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Nakatani Hajime - - 2011
Patients on long-term hemodialysis are at risk of developing malnutrition,and poor nutrient intake is an important factor in this. In the present case, we encountered a 55-year-old Japanese woman with end-stage renal failure and a past history of schizophrenia. Severe systemic edema was observed. Hemodialysis was started, but after one ...
Thornley Simon - - 2011
Evidence links dopamine release in the mid-brain to the pathophysiology of psychosis, addiction and reward. Repeated ingestion of refined carbohydrate may stimulate the same mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway, rewarding such eating behaviour and resulting in excessive food intake along with obesity. In this paper, we explore the role of dopamine in ...
Lung Derrick D - - 2011
Objective: The goal of this study was to describe the clinical effects and time of onset of hypoglycemia in pediatric sulfonylurea poisoning. Methods: This was a retrospective, descriptive study of pediatric (<6 years old) sulfonylurea exposures with hypoglycemia (glucose concentration <60 mg/dL) that were consulted on by the California Poison ...
Weinberg Zachary Y ZY Department of Psychology, Reed College, Portland, OR 97202, United - - 2011
While past research suggests that ghrelin stimulates appetite through an action on hypothalamic signaling, recent evidence indicates that the peptide acts via mesotelencephalic dopamine neurons to alter appetitive motivation. In the present study, rats were trained to operantly respond for food on a progressive ratio PR5 schedule until stable breakpoints ...
Schaerlaeken Vicky - - 2011
The ability to modulate feeding kinematics in response to prey items with different functional properties is likely a prerequisite for most organisms that feed on a variety of food items. Variation in prey properties is expected to reveal variation in feeding function and the functional role of the different phases ...
Perkisas S S Department of Haematology, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium. - - 2011
Since 2004, the US Food And Drug Administration and the European Medicine Agency are giving warnings about cocaine adulterated with levamisole. Levamisole is primarily used as an anti-helminthic. One of the side-effects of levamisole is a decreased bone marrow function. Herein we describe the first case of agranulocytosis and neutropenic ...
Earhart Ann - - 2011
Over the past several years, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has received more than 250 adverse event reports in which vascular access devices have ruptured when used with power injectors. The adverse events include rupture and device fragmentation. The outcome of these events affects both the patient and the ...
Acke Els - - 2011
The genetic similarity of Campylobacter jejuni isolates from pets, compared to human clinical cases and retail food isolates collected in Ireland over 2001-2006 was investigated by cluster analysis of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) fingerprinting profiles. Comparison of the PFGE profiles of 60 pet isolates and 109 human isolates revealed that ...
Adams Diane K DK National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, 30 Convent Drive, Building 30 Room 523, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 USA. - - 2011
Food can act as a powerful stimulus, eliciting metabolic, behavioural and developmental responses. These phenotypic changes can alter ecological and evolutionary processes; yet, the molecular mechanisms underlying many plastic phenotypic responses remain unknown. Here we show that dopamine signalling through a type-D(2) receptor mediates developmental plasticity by regulating arm length ...
Speed Nicole N Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of - - 2011
The prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically worldwide. The obesity epidemic begs for novel concepts and therapeutic targets that cohesively address "food-abuse" disorders. We demonstrate a molecular link between impairment of a central kinase (Akt) involved in insulin signaling induced by exposure to a high-fat (HF) diet and dysregulation of ...
Ertekin Cumhur - - 2010
This review examines the evidence regarding the clinical and neurophysiological differences between voluntary and spontaneous swallows. From the clinical point of view, voluntary swallow (VS) occurs when a human has a desire to eat or drink during the awake and aware state. Spontaneous swallow (SS) is the result of accumulated ...
Plett Darren - - 2010
Improvement of salinity tolerance in cereal crops is an important goal for plant scientists if the yield of cereal crops is to be increased to meet the food demand of an increasing world population.
Nicolò Marco Sebastiano - - 2011
Several foodborne human pathogens, when exposed to harsh conditions, enter viable but nonculturable (VBNC) state; however, still open is the question whether VBNC pathogens could be a risk for public health, because, potentially, they can resuscitate. Moreover, cultural methods for food safety control were not able to detect VBNC forms ...
Money P - - 2010
Entero-haemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a zoonotic pathogen, responsible for a relatively small number of food poisoning and illness outbreaks each year, when compared with other food-borne bacteria capable of causing infections in the population. Nevertheless, E. coli O157:H7 is a bacterial pathogen associated with severe human illnesses including bloody ...
Gawade Lata - - 2010
Several food borne outbreaks have highlighted the importance of Listeria monocytogenes to the public health and have been recognized as an emerging, important food borne pathogen, and a causative agent of listerioses. A number of genes are involved in the manifestation of Listeria virulence, hlyA is one among them. In ...
Sánchez B - - 2010
Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogenic microorganism that has been associated with serious infection problems in different fields, from food to clinic. In the present study, we have taken into account that the main reservoirs of this microorganism are the human body and some parts of food processing plants, which ...
Feás Xesús - - 2010
Honey has always been regarded as a food which is advantageous for one's health and as a product which has healing qualities. For this reason, is necessary to protect consumers from the fraudulent mislabeling of inferior honeys. The purpose of this study was to investigate some properties of artisanal honey ...
Vriesekoop Frank - - 2010
Abstract A total of 1280 banknotes were obtained from food outlets in 10 different countries (Australia, Burkina Faso, China, Ireland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Mexico, the United Kingdom, and the United States), and their bacterial content was enumerated. The presence of bacteria on banknotes was found to be influenced ...
Kudaka Jun - - 2010
The enumeration and evaluation of the activity of marine bacteria are important in the food industry. However, detection of marine bacteria in seawater or seafood has not been easy. The Petrifilm aerobic count plate (ACP) is a ready-to-use alternative to the traditional enumeration media used for bacteria associated with food. ...
Zhang Guodong - - 2010
Shigella outbreaks are widely reported throughout the world. However, it remains a challenge to isolate Shigella spp. from foods by using conventional microbiological media. The main objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a novel chromogenic medium, Rainbow agar Shigella/Aeromonas (Rainbow agar), for the isolation and detection ...
Miller Fátima A - - 2010
This study compares the feature of different media with the combination of selective with non-selective media in a TAL method for recovery of Listeria innocua cells exposed to thermal treatments. Experiments were conducted in broth at constant temperature (52.5 and 65.0 °C) and pH (4.5 and 7.5) conditions, using NaCl or ...
Rattanachaikunsopon Pongsak - - 2010
Carvacrol and cymene, phenolic compounds naturally present in the essential oil of oregano and thyme, were examined for their antimicrobial activity against Vibrio cholerae (ATCC 14033, VC1, and VC7) inoculated in carrot juice. Carvacrol exhibited a dose dependent inhibitory effect on the bacteria. Although cymene did not have antimicrobial activity ...
Bhandare Sudhakar - - 2010
The magnitude of food-borne illnesses in India is unknown because of lack of surveillance networks. Monitoring the prevalence of food-borne pathogens and indicators of contamination in primary production at abattoirs is imperative for creating a data bank and for effective control of such pathogens before they enter the food chain. ...
Eglezos Sofroni - - 2010
Illness associated with Bacillus cereus may be underreported as very few of those affected seek medical attention owing to the mild nature and short duration of symptoms. For this reason there is little information on the prevalence and concentration of this pathogen in retail food products. A total of 1263 ...
Almualla Najla A - - 2010
Over the last few years, ready-to-eat (RTE) foods have become popular in grocery stores all over the world. This study was conducted to evaluate the microbiological safety and shelf life of some RTE salads sold in supermarkets in Sharjah Emirate, United Arab Emirates. Samples of four RTE salads, tabbouleh, hummus, ...
Yokoyama Eiji - - 2010
A novel gene amplification method, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), has been recently developed as a rapid, specific diagnostic method for various infectious diseases. We have investigated whether LAMP can be used to detect small numbers of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) cells contaminated in food samples. Primers for LAMP reaction were ...
Araki Emiko - - 2010
Density gradient centrifugation (DGC) is useful for the separation of living microbial cells from food samples that are not filterable. After DGC, however, careful operation is necessary to collect each density layer. For a simple and reproducible collection after DGC, we have developed a seamless operation system composed of a ...
Kim Jason S - - 2010
Foodstuffs have traditionally been challenging matrices for conducting immunoassays. Proteins, carbohydrates, and other macromolecules present in food matrices may interfere with both immunoassays and PCR-based tests, and removal of particulate matter may also prove challenging prior to analyses. This has been found true when testing for bacterial contamination of foods ...
Critzer Faith J - - 2010
Sodium benzoate is a widely used food antimicrobial in drinks and fruit juices. A microarray study was conducted to determine the transcriptional response of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to 0.5% (wt/vol) sodium benzoate. E. coli O157:H7 grown in 150 ml of Luria-Bertani broth was exposed to 0% (control) and 0.5% sodium ...
Maier Wolfgang - - 2010
The type of food source has previously been shown to be as important as the level of food intake in influencing lifespan. Here we report that different Escherichia coli food sources alter Caenorhabditis elegans lifespan. These effects are modulated by different subsets of sensory neurons, which act with nmur-1, a ...
McLean Sarah K - - 2010
In recent years, there has been an increasing number of foodborne outbreaks linked to the consumption of culturally diverse foods. This appears to be because of the increasing quantity of culturally diverse foods available and a preference to store these foods, some of which are considered potentially hazardous, at ambient ...
Hunter Dawn M - - 2010
Rapid identification of viable bacterial contaminants in food products is important because of their potential to cause disease. This study examined a method for microbial detection by using a combined ATP bioluminescence immunoassay. Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium were selected as target organisms because of their implication ...
Gauthier Martine - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this project were two-fold, to: (1) implement rapid, simple, and inexpensive test methods enabling the detection of the foodborne pathogens Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in foods and related samples, for the purpose of establishing basic on-site food microbiology testing capability at the Nunavik Research Centre ...
Guan Wenqiang - - 2010
Tissue browning and microbial growth are the main concerns associated with fresh-cut apples. In this study, effects of sodium chlorite (SC) and calcium propionate (CP), individually and combined, on quality and microbial population of apple slices were investigated. "Granny Smith" apple slices, dipped for 5 min in CP solutions at ...
D'Souza Doris H - - 2010
Human noroviruses pose an emerging public health threat, and despite stringent control strategies, variant strains continue to spread and cause disease outbreaks. Routinely used chemical sanitizers, such as sodium hypochlorite though effective on food contact surfaces, require high concentrations to cause reduction in enteric viral titers. The aim of this ...
Ha Ji-Hyoung - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine whether combined treatments would produce synergistic disinfection effects on food products during food processing compared with single treatments. We investigated the bactericidal effects of a commercial chemical disinfectant (ethanol) and of UV radiation on Bacillus cereus F4810/72, Cronobacter sakazakii KCTC 2949, Staphylococcus ...
Crowley Erin - - 2010
The automated method for enumeration of Escherichia coli, TEMPO EC, in foods uses a dehydrated culture medium and enumeration card containing 48 wells across three different dilutions for the automatic determination of the most probable number (MPN). The alternative method was compared in a multilaboratory collaborative study to AOAC Official ...
DePaola Angelo - - 2010
Two samples of market oysters, primarily from retail establishments, were collected twice each month in each of nine states during 2007. Samples were shipped refrigerated overnight to five U.S. Food and Drug Administration laboratories on a rotating basis and analyzed by most probable number (MPN) for total and pathogenic Vibrio ...
Menz Garry - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting the survival and growth of four food-borne pathogens (Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus) in sweet and fermenting brewery wort. The Gram-negative pathogens (E. coli and Salm. Typhimurium) were capable of growth during the initial ...
Corry Janet E L - - 2010
The objective of this study was to assess whether it is possible to minimise the variance in colony counts on replicate target samples of foods by aseptic compositing of the samples or by increasing the quantity of sample examined. The results show that compositing reduces the overall variance, and hence ...
Rattanasena Paweena - - 2010
This study aims to examine the pathogenic bacterial contaminations in foods sold in hospital cafeteria. A study was conducted between April and September of 2008 using cafeteria located in Mahasarakham provincial hospital, Thailand, as a study area. The cafeteria foods were evaluated for contaminations with Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella ...
Rúgeles Laura Cristina LC Laboratorio de Ecología Microbiana de Alimentos, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de los Andes, - - 2010
The prevalence of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in childhood diarrhea and the role of contaminated food products in disease transmission in Colombia are largely unknown. The aim of this study is to identify E. coli pathotypes, including E. coli O157:H7, from 108 stool samples from children with acute diarrhea, 38 meat ...
Vincent Caroline - - 2010
Closely related strains of Escherichia coli have been shown to cause extraintestinal infections in unrelated persons. This study tests whether a food reservoir may exist for these E. coli. Isolates from 3 sources over the same time period (2005-2007) and geographic area were compared. The sources comprised prospectively collected E. ...
Lindblad M - - 2010
AIMS: To model the effect of water activity (a(w)) and concentration of undissociated lactic acid (HLac) on the time to growth (TTG) and the growth/no growth boundary of acid-adapted generic Escherichia coli, used as model organisms for Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC). METHODS AND RESULTS: For each of two E. ...
Signorini M L - - 2010
A stochastic simulation model was used to assess the effects of measures implemented in the agri-food-chain to reduce the contamination of ground beef with verotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC). A published risk assessment model developed in Argentina was used as baseline scenario. Control measures assessed were based on either a reduction ...
Baek Eunhye - - 2009
One hundred ninety-three frozen food samples collected in Korea various public bazaars from October 2006 to September 2007. Staphylococci were detected in 21.8% of frozen food samples. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from 17 (8.8%) samples. Other staphylococci isolates were identified as S. warneri (7.8%), S. epidermidis (2.1%), S. xylosus (1.6%), ...
Little Christine - - 2009
This study was undertaken to assess the cleanliness of food preparation areas, cleaning methods used, and the microbiological quality of water used by 1258 mobile food vendors in the UK. Samples collected included potable water (1102), cleaning cloths (801) and environmental swabs from food preparation surfaces (2704). Cleaning cloths were ...
Kim Hee-Yeon - - 2009
We investigated the possibility of using hollow-fiber ultrafiltration (HUF) for the simultaneous recovery of multiple microorganisms in food samples. MS2 bacteriophage, E. coli, Bacillus subtilis spores, and murine norovirus (MNV) were each inoculated into 5 liters of either distilled water (DW) or glycine elution buffer and then concentrated using hollow-fiber ...
Wang Dapeng - - 2010
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is an important food-borne bacterium that is closely related to food poisoning from consumption of raw or lightly-cooked oysters. Therefore, intensive efforts must be taken to depurate the contaminated oysters. Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is considered to be a safe and effective disinfectant and is routinely applied for treatment ...
Bhaduri Saumya - - 2010
Knowledge of the behavior of Yersinia pestis in food may be useful in the event Y. pestis is used in a bioterrorism attack on the food supply. However, there are no reports on the growth of plasmid-bearing (pYV) virulent Y. pestis in food. The growth of a conditionally virulent pYV-bearing ...
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