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Results 301 - 350 of 470
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Appleton J - - 2000
Cruz C - - 2000
As part of an experimental study, crystal-associated cholangiopathy was induced in 9 sheep by grazing pure pastures of Brachiaria decumbens in Brazil. One of these sheep showed characteristic lesions of photosensitization. The analysis of the B decumbens samples by acidic hydrolysis followed by TLC and infrared spectrum revealed diosgenin as ...
Phillips C J - - 2000
The conformation of the hooves of nine heifers obtained from an abattoir was measured and their coefficient of static friction (mu) was determined for movement in forward, backward and sideways directions. The hooves were trimmed by the Dutch method and their conformation and p were measured again. Trimming increased mu, ...
Reza Razmi G - - 2000
A survey of the prevalence of subclinical coccidiosis in broiler-chickens was conducted in the municipality of Mashhad, Khorasan, Iran. Eighty-four chicken farms were randomly selected; from each farm, five birds per 106th week of age.6th week of age. The farm-level prevalence of subclinical coccidiosis was 38% (95% CI: 48 .47%). ...
Hansson I - - 2000
By studying carcass quality, expressed as affection, pathological findings, slaughter-weight and evaluation, a picture of an animal's health and potential as high quality food is achieved. This study compares the carcass quality in Swedish certified organic meat production with that of conventional meat production slaughtered during 1997. The study involves ...
Svensson C - - 2000
The aims of the present study were to investigate the excretion of Eimeria alabamensis oocysts by young cattle during their first grazing season and during the first 16 days of their second grazing period. In trial 1, nine first-season grazing heifers were studied and found to have become infected with ...
Davies M H - - 2000
A survey was conducted at five UK abattoirs to trace the source of dirty beef cattle and identify factors in the production chain that contributed to their dirtiness. The Meat Hygiene Service Clean Livestock score categories were used and the animals' histories were traced back to their farm of origin. ...
Windsor R S - - 2000
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) caused by the Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides SC is one of the major plagues affecting cattle. With the imminent eradication of rinderpest from Africa, CBPP will become the major epidemic disease on the continent, because the majority of countries in sub-Saharan Africa have the infection in ...
Oesch B - - 2000
Disease-specific PrP (PrP(Sc)) is at least part of the infectious particle (prion) causing bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or scrapie in sheep. Digestion with protease allows a distinction between normal PrP (PrP(C)) and PrP(Sc) i.e. PrP(C) is completely digested while PrP(Sc) is cleaved at the N-terminus leading to a fragment of ...
Yeruham I - - 1999
In a 20-year-survey, 9364 dairy cattle in 324 herds kept under a zero-grazing management, 1252 beef cattle in 46 herds grazing all the year round, 3347 sheep in 134 herds (only 26 are grazing herds), and 872 goats in 47 herds (only 20 are grazing) were examined. The mites collected ...
Umpiérrez A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: We report on a patient who experienced allergic reactions after eating goat cheese and after touching goat and sheep cheese, but not after consuming cow's milk dairy products. OBJECTIVE: To assess the allergenicity and IgE-binding capacity of the caseins from the three different species. METHODS: Skin prick tests were ...
Davies L - - 1999
Colonization by blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of mouse carcasses exposed in open agricultural land near Durham (54 45'N) changed from early spring monopolization by Calliphora vicina R.-D. to a summer pattern of multiple species exploitation by this species together with Lucilia caesar L., L. illustris Mg., L. silvarum Mg., L. sericata ...
Simcock D C - - 1999
Serum gastrin and pepsinogen concentrations, food intake, abomasal pH and abomasal aerotolerant and anaerobic bacterial populations were measured in sheep infected with Ostertagia circumcincta to search for links between hypergastrinaemia, food intake and changes in the abomasal environment. Abomasal pH and serum gastrin and pepsinogen concentrations were elevated in each ...
Desmarchelier P M - - 1999
The contamination of beef carcasses with coagulase-positive staphylococci (CPS) was studied at three beef abattoirs (A, B and C). The incidence and the number of CPS were determined on cattle hides immediately after slaughter and on three carcass sites (brisket, flank and round) at different points during processing along the ...
Knight R - - 1999
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) has been transmitted in the laboratory and also by iatrogenic accident. However, research has failed to find evidence that its most common form (sporadic CJD) is a natural infection and, in particular, that there is a causal link with scrapie. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) probably resulted from ...
Nogales R - - 1999
A laboratory study was conducted to examine the feasibility of vermicomposting dairy biosolids (dairy sludge), either alone or with either of the bulking agents-cereal straw or wood shavings, using the epigeic earthworm-Eisinea andrei. Earthworms added directly to these three substrates died within 48 hours. A system was developed to overcome ...
Mehli H - - 1998
Results from 11 years of live monitoring of sheep from a grazing area in Norway formed the basis for a study of the importance of ingested fungal fruit bodies in determining radiocaesium activity concentrations in sheep grazing freely on mountain pasture. The 137Cs activity concentration due to ingested vegetation decreased ...
Smith K E - - 1998
Field trials were carried out in 1995 and 1996 on farms in the south-west of England to assess the extent to which odour-baited targets could be used to suppress populations of the ectoparasitic blowfly, Lucilia sericata, in sheep pastures. Targets were constructed from 41 x 41 cm squares of aluminium ...
Stanley K N - - 1998
The epidemiology of clinical cases of campylobacter in temperate climates shows a striking seasonality. In the search for a seasonal environmental reservoir changes in the carriage rate and population size of campylobacters in bovine hosts with time have been measured. Most probable number (MPN) methodology was used to enumerate thermophilic ...
Bercovich Z - - 1998
A study was conducted to determine the repeatability of a procedure used to prepare brucellin from a mucoid strain of Brucella abortus, and to determine the biological activity of those brucellins. The brucellins were standardized to contain 1 mg protein/ml, and their potency was estimated according to the European pharmacopoeia ...
Maiorka P C - - 1998
Two ewes died after being fed rabbit ration and mineral salts designated for cows. This food is known to contain copper levels above that indicated for sheep. Blood counts revealed anemia, and serological tests showed high blood urea nitrogen, glutamic pyruvic transaminase and glutamic oxalacetic transaminase values. At necropsy, the ...
Barry T N - - 1998
Growth and voluntary feed intake (VFI) in grazing temperate farmed deer species are influenced by the feeding value of the forage and the stage of the deer's seasonal cycle. Liveweight gain (LWG) of growing red deer was greater when perennial ryegrass (0.80)/white clover (0.20) pasture was grazed at 10 cm ...
Kita J - - 1998
The article contains a short review on transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (CJD) and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), technology of meat and bone meal production, regulations and monitoring. Poland has imposed a ban on the importation of live cattle, sheep, and food products of ruminant origin from countries where BSE ...
Renick T M - - 1998
Emerging from the first successful cloning of a mammal, a sheep named "Dolly," is a critical but under-asked question: "Why do so many of us find this feat (and its potential application to human subjects) to be deeply disturbing?" This paper suggests that the answer rests not primarily in the ...
Bons N - - 1997
We report on two animals of a non-human primate species Eulemur fulvus mayottensis, housed in the local zoo and fed over a number of years with a food containing cattle meat, that developed serious neurological symptoms associated with prion immunoreactivity in brain and various viscera. Microscopy of the brains showed ...
Kanuya N - - 1997
Dairy (Bos taurus) heifers and cows (n = 40) in a tropical environment were treated during mid-luteal phase using either SUPER-OV(R) or OVAGEN to induce superovulatory response after synchronization of the superovulatory estrus with a synthetic progestagen and cloprostenol (PG). Estrous cattle were inseminated twice using frozen-thawed semen, and embryos ...
van den Bossche P - - 1997
The feeding habits of Glossina morsitans morsitans in the Eastern Province of Zambia were studied. A total of 687 meals were identified. Results show that 75.1% of the meals were taken on cattle. These results are discussed in relation to the published data on feeding patterns of Glossina morsitans morsitans ...
Goetsch A L - - 1997
Crossbred sheep (n 16, 8.5 months of age and 33 (SE 0.9) kg) were used in a 21 d experiment (2 x 2 factorial) to determine effects on net flux of nutrients across the portal-drained viscera (PDV) and liver of ad libitum consumption of bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon; B) v. ryegrass ...
Van Donkersgoed J - - 1997
A study was conducted in 4 Canadian processing plants in 1995-96 to determine the prevalence of quality defects in Canadian cattle. One percent of the annual number of cattle processed in Canada were evaluated on the processing floor and 0.1% were graded in the cooler. Brands were observed on 37% ...
Kelch W J - - 1997
Two cattle died acutely after being sprayed for lice control with a cyclodiene organochlorine insecticide, endosulfan, not labelled for use in cattle. Three other cattle became acutely ill, but survived after symptomatic therapy and removal of the insecticide from their skin and prevention of enterohepatic circulation. These cases illustrated the ...
Kyriazakis I - - 1997
An experiment was designed to investigate whether the degree of synchrony between the rates of digestion of carbohydrates and N of foods offered as a choice would have an effect, through their consequences, on the short- and long-term diet selection of sheep. Four foods (RL, RH, SL and SH) with ...
Hultén F - - 1997
Four farms that group-housed sows from about 2 weeks of lactation until weaning (G-farms) and 3 farms, used as controls, that kept the sows individually penned throughout the 5 to 6-week-long lactation period (C-farms) were compared in terms of pre- and post-weaning piglet growth rate and mortality, sow food intake ...
Carroll G L - - 1996
Sedation, anesthesia, protection of the airway during general anesthesia, and control of pain in the perioperative period are important considerations in the management of sheep, goats, and cattle. Though ruminants are classically considered farm animals and are often intended for the production of food and fiber, these species are used ...
Hansen H S - - 1996
Sustained release boli with the cesium binder ammonium iron(III)-hexacyanoferrate(II) (AFCF) were tested under practical conditions for sheep grazing on pastures contaminated with radiocesium (134Cs+137Cs) from the Chernobyl fallout. Two types of AFCF boli were developed: boli without a protective surface coating intended to last 4-8 wk; and boli coated by ...
McNabb W C - - 1996
Three experiments were undertaken to determine the effect of condensed tannin (CT) in Lotus pedunculatus (45-55 g extractable CT/kg DM) on the digestion of the principal leaf protein, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (EC 4.1.1.39; Rubisco; fraction 1 leaf protein). In two of the experiments Lotus pedunculatus was fed to sheep, with one ...
Mohammad F K - - 1996
The effect of xylazine (0.05 and 0.15 mg/kg, intramuscularly) on food (concentrate) intake was examined in ewes. Xylazine at 0.15 mg/kg significantly increased the 2 and 24 h food intake in comparison with control values. Xylazine treatments significantly and dose-dependently decreased the heart rate, respiratory rate and ruminal motility, and ...
Nørgaard P - - 1996
A new method for reversible reentrant cannulation of the parotid duct in cattle by use of an injectable anesthetic regimen is described. Ruminal contents were removed before anesthesia instead of food deprivation. The parotid duct was dilated by means of a long hemostatic forceps: its jaws were encased in a ...
McNally P W - - 1996
In two surveys of a total of over 16,000 cattle carcases, animals from live auctions had more bruising and more meat rejected for bruising than animals from dealers and farms. The proportion of carcases with stick-markings was higher in market cattle (2.5 per cent) than in cattle from farms (0.9 ...
Lichtenfels J R - - 1996
The synlophe (longitudinal, surface cuticular ridges) of Sarwaria bubalis is described for the first time. It is a tapering lateral synlophe of about 40 ridges. The synlophe of S. bubalis is similar to that of Ostertagia ostertagi but markedly different from that of species of Spiculopteragia and Mazamastrongylus. New information ...
Weeks C A - - 1995
The behaviour of cattle with and without louse infestation was studied for eight weeks. Thirty-two crossbred calves were housed in groups of four at 20 weeks old. Sixteen of the calves were artificially infested with the long-nosed cattle louse Linognathus vituli and 16 were left uninfested as controls. In infested ...
Jabbar M A - - 1995
The aim of this study was to assess the process and extent of sedentarisation among Fulani cattle owners in the derived savannah zone of south-west Nigeria. The results, based on a survey of 66 randomly-selected cattle owners, indicate an on-going process of settlement. Previously cattle owners visited the zone for ...
Hultén F - - 1995
Four farms that group-housed sows from 2 weeks of lactation until weaning (G-farms) and 3 farms that kept the sows individually penned throughout the 5 to 6-week-long lactation period (C-farms), were compared in terms of sow health. All sows were crossbred Swedish Yorkshire x Swedish Landrace. The daily food ration ...
Jones D D - - 1995
The dairy industry, with regulatory approvals of recombinant chymosin and bovine somatotropin (BST), has been at the forefront of food and agricultural biotechnology. The commercial fate of these products is one of several factors that may affect the success of future genetic manipulations in dairy cattle and dairy products. Other ...
Provenza F D - - 1994
Ruminants learn to avoid many foods that contain toxins by associating the flavor of the foods with aversive postingestive feedback. We hypothesized the emetic system is a cause of aversive feedback, and three experiments were conducted to determine whether antiemetic drugs (diphenhydramine, metoclopramide, dexamethasone) would attenuate food aversions caused by ...
Freudenberger D O - - 1994
Six adult castrated male red deer (Cervus elaphus), fitted with rumen cannulas, were offered chaffed lucerne hay ad lib. during winter and summer, with voluntary food intake (VFI) being respectively 59 and 89 g dry matter intake (DMI)/kg bodyweight 0.75 per d. The same animals were also offered the same ...
Provenza F D - - 1994
We discovered that a food aversion could be conditioned in anesthetized sheep. Sheep were allowed to eat a familiar food (alfalfa-grain pellets) for 30 min, and 90 min later they were given either an intraruminal (IR) injection of water (C), an IR injection of LiCl (L), anesthesia followed by an ...
Pfeffer A - - 1993
Acute phase protein concentrations in blood, food intake and liveweight changes were compared in 10 sheep given intrathoracic injections of yeast and 10 control sheep over a period of 61 days. The yeast injections caused acute pleuritis and limited necrotising lung lesions which progressed to fibrous pleural adhesions and walled-off ...
Wacher T J - - 1993
The local migration of village N'Dama cattle between two study sites, Niamina East and Bansang, 40 km apart in the inland region of The Gambia, West Africa, is described. The consequences of seasonal variations in local stocking densities on the epidemiology of African animal trypanosomiasis are reported. Tsetse abundance at ...
Bradley R - - 1993
BSE is a new disease of cattle. The first clinical case occurred in April 1985 but the existence of a new disease was first confirmed microscopically in November 1986. Epidemiological studies show that cattle suddenly became effectively exposed to a scrapie-like agent in ruminant-derived feed in the form of meat ...
Duncan A J - - 1993
Glucosinolates, such as sinigrin, and S-methyl cysteine sulphoxide (SMCO), which are found in forage brassica species have been implicated in the low intakes observed among lambs consuming such diets. To test both the individual and interactive effects of these compounds in sheep, all combinations of the sinigrin breakdown products, allyl ...
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