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Results 301 - 350 of 492
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Athanasiadou S - - 2001
The aims of the present study were to investigate (1), the potential anthelmintic properties and (2), the nutritional consequences of commercially available condensed tannins on parasitised sheep fed, ad libitum, either a high- or a low-protein food. For this purpose, forty-eight previously parasite-naïve sheep (n 12) were infected with 2000 ...
Vignoles P - - 2001
Experimental infections of Lymaea truncatula, using two susceptible snail populations (Berneuil, or Migné, central France) and four isolates of Fasciola hepatica miracidia differing in their mammalian host of origin (cattle, nutrias, rabbits, or sheep), were performed under laboratory conditions to determine whether the host of origin had an effect on ...
Bøgh C - - 2001
The effect of zooprophylaxis on malaria transmission has not been studied on the African continent despite that the World Health Organization has recommended this intervention method since 1982. The effect of passive zooprophylaxis on malaria vector abundance, mosquito feeding preferences, and infectivity was studied in an area of moderate seasonal ...
Villalba J J - - 2001
Tannins decrease food intake by reducing digestion and by causing illness, whereas polyethylene glycol (PEG) attenuates the aversive effects of tannins. Our objective was to determine whether sheep recognize the benefits of ingesting substances such as PEG when consuming tannins. If so, then ingestion of PEG should be 1) PEG-specific, ...
Boonstra E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: An outbreak of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in the northern part of Botswana in 1996 was contained through eradication of all heads of cattle in Ngamiland district (Ngami East and West) in the period April 1996 to February 1997. This disaster posed a serious threat to those who depended ...
Phillips D - - 2001
Microbiological quality of sheep carcasses and boneless sheep meat produced in Australia was surveyed during the period June to November 1998. Sponge samples were collected from 917 carcasses, and meat samples were drilled from 467 cartons of frozen boneless meat. Carcass and boneless meat samples were respectively collected from 7 ...
Daxenberger A - - 2001
Oestrogens govern reproductive functions in vertebrates, and are present in all animal tissues. The theoretical maximum daily intake (TMDI) of oestradiol-17beta by consumption of cattle meat is calculated to be 4.3 ng. Following the use of oestradiol-containing growth-promoting agents, TMDI is increased by a factor of 4.6 to 20 ng ...
Van den Bossche P - - 2001
Bovine trypanosomosis occurs in vast areas of southern Africa. Its epidemiology and impact on cattle production is determined largely by the level of interaction between tsetse and cattle. Four situations can be distinguished. First, areas where cattle are absent. Second, zones where cattle have been introduced in game areas but ...
Budras K D - - 2001
Semireserves were created by the European Conservation Project for scientific research in preparation for reintroduction in the wilderness. They are defined as enclosures large enough to carry a group of Przewalski horses throughout the year without any additional feeding. The semireserve offers diverse opportunities for significant scientific research. As part ...
Pulikeshi M B - - 2001
For understanding the potential utility in field scale production of vermicompost and vermiprotein economically, Eisenia fetida was cultured to establish the influence of (i) prevailing tropical semiarid (North-East region of Karnataka, India) environmental factors and (ii) different animal manures (cattle, horse and 1:1 mixture of cattle and horse) (on its ...
Oka H - - 2001
A survey was conducted to determine the incidence of tetracycline antibiotic (TCAs) residues in the kidneys of slaughtered animals that did not pass inspection for human consumption by the Japanese Food Sanitation Law and the Meat Inspection Law at the slaughterhouses in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, from April 1985 to March ...
Arsenos G - - 2001
The objective of the experiment was threefold: (1) to test whether an 'unlearned appetite' for dietary protein exists in sheep, (2) whether such an appetite and subsequent diet selection depend on the degree of previous protein deprivation, and (3) whether the N-source in the foods offered as choice influences diet ...
Van Donkersgoed J - - 2001
The second beef quality audit was conducted in Canada in 1998-99 to determine the prevalence of quality defects in slaughtered cattle and to monitor changes since the first audit in 1995. Approximately 0.6% of the number of cattle processed annually in Canada were evaluated. Brands were observed on 49% and ...
Skerrett H E - - 2001
Levels of Cryptosporidium infection in a group of red deer were monitored over a period of 1 year. Faecal samples were examined on an approximate monthly basis from adult hinds and calves for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts. The water-ether sedimentation method followed by sucrose flotation and a monoclonal antibody ...
Clarke I J - - 2001
Seasonal changes in voluntary food intake (VFI) are seen in various species, including sheep. This paper reviews recent work in this area, especially in relation to alterations in the expression of appetite-regulating peptides in the brain of the sheep. Work in the hamster is also reviewed because this is another ...
Hooijer G A - - 2001
Cystic ovarian disease (COD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed gynecological findings in dairy cattle. It causes temporary infertility and is likely to affect reproduction as well as production parameters in cows. The objectives of this study were to investigate the heritability of COD in a Dutch Black and ...
Griffon D J - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biological properties of idealized, morsellised impacted Corglaes, a soluble silicate-free glass. Twenty-two sheep underwent implantation of pellets in six metaphyseal defects in both rear limbs. Particle size distribution of all aggregates (except the autograft) approached the ideal logarithmic grading line and ...
Alvarez L I - - 2000
The pattern of in vivo uptake of albendazole (ABZ) and its major metabolite, ABZ-sulphoxide (ABZSO), by Haemonchus contortus and Fasciola hepatica recovered from ABZ-treated sheep, was investigated. Concentration profiles of both compounds were simultaneously measured in target tissues/fluids from the same infected sheep. In addition, the proportion of the (+) ...
Chaillou E - - 2000
The hypothalamus plays an important role in the control of food intake in different species, but there is little relevant information for ruminants like sheep. In order to study the putative role of several hypothalamic nuclei in food intake in sheep, Fos expression, a marker of cellular activity, was compared ...
Gould D H - - 2000
Sulfur-related polioencephalomalacia is frequently associated with a high total sulfur intake by ruminants. The onset of clinical signs coincides with excessive ruminal sulfide production. Measurement of ruminal gas cap hydrogen sulfide makes it possible to identify cattle with potentially hazardous total sulfur intake. Evaluation of all potential sulfur sources is ...
Athanasiadou S - - 2000
Naive wethers were used to investigate the long-term effects of dietary condensed tannins from Quebracho extract, during an intestinal parasitic infection in sheep. Sheep were allocated to eight groups; seven groups were daily infected with 3000 L(3) Trichostrongylus colubriformis for 10 weeks and the eighth group was the uninfected control. ...
Moll L - - 2000
In the winter of 1998/1999, sheep on a farm in the province of North Holland, The Netherlands, died from subacute and chronic liver fluke disease despite four previous treatments with triclabendazole (TCBZ). Faecal examinations of sheep and cattle on the farm showed high number of liver fluke eggs. In a ...
Appleton J - - 2000
Cruz C - - 2000
As part of an experimental study, crystal-associated cholangiopathy was induced in 9 sheep by grazing pure pastures of Brachiaria decumbens in Brazil. One of these sheep showed characteristic lesions of photosensitization. The analysis of the B decumbens samples by acidic hydrolysis followed by TLC and infrared spectrum revealed diosgenin as ...
Phillips C J - - 2000
The conformation of the hooves of nine heifers obtained from an abattoir was measured and their coefficient of static friction (mu) was determined for movement in forward, backward and sideways directions. The hooves were trimmed by the Dutch method and their conformation and p were measured again. Trimming increased mu, ...
Reza Razmi G - - 2000
A survey of the prevalence of subclinical coccidiosis in broiler-chickens was conducted in the municipality of Mashhad, Khorasan, Iran. Eighty-four chicken farms were randomly selected; from each farm, five birds per 106th week of age.6th week of age. The farm-level prevalence of subclinical coccidiosis was 38% (95% CI: 48 .47%). ...
Hansson I - - 2000
By studying carcass quality, expressed as affection, pathological findings, slaughter-weight and evaluation, a picture of an animal's health and potential as high quality food is achieved. This study compares the carcass quality in Swedish certified organic meat production with that of conventional meat production slaughtered during 1997. The study involves ...
Svensson C - - 2000
The aims of the present study were to investigate the excretion of Eimeria alabamensis oocysts by young cattle during their first grazing season and during the first 16 days of their second grazing period. In trial 1, nine first-season grazing heifers were studied and found to have become infected with ...
Davies M H - - 2000
A survey was conducted at five UK abattoirs to trace the source of dirty beef cattle and identify factors in the production chain that contributed to their dirtiness. The Meat Hygiene Service Clean Livestock score categories were used and the animals' histories were traced back to their farm of origin. ...
Windsor R S - - 2000
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) caused by the Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides SC is one of the major plagues affecting cattle. With the imminent eradication of rinderpest from Africa, CBPP will become the major epidemic disease on the continent, because the majority of countries in sub-Saharan Africa have the infection in ...
Oesch B - - 2000
Disease-specific PrP (PrP(Sc)) is at least part of the infectious particle (prion) causing bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or scrapie in sheep. Digestion with protease allows a distinction between normal PrP (PrP(C)) and PrP(Sc) i.e. PrP(C) is completely digested while PrP(Sc) is cleaved at the N-terminus leading to a fragment of ...
Yeruham I - - 1999
In a 20-year-survey, 9364 dairy cattle in 324 herds kept under a zero-grazing management, 1252 beef cattle in 46 herds grazing all the year round, 3347 sheep in 134 herds (only 26 are grazing herds), and 872 goats in 47 herds (only 20 are grazing) were examined. The mites collected ...
Umpiérrez A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: We report on a patient who experienced allergic reactions after eating goat cheese and after touching goat and sheep cheese, but not after consuming cow's milk dairy products. OBJECTIVE: To assess the allergenicity and IgE-binding capacity of the caseins from the three different species. METHODS: Skin prick tests were ...
Davies L - - 1999
Colonization by blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of mouse carcasses exposed in open agricultural land near Durham (54 45'N) changed from early spring monopolization by Calliphora vicina R.-D. to a summer pattern of multiple species exploitation by this species together with Lucilia caesar L., L. illustris Mg., L. silvarum Mg., L. sericata ...
Simcock D C - - 1999
Serum gastrin and pepsinogen concentrations, food intake, abomasal pH and abomasal aerotolerant and anaerobic bacterial populations were measured in sheep infected with Ostertagia circumcincta to search for links between hypergastrinaemia, food intake and changes in the abomasal environment. Abomasal pH and serum gastrin and pepsinogen concentrations were elevated in each ...
Desmarchelier P M - - 1999
The contamination of beef carcasses with coagulase-positive staphylococci (CPS) was studied at three beef abattoirs (A, B and C). The incidence and the number of CPS were determined on cattle hides immediately after slaughter and on three carcass sites (brisket, flank and round) at different points during processing along the ...
Knight R - - 1999
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) has been transmitted in the laboratory and also by iatrogenic accident. However, research has failed to find evidence that its most common form (sporadic CJD) is a natural infection and, in particular, that there is a causal link with scrapie. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) probably resulted from ...
Nogales R - - 1999
A laboratory study was conducted to examine the feasibility of vermicomposting dairy biosolids (dairy sludge), either alone or with either of the bulking agents-cereal straw or wood shavings, using the epigeic earthworm-Eisinea andrei. Earthworms added directly to these three substrates died within 48 hours. A system was developed to overcome ...
Mehli H - - 1998
Results from 11 years of live monitoring of sheep from a grazing area in Norway formed the basis for a study of the importance of ingested fungal fruit bodies in determining radiocaesium activity concentrations in sheep grazing freely on mountain pasture. The 137Cs activity concentration due to ingested vegetation decreased ...
Smith K E - - 1998
Field trials were carried out in 1995 and 1996 on farms in the south-west of England to assess the extent to which odour-baited targets could be used to suppress populations of the ectoparasitic blowfly, Lucilia sericata, in sheep pastures. Targets were constructed from 41 x 41 cm squares of aluminium ...
Stanley K N - - 1998
The epidemiology of clinical cases of campylobacter in temperate climates shows a striking seasonality. In the search for a seasonal environmental reservoir changes in the carriage rate and population size of campylobacters in bovine hosts with time have been measured. Most probable number (MPN) methodology was used to enumerate thermophilic ...
Bercovich Z - - 1998
A study was conducted to determine the repeatability of a procedure used to prepare brucellin from a mucoid strain of Brucella abortus, and to determine the biological activity of those brucellins. The brucellins were standardized to contain 1 mg protein/ml, and their potency was estimated according to the European pharmacopoeia ...
Maiorka P C - - 1998
Two ewes died after being fed rabbit ration and mineral salts designated for cows. This food is known to contain copper levels above that indicated for sheep. Blood counts revealed anemia, and serological tests showed high blood urea nitrogen, glutamic pyruvic transaminase and glutamic oxalacetic transaminase values. At necropsy, the ...
Barry T N - - 1998
Growth and voluntary feed intake (VFI) in grazing temperate farmed deer species are influenced by the feeding value of the forage and the stage of the deer's seasonal cycle. Liveweight gain (LWG) of growing red deer was greater when perennial ryegrass (0.80)/white clover (0.20) pasture was grazed at 10 cm ...
Kita J - - 1998
The article contains a short review on transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (CJD) and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), technology of meat and bone meal production, regulations and monitoring. Poland has imposed a ban on the importation of live cattle, sheep, and food products of ruminant origin from countries where BSE ...
Renick T M - - 1998
Emerging from the first successful cloning of a mammal, a sheep named "Dolly," is a critical but under-asked question: "Why do so many of us find this feat (and its potential application to human subjects) to be deeply disturbing?" This paper suggests that the answer rests not primarily in the ...
Bons N - - 1997
We report on two animals of a non-human primate species Eulemur fulvus mayottensis, housed in the local zoo and fed over a number of years with a food containing cattle meat, that developed serious neurological symptoms associated with prion immunoreactivity in brain and various viscera. Microscopy of the brains showed ...
Kanuya N - - 1997
Dairy (Bos taurus) heifers and cows (n = 40) in a tropical environment were treated during mid-luteal phase using either SUPER-OV(R) or OVAGEN to induce superovulatory response after synchronization of the superovulatory estrus with a synthetic progestagen and cloprostenol (PG). Estrous cattle were inseminated twice using frozen-thawed semen, and embryos ...
van den Bossche P - - 1997
The feeding habits of Glossina morsitans morsitans in the Eastern Province of Zambia were studied. A total of 687 meals were identified. Results show that 75.1% of the meals were taken on cattle. These results are discussed in relation to the published data on feeding patterns of Glossina morsitans morsitans ...
Goetsch A L - - 1997
Crossbred sheep (n 16, 8.5 months of age and 33 (SE 0.9) kg) were used in a 21 d experiment (2 x 2 factorial) to determine effects on net flux of nutrients across the portal-drained viscera (PDV) and liver of ad libitum consumption of bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon; B) v. ryegrass ...
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