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Welsh Ericka M EM Bureau of Health Promotion, Kansas Department of Health and Environment (Drs Welsh and Perveen and Ms Clayton), and Shawnee County Health Agency (Mr Hedberg), Topeka, - - 2014
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and contributes to nearly half of all cardiovascular disease-related deaths in the United States. Even small reductions in sodium intake may lower blood pressure, help prevent the onset of hypertension, or help control blood pressure among hypertensive adults. Current nationally recommended ...
Takeda Eiji E Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima City, Tokushima, - - 2014
It is important to consider whether habitual high phosphorus intake adversely affects bone health, because phosphorus intake has been increasing, whereas calcium intake has been decreasing in dietary patterns. A higher total habitual dietary phosphorus intake has been associated with higher serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and lower serum calcium concentrations ...
Calvo Mona S MS Office of Applied Research and Safety Assessment, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, - - 2014
The Western dietary pattern of intake common to many Americans is high in fat, refined carbohydrates, sodium, and phosphorus, all of which are associated with processed food consumption and higher risk of life-threatening chronic diseases. In this review, we focus on the available information on current phosphorus intake with this ...
McNamara J M JM School of Mathematics, University of Bristol, , University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW, - - 2014
Understanding decisions is the fundamental aim of the behavioural sciences. The theory of rational choice is based on axiomatic principles such as transitivity and independence of irrelevant alternatives (IIA). Empirical studies have demonstrated that the behaviour of humans and other animals often seems irrational; there can be a lack of ...
Garcia-Alvarez Alicia A Fundación para la Investigación Nutricional, Barcelona Science Park, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The popularity of botanical products is on the rise in Europe, with consumers using them to complement their diets or to maintain health, and products are taken in many different forms (e.g. teas, juices, herbal medicinal products, plant food supplements (PFS)). However there is a scarcity of data on the ...
Heath Philippa P School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading Reading, - - 2014
Repeatedly looking at picture books about fruits and vegetables with parents enhances young children's visual preferences toward the foods in the book (Houston-Price et al., 2009a) and influences their willingness to taste these foods (Houston-Price et al., 2009b). This article explores whether the effects of picture book exposure are affected ...
Ostojić Ljerka L Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, , Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, - - 2014
Humans' predictions of another person's behaviour are regularly influenced by what they themselves might know or want. In a previous study, we found that male Eurasian jays (Garrulus glandarius) could cater for their female partner's current desire when sharing food with her. Here, we tested the extent to which the ...
Jahns Lisa L Research Nutritionist, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, 2420 2nd Ave N, Grand Forks, ND 58203, USA. - - 2014
The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommend that individuals age two years and older reduce intakes of solid fats (SoF) and added sugars (AS; together SoFAS). MyPlate illustrates the proportions of five major food groups to promote healthy eating (Vegetables, Grains, Protein Foods, Fruits and Dairy). To assess if ...
Aoki Julie Ralston - - 2014
In 2010, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommended that the Food and Drug Administration modify the generally recognized as safe status of sodium by setting gradually decreasing limits on sodium amounts allowed in processed and prepared foods. Establishing limits on sodium uses would lead to a decrease in sodium intake, ...
Greer Sophia S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, NE, MS F-72, Atlanta, GA 30341. E-mail: - - 2014
High sodium intake and low potassium intake, which can contribute to hypertension and risk of cardiovascular disease, may be related to the availability of healthful food in neighborhood stores. Despite evidence linking food environment with diet quality, this relationship has not been evaluated in the United States. The modified retail ...
Mackay Jennifer Christine JC School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Stressor experiences during the juvenile period may increase vulnerability to anxiety and depressive-like symptoms in adulthood. Stressors may also promote palatable feeding, possibly reflecting a form of self-medication. The current study investigated the short- and long-term consequences of a stressor applied during the juvenile period on anxiety- and depressive-like behavior ...
Kaabi Yahia A YA College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Dammam, Al-Khobar 31441, Saudi - - 2014
Cigarette smoking is commonly associated with weight loss and mechanisms for these weight changes are still elusive. Ghrelin is a peptide hormone that works in a neuroendocrine fashion to stimulate hunger and the desire for food intake. Ghrelin is also secreted in saliva, probably to enhance food taste. In the ...
Neyraud Eric E CNRS, UMR6265 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, INRA, UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, et UMR Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, - - 2014
Saliva is the first fluid that comes into contact with food during oral processing. Because saliva is the medium that bathes the taste receptors, is the fluid through which taste and aroma compounds are released into the oral cavity and is mixed continuously with food during bolus formation, it is ...
Geremew Kumlachew K Migibare Senay Children and Family Support Organization, P.O. Box 269, Debre Markos, - - 2014
Background. Traditional biomass has been the major source of cooking energy for major segment of Ethiopian population for thousands of years. Cognizant of this energy poverty, the Government of Ethiopia has been spending huge sum of money to increase hydroelectric power generating stations. Objective. To assess current levels and correlates ...
Lee Hae-Jeung HJ Department of Food & Nutrition, Eulji University, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, South - - 2014
The possible effects of dairy product intake against obesity have been suggested in animal studies; however, the association is still not well established in epidemiological studies. Few studies in Asian countries with relatively low intake of dairy products exist. We investigated the association between dairy products and calcium intake and ...
Molfese Carlotta C Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, Plymouth University, Plymouth, United - - 2014
The worldwide depletion of major fish stocks through intensive industrial fishing is thought to have profoundly altered the trophic structure of marine ecosystems. Here we assess changes in the trophic structure of the English Channel marine ecosystem using a 90-year time-series (1920-2010) of commercial fishery landings. Our analysis was based ...
Gatley Andy A London School of Hospitality & Tourism, University of West London, St Mary's Road, London. W5 5RF, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2013
Food campaigners, policy makers, journalists and academics continue to debate an alleged decline in home cooking, a corresponding increase in individualised eating habits and the impact of such trends upon public health. The focus of this research was to examine and compare current domestic food practices in Britain with those ...
Marchiori David D Department of Social Psychology, Tilburg University. Electronic address: - - 2013
The present research examined the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention to foster healthy eating. Specifically, we tested whether a brief mindfulness manipulation can prevent the portion size effect, and reduce overeating on unhealthy snacks when hungry. 110 undergraduate participants (MAge = 20.9 ± 2.3; MBMI = 22.3 ± 2.5) were ...
Adjrah Yao Y Laboratoire de Microbiologie et de Contrôle de qualité des Denrées Alimentaires, Ecole Supérieure des Techniques Biologiques et Alimentaires (ESTBA), Université de Lomé, Lomé - - - 2013
Vegetable production in Togo is seriously affected by pests attack. To reduce damage, farmers indiscriminately use pesticides. Various studies have reported high concentrations of pesticide residues more than acceptable limits in vegetables and other edible food. The aim of the presented study is to study the attitudes and practices developed ...
Huang Ying Y Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave N, PO Box 19024, Seattle, WA 98109-1024. - - 2014
Epidemiological studies of the association of sodium and potassium intake with cardiovascular disease risk have almost exclusively relied on self-reported dietary data. Here, 24-hour urinary excretion assessments are used to correct the dietary self-report data for measurement error under the assumption that 24-hour urine recovery provides a biomarker that differs ...
Simundic A M - - 2013
Standardized protocols for patient preparation for laboratory testing are currently lacking. Moreover, a great heterogeneity exists in the definitions of "fasting" currently being used among healthcare workers and in the literature. Marked metabolic and hormonal changes occur after food ingestion, mainly due to the absorption of fluids, lipids, proteins, carbohydrates ...
Zhang Fenni - - 2013
Sweeteners are commonly used as food additives in our daily life, which, however, have been causing a number of undesirable diseases since the last century. Therefore, the detection and quantification of sweeteners are of great value for food safety. In this study, we used a taste biosensor to measure and ...
Lee Youngmi - - 2013
This study attempted to determine the effects of restrictions on television (TV) food advertising on children's food environments in South Korea. It examined changes that occurred in the marketing mix of food companies following enactment of those restrictions. An on-line survey was conducted with marketers or R&D managers of 108 ...
Well Caroline - - 2013
Meeting the rising consumer demand for natural food ingredients, steviol glycosides, the sweet principle of Stevia Rebaudiana Bertoni (Bertoni), have recently been approved as food additive in the EU. As regulatory constraints require sensitive methods to analyze the sweet-tasting steviosides in foods and beverages, an HILIC-MS/MS method was developed enabling ...
Zhu Xiaobin - - 2013
A fundamental role of the taste system is to discriminate between nutritive and toxic foods. However, it is unknown whether bacterial pathogens that might contaminate food and water modulate the transmission of taste input to the brain. We hypothesized that exogenous, bacterially-derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS), modulates neural responses to taste stimuli. ...
Blumenthal Susan J SJ 1 New America Foundation, 1899 L Street, NW - Suite 400, Washington, DC 20036, - - 2013
To examine the opinions of stakeholders on strategies to improve dietary quality of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants. Participants answered a thirty-eight-item web-based survey assessing opinions and perceptions of SNAP and programme policy changes. Survey of 522 individuals with stakeholder interest in SNAP, conducted in October through December 2011. ...
Alabi T - - 2013
Chemoreception plays an important role in mediating a diverse range of behaviours, including predation and food selection. In the present study, we combined anatomical observations, electrophysiology and proteomics to investigate sensilla that mediate chemoreception on the antenna and the legs of Tribolium. Scanning electron microscopy was used to differentiate the ...
Park Yongsoon Y Department of Food and Nutrition, Hanyang University, Seoul, - - 2013
Validated simple calcium questionnaires are available to assess the intake of calcium and vitamin D in western countries, but they are not appropriate for Koreans since dairy products are not the major source of calcium and vitamin D in Korea. Thus, the objective of the present study was to develop ...
Sharma Rashmi S - - 2013
Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) has long been used as an objective measure to assess completeness of 24-hour urine collections. However, pharmaceutical-grade PABA for human ingestion is not available in the United States. An alternative, the potassium salt of PABA, aminobenzoate potassium, can be obtained for clinical use, although it has not ...
Im Jong Geun - - 2013
The present study aimed to assess the adequacy of Ca intake and major food sources of Ca in Korean children and adolescents. A cross-sectional study. Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2007-2010. We analysed the daily Ca intake, major food sources of Ca and the ...
Combet Emilie - - 2013
To develop a worked example of product reformulation of a very popular 'junk food' to meet nutritional guidelines for public health in a ready meal. Indicative survey of popular Margherita pizzas, followed by product reformulation, applying dietary guidelines to generate a single-item pizza meal containing 30 % daily amounts of ...
Shaffer Christopher A - - 2013
According to optimal foraging theory and most current models of primate socioecology, primate foraging involves a series of decisions concerning when is the most optimal time to leave a food patch, how to travel to the next patch in an efficient manner, and how to minimize the time and distance ...
Pepino Marta Yanina - - 2013
Objective: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery causes greater weight loss than laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). We tested the hypothesis that RYGB has weight loss-independent effects on taste perception which influence eating behavior and contribute to the greater weight loss. Design and Methods: Subjects were studied before and after ~20% ...
Frankenfeld Cara L - - 2013
To evaluate healthy dietary factors in relation to prior residence outside the United States (US) among university-affiliated individuals currently residing in the US. Current diet information was collected via a 4-day food record and residential history data were collected by in-person interview for 114 individuals. Residence outside of the US ...
Takachi Ribeka - - 2013
Reducing dietary salt intake remains a challenging issue in the management of chronic disease. Taste preference is suspected to be an important proxy index of daily sodium consumption. This study examined the difference in daily sodium intake according to self-reported taste preference for miso soup as representative of homemade cooking ...
Wallace Taylor C - - 2013
Objective: Adequate calcium and vitamin D intakes are critical during all life cycle stages. This study aimed to characterize usual intakes of calcium and vitamin D from food and dietary supplements in specific subpopulations of Americans so that fortification/enrichment and supplementation efforts may be targeted toward populations who are truly ...
Vernia Piero - - 2013
Osteopenia and increased risk for fractures in IBD result from several factors. To investigate the dietary intake of calcium in IBD patients. A 22-item quantitative validated frequency food questionnaire was used for quantifying dietary calcium in relation to gender and age, in 187 IBD patients, 420 normal- and 276 diseased ...
Yousaf Farhanah - - 2013
Abstract Cinacalcet is the first Food and Drug Administration-approved calcimimetic for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in dialysis patients. It is effective in improving control of parathyroid hormone, serum calcium, phosphorus, and calcium-phosphorus product. The calcium-lowering effect of cinacalcet overcomes the limitations of standard therapy associated hypercalcemia. There is evidence ...
Haycraft Emma - - 2013
This study aimed to examine the relationships between adolescents' eating disorder attitudes and their perceptions of the feeding practices that their parents/caregivers currently use. Boys and girls (N = 528) aged 13-15 completed self-report measures of their levels of eating psychopathology and their parents' current feeding practices and reported their own ...
Hajeb P P a Center of Excellence for Food Safety Research (CEFSR), Faculty of Food Science and Technology , Universiti Putra Malaysia , 43400 UPM , Serdang , Selangor , - - 2013
Abstract Umami, the fifth basic taste, is the inimitable taste of Asian foods. Several traditional and locally prepared foods and condiments of Asia are rich in umami. In this part of world, umami is found in fermented animal based products such as fermented and dried seafood, and plant based products ...
Vadiveloo Maya - - 2013
Research has shown that subtle health claims used by food marketers influence pre-intake expectations, but no study has examined how they influence individuals' post-consumption experience of satiety after a complete meal and how this varies according to the value placed on food taste. In two experiments, we assess how labeling ...
Schwartz C - - 2013
Complementary feeding (CF) practices vary within and across cultures but have been investigated only to a very limited extent. It is however important to understand CF practices and how they differ, as CF sets the foundation for children's later food choices. The present study was set out to examine practices, ...
Ko Edmund Y - - 2014
Nutraceuticals are food products that that can provide medical or health benefits by preventing or treating disease processes. The high costs associated with assisted reproductive techniques for male infertility have led consumers to find less expensive alternatives for potential treatment. Nutraceuticals are widely available and have many antioxidant properties. This ...
Zhang Yali V YV Department of Biological Chemistry, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2013
Animals tend to reject bitter foods. However, long-term exposure to some unpalatable tastants increases acceptance of these foods. Here we show that dietary exposure to an unappealing but safe additive, camphor, caused the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster to decrease camphor rejection. The transient receptor potential-like (TRPL) cation channel was a ...
Gagné Jason W - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, zinc, iron, copper, manganese, and selenium in several commercially available dry dog foods and compare these with current Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) recommendations for maintenance of healthy dogs. Design-Descriptive study. Sample-45 over-the-counter dry foods formulated for maintenance of healthy dogs (ie, ...
Serra-Majem Lluis - - 2013
The current obesity epidemic is known to have coincided with profound societal changes involving both physical activity levels and food consumption patterns as well as demographic and cultural changes affecting the conduct of human beings in various ways. On the other hand, obesity is a complex and multifactorial chronic disease ...
Allen Alissa L - - 2013
In order to reduce calories in foods and beverages, the food industry routinely uses non-nutritive sweeteners. Unfortunately, many are synthetically derived, and many consumers have a strong preference for natural sweeteners, irrespective of the safety data on synthetic non-nutritive sweeteners. Additionally, many non-nutritive sweeteners elicit aversive side tastes such as ...
Ramachandran Prema - - 2013
The World Food Summit in 1996 provided a comprehensive definition for food security which brings into focus the linkage between food, nutrition and health. India has been self sufficient in food production since seventies and low household hunger rates. India compares well with developing countries with similar health profile in ...
Bruno Nicola - - 2013
Recent literature suggests that individuals may consume less food when this is served on red plates. We explored this intriguing effect in three experiments. Independent groups of participants were presented with constant amounts of popcorns, chocolate chips, or moisturizing cream, on red, blue, or white plates. They were asked to ...
Garcia-Burgos D - - 2013
Differences in food consumption among body-weight statuses (e.g., higher fruit intake linked with lower body mass index (BMI) and energy-dense products with higher BMI) has raised the question of why people who are overweight or are at risk of becoming overweight eat differently from thinner people. One explanation, in terms ...
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