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Results 451 - 500 of 806
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Poms R E - - 2001
The survival of Helicobacter pylori (NCTC 11638) in various semiprocessed and fresh, ready-to-eat foods, and one raw chicken was studied at 4 degrees C and under aerobic conditions by experimentally inoculating these with 10(4) CFU. Cells were concentrated by two centrifugation cycles followed by plating onto selective blood agar medium ...
Candlish AAG - - 2001
A range of ethnic foods was examined for their microbiological content in relation to total viable counts (TVC) of aerobic bacteria, counts of presumptive coliforms, yeast and mould counts; presence of Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter spp.; total enumeration of Clostridium perfringens, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus ...
Annous B A - - 2001
Conventional and experimental washing formulations were applied with a commercial flatbed brush washer under conditions representative of commercial practice to determine their efficacy in decontaminating apples inoculated with a nonpathogenic Escherichia coli strain. Golden Delicious apples (18 kg) inoculated with E. coli were mixed with approximately 109 kg of uninoculated ...
Araujo M - - 2001
Clostridium perfringens is widely recognised as a reliable water pollution indicator. Since several media can be employed for the membrane filtration enumeration of this microorganism, the main aim of this work was to investigate the ability of fluorocult-supplemented TSC-agar (Merck) for recovering Cl. perfringens from public springs used for direct ...
Barrett E C - - 2001
Seven onsite constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in the coastal plains of Alabama and North Carolina were studied from September 1997 to July 1998. Each site was examined for its ability to remove a range of fecal contamination indicators from settled wastewater. Indicator organisms include total and fecal coliforms, enterococci, ...
Hayes M C - - 2001
The bacterial composition of bulk tank milk from 13 farms was examined over a 2-wk period to characterize sudden elevations in the total bacterial count referred to as "spikes." Bulk tank milk samples collected at each pick-up were analyzed for standard plate count, Petrifilm aerobic count, somatic cell count, gram-negative ...
Johnson P E - - 2001
The primary objective of this research is to examine the feasibility of using an innovative technique based on laser-induced fluorescence coupled with flow cytometry to detect pathogenic microorganisms in food or water in real time. Our initial application is the rapid detection of E. coli O157:H7 in ground beef. The ...
Rasmussen M A - - 2001
The presence of E. coli O157:H7 in cattle illustrates the complex, interrelated nature of the environment, livestock production practices, food safety, and the science of microbiology, particularly microbial ecology. Enterohemorrhagic E. coli, including E. coli O157:H7, can cause severe human diseases that can be debilitating and life threatening. Cattle are ...
Casanova L M - - 2001
In arid areas, the search for efficient methods to conserve water is of paramount importance. One of the methods of water conservation available today is graywater recycling--the reuse of water from the sinks, showers, washing machine, and dishwasher in a home. The purpose of this project was to characterize the ...
Hutchinson T P - - 2000
The graphical presentation of measurements of the progress over time of bacterial death or inactivation is discussed. Specifically, the Weibull distribution may be a useful generalisation of the exponential distribution. Data from experiments on the non-thermal death of Escherichia coli reported by Shadbolt et al. [Int. J. Food Microbiol. 49 ...
Iroegbu C U - - 2000
Bacteriological quality of weaning food and drinking water given to 2 groups of children aged < or = years was evaluated by estimating bacterial cell count. One group consisted of those taken to market and the other of those left at home in the care of older siblings or house-helps. ...
Mosupye F M - - 2000
One hundred and thirty-two samples of beef, chicken, salad and gravy were collected from two street vendors over eleven replicate surveys to assess microbiological safety and quality. For each food type samples were collected during preparation and holding. Dish water was also collected and food preparation surfaces swabbed during preparation ...
Sasaki T - - 2000
We previously reported that enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157: H7 (EHEC) proliferates in the mouthparts of the house fly Musca domestica vicina Macquart and are excreted for at least 3 d after ingestion. However, the role of the crop and excretory behavior of the house fly in contamination of human food ...
Park C M - - 2000
A study was done to determine the survival characteristics of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in potato starch powder as affected by aw (0.24-0.26, 0.51-0.52 and 0.75-0.78), pH (4.1 and 6.7) and temperature (4, 20 and 37 degrees C) over a 33-week storage period. Survival was enhanced as the aw decreased. The ...
Berrang M E - - 2000
Scalding has been found to lower the levels of Campylobacter on broiler carcasses. However, the numbers recovered from whole-carcass rinse samples increase following defeathering. This study was undertaken to examine the effect of a second scald applied after defeathering on microbial levels recovered from carcass rinses. Four treatments were evaluated: ...
Cocolin L - - 2000
In view of the considerable public health risk of the enteropathogenic (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic (EHEC) Escherichia coli, a multiplex-PCR based method was used for the amplification of the slt genes and of the eaeA gene. Three pairs of primers, different from the oligonucleotides previously used by other authors, were exploited ...
el-Adawy T A - - 2000
Legume-whey weaning foods formulas were stored for 6 months in aluminum foil coated by polyester at room temperature (22-25 degrees C) and refrigerator (4 degrees C). Peroxide values and free fatty acids values of weaning food formulas reached to its maximum after 3 and 2 months, respectively, and after that ...
Nakagawa H - - 2000
We tried to detect Escherichia coli O157:H7 in food samples artificially contaminated with freeze-injured E. coli O157:H7 using an enrichment method with modified EC broth supplemented with novobiocin (mEC + n). When the samples were cultured for enrichment immediately after inoculation of freeze-injured cells, E. coli O157:H7 was not detected ...
Mach P A - - 2000
Results with the new 3M Petrifilm Rapid S. aureus Count (RSA) Plate method were compared with those of the classical Baird-Parker agar (BPA) method for detection and enumeration of Staphylococcus aureus. Studies on 219 bacterial strains demonstrated that the Petrifilm RSA plate is more sensitive than and as specific as ...
Ramos M - - 2000
Fresh catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) fillets are known to be contaminated with a large number of spoilage and pathogenic bacteria. The Grovac method, a new patented (U.S. 5,543,163) process, was evaluated for its efficacy in reducing the number of pathogens and spoilage microorganisms associated with food. This process involves using a ...
Phillips A D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) constitute a significant risk to human health worldwide, and infections, particularly with serogroup O157:H7, are associated with consumption of a variety of food and water vehicles, particularly food of bovine origin. EHEC cause acute gastroenteritis, bloody diarrhoea, and haemorrhagic colitis; up to 10% of cases ...
Nattress F M - - 2000
Three groups, each of 45 pigs, were either not fasted, fasted for 15 h during lairage at the abattoir, or fasted for 15 h before dispatch from the piggery to the abattoir. Three subgroups, each of 15 pigs from each group, were held at the abattoir for additional times of ...
Priego R - - 2000
This research note is a preliminary comparison between the Petrifilm 2000 method and a widely used traditional enumeration method (on violet red bile agar); six batches of different foods (egg, frozen green beans, fresh sausage, a bakery product, raw minced meat, and raw milk) were studied. The reliability of the ...
Dickens J A - - 2000
Protecta II, an herbal extract on an NaCl carrier, was evaluated in a 30-min, 1 C simulated chill for its effectiveness of lowering microbial counts on broiler carcasses. Eighteen broiler carcasses were obtained from a local processing plant after final wash but before chill, placed into an insulated container, and ...
Hara-Kudo Y - - 2000
We studied injury of Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells in 11 food items during freeze storage and methods of isolating freeze-injured E. coli O157:H7 cells from foods. Food samples inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 were stored for 16 weeks at -20 degrees C in a freezer. Noninjured and injured cells were ...
Morgan S M - - 2000
A novel method for the isolation of microbially-derived inhibitory substances from food sources was developed. The method involves an enrichment step coupled to a killing assay which is initially carried out in multiwell plates. The technique has advantages in that large numbers of samples can be tested in parallel. The ...
Neyts K - - 2000
The present study evaluated the productivity of BIBG medium for the isolation of Aeromonas spp. from food and describes a modification of the BIBG medium (mBIBG) (increased pH (8.7), replacement of xylose by soluble starch as a carbon source, decreased concentration of bile salts) to increase its selectivity and electivity. ...
Kennedy M - - 2000
The ability to preserve food in a state that is both appetising and nutritious is a basic requirement for health. Food poisoning represents a major source of illness and loss of productivity in many developed countries. Of particular concern in recent years are outbreaks of food poisoning associated with Escherichia ...
Sheth M - - 2000
Hazards and critical control points were identified during the preparation, feeding and storage of weaning foods fed to the children (6-24 months) belonging to low income group (LIG) families using survey methods, spot and indepth observations and microbial analysis. High microbial counts were obtained for the weaning food samples procured ...
Høi L - - 2000
A simplified semi-quantitative method using pre-enrichment in alkaline peptone water supplemented with polymyxin B and plating onto cellobiose-colistin (CC) agar for the estimation of Vibrio vulnificus in bathing water was evaluated. This protocol was tested in a collaborative study with 13 food controlling laboratories in Denmark during the 1999 bathing ...
Corbitt A J - - 2000
Fourteen food residues, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Staphylococcus aureus on stainless steel surfaces were detected using a combined assay with adenylate kinase as a cellular marker and ATP bioluminescence. The limit of sensitivity ranged from 0.02 to 708 microg for minced meat and broccoli, respectively. Both methods gave the same ...
Williams R C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: An outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection was identified in the spring of 1998, with a 7-fold increase in the number of laboratory-confirmed E. coli O157:H7 cases in southern Ontario. This prompted an intensive investigation by local, provincial and federal public health officials. METHODS: Case interviews of 25 people ...
Wu F M - - 2000
Outbreaks of shigellosis associated with chopped parsley used as a garnish for foods occurred in four states in the United States and in two Canadian provinces in 1998. This prompted a study to determine survival and growth characteristics of Shigella sonnei inoculated onto raw parsley. Two inoculum levels (approximately 10(3) ...
Mizuochi S - - 2000
The Compactdry, a ready-to-use and self-diffusible dry medium sheet culture system, has been developed by the Nissui Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. for enumerating bacteria in food. The Compactdry consists of special spread sheet with culture medium that is the same as standard method nutrients, a cold water-soluble gelling agent, and a ...
Torres-Vitela M R - - 2000
The survival of Vibrio cholerae O1 serotypes Inaba and Ogawa was determined in ceviche prepared from inoculated ground fish. Ground mackerel purchased from a seafood distribution center was inoculated with V. cholerae and stored at 8 or 20 degrees C. Counts of V. cholerae decreased in 2.6 to 2.7 log10 ...
Dutreux N - - 2000
The use of pulsed electric fields (PEF) is considered as a mild process in the inactivation of microorganisms present in liquid food products. PEF treatments of Escherichia coli and Listeria innocua suspended in milk and phosphate buffer, with same pH and same conductivities, yielded to similar inactivation. Reduction rates obtained ...
Gillespie I - - 2000
A microbiological study of cold, ready-to-eat sliced meats from 2579 catering establishments (public houses, hotels, cafés, restaurants, residential homes and other catering premises) found that 2587 of 3494 samples (74%) were of acceptable quality, 892 (26%) were of unsatisfactory quality and 15 (<1%) were of unacceptable quality. Unacceptable results were ...
Roller S - - 2000
The potential for using chitosan glutamate as a natural food preservative in mayonnaise and mayonnaise-based shrimp salad was investigated. Mayonnaise containing 3 g/liter of chitosan combined with acetic acid (0.16%) or lemon juice (1.2 and 2.6%) was inoculated with log 5 to 6 CFU/g of Salmonella Enteritidis, Zygosaccharomyces bailii, or ...
McClure P J - - 2000
Studies describing the survival of Escherichia coli in foods, more often than not use the O157:H7 serovar as the target organism. Whilst E. coli O157:H7 is undoubtedly the predominant agent of concern for foodborne disease caused by enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), a consequence of this concern is the commonly held ...
Nichols G - - 2000
A survey of 4,346 samples of ice from retail and catering premises examined 3,528 samples (81%) used to cool drinks and 144 samples (3%) from food displays. For 674 samples (15%), the origin was not recorded. Most samples of ice used to cool drinks or ready-to-eat food on displays did ...
Sharpe A N - - 2000
Food suspensions prepared by Pulsifier contained less debris and filtered 1.3x to 12x faster through hydrophobic grid membrane filters (HGMFs) than those prepared by Stomacher 400. Coliform and Escherichia coli counts made by an HGMF method yielded 84 and 36 paired samples, respectively, positive by both suspending methods. Overall counts ...
Stringer S C - - 2000
Verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a cause of serious foodborne illness. It has a very small infectious dose and so it is vital to eliminate this pathogen from food. As heat treatment is the method of bacterial destruction most frequently used in food processing, accurate prediction of thermal death rates ...
Smith C F - - 1999
SimPlate for Total Plate Count-Color Indicator (TPC-CI, IDEXX Laboratories, Inc., Westbrook, Me.) is a new medium that incorporates the redox dye resazurin to detect and quantify bacteria in food. Enumeration is achieved by the most probable number method using a SimPlate device. Viable bacteria are detected in each well of ...
Yu S L - - 1999
To develop a hazard analysis and critical control point plan for food processing operations, critical control points must be determined. Swine slaughtering and dressing operations were investigated to establish their critical control points. We monitored the microbiology of swine carcasses by surface swabbing carcass bellies at various steps during the ...
Wawerla M - - 1999
Impedance microbiology is a rapid method that enables qualitative and quantitative tracing of microorganisms by measuring the change in the electrical conductivity. With direct impedance technology, the change in the conductivity of a liquid culture medium serves as a measuring parameter, whereas with indirect impediometry, the change in the electrical ...
Edmiston A L - - 1999
Experiments were conducted to evaluate a rapid method for enumerating Escherichia coli on food products of animal origin. In study I, rinses from samples of chicken, ground beef, pork, and fish and samples of milk were inoculated with various levels of actively growing E. coli. Conductance assays were monitored at ...
Mosupye F M - - 1999
Fifty-one ready-to-eat street foods, 18 dishwater, and 18 surface swab samples were collected from six vendors in Johannesburg, South Africa. Food temperatures were recorded at the time of sampling. Standard methods were used to determine aerobic plate counts (APCs), spore counts (SCs), and Enterobacteriaceae counts (ECs) for food samples as ...
De M - - 1999
In India, spices have been traditionally used since ancient times, for the preservation of food products as they have been reported to have antiseptic and disinfectant properties. In this respect, a preliminary screening for antimicrobial activities of 35 different Indian spices has been carried out. Of the spices surveyed, the ...
Taylor J H - - 1999
A number of proprietary disinfectant products (18) used in the food industry were tested for their bactericidal efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli O157:H7 at 20 and 10 degrees C according to the BS EN 1276 (1997) quantitative suspension test for the evaluation of bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectants ...
Kobayashi M - - 1999
An epidemic of enterohemorrhagic colitis caused by Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EHEC-O157) occurred in a nursery school in a rural area of Japan in September 1996. The EHEC-O157 were isolated both from patients and houseflies collected at the school. The flies were suspected to be mechanical vectors of the pathogen. Feeding ...
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