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Barba Francisco José - - 2014
Response surface methodology was used to evaluate the optimal high pressure processing treatment (300-500MPa, 5-15min) combined with Stevia rebaudiana (Stevia) addition (0-2.5% (w/v)) to guarantee food safety while maintaining maximum retention of nutritional properties. A fruit extract matrix was selected and Listeria monocytogenes inactivation was followed from the food safety ...
Bentayeb Karim - - 2014
The ORAC assay is applied to measure the antioxidant capacity of foods or dietary supplements. Sometimes, the manufacturers claim antioxidant capacities that may not correspond to the constituents of the product. These statements are sheltered by the general understanding that antioxidants might exhibit synergistic properties, but this is not necessarily ...
Crowe Kristi M - - 2013
Ecosystem effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) remain under investigation following the Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Fundulus grandis, an established indicator of aquatic ecosystem health, was investigated since this species shares genes and biochemical pathways with higher trophic level fish and plays an important role in the ...
Khoo Weslie Yu Heng - - 2013
The analysis of food components is of high importance due to food safety and security. Here the electrochemical detection of caffeine was performed on different chemically modified graphene (CMG) surfaces carrying diverse amount of defects and oxygen functionalities. The analytical performances of graphite oxide (GPO), graphene oxide (GO), and electrochemically ...
Siler Branislav - - 2014
Methanol extracts of aerial parts and roots of five centaury species (Centaurium erythraea, C. tenuiflorum, C. littorale ssp. uliginosum, C. pulchellum, and Schenkia spicata) were analysed for their main secondary metabolites: secoiridoid glycosides, a group of monoterpenoid compounds, and phenolics (xanthones and flavonoids), and further investigated for antioxidant capacity and ...
Celik Ecem Evrim - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the regeneration potential of antioxidant capacity of insoluble food matrix. Investigations were performed in vitro with several food matrices rich in dietary fiber (DF) and bound antioxidants. After removing soluble fraction, antioxidant capacity (AC) of insoluble fraction was measured by the QUENCHER procedure using ABTS•+ ...
Lozinsky Oleksandr V - - 2013
The toxicity of potassium ferrocyanide (PFC) and protective effects of 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) under PFC treatment were tested on the Drosophila melanogaster model system. Fly larvae were raised on food supplemented with PFC at concentrations of 1.0 mM and mixtures with DNP in concentrations of 0.50 and 1.25 mM, either alone ...
Lozinsky Oleksandr V - - 2013
The toxicity of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) (an inducer of oxidative/nitrosative stress) and the attenuation of SNP effects by 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) (that induces mild uncoupling of respiration) were evaluated in the Drosophila melanogaster model system. Fly larvae were raised on food supplemented with 1.0mM SNP, 0.5 or 1.25mM DNP, or with ...
Bernaert Nathalie - - 2013
Evaluating the effect of domestic cooking on the health benefits of vegetables has great practical importance. But only a limited number of reports provide information on the effect of these treatments on the antioxidant capacity, polyphenol and S-alk(en)yl-L-cysteine sulfoxide (ACSO, e.g. isoalliin and methiin) content of the white shaft and ...
Agostoni Carlo - - 2013
Abstract Recent findings suggest that an early exposure to dietary antigens may be more protective towards allergy than a later introduction even in high-risk infants. The consequent earlier introduction of food items such as egg yolk and oily fish, together with breastfeeding continuation through the first year, could contribute to ...
Yau Y H C YH Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA - - - 2013
Obesity is a heterogeneous construct that, despite multiple and diverse attempts, has been difficult to treat. One conceptualization gaining media and research attention in recent years is that foods, particularly hyperpalatable (e.g., high-fat, high sugar) ones, may possess addictive qualities. Stress is an important factor in the development of addiction ...
Maute Kimberly L - - 2013
Seasonal changes in avian hormonal stress responses and condition are well known for common species found at temperate and arctic latitudes, but declining and tropical species are poorly studied. This study compares stress and condition measures of co-occurring declining and non-declining tropical grass finch species in Australia. We monitored declining ...
Wijesundera Chakra - - 2013
International dietary guidelines advocate replacement of saturated and trans fat in food with unsaturated oils. Also, there is growing interest in incorporating highly unsaturated omega-3 oils in to food products due to beneficial health effects. A major obstacle to incorporating highly unsaturated oils in to food products is the extreme ...
Tryon Matthew S - - 2013
Exaggerated reactivity to food cues involving calorically-dense foods may significantly contribute to food consumption beyond caloric need. Chronic stress, which can induce palatable "comfort" food consumption, may trigger or reinforce neural pathways leading to stronger reactions to highly rewarding foods. We implemented functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to assess whether ...
Castro López María Del Mar - - 2013
Two types of active antioxidant food packages with improved release properties, based on polypropylene as one of the most common polymers used in food packaging applications, were developed. Incorporation of catechin and green tea as antioxidant provided PP with 6 times higher stabilization against thermal oxidation. Release of natural antioxidants ...
Elbassuoni Eman A - - 2013
Ghrelin is a peptidergic hormone known to be one of the main hormones involved in the regulation of energy balance. Here we evaluated ghrelin response to stress in rats after ovariectomy and during estradiol benzoate (EB) therapy and compared results of males and females, to know whether ghrelin is involved ...
Skowyra Monika - - 2013
The successful replacement of some synthetic food antioxidants by safe natural antioxidants has fostered intensive search for new vegetable sources of antioxidants. In our study the phenol and flavonoid content of extracts of tara pods was determined. The antioxidant activity was also studied by three different analytical assays: the measurement ...
Aguilera Yolanda - - 2013
The present study describes the effects of germination on nonnutritional factors and antioxidant activity in the non-conventional legumes Vigna unguiculata (cowpea), Canavalia ensiformis (jack bean), Lablab purpureus (dolichos) and Stizolobium niveum (mucuna). Protease inhibitors and lectins were detected in raw legumes, and were significantly decreased during the germination. Regarding total ...
Zimmer Cédric - - 2013
Prolonged exposure to stress during development can have long-term detrimental effects on health and wellbeing. However, the environmental matching hypothesis proposes that developmental stress programs physiology and behaviour in an adaptive way that can enhance fitness if early environments match those experienced later in life. Most research has focused on ...
Emami Sayed Ahmad SA Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR - - 2013
Use of antioxidants is a means of reducing rancidity of fats and oils in food stuffs. The commercial synthetic antioxidants in food industry have been suspected to cause negative health effects. Therefore as alternatives, there is a strong need in finding new effective and safe antioxidants from natural sources to ...
Ali Asgar - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare the physico-chemical characteristics and antioxidant activity of ozone-treated papaya fruit and untreated fruit. Freshly harvested papaya fruit were exposed continuously to ozone fumigation (0, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 5ppm) for 96h prior to ambient storage at 25±3°C and 70±5% relative humidity (RH) ...
Obiang-Obounou Brice Wilfried - - 2013
This study focuses on the effect of extrusion processing on tannin reduction, phenolic content, flavonoid content, antioxidant and anitimicrobial activity. Extrusion temperature (120 and 140°C) and feed moisture (25% and 28%) were used on the tannin content, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. Extrusion cooking reduced tannin content up to 78%, and ...
Miller Natalie B NB Department of Pediatrics, Division of Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonary Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Trimethylaminuria (TMAU) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by excessive excretion into body fluids and breath of unoxidized trimethylamine (TMA) derived from the enterobacterial metabolism of dietary precursors. The condition is caused by deficiency of flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) which leads to impairment of hepatic TMA oxidation to the odorless ...
Lodge E - - 2013
A female mammal's reproductive function and output are limited by the energy she is able to extract from her environment. Previous studies of the interrelationships between energetic circumstances and reproductive function in a variety of mammal species have produced varied results, which do not all support the common assumption that ...
Freire Simone Cardoso - - 2013
Obese people tend to have low zinc circulation levels; this is not always related to zinc intake but can reflect the distribution of zinc in relation to the proportion of body fat and factors related to the inflammatory processes that cause obesity. The purpose of this study was to assess ...
Swieca MichaƂ - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Use of sprouts as bioreactors for obtaining the low-processed food with modified composition and biological activity was studied. Special emphasis was placed on the nutritional quality. Sprouts metabolism was elicited with 20 mmol L(-1) and 200 mmol L(-1) H2 O2 . The polyphenolics content and antioxidative abilities at different ...
Teufel Martin - - 2013
Biofeedback application is an evidence-based technique to induce relaxation. A primary mechanism of action is the improvement of self-efficacy, which is needed to facilitate the translation of health behavioral intentions into action. Obesity is often associated with low self-efficacy and dysfunctional eating patterns, including comfort eating as an inexpedient relaxation ...
Asemi Zatollah - - 2013
We are aware of no study indicating the effects of synbiotic food consumption on metabolic profiles, inflammation and oxidative stress among diabetic patients. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of synbiotic food consumption on metabolic profiles, hs-CRP and biomarkers of oxidative stress in diabetic patients. ...
Yang Zhenyu - - 2013
Vitamin D is vital for bone health and has important roles in nonskeletal health and organ function. Most vitamin D is generated in the body by exposure to sunlight, with limited amounts added by the diet. Despite the presence of regular sunshine in Southeast Asia, vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency ...
Ngo Dai-Hung - - 2013
Bioactive peptides derived from marine organisms are the focus of current studies because of their numerous health beneficial effects. They exert various biological roles, one of the most crucial of which is the antioxidant effect. Reverse relationship between antioxidant intake and diseases has been approved through plenty of studies. Antioxidant ...
Di Nunzio Mattia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pomegranate (Punica granatum) has gained widespread popularity as potential functional food due to its high phenolics content. Although in different studies pomegranate juice (PJ) has been shown to exert antiatherogenic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects, the cultivar-related differences in phenolics content and antioxidant activity must be carefully taken into accounts ...
Johanna Gostner - - 2013
Immune system activation and inflammation are deeply involved in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases including infections, autoimmunity and malignancy as well as allergy and asthma. The incidence of allergy and asthma has significantly increased during the past decades. Still the background of this phenomenon is not well understood. ...
Neacsu M - - 2013
Whole-grain diets are linked to reduced risk of several chronic diseases (heart disease, cancer, diabetes, metabolic syndrome) and all-cause mortality. There is increasing evidence that these benefits are associated with the gut microbiota and that release of fibre-related phenolic metabolites in the gut is a contributing factor. Additional sources of ...
Laugero Kevin D - - 2013
Available online (Note: this date will be generated and inserted by the publishing platform and is not part of the typesetter's XML and will not appear in the PDF version) This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this ...
Moncada Guillermo Wells - - 2013
Quinoa is a pseudocereal that is grown mainly in the Andes. It is a functional food supplement and ingredient in the preparation of highly nutritious food. In this paper we evaluate the potential of near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) for the determination of vitamin E and antioxidant capacity in the quinoa ...
Arranz Sara - - 2013
Cocoa is an important source of polyphenols, which comprise 12-18% of its total dry weight. The major phenolic compounds in cocoa and cocoa products are mainly flavonoids such as epicatechin, catechin, and proanthocyanidins. These products contain higher amounts of flavonoids than other polyphenol-rich foods. However, the bioavailability of these compounds ...
Hariri Mitra - - 2013
Stroke is a leading cause of death. Current therapeutic strategies have been unsuccessful. Several studies have reported benefits on reducing stroke risk and improving the poststroke associated functional declines in patients who ate foods rich in fruits and vegetables. Their potential protective effects may be due to their antioxidants, calcium, ...
Kent M Potvin - - 2013
Food and beverage marketing has been associated with childhood obesity yet little research has examined the influence of advertising policy on children's exposure to food/beverage marketing on the Internet. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of Quebec's Consumer Protection Act and the self-regulatory Canadian Children's Food ...
Lopez de Dicastillo Carol - - 2013
In this paper investigations were carried out on catechin loaded maleic anhydride (MAH) modified polypropylenes (PP). Two MA modified polypropylenes (PPMAH) with different MA concentrations have been blended with PP and catechin to obtain composites of improved catechin retention with the aim of studying the possible interactions between these grafted ...
Sinha Rajita - - 2013
Stress is associated with obesity, and the neurobiology of stress overlaps significantly with that of appetite and energy regulation. This review will discuss stress, allostasis, the neurobiology of stress and its overlap with neural regulation of appetite, and energy homeostasis. Stress is a key risk factor in the development of ...
Yuan Yuan - - 2013
Furan, a widely used industrial compound, has been found in many heat-treated foods, especially baby food. The presence of furan in food raises concerns about public health. In this study, we evaluated the protective effect of salidroside (SR) against furan-induced hepatocyte damage in mice livers. The in vitro antioxidant effects ...
Mangge Harald - - 2013
The obesity prevalence is growing worldwide and largely responsible for the increased incidence of cardiovascular disease, the most common cause of death in the western world. Excessive food intake along with insufficient physical exercise is the basic impetus for this development. The obese state is commonly associated with an increase ...
Tryon M S - - 2013
Stress has been tied to changes in eating behavior and food choice. Previous studies in rodents have shown that chronic stress increases palatable food intake which, in turn, increases mesenteric fat and inhibits acute stress-induced hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity. The effect of chronic stress on eating behavior in humans is ...
Lettieri-Barbato Daniele - - 2013
Non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity (NEAC) represents a sensitive biomarker measuring the in vivo antioxidant potential of vegetable foods. To evaluate the effectiveness of plant-derived foods and beverages on the plasma non-enzymatic antioxidant system, we analysed all literature published upto May 2010. Data were extracted by two authors independently, and the effect ...
Hurst Rachel - - 2013
Selenium (Se) is an essential human micronutrient with critical roles in immune functioning and antioxidant defence. Estimates of dietary Se intakes and status are scarce for Africa although crop surveys indicate deficiency is probably widespread in Malawi. Here we show that Se deficiency is likely endemic in Malawi based on ...
Li Fan - - 2013
Functional foods have become an increasingly popular alternative to prevent diseases and maintain body health status. Gui-ling-gao (GLG, also known as turtle jelly) is a well-known traditional functional food popular in Southern China and Hong Kong. This study aimed to investigate the antioxidative and anti-apoptotic effects of GLG, a traditional ...
Yadav Geetanjali - - 2013
The present work investigates the probable bioprocessing technique to mobilize the bound phenolics naturally found in finger millet cell wall for enriching it with dietary antioxidants. Comparative study was performed between the exogenous enzymatic treatment and solid-state fermentation of grain (SSF) with a food grade organism Rhizopus oryzae. SSF results ...
Micioni Di Bonaventura Maria Vittoria - - 2013
RATIONALE: Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) is a functional antagonist of corticotrophin-releasing factor, the main mediator of the stress response. Stress represents a key determinant of binge eating (BE) for highly palatable food (HPF). OBJECTIVES: In relation to the antistress properties of N/OFQ, we evaluated its effect on BE. After the observation ...
Roohafza Hamidreza - - 2013
Stress has been considered as a highly common disorder that has a complicated relation with dietary intake and has been linked with both increased and decreased dietary intake. This study was conducted to assess the association between food consumption and stress levels in an Iranian adult population. In this cross-sectional ...
Lenglos Christophe - - 2013
This study investigated sex-specific effects of repeated stress and food restriction on food intake, body weight, corticosterone plasma levels and expression of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in the hypothalamus and relaxin-3 in the nucleus incertus (NI). CRF and relaxin-3 expression is affected by stress, and these neuropeptides produce opposite effects on ...
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