Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 806
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Rosenquist Hanne - - 2007
A Nordic standard protocol for detection and enumeration of thermotolerant Campylobacter in food has been elaborated (NMKL 119, 3. Ed., 2007). Performance and precision characteristics of this protocol were evaluated in a collaborative study with participation of 14 laboratories from seven European countries. The laboratories performed qualitative, semi-quantitative and quantitative ...
Jasson Vicky - - 2007
In this study procedures provoking sub-lethal injury for three different pathogens are described which may be used in determination of accuracy and robustness of methods, comparison studies and or validation of rapid detection methods. Three common food-borne pathogens were used, Listeria monocytogenes, Campylobacter jejuni and Escherichia coli O157. The pathogens ...
Lindblad M - - 2007
Swab sample data from a 13-month microbiological baseline study of swine carcasses at Swedish abattoirs were combined with excision sample data collected routinely at five abattoirs. The aim was to compare the numbers of total aerobic counts, Enterobacteriaceae, and Escherichia coli, recovered by swabbing four carcass sites with gauze (total ...
McKellar R C - - 2007
Competition between spoilage microorganisms and foodborne pathogens provides a potentially simple approach to limiting the growth of pathogens. A strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens isolated from raw milk repressed growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 at 22 degrees C in nutrient broth once the maximum population density of the pseudomonad had been ...
Sagoo Satnam K - - 2007
A study of cooked crustaceans and molluscan shellfish from retail and production premises was undertaken in the UK during 2003 to determine the microbiological safety of these products. According to criteria in European Commission Recommendation 2003/10/EC, 96% of 682 batches were of satisfactory/acceptable microbiological status while 4% of batches were ...
Locas Annie - - 2007
In a distribution system of a large North American city, recurring total coliforms and atypical coliforms were detected at the exit (distribution pumps) of a storage reservoir. The presence of total coliforms and atypical coliforms was noted when the pumps were in operation and the water temperature was higher than ...
Sharma Manan - - 2007
Escherichia albertii is a potential food-borne pathogen because of its documented ability to cause diarrheal disease by producing attachment and effacement lesions. Its tolerances to heat (56 degrees C), acid (pH 3.0), and pressure (500 MPa [5 min]) were evaluated and found to be significantly less than those of wild-type ...
Mosqueda-Melgar Jonathan - - 2007
Consumption of unpasteurized melon and watermelon juices has caused several disease outbreaks by pathogenic microorganisms worldwide. Pulsed electric field (PEF) has been recognized as a technology that may inactivate those bacteria present in fluid food products at low temperatures. Hence, PEF treatment at 35 kV/cm, 4 mus pulse duration in ...
Sperber William H - - 2007
A contemporary survey of the microbiological profile of five milled cereal grains-wheat, corn, oats, whole wheat, and durum-was conducted largely from 2003 to 2005, with routine laboratory data obtained by North American dry-milling operations. When compared to data reported in the previous century, the contemporary data showed similar or reduced ...
Ghosh Moushumi - - 2007
In India, the street food trade is a growing sector with its expansion linked with urbanisation and the need of urban populations for both employment and food. However, the microbiological status of popularly consumed raw street foods, general hygienic and vending practices are not known. We visited 75 vendors (50 ...
Tebbutt G - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether or not the assessment of surface cleanliness could make a contribution to visual inspections of food premises. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-five premises were studied with both rapid (ATP) and traditional microbiological swabbing being used to test surfaces that either come ...
Eiler Alexander - - 2007
Environmental control of growth and persistence of vibrios in aquatic environments is poorly understood even though members of the genus Vibrio are globally important pathogens. To study how algal-derived organic matter and temperature influenced the abundance of different Vibrio spp., Baltic Sea microcosms inoculated with Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio ...
Warren Benjamin R - - 2007
This study investigated the survival of a five-strain Shigella sonnei cocktail on smooth tomato surfaces, in potato salad and in raw ground beef. All inocula were resistant to the antibiotic rifampicin to allow simple detection of the target culture among the indigenous microflora of the food samples. Inoculated tomatoes were ...
Rho Min-Jeong - - 2007
The objective of this study was to conduct a preliminary microbial risk assessment for Staphylococcus aureus in kimbab, and then propose appropriate guidelines for its preparation and storage. Kimbab is a ready-to-eat product, popular in Korea, made of various foods surrounded by rice and seaweed. Because it is usually prepared ...
Lauer Wendy F - - 2007
RAPID'Staph (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Hercules, CA) is a medium for differentiation and enumeration of coagulase-positive Staphylococcus aureus in food. RAPID'Staph medium is based on a Baird Parker formula optimized for the detection and enumeration of S. aureus in 24 h. The principle of the medium relies on the capacity of S. ...
Basilico Maria de la Luz Z Mde - - 2007
This study investigated concentration and types of airborne fungi spores of indoor air. Forty nine houses of Santa Fe city (Argentina) were examined during one year. This city is characterized by a warm climate with an annual mean temperature of 18.6 degrees C and a relative humidity of 74.6%. Based ...
Ahmad A - - 2007
The main reservoir of Escherichia coli O157:H7 is the digestive tract of cattle; however, the ecology of this food-borne pathogen is poorly understood. House flies (Musca domestica L.) might play a role in dissemination of this pathogen in the cattle environment. In our study, eight calves were individually exposed to ...
Santiesteban-López A - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the antibacterial susceptibilities of food-borne bacteria to individual and binary mixtures of a synthetic antimicrobial agent with a natural phenolic compound. METHODS AND RESULTS: Antibacterial susceptibilities of Escherichia coli, Listeria innocua, Salmonella Typhimurium and Staphylococcus aureus to individual and binary mixtures of potassium sorbate with a phenolic ...
Kim Soo-Hwan - - 2007
Enterobacter sakazakii may be related to outbreaks of meningitis, septicemia, and necrotizing enterocolitis, mainly in neonates. To reduce the risk of E. sakazakii in baby foods, thermal characteristics for Korean E. sakazakii isolates were determined at 52, 56, and 60 degrees C in saline solution, rehydrated powdered infant formula, and ...
Kim Min Jun - - 2007
We demonstrate the use of Escherichia coli and their chemotactic characteristics to enhance mixing in a microchannel in a controlled and bi-directional manner. The presence of a chemoattractant in one arm of a three-junction microchannel results in an asymmetric increase in the effective diffusion coefficient of extremely high molecular weight ...
Mounir R - - 2007
Aureobasidium pullulans (de Bary) Arnaud (Ach 1-1) was grown in a glucose fed-batch fermentor to 106 g dry wt l(-1) in 48 h. The cells were dried in a fluidized bed dryer with a final viability of 62%. After 7 months at 4 degrees C, the viability was 28% of ...
C.K. Wachukwu
This study was undertaken to determine if artificial fingernails could contribute or serve as vehicles for transmission of food poisoning and nosocomial pathogens. Three hundred and fifty apparently healthy individuals were used. Of this number, 150 subjects were health care workers, while 200 subjects were unprofessional food handlers. Both groups ...
Dijk, A. van
Food-borne pathogens are responsible for most cases of food poisoning in developed countries and are often associated with poultry products, including chicken. Little is known about the role of ß-defensins in the chicken digestive tract and their efficacy. In this study, the expression of chicken ß-defensin gallinacin-6 (Gal-6) and its ...
Schaffner Donald W - - 2007
This research was undertaken to determine the effectiveness of an alcohol-based hand sanitizer on hands contaminated with a nonpathogen surrogate for Escherichia coli O157:H7, where the source of the contamination was frozen hamburger patties. A nonpathogenic nalidixic acid-resistant food-grade strain of Enterobacter aerogenes was used to inoculate frozen hamburger patties ...
Aström J - - 2007
Short-term peaks in pathogen concentrations may increase the risks for waterborne diseases considerably. In this study the occurrence of indicator organisms and pathogens in the river Göta älv at the raw water intake to Göteborg was evaluated and related to risk for drinking water consumption. About half of the 24 ...
LeJeune J T - - 2007
Bovine manure is an important source of Escherichia coli O157 contamination of the environment and foods; therefore, effective interventions targeted at reducing the prevalence and magnitude of fecal E. coli O157 excretion by live cattle (preharvest) are desirable. Preharvest intervention methods can be grouped into 3 categories: 1) exposure reduction ...
Lues Jan F R - - 2006
Air constituency of the delicatessen sections of a retail group was assessed for the presence and distribution of bioaerosols and the correlation with physical parameters. Total viable counts were determined and the total coliforms, Escherichia coli, other members of the Enterobacteriaceae and Staphylococcus aureus were enumerated. These counts were relatively ...
Lindblad M - - 2006
This 1-year study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and concentrations of pathogenic and indicator bacteria on Swedish broiler chickens. A total of 636 chilled carcasses were collected from 10 slaughterhouses and sent to the National Food Administration for analyses of carcass rinses. No carcasses were positive for Salmonella. Campylobacter, ...
McMahon M Ann S - - 2007
This study investigated the possibility that sublethal food preservation stresses (high or low temperature and osmotic and pH stress) can lead to changes in the nature and scale of antibiotic resistance (ABR) expressed by three food-related pathogens (Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, and Staphylococcus aureus). The study found that ...
Perelle Sylvie - - 2007
This work aims to provide a strategy for rapidly screening food raw materials of bovine origin for the presence of the most frequent O-serogroups of Shiga toxin-encoding Escherichia coli (STEC) involved in food poisoning outbreaks. The prevalence of highly pathogenic serogroups of STEC was surveyed in 25 g portions of ...
Pinheiro Marcel D O - - 2007
The ability of a ciliate to inactivate bacteriophage was studied because these viruses are known to influence the size and diversity of bacterial populations, which affect nutrient cycling in natural waters and effluent quality in sewage treatment, and because ciliates are ubiquitous in aquatic environments, including sewage treatment plants. Tetrahymena ...
Shriver-Lake Lisa C - - 2007
Food poisoning causes untold discomfort to many people each year. One of the primary culprits in food poisoning is Escherichia coli O157:H7. While most cases cause intestinal discomfort, up to 7% of the incidences lead to a severe complication called hemolytic uremic syndrome which may be fatal. The traditional method ...
Sisai Mpuchane, Ignatius M. ...
Cockroaches have become the most common pests in a majority of households in Gaborone, the capital city of Botswana Their presence has always raised safety concerns, especially as carriers of food-borne pathogens and food-spoilage organisms. To address the safety issues, bacteriological investigations were carried out on cockroaches trapped from the ...
Kostrzynska M - - 2006
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are often utilized to control food-borne pathogens on produce and on cooked, fermented, or refrigerated meats. Most research to date has focused on the inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, Clostridium botulinum, and spoilage microorganisms. LAB are excellent candidates for reducing pathogen levels on ...
McQuestin O J - - 2006
AIMS: To investigate the influence of suspension media on the survival of Escherichia coli M23 exposed to nonthermal, lethal stresses. METHODS AND RESULTS: Populations of E. coli M23 suspended in minimal medium (MM) or in different nutrient-rich broths were exposed to water activity 0.90 and/or pH 3.5 and inactivation was ...
Snider Timothy A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To develop a repeatable model for studying colonization with streptomycin-resistant Escherichia coli O157:H7 in adult cattle. ANIMALS: 5 adult mixed-breed beef cattle. PROCEDURES: Cattle were surgically cannulated in the duodenum, treated daily with streptomycin (33 mg/kg) via the duodenal cannula prior to and during experimental colonizations, and colonized with ...
Fukushima Hiroshi - - 2007
Buoyant density gradient centrifugation has been used to separate bacteria from complex food matrices, as well as to remove compounds that inhibit rapid detection methods, such as PCR, and to prevent false-positive results due to DNA originating from dead cells. Applying a principle of buoyant density gradient centrifugation, we developed ...
Sandt C - - 2006
AIMS: To investigate the potentials and limitations of Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) microspectroscopy as a tool to identify, at the level of microcolonies, pathogenic bacteria frequently isolated in the clinical environment. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1570 FT-IR spectra from 164 gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria isolated from patients were recorded ...
Tsai Tsung-Yu - - 2006
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 is an infectious pathogen and outbreaks have been reported all over the world, specifically in Australia, Canada, Japan, the United States, and in various countries in Europe and South Africa. Therefore, it is necessary to develop rapid methods to determine the target pathogens for food sanitation ...
Lues Jan F R - - 2006
Street vendors in the city of Bloemfontein were investigated in order to assess the microbiological quality of the food being sold as well as the level of hygiene conditions under which these food stalls operate. The food samples which were collected included beef, chicken and gravy, while surface samples were ...
Turner Susan M SM Division of Immunity and Infection, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, - - 2006
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is the most common cause of food and water-borne E. coli-mediated human diarrhoea worldwide. The incidence in developing countries is estimated at 650 million cases per year, resulting in 800 000 deaths, primarily in children under the age of five. ETEC is also the most common ...
DeVere Elizabeth - - 2007
Four commercially available antibacterial products (two wipes and two sprays) were tested under laboratory conditions on a range of food contact surfaces (wood, glass, plastic, Microban incorporated plastic). The products' effectiveness at preventing cross-contamination of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus and the influence of surface type and drying time were ...
Ejechi B O - - 2007
The physical (pH, Dissolved Solids, Dissolved Oxygen, conductivity, water depth temperature) and bacteriological (Total coliforms, Faecal coliforms) characteristics of 22 hand-dug wells in oil-rich Niger Delta of Nigeria were investigated. All coliforms counts (Log(10) MPN/100 ml) varied from well to well ranging from 0 to 6.0 although faecal coliform counts ...
Grant Michael A - - 2006
The current AOAC Method 966.24 for enumeration of Escherichia coli in foods uses a most probable number (MPN) procedure with extensive confirmation steps. Two new methods based on membrane filtration (MF) were compared to the MPN reference method for detection of high levels of E. coli in 5 food types, ...
Stagnitta Patricia V - - 2006
In this work we evaluate the microbiological quality and the hygiene degree of meat foods consumed in the city of San Luis. A total of 515 meat food samples (315 from fresh sausages, 100 from hamburgers and 100 from ground beef) were processed, being the most of them non-industrial products. ...
Nowak Bernhard - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine whether porcine blood cell concentrates (BCC) can be produced and stored using hygienic measures independent of the temperature acting upon the substrate. A number of additives widely accepted by the consumer (NaCl, sugars, food-grade acids) were used to form so-called hurdles (water ...
Besse Nathalie Gnanou - - 2006
As a result of the growing recognition of Enterobacter sakazakii as an emergent pathogen, the International Dairy Federation (IDF) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) have standardized a reference method for the detection of E. sakazakii in milk powder products and powdered infant food formulas (IFF). The objectives of ...
Brandi Giorgio - - 2006
Many vegetables of the Cruciferae family have been found to possess antimicrobial properties against several microorganisms of clinical importance. In this study, we reported the antibacterial effect of Brassica oleracea juice on several food-borne pathogens. The juice was found to be effective in inhibiting the growth of Salmonella Enteritidis, verotoxigenic ...
Kim Hoikyung - - 2006
A study was done to determine the survival characteristics of Enterobacter sakazakii on the surface of apples, cantaloupes, strawberries, lettuce, and tomatoes stored at 4, 12, and 25 degrees C for 8-28 days. Populations significantly decreased (p<or=0.05) on all test produce at all storage temperatures. The efficacy of chlorine, chlorine ...
Barro Nicolas - - 2006
Flies are widely recognized as potential reservoirs and vectors of bacteria. In the present study, an attempt was made to assess meat-poultry and local fruit juice processing and vending sites for their hygienic status and the presence of houseflies, Musca domestica, and blow flies, Lucilia caesar, for bacterial carriage. The ...
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