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Results 301 - 350 of 990
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Epstein Leonard H LH Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214-3000, USA. - - 2012
The relative reinforcing value of food (RRV(food)) provides an index of the motivation to eat. Research has shown that RRV(food) is higher in obese individuals than their non-obese peers, is associated with greater energy intake, predicts weight gain and interacts with impulsivity to predict energy intake. This study was designed ...
Booth David A - - 2011
The five papers in this special section of Appetite seem to agree that augmentation of satiety at an unspecified delay by use of a medication or food product in an indeterminate context provides no assurance that the substance contributes to reduction of obesity. Rather, satiety that slims is a specific ...
Wellard Lyndal - - 2011
The impact of children's fast food meals on their daily nutritional requirements has not been assessed in Australia. Analysis of the nutritional composition of children's meals from six fast food chains was conducted. The energy, saturated fat, sugar and sodium content of all children's meals from the chains were assessed ...
Berthoud Hans-Rudolf - - 2011
Obesity is on the rise in all developed countries, and a large part of this epidemic has been attributed to excess caloric intake, induced by ever present food cues and the easy availability of energy dense foods in an environment of plenty. Clearly, there are strong homeostatic regulatory mechanisms keeping ...
Laparie M - - 2011
The relationship between nutritional requirements and the availability or quality of food is a prime parameter in determining the geographical expansion of invasive insects. At the sub-Antarctic Kerguelen Islands, the invasive ground beetle Merizodus soledadinus becomes the main invertebrate predator when it colonizes new habitats, leading to the local extinction ...
Gibson Jennifer C - - 2011
The adolescent female team sport athlete is faced with the challenge of meeting the nutrition requirements for growth and development as well as sport performance. There is a paucity of evidence describing the dietary adequacy of this population in respect to these physiological demands. Therefore, the aim of this study ...
Sato Masahiro - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have investigated the relationship between dietary nutrient intake and microalbuminuria, no study of an Asian population has been reported. The present study investigates the relationship between dietary intake and microalbuminuria in a general Japanese population. METHODS: We analyzed 675 men and 924 women who did not ...
Lu Chun-Ping - - 2011
Hydrogen peroxide is commonly used in the food processing industry as a chlorine-free bleaching and sterilizing agent, but excessive amounts of residual hydrogen peroxide has led to cases of food poisoning. Here we describe the development of a novel non-enzymatic colorimetric method for the determination of residual hydrogen peroxide in ...
Raman Lakshmi - - 2011
In this study the author examined why children and adults think they need to eat. Preschoolers through adults were provided with physiological, social, psychological, and routine causes for eating breakfast, lunch, snack, and dinner, and were asked to either agree or disagree with the causal responses provided. A 4 Reason ...
German Alexander J - - 2011
Dietary factors (e.g. feeding treats and table scraps) can predispose to obesity in dogs, but it is not known whether they also influence success of weight loss. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine which pre-weight-loss factors were associated with outcome of their weight management regimen in ...
Alexander Lucille G - - 2011
To understand the effects of neutering on food intake, body weight (BW) and body composition in kittens, data from an unrelated study were subjected to post hoc analysis. A total of twelve pairs of 11-week-old female littermates were randomly assigned to either a neutered group (neutered at 19 weeks old) ...
Widener Michael J - - 2011
Low-income, urban populations' limited access to healthy foods is often pointed to as a key barrier to improving nutrition. Although much has been written on identifying urban "food deserts," little has been done to examine how the food environment changes over the course of 1 year. This study was designed ...
Schaefer Sara E - - 2011
Dietary transition in the Arctic is associated with decreased quality of diet, which is of particular concern for women of childbearing age due to the potential impact of maternal nutrition status on the next generation. The study assessed dietary intake and adequacy among Inuit women of childbearing age living in ...
Hogenkamp Pleunie S - - 2011
We investigated whether repeated consumption of a low-energy-dense (LED; 208 kJ/100 g) or high-energy-dense (HED; 645 kJ/100 g) soup modifies expectations relating to the satiating capacity of the food, and its subsequent intake. In study 1, participants consumed either a novel-flavoured LED (n 32; 21 (sd 1·6) years, BMI 21·4 (sd 1·6) kg/m2) or HED soup ...
Mullie Patrick - - 2011
Objectives: the objective was to study determinants and nutritional implications associated with low-fat food consumption. Methods: a cross-sectional design was used, 5,000 military men were contacted and 1,852 participated. Using mailed questionnaires, the low-fat food consumption frequency was recorded and stratified in number of portions a day. The following low-fat ...
Atalayer Deniz - - 2012
Ad libitum feeding patterns in mice show substantial differences between laboratories, in addition to large individual and time-of-day differences. In the present study, we examine how mice work for food when access to food is temporally restricted and so they are forced to take discrete meals. In a first experiment, ...
Monsivais Pablo P Center for Public Health Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Washington, 305 Raitt Hall, Box 353410, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2012
Child-care providers have a key role to play in promoting child nutrition, but the higher cost of nutritious foods may pose a barrier. The present study tested the hypothesis that higher nutritional quality of foods served was associated with higher food expenditures in child care homes participating in the Child ...
Rask-Andersen Mathias - - 2012
Genome-wide association studies have shown a strong association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the near vicinity of the TMEM18 gene. The effects of the TMEM18-associated variants are more readily observed in children. TMEM18 encodes a 3TM protein, which locates to the nuclear membrane. The functional context of TMEM18 and the ...
Duffey K J - - 2012
Our objective was to describe the fluid and energy consumption of beverages in a large sample of European adolescents. We used data from 2741 European adolescents residing in 8 countries participating in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Cross-Sectional Study (HELENA-CSS). We averaged two 24-h recalls, collected ...
Hagan Scott - - 2011
Despite a global obesity epidemic suggesting that human physiology is unable to prevent unhealthy gains in body weight, ample evidence indicates that weight can be tightly regulated. Food intake regulation is complex and in this article we will present a basic endocrine feedback loop model of energy homeostasis. Next, integration ...
Diethelm Katharina - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Since inadequate food consumption patterns during adolescence are not only linked with the occurrence of obesity in youth but also with the subsequent risk of developing diseases in adulthood, the establishment and maintenance of a healthy diet early in life is of great public health importance. Therefore, the aim ...
Stollewerk Katharina - - 2011
NaCl is an important multifunctional ingredient applied in dry-cured ham elaboration. However, its excessive intake has been linked to serious cardiovascular diseases causing a recent increase in the development of reduced salt products. In the present study Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella, food-borne pathogens which can cross-contaminate post processed products, were ...
Pieroni L - - 2011
In this paper, we examine the role of relative food prices in determining the recent increase in body weight in Italy. Cross-price elasticities of unhealthy and healthy foods estimated by a demand system provide a consistent framework to evaluate substitution effects, when a close association is assumed between unhealthy (healthy) ...
Levitsky David A - - 2011
The increase in body weight in the USA over the past several decades is now commonly referred to as the 'obesity epidemic'. An empirical analysis of the literature suggests that the increased weight can be accounted for by an increase in food intake. The solution to the obesity epidemic, therefore, ...
Bucher T - - 2011
Experimental research in behavioural nutrition is often limited by practical applicability. In the present study, we assess the reproducibility and validity of a new experimental method using food replicas. A total of fifty-seven people were invited on two separate occasions with an interval of 2 weeks to serve themselves a ...
Wright Olivia R L - - 2011
Background  Poor satisfaction with institutional food is a significant moderator of food intake in geriatrics/rehabilitation and residential aged care. Purpose  To quantify the relationship between foodservice satisfaction, foodservice characteristics, demographic and contextual variables in geriatrics/rehabilitation and residential aged care. Methods  The Resident Foodservice Satisfaction Questionnaire was administered to 103 patients ...
Hardman Charlotte A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Palatability is regarded as a major determinant of children's energy intake. However, few studies have considered nonhedonic beliefs about foods. In adults, there is emerging evidence that expectations about the satiating properties of foods are an important determinant of meal size, and these beliefs are learned. OBJECTIVE: We measured ...
Flynn Mary At - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Ireland's food-based dietary guidelines and highlight priorities for revision. DESIGN: Evaluation with stakeholder input. Energy and nutrient intake goals most appropriate for Ireland were determined. Advice from Ireland's food guide was translated into 4 d food intake patterns representing age and gender groups from 5 to 51+ ...
Grote Veit - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Early introduction of solid food has been suspected to induce excessive infant energy intake and weight gain. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test whether introduction of solid foods influences energy intake or growth. DESIGN: Healthy, formula-fed infants who were recruited in 5 European countries were eligible ...
Flynn Mary At - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To revise the food-based dietary guidelines for Ireland and assess the affordability of healthy eating. DESIGN: An iterative process was used to develop 4 d food intake patterns (n 22) until average intakes met a range of nutrient and energy goals (at moderate and sedentary activity levels) that represented ...
Piernas Carmen C Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, - - 2011
Larger portion sizes of foods and beverages could affect overall energy intake at meals and promote overeating. We investigated trends in portion sizes of energy-dense foods and energy intakes at eating occasions in US children and adolescents. Four US nationally representative surveys from 1977 to 2006 were analyzed (n = ...
Connell Carol L - - 2012
To compare differences across food groups for food cost, energy, and nutrient profiles of 100 items from a cross-sectional survey of 225 stores in 18 counties across the Lower Mississippi Delta of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Energy, nutrient, and cost profiles for food items were calculated by using Naturally Nutrient ...
Cerasale David J - - 2011
The hormone leptin is involved in the regulation of energy balance in mammals, mainly by reducing food intake and body adiposity and increasing energy expenditure. During energetically demanding periods, leptin's action is often altered to facilitate fat deposition and maintain high rates of food intake. Despite the present controversy over ...
Prynne Celia J CJ MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Fulbourn Road, Cambridge CB1 9NL, UK. - - 2013
To compare food and nutrient intakes from midday meals provided by schools with those from packed lunches and to estimate the contribution from food eaten at midday to the total daily energy and nutrient intakes of teenagers. Dietary data were recorded in 4 d estimated diaries of which 2 d ...
Lin Biing-Hwan - - 2011
Taxing unhealthy foods has been proposed as a means to improve diet and health by reducing calorie intake and raising funds to combat obesity, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). A growing number of studies have examined the effects of such food taxes, but few have estimated the weight-loss effects. Typically, a ...
Keogh Jennifer - - 2011
The effect of bread consumption on overall food intake is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to measure postprandial food intake after a set breakfast containing three different breads. Ten males and 10 females aged 20.1-44.8 years, BMI 18.4-24.8kg/m(2), consumed two slices of White Bread, Bürgen(®) Wholemeal and ...
Gopalakrishnan Gayathri - - 2011
To achieve food and energy security, sustainable bioenergy has become an important goal for many countries. The use of marginal lands to produce energy crops is one strategy for achieving this goal, but what is marginal land? Current definitions generally focus on a single criterion, primarily agroeconomic profitability. Herein, we ...
Ayala-Berdon Jorge - - 2011
Abstract Nectar-feeding animals increase their food intake when nectar sugar concentration decreases. However, some species present physiological constraints that limit their energy intake when nectar is diluted. We hypothesized that gut capacities of bats affect the ability of these animals to acquire and store energy, modifying how they use food ...
Muhlhausler B S - - 2011
There is now clear evidence from population-based and experimental animal studies that maternal obesity and maternal overnutrition, particularly excessive intake of high-fat and high-sugar diets, is associated with an increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes in the offspring. Whilst the physiological reasons for this association are still not ...
Jeharsae Rohani - - 2011
This survey examined nutritional intake and the effects of armed conflict on energy-protein inadequacy amonng children aged one to less than five years. Fifty health centers were randomly selected. Three children were randomly selected from each 12-month old interval age groups in each health center. Four hundred seventy eight children ...
Fokidis H Bobby - - 2011
Abstract The acute stress response involves the secretion of catabolic glucocorticoids, such as corticosterone (CORT) in birds, that mobilize intrinsic energy stores primarily through a gluconeogenic pathway involving fat breakdown, thus linking body condition and stress. We measured changes in CORT and gluconeogenic metabolites (triglycerides, free glycerols, glucose) during handling ...
Dallmann R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Under physiological conditions, the melanocortin system is a crucial part of the complex network regulating food intake and energy expenditure. In pathological states, like cachexia, these two parameters are deregulated, i.e., food intake is decreased and energy expenditure is increased-a vicious combination leading to catabolism. Agouti-related protein (AgRP), the ...
Smith-Nonini Sandy - - 2011
This article reflects on the production of injury and death among Latino workers in the agro-industrial food complex, with attention to systemic relationships between the United States and Mexico in the post?North American Free Trade Agreement period, which has been characterized by waves of new labor migration that directly enhanced ...
Wu Peng - - 2011
The potential use of Brettanomyces anomalus PSY-001 as an additional starter culture for the production of Rice-steamed sponge cake (RSSC), a traditional fermented food in China, was investigated. Two productions of RSSC, each containing batches of experimental cakes with Brettanomyces added and reference cakes with the leavened liquid added were ...
Fernández Morales I - - 2011
Many young people today skip the first meal of the day in order to lose weight. To study the impact of breakfast quality and skipping breakfast on the BMI and on the prevalence of overweight and obesity. A nutritional study was carried out on a population of 467 secondary school ...
Carr Katelyn A KA Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14214-3000, - - 2011
Obesity is, in part, a result of positive energy balance or energy intake exceeding physiological needs. Excess energy intake is determined by a series of food choices over time. These choices involve both motivational and executive function processes. Problems arise when there is excessive motivation to eat and low impulse ...
Salvy Sarah-Jeanne - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Assess the effect of ostracism and social connection-related activities on adolescents' motivation to eat and their energy intake. METHODS: Participants (n = 103; M age = 13.6 years) were either ostracized or included when playing a computer game, Cyberball. Next, they wrote about their friend (social-connection), watched television (distraction), or completed Sudoku puzzles ...
Villalba Juan J - - 2011
This study determined whether early experiences by sheep to monotonous or diverse diets influence: (1) plasmatic profiles of cortisol, a hormone involved in stress responses by mammals, before and after an ACTH challenge, (2) the readiness to eat new foods in a new environment, (3) general fearfulness and response to ...
Batis Carolina - - 2011
Our aim was to examine the effects of food acculturation on Mexican Americans' (MA) diets, taking the Mexican diet as reference. We used nationally representative samples of children (2-11 y) and female adolescents and adults (12-49 y) from the Mexican National Nutrition Survey 1999 and NHANES 1999-2006 to compare the ...
Arendt Elke K - - 2011
Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated disease, triggered in genetically susceptible individuals by ingesting gluten from wheat, rye, barley, and other closely related cereal grains. Currently, the estimated prevalence of CD is around 1 % of the population in the western world and medical nutritional therapy (MNT) is the only ...
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