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Results 201 - 250 of 1291
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Parker Carole E - - 2012
Dairy nutrients, such as calcium, are particularly important in adolescence, a critical time for growth and development. There are limited Australian data following individuals through adolescence, evaluating changes in dairy nutrient and dairy product consumption. We used a validated food frequency questionnaire to investigate consumption in adolescents participating in both ...
Kaminski Juliane - - 2012
All current evidence of visual perspective taking in dogs can possibly be explained by dogs reacting to certain stimuli rather than understanding what others see. In the current study, we set up a situation in which contextual information and social cues are in conflict. A human always forbade the dog ...
Laaksonen Oskar - - 2012
The roles of taste and astringent properties, food choice motives and health concerns in liking of bilberry and crowberry samples were studied using a sensory panel prescreened for the hTAS2R38 taste receptor genotype. The subjects rated the intensity of sourness, bitterness and two astringent properties (soft, velvety and rough, puckering) ...
Lee H-S - - 2012
We examined major trends and patterns regarding sodium and potassium intake and the ratio of sodium and potassium in the diets of South Koreans. We used data from 24-h dietary recall data from 10 267, 8819 and 9264 subjects ages 2 years in the 1998, 2005 and 2009 Korean National Health ...
Papies Esther K - - 2012
There is a growing consensus that our food-rich living environment contributes to rising numbers of people with overweight and obesity. Low-cost, effective intervention tools are needed to facilitate healthy eating behavior, especially when eating away from home. Therefore, we present a field experiment in a restaurant that tested whether providing ...
Ribeiro Camila Cury - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To evaluate the knowledge and practice of pediatricians, pediatric gastroenterologists, allergists and nutritionists regarding the primary prevention of food allergy. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study that enrolled pediatricians (n = 80), pediatric gastroenterologists (n = 120), allergists (n = 100) and nutritionists (n = 220). A self-administered questionnaire concerning the current recommendations was used. RESULTS: ...
Stierstorfer Michael B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The traditional classification of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) as a functional disorder has been challenged in recent years by evidence of ongoing low-grade gastrointestinal tract inflammation. Inflammation may alter gastrointestinal motility and thus be central to the pathogenesis of IBS. Many foods and food additives are known to cause ...
Piovesana Paula de Moura Pde M Faculty of Nursing, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), 13083-887 Campinas, SP, - - 2013
This study investigated the gustatory threshold for salt and its relationship with dietary salt intake among hypertensive (n = 54) and normotensive (n = 54) subjects. Salt intake was evaluated through 24-hour urinary sodium excretion and self-reported measures (discretionary salt, Sodium- Food Frequence Questionnaire (Na-FFQ), and 24-hour recall). Detection and ...
Calvo Mona S - - 2012
Widespread poor vitamin D status in all age and gender groups in the United States (USA) and Canada increases the need for new food sources. Currently ∼ 60% of the intake of vitamin D from foods is from fortified foods in these countries. Those groups in greatest need are consuming ...
Narisety Satya D - - 2012
The incidence of food allergy in developed countries has increased in recent years, escalating the need to find a suitable form of treatment as an alternative to current management, which includes strict avoidance and ready availability of injectable epinephrine (adrenaline). Allergen immunotherapy is currently being studied for use in the ...
Forde C G CG Nestlé Research Centre, Vers-Chez-Les-Blanc, Switzerland. - - 2013
Previous studies with model foods have shown that softer textures lead to higher eating rates and higher ad libitum food intake and higher intensity of salt taste has been shown to result in a lower ad libitum food intake. These observations have yet to be replicated in the context of ...
Fatima A - - 2012
Peptides of the corticotropin-releasing hormone/Urocortin (CRH/Ucn) family are known to suppress appetite primarily via CRH(2) receptors. In the rat hypothalamic supraoptic nucleus (SON), synthesis of both Ucn1 and CRH(2) receptors has been reported, yet little is known about the effects of Ucn1 in the SON on feeding behaviour. We first ...
Stafford Jeffrey W - - 2012
Animals use gustatory information to assess the suitability of potential food sources and make critical decisions on what to consume. For example, the taste of sugar generally signals a potent dietary source of carbohydrates. However, the intensity of the sensory response to a particular sugar, or "sweetness," is not always ...
Kim Soyoung - - 2012
Recently the need to manage food allergies in schools has been growing. This study aimed to examine the current status of managing food allergies in schools in Seoul, Korea. A questionnaire survey was conducted in cooperation with the School Dietician Association during April 2009. Among the participating 154 schools, a ...
King Lesley - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To provide an independent monitoring report examining the ongoing impact of Australian self-regulatory pledges on food and drink advertising to children on commercial television. DESIGN: Analysis of food advertisements across comparable sample time periods in April/May 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010 and 2011. The main outcome measure comprised change in ...
Schwarz Sebastian - - 2012
Terrestrial panoramic cues, path integration and search behavior are the main navigational strategies used by ants to locate food and find their way back to the nest. Searching becomes important when the other navigational cues are either not available or cannot provide sufficient information to pinpoint the goal. When searching ...
Wilken Marlene K - - 2012
Taste changes in patients undergoing chemotherapy are common and can be of long duration, are associated with poor nutrition, and can reduce quality of life. A pilot study of the fruit Synsepalum dulcificum-known as "miracle fruit"-as a novel supportive intervention was conducted with eight patients with cancer who were being ...
He Feng J - - 2012
There is compelling evidence that dietary salt intake is the major cause of raised blood pressure (BP) and that a reduction in salt intake from the current level of ≈ 9 - 12 g/day in most countries to the recommended level of < 5 g/day lowers BP. A further reduction ...
Gravel Karine - - 2012
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of nutrition claims on food perceptions and intake among adult men and women, during ad libitum snacks. In a 3 (healthy vs. diet vs. hedonic) by 2 (normal-weight vs. overweight/obese) by 2 (unrestrained vs. restrained eaters) factorial design, 164 ...
Garcia-Cañas Virginia - - 2012
The state-of-the-art of food analysis at the beginning of the 21st century is presented in this work, together with its major applications, current limitations and present and foreseen challenges.
Rees Richard - - 2012
Hyperkalaemia is a potentially life-threatening electrolyte disturbance because it causes cardiac dysrhythmias. Patients with renal impairment are at particular risk of potassium retention, often compounded by use of medications that inhibit potassium excretion, and are counselled to avoid potassium-rich foods.
Adegboye Amanda R A - - 2012
This cross-sectional study investigates whether calcium intakes from dairy and non-dairy sources, and absolute intakes of various dairy products, are associated with periodontitis. The calcium intake (mg/day) of 135 older Danish adults was estimated by a diet history interview and divided into dairy and non-dairy calcium. Dairy food intake (g/day) ...
Peterman Jerusha Nelson - - 2012
Resettled refugees have high rates of chronic disease, which may be partially due to persistent food insecurity. This study describes food experiences on arrival in the U.S. and current food security status and examines characteristics related to food insecurity in a well-established refugee community. Focus groups and a survey assessed ...
Yoshida Ryusuke - - 2012
Taste receptor cells play a major role in detection of chemical compounds in the oral cavity. Information derived from taste receptor cells, such as sweet, bitter, salty, sour and umami is important for evaluating the quality of food components. Among five basic taste qualities, sweet taste is very attractive for ...
Li Xiulan - - 2012
Currently, 76 lantibiotics have been described; the vast majority being produced by members of the Firmicute phylum of bacteria. There is a growing number being identified from the Actinobacteria phylum and some of these exhibit novel modifications leading to an increased functional diversity among lantibiotics. In this review, we discuss ...
Chen Jianshe - - 2012
In this work, the sensory creaminess of a set of four viscosity-matched fluid foods (single cream, evaporated milk, corn starch solution, and corn starch solution containing long chain free fatty acids) was tested by a panel of 16 assessors via controlled sensation mechanisms of smell only, taste only, taste and ...
Yoshikawa Takahiro - - 2012
To validate a Japanese version of Power of Food Scale (PFS-J), and to describe characteristics in appetitive motives among current Japanese young adults, the original English PFS was translated into Japanese and translated back into English, to confirm conceptual and linguistic equivalence, and administered to university students. Test-retest reliability of ...
Martinson Holly M - - 2012
Because patch size and connectivity may strongly impact the assemblage of species that occur on a patch, the types of food-web interactions that occur among those species may also depend on spatial structure. Here, we identify whether food-web interactions among salt-marsh-inhabiting arthropods vary with patch size and connectivity, and how ...
Zand Nazanin - - 2012
The study reported herein was conducted in order to establish the concentration of 20 essential and non-essential elements in a representative range of commercial infant foods in the UK targeted for infants aged between 6-12months. The primary objective of this study was to examine the nutritive values and safety of ...
Mao Yingyi - - 2012
There is emerging interest in the impact of food structure on lipid digestion and its relationship to human nutrition. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of heteroaggregation of lipid droplets on their potential biological fate using a simulated gastrointestinal tract (GIT). At neutral pH, a highly ...
Rozin Paul - - 2012
Attitudes to natural foods and genetically modified organisms, assessed by multiple choice items, definitions of natural, and free associations to the word "natural" were determined for a representative sample of adults from France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, the U.K. and the U.S.A. Individuals in all countries had a very positive attitude ...
Broadley Martin R - - 2012
Mineral malnutrition is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa but its extent is difficult to quantify. Using Malawi as a case study, the aim of this work was to investigate the adequacy of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) nutrition by combining national food supply and food composition data with a new spatial ...
Chung Wai Ting - - 2012
Among the 14.6% of American households experiencing food insecurity, approximately 2 million are occupied by older adults. Food insecurity among older adults has been linked to poor health, lower cognitive function, and poor mental health outcomes. While evidence of the association between individual or household-level factors and food insecurity has ...
Hobin Erin P - - 2012
"Toy premiums", offered with McDonald's Happy Meals®, are a prominent form of food marketing directed at children. Two California jurisdictions recently implemented policies that only permit offering fast-food toy premiums with meals that meet certain nutritional criteria. The primary objective of the current study was to examine elements of this ...
van der Sman R G M - - 2012
We give an overview of the many opportunities that arise from approaching food structuring from the perspective of soft matter physics. This branch of physics employs concepts that build upon the seminal work of van der Waals, such as free volume, the mean field, and effective temperatures. All these concepts ...
Noor Izani N J - - 2012
The use of ice cubes in beverages is common among patrons of food outlets in Malaysia although its safety for human consumption remains unclear. Hence, this study was designed to determine the presence of faecal coliforms and several useful water physicochemical parameters viz. free residual chlorine concentration, turbidity and pH ...
Kwock Chang Geun CG Korea Food Research Institute, Gyeonggi 463-746, - - 2012
Hangwa is a traditional food, corresponding to the current consumption trend, in need of marketing strategies to extend its consumption. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze consumers' consumption patterns and perception of Hangwa to increase consumption in the market. A questionnaire was sent to 250 consumers by ...
Jiménez-Martín Estefanía - - 2012
The suitability of a one-step derivatization procedure using N-methyl-N-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide for the simultaneous assay of 22 free amino acids, and its application for their analysis in six animal source food (pork, dry cured ham, chicken stock, fresh cheese, ripened cheese and dry salted sardine) by GC-MS was studied. All the 22 ...
Halford Nigel G NG Department of Plant Science, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts, AL5 2JQ, UK. - - 2012
Acrylamide, a chemical that is probably carcinogenic in humans and has neurological and reproductive effects, forms from free asparagine and reducing sugars during high-temperature cooking and processing of common foods. Potato and cereal products are major contributors to dietary exposure to acrylamide and while the food industry reacted rapidly to ...
Mena María C - - 2012
The only treatment for coeliac disease is to follow a strict, life-long gluten-free diet. It is therefore essential to use a highly sensitive, specific technique for gluten analysis in foods. Nowadays, the usual method for determining gluten content in gluten-free foods, internationally accepted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, is the ...
Jarvis Basil - - 2012
Random samples of each of several food products were obtained from defined lots during processing or from retail outlets. The foods included raw milk (sampled on farm and from a bulk-milk tanker), sprouted seeds, raw minced meat, frozen de-shelled raw prawns, neck-flaps from raw chicken carcasses and ready-to-eat sandwiches. Duplicate ...
Törnwall Outi - - 2012
Genetic contribution to individual differences in sour taste perception and preference was investigated in a cohort of young adult Finnish twins (n=328, 21-25years) including 46 complete monozygotic and 92 dizygotic twin pairs and 52 twin individuals without their co-twin. Responses to sour taste were recorded as pleasantness and intensity ratings ...
Picinato-Pirola Melissa Nara de Carvalho - - 2012
To verify whether the number of chewing strokes and the chewing time are influenced by dentofacial deformities in habitual free mastication. Participants were 15 patients with diagnosis of class II dentofacial deformity (GII), 15 with class III (GIII), and 15 healthy control individuals with no deformity (CG). Free habitual mastication ...
Aguayo G A - - 2012
Excessive food intake has been linked to many factors including taste preference and the presence of psychopathology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between sweet and salty taste preference and psychopathology in patients with severe obesity. A consecutive series of patients applying for bariatric surgery was ...
Kurvers Ralf H J M - - 2012
Individuals foraging in groups can use two different tactics for obtaining food resources. Individuals can either search for food sources themselves (producing) or they can join food discoveries of others (scrounging). In this study we use a genetic algorithm in a spatially explicit producer-scrounger game to explore how individuals compromise ...
Gallos Lazaros K - - 2012
Obesity prevalence is increasing in many countries at alarming levels. A difficulty in the conception of policies to reverse these trends is the identification of the drivers behind the obesity epidemics. Here, we implement a spatial spreading analysis to investigate whether obesity shows spatial correlations, revealing the effect of collective ...
Bingham Clarissa M L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To analyse changes in food choices, diet-related risk factors and their association during 6 months of military service. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study in Finland, where all men are liable to military service and a clear majority of each age group completes service. Dietary intake data were collected by self-administered ...
Kocabas M - - 2011
Abant trout Salmo trutta abanticus were grown for 154 days at three salinities of 0, 9 or 18 to assess mass gain, condition factor, food conversion ratio and food consumption. Appetite was significantly higher at 0 than at salinities of 9 or 18. Salinities >18 may have detrimental effects on ...
Tulchinsky Mark - - 2011
Unexpected (without deliberate stimulation) emptying of a gallbladder (GB) during hepatobiliary scintigraphy is rare. Such a case is presented where the patient was watching a movie that contained episodes of appetizing meal preparation and consumption. The photic stimulation was recognized and discontinued, resulting in the GB refilled after a 15-minute ...
Lecour S - - 2011
With more than 8000 polyphenols found in food (mainly, wine, tea, coffee, cocoa, vegetables and cereals), many epidemiological studies suggest that the intake of polyphenol-rich foods has a beneficial effect on a large number of cardiovascular risk factors, such as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, obesity, diabetes and smoking. ...
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