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Mortimer Monika M Environmental Biogeochemistry and Ecotoxicology, Institute F.-A. Forel, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Geneva, 10 route de Suisse, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics, Akadeemia tee 23, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Protozoa as phagocytizing cells have been shown to integrate engineered nanoparticles (NPs), while the mechanism, dynamics and extent of such uptake are unclear. Here our fluorescence microscopy data showed that CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) with primary size of 12 nm were readily phagocytized into the food vacuoles of Tetrahymena thermophila in ...
Momose Yoshika Y Division of Biomedical Food Research, National Institute of Health Sciences, 1-18-1 Kamiyoga, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 158-8501, - - 2014
In March 2012, two patients were transported urgently to the hospital in Tottori Prefecture, Japan, because of symptoms suggestive of botulism. Botulinum neurotoxin type A was detected in the clinical specimens and the food consumed by the two patients (vacuum packed adzuki-batto, a sweet adzuki bean soup containing noodles). We ...
Taylor Vivien F - - 2014
Mercury is a widespread contaminant in marine food webs, and identifying uptake pathways of mercury species, CH3Hg+ and Hg2+, into low trophic level organisms is important to understanding its entry into marine food webs. Enriched stable isotope tracers were used to study benthic vs. pelagic pathways of CH3Hg+ and Hg2+ ...
Chiasson-Gould Sophie - - 2014
Predicting the bioavailability of inorganic mercury (Hg) to bacteria that produce the potent bioaccumulative neurotoxin monomethylmercury remains one of the greatest challenges in predicting the environmental fate and transport of Hg. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) affects mercury methylation due to its influence on cell physiology (as a potential nutrient) and ...
Mikushi Shinya S Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 600 North Wolfe Street, Phipps 160, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA; Department of Gerodontology Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45, Yushima, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8549, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examined the temporospatial characteristics of stage I oral food transport, in which a piece of solid food is moved from the anterior oral cavity to the postcanine region for chewing. Anteroposterior transport is accomplished by carrying food posteriorly on the surface of the tongue, in contrast to the squeeze-back ...
Lehnert Matthew S MS Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University at Stark, 6000 Frank Ave. NW, North Canton, OH 44720, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The functionality of butterfly mouthparts (proboscis) plays an important role in pollination systems, which is driven by the reward of nectar. Proboscis functionality has been assumed to require action of the sucking pump in the butterfly's head coupled with the straw-like structure. Proper proboscis functionality, however, is also dependent on ...
Kawasaki Tatsuya T Department of Membrane Biochemistry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical - - 2014
Human multidrug and toxic compounds extrusion transporter 1 (hMATE1/SLC47A1) is a H(+)-coupled organic cation exporter responsible for the final step of excretion of various xenobiotics at the kidney and liver. In this study, effects of dietary constituents on hMATE1 mediated drug transport were examined to evaluate possible food-drug interactions. Bergamottin ...
Iriarte Alfredo A Department of Industrial Management and Modeling, Faculty of Engineering, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile. Electronic address: - - 2013
Nowadays, the new international market demands challenge the food producing countries to include the measurement of the environmental impact generated along the production process for their products. In order to comply with the environmentally responsible market requests the measurement of the greenhouse gas emissions of Ecuadorian agricultural goods has been ...
Velderrain-Rodríguez G R GR Research Center for Food & Development (CIAD), AC., Carretera a la Victoria Km 0.6, Hermosillo (83000), Sonora, Mexico. - - 2013
Plant foods are rich in phenolic compounds (PCs) that display multifaceted bioactions in health promotion and disease prevention. To exert their bioactivity, they must be delivered to and absorbed in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, transported in circulation, and reach the target tissues. During the journey from ingestion to target tissues ...
Timilsina Govinda R - - 2014
Various policy instruments along with increasing oil prices have contributed to a sixfold increase in global biofuels production over the last decade (2000-2010). This rapid growth has proved controversial, however, and has raised concerns over potential conflicts with global food security and climate change mitigation. To address these concerns, policy ...
Toydemir Gamze - - 2013
Anthocyanins can contribute to human health through preventing a variety of diseases. The uptake of these compounds from food and the parameters determining uptake efficiency within the human body are still poorly understood. Here we have employed a Caco-2 cell based system to investigate the transport of key antioxidant food ...
Yamamoto H - - 2013
Prosthetic treatment with dentures is often required for the elderly who have reduced swallowing function. Therefore, it is important to understand the relationship between denture-wearing and feeding function from the perspective of swallowing. To clarify changes in bolus transport during feeding in elderly edentulous patients with or without complete dentures. ...
Zhan Xinhua - - 2013
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are potentially carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic to both human and non-human organisms. Dietary intake of PAHs is a dominant route of exposure for the general population where food crops are a major source of dietary PAHs. Over 20% of main food crops contain PAHs that exceed ...
Wonderlich-Tierney Anna - - 2013
Television viewing may contribute to obesity via promotion of sedentary behavior and exposure to food-related commercials. However, the mechanisms by which food-related commercials promote food intake are not well understood. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of television advertisements on food intake according to ...
Banks M L - - 2013
There is currently no Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmacotherapy for cocaine addiction. Monoamine releasers such as d-amphetamine constitute one class of candidate medications, but clinical use and acceptance are hindered by their own high abuse liability. Phendimetrazine is a schedule III anorectic agent that functions as both a low-potency monoamine ...
González David - - 2013
The aim of this study was to obtain data from refrigerated ready-to-eat seafood products at retail in Spain (young eels, crabstick and smoked salmon), regarding prevalence and levels of Listeria monocytogenes, storage temperatures and the impact of transport conditions (type of bag) on the temperature of the product. The one-year ...
Demartini Tori L - - 2013
Despite evidence that food insecurity negatively impacts child health, health care providers play little role in addressing the issue. To inform potential primary care interventions, we sought to assess a range of challenges faced by food insecure (FI) families coming to an urban, pediatric primary care setting. A cross-sectional study ...
Vázquez M - - 2013
Food is the main pathway of exposure to mercury for most of the population. In food, mercury is generally present as inorganic mercury [Hg(II)] or methylmercury [MeHg]. Both chemical forms have some degree of toxicity, especially MeHg, which is considered a powerful neurotoxicant during development and is classified as a ...
Mo Haizhen - - 2013
To compare the content of bioaccessible folate, vitamin B12, and isoflavones in tofu and tempe, as influenced by soybean variety and food processing, particularly fermentation. Raw soybeans contained 2207-2671μg/kg (dry matter) folate, cooked tempe 1493-4143, and cooked tofu 968-1273μg/kg, the difference was attributed to the fermentation in tempe. Vitamin B12 ...
Schroeder Julian I JI Division of Biological Sciences, Food and Fuel for the 21st Century Center, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0116, USA. - - 2013
With the global population predicted to grow by at least 25 per cent by 2050, the need for sustainable production of nutritious foods is critical for human and environmental health. Recent advances show that specialized plant membrane transporters can be used to enhance yields of staple crops, increase nutrient content ...
Wang Wen-Xiong - - 2013
In this study, the aqueous uptake and dietary assimilation (trophic transfer) of two endocrine disrupting compounds (dioxin and phathalic acid) in the green mussel Perna viridis were quantified. During short-term exposure period, dioxin rapidly sorbed onto phytoplankton and its accumulation was much higher than that of phthalate. The uptake of ...
Yonemori Kim M - - 2013
Choline and betaine are important nutrients for human health, but reference food composition databases for these nutrients became available only recently. We tested the feasibility of using these databases to estimate dietary choline and betaine intakes among ethnically diverse adults who participated in the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) Study. Of the ...
Goss Kai-Uwe - - 2013
The assessment of chemicals as bioaccumulative in the regulatory process makes use of the bioconcentration factor as a metric. However, this metric does not account for the dietary uptake route and therefore cannot be applied to terrestrial food chains. Over the last years the biomagnification factor, BMF, and the trophic ...
H Karasov William - - 2013
In vertebrates and invertebrates, morphological and functional features of gastrointestinal (GI) tracts generally reflect food chemistry, such as content of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and material(s) refractory to rapid digestion (e.g., cellulose). The expression of digestive enzymes and nutrient transporters approximately matches the dietary load of their respective substrates, with relatively ...
- - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is publishing an order granting a petition requesting exemption from premarket notification requirements for powered patient transport devices commonly known as stairway chair lifts. These devices are used to assist in the transfer of a person with a mobility impairment caused by injury or ...
Taniguchi Hiroshige - - 2013
When chewing solid food, part of the bolus is propelled into the oropharynx before swallowing; this is named stage II transport (St2Tr). However, the tongue movement patterns that comprise St2Tr remain unclear. We investigated coronal jaw and tongue movements using videofluorography. Fourteen healthy young adults ate 6 g each of banana, ...
Mackay Don - - 2013
Five widely used metrics of bioaccumulation in fish are defined and discussed, namely the octanol-water partition coefficient (K(OW) ), bioconcentration factor (BCF), bioaccumulation factor (BAF), biomagnification factor (BMF) and trophic magnification factor (TMF). Algebraic relationships between these metrics are developed and discussed using conventional expressions for chemical uptake from water ...
Ward Paul R - - 2013
Healthy food is becoming increasingly expensive, and families on low incomes face a difficult financial struggle to afford healthy food. When food costs are considered, families on low incomes often face circumstances of poverty. Housing, utilities, health care, and transport are somewhat fixed in cost; however food is more flexible ...
Coles Leah - - 2012
Calculating the physiologically available energy of food at the cellular level (ATP), based on known stoichiometric relationships and predicted nutrient uptake from the human digestive tract may be more accurate than using currently available factorial or empirical models for estimating dietary energy. The objective was to develop a model that ...
Chew S C SC Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, - - 2012
Data on folate availability of Malaysian cooked foods would be useful for estimation of dietary folate intake; however such information is scarce. A total of 53 samples of frequently consumed foods in Malaysia were selected from the Nutrient Composition of Malaysian Foods. Folate content was determined using HPLC method hyphenated ...
Fuller Daniel D Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal and Département de Médecine Sociale et Préventive, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada. - - 2013
A consistent body of research has shown that the neighborhood food environment is associated with fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and obesity in deprived neighborhoods in the United States. However, these studies have often neglected to consider how transportation can moderate associations between food accessibility and diet-related outcomes. This study ...
Torralba Karina D - - 2012
Diet plays a significant role in the development of gout and hyperuricemia. Gout and hyperuricemia have likewise been associated with the development of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Epidemiological studies have shown that certain foods influence levels of serum uric acid and the risk for development of gout.This article reviews ...
Yu Yingxin - - 2012
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) are widely detected in the environment, although they have been banned in China since 1980s. To better understand the route-specific daily uptake of the pesticides by humans, a total of 322 food, dust, and air samples were collected in Shanghai, China, during 2008-2011. The median ...
Charalampopoulos Dimitris - - 2012
A wealth of information has been gathered over the past 15 years on prebiotics through experimental, animal and human studies, with the aim to understand the mechanism of actions and elucidate their beneficial health effects to the human host. Significant amount of evidence exists for their ability to increase the ...
Huang Deborah L - - 2012
We examined where midlife and older adults with a mobility disability accessed food outside the home in King County, Washington, USA, how they travelled to these food destinations, and facilitators and barriers to food access using qualitative interviews. Thirty-five adults aged ≥50 years with a mobility disability (defined as use ...
Garg V K - - 2011
This paper reports the vermicomposting of food industry sludges (FIS) mixed with different organic wastes employing Eisenia fetida. A total of 10 vermicomposting units containing different wastes combinations were established. After 15weeks significant increase in total nitrogen (N(total)) (60-214%), total available phosphorous (P(avail)) (35.8-69.6%), total sodium (Na(total)) (39-95%), and total ...
Scheulen Max E - - 2011
PURPOSE: S-1 is a novel oral fluoropyrimidine comprised of FT and two modulators, gimeracil (CDHP) and oteracil potassium (Oxo). This study investigated the food effects on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of Oxo, other components of S-1, and their metabolites at different gastric pH adjusted by proton pump inhibitor (PPI). METHODS: Patients ...
Nilsson Rolf E - - 2012
Alkaline solutions are used to clean food production environments but the role of alkaline resistance in persistent food factory contamination by Listeria monocytogenes is unknown. We used shotgun proteomics to characterise alkaline adapted L. monocytogenes recovered as persistent and transient food factory contaminants. Three unrelated strains were studied including two persistent ...
Gomes A A - - 2011
The complex metabolism of probiotic bacteria requires several technological options to guarantee the functionally of probiotic dairy foods during the shelf life. This research aimed to evaluate the effect of the supplementation of increasing amounts of Lactobacillus acidophilus (0, 0.4, or 0.8g/L of milk) on the physicochemical parameters and sensory ...
Veluchamy Prabhawathi - - 2011
Subtilisin was immobilized on polycaprolactam and used for food packaging applications in order to reduce the transference of microorganism from the packaging material to the packaged food material. Optimized condition for subtilisin immobilization was pH - 8, temperature - 4 °C, Glutaraldehyde - 0.5%, incubation time - 25 h and ...
Zeeb Benjamin - - 2011
This study assessed the stabilizing effect of enzymatic cross-linking on double-coated emulsions (beet pectin - fish gelatin). The beet pectin layer was cross-linked via ferulic acid groups using laccase (an enzyme that is known to catalyze the oxidation of phenolic groups). Fish gelatin-coated oil droplets (primary emulsion) were mixed at ...
Ochoa Juan B - - 2011
The creation of a medical food with potential health benefits for a particular patient population is a surprisingly complex process. Fortunately, the developmental process for a specific medical food is not as rigorous or as tightly regulated as that of a pharmaceutical agent. However, numerous factors unique to the enteral ...
Mills Susan - - 2011
Before a probiotic bacterium can even begin to fulfill its biological role, it must survive a battery of environmental stresses imposed during food processing and passage through the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Food processing stresses include extremes in temperature, as well as osmotic, oxidative and food matrix stresses. Passage through the ...
Michelland R J - - 2011
This work aimed to study the changes over time in the bacterial communities associated with the fluid and food particle fractions of the cow rumen following a change in diet. Four cannulated cows were fed a hay-based diet for 21 days and were then switched to a corn-silage-based diet for 33 days. ...
Xiao Dan - - 2011
Antimicrobial delivery systems have been proposed as potential solutions to improve effectiveness of antimicrobials in food matrices by shielding antimicrobials from contacting food matrix components and releasing them continuously. In this work, spray-dried capsules were produced from zein solutions with same concentrations of nisin and thymol but with varying Tween ...
Mohaibes Mohammed - - 2011
This study was carried out to quantify and identify the presence of somatic coliphages, RNA coliphages, sulphite-reducing clostridia, Clostridium tyrobutyricum or its related clostridia, faecal coliforms, enterococci and heterotrophs in a mixture of cattle slurry and waste food (whey and jam) that had undergone aerobic thermophilic treatment (ATT). We also ...
Cui Fenghao - - 2011
A process combining pilot-scale two-phase anaerobic digestion and shortcut biological nitrogen removal (SBNR) was developed to treat organics and nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) from food wastewater. The thermophilic two-phase anaerobic digestion process was investigated without adjusting the pH of the wastewater for the pre-acidification process. The digested food wastewater was ...
Shlieout George - - 2011
Background and Objectives: In clinical practice, the need sometimes arises to administer pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy via gastrostomy tube (G-tube) by mixing the pellets contained in the capsules with soft food. The objective of this study was to identify G-tubes that allow administration of pancrelipase gastro-resistant pellets without clogging, sticking, ...
Yuan Xiakun - - 2011
The objective of the study was to assess the effect of ciprofloxacin antibiotic on the physiological or phenotypic characteristics of food-borne toxigenic Fusarium graminearum and F. avenaceum molds under in vitro conditions. In the presence of ciprofloxacin, Fusarium mycelia growth and morphology were altered based on the antibiotic concentration range ...
Xiao Dan - - 2011
Food grade antimicrobial delivery systems were studied in this work to enhance the effectiveness of antimicrobials inhibiting the growth of Listeria monocytogenes during storage. Corn zein was used as a carrier biopolymer and nisin and thymol as antimicrobials. Capsules produced by spray drying demonstrated different microstructures and release characteristics of ...
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