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Micioni Di Bonaventura Maria Vittoria MV School of Pharmacy, Pharmacology Unit, University of Camerino, I-62032 Camerino, - - 2014
We developed recently a binge-eating model in which female rats with a history of intermittent food restriction show binge-like palatable food consumption after 15 min exposure to the sight of the palatable food. This "frustration stress" manipulation also activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress axis. Here, we determined the role of the ...
Michels Nathalie - - 2014
Objective: Psychosocial stress has been linked with an unhealthy lifestyle but the relation's direction remains unclear. Does stress induce sleeping problems, comfort food consumption, and lower physical activity, or do these unhealthy lifestyle factors enhance stress? This study examined the bidirectional stress-lifestyle relation in children. Method: The relation between stress ...
Papadopoulou A A Asthma and Allergy Pediatric Unit, "KAT" General Hospital, Kifisia, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Antioxidant intake changes have been implicated with the increase in asthma and allergies outcomes, but no clear association has been revealed. In this cross sectional study, the overall effect of antioxidants on asthma and allergic diseases was studied. Data from the cohorts of the phase II ISAAC survey (2023 children ...
Zhang Fuhai F Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resources Development of Shallow Lakes of Ministry of Education, College of Environment, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, PR China; Anhui Environmental Monitoring Center, Hefei 230061, PR - - 2014
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are of great environmental concern due to bioaccumulation and biomagnification in different food chains. However, significant biotransformation of some congeners via reductive debromination has been observed during in vivo and in vitro laboratory exposures. Little is known about the fate of 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-153) in fish. ...
Drew Janice E JE Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health, University of - - 2014
Cell defences regulating homeostatic control of postprandial stress are influenced by inter-individual variation, food composition and health status. This study investigates effects of food composition on individual postprandial responses and associations with health. Volunteers (n = 16) consumed four food formulations (50% unsaturated/saturated fat, with/without beetroot extract 10g/100g) on separate ...
Tenore Gian Carlo GC Department of Pharmacy, Università di Napoli Federico II, Via D. Montesano 49, 80131 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Commercial canned fish species typical in the Italian market were evaluated for their lipid profile. Bluefin tuna samples showed the highest content in omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) among the canned fish samples analysed. Tests on H9C2 cardiomyocytes revealed that bluefin tuna n-3 PUFA may responsible for a significant cell ...
Tan Dun-Xian DX Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, - - 2014
Melatonin has been identified in primitive photosynthetic bacteria, fungi, plants and animals including humans. Vegetables, fruits, cereals, wine and beers all contain melatonin. However, the melatonin content in meats has not been reported previously. Here, for the first time, we report melatonin in meats, eggs, colostrum and in other edible ...
Esteban M A MA Fish Innate Immune System Group. Department of Cell Biology and Histology. Faculty of Biology, Campus Regional de Excelencia Internacional "Campus Mare Nostrum", University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Antioxidant activity is particularly important, since oxidation is an unavoidable reaction in all living bodies. At present, natural antioxidants to be used on food as an alternative to synthetic ones are being sought. Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) specimens were fed for 4 weeks with diets enriched with bacterial probiotics ...
Petrowski Katja K Institute of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic Medicine, School of Medicine, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Psychosocial stress is accompanied by an increase in the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA)-axis and by an increase in food intake. At present, no studies have been conducted to examine the impact of a potent laboratory stress test on the chewing frequency. Thirty-one healthy participants (14 females, mean age 27.13) ...
Ates Mehmet M Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Jackson State University, PO Box 17910 Jackson, Mississippi, 39217, USA; Department of Bioengineering, Tunceli University, Tunceli, 62000, - - 2014
Dietary and waterborne exposure to copper oxide (CuO) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) was conducted using a simplified model of an aquatic food chain consisting of zooplankton (Artemia salina) and goldfish (Carassius auratus) to determine bioaccumulation, toxic effects, and particle transport through trophic levels. Artemia contaminated with NPs were ...
Quiroga Patricia R PR Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal (IMBIV, CONICET), Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (UNC), Av. Valparaiso s/n, CC 509, X5016GCA, Córdoba, - - 2014
Oxidation products and rancid flavours decrease the sensory quality of food products, making them unacceptable to consumers. Synthetic antioxidants are used in many foods to prevent rancidity though their safety is questioned. Monoterpenes are obtained from essential oils and many of them have shown antioxidant activity. The objective was to ...
Czaja Katarzyna K National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene, Department of Toxicology and Risk Assessment, Warsaw, - - 2014
Introduction of new regulations on food safety in the European Union resulted in withdrawal of many synthetic active substances used in plant protection products, due to their potential or actual harmful effect on human and animal health, as well as on the environment. An alternative for these compounds became the ...
Lee Sun Young SY Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-750, - - 2014
The traditional Korean diet is plant-based and rich in antioxidants. Previous studies have investigated the potential health benefits of individual nutrients of Korean foods. However, the cumulative effects of a Korean diet on inflammation remain poorly understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of ...
Ceko Melanie J MJ School of Chemistry and Physics, The University of Adelaide, SA 5005, - - 2014
Copper (Cu) is an essential element and the effects of diets deficient in it are well established. However, the effects of long-term high copper intake are less clear. The chemical form of copper from food sources and its resultant bioavailability is a potentially important factor in its biological activity. X-ray ...
Pastoriza Silvia S Departamento de Fisiología y Bioquímica de la Nutrición Animal (INAN), Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Spanish National Research Council, Armilla, Granada, - - 2014
Most foods included within the western diet are subjected to heat processing. During such treatment, the Maillard reaction takes place, generating brown polymers known as melanoidins. Melanoidins could have health beneficial properties such as chemopreventive, antimicrobial or antioxidant capacity. Here we have established the content of melanoidins in thermally processed ...
Barrington Wendy E - - 2014
Stress has been associated with eating patterns in human studies with differences due to the type and duration of stressor, type of food, and individual susceptibility factors. Laboratory and smaller epidemiological studies have reported stress-associated preferences for foods high in sugar and fat; associations have been found more consistently among ...
Cherfi Abdelhamid A Chemistry department, Faculty of Sciences, M'hamed Bougara University, 35000 - Boumerdes, Algeria. Electronic address: - - 2014
A food survey was carried out with the aim to investigate the levels of lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and chromium (Cr) in various fruits and vegetables sold in Algeria. Concentrations (mg/kg dry wt.) in selected foodstuffs were detected within the following ranges: 4-29.49, 11.17-49, 12.33-39.33 and 3-16.33 for ...
Zheng Yan - - 2014
The human metabolome is a measurable outcome of interactions among an individual's inherited genome, microbiome, and dietary intake. We explored the relationship between dietary intake and serum untargeted metabolomic profiles in a subsample of 1,977 African Americans from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study in 1987-1989. For each metabolite, ...
Hollman Peter C H PC Wageningen University and RIKILT Wageningen UR;Wageningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Plant metabolism creates complex mixtures of polyphenols in plant foods. Epidemiology and human trials reduced this complexity, by studying specific foods; subclasses of polyphenols; individual polyphenols, or total antioxidant capacity (TAC). This implies the following assumptions: 1) a limited number of potent polyphenols exists; 2) well-defined natural potent mixtures of ...
van Strien Tatjana T Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9102, 6500 HC Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Free University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Self-reported emotional eating has been found to significantly moderate distress-induced food intake, with low emotional eaters eating less after a stress task than after a control task and high emotional eaters eating more. The aim of the present study was to explore possible underlying mechanisms by assessing possible associations with ...
Khor Amanda A School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia; Australasian Research Institute, Sydney Adventist Hospital, NSW, - - 2014
Research indicates that energy-dense foods increase inflammation and oxidative activity, thereby contributing to the development of vascular disease. However, it is not clear whether the high kilojoule load alone, irrespective of the nutritional content of the ingested food, produces the postprandial oxidative and inflammatory activity. This study investigated the hypothesis ...
Stasinos Sotiris S Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Dept. of Chemistry, Univ. of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
The bioaccumulation of heavy metals in food tubers (carrots, onions, and potatoes) as a result of polluted irrigation water has been studied in this review paper. Given that heavy metals can cause a considerable oxidative stress, the impact of these metals to the physiology of the plants has also been ...
Ismail Tariq T Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University , Multan , - - 2014
Abstract The present study aims at highlighting the nutritive potential of pomegranate peel and its possible utilization as an ingredient of choice to nutritionally enrich cookies. Biochemical composition and free radical scavenging features of pomegranate peel powder (PoP) and PoP supplemented cookies were measured. PoP supplementation significantly (p < 0.05) improved dietary ...
Swieca MichaƂ M Department of Biochemistry and Food Chemistry, University of Life Sciences, Skromna Str. 8, 20-704 Lublin, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study considered the efficacy of UV-B treatment and precursor feeding with phenolic synthesis precursors in relation to the production of polyphenol-rich sprouts. The used modifications of sprouting caused an increase in the activities of tyrosine ammonia-lyase and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase. The biotechnological approaches used allowed for a significant enhancement of ...
Meenakshi Selvaraju S CAS in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Parangipettai 608 502, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fucoidan is the sulfated polysaccharide which is present in the cell wall of the brown seaweeds with high nutritive value. It is widely known for its pharmacological activity and hence it is added as a main ingredient in the food supplements. A water soluble crude polysaccharide was extracted from Turbinaria ...
Papillo Valentina Azzurra - - 2014
This study aimed at elucidating the influence of food matrix on the release of antioxidant activity from five plant foods (apple, spinach, walnut, red beans and whole wheat). To this purpose a protocol based on sequential enzymatic digestion was adopted. The total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of solubilized and insoluble material ...
Xu Yi Y National Center for Molecular Characterization of Genetically Modified Organisms, School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, P. R. China; College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, 100 Guilin Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai 200234, P. R. - - 2014
Acrylamide (AA) was firstly detected in food in 2002, and since then, studies on AA analysis, occurrence, formation, toxicity, risk assessment and mitigation have been extensively carried out, which have greatly advanced understanding of this particular biohazard at both academic and industrial levels. There is considerable variation in the levels ...
Boersma Gretha J GJ Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
This review discusses the effects of stress and nutrition throughout development and summarizes studies investigating how exposure to stress or alterations in nutrition during the pre-conception, prenatal and early postnatal periods can affect the long-term health of an individual. In general, the data presented here suggest that that anything signalling ...
Han Jeong-Hwa JH Department of Food and Nutrition, Hannam University, 1646 Yuseong-daero, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-811, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to measure and/or estimate the total antioxidant capacity of the Korean diet. Eighty-one plant foods that were expected to exhibit rather high antioxidant activities were selected from the Korean diet using the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey (KNHANES V). These foods were ...
Capello Aimée E M AE Department of Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stress or negative mood often promotes energy intake and overeating. Since the serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) is found to mediate stress vulnerability as well as to influence energy intake, this gene may also influence the negative effects of stress exposure on overeating. Moreover, since stress proneness also reflects cognitive ...
Brandon E F A EF Centre for Substances and Integrated Risk Assessment, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment , Bilthoven , The Netherlands - - 2014
Abstract In the Netherlands, vitamin intake occurs mainly via food and for some vitamins also via fortified food. In addition, some people take dietary supplements. Information on the bioavailability of vitamins is important for a good estimation of the actual exposure to vitamins. Furthermore, for a reliable intake estimation, it ...
Jiang Yu - - 2014
Higher intakes of cruciferous vegetables or their constituents have been shown to lower inflammation in animal studies. However, evidence for this anti-inflammatory effect of cruciferous vegetable consumption in humans is scarce. In this cross-sectional analysis, we evaluated associations of vegetable intake with a panel of inflammatory and oxidative stress markers ...
Martín-Sánchez Ana María AM IPOA Research Group (Grupo 1-UMH, Grupo REVIV-Generalitat Valenciana), AgroFood Technology Department, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Orihuela, Miguel Hernández University, Ctra. Beniel, Km 3.2, Orihuela, Alicante E-03312, - - 2014
The date agro-industry needs to find appropriate techniques to give value to their co-products. This study analyzes twelve intermediate food products (IFPs) from date co-products, Medjool and Confitera cv. at several ripening stages, blanched and unblanched, for their content in bioactive compounds (phenols, tannins, flavonoids, carotenoids and anthocyanins) and the ...
Ortolani D D Department of Biosciences, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Santos, SP, - - 2014
Abstract The long-term effects of comfort food in an anxiogenic model of stress have yet to be analysed. Here, we evaluated behavioural, endocrine and metabolic parameters in rats submitted or not to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS), with access to commercial chow alone or to commercial chow and comfort food. ...
Muttappa K - - 2014
Acute toxicity of commercial grade organophosphate insecticide, quinalphos (25% emulsified concentration) to common carp (Cyprinus carpio) was tested through bioassay. The acute toxicity of quinalphos to the fingerlings exposed for 96 hr was found to be 2.75 ppm. For sub lethal toxicity study, the fish were exposed to two concentration ...
Chang Yevvon Y YY Department of Hospitality Management, Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC and the Institute of Education, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, - - 2014
Taking weight-loss supplements may create illusion of protection against weight gain and thereby loosen subsequent dietary self-control. The current study examined whether taking weight-loss supplement would increase food intake and further tested whether positive attitudes toward supplements would increase susceptibility to overeating. Participants were randomly assigned to take either a ...
Wang Xiaonan X State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Ecological Effect and Risk Assessment of Chemicals, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China; College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, - - 2014
Triclosan (TCS) is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent used in personal care products, and as a result, is widespread in the environment. Toxicity tests of TCS on aquatic organisms have been reported, but limited toxicity data on terrestrial species are available. In this study, the 28-d chronic toxicity of TCS on ...
Beaulieu Michaël M Faculty of Biology, University of Freiburg, Department of Evolutionary Biology and Animal Ecology, Hauptstr. 1, 79104 Freiburg Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Consuming food rich in antioxidants may help organisms to increase their antioxidant defences and avoid oxidative damage. Under the hypothesis that organisms actively consume food for its antioxidant properties, they would need to do so in view of other physiological requirements, such as energy requirements. Here, we observed that Gouldian ...
Lau Gar-Yen GY Department of Paediatrics, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
Previous reports suggest that parents especially mothers of food-allergic children may have increased anxiety. Studies with an appropriate control group have not been undertaken, and the determinants of such anxiety are not known. We compared measures of anxiety and stress in mothers of food-allergic children and atopic non-food-allergic children, with ...
Sun Hongnan H Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Nutrition Science, Institute of Agro-Products Processing Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Agro-Products Processing, Ministry of Agriculture, No. 2 Yuan Ming Yuan West Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100193, PR - - 2014
In this study, the nutritional compositions of leaves from 40 sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) cultivars were assessed. The correlations between antioxidant activity and crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, carbohydrate, and polyphenol contents were determined. The crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat, carbohydrate and ash contents ranged between 16.69-31.08, ...
Koehnlein Eloá Angélica EA Post Graduate Program in Food Science, State University of Maringá , Paraná , Brazil - - 2014
Abstract The present study aimed to estimate the total dietary antioxidant capacity (TDAC) taken in by the Brazilian population. For analysis, the 36 most consumed foods in Brazil were evaluated. The foods were prepared according to their usual form of consumption and submitted to in vitro digestion. The daily intake ...
Alfaleh Khalid M KM Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, College of Medicine and King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, PO Box 7805, Riyadh 11472, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel. +966 556031222. Fax. +966 (11) 4671709. E-mail: - - 2014
To evaluate vitamin D levels in Saudi newborns utilizing umbilical cord samples, and to benchmark the results with international figures. This cross-sectional study was carried out at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between November 2013 and March 2013. Vitamin D levels were assessed in the umbilical cord of ...
Zhang Xinchen - - 2014
Dietary polyphenols have been proposed to be promising functional food additives for their potent antioxidant capacity and other health-beneficial bioactivities. The current study prepared cookies fortified with five selected dietary polyphenols (naringenin, quercetin, epicatechin, chlorogenic and rosmarinic acid). Results indicated that the enhancement on the antioxidant capacity was not as ...
Vertuani Silvia S 1 Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Section of Medicinal and Health Products, University of Ferrara , Ferrara, Italy - - 2014
Abstract Chocolate antioxidant properties are often claimed; however, they are frequently different from the parent natural sources due to the industry or artisan transformation. In particular, antioxidant property of chocolate and cocoa are not adequately taken into consideration by consumers who normally make use of this food just for its ...
Qureshi Samera Azeem - - 2014
Fruit and vegetable intake has been found to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, certain types of cancer and diabetes mellitus. It is possible that antioxidants play a large part in this protective effect. However, which foods account for the variation in antioxidant intake in a population is not very ...
Sahoo Ranjan R International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology; Aruna Asaf Ali Marg; New Delhi, - - 2014
Protein of nuclear encoded SUV3 (suppressor of Var 3) gene is a DNA and RNA helicase, localized in mitochondria and is a subunit of the degradosome complex involved in regulation of RNA surveillance and turnover. To overcome the abiotic stress-induced loss of crop yield, a multi-stress tolerant trait is required. ...
Sanches-Silva Ana A a Department of Food and Nutrition , National Institute of Health Dr. Ricardo Jorge , Lisbon , - - 2014
The demand for natural antioxidant active packaging is increasing due to their unquestionable advantages compared with the addition of antioxidants directly to the food. Therefore, the search for antioxidants perceived as natural, namely those that naturally occur in herbs and spices, is a field that is attracting great interest. In ...
Basu Arpita A a Department of Nutritional Sciences , 301 Human Environmental Sciences, Oklahoma State University (OSU) , Stillwater , OK , 74078 , - - 2014
Emerging research provides substantial evidence to classify strawberries as a functional food with several preventive and therapeutic health benefits. Strawberries, a rich source of phytochemicals (ellagic acid, anthocyanins, quercetin, and catechin) and vitamins (ascorbic acid and folic acid), have been highly ranked among dietary sources of polyphenols and antioxidant capacity. ...
Benzie Iris F F IF Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are a multitude of antioxidants in foods, especially in foods of plant origin. Higher intake of antioxidant-rich foods is clearly associated with better health and functional longevity. The specific agents and mechanisms responsible are not yet clear, but there is convincing evidence that including more plant-based, antioxidant-rich foods, herbs, ...
Petrosino Teresa T a Research Center on Agriculture, CRA-NUT , 00178 , Rome , - - 2014
F2-isoprostanes are a biomarker of lipid peroxidation, and their measurement has emerged as a reliable approach to assess oxidative stress. However, dietary intervention studies in humans have provided contrasting results following supplementation with antioxidant-rich foods or supplements. In this paper, we have systematically reviewed the evidence about the effect of ...
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