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Stasinos Sotiris S Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Dept. of Chemistry, Univ. of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
The bioaccumulation of heavy metals in food tubers (carrots, onions, and potatoes) as a result of polluted irrigation water has been studied in this review paper. Given that heavy metals can cause a considerable oxidative stress, the impact of these metals to the physiology of the plants has also been ...
Ismail Tariq T Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University , Multan , - - 2014
Abstract The present study aims at highlighting the nutritive potential of pomegranate peel and its possible utilization as an ingredient of choice to nutritionally enrich cookies. Biochemical composition and free radical scavenging features of pomegranate peel powder (PoP) and PoP supplemented cookies were measured. PoP supplementation significantly (p < 0.05) improved dietary ...
Meenakshi Selvaraju S CAS in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Parangipettai 608 502, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fucoidan is the sulfated polysaccharide which is present in the cell wall of the brown seaweeds with high nutritive value. It is widely known for its pharmacological activity and hence it is added as a main ingredient in the food supplements. A water soluble crude polysaccharide was extracted from Turbinaria ...
Papillo Valentina Azzurra - - 2014
This study aimed at elucidating the influence of food matrix on the release of antioxidant activity from five plant foods (apple, spinach, walnut, red beans and whole wheat). To this purpose a protocol based on sequential enzymatic digestion was adopted. The total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of solubilized and insoluble material ...
Xu Yi Y National Center for Molecular Characterization of Genetically Modified Organisms, School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, P. R. China; College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, 100 Guilin Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai 200234, P. R. - - 2014
Acrylamide (AA) was firstly detected in food in 2002, and since then, studies on AA analysis, occurrence, formation, toxicity, risk assessment and mitigation have been extensively carried out, which have greatly advanced understanding of this particular biohazard at both academic and industrial levels. There is considerable variation in the levels ...
Boersma Gretha J GJ Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
This review discusses the effects of stress and nutrition throughout development and summarizes studies investigating how exposure to stress or alterations in nutrition during the pre-conception, prenatal and early postnatal periods can affect the long-term health of an individual. In general, the data presented here suggest that that anything signalling ...
Han Jeong-Hwa JH Department of Food and Nutrition, Hannam University, 1646 Yuseong-daero, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-811, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to measure and/or estimate the total antioxidant capacity of the Korean diet. Eighty-one plant foods that were expected to exhibit rather high antioxidant activities were selected from the Korean diet using the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey (KNHANES V). These foods were ...
Capello Aimée E M AE Department of Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stress or negative mood often promotes energy intake and overeating. Since the serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) is found to mediate stress vulnerability as well as to influence energy intake, this gene may also influence the negative effects of stress exposure on overeating. Moreover, since stress proneness also reflects cognitive ...
Brandon E F A EF Centre for Substances and Integrated Risk Assessment, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment , Bilthoven , The Netherlands - - 2014
Abstract In the Netherlands, vitamin intake occurs mainly via food and for some vitamins also via fortified food. In addition, some people take dietary supplements. Information on the bioavailability of vitamins is important for a good estimation of the actual exposure to vitamins. Furthermore, for a reliable intake estimation, it ...
Jiang Yu - - 2014
Higher intakes of cruciferous vegetables or their constituents have been shown to lower inflammation in animal studies. However, evidence for this anti-inflammatory effect of cruciferous vegetable consumption in humans is scarce. In this cross-sectional analysis, we evaluated associations of vegetable intake with a panel of inflammatory and oxidative stress markers ...
Martín-Sánchez Ana María AM IPOA Research Group (Grupo 1-UMH, Grupo REVIV-Generalitat Valenciana), AgroFood Technology Department, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Orihuela, Miguel Hernández University, Ctra. Beniel, Km 3.2, Orihuela, Alicante E-03312, - - 2014
The date agro-industry needs to find appropriate techniques to give value to their co-products. This study analyzes twelve intermediate food products (IFPs) from date co-products, Medjool and Confitera cv. at several ripening stages, blanched and unblanched, for their content in bioactive compounds (phenols, tannins, flavonoids, carotenoids and anthocyanins) and the ...
Ortolani D D Department of Biosciences, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Santos, SP, - - 2014
Abstract The long-term effects of comfort food in an anxiogenic model of stress have yet to be analysed. Here, we evaluated behavioural, endocrine and metabolic parameters in rats submitted or not to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS), with access to commercial chow alone or to commercial chow and comfort food. ...
Muttappa K - - 2014
Acute toxicity of commercial grade organophosphate insecticide, quinalphos (25% emulsified concentration) to common carp (Cyprinus carpio) was tested through bioassay. The acute toxicity of quinalphos to the fingerlings exposed for 96 hr was found to be 2.75 ppm. For sub lethal toxicity study, the fish were exposed to two concentration ...
Wang Xiaonan X State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Ecological Effect and Risk Assessment of Chemicals, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China; College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, - - 2014
Triclosan (TCS) is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent used in personal care products, and as a result, is widespread in the environment. Toxicity tests of TCS on aquatic organisms have been reported, but limited toxicity data on terrestrial species are available. In this study, the 28-d chronic toxicity of TCS on ...
Beaulieu Michaël M Faculty of Biology, University of Freiburg, Department of Evolutionary Biology and Animal Ecology, Hauptstr. 1, 79104 Freiburg Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Consuming food rich in antioxidants may help organisms to increase their antioxidant defences and avoid oxidative damage. Under the hypothesis that organisms actively consume food for its antioxidant properties, they would need to do so in view of other physiological requirements, such as energy requirements. Here, we observed that Gouldian ...
Sun Hongnan H Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Nutrition Science, Institute of Agro-Products Processing Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Agro-Products Processing, Ministry of Agriculture, No. 2 Yuan Ming Yuan West Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100193, PR - - 2014
In this study, the nutritional compositions of leaves from 40 sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) cultivars were assessed. The correlations between antioxidant activity and crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, carbohydrate, and polyphenol contents were determined. The crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat, carbohydrate and ash contents ranged between 16.69-31.08, ...
Koehnlein Eloá Angélica EA Post Graduate Program in Food Science, State University of Maringá , Paraná , Brazil - - 2014
Abstract The present study aimed to estimate the total dietary antioxidant capacity (TDAC) taken in by the Brazilian population. For analysis, the 36 most consumed foods in Brazil were evaluated. The foods were prepared according to their usual form of consumption and submitted to in vitro digestion. The daily intake ...
Alfaleh Khalid M KM Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, College of Medicine and King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, PO Box 7805, Riyadh 11472, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel. +966 556031222. Fax. +966 (11) 4671709. E-mail: - - 2014
To evaluate vitamin D levels in Saudi newborns utilizing umbilical cord samples, and to benchmark the results with international figures. This cross-sectional study was carried out at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between November 2013 and March 2013. Vitamin D levels were assessed in the umbilical cord of ...
Zhang Xinchen - - 2014
Dietary polyphenols have been proposed to be promising functional food additives for their potent antioxidant capacity and other health-beneficial bioactivities. The current study prepared cookies fortified with five selected dietary polyphenols (naringenin, quercetin, epicatechin, chlorogenic and rosmarinic acid). Results indicated that the enhancement on the antioxidant capacity was not as ...
Vertuani Silvia S 1 Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Section of Medicinal and Health Products, University of Ferrara , Ferrara, Italy - - 2014
Abstract Chocolate antioxidant properties are often claimed; however, they are frequently different from the parent natural sources due to the industry or artisan transformation. In particular, antioxidant property of chocolate and cocoa are not adequately taken into consideration by consumers who normally make use of this food just for its ...
Qureshi Samera Azeem - - 2014
Fruit and vegetable intake has been found to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, certain types of cancer and diabetes mellitus. It is possible that antioxidants play a large part in this protective effect. However, which foods account for the variation in antioxidant intake in a population is not very ...
Sahoo Ranjan R International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology; Aruna Asaf Ali Marg; New Delhi, - - 2014
Protein of nuclear encoded SUV3 (suppressor of Var 3) gene is a DNA and RNA helicase, localized in mitochondria and is a subunit of the degradosome complex involved in regulation of RNA surveillance and turnover. To overcome the abiotic stress-induced loss of crop yield, a multi-stress tolerant trait is required. ...
Sanches-Silva Ana A a Department of Food and Nutrition , National Institute of Health Dr. Ricardo Jorge , Lisbon , - - 2014
The demand for natural antioxidant active packaging is increasing due to their unquestionable advantages compared with the addition of antioxidants directly to the food. Therefore, the search for antioxidants perceived as natural, namely those that naturally occur in herbs and spices, is a field that is attracting great interest. In ...
Basu Arpita A a Department of Nutritional Sciences , 301 Human Environmental Sciences, Oklahoma State University (OSU) , Stillwater , OK , 74078 , - - 2014
Emerging research provides substantial evidence to classify strawberries as a functional food with several preventive and therapeutic health benefits. Strawberries, a rich source of phytochemicals (ellagic acid, anthocyanins, quercetin, and catechin) and vitamins (ascorbic acid and folic acid), have been highly ranked among dietary sources of polyphenols and antioxidant capacity. ...
Benzie Iris F F IF Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are a multitude of antioxidants in foods, especially in foods of plant origin. Higher intake of antioxidant-rich foods is clearly associated with better health and functional longevity. The specific agents and mechanisms responsible are not yet clear, but there is convincing evidence that including more plant-based, antioxidant-rich foods, herbs, ...
Petrosino Teresa T a Research Center on Agriculture, CRA-NUT , 00178 , Rome , - - 2014
F2-isoprostanes are a biomarker of lipid peroxidation, and their measurement has emerged as a reliable approach to assess oxidative stress. However, dietary intervention studies in humans have provided contrasting results following supplementation with antioxidant-rich foods or supplements. In this paper, we have systematically reviewed the evidence about the effect of ...
Chakrabarti Subhadeep S 0000-0001-6758-0087 Department of Agricultural, Food & Nutritional Science, the Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Alberta, 4-10 Ag/For Centre, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G - - 2014
Chronic diseases such as atherosclerosis and cancer are now the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Inflammatory processes and oxidative stress underlie the pathogenesis of these pathological conditions. Bioactive peptides derived from food proteins have been evaluated for various beneficial effects, including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. In this review, ...
Bibiloni Maria Del Mar MD Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress. University of Balearic Islands, and CIBERobn (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition). Palma de Mallorca. Spain.. - - 2014
Aims: The aim of this study was to estimate the intake of antioxidant nutrients in wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients, a degenerative and progressive disorder of the macula, which is the central part of the retina, associated with central vision loss. Methods: A sample (n = 52, 78.9 ± ...
Maoka Takashi T Research Institute for Production Development, Shimogamo-Morimoto-cho 15, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-0805, Japan. - - 2014
Sea angels, Clione limacina and Paedoclione doliiformis, are small, floating sea slugs belonging to Gastropoda, and their gonads are a bright orange-red color. Sea angels feed exclusively on a small herbivorous sea snail, Limacina helicina. Carotenoids in C. limacina, P. doliiformis, and L. helicina were investigated for comparative biochemical points ...
Zhang Hua - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that selenium (Se) has a significant effect on mercury (Hg) toxicology; however, Hg exposure risk assessments usually consider only the amount of Hg present in the environment or in food. Based on the present understanding of mechanisms of interaction between Se and Hg, the physiology/toxicology of ...
Li Chunsheng C Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Nutrition, College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, - - 2013
Bioaccumulation via growing cells is a potential technique for heavy metal removal from food materials. The cadmium bioaccumulation characteristics by growing Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were investigated. Z. rouxii displayed powerful cadmium removal ability at low cadmium concentrations, which mainly depended on the intracellular cadmium bioaccumulation. The percentage of ...
Rainis Guido G Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Food Toxicology and Analytical Chemistry, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation , Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173 Hannover, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the oxidation products of p-cymene-2,3-diol, a major antioxidative constituent of thyme ( Thymus vulgaris L.). Although a dimeric form of p-cymene-2,3-diol and some derivative substances exhibiting valuable food technological and health-promoting properties have been reported in earlier publications, no obvious correlation has ...
Butnariu Monica M Chemistry and Vegetal Biochemistry, Banat's University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "Regele Mihai I al Romaine" from - - 2013
The paper examines the benefit of bread enriched with antioxidants on oxidative stress, and on the quantities of hydrosoluble antioxidants in a group of human subjects. The home-management of functional foods strategy seeks to improve prompt and effective basic nutrition using additional attributes that are directly positively beneficial for health ...
Dominici Luca L Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Via del Giochetto, 06122 Perugia, - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the antigenotoxic properties of the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus IMC501; DNA damage was induced by one representative food mutagen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6- phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). Mice were treated orally with suspensions of lactobacilli for 10 days before administration of food mutagen. During the treatment, the ...
Oprea Eliza E University of Bucharest, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry and Catalysis, Sos. Panduri 90-92, 050663 Bucharest, Romania. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) are a rich source of antioxidants and their consumption is believed to contribute to food-related protection against oxidative stress. In the present study, the chemoprotective action of blueberry extracts against cadmium toxicity was investigated using a cadmium-hypersensitive strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Four varieties of blueberries were ...
Bononi Monica - - 2013
Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was used to analyse ethylene oxide (EO) in 63 samples of dried vegetable materials for food use derived from import commodities and subjected to quality control for three food transformation industries. Ethylene oxide residues were quantified through the determination of ethylene chlorohydrin (ECH). About 29% of the ...
Cáceres Patricio J PJ Technical High School of the Litoral (ESPOL), Campus Gustavo Galindo Velasco, km 30, 5 Vía Perimetral, 09-01-5863 Guayaquil, Ecuador; Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (ICTAN-CSIC), Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, - - 2014
Germinated brown rice (GBR) is considered a healthy alternative to white rice in the fight against chronic diseases. As the functional quality of GBR depends on genotype and germination conditions, the objectives were to identify suitable Ecuadorian brown rice cultivars and optimal germination time and temperature to maximise γ-aminobutyric acid ...
Jeong Joo Yeon JY Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Institute of Health Sciences, Medical Research Center for Neural Dysfunction, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, - - 2013
Stress affects body weight and food intake, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. We evaluated the changes in body weight and food intake of ICR male mice subjected to daily 2 hours restraint stress for 15 days. Hypothalamic gene expression profiling was analyzed by cDNA microarray. Daily body ...
Li Chun-Ying CY College of Biology System Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang 310029, - - 2014
Anthocyanin is a powerful natural antioxidant. Purple corn husk is rich in anthocyanin. In this paper the antioxidative effect of anthocyanin-rich purple corn husk extract (PCHE) in mayonnaise during storage was studied. The antioxidative effect of the mayonnaise containing PCHE was evaluated by measuring peroxide values, p-anisidine values, total oxidation ...
Raspopow Kate - - 2013
Negative emotions trigger eating in some individuals (emotional eaters) possibly by influencing stress hormones that contribute to eating regulation (e.g., cortisol), or eating-related peptides (e.g., ghrelin) signalling food initiation. The present study assessed whether stressor-elicited cortisol and ghrelin changes would differ between emotional and non-emotional eaters, and whether eating would ...
Barden Leann - - 2013
ABSTRACT Overly high intake of saturated fat is an international problem contributing to global health issues. Low-moisture snacks account for a nutritionally significant proportion of the saturated fat in the diet, making these foods a key target for improving consumers' health. However, it is not currently feasible to maintain the ...
Wegmüller Rita - - 2013
The water-soluble zinc salts gluconate, sulfate, and acetate are commonly used as supplements in tablet or syrup form to prevent zinc deficiency and to treat diarrhea in children in combination with oral rehydration. Zinc citrate is an alternative compound with high zinc content, slightly soluble in water, which has better ...
Grace Mary H - - 2013
Wild Alaskan Vaccinium berries, V. vitis-idaea (lowbush cranberry) and V. uliginosum (bog blueberry), were investigated in parallel to their commercial berry counterparts; V. macrocarpon (cranberry) and V. angustifolium (lowbush blueberry). Lowbush cranberry accumulated about twice the total phenolics (624.4 mg/100 g FW) and proanthocyanidins (278.8 mg/100 g) content as commercial ...
Vlahović Milena - - 2013
Cadmium uptake takes place mainly through food. Lymantria dispar larvae were exposed to dietary cadmium in concentrations of 10 and 30μg Cd/g dry food (NOEC, no-observed-effect and LOEC, lowest-observed-effect concentration, respectively) for acute and chronic treatment and recovery. We established that metal contamination decreased mass only during the chronic treatment ...
González-Centeno María Reyes - - 2013
A detailed assessment of the total phenolic and total tannin contents, the monomeric and oligomeric flavan-3-ol composition, the proanthocyanidin profile and the antioxidant potential of the grape pomace byproducts (considered as a whole, both skins and seeds), derived from four white grape varieties (Vitis vinifera L.), was performed. Significant differences ...
Lin Yuheng Y College of Engineering, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, - - 2014
Antioxidants are biological molecules with the ability to protect vital metabolites from harmful oxidation. Due to this fascinating role, their beneficial effects on human health are of paramount importance. Traditional approaches using solvent-based extraction from food/non-food sources and chemical synthesis are often expensive, exhaustive, and detrimental to the environment. With ...
Lopez de Dicastillo Carol - - 2013
In this paper, natural plasticizers-modified polypropylenes intended for food active packaging were developed. Sunflower oil, olive oil and soy lecithin, without any known harmful effect or toxicity, were employed as natural plasticizers. Their incorporation during the extrusion of polypropylene was tried as a means to obtain polymers with improved diffusion ...
Wu Chia-Fang - - 2013
A major incident involving phthalates-contaminated foodstuffs occurred in Taiwan in May 2011, leading to the quick removal of tainted food items from store shelves. We investigated changes in urinary oxidative di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) metabolites, our proxy for exposure to DEHP-tainted foodstuffs in children ≤10 years, during the six months following withdrawal ...
Zhu Liancai - - 2013
To select rabbiteye blueberry leaves from appropriate harvest season to develop functional foods, this paper studied the bioactive secondary metabolites and the antioxidant capacity of rabbiteye blueberry leaves from May, September and November. Our results showed the leaves from May had the highest content of total flavonoids (114.21 mg/g), and ...
Rezaire A - - 2014
In French Guiana, "diversity" within the Palm family is obvious since more than 75 species have been identified. Oenocarpus bataua Mart., called "patawa" is well known for its culinary uses whereas literature on its phytochemical composition and biological properties remains poor. This work deals with determining the antioxidant activity of ...
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