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Results 451 - 491 of 491
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Wiederholt M - - 1980
(1) Intracellular K activity (aKi) of sheep heart Purkinje fibers was measured using K-selective microelectrodes (liquid ion exchanger). aKi in the resting state with an extracellular K of 4 mmol . l-1 EK was 112.9 +/- 6.1 mmol . l-1 (n = 47) for a membrane potential (VM) of -73.3 ...
Belonje P C - - 1980
Fifty sheep received a pelleted ration containing between 0,31 and 0,38% phosphorus. Pooled faecal samples, composed of 3 faecal pellets from 30 randomly selected sheep, were taken on 15 occasions during 23 days. The faecal phosphorus levels of the 15 pooled samples were remarkably constant with a mean of 0,94% ...
Carter P D - - 1980
A study was made in cattle of the variation of vaginal impedance with respect to the placement of probe, time after insertion, and stages of the oestrous cycle. Impedance values were lowest and least variable when determined in the ventral sector of the vaginal fornix. Allowing the probe time to ...
Blamire R V - - 1980
Condemnation of meat and offal in 65 selected abattoirs in England and Wales is reviewed. Returns cover about 14 per cent of animals slaughtered for food. In the decade under review, a marked reduction in losses caused by fascioliasis was noted in cattle and sheep, while other parasitic conditions show ...
Murphey R M - - 1980
Bovine cattle from various parts of the world were studied in a physically and culturally homogeneous environment. The animals' approachability by a human in open pastures was associated with breed differences. Dairy breeds were more approachable than beef breed, while a comparison between European (Bos taurus) and humpbacked (B. indicus) ...
Hamanaka S - - 1980
The ganglioside patterns of erythrocytes from individual horses and cattle were examined. Variations in the ganglioside patterns were found in both horses and cattle. In the erythrocytes of most horses examined, NeuGc-Gal-Glc-ceramide (NeuGc-GM3) of 25 horses examined had only NeuGc-GM3 with no 4-O-Ac-NeuGc-GM3. The erythrocytes of various breeds of cattle ...
Michell A R - - 1980
Previous studies of voluntary sodium intake and electrolyte excretion in sheep suggested that the pattern of intake associated with the oestrous cycle was not a response to alterations in sodium balance. The pattern thus seemed likely to be dictated by changes in either hormonal levels or food intake. These possibilities ...
Lange R E - - 1980
Prior to 1978, no reports were made of scabies lesions or mites recovered from any Mexican bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis mexicana) examined in the San Andres National Wildlife Refuge in southern New Mexico. In 1978, all of five rams harvested by hunters had live mites of the genus Psoroptes and ...
Singh K B - - 1979
Pelvic urethrotomies were attempted on 32 bulls (12 cattle and 20 buffaloes). Infra-anal urethrotomy was carried out under a tranquilliser, posterior epidural and supra-ischial blocks. Prebulbomuscular urethrotomy was performed under a tranquilliser, posterior epidural and pelvic plexus blocks. Cystoscopy and litholapaxy were attempted to make comparisons. The animals which had ...
Schneider D J - - 1979
An outbreak of mortality in a flock of mutton merino sheep in which 109 out of 568 sheep died in the south-western Cape Province, is described. It was characterized by haemorrhagic septicaemia, anaemia, leucocytopaenia and haemorrhagic tendencies. Mortalities followed unseasonal and heavy summer rain, extended over a period of 6 ...
Wallace R J - - 1979
IT has been suggested that the bacterial flora of the rumen should be considered as three distinct, interacting populations-the bacteria of rumen fluid (the population which has been studied most extensively), the bacteria associated with food particles, and the bacteria adhering to the epithelial wall of the organ(1). Until now, ...
Bekesi J G - - 1979
In 1973 inadvertent contamination occurred in a special farm feed supplement for lactating cows. Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) were used in place of magnesium oxide resulting in serious harm to farm animals, including cattle, chickens, geese, ducks. Farm families, accustomed to eating their own products, were most heavily exposed. To further ...
Doran J W - - 1979
Runoff from a cow-calf pasture in eastern Nebraska was monitored for total coliforms (TC), fecal coliforms (FC), and fecal streptococci (FS) during 1976, 1977, and 1978. Bacteriological counts in runoff from both grazed and ungrazed areas generally exceeded recommended water quality standards. The FC group was the best indicator group ...
Shlosberg A - - 1979
Poisoning caused by dibutyltin dilaurate (DBTD) was diagnosed in cattle, mink, and palm doves. The accidental addition of a DBTD premix to calf concentrates at levels up to 25000 ppm on 18 farms caused poisoning in 1000 cattle, of which 171 died and 287 were slaughtered. High concentrations of tin ...
Minár J - - 1979
An experiment was carried out in South Bohemia, in which 10% water emulsion of diethyltoluamide was used as repellent against bloodsucking Diptera to protect pastured dairy cattle. The repellent was applied by means of a spraying frame and was effective for 30-36 hours. Seven mosquito species and 18 horsefly species ...
Lilis R - - 1978
Consumers who had purchased farm products from both quarantined and nonquarantined farms were examined during the cross-sectional clinical survey of 1,029 Michigan residents. Since PBB had inadvertently contaminated cattle and other farm animals, ingestion of meat, milk, eggs and other farm products was thought to have possibly resulted in significant ...
Peters R R - - 1978
Sixteen hours of light daily (114 to 207 lux) increased weight gains and milk yield 10 to 15% in Holstein cattle in comparison with cattle exposed to natural-length photoperiods (39 to 93 lux) of 9 to 12 hours. The weight gain was accomplished without increased consumption of feed. Manipulation of ...
Grovum W L - - 1978
The intakes of pelleted alfalfa by hungry sheep were depressed in a rectilinear manner in relation to the amount of water (0-800 ml) added to a balloon in the reticulum (p less than 0.005). Since the consumption of water by thirsty sheep was not altered by these treatments, the reduction ...
Asiedu F H - - 1978
A study conducted into the utilisation by sheep of herbage under a mango/cashew plantation at Kade (Ghana) showed the native herb, Asystasia gangetica to be the most preferred herbage. Centrosema pubescens was preferred to Pueraria phaseoloides. The physical condition of the herbage affected their preference but the crude protein content ...
Mullen P A - - 1978
Di-ureido iso-butane (DUIB) was overdosed on three occasions to two year-old bullocks, under experimental conditions. Six g/kg live weight of DUIB was mixed manually into the rumen contents formed by a predominantly hay diet (10 kg) with added concentrates (2 kg). Marked clinical signs were observed for 72 h before ...
Sakata T - - 1978
Mitotic indices of the ruminal epithelium of two castrated male sheep fed at 11:00 h were determined at 00:00, 04:00, 08:00, 12:00, 16:00 and 20:00 h. The schedules were repeated in four trials done in December 1975, February, March and June 1976 respectively. The indices ranged from 0.13 to 0.92 ...
Addy B L - - 1977
Beef fattening experiments were undertaken on the Lilonge Plain with Malawi zebu (Mz) and Friesian X Malawi zebu (F X Mz) steers. Animals were fattened under various dietary regimes based on either green forage crops or crop residues supplemented with concentrate rations of local origin. Mz steers consumed less feed ...
Macrae J C - - 1977
1. There was little difference in digestive (voluntary food intake, dry matter digestibility and nitrogen balance) and blood measurements (venous concentrations of corticosteroids, serum aspartate aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.1), protein-bound iodine, urea and glucose) of intact sheep (eight animals) and of sheep prepared with rumen cannular (sixteen animals) and subsequently with ...
Thompson B H - - 1977
In the forest zone of the United Republic of Cameroon, a live chicken proved far more attractive to hunting S. damnosum s.l. than did a live sheep; but in the Sudan-savanna zone, a sheep was more attractive than a chicken. It is suggested that the populations of flies in the ...
Arora R G - - 1977
Some spontaneous cases of chronic copper toxicosis, that occurred in ewes of about 3--4 years of age during the period 1974--1976, were investigated. The diagnosis based on clinical and pathoanatomical alterations was substantiated further by demonstration of considerably elevated copper and iron content in the liver andkidneys of the affected ...
Kowalczyk J - - 1977
1. In an experiment in which a high-fat supplement was given in the dry form to lambs offered dried grass ad lib., both the voluntary intake and digestibility of the dried grass were reduced. When the high-fat supplement was given in a liquid suspension so that the rumen was by-passed, ...
Al-Zujajy R J - - 1977
The ration of growing chicks was supplemented by chick, sheep, and cattle excreta in fresh, dried (45-50 degrees C) and sterilized (90 degrees C, 30 mins.) form with 4%, compared with a control ration. The development of the live weight was better in all supplemented ration groups than in the ...
Matsukawa T - - 1976
Growth and carcass characteristics were measured on calves from three cattle breeds-the Sinhala, Red Sindhi and Friesian-and two buffalo breeds-the local buffalo and Murrah. The growth study was carried out on Brachiaria brizantha pasture over a period of 48 weeks. The two buffalo breeds grew fastest followed by the two ...
Kempton T J - - 1976
Three grey knagaroos and three sheep were given a diet of lucerne chaff and measurements were made of feed intake, digestibility coefficients, methane production rate and volatile fatty acid content of the "stomach" and caecum for each animal. The kangaroos had lower intakes of digestible dry matter and organic matter ...
Clutton-Brock T H - - 1976
Recent studies of primates have questioned the importance of dominance hierarchies in groups living under natural conditions. In a herd of Highland ponies and one of Highland cattle grazing under free-range conditions on the Isle of Rhum (Inner Hebrides) well defined hierarchies were present. The provision of food produced a ...
Wilson R T - - 1976
The results of an intensive 12 months study of a number of herds in the migratory and sedentary sectors of the livestock economy of Southern Darfur are recorded. In almost every production parameter the performance of the former is superior to that of the latter but, overall, production appears to ...
Tarttelin M F - - 1976
A description is presented of the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMN) of sheep following study of paraffin-embedded material stained with a Nissl and a myelin stain. The VMN is related to most structures in the ventrobasal hypothalamus and is ellipsoidally shaped with its poles tilted both medially and anteriorly. ...
Newsome A E - - 1975
This paper discusses the interactions between the large and medium-sized marsupials, the introduced ruminant domestic stock, and the environment in the arid zone of Australia. The grazing of sheep and cattle has produced suitable subclimax pastures which today favor two sympatric kangaroos but not the smaller bandicoots and wallabies. Tall ...
Booth N H - - 1975
The USDA has detected hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in the body fat of domestic animals and poultry in at least 14 states. In Louisiana, industrial contamination appeared to be largely responsible for the HCB residues detected in cattle. Following the episode in Louisiana, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established an interim tolerance ...
Arman P - - 1975
1. A series of nitrogen-balance trials was done using groups of four animals of various species of wild and domesticated ruminants using pelleted diets (Arman & Hopcraft, 1975). 2. Various herbivores were given grass or grass hays, legumes, herbs and shrubs. Food and faecal samples were analysed for N. 3. ...
Kreuzer W - - 1975
Certain climatic and edaphic conformations in the Bavarian sub-alpine mountains and in the Alps favor above all the development of a land utilization system and farm structures similar to those in the northern part of Scandinavia. In 1963/64, the years of the highest environmental contamination up to the present, we ...
Braidwood R J - - 1971
Since the end of World War II, much evidence has accrued of the primary phase of village-farming community life in Southwestern Asia, which began about 7000 B.C. The remains of (usually) several of the positively domesticated animals (dog, sheep, goat, pig) and plants (wheat, barley, legumes such as peas and ...
McLeay L M - - 1970
1. Secretion of acid and pepsin from abomasal pouches and contractions of the reticulum and rumen were studied in sheep. Observations were made in sheep after being fasted and when they had food available ad libitum.2. The abomasal pouches were of fundic regions alone and also of the fundic region ...
el Amrousi S - - 1966
The physical properties, chemical composition and cytological content of the synovial fluid of healthy native breed cattle, obtained by tibio-tarsal arthrocentesis, was studied. Normally the synovial fluid of bovines is a clear, colourless or straw coloured, viscous, non-coagulable liquid with a normal mucin precipitate quality. The fluid is alkaline in ...
Barbosa F S - - 1962
In an area in Brazil where schistosomiasis has long been endemic, examination of cattle which were slaughtered for food disclosed the presence of adult Schistosoma mansoni in the mesenteric veins of four animals. Eggs of S. mansoni were found in the feces and rectal mucosa of one animal.
SCHULERT A R - - 1962
Strontium-90 concentrations have been determined in a variety of foods used by the native population. Caribou from the tundra carry 10 to 20 times the level of domestic cattle. Eskimos for whom caribou is a staple in the diet are found to have four times the strontium-90 content of the ...
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