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Rothwell Joseph A JA International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Nutrition and Metabolism Section, Biomarkers Group, Lyon, - - 2014
The Phenol-Explorer web database (http://www.phenol-explorer.eu) was recently updated with new data on polyphenol retention due to food processing. Here we analyze these data to investigate the effect of different variables on polyphenol content and make recommendations aimed at refining estimation of intake in epidemiological studies. Data on the effects of ...
Gamba Ryan J RJ Department of Epidemiology, Berkeley School of Public Health, University of California, 50 University Hall, Berkeley, CA, 94720-7360, USA, - - 2014
We identified fifty-one peer-reviewed studies that geospatially analyzed the relationship between the community nutrition environment (CNE) and obesity. Eighty percent of studies found at least one significant association between the CNE and obesity. However we calculated the proportion of studies that found at least one significant association between the CNE ...
Brandsma Sicco H SH Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University, De Boelelaan 1087, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nine organophosphorus flame retardants (PFRs) were detected in a pelagic and benthic food web of the Western Scheldt estuary, The Netherlands. Concentrations of several PFRs were an order of magnitude higher than those of the brominated flame retardants (BFRs). However, the detection frequency of the PFRs (6-56%) was lower than ...
Dahlsten Elias E Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, P. O. Box 66, FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Vegetative cultures of Clostridium botulinum produce the extremely potent botulinum neurotoxin, and may jeopardize the safety of foods unless sufficient measures to prevent growth are applied. Minimal food processing relies on combinations of mild treatments, primarily to avoid deterioration of the sensory qualities of the food. Tolerance of C. botulinum ...
Wedick Nicole M NM Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, - - 2014
Recent evidence suggests that opening a grocery store in a food desert does not translate to better diet quality among community residents. This study evaluated the influence of proximity to a healthy food store on the effect of a dietary behavioral intervention on diet among obese adults randomized to either ...
Gravlee Clarence C - - 2014
Neighborhood characteristics such as poverty and racial composition are associated with inequalities in access to food stores and in the risk of obesity, but the pathways between food environments and health are not well understood. This article extends research on consumer food environments by examining the perspectives of food-store owners ...
Jeong Ji Hye JH a Advanced Analysis Team, Toxicological Evaluation and Research Department, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety , Osong Health Technology Administration Complex , Cheongju-si , - - 2014
A number of 188 food and dietary supplement samples were collected from 2009 to mid 2013 in Korean online and offline stores. A method to identify PDE-5 inhibitors and their analogues using LC-ESI-MS/MS was validated. LODs and LOQs of liquid-type and solid-type negative samples ranged from 0.05 to 3.33 ng/mL ...
Deschuyffeleer N N Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Food2Know, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, Ghent 9000, Belgium; Department of Food Science and Technology, Food2Know, University College Ghent, Valentin Vaerwyckweg 1, Ghent 9000, - - 2014
High sugar products (sugar content>50%) are generally considered to be stable against all forms of microbial spoilage during a prolonged shelf life of several months. However, one specific subgroup of micro-organisms, the xerophilic moulds, can develop quite fast on the surface of food products with a reduced water activity (<0.85). ...
Agerbirk Niels N Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen , Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, - - 2014
Watercress obtained in food stores in the United States contained significant levels of epiglucobarbarin [(R)-2-hydroxy-2-phenylethylglucosinolate] and low levels of the 2S-epimer glucobarbarin identified by an HPLC+NMR+MS/MS approach. Typical combined levels were 4-7 μmol/g dry wt. The hydrolysis product, 5-phenyloxazolidine-2-thione (barbarin), was detected at similar levels as the precursor glucosinolates after ...
Shalini Rachana R a National Productivity Council, Utpadakta Bhawan, 5-6 Institutional Area, New Delhi, India and a certified Lead Auditor for Food Safety Management Systems ISO 22000:2005; Ex-Assistant Professor , Department of Agril. Process & Food Engg. Allahabad Agricultural Institute - Deemed University , Allahabad , India Email: rshalini2003@rediffmail.com , Mob: - - 2014
Hurdle technology is used in industrialized as well as in developing countries for the gentle but effective preservation of foods. Hurdle technology was developed several years ago as a new concept for the production of safe, stable, nutritious, tasty and economical foods. Previously hurdle technology, i.e., a combination of preservation ...
Ortega Alexander N AN Center for Population Health and Health Disparities, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1772, USA, - - 2014
Urban food swamps are typically situated in low-income, minority communities and contribute to overweight and obesity. Changing the food landscape in low income and underserved communities is one strategy to combat the negative health consequences associated with the lack of access to healthy food resources and an abundance of unhealthy ...
Zenk Shannon N SN Shannon N. Zenk is with the College of Nursing, Lisa M. Powell is with the School of Public Health, Leah Rimkus and Zeynep Isgor are with the Institute for Health Research and Policy, and Frank Chaloupka is with the Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago. Dianne C. Barker is with Barker Bi-Coastal Health Consultants Inc, Calabasas, CA. Punam Ohri-Vachaspati is with the School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, - - 2014
Objectives. We examined associations between the relative and absolute availability of healthier food and beverage alternatives at food stores and community racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and urban-rural characteristics. Methods. We analyzed pooled, annual cross-sectional data collected in 2010 to 2012 from 8462 food stores in 468 communities spanning 46 US states. Relative ...
Jeong Yunsun Y Department of Marine Sciences and Convergent Technology, Hanyang University, Ansan, Republic of - - 2014
Limited data are available on the residue levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in baby food. In this study, 24 PBDE congeners were determined in 147 homemade baby food samples collected from 97 households for 6-, 9-, 12-, 15-, and from 24 to 27-month-old infant groups during the period of ...
Clark Emma M EM Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Using a sample of adolescents from schools in Otago, New Zealand, associations between food outlets around schools and dietary quality were investigated. Food outlet environment data were derived using GIS data. Multivariate regression analysis results showed that outlet density, in an 800m buffer around schools, of cafes and restaurants, supermarkets ...
Ghosh-Dastidar Bonnie B RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lack of access to healthy foods may explain why residents of low-income neighborhoods and African Americans in the U.S. have high rates of obesity. The findings on where people shop and how that may influence health are mixed. However, multiple policy initiatives are underway to increase access in communities that ...
Van Holderbeke Mirja M Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO), Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, - - 2014
As numerous studies have indicated that food ingestion is the most important exposure pathway to several phthalates, this study aimed to determine possible contamination pathways of phthalates in food products sold on the Belgian market. To do this, concentrations of eight phthalates (dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), diisobutyl phthalate ...
Yim Elizabeth E From the Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, - - 2014
Preservatives are biocidal chemicals added to food, cosmetics, and industrial products to prevent the growth of microorganisms. They are usually nontoxic and inexpensive and have a long shelf life. Unfortunately, they commonly cause contact dermatitis. This article reviews the most important classes of preservatives physicians are most likely to encounter ...
Sakhi Amrit K AK Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Phthalates and bisphenol A (BPA) are ubiquitous in our environment. These chemicals have been characterized as endocrine disruptors that can cause functional impairment of development and reproduction. Processed and packaged foods are among the major sources of human exposure to these chemicals. No previous report showing the levels of these ...
Varga L L Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Institute of Food Science, University of West Hungary, 9200 Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this research was to monitor the survival during refrigerated storage of Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 (A), Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis BB-12 (B), and Streptococcus thermophilus CHCC 742/2130 (T) in cultured dairy foods made from camel and, for comparison, cow milks supplemented with black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) honey ...
Pepino Marta Yanina MY Center for Human Nutrition and Atkins Center of Excellence in Obesity Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, 63110, - - 2014
To test the hypotheses that bariatric surgery-induced weight loss: induces remission of food addiction (FA), and normalizes other eating behaviors associated with FA. Forty-four obese subjects (BMI= 48 ± 8 kg/m(2) ) were studied before and after ∼20% weight loss induced by bariatric surgery (25 Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, 11 laparoscopic adjustable gastric ...
Imperatori Claudio C Università Europea di Roma, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several studies have shown that food addiction (FA) is strongly related with psychopathology. However, this relationship may be partly mediated by the presence and severity of binge eating. The aim of the current study was to assess the strength of the association between FA and psychopathology, and whether this relationship ...
Solntseva S V SV P. K. Anokhin Research Institute of Normal Physiology, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, - - 2014
We studied the role of DNA methylation in the mechanisms of amnesia in edible snails, which was induced by impairment of conditioned food aversion memory reconsolidation with NMDA glutamate receptor antagonist. The effects of DNA methyltransferase inhibitors were shown to depend on the stage of amnesia. At the early stage ...
Diorio Caroline C Axe oncologie, Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec, 1050 Chemin Sainte-Foy, Quebec City, QC, G1S 4L8, Canada, - - 2014
Omega-3 (n-3) and n-6 fatty acids (FA) intake could influence the occurrence of certain diseases such as breast cancer but little is known about their relation to mammographic density (MD). The purpose of this study is to examine the association of the intake of n-3 FA and n-6 FA with ...
Stavropoulou Andriana A 0000-0001-5147-3340 Department of Agriculture, School of Agriculture Food and Nutrition, Technological Education Institute of Crete, Stavromenos, 71004 Heraklion, - - 2014
Grey mould rot (Botrytis cinerea) development in vitro or in eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) fruit was evaluated after treatment with dittany (Origanum dictamnus L.) oil (DIT) and storage at 12°C and 95% relative humidity during or following exposure to the volatiles. DIT volatiles used in different concentration (0-50-100-250 μL/L) and times ...
Majewski Michał - - 2014
A rich and natural source of readily assimilated dietary protein together with invaluable vitamins and minerals are fish, particularly the saltwater species. The quality of any given foodstuff is determined by its nutritional value, which in turn depends on the food type and methods used for manufacture, processing and storage. ...
Chen Po-Yu PY Department of Advertising, Ming Chuan University, Section 5, 250 Zhong Shan N. Road, Taipei 111, - - 2014
The validness of the expiration dates (validity period) that manufacturers provide on food product labels is a crucial food safety problem. Governments must study how to use their authority by implementing fair awards and punishments to prompt manufacturers into adopting rigorous considerations, such as the effect of adopting new storage ...
Osimani Andrea A Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Polytechnic University of Marche, via Brecce Bianche, Ancona 60131, Italy. - - 2014
ATP bioluminescence monitoring and traditional microbiological analyses (viable counting of total mesophilic aerobes, coliforms and Escherichia coli) were used to evaluate the effectiveness of Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOP) at a university canteen which uses a HACCP-based approach. To that end, 10 cleaning control points (CPs), including food contact surfaces ...
Zukiewicz-Sobczak Wioletta W Department of Allergology and Environmental Hazards, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, - - 2013
Herbs are commonly used in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Their vast use is connected with their antibacterial or antioxidising properties, as well as numerous pro-health properties. The aim of the presented research was assessment of the quantitative and qualitative composition of moulds which contaminate samples of dried herbs: Sage ...
Marrs Tom - - 2013
The environmental factors driving the recent increase in the prevalence of food allergy (FA) are unclear. Since associations have been demonstrated between microbial exposure and the likelihood of eczema and respiratory allergies, we reviewed the evidence for FA. Medline was systematically searched from inception to the end of July 2012 ...
Delbrassinne Laurence - - 2012
Abstract Whereas the prevalence of Bacillus cereus emetic strains in the environment has been shown to be very low, there is a lack of information on the prevalence of its toxin, cereulide, in food. Yet, the rice leftovers of a family outbreak which occurred after the consumption of dishes taken ...
Tsilia Varvara - - 2012
Enterotoxins produced by different species of the Bacillus cereus group, such as cytotoxin K1 (CytK1) and non-haemolytic enterotoxin (NHE), have been associated with diarrhoeal food poisoning incidents. Detection of CytK1 is not possible with commercial assays while NHE is recognised by an immunological kit (TECRA) that does not specifically target ...
Nguyen Doan Thi Lam - - 2012
Aims:  To evaluate the potential use of MALDI-TOF MS for fast and reliable classification and identification of lactic acid bacteria from traditional fermented foods. Methods and results:  A total of 119 strains of LAB from fermented meat (nem chua) were analyzed with both (GTG)(5) -PCR fingerprinting and MALDI-TOF MS. Cluster ...
da Silva Júlio César Cardoso - - 2012
Dyes have been widely used to accentuate or to provide different colors to foods. However, the high concentrations of dyes in effluents from the food industries can cause serious and unpredictable damages to aquatic life in general. Furthermore, since conventional biological treatments have been shown to be ineffective, the use ...
Mrvčić Jasna - - 2012
Certain species of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), as well as other microorganisms, can bind metal ions to their cells surface or transport and store them inside the cell. Due to this fact, over the past few years interactions of metal ions with LAB have been intensively investigated in order to ...
Nicolaou Nicoletta - - 2012
Microbiological safety is one of the cornerstones of quality control in the food industry. Identification and quantification of spoilage bacteria in pasteurized milk and meat in the food industry currently relies on accurate and sensitive yet time-consuming techniques which give retrospective values for microbial contamination. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass ...
Prasanth Kumar P K PK Department of Lipid Science & Traditional Foods, CSIR- Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, 570 020 - - 2014
Biscuit can be used as a functional food to deliver nutraceuticals to consumers. One such natural nutraceutical oryzanol is present in rice bran oil. Oryzanol possesses a variety of health benefits which include reduction of cholesterol in blood, improvement of capillary action of blood vessels, anti-aging effect and others. Biscuit ...
Mattarozzi Monica - - 2012
Allergy to lupin is a growing food safety problem since this legume, increasingly exploited in food industry, is one of the allergens that according to law must be declared on the labels of food products in the European Union. In this context, a rapid targeted proteomic approach based on liquid ...
Schecter Arnold A University of Texas School of Public Health, 6011 Harry Hines Blvd., V8.122E, Dallas, TX 75390-9128 USA. - - 2012
Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) is a brominated flame retardant used in polystyrene foams in thermal insulation and electrical equipment. The HBCD commercial mixture consists mainly of α, β, and γ stereoisomers. Health concerns of HBCD exposure include alterations in immune and reproductive systems, neurotoxic effects, and endocrine disruption. Stereoisomer-specific levels of HBCD ...
Okada Ryuichi - - 2012
A honeybee informs her nestmates about the location of a profitable food source that she has visited by means of a waggle dance: a round dance and a figure-of-eight dance for a short- and long-distance food source, respectively. Consequently, the colony achieves an effective collection of food. However, it is ...
Kakigi Yasuhiro - - 2012
The aim of this study was to survey the flavonol compositions of Ginkgo biloba products, especially those on the Japanese market. Sixteen food products, six medicinal products, and raw Ginkgo biloba leaves were examined by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with ultra-violet detection and time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Eleven flavonol glycosides, three ...
Zamyatnin A A - - 2012
Until recently food proteins were considered to be an energy source and a source of essential and nonessential amino acids required for protein synthesis and precursors of many vital biomolecules. However, we assumed earlier that food protein fragments might perform some regulatory functions. The theoretical justification for this assumption is ...
Perrot Vincent - - 2012
Mercury undergoes several transformations that influence its stable isotope composition during a number of environmental and biological processes. Measurements of Hg isotopic mass-dependent (MDF) and mass-independent fractionation (MIF) in food webs may therefore help to identify major sources and processes leading to significant bioaccumulation of methylmercury (MeHg). In this work, ...
Fierens T - - 2012
Phthalates are organic lipophilic compounds that are principally used as plasticiser to increase the flexibility of plastic polymers. Other applications are a.o. the use of phthalates in printing inks and lacquers. Human exposure to phthalates mainly occurs via food ingestion and can induce adverse health effects. In this study, the ...
Brosnan Brid - - 2012
Fungal contamination of food causes health and economic concerns. Several species of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have antifungal activity which may inhibit food spoilage fungi. LAB have GRAS (generally recognised as safe) status, allowing them to be safely integrated into food systems as natural food preservatives. A method is described ...
da Rosa Jeane Santos - - 2012
In the recent years the way of thinking about human health necessarily passes by human food. Recent discoveries do not only concern about valuable biomolecules but also contaminants. Thus, the screening of substances in animal and vegetable matrices by analytical techniques is focused on the presence and absence of target ...
Di Stefano Vita - - 2012
HPLC-MS applications in the agrifood sector are among the fastest developing fields in science and industry. The present tutorial mini-review briefly describes this analytical methodology: HPLC, UHPLC, nano-HPLC on one hand, mass spectrometry (MS) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) on the other hand. Analytical results are grouped together based on ...
Jansson Daniel - - 2012
Accidental or deliberate poisoning of food is of great national and international concern. Detecting and identifying potentially toxic agents in food is challenging due to their large chemical diversity and the complexity range of food matrices. A methodology is presented whereby toxic agents are identified and further characterized using a ...
Mondello Luigi - - 2012
The present contribution describes an investigation directed towards the use of a rapid heart-cutting multidimensional LC-GC-FID method for the analysis of mineral oil saturated hydrocarbons (MOSH), contained in different types of homogenized solid baby food (fish, meat and fruit products). The fish and meat products all contained vegetable oil (sunflower), ...
Hochel I - - 2012
Aims:  To study the occurrence of Cronobacter spp. in foods and to investigate the phenotypic properties of the strains isolated. Methods and Results:  A total of 53 strains of Cronobacter spp. isolated from 399 food samples were identified using conventional biochemical methods and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Foods of plant origin ...
Venhuis B J - - 2012
The scale at which erectile dysfunction (ED) medicines are obtained outside of the official health system rivals and possibly exceeds legitimate sales. According to literature a high-risk segment of this market is occupied by adulterated food supplements. The principle adulterants identified were structural analogues of the registered ED drugs sildenafil, ...
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