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Wang Dapeng - - 2010
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is an important food-borne bacterium that is closely related to food poisoning from consumption of raw or lightly-cooked oysters. Therefore, intensive efforts must be taken to depurate the contaminated oysters. Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is considered to be a safe and effective disinfectant and is routinely applied for treatment ...
Bhaduri Saumya - - 2010
Knowledge of the behavior of Yersinia pestis in food may be useful in the event Y. pestis is used in a bioterrorism attack on the food supply. However, there are no reports on the growth of plasmid-bearing (pYV) virulent Y. pestis in food. The growth of a conditionally virulent pYV-bearing ...
Zhang Hui - - 2009
Monolaurin is a nontraditional antimicrobial agent that possesses better antimicrobial activities but causes no health problems to consumers, but the use of monolaurin in the food industry as a preservative is still limited. Using a microtiter plate assay, the minimum inhibitory concentrations for monolaurin were 25 microg/mL against Escherichia coli, ...
Viedma Pilar Martinez - - 2009
The inhibitory effect of enterocin AS-48 against Staphylococcus aureus was investigated in various types of bakery ingredients. Antibacterial activity greatly depended on the food substrate, ranging from complete inactivation of S. aureus in liquid caramel (in which the bacterium survived poorly) to no significant inhibition (as in vanilla or chocolate ...
Feldsine Philip T - - 2009
The Visual Immunoprecipitate (VIP) for the Detection of Escherichia coli 0157:H7 in Foods, AOAC Official Method 996.09, has been modified to change the color of the test and control lines of the device. A methods comparison study was conducted to demonstrate the equivalence of this modification to the reference culture ...
Jasson Vicky - - 2009
A comparative study of lag phases and growth rates of healthy, stressed, and sublethally injured Escherichia coli O157 cells in 10 enrichment broths was performed. The evaluation of enrichment protocols was validated by different end point detection methods (two PCR and two combined capture-plate methods). Tryptic soy broth b [TSB ...
Keeratipibul Suwimon - - 2009
This study determined the sources of contamination by Escherichia coli and enterococci in frozen ready-to-eat chicken products. The efficiency of the heat treatment process was sufficient to eliminate E. coli or enterococci. However, the prevalence of E. coli and enterococci in cooked chicken after chilling was 2.7%, and after slicing ...
Kim Youngbong - - 2009
Securing the physical quality and microbial safety of fresh foods has been a major focus in the food industry. To improve quality and increase the shelf life of fresh produce, disinfection methods have been developed. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) photocatalytic reactions under UV radiation produce hydroxyl radicals that can be used ...
Zhao Xihong - - 2010
We developed and evaluated the specificity and sensitivity of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for rapid detection of the food-borne Escherichia coli O157 strains. Six primers, including outer primers, inner primers and loop primers, were specially designed for recognizing eight distinct sequences on three targets, which were rfbE, stx1 ...
Takahashi Hajime - - 2009
Rapid enumeration of Escherichia coli strains by quantitative real-time PCR targeting the uidA gene was developed and confirmed for minced beef, tuna and raw oyster. Higher sensitivity (1 CFU/g of E. coli in all three food samples) was obtained by incubating for 7 h in TSB. Colony-directed E. coli specific ...
Cheng Vincent C C - - 2009
Sinopulmonary and rhinocerebral zygomycosis has been increasingly found in patients with hematological malignancies and bone marrow transplantation, but intestinal zygomycosis remains very rare in the literature. We investigated an outbreak of intestinal infection due to Rhizopus microsporus in 12 patients on treatment for hematological malignancies over a period of 6 ...
Pomares María Fernanda - - 2009
Microcin J25 (MccJ25) is a 21-residue ribosomally synthesized lariat peptide antibiotic. MccJ25 is active against such food-borne disease-causing pathogens as Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., and Escherichia coli, including E. coli O157:H7 and non-O157 strains. MccJ25 is highly resistant to digestion by proteolytic enzymes present in the stomach and intestinal contents. ...
Singh Anant K - - 2009
The presence of E. coli in foodstuffs and drinking water is a chronic worldwide problem. The worldwide food production industry is worth about U.S. $578 billion, and the demand for biosensors to detect pathogens and pollutants in foodstuffs is growing day by day. Driven by the need, we report for ...
Lauer Wendy F - - 2009
iQ-Check E. coli O157:H7 (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Hercules, CA) is a real-time PCR kit for detection of E. coli O157:H7 from selected foods. Specific fluorescent oligonucleotide probes are used to detect target DNA during the amplification, by hybridizing to the amplicons. These fluorescent probes are linked to a fluorophore which fluoresces ...
Ritter Vicki - - 2009
BBL CHROMagar O157 media (CO) was evaluated for detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in raw ground beef and unpasteurized apple cider. The recovery of E. coli O157:H7 on CO was compared to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety ...
Dodd Charles - - 2009
Foodborne illness outbreaks and ground beef recalls associated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 have generated substantial consumer risk awareness. Although this risk has been assessed and managed according to federal regulation, communication strategies may hamper stakeholder perception of regulatory efforts in the face of continued E. coli O157:H7 outbreaks associated with ...
Oundo J O - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the aetiology, epidemiology and sanitary factors of carriage of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC) in food-handlers working in tourist hotels in three popular tourist destinations in Kenya. DESIGN: Cross sectional laboratory based study. SETTING: Three tourist destinations of Nairobi, Malindi and Diani ...
Dinu Laura-Dorina - - 2009
Concerns about animal enteropathogen contamination of fresh horticultural products have,increased worldwide and are mainly due to the ability of bacteria to survive under stress conditions in the agricultural environment and during raw-vegetable processing. This review challenges the idea that the viable but nonculturable phenomenon that has been proven to occur ...
Kawarai Taketo - - 2009
High osmotic environments produced by NaCl or sucrose have been used as reliable and traditional methods of food preservation. We tested, Escherichia coli as an indicator of food-contaminating bacterium, to determine if it can form biofilm in a hyperosmotic environment. E. coli K-12 IAM1264 did not form biofilm in LB ...
Sekse Camilla - - 2009
During the spring of 2006, a national disease outbreak caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O103:H25 was investigated in Norway. At the time of the outbreak the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science was the national reference laboratory for E. coli O157 in food, and the microbiological investigations to identify ...
Smigic Nada - - 2009
The utilization of sub-lethal decontamination treatments gains more and more interest due to the increased consumers' demand for fresh, minimally processed and convenient food products. These products rely on cold chain and hurdle (combination) technology to provide microbiological safety and quality during their shelf life. To investigate the ability of ...
Lee Sun-Young - - 2009
The antimicrobial effects of green tea and rosemary added to foods as antagonists to foodborne pathogens were determined in laboratory media and oriental-style rice cakes. The growth of each pathogen (Bacillus cereus, Salmonella Typhimurium, Enterobacter sakazakii, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Staphylococcus aureus, and Listeria monocytogenes) in tryptic soy broth or rice ...
Baumgartner Andreas - - 2009
Two hundred sixty eight samples of ready-to-eat foods from retail shops were screened for the presence of Cronobacter by selective enrichment followed by plating on three chromogenic agars (ESIA, ESPM and DFI). Cronobacter was isolated from 14/23 samples of sprouts and fresh herbs/salads (60.9%), 7/26 samples of spices and dried ...
Ravindranath Sandeep P - - 2009
Magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with anti-Escherichia coli O157:H7 or anti-Salmonella typhimurium antibodies that can specifically bind to their target organisms were used to isolate E. coli O157:H7 and S. typhimurium separately from a cocktail of bacteria and from food matrixes. The pathogens were then detected using label-free IR fingerprinting. The binding ...
Karmali Mohamed A - - 2010
Escherichia coli O157:H7 and other Verocytotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC) are zoonotic pathogens associated with food and waterborne illness around the world. E. coli O157:H7 has been implicated in large outbreaks as well as in sporadic cases of haemorrhagic colitis and the sometimes fatal haemolytic uremic syndrome. VTs produced by these ...
Bergholz Teresa M - - 2009
Escherichia coli O157:H7 has caused serious outbreaks of food-borne illness via transmission in a variety of food vehicles, including unpasteurized apple juice, dried salami, and spinach. To understand how this pathogen responds to the multiple stresses of the food environment, we compared global transcription patterns before and after exposure to ...
Vigil Karen J - - 2009
Bacterial enteropathogens acquired from contaminated food are the principal causes of travelers' diarrhea (TD). We evaluated desserts obtained from popular restaurants in the tourist city of Guadalajara, Mexico, and Houston, Texas, to determine coliform and Escherichia coli contamination levels and presence of diarrheagenic E. coli known to be important in ...
Singh Jitender - - 2009
Methods for rapidly detecting Escherichia coli O157:H7, a high risk foodborne pathogen of considerable public health concern, are extremely important for monitoring of food safety. Conventional detection such as microbiological, biochemical, and immunological methods, including polymerase chain reactions (PCR), are time consuming and only qualitative. In this study, a rapid ...
Huang Qian-Sheng - - 2009
The control of food browning and growth of disease-causing microorganisms is critical to maintaining the quality and safety of food. Tyrosinase is the key enzyme in food browning. The inhibitory effect of methyl trans-cinnamate on the activity of tyrosinase has been investigated. Methyl trans-cinnamate can strongly inhibit both monophenolase and ...
Silagyi Karen - - 2009
Multistate outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections through consumption of contaminated foods including produce products have brought a great safety concern. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of biofilm and quorum sensing production on the attachment of E. coli O157:H7 on food contact surfaces and to ...
Beuchat Larry R - - 2009
Cronobacter sakazakii has been isolated from a wide range of environmental sources and from several foods of animal and plant origin. While infections caused by C. sakazakii have predominantly involved neonates and infants, its presence on or in foods other than powdered infant formula raises concern about the safety risks ...
Chokesajjawatee Nipa - - 2009
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most prevalent bacterial pathogens causing food-borne disease worldwide. Staphylococcal food poisoning is caused by ingestion of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) pre-formed in the implicated food. In this study, the incidences of S. aureus and classical SEs (SEA-SEE) contamination in 'Nham', a traditional Thai fermented pork ...
Alles Susan - - 2009
A lateral flow immunoassay for Escherichia coli O157:H7 (Reveal E. coli O157:H7, 20-h version), previously validated for 25 g raw ground beef, raw beef cubes, apple cider, lettuce rinse, and environmental swab samples, has been validated for use in testing 375 g samples of raw ground beef and raw beef ...
Hoebel Bartley G - - 2009
The distinction between natural addiction and drug addiction is interesting from many points of view, including scientific and medical perspectives. "Natural addictions" are those based on activation of a physiobehavioral system, such as the one that controls metabolism, foraging, and eating to achieve energy balance. "Drug addictions" activate many systems ...
Wang Gene-Jack GJ Medical Department (GJW, JSF), Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY; Mount Sinai School of Medicine (GJW, JSF), New York, NY; and National Institute of Drug Abuse/National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NDV, PKT), Bethesda, - - 2009
Obesity is typically associated with abnormal eating behaviors. Brain imaging studies in humans implicate the involvement of dopamine (DA)-modulated circuits in pathologic eating behavior(s). Food cues increase striatal extracellular DA, providing evidence for the involvement of DA in the nonhedonic motivational properties of food. Food cues also increase metabolism in ...
Shimizu S - - 2009
To reduce time for enumeration of viable Clostridium perfringens, fluorescence in situ hybridization in combination with filter cultivation (FISHFC) was employed. The method utilized a CLP-180 probe, based on the 16S rRNA region of C. perfringens, and FISHFC fluorescence microscopy to detect C. perfringens, but not organisms from other species. ...
Pöhlmann Christopher - - 2009
Electrochemical biochips are an emerging tool for point-of-care diagnostic systems in medicine, food and environmental monitoring. In the current study, a thermostable reporter enzyme, esterase 2 (EST2) from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius, is used for specific and sensitive detection of bacteria by one-step rRNA/DNA hybridization between a bacterium-specific capture oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN), bacterial ...
Madic J - - 2009
AIMS: To provide information on the prevalence and detection, in foods, of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O91:H21. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven hundred fifteen minced beef meats and 205 raw milk samples were analysed by stx-specific PCR-ELISA. Samples positive for stx were subsequently tested for the presence of wzy-O91, fliC-H21 ...
Kung'u Jacqueline K - - 2009
Bacteria were quantified in samples of drinking-water and in two porridges prepared for infant-feeding [fortified instant soy-rice porridge (SRP) and cooked porridge (Lishe bora, LB)] in 54 households. Bacterial numbers were measured again after the porridges had been held at room temperature for four hours (T4). Findings were benchmarked against ...
Zhao Yu - - 2009
This paper reports a method that simultaneously detects three food-borne pathogenic bacteria, Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella flexneri, and Escherichia coli O157:H7, via an approach that combines magnetic microparticles for the enrichment and antibody-conjugated semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) as fluorescence markers. Using the water-in-oil reverse microemulsions method, the gamma-Fe(2)O(3) magnetic nanoparticles were ...
Brooks John P - - 2009
Runoff water following a rain event is one possible source of environmental contamination after a manure application. This greenhouse study used a rainfall simulator to determine bacterial-associated runoff from troughs of common bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] that were treated with P-based, N-based, and N plus lime rates of poultry ...
Crowley Erin S - - 2009
The automated system for enumeration of total viable count (TVC) in foods, TEMPO TVC, uses a dehydrated culture medium and an enumeration card containing 48 wells across 3 different dilutions for the automatic determination of the most probable number (MPN). The alternative method was compared in a multilaboratory collaborative study ...
Jin T - - 2009
Zinc oxide quantum dots (ZnO QDs) are nanoparticles of purified powdered ZnO. These were evaluated for antimicrobial activity against Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Enteritidis, and Escherichia coli O157:H7. The ZnO QDs were utilized as a powder, bound in a polystyrene film (ZnO-PS), or suspended in a polyvinylprolidone gel (ZnO-PVP). Bacteria cultures ...
Fukuyama Satomi - - 2009
The effects of the disinfectants NaClO and calcinated calcium on the food-borne pathogens Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella spp. attached to shredded cabbage leaves were examined. After these bacteria were attached to shredded leaves for 1 h, the leaves were treated with NaClO and/or calcinated calcium. About 2.6-log ...
Fawzi Mohamed - - 2009
Food produced with satisfactory hygienic standards is one of the essential conditions for promoting and preserving health. A total of 15 grocery and dairy shops were randomly selected from Alexandria, Egypt to assess their hand washing facilities and personal hygiene of food handlers using a pre-designed sanitation checklist. Also the ...
Meldrum R J - - 2009
A survey of the general microbiological quality of ready-to-eat food served in schools was undertaken across Wales, United Kingdom. Of the 2,351 samples taken, four were identified as containing unsatisfactory counts of Escherichia coli, four contained unsatisfactory counts of Staphylococcus aureus, and one contained an unacceptable count of Bacillus cereus ...
Peters Tansy M - - 2009
Foodborne diseases due to well-recognized pathogens have emerged as an important and growing public health problem with a significant impact on health. Molecular methods for subtyping these microorganisms have become a valid adjunct to the traditional techniques employed in most laboratories. One such molecular technique for the detection and identification ...
Kim Younghoon - - 2009
Here, we characterized released-exopolysaccharides (r-EPS) from Lactobacillus acidophilus A4 with the goal of identifying natural compounds that represses biofilm formation. In plastic 96-well microplates that contained 1.0 mg/ml of r-EPS, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) biofilms were dramatically decreased by 87% and 94% on polystyrene and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) surfaces, respectively. ...
de Sablet Thibaut - - 2009
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a food-borne pathogen causing hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic-uremic syndrome, especially in children. The main virulence factor responsible for the more serious disease is the Shiga toxin 2 (Stx2), which is released in the gut after oral ingestion of the organism. Although it is accepted that the ...
Houser B A - - 2008
In recent years, bovine colostrum has gained popularity as a human food because it is an excellent source of bioactive proteins, which have been claimed to inhibit viral and bacterial pathogens, improve gastrointestinal health, and enhance body condition. A study was conducted to determine bacteriological quality and occurrence of Salmonella ...
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