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Bertoldi M L - - 2011
Ghrelin (Ghr) is a gut/hypothalamus peptide with inhibitory actions on reproductive physiology; however, there are no previous reports of its role on estrous behavior. Under the hypothesis that the increase of plasma Ghr during food restriction (FR) is responsible for receptivity reduction, we intended to evaluate the receptivity percentage of ...
Bratanova Boyka - - 2011
Most people love animals and love eating meat. One way of reducing this conflict is to deny that animals suffer and have moral rights. We suggest that the act of categorizing an animal as 'food' may diminish their perceived capacity to suffer, which in turn dampens our moral concern. Participants ...
Kiørboe Thomas - - 2011
Zooplankton is a morphologically and taxonomically diverse group and includes organisms that vary in size by many orders of magnitude, but they are all faced with the common problem of collecting food from a very dilute suspension. In order to maintain a viable population in the face of mortality, zooplankton ...
Sheen Shiowshuh - - 2011
Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) continues to pose a food safety hazard in ready-to-eat (RTE) meats due to potential cross-contamination. Chlorine is commonly used to sanitize processing equipment and utensils. However, Lm may survive the treatment and then contaminate food products. The objective of this study was to characterize the behavior of ...
Novakova Lucie - - 2011
Weight gain has been reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) treated with deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS). To evaluate the influence of STN-DBS on weight changes, we studied food-related hormones. Anthropometric parameters and food-related hormones (leptin, adiponectin, resistin, ghrelin, cortisol, insulin, and thyroid stimulating hormone) were ...
Cleasby Ian R - - 2011
Variation in food supply during early development can influence growth rate and body size in many species. However, whilst the detrimental effects of food restriction have often been studied in natural populations, how young individuals respond to an artificial increase in food supply is rarely investigated. Here, we investigated both ...
Zlotkin Stanley - - 2011
The etiology of micronutrient deficiencies in infancy is well described. The deficiencies are caused by one of the following four scenarios: (a) low initial stores of micronutrients from micronutrient deficiency during gestation, premature birth or low birthweight; (b) rapid postnatal growth; (c) ingestion of foods with low concentration of micronutrients, ...
Costantini Vivian J A - - 2011
Ghrelin is a 28-amino-acid polypeptide expressed in the stomach and hypothalamus that stimulates GH secretion, increases food intake (FI) and promotes body weight (BW) gain most likely via activation of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor type 1a (GHSR1a). GSK1614343 is a novel selective and potent GHSR antagonist with no partial ...
Khan Ashraful Islam - - 2011
There is a lack of information on the optimal timing of food supplementation to malnourished pregnant women and possible combined effects of food and multiple micronutrient supplementations (MMS) on their offspring's growth. We evaluated the effects of prenatal food and micronutrient interventions on postnatal child growth. The hypothesis was that ...
Oostindjer Marije - - 2011
Perinatal flavour learning through the maternal diet is known to enhance flavour preference and acceptance of flavoured food in many species, yet still little is known about the mechanism underlying perinatal flavour learning. Previously we found positive effects of perinatal flavour learning on food intake, growth and behaviour of piglets ...
Disantis Katherine I - - 2011
Behavioral mechanisms that contribute to the association between breastfeeding and reduced obesity risk are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis that feeding human milk from the breast (direct breastfeeding) has a more optimal association with subsequent child appetite regulation behaviors and growth, when compared ...
Nafeaa Abeer A Physiology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Moshtohor, Benha University, Benha, - - 2011
This study aimed to evaluate effect of stage of feed restriction on performance and productivity of pregnant does. New Zealand white female rabbits were randomly divided into three groups. Control group was provided daily with 185 g of food increased to 200 g from the 15th day of gestation. R(1) was offered ...
Suzuki Keisuke K Section of Investigative Medicine, Imperial College London, London W12 0NN, - - 2011
Obesity has received much attention worldwide in association with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and cancer. At present, bariatric surgery is the only effective treatment for obesity in which long-term weight loss is achieved in patients. By contrast, pharmacological interventions for obesity are usually followed by weight regain. ...
Kochukhova Olga - - 2010
This study relies on eye tracking technology to investigate how humans perceive others' feeding actions. Results demonstrate that 6-month-olds (n = 54) anticipate that food is brought to the mouth when observing an adult feeding herself with a spoon. Still, they fail to anticipate self-propelled (SP) spoons that move toward ...
Konuma Junji - - 2011
A stout-slender dimorphism in body shape is observed among carabid beetles of the subtribe Carabina, which feed on land snails. We hypothesized that this dimorphism has resulted from divergent ecological specialization for feeding on different-sized land snails. Therefore, we examined whether the geographic variation in the body shape of Damaster ...
Hirao Akiko - - 2010
Although the circadian liver clock is entrained by the feeding cycle, factors such as food volume and starvation interval are poorly understood. Per2::Luc knock-in mice were given two meals per day with different food volume sizes and/or with different intervals of starvation between two mealtimes with the total food volume ...
Hafuka Akira - - 2011
We investigated the effects of different feeding regimens (1-pulse, stepwise, and continuous) of fermented food-waste liquid on polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) production. The fermentation liquid was filtered with a membrane filter (pore size, 0.45 μm) to remove anaerobic microorganisms and solids and used as a carbon source for Cupriavidus necator. One-pulse feeding ...
Wright Charlotte M - - 2011
The baby-led weaning philosophy proposes that when solids are introduced, infants should be encouraged to self-feed with solid food, as opposed to spoon-feeding purees. We used data from the Gateshead Millennium Study (GMS) to define the range of ages at which infants reach out for and eat finger foods and ...
Kasai Masanori - - 2010
Feeding and locomotor activities of the Japanese catfish Plotosus japonicus under solitary condition were recorded to identify mechanisms controlling these behaviours. In the absence of food, the catfish showed nocturnal locomotor activity, but no feeding activity. Under ad libitum food conditions, both feeding and locomotor activities occurred during the dark ...
Köhler Angela - - 2010
Floral nectars of bird-pollinated plants are relatively dilute. One hypothesis proposed to explain this concerns the difficulty for birds of drinking nectar of high viscosity. We examined the effects of viscosity, separately from those of sugar concentration, on feeding by captive whitebellied sunbirds (Cinnyris talatala). Viscosities of artificial nectar (sucrose ...
Mazzoni R - - 2010
In the present study we aimed to compare the feeding ecology of Hypostomus punctatus from a coastal stream from Southeast Brazil with data previously published for the same study site before environmental changes. Feeding preferences were assessed through a sample of 138 specimens (67 from the dry and 71 from ...
Rueda-Zozaya P - - 2011
Digestibility, feed efficiency, and the effect of sex were evaluated in black iguanas (Ctenosaura pectinata) using two commercial pellets (rabbit and chicken). The experiment was performed in 80 iguanas in a completely randomized design with a factorial arrangement 2×2 over 105 days. No differences were detected by food type in ...
Haas Angela M - - 2010
Feeding disorders are increasingly being recognized in children with food allergy. For some children, symptoms of feeding dysfunction may persist after allergens are removed from the diet secondary to learned associations with food and discomfort and reinforcement of maladaptive feeding behaviors. Many food allergic children require care from a multidisciplinary ...
Fischer C - - 2010
Feeding rates of the gynogenetic Amazon molly Poecilia formosa and one of its sexual hosts, the sailfin molly Poecilia latipinna, were measured under winter and summer temperature conditions. Food consumption of the unisexual P. formosa in winter conditions was significantly higher than that of P. latipinna, and it is hypothesized ...
Shibata Shigenobu - - 2010
Daily restricted feeding entrains the circadian rhythm of mouse clock gene expression in the central nervous system, excluding the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), as well as in the peripheral tissues such as the liver, lung, and heart. In addition to entrainment of the clock genes, daily restricted feeding induces a locomotor ...
Hoorfar Jeffrey - - 2011
Biotracing is tracing (backward)/tracking (forward) biological contamination in the food/feed chain. Advances in detection technologies, improvements in molecular marker identification, clearer understanding of pathogenicity markers, improved modelling methodologies and, more importantly, the integration of these disciplines will lead to better capability in full-chain tracing and tracking biological contaminations (biotracing). The ...
Ferri Francesca F Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Università di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43125, Parma, - - 2010
The present study aimed at verifying whether and why sequences of actions directed to oneself are facilitated when compared to action sequences directed to conspecifics. In experiment 1, participants reached to grasp and brought a piece of food either to their own mouth for self-feeding or to the mouth of ...
Michaelsen Kim F - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review presents a selection of publications on complementary feeding in industrialized countries during 2008-2009, after the publication of the ESPGHAN position paper in early 2008. RECENT FINDINGS: The WHO recommendation for introduction of complementary feeding at 6 months is adapted in many countries, but the issue ...
Cottle Lauren - - 2010
In summer 2007, with the help of a written questionnaire, the attitudes of more than 400 visitors to the zoological garden of Zurich, Switzerland, toward the idea of feeding live insects to lizards, live fish to otters, and live rabbits to tigers were investigated. The majority of Swiss zoo visitors ...
Sandoval C M - - 2010
Belminus ferroae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) was collected from houses in the localities of San Alberto and Santa Catalina in the municipality of Toledo, Department of Norte de Santander, Colombia. Precipitin tests revealed that the main hosts of B. ferroae are insects belonging to the order Blattodea, whose haemolymph serves as food ...
Estevez I - - 2010
In captivity, the positioning of structural enrichment and food resources influences behavior and space use. The aim of this experiment was to examine the influence of cover panels and the positioning of food resources on the movement and space use of domestic fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus). Eight groups of 45 ...
Meguerditchian Adrien A Department of Psychology, Research Center in Psychology of Cognition, Language and Emotion, Aix-Marseille University, 13621 Aix-en-Provence, - - 2010
Predominance of right-handedness has historically been considered as a hallmark of human evolution. Whether nonhuman primates exhibit population-level manual bias remains a controversial topic. Here, we investigated the hypothesis that bimanual coordinated activities may be a key-behavior in our ancestors for the emergence and evolution of human population-level right-handedness. To ...
Feillet C A - - 2010
Many daily cycles are imposed on us by our environment, such as alternating days and nights, temperature fluctuations or rhythms in food availability. When food is accessible every day at the same time, animals will adapt their physiology and behaviour to match the daily meal. They will anticipate the access ...
Magan Naresh - - 2010
Mycotoxigenic fungi colonizing food matrices are inevitably competing with a wide range of other resident fungi. The outcomes of these interactions are influenced by the prevailing environmental conditions and the competing species. We have evaluated the competitiveness of F. culmorum and A. carbonarius in the grain and grape food chain ...
Mendoza J - - 2010
Animals fed daily at the same time exhibit circadian food-anticipatory activity (FAA), which has been suggested to be driven by one or several food-entrainable oscillators (FEOs). FAA is altered in mice lacking some circadian genes essential for timekeeping in the main suprachiasmatic clock (SCN). Here, we confirmed that single mutations ...
Mendoza Jorge - - 2010
The cerebellum participates in motor coordination as well as in numerous cerebral processes, including temporal discrimination. Animals can predict daily timing of food availability, as manifested by food-anticipatory activity under restricted feeding. By studying ex vivo clock gene expression by in situ hybridization and recording in vitro Per1-luciferase bioluminescence, we ...
Batal M - - 2010
This first, large-scale study on complementary feeding in Lebanon analysed the timing and types of food introduced to infants according to mothers' demographic and socioeconomic and infants' characteristics. A cross-sectional survey over 10 months found that the majority of infants were introduced to solid foods at or after 4 months ...
Velimirov Alberta - - 2010
Feeding experiments comparing organically and conventionally produced food are performed to assess the overall impact on the animals' health as a model for the effects experienced by the human consumers. These experiments are based on systems research and characterized by their focus on production methods, whole food testing and procedures ...
Hockings Kimberley J - - 2010
It has been proposed that exploitation of underground storage organs (USOs) played an important role in the evolution of the genus Homo, these items serving as 'fallback foods' during periods of low food availability. The use of USOs as food by wild chimpanzees is infrequent and seen mostly in populations ...
Mendoza Jorge J Département de Neurobiologie des Rythmes UPR 3212, CNRS, Associéà l'Université de Strasbourg, Institut de Neurosciences Cellulaires et Intégratives, France. - - 2010
Under special restricted feeding conditions the mammalian circadian clock, contained in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), can be entrained by food. During food restriction, hungry animals are very motivated to obtain food. This motivational state could be a key component in altering the SCN timing by feeding. In order to ...
Shen Sheng-Feng - - 2010
Offspring often compete over limited available resources. Such sibling competition may be detrimental to parents both because it entails wasted expenditure and because it allows stronger offspring to obtain a disproportionate share of resources. We studied nestling conflict over food and its resolution in a joint-nesting species of bird, the ...
Wu Tao - - 2010
Although studies involving the circadian response to external time cues indicate that the peripheral clocks are dominated mainly by food cues, whether and how changes in the light and food cues affect the circadian rhythm of the renal clock is still largely unknown. In the present study, we found that ...
Vivanco Pablo - - 2010
Octodon degus, a mainly diurnal rodent, characterized by its ability to shift to a nocturnal locomotor pattern under laboratory conditions, was studied to determine whether restricted food access during the scotophase could induce nocturnalism. To address this question, wheel running activity, feeding, and body temperature rhythms were analyzed for diurnal ...
Lin Li-Chan - - 2010
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors of institutionalised older people for developing low food intake. BACKGROUND: Eating difficulties among patients with dementia have been identified in western society and typically progress as dementia advances. Findings from previous studies reflect that low food intake or ...
Wu Tao - - 2010
The synchronization of the master clock to photic cues is associated with a rapid induction of Per1, which plays an important role in initiating light-induced circadian resetting. However, the transcriptional mechanisms of clock gene expression in food-entrainable peripheral clocks have not been fully assessed. To understand how food cues might ...
Schmidt Katrin - - 2010
Early feeding studies on Meganyctiphanes norvegica described the morphology of the feeding appendages and the actual process of food uptake and digestion. Insights into diurnal, seasonal and ontogenetic pattern in feeding activity and diet were derived from field studies on the Clyde Sea population. Since then, technical advances have confirmed ...
Hsu Jennifer L - - 2010
The ability to entrain circadian rhythms to food availability is important for survival. Food-entrained circadian rhythms are characterized by increased locomotor activity in anticipation of food availability (food anticipatory activity). However, the molecular components and neural circuitry underlying the regulation of food anticipatory activity remain unclear. Here we show that ...
Krenn Harald W HW Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. - - 2010
The form and function of the mouthparts in adult Lepidoptera and their feeding behavior are reviewed from evolutionary and ecological points of view. The formation of the suctorial proboscis encompasses a fluid-tight food tube, special linking structures, modified sensory equipment, and novel intrinsic musculature. The evolution of these functionally important ...
Wu Xiling X Department of Veterinary and Comparative Anatomy, Pharmacology, and Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6520, - - 2010
Neuronal PAS domain protein 2 (Npas2) is a clock gene expressed widely in brain and peripheral tissues. NPAS2 is responsive to cellular metabolic state and mutation of this gene impairs adaptation to restricted feeding schedules, suggesting that NPAS2 is required for effective control of a food-entrainable oscillator. However, an alternative ...
Go Moe - - 2010
Feeding sites of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) change according to seasonal fluctuations in food resource distribution. To examine what characteristics of food items affect feeding site selection, I describe herein the seasonal changes in food items, feeding sites, and food resource distributions of this species. Feeding behavior of monkeys and ...
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