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Rigacci Stefania S Department of Experimental and Clinical Biomedical Sciences 'Mario Serio,' University of Florence, Viale Morgagni, 50, 50134 Florence, - - 2014
A common molecular feature of amyloid neurodegenerative diseases is the unfolding/misfolding of specific proteins/peptides which consequently become prone to aggregate into toxic assemblies and deposits that are the key histopathological trait of these pathologies. Apart from the rare early-onset familiar forms, these neurodegenerative diseases are age-associated disorders whose symptoms appear ...
Kim Hyun Young HY Advanced Radiation Technology Institute, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup, Jeonbuk 580-185, Republic of Korea; School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), 261 Cheomdan-gwagiro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712, Republic of - - 2014
The potential bioaccumulation and distribution of antibiotics in non-target organisms have been inadequately studied in spite of their widespread occurrence in aquatic systems. We investigated the ability of tetracycline to bioaccumulate through aqueous and dietary routes in an aquatic organism, the freshwater crustacean Daphnia magna. D. magna was exposed to ...
Xie Liqiang L State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 73 East Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008, PR - - 2014
Gastropods are an important food source for aquatic animals, and have been demonstrated to transfer microcystin (MC) to higher trophic levels through the food web. In this study, we performed an oral administration experiment to evaluate whether naringin can inhibit MC-LR uptake in the freshwater snail Sinotaia histrica. We also ...
Li Chunlei C Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433, People's Republic of - - 2014
To obtain a comprehensive understanding of the main source and route of human exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), the daily intake and uptakes through inhalation, ingestion, and dermal contact for Shanghai residents were estimated on the basis of the PBDE concentrations in the air obtained in the present study ...
Watts Andrew James Russell - - 2014
Microplastics, plastics particles <5mm in length, are a widespread pollutant of the marine environment. Oral ingestion of microplastics has been reported for a wide range of marine biota, but uptake into the body by other routes has received less attention. Here, we test the hypothesis that the shore crab (Carcinus ...
Chua Evan - - 2014
Microplastic particles (MPPs; <1 mm) are found in skin cleansing soaps and are released into the environment via the sewage system. MPPs in the environment can sorb persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that can potentially be assimilated by organisms mistaking MPPs for food. Amphipods (Allorchestes compressa) exposed to MPPs isolated from ...
Skjolding L M LM Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Miljøvej, B113, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark, - - 2014
This study presents a series of short-term studies (total duration 48 h) of uptake and depuration of engineered nanoparticles (ENP) in neonate Daphnia magna. Gold nanoparticles (Au NP) were used to study the influence of size, stabilizing agent and feeding on uptake and depuration kinetics and animal body burdens. 10 and ...
Mensi Azza - - 2014
Food fortification is a strategy to overcome vitamin A deficiency in developing countries. Our aim was to investigate the involvement of the bovine milk protein β-lactoglobulin (β-Lg), a potential retinoid carrier, in vitamin A absorption. In vivo experiments were conducted by force-feeding mice with retinol or β-carotene associated with either ...
Rizzo Andrea A Laboratorio de Análisis por Activación Neutrónica, Centro Atómico Bariloche, CNEA, Av. Bustillo km 9.5, 8400, Bariloche, - - 2014
The incorporation and trophic transfer of total and methyl mercury (THg, MeHg) were examined in three size classes of plankton (10-53, 53-200, and >200 μm size range) and a small planktivorous fish, Galaxias maculatus, from the large multi-branched Lake Nahuel Huapi (North Patagonia, Argentina). Three sites representing a large range of ...
Bohn Torsten T Centre de Recherche Public - Gabriel Lippmann, Environment and Agro-biotechnologies Department, Belvaux, - - 2014
While many epidemiological studies have associated the consumption of polyphenols within fruits and vegetables with a decreased risk of developing several chronic diseases, intervention studies have generally not confirmed these beneficial effects. The reasons for this discrepancy are not fully understood but include potential differences in dosing, interaction with the ...
Pouillot R R U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the U.S., chicken-breeder farms that supply hatcheries typically store and transport eggs intended for broiler production at a temperature of 18.3 °C (65 °F). However, in case of surplus, some of these eggs may be diverted to human consumption. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's 'Egg Safety Final Rule,' ...
McClements David Julian DJ Biopolymers and Colloids Laboratory, Department of Food Science, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. mcclements@foodsci.umass.edu - - 2014
The oral bioavailability of many lipophilic bioactive agents (pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals) is limited due to various physicochemical and physiological processes: poor release from food or drug matrices; low solubility in gastrointestinal fluids; metabolism or chemical transformation within the gastrointestinal tract; low epithelium cell permeability. The bioavailability of these agents can ...
Mortimer Monika M Environmental Biogeochemistry and Ecotoxicology, Institute F.-A. Forel, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Geneva, 10 route de Suisse, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland; Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics, Akadeemia tee 23, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Protozoa as phagocytizing cells have been shown to integrate engineered nanoparticles (NPs), while the mechanism, dynamics and extent of such uptake are unclear. Here our fluorescence microscopy data showed that CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) with primary size of 12 nm were readily phagocytized into the food vacuoles of Tetrahymena thermophila in ...
Momose Yoshika Y Division of Biomedical Food Research, National Institute of Health Sciences, 1-18-1 Kamiyoga, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 158-8501, - - 2014
In March 2012, two patients were transported urgently to the hospital in Tottori Prefecture, Japan, because of symptoms suggestive of botulism. Botulinum neurotoxin type A was detected in the clinical specimens and the food consumed by the two patients (vacuum packed adzuki-batto, a sweet adzuki bean soup containing noodles). We ...
Taylor Vivien F - - 2014
Mercury is a widespread contaminant in marine food webs, and identifying uptake pathways of mercury species, CH3Hg+ and Hg2+, into low trophic level organisms is important to understanding its entry into marine food webs. Enriched stable isotope tracers were used to study benthic vs. pelagic pathways of CH3Hg+ and Hg2+ ...
Chiasson-Gould Sophie - - 2014
Predicting the bioavailability of inorganic mercury (Hg) to bacteria that produce the potent bioaccumulative neurotoxin monomethylmercury remains one of the greatest challenges in predicting the environmental fate and transport of Hg. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) affects mercury methylation due to its influence on cell physiology (as a potential nutrient) and ...
Mikushi Shinya S Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 600 North Wolfe Street, Phipps 160, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA; Department of Gerodontology Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45, Yushima, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8549, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examined the temporospatial characteristics of stage I oral food transport, in which a piece of solid food is moved from the anterior oral cavity to the postcanine region for chewing. Anteroposterior transport is accomplished by carrying food posteriorly on the surface of the tongue, in contrast to the squeeze-back ...
Lehnert Matthew S MS Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University at Stark, 6000 Frank Ave. NW, North Canton, OH 44720, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The functionality of butterfly mouthparts (proboscis) plays an important role in pollination systems, which is driven by the reward of nectar. Proboscis functionality has been assumed to require action of the sucking pump in the butterfly's head coupled with the straw-like structure. Proper proboscis functionality, however, is also dependent on ...
Kawasaki Tatsuya T Department of Membrane Biochemistry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical - - 2014
Human multidrug and toxic compounds extrusion transporter 1 (hMATE1/SLC47A1) is a H(+)-coupled organic cation exporter responsible for the final step of excretion of various xenobiotics at the kidney and liver. In this study, effects of dietary constituents on hMATE1 mediated drug transport were examined to evaluate possible food-drug interactions. Bergamottin ...
Janssen S S Institute for Microsensors, Actuators and Systems (IMSAS), University of Bremen, , Otto-Hahn-Allee NW1, 28359 Bremen, - - 2014
Two important parameters are often neglected in the monitoring of perishable goods during transport: mould contamination of fresh food and the influence of acceleration or vibration on the quality of a product. We assert the claim that it is necessary to focus research on these two topics in the context ...
Ayaso Raghad R Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-0236, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon. - - 2014
The macronutrient composition of the diet has been shown to affect food intake, with proteins having distinct effects. The present study investigated the effect of diet supplementation with individual amino acids (tryptophan, lysine, arginine, proline and threonine) on meal pattern among male rats. Meal pattern and body weight were monitored ...
Wang Pu P State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, - - 2014
The sources of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) found in animal feed additive (feed grade cupric sulfate, CuSO4) were investigated and traced back to the formation of chlorinated organic compounds in the chlor-alkali industry. PCDD/Fs could be transported through the supply chain: hydrochloric acid (HCl) by-produced during formation of chlorinated organic compounds ...
Cancelliere Emma C EC Department of Anthropology, Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, New York, United States of America; New York Consortium in Evolutionary Primatology, New York, New York, United States of - - 2014
Minerals are critical to an individual's health and fitness, and yet little is known about mineral nutrition and requirements in free-ranging primates. We estimated the mineral content of foods consumed by mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Mountain gorillas acquire the majority of their ...
Iriarte Alfredo A Department of Industrial Management and Modeling, Faculty of Engineering, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile. Electronic address: - - 2013
Nowadays, the new international market demands challenge the food producing countries to include the measurement of the environmental impact generated along the production process for their products. In order to comply with the environmentally responsible market requests the measurement of the greenhouse gas emissions of Ecuadorian agricultural goods has been ...
Velderrain-Rodríguez G R GR Research Center for Food & Development (CIAD), AC., Carretera a la Victoria Km 0.6, Hermosillo (83000), Sonora, Mexico. - - 2013
Plant foods are rich in phenolic compounds (PCs) that display multifaceted bioactions in health promotion and disease prevention. To exert their bioactivity, they must be delivered to and absorbed in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, transported in circulation, and reach the target tissues. During the journey from ingestion to target tissues ...
Timilsina Govinda R - - 2014
Various policy instruments along with increasing oil prices have contributed to a sixfold increase in global biofuels production over the last decade (2000-2010). This rapid growth has proved controversial, however, and has raised concerns over potential conflicts with global food security and climate change mitigation. To address these concerns, policy ...
Toydemir Gamze - - 2013
Anthocyanins can contribute to human health through preventing a variety of diseases. The uptake of these compounds from food and the parameters determining uptake efficiency within the human body are still poorly understood. Here we have employed a Caco-2 cell based system to investigate the transport of key antioxidant food ...
Yamamoto H - - 2013
Prosthetic treatment with dentures is often required for the elderly who have reduced swallowing function. Therefore, it is important to understand the relationship between denture-wearing and feeding function from the perspective of swallowing. To clarify changes in bolus transport during feeding in elderly edentulous patients with or without complete dentures. ...
Zhan Xinhua - - 2013
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are potentially carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic to both human and non-human organisms. Dietary intake of PAHs is a dominant route of exposure for the general population where food crops are a major source of dietary PAHs. Over 20% of main food crops contain PAHs that exceed ...
Wonderlich-Tierney Anna - - 2013
Television viewing may contribute to obesity via promotion of sedentary behavior and exposure to food-related commercials. However, the mechanisms by which food-related commercials promote food intake are not well understood. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of television advertisements on food intake according to ...
Banks M L - - 2013
There is currently no Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmacotherapy for cocaine addiction. Monoamine releasers such as d-amphetamine constitute one class of candidate medications, but clinical use and acceptance are hindered by their own high abuse liability. Phendimetrazine is a schedule III anorectic agent that functions as both a low-potency monoamine ...
González David - - 2013
The aim of this study was to obtain data from refrigerated ready-to-eat seafood products at retail in Spain (young eels, crabstick and smoked salmon), regarding prevalence and levels of Listeria monocytogenes, storage temperatures and the impact of transport conditions (type of bag) on the temperature of the product. The one-year ...
Demartini Tori L - - 2013
Despite evidence that food insecurity negatively impacts child health, health care providers play little role in addressing the issue. To inform potential primary care interventions, we sought to assess a range of challenges faced by food insecure (FI) families coming to an urban, pediatric primary care setting. A cross-sectional study ...
Vázquez M - - 2013
Food is the main pathway of exposure to mercury for most of the population. In food, mercury is generally present as inorganic mercury [Hg(II)] or methylmercury [MeHg]. Both chemical forms have some degree of toxicity, especially MeHg, which is considered a powerful neurotoxicant during development and is classified as a ...
Mo Haizhen - - 2013
To compare the content of bioaccessible folate, vitamin B12, and isoflavones in tofu and tempe, as influenced by soybean variety and food processing, particularly fermentation. Raw soybeans contained 2207-2671μg/kg (dry matter) folate, cooked tempe 1493-4143, and cooked tofu 968-1273μg/kg, the difference was attributed to the fermentation in tempe. Vitamin B12 ...
Schroeder Julian I JI Division of Biological Sciences, Food and Fuel for the 21st Century Center, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0116, USA. - - 2013
With the global population predicted to grow by at least 25 per cent by 2050, the need for sustainable production of nutritious foods is critical for human and environmental health. Recent advances show that specialized plant membrane transporters can be used to enhance yields of staple crops, increase nutrient content ...
Wang Wen-Xiong - - 2013
In this study, the aqueous uptake and dietary assimilation (trophic transfer) of two endocrine disrupting compounds (dioxin and phathalic acid) in the green mussel Perna viridis were quantified. During short-term exposure period, dioxin rapidly sorbed onto phytoplankton and its accumulation was much higher than that of phthalate. The uptake of ...
Yonemori Kim M KM Epidemiology Program, University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI, - - 2013
Choline and betaine are important nutrients for human health, but reference food composition databases for these nutrients became available only recently. We tested the feasibility of using these databases to estimate dietary choline and betaine intakes among ethnically diverse adults who participated in the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) Study. Of the ...
Goss Kai-Uwe - - 2013
The assessment of chemicals as bioaccumulative in the regulatory process makes use of the bioconcentration factor as a metric. However, this metric does not account for the dietary uptake route and therefore cannot be applied to terrestrial food chains. Over the last years the biomagnification factor, BMF, and the trophic ...
H Karasov William - - 2013
In vertebrates and invertebrates, morphological and functional features of gastrointestinal (GI) tracts generally reflect food chemistry, such as content of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and material(s) refractory to rapid digestion (e.g., cellulose). The expression of digestive enzymes and nutrient transporters approximately matches the dietary load of their respective substrates, with relatively ...
- - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is publishing an order granting a petition requesting exemption from premarket notification requirements for powered patient transport devices commonly known as stairway chair lifts. These devices are used to assist in the transfer of a person with a mobility impairment caused by injury or ...
Taniguchi Hiroshige - - 2013
When chewing solid food, part of the bolus is propelled into the oropharynx before swallowing; this is named stage II transport (St2Tr). However, the tongue movement patterns that comprise St2Tr remain unclear. We investigated coronal jaw and tongue movements using videofluorography. Fourteen healthy young adults ate 6 g each of banana, ...
Mackay Don - - 2013
Five widely used metrics of bioaccumulation in fish are defined and discussed, namely the octanol-water partition coefficient (K(OW) ), bioconcentration factor (BCF), bioaccumulation factor (BAF), biomagnification factor (BMF) and trophic magnification factor (TMF). Algebraic relationships between these metrics are developed and discussed using conventional expressions for chemical uptake from water ...
Ward Paul R - - 2013
Healthy food is becoming increasingly expensive, and families on low incomes face a difficult financial struggle to afford healthy food. When food costs are considered, families on low incomes often face circumstances of poverty. Housing, utilities, health care, and transport are somewhat fixed in cost; however food is more flexible ...
Coles Leah - - 2012
Calculating the physiologically available energy of food at the cellular level (ATP), based on known stoichiometric relationships and predicted nutrient uptake from the human digestive tract may be more accurate than using currently available factorial or empirical models for estimating dietary energy. The objective was to develop a model that ...
Chew S C SC Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, - - 2012
Data on folate availability of Malaysian cooked foods would be useful for estimation of dietary folate intake; however such information is scarce. A total of 53 samples of frequently consumed foods in Malaysia were selected from the Nutrient Composition of Malaysian Foods. Folate content was determined using HPLC method hyphenated ...
Fuller Daniel D Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal and Département de Médecine Sociale et Préventive, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada. - - 2013
A consistent body of research has shown that the neighborhood food environment is associated with fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and obesity in deprived neighborhoods in the United States. However, these studies have often neglected to consider how transportation can moderate associations between food accessibility and diet-related outcomes. This study ...
Torralba Karina D - - 2012
Diet plays a significant role in the development of gout and hyperuricemia. Gout and hyperuricemia have likewise been associated with the development of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Epidemiological studies have shown that certain foods influence levels of serum uric acid and the risk for development of gout.This article reviews ...
Yu Yingxin - - 2012
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) are widely detected in the environment, although they have been banned in China since 1980s. To better understand the route-specific daily uptake of the pesticides by humans, a total of 322 food, dust, and air samples were collected in Shanghai, China, during 2008-2011. The median ...
Charalampopoulos Dimitris - - 2012
A wealth of information has been gathered over the past 15 years on prebiotics through experimental, animal and human studies, with the aim to understand the mechanism of actions and elucidate their beneficial health effects to the human host. Significant amount of evidence exists for their ability to increase the ...
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