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Results 301 - 350 of 419
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Westendorf M L - - 1993
Relationships between alkaloid compounds in endophyte-infected tall fescue and ruminal metabolism were studied in two experiments. In the first experiment, different combinations of the pyrrolizidine alkaloids, N-formyl and N-acetyl loline, were incubated with ruminal fluid for 0, 24, or 48 h. Rate of disappearance of N-formyl and N-acetyl loline increased ...
Bonnemoy F - - 1993
The establishment of a fungal population composed of the main species usually found in ruminants in the rumen of gnotobiotic lambs did not significantly alter the in sacco digestibility of meat meal and soybean cake. The proteolytic activity of the rumen fluid against 14C-casein was not affected by the fungi. ...
DeRouen S M - - 1992
Carcass data from 1,494 straightbred and rotational crossbred steers were collected over four generations. Mating systems included straightbreds (Angus [A], Brahman [B], Charolais [C], and Hereford [H]); two-breed rotations (A-B, C-B, and H-B); three-breed rotations (A-B-C, A-B-H, and B-C-H); and a four-breed rotation (A-B-C-H). Steers were randomly allocated to one ...
Horak I G - - 1992
Four to 10 Dorper sheep on each of 12 farms in the Cape Province and 3 farms in the Orange Free State were examined for adult ixodid ticks at approximately 2- to 4-weekly intervals over periods varying from 4 to 18 months, commencing during January, February or April 1989. The ...
Gabaj M M - - 1992
In 1985-1988, 2287 farm animals (cattle, camels, sheep, goats, horses, donkeys, dogs and rabbits) suspected of carrying parasitic mites were examined at 58 farms throughout Libya. Mites were identified on 1303 of these animals. The commonest parasites on cattle were Psoroptes and Chorioptes, on camels and sheep were Sarcoptes and ...
Wierzcho?? E - - 1992
The aim of this study was to determine the efficiency of a porcine pituitary gonadotrophin extract with a defined pLH content in the superovulation of sheep. Estrus was synchronized in 61 Polish Mountain ewes with intravaginal fluorogestone acetate sponges. Twenty-four hours before the sponges were removed, the ewes underwent different ...
el-Azazy O M - - 1992
Data on traumatic myiasis caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax in Libya were reported from August 1988 until February 1989. A total of 468 cases of screwworm myiasis were recorded in seven species of livestock and 229 humans, mainly children, were also found to be infested. Cattle and sheep were the most ...
Marović G - - 1992
After the Chernobyl nuclear accident, game meat and, in particular, sheep meat in the Republic of Croatia showed a high degree of radioactive contamination compared to large livestock. The activity concentrations of 131I, 134Cs, and 137Cs were measured in meat and internal organs (i.e., lung, liver, kidney, and heart) of ...
Wosu L O - - 1992
In the tropical rain forest zone of Southern Nigeria Fulani zebus were investigated for the incidence of trypanosomes. The animals had been settled in this area for at least 3 years. Although cattle in the southern part of the country exhibited a significantly higher incidence of trypanosomes than cattle in ...
Gezon H M - - 1991
From 1973 through 1988, 518 external and internal abscesses were diagnosed in a large commercial goat herd. Of the 518 abscesses, 238 were primary and 280 were secondary abscesses in the same or other anatomic locations. During this period, the herd varied in size from 94 goats in 1973 to ...
Kimberlin R H - - 1991
None of the diseases caused by the "unconventional slow viruses" is highly infectious in its natural host. Transmission of infection to other species only occurs if the effective dose is high enough to overcome the species barrier. The current epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in the U.K. is believed ...
Binienda Z - - 1990
Food deprivation during pregnancy leads to an increase in maternal and fetal prostaglandin (PG) production and increased uterine contractility. We investigated the effect of maintaining fetal normoglycemia during food withdrawal-induced maternal hypoglycemia on uterine 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGFM) production and myometrial activity in late pregnant sheep. Pregnant sheep were surgically ...
Majak W - - 1990
Strained ruminal fluid was collected from cattle fed five diets at two locations to determine in vitro rates of cyanogenesis from the glycosides amygdalin, prunasin and linamarin. Rates of dissociation for the corresponding aglycones, benzaldehyde cyanohydrin and acetone cyanohydrin, also were determined. Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) in ruminal fluid was determined ...
McGuirk S M - - 1990
Bradycardia was documented in 12 cattle from which food has been withheld for 48 hours in preparation for general anesthesia and an elective surgical procedure. The heart rates decreased by a mean of 14 beats/min, and 4 cows had sinus arrhythmia. To evaluate this finding, the heart rates of 21 ...
Parker R J - - 1990
Post-weaning coccidiosis occurs in dry conditions in the dry tropics of north Queensland. Despite heavy faecal contamination, oocysts are difficult to detect in cattle yards. Experiments demonstrated the destruction of Eimeria bovis, E. ellipsoidalis and E. zuernii oocysts by natural factors in simulated yard conditions. Desiccation was rapid and temperatures ...
Du Preez J H - - 1990
The Livestock Weather Safety Index (LWSI) indicates that in large areas of South Africa and South West Africa/Namibia and for prolonged periods of the year warm conditions are causing heat stress in food-producing animals, especially dairy cattle, thereby hampering their performance. South Africa and South West Africa/Namibia have been mapped ...
Holtenius K - - 1990
Fluid and electrolyte movements across the ruminal epithelium of sheep were studied using the temporarily isolated rumen technique. The sheep were all subjected to the following treatments: (1) fed sheep (fed twice daily), after rumen emptying, received rumen contents from a fed sheep; (2) food-deprived sheep (two meals were omitted), ...
Grenet E - - 1989
Four types of hay were used: an early-cut and a late-cut lucerne (Medicago sativa) and an early-cut and a late-cut ryegrass (Lolium italicum). Digestibility and voluntary intake were measured on six adult sheep maintained in metabolism crates and fed 10% above the previous day's consumption, in equal portions at 08.00 ...
Narasimhalu P - - 1989
Spring grass consisting of Lolium perene L. (81%), Poa pratensis L. (9%), and annual weeds (5%) was stored as direct-cut or as wilted silage and used in feeding trials to determine the effects of wilting on N utilization. Six mature Friesian cattle, fitted with rumen and simple duodenal cannulae, were ...
Imai S - - 1989
Rumen ciliate populations were surveyed in 11 Holstein cattle and 6 sheep in Lethbridge (Alta., Canada) to determine species distribution in this Western Canadian environment. A total of 28 ciliate species were identified in cattle and 17 in sheep. The average total number of ciliates per millilitre of rumen content ...
Pfister J A - - 1989
Recurrent photosensitization of cattle in Montana has been blamed on Descurainia pinnata, tansy mustard. Two feeding trials were conducted to determine if tansy mustard was phototoxic. Pen-fed cattle consumed 2.4 and 4.1 kg/hd/day of tansy mustard in the 2 trials, and no photosensitization was detected. Liver clearance of BSP was ...
Gilmour J S - - 1989
Cattle and sheep, grazed successively on the same pasture and given the same supplementary feeding, developed ataxia and several animals became recumbent. Three cattle died within two weeks and the worst affected sheep were killed for laboratory examination. The supplementary diet which consisted largely of a distillery by-product, malt culms, ...
Towne G - - 1989
A series of experiments with bison and cattle were conducted to obtain information on the relatively uncommon ruminal protozoan Microcetus lappus. Although M. lappus is a holotrich, diurnal changes in concentrations indicate that it follows a cycle unlike most other holotrichs, decreasing shortly after feed is offered and then gradually ...
Stratil A - - 1989
This study presents evidence that sheep haemopexin phenotypes are genetically controlled by three alleles, HpxA, HpxB1 and HpxB2, of a single autosomal locus. Frequencies of two alleles, HpxA and HpxB (HpxB encompasses two isoalleles, HpxB1 and HpxB2), were studied in eight sheep breeds in Czechoslovakia. The frequency of the HpxA ...
McSweeney C S - - 1988
The structure of the omasum was compared in 10 water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), 10 Shorthorn cattle (Bos indicus), 9 Merino sheep (Ovis aries) and 10 cross-bred goats (Capra hircus), and the functional significance of the differences is discussed. The weight of the omasum and area of the internal laminae appeared ...
Entrocasso C M - - 1988
Gastrointestinal parasitism has been recognized by practitioners as the most common disease in beef cattle, mainly in weaning calves and fattening steers. Among the different genera, Ostertagia ostertagi is the predominant parasite in the temperate climate, in which the major beef and dairy cattle area of South America is situated. ...
Williams A R - - 1988
Data were collected by the Virgin Islands Beef Cattle Improvement Program and the Virgin Islands Agricultural Experiment Station staff to establish the breed structure of the Senepol cattle. Data for the analysis were limited to the two Virgin Islands Senepol breeders with the most complete and largest set of records, ...
Silanikove N - - 1987
Sheep fully exposed to Mediterranean summer conditions had a higher respiration rate and a higher body temperature than sheep with access to shade. Nevertheless, feed intake and water intake of non-sheltered animals was not different from that of sheltered ones and both maintained their body weight on medium quality hay. ...
Soll M D - - 1987
Seven trials including 768 cattle were conducted in South Africa and Namibia to evaluate the efficacy of the systemic parasiticide ivermectin when administered subcutaneously at a dose rate of 200 micrograms/kg against sarcoptic (Sarcoptes scabiei var. bovis), chorioptic (Chorioptes bovis) and psoroptic (Psoroptes ovis var. bovis) mange mites. The efficacy ...
Heath A C - - 1987
A single, artificially-induced fly-strike with Lucilia sericata larvae was associated with a rapid (decline in food intake in sheep, with a consequent reduction in liveweight. Loss of weight ranged from 0.5 to 5.5 kg over four to six days and recovery to pre-infestation liveweight took three to 36 days. Pair-fed, ...
Baile C A - - 1987
Opioid peptides, particularly beta-endorphin, methionine- (MEK) and leucine-enkephalin, and dynorphin, are involved in the regulation of food intake in mammals. The precursor molecules of these peptides undergo differential processing in brain areas producing regional concentration differences in opioids. Intraregional concentration changes also accompany alterations in feeding states. For example, MEK ...
Bekesi J G - - 1987
In 1973, inadvertent contamination occurred in a special farm feed supplement for lactating cows. Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) were used in place of magnesium oxide resulting in serious harm to farm animals, including cattle, chickens, geese, ducks. Farm families, accustomed to eating their own products, were most heavily exposed. To study ...
Kendrick K M - - 1986
The technique of intracranial dialysis was used to sample changes in monoamine metabolite and uric acid concentrations in the zona incerta (ZI) of the subthalamic region of conscious sheep during rumination and in response to the presentation of feeding and drinking stimuli. Sequential 10-min dialysis samples were taken over a ...
Dehority B A - - 1986
Parentodinium africanum was observed in rumen contents of four Brazilian cattle and constituted 4.4, 0.9, less than 0.1, and 10.0% of the total ciliates. This appears to be the first observation of the family Cycloposthiidae in the rumen habitat. Blepharoconus krugerensis, previously observed in the intestines of the elephant, and ...
Varghese T - - 1986
Faecal samples from 232 domestic pigs raised on concrete, 98 free-ranging village pigs, and five wild boar showed 46.6 (108/232), 54 (53/98) and 80% (4/5) prevalence of coccidian oocysts, respectively. Eight species of Eimeria, and Isospora suis, were recovered. In their descending order of predominance in the pigs raised on ...
Tarry D W - - 1986
Warble flies (Fig. 1) are bee-like insects, belonging to the parasitic fly family Oestridae, which spend their entire 10-month larval period inside the body of the host animal, only emerging in the summer to complete their development to the free-flying adult stage (Fig. 2). In 1978, when almost 40% of ...
Rocha A - - 1986
Physical examinations were performed on 3991 bulls reared in subtropical (75%) and tropical (25%) Mozambique. A culling rate of 16.3% (651 sires) was found. The range of culling rate between farms varied from 3 to 44%. The main culling reasons were a) epididymitis, b) atrophy and/or hypoplasia, and c) testicular ...
Hulet C V - - 1986
Effects of season, nutritional environment, and presence of rams on incidence and rate of ovulation in fine-wool sheep in southern New Mexico were investigated over 14 months (February 1983-March 1984). Number of corpora lutea (CL) were observed each month by laparoscopy in random samples from six ewes in each subgroup. ...
Brown E A - - 1986
Since the early 1970s, the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the US Department of Agriculture has monitored fat samples from meat and poultry for residues of hexachlorobenzene (HCB). The violative level for enforcement activities is 0.5 ppm. Data on HCB residues found in meat and poultry have been organized ...
Okolo M I - - 1985
A total of 221 blood and 174 carcase swab samples obtained from food animals (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and horses) slaughtered at urban and rural slaughter houses in Nsukka area were studied. 51 blood samples and 180 samples of vesicle fluid were also collected from persons occupationally exposed (butchers/skinners, meat ...
Flachowsky G - - 1985
First of all spineless Opuntia is an important source of water for livestock in tropical regions. The water content of one-year sprouts amounted to 92.5%. 70 to 75% of dry matter of Opuntia ficus indica were crude carbohydrates, approximately 20% were crude ash. The apparent digestibility of organic matter was ...
Fadlalla A M - - 1985
The effects of passive immunization against somatostatin on retention time of marker have been investigated in sheep using Cr2O3 as a marker. The mean transit time for clearance of 50% of the marker was significantly retarded in all the anti-somatostatin-treated animals by approximately 19.0 h, as compared with control lambs ...
Macrae J C - - 1985
Three experiments were conducted with sheep given spring-harvested dried grass (SHG) and autumn-harvested dried grass (AHG). The first was a calorimetric trial to determine the metabolizable energy (ME) content of each grass and the efficiency with which sheep utilize their extra ME intakes above the maintenance level of intake. The ...
Hart I C - - 1985
Three experiments were conducted to compare the ability of different preparations of growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF) to stimulate GH secretion in sheep maintained in positive and negative energy balance. In experiment 1 five sheep were injected (i.v.) with three preparations of human pancreatic GRF (hpGRF-44, hpGRF-40, hpGRF-29-NH2) and one preparation ...
Gregory P C - - 1985
The relation between the level of food intake and gastrointestinal motility and digesta flow in the abomasum and small intestine was studied in sheep fitted with nichrome-wire electrodes in the gut wall, an abomasal and a duodenal catheter and a terminal ileal cannula. Abomasal volume and outflow were calculated from ...
Dadswell L P - - 1985
A postal survey of cattle producers in the Maranoa, Warrego and Leichhardt districts of Queensland where poisoning of cattle by larvae of the sawfly (Lophyrotoma interrupta) occurs was carried out in 1982 with 179 replies (64% of those contacted). During 1972-81, 50 farms with 84,300 cattle experienced deaths (5254 on ...
Hambolu J O - - 1985
Seventy-five pairs of ovaries from Yankasa Sheep aged 1 1 2 to 3 years were collected from a Zaria abattoir for 12 months, to study the ovarian activity. It was observed that ovarian activity in Yankasa sheep was year-round with maximum activity occurring during the rainy and pre-rain seasons. These ...
Osiyemi T I - - 1985
Toxoplasma gondii antibodies were found in the sera of 22.86% of people in the Jos area of Plateau State, Nigeria. The incidence of antibodies in Nigerian food animals was 17.40%, the highest being in sheep (21.92%) and lowest in goats (13.88%). Cattle and horses were roughly equally infected--about 17.0%. The ...
Loomis E C - - 1985
Culicoides gnats were monitored from April through November, 1981, on the Tejon Ranch, Kern County. Levels of gnat breeding were determined by quantitative sampling of substrate from intermittent and permanent water sources. Adult populations were measured by light trap collections taken around pens holding sentinel beef cattle, dairy calves, sheep, ...
Silanikove N - - 1985
Food consumption decreases with the lengthening of the period of dehydration in both breeds in a similar manner. However, in comparison, the Saanen goats reduced their dry matter intake and consequently their water intake much more than the Bedouin goats. Apparent digestibility of dry matter increased significantly in both breeds ...
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