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Yamada Chihiro - - 2013
We investigated the effects of rikkunshito (RKT), a ghrelin signal enhancer, on the decrease in food intake after exposure to novelty stress in mice. RKT administration (500 mg/kg, per os) improved the decrease in 6 h cumulative food intake. In control mice, the plasma acylated ghrelin levels significantly increased by 24 h fasting. ...
Castillo Cristina C Department of Animal Pathology, Veterinary Faculty, University of Santiago de Compostela, Campus Universitario, 27002 Lugo, - - 2013
From a clinical point of view, oxidative stress (OS) is considered the primary cause of numerous metabolic processes in transition cow. Thus, the addition of antioxidants has been considered a palliative or preventive treatment. But beyond the clinical perspective, antioxidant supplementation provides an added value to the product obtained being ...
Merali Z Z Department of Psychology, University of Ottawa Ottawa, ON, Canada ; Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Ottawa Ottawa, ON, Canada ; University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research Ottawa, ON, - - 2013
The current obesity "epidemic" in the developed world is a major health concern; over half of adult Canadians are now classified as overweight or obese. Although the reasons for high obesity rates remain unknown, an important factor appears to be the role stressors play in overconsumption of food and weight ...
Darling Anne Marie AM Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA - - - 2013
Diet is a potentially modifiable risk factor for endometriosis. It has been hypothesized that vitamins C, E, and the B vitamins may influence factors involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis, such as oxidative stress and steroid hormone metabolism. In this large, prospective cohort study, we examined the relation between intake ...
Pounis G - - 2012
Background/Objectives:To categorize healthy food groups into categories of low-antioxidant (LAC) or high-antioxidant vitamins and phytochemicals content (HAC) and comparatively associate them with metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD).Subjects/Methods:A total of 6879 women (55±12 years) and 6892 men (56±12 years) were analyzed from the Moli-sani cohort, randomly recruited from the ...
Kamer Barbara - - 2012
Selenium and zinc are indispensable microelements for normal functioning and development of the human body. They are cofactors of many enzymes of the antioxidative barrier (selenium - glutathione peroxidase; zinc - superoxide dismutase). The aim of the study was to evaluate the importance of selenium and zinc in the pathogenesis ...
Zhao Wei - - 2012
Pulsed electric fields (PEF) processing is a promising non-thermal food preservation technology, which is ongoing from laboratory and pilot plant scale level to the industrial level. Currently, greater attention has been paid to side effects occurring during PEF treatment and the influences on food qualities and food components. The present ...
Hsieh Yih-Shou - - 2012
Hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) have been reported to participate in the regulation of appetite-suppressing effect of phenylpropanolamine (PPA), a sympathomimetic agent. This study explored whether Y1 receptor (Y1R) and/or Y5 receptor (Y5R) was involved in this regulation. Wistar rats were treated with PPA for 24 h. Changes ...
Lin Henry - - 2012
Low socioeconomic status (low SES), as defined by income or educational attainment, has been associated with obesity in industrialized nations. Low SES persons have limited resources and may experience food insecurity that increases food reinforcement. Food reinforcement has been positively related to energy intake and weight status, and increased food ...
Jadhav Pramodkumar D - - 2013
Methionine sulfone containing peptides CLs J (11) and K (12) may be produced from their reduced forms by oxidation but it is not known if these compounds occur in foods that contain flax. These compounds have been reported to possess greater immunosuppressive activity than their reduced methionine sulfoxide peptide forms ...
Upton K R - - 2012
This study investigated the effect of an acute stress on food intake and on the expression of neuropeptide Y (NPY), corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), and ghrelin and its receptors, growth hormone secretagogue receptors (GHSRs) in the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Food intake was significantly (P < 0.01) reduced in fish after a ...
Wang Yali - - 2013
The crude polysaccharides from tea leaves (TPS) looks like have good antioxidant activities. However, whether or not the antioxidant abilities of crude TPS depend on tea polyphenols in the crude TPS is not understand. Herein, TPS fractions were isolated from crude TPS and their antioxidant activities were compared. The crude ...
Tseng Angela - - 2013
Wine grape pomace (WGP) as a source of antioxidant dietary fibre (ADF) was fortified in yogurt (Y), Italian (I) and Thousand Island (T) salad dressings. During the 3weeks of storage at 4°C, viscosity and pH of WGP-Y increased and decreased, respectively, but syneresis and lactic acid percentage of WGP-Y and ...
McCarthy Aoife L - - 2012
Brewers' spent grain (BSG) is a low-value co-product of the brewing industry produced in large quantities annually. This paper reviews the existing evidence regarding the phenolic component of BSG, focusing on composition, extraction and biofunctions such as antioxidant, anti-atherogenic, anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic activities. Furthermore, the incorporation of BSG in foodstuffs ...
Sharpe Erica E Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Science, Potsdam, NY 13699-5810, - - 2013
With increased awareness of nutrition and the advocacy for healthier food choices, there exists a great demand for a simple, easy-to-use test that can reliably measure the antioxidant capacity of dietary products. We report development and characterization of a portable nanoparticle based-assay, similar to a small sensor patch, for rapid ...
Seo Ju-Hee - - 2013
The prevalence of allergic diseases has risen over the last few decades. Many factors, including environmental factors such as those related to diet, have been considered. Among dietary factors, intake of antioxidant-related nutrients has been associated with the risk of allergic disease. We investigated the association of antioxidant nutritional status ...
Vetrani C - - 2012
Oxidative stress (OS) - defined as the imbalance between free radical production and antioxidant defences - is a condition associated with chronic-degenerative disease, such as cancer, metabolic and disease cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Several studies have shown that diet and some of its components could influence the intensity of OS damage. ...
Duval Camille - - 2012
A relationship has been suggested between eggshell colour and female body condition based on the opposing antioxidant properties of the two main eggshell pigments: the antioxidant biliverdin (blue-green) and the pro-oxidant protoporphyrin (brown). We hypothesised that experimentally food-restricted females with low antioxidant capacity would deposit more protoporphyrin and less biliverdin ...
Meral Raciye - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of grape seed (GS) on the rheological and bread-making properties, antioxidant activity and phenolic composition of bread. Wheat flour was replaced with GS at levels of 2.5%, 5.0% and 7.5%. GS increased the dough development time at a level of ...
West Christina E - - 2012
Antioxidant intakes in pregnancy may influence fetal immune programming and the risk of allergic disease. We investigated associations between maternal intakes of β-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin E, copper and zinc, and infant allergic outcomes. Antioxidant intakes of pregnant women (n = 420) assessed prospectively by a food frequency questionnaire, were ...
El Arem Amira - - 2012
Four cultivars (Gondi, Gasbi, Khalt Dhahbi and Rtob Ahmar) of Tunisian date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruits at 3 maturation stages, besser, rutab and tamr, were analyzed for their antioxidant activities (AA) using 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals cation, and reducing power (RP) methods. The total phenolic ...
Golobič Miha - - 2012
The fate of nanoparticles in organisms is of significant interest. In the current work, we used a test system with terrestrial isopods (Porcelio scaber) fed with food spiked with Cu NPs or soluble Cu salt for 14 days. Two different doses were used for spiking to yield final concentrations of ...
Bian Jing - - 2012
Xylooligosaccharides (XOS) were prepared from xylan-rich hemicelluloses isolated by potassium hydroxide from sugarcane bagasse by hydrolysis with crude xylanase secreted by Pichia stipitis. Hydrolysis for 12h produced XOS with a maximum yield of 31.8%, equivalent to 5.29mgmL(-1) in the hydrolyzate. XOS with degrees of polymerization (DP) from 2 to 4 ...
Leccese Annamaria - - 2012
Apricot fruit (Prunus armeniaca L.) quality strictly relates to the eating quality of fresh produce. Since consumers are more and more interested in healthy food, and apricot germplasm shows a wide choice of new selections and cultivars, apricot nutraceutical properties are under evaluation in order to select outstanding genotypes, which ...
Slattery K M - - 2012
Athletes should match their energy intake with expenditure in order to maintain lean body mass. It is also important to consume adequate amounts of antioxidant vitamins and minerals to maintain health. To assess the dietary habits of six nationally ranked Australian swimmers physical training load and dietary intake (24 h ...
Rosenlund H - - 2012
Antioxidant intake may reduce the risk of allergic disease by protecting against oxidative tissue damage. Major sources of antioxidants in the Western world are fruits, vegetables (vitamin C, β-carotene, α-tocopherol), meat and milk (selenium, magnesium, zinc). Children may exclude or eat less of some fruits and vegetables due to cross-reactivity ...
van Strien Tatjana - - 2012
Animal studies suggest a relationship between blunted HPA-axis stress reactivity and increased stress-induced food intake in chronically stressed animals. Such a relationship can potentially explain the underlying mechanisms of emotional eating in humans. However, no studies have experimentally tested the relationship between stress-induced cortisol responses and acute food intake in ...
Fung Adah - - 2013
This study investigated the fucoxanthin content of New Zealand (NZ) Undaria pinnatifida harvested from two locations in the Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand across its growing season. Fucoxanthin content and antioxidant properties of processed New Zealand U. pinnatifida and commercial wakame from Japan and Korea were further compared. Results showed that ...
Zhu Changfu C Departament de Producció Vegetal i Ciència Forestal, Universitat de Lleida-Agrotecnio Center, Lleida, - - 2013
Antioxidants are protective molecules that neutralize reactive oxygen species and prevent oxidative damage to cellular components such as membranes, proteins and nucleic acids, therefore reducing the rate of cell death and hence the effects of ageing and ageing-related diseases. The fortification of food with antioxidants represents an overlap between two ...
McIntyre Lynn - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity, lack of access to food due to financial constraints, is highly associated with poor health outcomes. Households dependent on social assistance are at increased risk of experiencing food insecurity, but food insecurity has also been reported in households reporting their main source of income from employment/wages (working ...
Papastergiadis Antonios - - 2012
The ability of the spectrophotometric thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) test to determine malondialdehyde (MDA) in various food matrices was evaluated. MDA was extracted from the foods, the extract reacted with thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and the formed TBA-MDA adduct was measured spectrophotometricaly at 352nm. In parallel, the TBA-MDA adduct was ...
Liu Jerry - - 2012
There are only a few natural foods that contain nutritionally significant quantities of vitamin D. These include egg yolk, some fatty fish, and in much lower concentrations, meat. The published values of the vitamin D content of food are summarised here and their contribution to dietary vitamin D intake is ...
Lozinsky Oleksandr V - - 2012
The toxicity of the nitric oxide donor S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) was tested on the Drosophila melanogaster model system. Fly larvae were raised on food supplemented with GSNO at concentrations of 1.0, 1.5 or 4.0mM. Food supplementation with GSNO caused a developmental delay in the flies. Biochemical analyses of oxidative stress markers ...
Guan Xinfu - - 2012
Glucagon-like peptides (GLP-1/2) are cosecreted from endocrine L cells in the gut and preproglucagonergic neurons in the brain. Peripheral GLP-2 action is essential for maintaining intestinal homeostasis, improving absorption efficiency and blood flow, promoting immune defense, and producing efficacy in treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. However, it is unknown if CNS ...
Relkovic Dinko - - 2012
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is caused by lack of paternally derived gene expression from the imprinted gene cluster on human chromosome 15q11-q13. PWS is characterized by severe hypotonia, a failure to thrive in infancy and, on emerging from infancy, evidence of learning disabilities and overeating behavior due to an abnormal satiety ...
Kawakami Shinpei - - 2012
Food intake stimuli, including taste, somatosensory, and tactile stimuli, are received by receptors in the oral cavity, and this information is then transferred to the cerebral cortex. Signals from recently ingested food during the weaning period can affect synaptic transmission, resulting in biochemical changes in the cerebral cortex that modify ...
Wu Wenda W College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, PR - - 2012
While induction of food refusal by the trichothecene mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) has been described in several animal models, much less is known about the anorectic effects of structurally related 8-ketotrichothecenes, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON), fusarenon X (FX) and nivalenol (NIV). Here, we compared the capacities of these congeners to induce ...
Azuma Kazuo - - 2012
We examined effects of N-acetyl-D: -glucosamine (GlcNAc) on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) mouse models and effects of GlcNAc and glucosamine hydrochloride (GlcN) on several serum cytokine productions in RA mouse models. SKG/jcl mice were divided into control, GlcNAc, and GlcN groups. For 56 days, the control group received normal food, the GlcNAc ...
Maherani Behnoush - - 2012
Natural dipeptide antioxidants (l-carnosine) are recieving increasing attention because of their noticeable potential as biopreservatives in food recent technology. Encapsulation of antioxidants by nanoliposomes could represent an ameliorative approach to overcome the problems related to the direct application of these antioxidant peptides in food. In this study, nanoliposomes prepared from ...
Scott Karen A - - 2012
The prevalence of overweight and obesity has markedly increased during the past few decades. Stress has been suggested as one environmental factor that may contribute to the development of obesity. In this review, we discuss the role that exposure to chronic stress may play in the development of obesity, with ...
Kim Hyo Yeol - - 2012
Despite the importance of olfactory function, no effective medications have been identified to treat olfactory disorders. This study was performed to evaluate the functional recovery of olfaction damaged by 3-methylindole (3MI) in a mouse model with hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins). In a randomized placebo-controlled trial, 24 healthy female BALB/c ...
Shell William E - - 2012
To study the safety and efficacy of a new medical food (Theramine) in the treatment of low back pain, we performed a 28-day double-blind randomized controlled trial in 129 patients. Back pain was present for at least 6 weeks and was not mild. Patients were randomly assigned to receive medical ...
Lindeberg S - - 2012
Increasing evidence suggests that optimal food choice is critical for sizable prevention of western diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. The Mediterranean diet is an important step in this direction. Moreover, substantially lower rates of Western disease, even compared to Mediterranean countries, have been observed among hunter-gatherers and other ...
Gao G - - 2012
Aims:  To functionally express the recombinant mouse insulin-like growth factor-I (rtmIGF-I) in Lactococcus lactis NZ9000 with a food-grade vector. Methods and Results:  The rtmIGF-I encoding sequence was inserted into secreted food-grade vector pLEB688 and transformed into Lc. lactis NZ9000. The expression of the recombinant protein rtmIGF-I was confirmed by tricine-SDS-PAGE ...
Black Katherine E - - 2012
Endurance events >10 hr are becoming increasingly popular but provide numerous physiological challenges, several of which can be attenuated with optimal nutritional intakes. Previous studies in ultraendurance races have reported large energy deficits during events. The authors therefore aimed to assess nutritional intakes in relation to performance among ultraendurance cyclists. ...
Shin Andrew C - - 2012
To determine the role of the common hepatic branch of the abdominal vagus on the beneficial effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on weight loss, food intake, food choice, and energy expenditure in a rat model. Although changes in gut hormone patterns are the leading candidates in RYGB's effects on ...
Yeo Giles S H GS Metabolic Research Labs, Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2012
It is an inescapable fact that obesity results from consuming more energy than you burn. The interesting question, however, is why some people eat more than others? Recent genetic analyses have revealed that variations in the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene are robustly associated with obesity and increased food ...
Schebendach Janet E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare self-reported and measured energy intake in weight-restored patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), weight-stable obese individuals (OB), and normal weight controls (NC). METHOD: Forty participants (18 AN, 10 OB, and 12 NC) in a laboratory meal study simultaneously completed a prospective food record. RESULTS: AN patients significantly (p ...
Blatt Alexandria D AD Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
Pre-portioned entrées are commonly consumed to help control portion size and limit energy intake. The influence of entrée characteristics on energy intake, however, has not been well studied. We determined how the effects of energy content and energy density (ED, kcal/g) of pre-portioned entrées combine to influence daily energy intake. ...
Palais F - - 2012
A 12-month active biomonitoring study was performed in 2008-2009 on the Vesle river basin (Champagne-Ardenne, France) using the freshwater mussel Dreissena polymorpha as a sentinel species; allochthonous mussels originating from a reference site (Commercy) were exposed at four sites (Bouy, Sept-Saulx, Fismes, Ardre) within the Vesle river basin. Selected core ...
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