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Results 251 - 300 of 545
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Verakaki E - - 2003
AIM: To investigate the acidogenic response of plaque with various European chocolates of varying cocoa contents. METHODS: 14 subjects participated in the study. On each test day plaque pH measurements were taken at baseline and at 2, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 minutes after challenge with the test chocolates ...
Seymour Roger S RS Environmental Biology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia. - - 2003
In neotropical forests, adults of many large scarab beetle species spend most of their time inside the floral chambers of heat-producing flowers, where they feed and mate throughout the night and rest during the following day, before briefly flying to another flower. Here we measure floral temperatures in Philodendron solimoesense ...
Ahn Jongsung S - - 2003
This study was conducted to test the possibility that polyacrylamides used in agriculture may contribute to acrylamide formation in heated foods by thermal depolymerization. Two samples of polyacrylamide with low molecular weights of 1.5 and 10 kDa were used to test for in-chain and end-chain depolymerization. They were added as ...
Mary Patrice - - 2003
Aeromonas hydrophila is sometimes considered as a controversial human pathogen and reported to be susceptible to food processing procedures and environmental stresses. In this study, we have shown that early stationary phase cells of A. hydrophila were readily killed during up shifts in temperature (in the range 50-70 degrees C), ...
Zenker M - - 2003
A continuously working pilot plant-scale prototype was used to evaluate the effects of continuous-flow ultrasound-temperature treatment for bacterial decontamination of model suspensions and various liquid food systems such as milk, fruit, and vegetable juices. Escherichia coli K12 DH 5 alpha and Lactobacillus acidophilus were used as test microorganisms. In addition, ...
Cooper C E - - 2003
Numbats are unusual marsupials in being exclusively diurnal and termitivorous. They have a sparse (1921 hairs cm(-2)) and shallow (1.19 mm) pelt compared with other marsupials. Coat reflectivity is low (19%) for numbats compared with nocturnal marsupials, but absorptivity is similar to that of diurnal North American ground squirrels (72%), ...
Devi Rashmi R - - 2003
Chemical modification of rubber wood (Hevea Brasiliensis) was carried out by impregnating the wood with styrene and in combination with a crosslinker Glycidyl Methacrylate (GMA). Polymerization was carried out by catalyst heat treatment. The dimensional stability in terms of % volumetric swelling and anti-shrink efficiency was determined and found to ...
Harikai Naoki - - 2003
We focused on dynamic responses to acute heat stress between 34 degrees C and 38.5 degrees C. Physiological and neuroendocrinological changes between 34 degrees C and 38.5 degrees C were studied in mice. The influence of humid conditions, 85% relative humidity (RH), on these changes was also investigated. Rectal temperatures ...
Rabin Yoed - - 2003
A new concept for cryosurgery control is presented in this paper, a concept which has the potential to dramatically change the outcome of cryosurgery. Unlike other cryosurgery control techniques, which are based on controlling the thermal performance of the cryoprobe, this new concept is based on heating the treated tissue ...
Kaseloo P A - - 2003
The heat increment of feeding (HIF), including heat from digestion, assimilation, and nutrient interconversion, may substitute for thermogenesis and reduce thermoregulation costs. HIF and its substitution have been measured mainly in animals fed single large meals with high protein content, but many species such as some dabbling ducks (Anatini) feed ...
Hung Chun-Cheng - - 2003
Several investigations have examined magnesia-based investments for pure titanium casting. However, the thermal expansion value was insufficient at low casting temperatures and high interfacial reactivity occurred at high casting temperatures. The purpose of this investigation was to modify a magnesia-based investment by adding a heat-resistant mold material, zirconia, in different ...
Li C - - 2003
The behavior of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques is believed to be closely related to plaque composition. There is a need for an effective in vivo technique for examining plaque constituent properties. In this study, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy using attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR) was used to assess and analyze the biochemical ...
Pipkin Walter - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The small heat shock proteins HSP20, HSP25, alphaB-crystallin, and myotonic dystrophy kinase binding protein (MKBP) may regulate dynamic changes in the cytoskeleton. For example, the phosphorylation of HSP20 has been associated with relaxation of vascular smooth muscle. This study examined the function of HSP20 in heart muscle. METHODS AND ...
Rantala, Mervi
VTT Symposium 226. The Food, GI-tract Functionality and Human Health Cluster. PROEUHEALTH. Abstracts and posters. Taormina, IT, 3 - 5 March 2003. Kuokka, Annemari, Saarela, Maria & Mattila-Sandholm, Tiina (eds.), 60
Lloyd B J - - 2003
Radiant emissions from short, medium, and long wavelength thermal radiant emitter systems typically used for food processing applications were quantified. Measurements included heat flux intensity, emitter surface temperature, and spectral wavelength distribution. Heat flux measurements were found highly dependent on the incident angle and the distance from the emitter facing. ...
Piyasena Punidadas - - 2003
Radio frequency (RF) heating is a promising technology for food applications because of the associated rapid and uniform heat distribution, large penetration depth and lower energy consumption. Radio frequency heating has been successfully applied for drying, baking and thawing of frozen meat and in meat processing. However, its use in ...
Russell Nicholas J - - 2002
The shelf life of food is extended by refrigeration because the metabolic processes of food-associated microorganisms are slowed by the lowered temperature. Nonetheless, cold-adapted psychrotrophic food-poisoning and food-spoilage bacteria remain a concern because they possess cold-adapted proteins and membrane lipids that facilitate growth at low temperatures. The use of membrane-disrupting ...
Huang Ching Jang - - 2002
Some components of natural foods may enhance or inhibit prostaglandin formation and potentially affect the inflammation condition. A macrophage cell line, RAW264.7, was employed to examine the effects of foods traditionally regarded as 'heating' or 'cooling' on the production of PGE(2), a well-known proinflammatory mediator. Foods traditionally regarded as 'heating' ...
Schwarz Lothar - - 2002
This work presents the first known experiments of ninhydrin sublimation in vacuum to detect latent fingerprints on thermal paper. In this method, latent fingerprints become visible in rich detail without the background black staining known from the application of ninhydrin solutions to thermal paper. The method involves hanging the thermal ...
Medrano A - - 2002
A custom-built controlled-rate freezing machine is described. It operates by automatically raising and lowering the sample carrier in a static column of liquid nitrogen vapour. It is controlled by a computer-assisted thermocouple feedback system that operates a stepper motor driving the sample carrier. The cooling protocol is divided into three ...
Calvo Jorge H - - 2002
Quantitative estimates are important to establish whether pork adulteration in ground beef and pâté is accidental or intentional. A PCR procedure has been developed and evaluated to quantify pork in heated and nonheated meat and pâtés by densitometry using a specific and sensitive repetitive DNA element. Thirty, twenty-five, and twenty ...
Nebesny E - - 2002
Coffee beans of Coffea liberica (robusta) variety were roasted using convection and microwave heating. For roasting we used green coffee beans of 7.5% moisture content, and beans wetted to 10% moisture content and dried to 5% moisture content. The content of 5-hydroxytryptamides of carboxylic acids C-5-HT (determined by TLC) as ...
Erk Marijana - - 2002
Several different procedures were applied to purify metallothionein (MT) isolated from the digestive glands of the mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) exposed to cadmium: heat treatment (at 70 and 85 degrees C), solvent precipitation, and gel-filtration. Using electrochemical method, the MT contents were determined. Based on the obtained results each procedure was ...
Cadarette Bruce S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare a vapor compression microclimate cooling system (MCC) and a personal ice cooling system (PIC) for their effectiveness in reducing physiological strain when used with cooling garments worn under the impermeable self-contained toxic environment protective outfit (STEPO). A second comparison was done ...
Gardner John W - - 2002
With recent emphasis on increased water intake during exercise for the prevention of dehydration and exertional heat illness, there has been an increase in cases of hyponatremia related to excessive water intake. This article reviews several recent military cases and three deaths that have occurred as a result of overhydration, ...
Xin H - - 2002
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of drinking water temperature (Tw) on laying hens subjected to warm cyclic air temperature (Ta) conditions. Each experiment consisted of a 1-wk acclimation under thermoneutrality (TN) (Ta = Tw = 21 C), a 4-wk heat exposure or treatment period, and a 2-wk ...
Duchamp Claude - - 2002
The rapid maturation of thermoregulatory mechanisms may be of critical importance for optimising chick growth and survival and parental energy investment under harsh climatic conditions. The ontogeny of thermoregulatory mechanisms was studied in growing king penguin chicks from hatching to the full emancipation observed at 1 month of age in ...
Liu Jiping - - 2002
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of stability storage conditions on the enteric release of heat-humidity cured cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP) coated beads. Theophylline beads were coated with 25 or 35% diethyl phthalate plasticized CAP dispersion (Aquacoat CPD), and cured at a heat-humidity condition (50 degrees ...
Logan Ellen I - - 2002
Recent studies have demonstrated that typical dry dog foods have significantly less efficacy in reducing accumulation of dental substrates compared to a specifically formulated and processed dental food. This study compared the effects of a typical dry food and a dental food on plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation in dogs ...
Kawai Kiyoshi - - 2002
The glass transition behaviour of polyphosphate compounds such as di- and tri- polyphosphates used as food additives and ATP, ADP existing in biosystems, were investigated by using DSC. From the DSC heating curves of the frozen solutions, the glass transition temperatures of the maximum freeze concentrated solutions, Tg', were determined. ...
Bonnet B R P - - 2002
Six substrates made up with heated and composted anaerobic biosolid were tested for the production of Eucalyptus viminalis, Schinus terebinthifolius and Mimosa scabrella forest seedlings in a nursery in Southern Brazil. The produced seedlings were statistically evaluated in relation to height, stem diameter, height/stem diameter ratio, aerial and root dry ...
Onyeike Eugene N - - 2002
The effects of heat treatments on the proximate composition, energy content, and levels of some antinutritional factors in brown and marble-colored African yam bean (AYB) seed flours were investigated. In raw brown and marble-colored AYB seed flours; moisture content, dry matter, crude protein, crude fat, ash, total carbohydrate and caloric ...
Gutierrez Emilio - - 2002
The paper addresses the absence of reports about the sauna use among the weight loss strategies of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Because AN entails a relentless pursuit of thinness, it might be expected that these patients would frequently resort to saunas. The paper sustains that the absence of reports ...
Browne N - - 2001
AIMS: The effects of stresses imposed on bacterial contaminants during food processing and treatment of packaging material were evaluated on the food pathogen Bacillus cereus. METHODS AND RESULTS: Conditions were established which allowed the cells to adapt to heat, ethanol and hydrogen peroxide stresses, but not to osmotic shock. Cross ...
Gould G W - - 2001
Most food-preservation techniques act by slowing down or completely inhibiting the growth of micro-organisms. Few techniques act by inactivating them. While heat remains the technique most extensively used for inactivation, there has been increasing interest recently in the development of alternative approaches in response to the desires of consumers for ...
Cyrys J - - 2001
A comparison, based on the regression of 32 daily mean PM25 aerosol loadings determined by a tapered element oscillating microbalance (TEOM) and by a Harvard impactor (HI), is reported for the ambient aerosol of Erfurt (Germany). The PM2.5 concentrations measured by the TEOM were systematically lower then those obtained by ...
Zhou J - - 2001
Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for atherothrombosis. However, causality is unproven, and it remains unknown whether hyperhomocysteinemia promotes atherosclerosis, plaque rupture, and/or thrombosis. We evaluated the short- and long-term effects of hyperhomocysteinemia on plaque size and structure in 99 atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. Hyperhomocysteinemia was induced by methionine (Met) ...
Lucía-Pavón E - - 2001
In order to maintain rotifer populations during periods of low algal production, it is necessary to offer alternate diets, some of which include forms of preserved algae. The present work is based on the effect of live and dead Chlorella vulgaris on the population growth of Brachionus calyciflorus and Brachionus ...
Wolfenson D - - 2001
Laying hens held in battery cages in naturally ventilated poultry houses in hot countries usually develop hyperthermia, which adversely affects their performance. The present means of cooling alleviate to some degree, but cannot eliminate, the stress imposed by heat. A new approach to cooling of laying hens was developed, based ...
Glickman E L - - 2001
PURPOSE: This investigation evaluated the influence of ethnicity, Caucasian (CAU) vs. African American (AA), on thermosensitivity and metabolic heat production (HP) during cold water immersion (20 degrees C) in 15 CAU (22.7 +/- 2.7 yr) vs. 7 AA (21.7 +/- 2.7 yr) males. METHODS: Following a 20-min baseline period (BASE), ...
Birlouez-Aragon I - - 2001
The FAST method is based on the determination of maximal fluorescence emission when exciting at 330-350 nm, which corresponds to molecular structures formed between reducing sugars or oxidizing lipids and lysine residues of proteins. This fluorescence is dependent on heat treatment and related to protein nutritional loss. Applied to a ...
Kienzle E - - 2001
Seven pectin samples, six galactomannan sources, five carrageen samples, four alginate samples, one sample of gum traganth, agar agar and gum arabicum, two xanthan samples, two inulin samples and a galacto oligosaccharide, 22 cellulose samples, six lignin samples, four starch samples, nine protein samples, six isolated fats, three meat samples, ...
Sides A - - 2001
Samples of an Australian oat cultivar, Echidna, were pilot-scale processed. At each stage of the processing (raw oats, groats, kiln dried dehulled oats (KDHO), and rolled (flaked)) samples were removed for later sensory and GC-MS analysis of the flavor components. Mean taste panel scores from a trained taste panel were ...
Yalçin S - - 2001
1. This study investigated effects of conditioning at 5 d of age and food restriction during a hot period on responses to prolonged heat stress of two fast (G1 and G2) and one slower-growing (G3) broiler stocks. 2. Chicks from each stock were divided into 3 groups: control, conditioned (chicks ...
Doyle M E - - 2001
The heat resistance data on Listeria monocytogenes in culture media and foods are summarized. Most heat resistance data for foods have been obtained in dairy, meat, poultry, and egg products. Limited data have been published on seafood, fruits, and vegetables. The methodologies employed have evolved over time; hence data from ...
Moran J - - 2001
BACKGROUND, AIMS: Zinc-citrate-containing toothpastes have previously been suggested to be of value at inhibiting plaque and gingival inflammation. Present formulations have included triclosan which is thought to contribute major antibacterial/antiplaque effects. Alternative antimicrobial agents and other ingredients such as oils could help to produce equally effective formulations. The aim of ...
Favreau D - - 2001
A study of the physical process of concentration of maple sap to maple syrup and preparation of maple syrup products by microwave heating is described. Duty cycles of 60, 75 and 100% were used for the microwave application. During the process, some of the drying kinetics are discussed, including the ...
Chiang C F - - 2001
A full-scale autothermal thermophilic aerobic treatment (ATAT) of food-processing wastewater was evaluated in this study. The wastewater was rich in oil and grease at concentrations of 1,500-2,000 mg/L. The system has been operated for more than one and a half years since the startup. Under steady state conditions, the ATAT ...
Simoneau G G - - 2001
The goal of this study was to determine the systematic effect that varying the slope angle of a computer keyboard along with varying keyboard height (relative to elbow height) have on wrist extension angle while typing. Thirty participants typed on a keyboard whose slope was adjusted to +15 degrees, +7.5 ...
Roussy G - - 2001
A helical RF industrial applicator was evaluated for heating minced meat flowing in a hollow tube. Heating was homogeneous inside the product, although the product was highly lossy due to its high electric conductivity. The homogeneity was much better than could be obtained with microwave heating. A high power density, ...
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