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Pelham-Burn Sophie E SE Human Nutrition Unit, Department of Oncology, University of Sheffield, - - 2014
The prevalence of homelessness in the UK is rising, and demand for food aid through charitable meal services has increased. Charitable services make a substantial contribution to the food and nutrient intake of vulnerable people, and thus offer a platform for dietary improvement. This study examined food provision by a ...
Ma Qingguo Q aSchool of Management bNeuromanagement Lab, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou cJinan Military General Hospital, Jinan, People's Republic of China dSchool of Industrial & Systems Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2014
Tastes and claims about unhealthy food are important factors that affect consumption. This study investigated the correlation of the event-related potential (ERP) of the evaluation of processing of food information with the task of positive judgment. Given the information on possible diseases that arise with food consumption, sweet-tasting food elicited ...
Wich Serge A SA School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, James Parsons Building, Byrom Street, Liverpool L3 3AF, UK; Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Expansion of oil palm plantations has led to extensive wildlife habitat conversion in Southeast Asia [1]. This expansion is driven by a global demand for palm oil for products ranging from foods to detergents [2], and more recently for biofuels [3]. The negative impacts of oil palm development on biodiversity ...
Wyness Laura L Senior Research Fellow, School of Health Sciences, Dietetics, Nutrition & Biological Sciences, Queen Margaret University, - - 2014
The prevalence of reported cases of asthma and allergic disease has seen a marked increase throughout the world since the 1960s, particularly in more developed, westernised countries. A key focus of research in this area has been the possible adverse effects of foetal and infant exposure to food allergens. There ...
Kim Mina K MK Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Dongguk Univ.-Seoul, 26 3-Ga, Pil-dong, Jung-gu, Seoul, 100-715, Republic of - - 2014
Reduction of dietary sodium intake by lowering amount of sodium in foods is a global industry target. Quantitative information on current consumer knowledge of sodium reduction trends in Korea is unknown. The objective of this study was to quantify the consumer knowledge and awareness of sodium and salt reduction in ...
Morris Adam D AD School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, - - 2014
The bioaccumulation of current use pesticides (CUPs) and stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen were investigated in vegetation-caribou-wolf food chain in the Bathurst region (Nunavut, Canada). Volumetric bioconcentration factors (BCFv ) in vegetation were generally greatest for dacthal (10-12) ≥ endosulfan sulfate (10-11) > ß-endosulfan (>9.0-9.7) ≥ pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB; 8.4-9.6) > α-endosulfan (8.3-9.3) > chlorpyrifos (8.0-8.7) >chlorothalonil (7.6-8.3). The BCFv ...
Monge-Rojas Rafael R Nutrition and Health Unit, Costa Rican Institute for Research and Education on Nutrition and Health (INCIENSA), Ministry of Health, Tres Ríos, Costa Rica. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about the distinct perceptions towards rice and beans that may shape the consumption of these main staple foods among Costa Ricans. We aimed to identify barriers and motivators that could change the current staple into a healthier one, and assess the sensory perceptions of these foods in ...
Chadwick Darren David DD The University of Wolverhampton, Psychology, MH Building, City Campus, Wulfruna Street, Wolverhampton WV11LY, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Eating and drinking problems are common among people with intellectual disabilities. Having a compromised swallow or being at risk of inadequate nutrition are two reasons for introducing non-oral feeding. Such procedures involve creation of an external opening for food and drink to be delivered directly into the stomach through a ...
Hubbard Kristie L - - 2014
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently report child food refusal based on characteristics of food. Our study sought to determine whether parent report of food refusal based on the characteristics of food was greater in children with ASD than in typically developing children, associated with a greater ...
Hoppu U U Functional Foods Forum, University of Turku, Turku, - - 2014
The hTAS2R38 taste receptor genotype is related to bitter taste perception and thus may affect food preferences. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the hTAS2R38 genotype and the food consumption and nutrient intakes of Finnish children aged 2-6 years. Dietary intake was assessed with 7-day food records, and ...
Tilley Falon F 1Department of Exercise Science,Arnold School of Public Health,University of South Carolina,921 Assembly Street,Columbia,SC - - 2014
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The National Afterschool Association (NAA) standards specify the role of summer day camps (SDC) in promoting healthy nutrition habits of the children attending, identifying foods and beverages to be provided to children and staff roles in promoting good nutrition habits. However, many SDC do not provide meals. Currently, ...
Drewnowski A A Center for Public Health Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
The 2010 Dietary Guidelines recommended that Americans increase potassium and decrease sodium intakes to reduce the burden of hypertension. One reason why so few Americans meet the recommended potassium or sodium goals may be perceived or actual food costs. This study explored the monetary costs associated with potassium and sodium ...
Cornelsen Laura L Department of Global Health and Development, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), London WC1E 7HT, UK Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research on Agriculture and Health (LCIRAH), London WC1H 0PD, - - 2014
Increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has led policy-makers to consider health-related taxes to limit the consumption of unhealthy foods and beverages. Such taxes are currently already in place in countries in Europe (e.g. Hungary, France and Finland) and in various states in the USA. Although these taxes are possibly ...
Gutjar Swetlana S Top Institute Food and Nutrition, Nieuwe Kanaal 9, Wageningen, The Netherlands; Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study compared how intrinsic (sensory) and extrinsic (packaging) product properties influence actual food choice in combination with the concept of product appropriateness in a specific consumption context. Food choice of seven test products was measured in three breakfast sessions within a simulated cafeteria setting with subsequent product consumption. ...
Antman Elliott M - - 2014
A 2-day interactive forum was convened to discuss the current status and future implications of reducing sodium in the food supply and to identify opportunities for stakeholder collaboration. Participants included 128 stakeholders engaged in food research and development, food manufacturing and retail, restaurant and food service operations, regulatory and legislative ...
Patel Sheena M SM Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Current recommendations target sodium reduction in the food supply and intake; however, information is limited on consumer readiness for these actions. Prevalence and determinants of consumer agreement for government restriction of manufacturers and restaurants putting excess salt in food and support for policies limiting sodium content of quick service restaurant ...
Elliott C D CD Department of Communication and Culture, University of Calgary, Calgary, - - 2014
Sugar and sodium levels in packaged foods is a critical consideration when it comes to the public health of Americans, yet little is known about the sugar and salt contained in packaged foods targeted at our youngest consumers. To examine the sugar and sodium content of packaged baby and toddler ...
Toshifumi Imada I North American Research and Innovation Center Ajinomoto North America, Inc. 400 Kelby Street, Fort Lee, NJ 07024, - - 2014
Monosodium L-glutamate (MSG) and inosine monophosphate-5 (IMP) are flavor enhancers for umami taste. However, their effects on appetite and food intake are not well-researched. The objective of the current study was to test their additions in a broth preload on subsequent appetite ratings, energy intake and food choice. Eighty-six healthy ...
Ariza-Paredes Maureen M MM Department of Human Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Olfaction is critical to the hedonic appreciation of foods, caloric regulation of food intake, quality of life and taste preferences since birth. However, malnutrition in newborns down-regulates chemosensory function. Thus, olfactory measures might be used as early markers of chemosensory dysfunction in malnutrition, and may also be useful in assessing ...
Picq Christian C Université Montpellier 2 , Montpellier , France - - 2014
Abstract In this study, we determined, by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, the potassium amount leached by soaking or boiling foods identified by children suffering from chronic renal failure as "pleasure food" and that they cannot eat because of their low-potassium diet, and evaluated whether addition of sodium polystyrene sulfonate resin (i.e. ...
Eikenaar Cas C Institute of Avian Research, An der Vogelwarte 21, 26386 Wilhelmshaven, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Elevated baseline corticosterone levels function to mobilize energy in predictable life-history stages, such as bird migration. At the same time, baseline corticosterone has a permissive effect on the accumulation of fat stores (fueling) needed for migratory flight. Most migrants alternate flight bouts with stopovers, during which they replenish fuel used ...
Suto Teiko T Division of Geriatric Behavioral Neurology, CYRIC, Tohoku University, Sendai, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: In dementia patients, dietary intake problems may occur despite the absence of swallowing problems. We investigated cognitive functions on food and taste in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) patients. Methods: Participants included 15 healthy controls (HC), 30 AD and 20 VaD patients. Food Cognition Test: Replicas ...
Esteve Agelet Lidia L Department of Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) analysis at the single seed level is a useful tool for breeders, farmers, feeding facilities, and food companies according to current researches. As a non-destructive technique, NIRS allows for the selection and classification of seeds according to specific traits and attributes without alteration of their properties. ...
Iqbal Romaina R Departments of Community Health Sciences/ Pathology and Microbiology3 / Family Medicine4, The Aga Khan University Hospital, - - 2014
Objective: To develop and validate a food frequency table (FFQ) for use in urban Pakistani population. Study Design: A validation study. Place and Duration of Study: The Aga Khan University, Karachi, from June to November 2008. Methodology: Healthy adult females, aged ³ 18 years who consented to be included in ...
Wallace Taylor C TC a Department of Scientific & Regulatory Affairs , Council for Responsible Nutrition , Washington , - - 2014
Objective: Multivitamin/mineral (MVMM) supplements are the most common dietary supplements consumed in the United States; however, intake data specific to how MVMM use contributes to micronutrient intakes among Americans are absent from the current scientific literature. Methods: This analysis aimed to assess contributions of micronutrients to usual intakes derived from ...
Choi Hojoon H a Jack J. Valenti School of Communication , College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, University of Houston , Houston , Texas , - - 2014
This study applies the concepts of health halos and unhealthy = tasty intuition to examine how the different health and nutrition-related (HNR) appeal types interact with different food product types compared with taste claims. The experiment investigated the impact of benefit-seeking and risk-avoidance HNR appeals compared with that of taste appeals on ...
Macdonald H M HM School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, AB252ZD, UK, - - 2014
Concern about calcium supplements, and mainly minor side effects (e.g. constipation) impacting on compliance, means that assessing dietary calcium intake is important. There is no suitable biomarker. Compared to food diaries, a short questionnaire was an efficient way of confirming that patients had adequate calcium intakes (>700 or >1,000 mg) INTRODUCTION: ...
Nikic Marina M University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sports and Physical Education, Belgrade, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the nutrient intakes of elite junior basketball players in comparison to non-athletes. A previously designed food frequency questionnaire was undertaken by 57 male elite junior basketball players 15-16 years of age and 53 non-athlete peers. Mean estimated energy intake was more than ...
Kekic Maria M Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, 16 De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity and eating disorders, such as bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge-eating disorder (BED), can be conceptualised as forms of addiction. Food cravings are thought to precipitate the compulsive overeating that is seen in these conditions. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been used to suppress food cravings, but there is ...
Ristl Konstantin K Institut für Festkörperphysik, TU Darmstadt, Hochschulstraße 6, D-64289 Darmstadt, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigate the stability of a diamond food-web module on two patches coupled by migration in terms of robustness, which is the proportion of surviving species in the system. The parameters are chosen such that the dynamics on an isolated patch have a periodic attractor with all four species present ...
Neupane Shristi S Department of Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 750 E. Adams Street, Syracuse, NY 13210, - - 2014
In the present article we aim to bring forward the apparent disconnect between two US government-sponsored entities - the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) - regarding the safe upper limit of Ca intake. In light of the 2011 US Congress-appointed IOM report indicating an ...
Tucker Robin M RM Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, - - 2014
Evidence supporting a "taste" cue from fat in the oral cavity continues to accrue. The proposed stimuli for fat taste, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), are released from food through hydrolytic rancidity and lipase activity derived from foods or saliva. NEFA must then be released from the food matrix, negotiate the ...
Letona P P 1] Cardiovascular Unit of Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala [2] INCAP Comprehensive Center for the Prevention of Chronic Diseases, Guatemala, - - 2014
Background:Marketing of high-energy, low-nutrient foods is one of the contributing factors to the obesity-promoting environment. Licensed characters are typically used to market these foods to children because they increase brand recognition and sales, and data suggests that they affect the taste and snack preferences of children in high income countries, ...
Soto Paul L PL Department of Educational Psychology and Leadership, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, 79410, USA, - - 2014
A previous study showed that dopamine (DA) D2 receptors (D2Rs) are involved in the reinforcing effectiveness of food, but the specific involvement of DA D2Rs in choice among food reinforcers remains unclear. The current study used genetic and pharmacological approaches to assess the role of D2Rs in choice among food-reinforcement ...
Weibel Christian C University of Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Based on the self-licensing literature and goal theory, we expected and found that completed (im)moral actions lead to markedly different food choices (Studies 1 & 2) than intended (im)moral actions (Study 2). In Study 1, people more often chose healthy over unhealthy food options when they recalled a completed egoistic ...
Bond Alexander L AL Environment Canada, and Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 11 Innovation Boulevard, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 3H5, - - 2014
Changes in the world's oceans have altered nutrient flow, and affected the viability of predator populations when prey species become unavailable. These changes are integrated into the tissues of apex predators over space and time and can be quantified using stable isotopes in the inert feathers of historical and contemporary ...
Sluijs Ivonne I From the Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands (I.S., J.W.J.B., Y.T.v.d.S., D.E.G.); Department of Nutrition, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital A Paré, Université Versailles St-Quentin, Boulogne, France (S.C.); INSERM U1018, Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Villejuif, France (S.C.); and Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands (J.M.A.B., - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the associations of dietary and total potassium, magnesium, and calcium intakes with stroke occurrence. A prospective cohort study was conducted among 36 094 participants aged 21 to 70 years. Dietary intake was assessed with a food frequency questionnaire. During 12 years of follow-up, 631 strokes occurred. After ...
Kazahari Nobuko N Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University, Kita 9 Nisi 9, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-0809, Japan, - - 2014
Animals have been assumed to employ an optimal foraging strategy (e.g., rate-maximizing strategy). In patchy food environments, intake rate within patches is positively correlated with patch quality, and declines as patches are depleted through consumption. This causes patch-leaving and determines patch residence time. In group-foraging situations, patch residence times are ...
Chuah Ai Mey AM Abbott Nutrition Research and Development, 20 Biopolis Way, Singapore 138668, - - 2014
Curcumin has been shown to have a wide variety of biological activities for various human diseases including inflammation, diabetes and cancer. However, the poor oral bioavailability of curcumin poses a significant pharmacological barrier to its use therapeutically and/or as a functional food. Here we report the evaluation of the bioavailability ...
Benson Kate K Department of Nutrition, University of Tennessee, 1215 W. Cumberland Avenue, JHB 229, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Greater exposure to an orosensory cue could increase habituation rate. This investigation examined salivary habituation during 10 lemon juice trials providing exposure via olfactory, gustatory, and combined systems. Healthy, normal-weight, unrestrained females (age=20.7±2.7year, body mass index [BMI]=22.2±1.5kg/m(2), 70.0% white) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: olfactory (SMELL: n=8), ...
Ganesan Balasubramanian B Dairy Technology and Innovation Laboratory, Western Dairy Center, Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences, Utah State University, Logan 84322. Electronic address: - - 2014
High sodium intake negatively affects consumer health, thus there is active interest in lowering sodium levels in dairy foods. Cheddar and low-moisture, part-skim Mozzarella cheeses were made with total salt levels of 0.7, 1.0, 1.25, 1.35, and 1.8% (wt/wt) in triplicate, thus reducing sodium by 25 to 60%. Multiple manufacturing ...
Hoshi Ayaka A Central Laboratories for Key Technologies, Kirin Company Limited, 1-13-5, Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004, - - 2014
One of the most important themes in the development of foods and drinks is the accurate evaluation of taste properties. In general, a sensory evaluation system is frequently used for evaluating food and drink. This method, which is dependent on human senses, is highly sensitive but is influenced by the ...
To Eric S K ES Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G - - 2014
Conditioned taste avoidance (CTA) helps prevent consumption of dangerous foods. It results from the pairing of a novel food or taste with subsequent aversive consequences, such as illness. Previous studies of CTA in amphibians have produced conflicting results. Establishing the presence or absence of CTA in amphibians is needed to ...
Mennella Julie A JA Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Health initiatives address childhood obesity in part by encouraging good nutrition early in life. This review highlights the science that shows that children naturally prefer higher levels of sweet and salty tastes and reject lower levels of bitter tastes than do adults. Thus, their basic biology does not predispose them ...
Kent M P MP Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
Objective:To assess whether children's exposure to television food/beverage advertising has changed since the implementation of the self-regulatory Canadian Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CAI).Design:Data on 11 advertised food/beverage categories (candy, chocolate bars, cookies, portable snacks, cheese, yogurt, cereal, juices, soft drinks, diet soft drinks and fast food) were purchased ...
Choi Sung Eun - - 2014
Taste intensity to 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) has been demonstrated to affect food acceptance and food intake. Because most PROP status research has been performed among predominantly white subjects, research is needed to test the effects of PROP taste intensity on food acceptance and body weight among racial minorities. This study was ...
Cohen Jennifer J Kids Cancer Centre, Sydney Children's Hospital, High Street, Randwick, NSW, 2031. AUSTRALIA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reduced or altered taste and smell function may occur as a side-effect of cancer therapy. This can lead to altered nutrient and energy intake. Some studies have suggested that taste and smell dysfunction can persist many years after treatment completion but this has not been previously assessed in survivors of ...
Lin Han-Shan HS Department of Oral Hygiene, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between caries experience and daily intake of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), and Ca/P ratio. A total of 2248 schoolchildren were recruited based on a population-based survey. Each participant received a dental examination and questionnaire interviews about the 24-hour ...
Turgeon O'Brien Huguette H a Département des sciences des aliments et de nutrition , Université Laval , Québec , - - 2014
High blood lead levels (BLLs) can be found in Inuit from Nunavik. At the same time, various nutrients such as calcium could lower lead absorption and toxicity. We examined the effect of dietary calcium intakes on BLLs in 245 preschool Inuit children attending childcare centres in Nunavik. Calcium intake was ...
Welsh Ericka M EM Bureau of Health Promotion, Kansas Department of Health and Environment (Drs Welsh and Perveen and Ms Clayton), and Shawnee County Health Agency (Mr Hedberg), Topeka, - - 2014
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and contributes to nearly half of all cardiovascular disease-related deaths in the United States. Even small reductions in sodium intake may lower blood pressure, help prevent the onset of hypertension, or help control blood pressure among hypertensive adults. Current nationally recommended ...
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