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Patel Sheena M SM Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Current recommendations target sodium reduction in the food supply and intake; however, information is limited on consumer readiness for these actions. Prevalence and determinants of consumer agreement for government restriction of manufacturers and restaurants putting excess salt in food and support for policies limiting sodium content of quick service restaurant ...
Picq Christian C Université Montpellier 2 , Montpellier , France - - 2014
Abstract In this study, we determined, by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, the potassium amount leached by soaking or boiling foods identified by children suffering from chronic renal failure as "pleasure food" and that they cannot eat because of their low-potassium diet, and evaluated whether addition of sodium polystyrene sulfonate resin (i.e. ...
Eikenaar Cas C Institute of Avian Research, An der Vogelwarte 21, 26386 Wilhelmshaven, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Elevated baseline corticosterone levels function to mobilize energy in predictable life-history stages, such as bird migration. At the same time, baseline corticosterone has a permissive effect on the accumulation of fat stores (fueling) needed for migratory flight. Most migrants alternate flight bouts with stopovers, during which they replenish fuel used ...
Suto Teiko T Division of Geriatric Behavioral Neurology, CYRIC, Tohoku University, Sendai, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: In dementia patients, dietary intake problems may occur despite the absence of swallowing problems. We investigated cognitive functions on food and taste in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) patients. Methods: Participants included 15 healthy controls (HC), 30 AD and 20 VaD patients. Food Cognition Test: Replicas ...
Esteve Agelet Lidia L Department of Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) analysis at the single seed level is a useful tool for breeders, farmers, feeding facilities, and food companies according to current researches. As a non-destructive technique, NIRS allows for the selection and classification of seeds according to specific traits and attributes without alteration of their properties. ...
Iqbal Romaina R Departments of Community Health Sciences/ Pathology and Microbiology3 / Family Medicine4, The Aga Khan University Hospital, - - 2014
Objective: To develop and validate a food frequency table (FFQ) for use in urban Pakistani population. Study Design: A validation study. Place and Duration of Study: The Aga Khan University, Karachi, from June to November 2008. Methodology: Healthy adult females, aged ³ 18 years who consented to be included in ...
Wallace Taylor C TC a Department of Scientific & Regulatory Affairs , Council for Responsible Nutrition , Washington , - - 2014
Objective: Multivitamin/mineral (MVMM) supplements are the most common dietary supplements consumed in the United States; however, intake data specific to how MVMM use contributes to micronutrient intakes among Americans are absent from the current scientific literature. Methods: This analysis aimed to assess contributions of micronutrients to usual intakes derived from ...
Choi Hojoon H a Jack J. Valenti School of Communication , College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, University of Houston , Houston , Texas , - - 2014
This study applies the concepts of health halos and unhealthy = tasty intuition to examine how the different health and nutrition-related (HNR) appeal types interact with different food product types compared with taste claims. The experiment investigated the impact of benefit-seeking and risk-avoidance HNR appeals compared with that of taste appeals on ...
Macdonald H M HM School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, AB252ZD, UK, - - 2014
Concern about calcium supplements, and mainly minor side effects (e.g. constipation) impacting on compliance, means that assessing dietary calcium intake is important. There is no suitable biomarker. Compared to food diaries, a short questionnaire was an efficient way of confirming that patients had adequate calcium intakes (>700 or >1,000 mg) INTRODUCTION: ...
Nikic Marina M University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sports and Physical Education, Belgrade, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the nutrient intakes of elite junior basketball players in comparison to non-athletes. A previously designed food frequency questionnaire was undertaken by 57 male elite junior basketball players 15-16 years of age and 53 non-athlete peers. Mean estimated energy intake was more than ...
Kekic Maria M Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, 16 De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity and eating disorders, such as bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge-eating disorder (BED), can be conceptualised as forms of addiction. Food cravings are thought to precipitate the compulsive overeating that is seen in these conditions. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been used to suppress food cravings, but there is ...
Ristl Konstantin K Institut für Festkörperphysik, TU Darmstadt, Hochschulstraße 6, D-64289 Darmstadt, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigate the stability of a diamond food-web module on two patches coupled by migration in terms of robustness, which is the proportion of surviving species in the system. The parameters are chosen such that the dynamics on an isolated patch have a periodic attractor with all four species present ...
Neupane Shristi S Department of Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 750 E. Adams Street, Syracuse, NY 13210, - - 2014
In the present article we aim to bring forward the apparent disconnect between two US government-sponsored entities - the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) - regarding the safe upper limit of Ca intake. In light of the 2011 US Congress-appointed IOM report indicating an ...
Tucker Robin M RM Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, - - 2014
Evidence supporting a "taste" cue from fat in the oral cavity continues to accrue. The proposed stimuli for fat taste, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), are released from food through hydrolytic rancidity and lipase activity derived from foods or saliva. NEFA must then be released from the food matrix, negotiate the ...
Letona P P 1] Cardiovascular Unit of Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala [2] INCAP Comprehensive Center for the Prevention of Chronic Diseases, Guatemala, - - 2014
Background:Marketing of high-energy, low-nutrient foods is one of the contributing factors to the obesity-promoting environment. Licensed characters are typically used to market these foods to children because they increase brand recognition and sales, and data suggests that they affect the taste and snack preferences of children in high income countries, ...
Soto Paul L PL Department of Educational Psychology and Leadership, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, 79410, USA, - - 2014
A previous study showed that dopamine (DA) D2 receptors (D2Rs) are involved in the reinforcing effectiveness of food, but the specific involvement of DA D2Rs in choice among food reinforcers remains unclear. The current study used genetic and pharmacological approaches to assess the role of D2Rs in choice among food-reinforcement ...
Weibel Christian C University of Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Based on the self-licensing literature and goal theory, we expected and found that completed (im)moral actions lead to markedly different food choices (Studies 1 & 2) than intended (im)moral actions (Study 2). In Study 1, people more often chose healthy over unhealthy food options when they recalled a completed egoistic ...
Bond Alexander L AL Environment Canada, and Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 11 Innovation Boulevard, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 3H5, - - 2014
Changes in the world's oceans have altered nutrient flow, and affected the viability of predator populations when prey species become unavailable. These changes are integrated into the tissues of apex predators over space and time and can be quantified using stable isotopes in the inert feathers of historical and contemporary ...
Sluijs Ivonne I From the Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands (I.S., J.W.J.B., Y.T.v.d.S., D.E.G.); Department of Nutrition, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital A Paré, Université Versailles St-Quentin, Boulogne, France (S.C.); INSERM U1018, Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Villejuif, France (S.C.); and Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands (J.M.A.B., - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the associations of dietary and total potassium, magnesium, and calcium intakes with stroke occurrence. A prospective cohort study was conducted among 36 094 participants aged 21 to 70 years. Dietary intake was assessed with a food frequency questionnaire. During 12 years of follow-up, 631 strokes occurred. After ...
Kazahari Nobuko N Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University, Kita 9 Nisi 9, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-0809, Japan, - - 2014
Animals have been assumed to employ an optimal foraging strategy (e.g., rate-maximizing strategy). In patchy food environments, intake rate within patches is positively correlated with patch quality, and declines as patches are depleted through consumption. This causes patch-leaving and determines patch residence time. In group-foraging situations, patch residence times are ...
Chuah Ai Mey AM Abbott Nutrition Research and Development, 20 Biopolis Way, Singapore 138668, - - 2014
Curcumin has been shown to have a wide variety of biological activities for various human diseases including inflammation, diabetes and cancer. However, the poor oral bioavailability of curcumin poses a significant pharmacological barrier to its use therapeutically and/or as a functional food. Here we report the evaluation of the bioavailability ...
Ganesan Balasubramanian B Dairy Technology and Innovation Laboratory, Western Dairy Center, Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences, Utah State University, Logan 84322. Electronic address: - - 2014
High sodium intake negatively affects consumer health, thus there is active interest in lowering sodium levels in dairy foods. Cheddar and low-moisture, part-skim Mozzarella cheeses were made with total salt levels of 0.7, 1.0, 1.25, 1.35, and 1.8% (wt/wt) in triplicate, thus reducing sodium by 25 to 60%. Multiple manufacturing ...
Hoshi Ayaka A Central Laboratories for Key Technologies, Kirin Company Limited, 1-13-5, Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004, - - 2014
One of the most important themes in the development of foods and drinks is the accurate evaluation of taste properties. In general, a sensory evaluation system is frequently used for evaluating food and drink. This method, which is dependent on human senses, is highly sensitive but is influenced by the ...
To Eric S K ES Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G - - 2014
Conditioned taste avoidance (CTA) helps prevent consumption of dangerous foods. It results from the pairing of a novel food or taste with subsequent aversive consequences, such as illness. Previous studies of CTA in amphibians have produced conflicting results. Establishing the presence or absence of CTA in amphibians is needed to ...
Mennella Julie A JA Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Health initiatives address childhood obesity in part by encouraging good nutrition early in life. This review highlights the science that shows that children naturally prefer higher levels of sweet and salty tastes and reject lower levels of bitter tastes than do adults. Thus, their basic biology does not predispose them ...
Kent M P MP Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
Objective:To assess whether children's exposure to television food/beverage advertising has changed since the implementation of the self-regulatory Canadian Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CAI).Design:Data on 11 advertised food/beverage categories (candy, chocolate bars, cookies, portable snacks, cheese, yogurt, cereal, juices, soft drinks, diet soft drinks and fast food) were purchased ...
Choi Sung Eun - - 2014
Taste intensity to 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) has been demonstrated to affect food acceptance and food intake. Because most PROP status research has been performed among predominantly white subjects, research is needed to test the effects of PROP taste intensity on food acceptance and body weight among racial minorities. This study was ...
Cohen Jennifer J Kids Cancer Centre, Sydney Children's Hospital, High Street, Randwick, NSW, 2031. AUSTRALIA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reduced or altered taste and smell function may occur as a side-effect of cancer therapy. This can lead to altered nutrient and energy intake. Some studies have suggested that taste and smell dysfunction can persist many years after treatment completion but this has not been previously assessed in survivors of ...
Lin Han-Shan HS Department of Oral Hygiene, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between caries experience and daily intake of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), and Ca/P ratio. A total of 2248 schoolchildren were recruited based on a population-based survey. Each participant received a dental examination and questionnaire interviews about the 24-hour ...
Turgeon O'Brien Huguette H a Département des sciences des aliments et de nutrition , Université Laval , Québec , - - 2014
High blood lead levels (BLLs) can be found in Inuit from Nunavik. At the same time, various nutrients such as calcium could lower lead absorption and toxicity. We examined the effect of dietary calcium intakes on BLLs in 245 preschool Inuit children attending childcare centres in Nunavik. Calcium intake was ...
Welsh Ericka M EM Bureau of Health Promotion, Kansas Department of Health and Environment (Drs Welsh and Perveen and Ms Clayton), and Shawnee County Health Agency (Mr Hedberg), Topeka, - - 2014
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and contributes to nearly half of all cardiovascular disease-related deaths in the United States. Even small reductions in sodium intake may lower blood pressure, help prevent the onset of hypertension, or help control blood pressure among hypertensive adults. Current nationally recommended ...
Takeda Eiji E Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima City, Tokushima, - - 2014
It is important to consider whether habitual high phosphorus intake adversely affects bone health, because phosphorus intake has been increasing, whereas calcium intake has been decreasing in dietary patterns. A higher total habitual dietary phosphorus intake has been associated with higher serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and lower serum calcium concentrations ...
Calvo Mona S MS Office of Applied Research and Safety Assessment, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, - - 2014
The Western dietary pattern of intake common to many Americans is high in fat, refined carbohydrates, sodium, and phosphorus, all of which are associated with processed food consumption and higher risk of life-threatening chronic diseases. In this review, we focus on the available information on current phosphorus intake with this ...
McNamara J M JM School of Mathematics, University of Bristol, , University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW, - - 2014
Understanding decisions is the fundamental aim of the behavioural sciences. The theory of rational choice is based on axiomatic principles such as transitivity and independence of irrelevant alternatives (IIA). Empirical studies have demonstrated that the behaviour of humans and other animals often seems irrational; there can be a lack of ...
Garcia-Alvarez Alicia A Fundación para la Investigación Nutricional, Barcelona Science Park, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The popularity of botanical products is on the rise in Europe, with consumers using them to complement their diets or to maintain health, and products are taken in many different forms (e.g. teas, juices, herbal medicinal products, plant food supplements (PFS)). However there is a scarcity of data on the ...
Heath Philippa P School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading Reading, - - 2014
Repeatedly looking at picture books about fruits and vegetables with parents enhances young children's visual preferences toward the foods in the book (Houston-Price et al., 2009a) and influences their willingness to taste these foods (Houston-Price et al., 2009b). This article explores whether the effects of picture book exposure are affected ...
Jahns Lisa L Research Nutritionist, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, 2420 2nd Ave N, Grand Forks, ND 58203, USA. - - 2014
The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommend that individuals age two years and older reduce intakes of solid fats (SoF) and added sugars (AS; together SoFAS). MyPlate illustrates the proportions of five major food groups to promote healthy eating (Vegetables, Grains, Protein Foods, Fruits and Dairy). To assess if ...
Ostojić Ljerka L Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, , Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, - - 2014
Humans' predictions of another person's behaviour are regularly influenced by what they themselves might know or want. In a previous study, we found that male Eurasian jays (Garrulus glandarius) could cater for their female partner's current desire when sharing food with her. Here, we tested the extent to which the ...
Gatley Andy A London School of Hospitality & Tourism, University of West London, St Mary's Road, London. W5 5RF, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2013
Food campaigners, policy makers, journalists and academics continue to debate an alleged decline in home cooking, a corresponding increase in individualised eating habits and the impact of such trends upon public health. The focus of this research was to examine and compare current domestic food practices in Britain with those ...
Marchiori David D Department of Social Psychology, Tilburg University. Electronic address: - - 2013
The present research examined the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention to foster healthy eating. Specifically, we tested whether a brief mindfulness manipulation can prevent the portion size effect, and reduce overeating on unhealthy snacks when hungry. 110 undergraduate participants (MAge = 20.9 ± 2.3; MBMI = 22.3 ± 2.5) were ...
Adjrah Yao Y Laboratoire de Microbiologie et de Contrôle de qualité des Denrées Alimentaires, Ecole Supérieure des Techniques Biologiques et Alimentaires (ESTBA), Université de Lomé, Lomé - - - 2013
Vegetable production in Togo is seriously affected by pests attack. To reduce damage, farmers indiscriminately use pesticides. Various studies have reported high concentrations of pesticide residues more than acceptable limits in vegetables and other edible food. The aim of the presented study is to study the attitudes and practices developed ...
Huang Ying - - 2013
Epidemiological studies of the association of sodium and potassium intake with cardiovascular disease risk have almost exclusively relied on self-reported dietary data. Here, 24-hour urinary excretion assessments are used to correct the dietary self-report data for measurement error under the assumption that 24-hour urine recovery provides a biomarker that differs ...
Simundic A M - - 2013
Standardized protocols for patient preparation for laboratory testing are currently lacking. Moreover, a great heterogeneity exists in the definitions of "fasting" currently being used among healthcare workers and in the literature. Marked metabolic and hormonal changes occur after food ingestion, mainly due to the absorption of fluids, lipids, proteins, carbohydrates ...
Zhang Fenni - - 2013
Sweeteners are commonly used as food additives in our daily life, which, however, have been causing a number of undesirable diseases since the last century. Therefore, the detection and quantification of sweeteners are of great value for food safety. In this study, we used a taste biosensor to measure and ...
Lee Youngmi - - 2013
This study attempted to determine the effects of restrictions on television (TV) food advertising on children's food environments in South Korea. It examined changes that occurred in the marketing mix of food companies following enactment of those restrictions. An on-line survey was conducted with marketers or R&D managers of 108 ...
Well Caroline - - 2013
Meeting the rising consumer demand for natural food ingredients, steviol glycosides, the sweet principle of Stevia Rebaudiana Bertoni (Bertoni), have recently been approved as food additive in the EU. As regulatory constraints require sensitive methods to analyze the sweet-tasting steviosides in foods and beverages, an HILIC-MS/MS method was developed enabling ...
Zhu Xiaobin - - 2013
A fundamental role of the taste system is to discriminate between nutritive and toxic foods. However, it is unknown whether bacterial pathogens that might contaminate food and water modulate the transmission of taste input to the brain. We hypothesized that exogenous, bacterially-derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS), modulates neural responses to taste stimuli. ...
Blumenthal Susan J SJ 1 New America Foundation, 1899 L Street, NW - Suite 400, Washington, DC 20036, - - 2013
To examine the opinions of stakeholders on strategies to improve dietary quality of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants. Participants answered a thirty-eight-item web-based survey assessing opinions and perceptions of SNAP and programme policy changes. Survey of 522 individuals with stakeholder interest in SNAP, conducted in October through December 2011. ...
Alabi T - - 2013
Chemoreception plays an important role in mediating a diverse range of behaviours, including predation and food selection. In the present study, we combined anatomical observations, electrophysiology and proteomics to investigate sensilla that mediate chemoreception on the antenna and the legs of Tribolium. Scanning electron microscopy was used to differentiate the ...
Park Yongsoon Y Department of Food and Nutrition, Hanyang University, Seoul, - - 2013
Validated simple calcium questionnaires are available to assess the intake of calcium and vitamin D in western countries, but they are not appropriate for Koreans since dairy products are not the major source of calcium and vitamin D in Korea. Thus, the objective of the present study was to develop ...
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