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Results 201 - 250 of 534
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Ferruzzi Mario G - - 2005
Sodium copper chlorophyllin (SCC), a water-soluble commercial derivative of chlorophyll, has gained importance as a food colorant and dietary supplement with apparent chemopreventive activities. The thermal stability of SCC was studied to assess the potential application of this chlorophyll derivative for use in thermally processed foods and supplements. Thermal degradation ...
Abbady Adel G E - - 2006
Radioactive heat-production data of Igneous and Metamorphic outcrops in the Eastern Desert are presented. Samples were analysed using a low level gamma-ray spectrometer (HPGe) in the laboratory. A total of 205 rock samples were investigated, covering all major rock types of the area. The heat-production rate of igneous rocks ranges ...
Rosche Thomas M - - 2005
Vibrio vulnificus is an opportunistic human pathogen which is the causative agent of food-borne disease and wound infections. V. vulnificus is able to adapt to a variety of potentially stressful environmental changes, such as osmotic, nutrient, and temperature variations in estuarine environments, as well as oxidative, osmotic, and acidity differences ...
Teramoto Hidetoshi - - 2005
This paper reports the structure-dependent molecular orientation behavior of sericin, an adhesive silk protein secreted by silkworm, Bombyx mori. Although application of sericin as a biomaterial is anticipated because of its unique characteristics, sericin's physicochemical properties remain unclear, mainly because of its vulnerability to heat or alkaline treatment during separation ...
Dawson Russell D - - 2005
Organisms are expected to balance energy allocation in such a way that fitness is maximized. While much research has focussed on allocation strategies of reproducing parents, in particular birds, relatively little attention has been paid to how nestlings allocate energy while in the nest. Nestling birds are faced with a ...
Joubert Elizabeth - - 2005
The effect of drying conditions on harpagoside (HS) retention, as well as the use of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for rapid quantification of the iridoids, HS, and 8-rho-coumaroyl harpagide (8rhoCHG) and moisture, in dried Harpagophytum procumbens (devil's claw) root was investigated. HS retention was significantly (P < 0.05) lower in sun-dried ...
Liu Q - - 2005
ABSTRACT Potebniamyces pyri is the causal agent of Phacidiopycnis rot, a postharvest disease of pears. Infection of fruit occurs in the orchard, and symptoms develop during storage. Conidial germination of P. pyri in response to nutrient, temperature, wetness duration, relative humidity (RH), and pH was determined in vitro. Conidia germinated ...
Locke J - - 2005
The response of xenotransplants were compared with waterbath immersion vs focal ultrasound (US) hyperthermia using tumour growth delay, immunhistochemistry and histopathology assays. Waterbath hyperthermia was performed by limb immersion. Precautions were taken to minimize total body heating by surrounding the mouse with plastic insulators. Thermometry was performed with clinical-grade, 20-gauge ...
Al-Balool Fawzia Y - - 2005
The effects of mucosally added Escherichia coli heat stable enterotoxin (STa, 30 ng mL(-1)) on the basal short-circuit current (Isc in microA cm(-2)) across stripped and unstripped sheets of proximal, mid and distal colon were investigated. Samples were taken from fed, starved (4 days, water ad lib) and undernourished (50% ...
Mahroof Rizana - - 2005
Managing stored-product insect pests by heating the ambient air of a food-processing facility to high temperatures (50-60 degrees C), also referred to as heat treatment, is an effective technology that has been used since the early 1900s. The minimum temperature during heat treatment for effective disinfestation is 50 degrees C. ...
Walters E A - - 2005
Measurements of the appearance potential for the production of CF3+ in the photoionization of CF3Br are in sharp disagreement, contributing to controversy in the heat of formation of CF3+. We reexamine our previous work and add additional experiments, obtaining AP(CF3+/CF3Br) = 11.64 +/- 0.04 eV as the average of four ...
Kawai Kiyoshi - - 2005
PURPOSE: In an effort to understand the stability of glassy sugars such as glucose, sucrose, maltose, and trehalose, the molecular mobility below the glass transition temperature (Tg) was investigated by an enthalpy relaxation measurement with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). METHODS: The glassy sample was aged over several days at (Tg ...
Van Dyck Stefaan M O - - 2005
A novel method for the rapid screening of antioxidant efficacy and oxidative stability in food and feed matrices has been developed. The analyses are described as free radical generation (FRG) assays. The new procedure combines the use of azo-initiators with analytical equipment that is widely used for antioxidant research such ...
Antoniou Katerina - - 2005
Alkali (NaOH)-based compounds are commonly used in the food industry to clean food contact surfaces. However, little information is available on the ability of alkali and alkali-based cleaning compounds to remove extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) produced by biofilm bacteria. The objectives of this study were to determine the temperature and ...
Xianquan S - - 2005
With an increasing understanding of the health benefit of lycopene, how to preserve lycopene during food processing and storage has caused much attention. Lycopene belongs to the carotenoid family and mostly exists in nature as the all-trans form. Heat, light, oxygen, and different food matrices are factors that have an ...
Hellenäs Karl-Erik - - 2005
HEATOX is the acronym for a European Union-funded project entitled Heat-Generated Food Toxicants: Identification, Characterization, and Risk Minimization. Acrylamide will be the main experimental focus, but identification of unknown toxicants in heated carbohydrate-rich foods will also be attempted. The project includes research on formation chemistry, food technology, analytical methods, hazard ...
Lin H M - - 2005
The thermal and pH stabilities of cypermethrin during food processing were investigated using tomato as a model food system and high-performance liquid chromatography as the analytical method. Cypermethrin was thermally unstable in aqueous conditions, where the hydrolysis of the pesticide was accelerated by heat. The mean proportion remaining after heating ...
Kurazumi Yoshihito - - 2004
In order to clarify the heat transfer area involved in convective heat exchange for the human body, the total body surface area of six healthy subjects was measured, and the non-convective heat transfer area and floor and chair contact areas for the following nine common body positions were measured: standing, ...
Hirose Junko - - 2004
Human sera obtained from children with egg allergy reacted well with both native and heated ovomucoid (OM). Ovalbumin is present in egg white in a 5 times greater quantity than OM; however, it easily aggregates and becomes difficult to extract by heating. For accurate food allergen labeling of processed food, ...
Boina Dhanaraj - - 2004
Methyl bromide, a space fumigant used in food-processing facilities, may be phased out in the United States by 2005. The use of elevated temperatures or heat treatment is gaining popularity as a methyl bromide alternative. During heat treatment, the temperature of the whole food-processing facility, or a portion of it, ...
Fukazawa Takako - - 2004
A moveable sweating thermal manikin has recently been developed. Thermal and water-vapour resistances of three kinds of cold-protective clothing ensembles, laminated with polytetrafluoroethylene, polyurethane and without a laminate were measured, with the aid of the manikin in a cold environment of 5 degrees C with a relative humidity of 70% ...
Al-Holy M - - 2004
Recent regulatory concerns about the presence of the pathogen Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat aquatic foods such as caviar has prompted the development of postpackaging pasteurization processes. However, caviar is heat labile, and conventional pasteurization processes affect the texture, color, and flavor of these foods negatively. In this study, chum salmon ...
Granvogl Michael - - 2004
3-Aminopropionamide (3-APA) has recently been suggested as a transient intermediate in acrylamide (AA) formation during thermal degradation of asparagine initiated by reducing carbohydrates or aldehydes, respectively. 3-APA may also be formed in foods by an enzymatic decarboxylation of asparagine. Using a newly developed method to quantify 3-APA based on liquid ...
Sideridou Irini - - 2004
The thermal expansion characteristics of dental resins prepared by light-curing of Bis-GMA, TEGDMA, UDMA, Bis-EMA(4) or PCDMA dimethacrylate monomers and of commercial light-cured resin composites (Z-100 MP, Filtek Z-250, Sculpt-It and Alert), the organic matrix resin of which is based on different combinations of the above monomers, were studied by ...
Gangneux Jean-Pierre - - 2004
Aspergillus fumigatus spores in food may represent an infectious risk for neutropenic patients. We examined the efficiency of disinfection procedures applicable to foods for eradication of A fumigatus. Boiling and microwave treatment fully decontaminated an experimental spore suspension and naturally contaminated liquid foods (reconstituted dried food, herbal tea). Full decontamination ...
Deboosere N - - 2004
While thermal destruction of pathogenic bacteria has been thoroughly studied in food industry, heat inactivation of viruses in food has been poorly investigated. Experiments were carried out to characterize the effects of controlled physical and chemical characteristics of a food matrix upon heat resistance parameters (D and z values) of ...
Vyas H K - - 2004
Calcium enrichment of food and dairy products has gained interest with the increased awareness about the importance of higher calcium intake. Calcium plays many important roles in the human body. Dairy products are an excellent source of dietary calcium, which can be further fortified with calcium salts to achieve higher ...
Aimutis William R - - 2004
Beyond nutrition, there is an increasing amount of data and information to demonstrate a bioactive role for dairy components in adults including a role in prevention of dental caries. Specifically, the casein fraction and hydrolysates thereof have been the focus of researchers investigating cariogenicity prevention. Tooth enamel is a polymeric ...
Lan C M - - 2004
The effect of heating time and antioxidants on the heterocyclic amine (HAs) formation in marinated foods were studied. Food samples were cooked at 98 +/- 2 degrees C for 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 h in a closed pan in the presence of water, soy sauce and rock ...
Shlevin Eli - - 2004
ABSTRACT Structural solarization of greenhouses for sanitation by closing them involves dry heating to 60 degrees C and higher with a consequent low relative humidity (RH) ( approximately 15%), thus requiring an extended period for thermal inactivation of pathogens. In an attempt to enhance pathogen control by increasing moisture during ...
Enomfon J. Akpan
The effects of heat and drug (Tetracycline) treatments on the food quality of cocoyam-tannia [<I>Xanthosoma sagittifolium</I> (L) Schott] were studied. The proximate composition, mineral elements and anti nutritional factors of cocoyam were determined before and after various treatments. Moisture content decreased from 69.8% in the uncooked sample (C<SUB>1</SUB>) to 67.62% ...
Zaura E - - 2004
Direct or in situ methods (e.g., confocal microscopy, microsensors) are used to study non-oral biofilms for almost two decades, and they have recently been introduced in the research of dental plaque. We combined a pH microsensor technique and transversal microradiography (TMR) in a pilot study where the effects of nutrient ...
Içier Filiz - - 2004
The knowledge of the electrical properties of the materials to be processed or measured is important in the design of the equipment. Dielectric properties determine the behavior of the materials, when subjected to high frequency or microwave fields in dielectric heating processes or cooking. This article is a review of ...
Olesen B H - - 2004
During inspection of AISI316 stainless steel plate heat exchangers in a district heating peak load unit, localised corrosion attacks along with indications of microbiological activity were found on the boiler side beneath patches of sturdy black deposits. Bacteria and sulphide were detected within black deposits. Thorough investigation of the boiler ...
De Angelis Maria - - 2004
Environmental stress responses in Lactobacillus, which have been investigated mainly by proteomics approaches, are reviewed. The physiological and molecular mechanisms of responses to heat, cold, acid, osmotic, oxygen, high pressure and starvation stresses are described. Specific examples of the repercussions of these effects in food processing are given. Molecular mechanisms ...
Bejaoui H - - 2004
AIMS: To assess, for the first time the efficiency in removing ochratoxin A (OTA) from laboratory medium [yeast peptone glucose (YPG)], synthetic grape juice medium (SGM) and natural grape juice by viable and dead (heat and acid-treated) oenological Saccharomyces strains (five S. cerevisiae and one S. bayanus) compared with a ...
Green A K - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: A) To assess plaque lactate production following consumption of three foods (cake, chocolate/caramel bar, sweetened coffee), and B) To measure the effect of a fluoride dentifrice containing 2% zinc citrate and 0.3% Triclosan on plaque lactate and pH drop following consumption of cake. METHODS: A) 10 subjects completed the ...
Król E - - 2003
The limits to sustained energy intake are important because of their implications for reproductive output, foraging behaviour and thermoregulatory capabilities. Recent attempts to elucidate the nature of the limits to sustained energy intake have focused on peak lactation, which is the most energetically demanding period for female mammals. The hypothesis ...
Hall P J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To measure the levels of zinc and Triclosan present in plaque 12 hours post-brushing and following two weeks home use of a toothpaste formulation containing 2% zinc citrate and 0.3% Triclosan. To measure the levels of zinc and Triclosan in plaque following two weeks home use of the test ...
Verakaki E - - 2003
AIM: To investigate the acidogenic response of plaque with various European chocolates of varying cocoa contents. METHODS: 14 subjects participated in the study. On each test day plaque pH measurements were taken at baseline and at 2, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 minutes after challenge with the test chocolates ...
Seymour Roger S RS Environmental Biology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia. - - 2003
In neotropical forests, adults of many large scarab beetle species spend most of their time inside the floral chambers of heat-producing flowers, where they feed and mate throughout the night and rest during the following day, before briefly flying to another flower. Here we measure floral temperatures in Philodendron solimoesense ...
Ahn Jongsung S - - 2003
This study was conducted to test the possibility that polyacrylamides used in agriculture may contribute to acrylamide formation in heated foods by thermal depolymerization. Two samples of polyacrylamide with low molecular weights of 1.5 and 10 kDa were used to test for in-chain and end-chain depolymerization. They were added as ...
Mary Patrice - - 2003
Aeromonas hydrophila is sometimes considered as a controversial human pathogen and reported to be susceptible to food processing procedures and environmental stresses. In this study, we have shown that early stationary phase cells of A. hydrophila were readily killed during up shifts in temperature (in the range 50-70 degrees C), ...
Zenker M - - 2003
A continuously working pilot plant-scale prototype was used to evaluate the effects of continuous-flow ultrasound-temperature treatment for bacterial decontamination of model suspensions and various liquid food systems such as milk, fruit, and vegetable juices. Escherichia coli K12 DH 5 alpha and Lactobacillus acidophilus were used as test microorganisms. In addition, ...
Cooper C E - - 2003
Numbats are unusual marsupials in being exclusively diurnal and termitivorous. They have a sparse (1921 hairs cm(-2)) and shallow (1.19 mm) pelt compared with other marsupials. Coat reflectivity is low (19%) for numbats compared with nocturnal marsupials, but absorptivity is similar to that of diurnal North American ground squirrels (72%), ...
Devi Rashmi R - - 2003
Chemical modification of rubber wood (Hevea Brasiliensis) was carried out by impregnating the wood with styrene and in combination with a crosslinker Glycidyl Methacrylate (GMA). Polymerization was carried out by catalyst heat treatment. The dimensional stability in terms of % volumetric swelling and anti-shrink efficiency was determined and found to ...
Harikai Naoki - - 2003
We focused on dynamic responses to acute heat stress between 34 degrees C and 38.5 degrees C. Physiological and neuroendocrinological changes between 34 degrees C and 38.5 degrees C were studied in mice. The influence of humid conditions, 85% relative humidity (RH), on these changes was also investigated. Rectal temperatures ...
Rabin Yoed - - 2003
A new concept for cryosurgery control is presented in this paper, a concept which has the potential to dramatically change the outcome of cryosurgery. Unlike other cryosurgery control techniques, which are based on controlling the thermal performance of the cryoprobe, this new concept is based on heating the treated tissue ...
Kaseloo P A - - 2003
The heat increment of feeding (HIF), including heat from digestion, assimilation, and nutrient interconversion, may substitute for thermogenesis and reduce thermoregulation costs. HIF and its substitution have been measured mainly in animals fed single large meals with high protein content, but many species such as some dabbling ducks (Anatini) feed ...
Hung Chun-Cheng - - 2003
Several investigations have examined magnesia-based investments for pure titanium casting. However, the thermal expansion value was insufficient at low casting temperatures and high interfacial reactivity occurred at high casting temperatures. The purpose of this investigation was to modify a magnesia-based investment by adding a heat-resistant mold material, zirconia, in different ...
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