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Fukuda Tomokazu T Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, - - 2014
The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) released a large amount of radioactive substances into the environment. Furthermore, beef contaminated with radioactive cesium above the 500 Bq/kg safety standard was circulated in the food chain in 2011. Japanese consumers remain concerned about the safety of radioactively contaminated ...
Golzarand M M 1] Nutrition and Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran [2] Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Background/Objective:The epidemiological association of phytochemical-rich foods with the risk of hypertension is unclear. This study aimed to determine the association of dietary phytochemical index (PI) with the occurrence of hypertension (HTN) after 3 years of follow-up in Tehranian adults.Subjects/Methods:This prospective study was conducted on 1546 nonhypertensive subjects, aged 20-70 years. ...
Luhovyy Bohdan L BL Dept. of Applied Human Nutrition, Mount Saint Vincent Univ, 166 Bedford Highway, Halifax, NS, B3M 2J6, Canada; Dept. of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Univ. of Toronto, 150 College St, Toronto, ON, M5S 3E2, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the dose response effect of whole grain high-amylose maize (HAM) flour as a source of resistant starch (RS) on blood glucose, appetite and short-term food intake. In a repeated-measures crossover trial, healthy men (n = 30, 22.9 ± 0.6 y, BMI of ...
Payab Moloud M Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the association of junk food consumption with hypertension and obesity in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents. This nationwide study was conducted in 2011-2012 among 14,880 students, aged 6-18 years, selected by cluster sampling from 30 provinces. Weight, height, waist circumference (WC), hip ...
Just Jocelyne J AP-HP- Service d'Allergologie Pédiatrique, Hôpital d'Enfants Armand-Trousseau, Paris, France; INSERM, UMR S 1136, Institut Pierre Louis d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Equipe EPAR, F-75013, Paris, France; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR S 1136, Institut Pierre Louis d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Equipe EPAR, F-75013, Paris, - - 2014
Early-onset atopic dermatitis (AD) is a particular phenotype that may convey a risk of developing multiple sensitizations to allergens but little is known about the pathway of sensitization. The aims of this study were to describe the natural history of sensitization to allergens for this phenotype and to identify the ...
Jurecki Elaina R ER Medical Affairs (Ms Jurecki, Messrs Mahoney and James, and Dr Cohen-Pfeffer) and Quality and Process Development (Messrs Tingley and Chung), BioMarin Pharmaceutical, Inc, Novato, California; and Hayward Genetics Center, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana (Ms - - 2014
Sapropterin dihydrochloride is used to lower blood phenylalanine levels in tetrahydrobiopterin-responsive phenylketonuria in conjunction with a phenylalanine-restricted diet. This study investigated the solubility and stability of sapropterin tablets and a sapropterin powder formulation when mixed in selected beverages and foods. Solubility was partial for the tablets and complete for the ...
Balieiro Laura Cristina Tibiletti LC Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Uberlândia , Uberlândia, Minas Gerais , Brazil - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare anthropometry and food intake patterns in bus drivers working during the day and night. One hundred and fifty males (81 night workers and 69 day workers) participated in the study. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Measurements ...
Eyles Helen - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of early death worldwide, responsible for an estimated 29% of all global deaths. Reducing salt intake lowers blood pressure and risk of secondary cardiac events. However, identifying low salt foods can be challenging. SaltSwitch is a simple smartphone application (app) that enables shoppers ...
- - 2014
The accumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in some freshwater fish exposes consumers to these organic pollutants, which are known to have a variety of harmful effects on health. A study conducted in anglers and consumers of freshwater fish in France confirmed that people who eat these fish can have blood ...
Van Meervenne Eva E Laboratory of Microbial Ecology and Technology (LabMET), Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000, Gent, Belgium; Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO), Technology and Food Science Unit, Brusselsesteenweg 370, 9090, Melle, Belgium; Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation (LFMFP), Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000, Gent, - - 2014
Biofilms represent a substantial problem in the food industry, with food spoilage, equipment failure and public health aspects to consider. Besides, biofilms may be a hot-spot for plasmid transfer, by which antibiotic resistance can be disseminated to potential foodborne pathogens. This study investigated biomass and plasmid transfer in dual-species (Pseudomonas ...
Voigt Christian C CC Department of Evolutionary Ecology, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, - - 2014
Large areas of Namibia are covered by farmland, which is also used by game and predator species. Because it can cause conflicts with farmers when predators, such as cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), hunt livestock, we assessed whether livestock constitutes a significant part of the cheetah diet by analysing the stable isotope ...
Crowley Sarah - - 2013
Lactobacillus plantarum strain 16 restricts the growth of various food spoilage fungi and has the potential to be used as a biopreservative to improve the shelf life of foods. The complete genome sequence contains 3,044,678 bp with a G+C content of 44.74% and harbors the largest plasmid complement reported for this ...
Kuisma Miia - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine biorefining efficiency according to the choices made in the entire value chain. The importance of the share of biomass volume biorefined or products substituted was investigated. Agrifood-waste-based biorefining represented the case. Anticipatory scenarios were designed for contrasting targets and compared with the ...
Vianna Claudia R CR Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Hypothalamic Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9077, USA. - - 2012
The cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB(1)R) is required for body weight homeostasis and normal gastrointestinal motility. However, the specific cell types expressing CB(1)R that regulate these physiological functions are unknown. CB(1)R is widely expressed, including in neurons of the parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system. The vagus nerve has been ...
Hepper P G - - 2012
Early experiences are of potential importance in shaping long-term behavior. This study examined the relative influence of prenatal and/or early postnatal experience of chemosensory stimuli on subsequent olfactory and dietary preferences of cats as newborns, at 9-10 weeks, and at 6 months. Cats were exposed to vanillin or 4-ethylguaiacol via ...
Duraffourd Celine - - 2012
Intestinal gluconeogenesis is involved in the control of food intake. We show that mu-opioid receptors (MORs) present in nerves in the portal vein walls respond to peptides to regulate a gut-brain neural circuit that controls intestinal gluconeogenesis and satiety. In vitro, peptides and protein digests behave as MOR antagonists in ...
Fernandes Iva - - 2012
The bioavailability of flavanols, anthocyanins and anthocyanin-derived pigments like flavanol-anthocyanin dimers already reported to occur in food products is a major unsolved issue. The absorption of the flavanol-anthocyanin dimer (+)-catechin-(4,8)-malvidin-3-O-glucoside (Cat-Mv3glc) through Caco-2 cells was assessed by performing transepithelial transport assays. The ability of Cat-Mv3glc to cross Caco-2 cells was ...
Yasuda Tohru - - 2012
To clarify the functional roles of urotensin II in regulating energy balance, we investigated the effects of a central infusion of urotensin II on food intake, uncoupling protein (UCP) 1 mRNA expression, temperature, and sympathetic nervous system activity in brown adipose tissue (BAT), a site that regulates energy expenditure in ...
Tanaka Aki - - 2012
To identify associations among change in body weight, behavioral stress score, food intake score, and development of upper respiratory tract infection (URI) among cats admitted to an animal shelter. Prospective cohort study. Animals-60 adult cats admitted to an animal shelter. Body weight was measured on days 0 (intake), 7, 14, ...
Mensching Donna A - - 2012
The role of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) was investigated in the occurrence of feline hyperthyroidism (FH) by evaluating 15 PBDE congeners in serum from 62 client-owned (21 euthyroid, 41 hyperthyroid) and 10 feral cats. Total serum PBDE concentrations in euthyroid cats were not significantly different from those of hyperthyroid cats. ...
Rossi Fabrizio - - 2012
Loss of function of pins (partner of inscuteable) partially disrupts neuroblast (NB) polarity and asymmetric division, results in fewer and smaller NBs and inhibits Drosophila larval brain growth. Food deprivation also inhibits growth. However, we find that the combination of loss of function of pins and dietary restriction results in ...
Ishida Rinei - - 2012
Three cats were diagnosed as having food hypersensitivity by food elimination and oral food provocation tests. Twelve allergenic food ingredients were identified by oral food provocation test in the 3 cats. Of the 12 food ingredients, 9 offending food antigens were shown to be positive on lymphocyte stimulation test; however, ...
Kitamura Akihiko - - 2012
The gustatory and visceral stimulation from food regulates digestion and nutrient utilization, and free glutamate (Glu) release from food is responsible for the umami taste perception that increases food palatability. The results of recent studies reveal a variety of physiological roles for Glu. For example, luminal applications of Glu into ...
Fraley Gregory S - - 2012
Alarin is a member of the galanin family of neuropeptides that includes galanin and galanin-like peptide (GALP). Alarin is an alternate transcript of the GALP gene and is expressed in the brain and periphery. Recently, it was shown in male rats that alarin is an orexigenic peptide that also regulates ...
Schüssler Petra - - 2012
The neuropeptide ghrelin is a major signal for food intake in various species including humans. After exogenous ghrelin administration, food intake and body weight increase in rodents. In normal human subjects, ghrelin administration increases self-rated appetite and calorie intake and prompts the imagination of favorite meals. It is unclear so ...
Simpson K - - 2012
The control of food intake consists of neural and hormonal signals between the gut and central nervous system (CNS). Gut hormones such as CCK, PYY and PP signal to important areas in the CNS involved in appetite regulation to terminate a meal. These hormones can act directly via the circulation ...
Galindo María Mercedes - - 2012
Personal experience, learned eating behaviors, hormones, neurotransmitters, and genetic variations affect food consumption. The decision of what to eat is modulated by taste, olfaction, and oral textural perception. Taste, in particular, has an important input into food preference, permitting individuals to differentiate nutritive and harmful substances and to select nutrients. ...
Rattanachaikunsopon Pongsak - - 2012
The development of Lactobacillus plantarum to be used in starter cultures in the food industry has been limited because of the lack of a food-grade cloning vector for the bacterium. In this study, the plasmid pFLP1 was constructed by joining 2 DNA fragments derived from food-approved organisms. The 5.2-kb BamHI/KpnI ...
Wichert Brigitta - - 2012
Obesity is a common problem in cats. In the experimental cat family of the institute of animal nutrition besides a "normal" lean phenotype, cats with predisposition to an overweight phenotype are present. To investigate energy requirements and food intake behaviour of intact male cats of different phenotypes, six "normal" lean ...
Oliveira-Maia Albino J - - 2012
The insular cortex (IC) contains the primary sensory cortex for oral chemosensation including gustation, and its integrity is required for appropriate control of feeding behavior. However, it remains unknown whether the role of this brain area in food selection relies on the presence of peripheral taste input. Using multielectrode recordings, ...
Hoskins Leah J - - 2011
Studying the endocrine regulation of food intake in fish can be challenging due to the diversity in appetite-regulating hormones and the diversity within the fish group itself. Studies show that although the structure of the hormones is relatively conserved among vertebrates, their functions might vary between fish and mammals as ...
Yan Lingling - - 2011
This study examined the effects of a combined surgery of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and modified jejunoileal bypass (JIB) on the body weight, food intake, and the plasma levels of active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and total ghrelin of rats. Rats were divided into 3 groups in terms of different surgical protocol: ...
Lippl Florian - - 2011
Ghrelin is the only peripheral orexigenic peptide of gastrointestinal origin. Its preprandial increase is supposed to initiate food intake. This assumption is based on studies with intravenously infused ghrelin in rather high doses and the correlation between ghrelin levels and hunger sensations. As yet it is unclear whether or not ...
Østbye Truls - - 2012
The postpartum period may be critical for the development of midlife obesity. Identifying factors associated with postpartum weight change could aid in targeting women for healthy lifestyle interventions. Data from Active Mothers Postpartum (AMP), a study of overweight and obese postpartum women (n=450), were analyzed to determine the effect of ...
Bergeron Patrick - - 2011
Pulsed systems are characterized by boom and bust cycles of resource production that are expected to cascade through multiple trophic levels. Many of the consumers within pulsed resource systems have specific adaptations to cope with these cycles that may serve to either amplify or dampen their community-wide consequences. We monitored ...
Huynh Huy P V - - 2011
Australian catfish, T. tandanus were exposed to a short term pulse of chlorpyrifos at 2 or 10 μg L(-1) and grown in optimal conditions to investigate the effect of the pesticide on fish growth. The final weight was lower in fish exposed to chlorpyrifos (8.54 ± 0.19 and 8.77 ± 0.44 g) respectively compared to the control ...
Akimoto Yosuke - - 2011
Aging is associated with a progressive decrease in appetite and food intake. We focused on the age-associated changes of the stimulatory effect of the appetite-regulating peptide, ghrelin. Food intake and the concentrations of acyl ghrelin and desacyl ghrelin in the plasma and in the stomach were measured with and without ...
Zhao Zhi-Jun - - 2011
Most studies on the factors limiting sustained energy intake (SusEI) during peak lactation period have been performed in females at the 1st lactation event. However, an inconsistent change in SusEI is observed between the 1st and 2nd lactation event. Thus, the limits to SusEI may be associated with reproductive experiences, ...
Franceschini María Celeste - - 2011
Cornops aquaticum is a widely distributed semiaquatic grasshopper in the Neotropics. The development, feeding and oviposition of C. aquaticum take place on Pontederiaceae, especially on species of Eichhornia. Several aspects of the feeding of C. aquaticum are studied because is one of the most important herbivores of the highly invasive ...
Schug Thaddeus T - - 2011
Environmental chemicals have significant impacts on biological systems. Chemical exposures during early stages of development can disrupt normal patterns of development and thus dramatically alter disease susceptibility later in life. Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) interfere with the body's endocrine system and produce adverse developmental, reproductive, neurological, cardiovascular, metabolic and immune ...
Schmidt-Heydt Markus - - 2012
Penicillium.nordicum is an ochratoxin A producing filamentous fungus, which is adapted to sodium chloride and protein rich food environments like certain cheeses or dry cured meats. Penicillium.verrucosum usually occurs on cereals but can also be isolated from brined olives. It could be shown that sodium chloride has a profound influence ...
Patriarca A - - 2011
Sorbitol and xylitol are polyols often used in foods as naturally occurring sugar substitutes. They provide sweet taste and reduced calories in products of intermediate moisture. This type of food is susceptible to spoilage by xerophilic molds which affect shelf life of foods and produce significant losses. The aim of ...
Miyamoto Hirokuni - - 2011
Food produced via fermentation with mesophilic bacteria has been used to confer health benefits. In contrast, mammalian physiological responses to the intake of thermophile-fermented products have not been thoroughly investigated. We examined the effects of administering a compost extract consisting of fermented marine animals with thermophiles, including Bacillaceae, to pregnant ...
Bigot B - - 2011
A bacteriophage (phage) that infected strains of the species Listeria monocytogenes as well as Listeria ivanovii and Listeria welshimeri, but not Listeria grayi or Listeria innocua, was isolated from sheep faeces. The phage had a contractile tail and an icosohedral head indicating that it was a myovirus, and was morphologically ...
Stengel Andreas A CURE: Digestive Diseases Research Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles and Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA 90073, United States. - - 2011
Ghrelin is the only known peripherally produced and centrally acting peptide hormone that stimulates food intake and digestive functions. Ghrelin circulates as acylated and desacylated forms and recently the acylating enzyme, ghrelin-O-acyltransferase (GOAT) and the de-acylating enzyme, thioesterase 1/lysophospholipase 1 have been identified adding new layers of complexity to the ...
Mellegård Hilde - - 2011
Bacillus cereus is an endospore-forming bacterium able to cause food-associated illness. Different treatment processes are used in the food industry to reduce the number of spores and thereby the potential of foodborne disease. Chitosan is a polysaccharide with well-documented antibacterial activity towards vegetative cells. The activity against bacterial spores, spore ...
McCormick Susan P - - 2011
As the world's population grows, access to a safe food supply will continue to be a global priority. In recent years, the world has experienced an increase in mycotoxin contamination of grains due to climatic and agronomic changes that encourage fungal growth during cultivation. A number of the molds that ...
Shanmuganathan Devarajan - - 2011
Edible marine products (n=24) collected from the fish markets in Adelaide, Australia, were analysed for the presence of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). The total concentration of 11 PBDE congeners found in the marine products ranged from 1.01 to 45ng/g fresh weight. Among the samples analysed, imported silver fish and prawns ...
Fenske W K WK Department of Investigative Medicine, Imperial Weight Centre, Imperial College London, London, - - 2012
Patients show an elevated postprandial satiety gut hormone release after Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass (gastric bypass). The altered gut hormone response appears to have a prominent role in the reduction of appetite and body weight (BW) after gastric bypass. Patients with insufficient BW loss after gastric bypass have an attenuated postprandial ...
Szymanski Laura A - - 2011
Pulsatile luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion is suppressed by food restriction and rapidly restored by return to ad libitum feeding concomitant with an increase in the oxidation of free fatty acids, but no increase in plasma leptin concentrations or body fat content in ovariectomized ewes [1]. The ingestion of food may ...
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