Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 776
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Le Minh N - - 2001
The circadian timing system in mammals is composed of a master pacemaker in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus and slave clocks in most peripheral cell types. The phase of peripheral clocks can be completely uncoupled from the SCN pacemaker by restricted feeding. Thus, feeding time, while not affecting ...
Harper J R - - 2001
Malnourishment is a common finding in hospitalised elderly patients. It is often addressed by the provision of nutritional supplements, in the form of sip-feeds. Patients' intake of these is frequently inadequate. We assessed the palatability of sip-feed nutritional supplements and other high-energy foods to elderly medical in-patients. Using the Lickhert ...
Lam W K - - 2001
The role of soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill, pod trichomes on feeding by adult bean leaf beetles. Cerotoma trifurcata (Forster), was evaluated under laboratory and field conditions during 1997 and 1998. Three Clark isolines and 'Corsoy 79' were used to compare the feeding preference of the beetle on pods with ...
Mistlberger R E - - 2001
Rats anticipate a scheduled daily meal by entrainment of a circadian pacemaker separate from the light-entrainable circadian pacemaker located in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). The site and molecular mechanisms of the food-entrainable pacemaker are unknown. The intrinsic period (tau) of the SCN pacemaker is significantly lengthened by deuteriation. Sensitivity of ...
Tachibana T - - 2001
It is thought that hypothalamic 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) and norepinephrine (NE) are involved in the regulation of feeding in chicks. The present study was conducted to elucidate changes in the levels of extracellular 5HT and NE in the hypothalamus during feeding of chicks. In order to measure 5HT, NE and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylglycol ...
Barling K S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of serologic status for Neospora caninum on short-term weight gain, feed intake, and feed efficiency (feed intake/gain). DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. ANIMALS: 34 weaned mixed-breed beef steers. PROCEDURE: Serologic status for N. caninum was determined for each steer on days 0 (weaning), 88, 116, 144, ...
Ahearn W H - - 2001
Some children with autism and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) have been reported to have atypical feeding behavior, such as sensitivity to food texture and selective preferences for particular foods. No systematic studies of feeding behavior in this population have been published. Munk and Repp (1994) developed methods for ...
Lifschitz Carlos H. - - 2001
This article focuses on factors related to decreased food intake of infants and children, but does not address anorexia or bulimia nervosa. The nature of feeding problems may be behavioral, organic, or a mixture of both. Behavioral problems that affect intake have their roots in 1) parental or cultural expectations ...
Baruah M - - 2001
The food and feeding behaviour of Amphiesma stolatum was studied. A total of 117 snakes were examined to analyse the diet composition. Ten live snakes were maintained in enclosure for evaluating the feeding habit, choice of food and rate of assimilation. The anurans constituted the major diet of the food ...
Dobly A - - 2001
The common spiny mice Acomys dimidiatus and golden spiny mice Acomys russatus coexist in the extreme warm and dry parts of the Rift Valley in Israel. However, they are temporally segregated in that the former is nocturnal, whereas the latter is diurnal. Daily rhythms of physiological and behavioral variables in ...
Bashaw M J. - - 2001
Stereotypic behavior has been investigated in a wide variety of animals, but little published information is available on this problem in captive exotic ungulates. A survey was used to gather information on the prevalence of stereotypic behavior in giraffe and okapi and to identify variables associated with these behaviors. Of ...
Anderson A S - - 2001
To identify a range of attitudes and beliefs which influence the timing of introduction to solid food, five focus group discussions were undertaken within a maternity hospital setting. These sessions explored early feeding behaviour, stimuli to changing feeding habits and subsequent responses in 22 primiparous and seven multiparous mothers (mean ...
Bahal S M - - 2001
Flexible tubings are extensively used in pharmaceuticals, food industry, and in hospitals. This study was undertaken to compare various flexible tubings to determine their sorption characteristics, using methyl and propyl parabens. After 24 h, some tubings showed 100% sorption of propylparaben and over 40% for methylparaben. Significant losses were observed ...
Bolliet V - - 2001
The effect of light-dark (LD) cycle and food availability was tested on the demand-feeding rhythm of single and groups of rainbow trout and European catfish. Under LD and free food access, most trout and catfish displayed, respectively, a diurnal and a nocturnal pattern of demand-feeding activity, whereas a few fish ...
Oklejewicz M - - 2001
The variation in spontaneous meal patterning was studied in three genotypes (tau +/+, tau +/- and tau -/-) of the Syrian hamster with an altered circadian period. Feeding activity was monitored continuously in 13 individuals from each genotype in constant dim light conditions. All three genotypes had on average six ...
Keil N M. - - 2001
Intersucking, i.e. sub-adult or adult cattle sucking at the udder of herd-members, is a problem often reported in dairy herds that leads to udder health problems. The causes of intersucking are virtually unknown, and until now all available countermeasures treat only the symptoms of this behavioural problem. We examined (I) ...
Blackstone N W - - 2001
Colonial metazoans often encrust surfaces over which the food supply varies in time or space. In such an environment, adaptive colony development entails adjusting the timing and spacing of feeding structures and gastrovascular connections to correspond to this variable food supply. To investigate the possibility of such adaptive growth, within-colony ...
Marchioni D M - - 2001
The infant feeding practices in the first year of life are of fundamental importance for their growth and development. This study was carried out aiming at checking on the prevalence of food intake by the infants during their first year of life. One-hundred-and-seventy-five children aged up to one year, attended ...
Pérez-Barbería F J - - 2001
In ungulates it is argued that specialization in the consumption of a particular type of food (feeding style) is reflected in morphological adaptations of the organs involved in the selection, processing and digestion of food. We analysed the differences in size and morphology of some oral traits that have been ...
Haskell M J. - - 2001
It has been observed that when a new diet formulation, or a new batch of the same diet formulation, is presented to poultry, there is a transitory suppression of feeding. It appears that the birds do not recognise the food as being edible, or classify it as being 'unknown'. In ...
Beattie T K - - 2001
A simulated ward study was carried out to compare the microbiological risk of assembling and running four different enteral feeding systems for 24 h. Assembly was carried out, (i) according to manufacturers' instructions with hands either covered by disposable gloves or deliberately contaminated with a test organism, or (ii) touching ...
Secor S M - - 2001
Among snakes a correlation exists between feeding habits (frequent or infrequent) and the magnitude by which digestive performance is regulated (modest or large). This paper investigates whether the observed regulation of digestive performance is an adaptation to feeding habits and therefore, a product of natural selection. Using data on metabolic ...
von Werthern C J - - 2001
A new percutaneous insertion technique for esophageal feeding tubes in cats is presented. The technique has been successfully applied in 12 feline patients. The placement technique is relatively simple, takes approximately five minutes to perform, and requires a scalpel blade, a curved hemostat, and an applicator for the insertion of ...
Moran S - - 2001
Two methyl anthranilate formulations, ReJex-iT TP-40 and AG-36, were tested as bird-repelling agents for animal feed and vegetable sprouts, respectively. Feral pigeons (Columbia livia) and house sparrows (Passer domesticus) are important pests of animal husbandry and field crops in Israel. In each 4-day experiment, four birds were held together in ...
Wong W H. - - 2001
Food availability and feeding responses of the green mussel Perna viridis were investigated for two complete tidal cycles during both spring and neap tides. Temporal changes in total particulate matter (TPM), particulate inorganic matter (PIM) and particulate organic matter (POM), were smaller during neap than spring tides. Seston characteristics at ...
McPhee C P. - - 2001
Peri-partum posture and behaviour of gilts from lines selected for different components of efficient lean growth were studied to determine if behavioural changes may have been associated with the observed responses in reproductive performance. The proportions of time that gilts expressed defined posture and behaviour traits and the locations of ...
Gillick M R - - 2001
Several religious traditions are widely believed to advocate the use of life-sustaining treatment in all circumstances. Hence, many believe that these faiths would require the use of a feeding tube in patients with advanced dementia who have lost interest in or the capacity to swallow food. This article explores whether ...
Reinhard J - - 2001
The paired labial glands are located in all termite species in the thorax. During food exploitation workers of the French termite Reticulitermes santonensis and the African termite Schedorhinotermes lamanianus release the secretion of their labial glands directly onto the food. The secretion carries a water-soluble, heat-resistant, nonvolatile signal that stimulates ...
Davidson A J - - 2001
Restricted daily food access acts as an entraining stimulus (zeitgeber) for a circadian clock, the feeding-entrainable oscillator (FEO). There are many properties of a daily meal that could potentially convey timing information to the FEO. Olfactory cues associated with feeding are one such property. In order to rule out olfaction ...
Reinhard J - - 2001
The labial gland of the French subterranean termite Reticulitermes santonensis De Feytaud contains a polar, heat-resistent, and persistent chemical signal that is released onto the food during food exploitation and stimulates feeding in nestmates. Separation of the labial gland secretion by thin-layer chromatography on cellulose plates revealed that the secretion ...
Aceret T L - - 2001
The alcyonacean soft coral Sinularia flexibilis Quoy and Gaimard produces a number of bioactive complementary (secondary) metabolites. The ability of three of these diterpenes - flexibilide, sinulariolide and dihydroflexibilide - to elicit differential discriminatory feeding behavior in Gambusia affinis was assessed in a feeding deterrence study. Terpene-impregnated fish flakes were ...
Bernays EA - - 2001
Individual grasshoppers were observed foraging on either single food plant species or binary mixtures of them. Individuals ate slightly less on the mixtures, but grew faster on them. In the mixtures, individuals fed regularly from both plant species, typically eating both within a single meal. Feeding bouts were longer on ...
Neiderman M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Refeeding patients with anorexia nervosa can be one of the more challenging aspects of their treatment, and particularly if all food and fluids are adamantly and persistently refused. METHOD: If the decision is made to augment or replace oral feeds, the most common intervention is nasogastric feeding. RESULTS: Although ...
Durier V - - 2000
Female German cockroaches, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) and nymphs (stages 1, 3 and 6) were used to test the attractiveness and the feeding stimulation of several commercial gel formulations of insecticide food baits in laboratory binary choice tests. The four toxic gel baits tested were: 'Avert' (0.05% abamectin=avermectin B1), ...
Ayano R - - 2000
Since the 1980s the Department of Hygiene and Oral Health at the Showa University School of Dentistry has focused its research efforts on the development of feeding function and disorders. In addition, we have treated dysphagic children and dysphagic elderly using our feeding training program approach. The developmental course of ...
Mills SC - - 2000
The sea urchin Echinometra mathaei is the most abundant herbivore on many tropical reefs. We studied the ingestion and digestion diel rhythms, transformation of algal turf and bioerosion attributable to this species on the Tiahura fringing reef in French Polynesia. Ingestion rates showed a circadian rhythm with most feeding taking ...
Tamura F - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to establish an assessment method for evaluation of hand and mouth coordination during self-feeding. The subjects were four normally developed infants. Their feeding behavior was videotaped at two or four week intervals (from age eight months to thirty-six months). The items analyzed were nine ...
Tachibana T - - 2000
Norepinephrinergic function in the medial hypothalamus is important for the regulation of feeding behavior in chicks as well as in rats. This study was conducted to clarify the variation of extracellular norepinephrine (NE) in the medial hypothalamus, including the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMN), during feeding ...
Zimmerman PH - - 2000
Thwarting of feeding behaviour in the laying hen results in an increase in stereotyped pacing, displacement preening, and the gakel-call. These behaviours therefore reflect the frustration arousal caused by the thwarting of feeding behaviour. This raises the question whether the level of frustration also varies with the intensity of the ...
Kittner H - - 2000
In order to investigate whether endogenous adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) is involved in the regulation of feeding, the influence of the P(2) receptor antagonist pyridoxalphospate-6-azophenyl-2', 4'-disulphonic acid (PPADS) infused into the rat nucleus accumbens on 18-h food-deprived feeding was tested. PPADS suppressed the feeding-induced dopamine release and reduced the amount of ...
Yasar S - - 2000
To test whether the improvements in digestive efficiency due to either wetting of the food or inclusion of enzymes are accompanied by the same changes in gut function, foods with a high content of wheat were fed to broiler chicks from 1-42 d old. Twenty-four birds were caged individually while ...
Herskin M S - - 2000
In order to improve methods to investigate individual variation in responses of cattle toward novel food, the influence of food type offered to neighbors and time of testing were investigated in tethered heifers. Twenty-four Danish Friesian heifers were used in two 2 x 3 factorial experiments, using 8 kg of ...
Feistner A T - - 2000
Food sharing behavior was investigated by studying 10 captive black lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysopygus) infants (six litters) between the ages of four and 26 weeks. The frequency of sharing by parents in response to infant begging increased steadily from the age of five to nine weeks, but then declined gradually, ...
Savory CJ - - 2000
Growing broiler breeder chickens are fed restricted rations to limit body weight at sexual maturity. This experiment tested a proposal (Brouns, F., Edwards, S.A., English, P.R., 1994. Effect of dietary fibre and feeding system on activity and oral behaviour of group housed gilts. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 39, 215-223.) that ...
Olsson O - - 2000
According to theory, a small diurnal bird living in a predictable environment should have the highest feeding effort as late as possible in the day in order to minimize the time it carries large and costly reserves. The feeding effort should also decline with increasing food availability. We tested both ...
Gutentag S - - 2000
A 3-year-old medically fragile girl who refused to eat after prolonged and frequent hospitalizations was started on a feeding program in the home and school settings. She exhibited food aversions and received all nourishment via a gastronomy tube. Preevaluation observations of her feeding behavior revealed that she refused all presented ...
Peláez F - - 2000
In a group of rhesus monkeys, feeding tactics of juveniles were studied in a competitive situation in which food presentation had been modified, and where food was supplied in a feeding trough six times a day. Juvenile offspring of high-ranking mothers remained longer in the feeding area gathering food. In ...
Ruesink JL - - 2000
Mesograzers (herbivores <2.5 cm) are both diverse and abundant, but their relative effects on intertidal communities have rarely been quantified. Here I examine the effects of crustacean and polychaete mesograzers on two intertidal resources, the red alga Odonthalia floccosa Esp. (Falkenb.) and the epiphytic diatom Isthmia nervosa Kütz. The mesograzers ...
Neuberger M - - 2000
A preventive action limit for dioxins in feed for broiler chickens and pigs was set to 2 pg toxic equivalents/g feed in Austria. This limit was effective in the detection of feed contamination from an imported mineral additive, and in the prevention of food contamination according to WHO tolerable daily ...
Haskell MJ - - 2000
Previous research into oral persistence in pigs has shown that the relationship between motivation and performance of stereotypy is not a simple one, and that non-specific motivational factors such as arousal may be important. For chronically food-restricted sows the time before food arrives is characterised by increasing excitement and arousal ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >