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Hejazi Ehsan E Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Tehran, - - 2014
Objective. The aim of the present study was to compare the serum levels of total antioxidant status (TAS) and 25(OH) D3 and dietary intake of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with those of normal subjects. Method. Thirty-seven MS patients (31 women) and the same number of healthy matched controls were compared ...
Sominsky Luba L School of Health Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University Melbourne, VIC, - - 2014
Stress causes or contributes to a huge variety of diseases and disorders. Recent evidence suggests obesity and other eating-related disorders may be among these. Immediately after a stressful event is experienced, there is a corticotropin-releasing-hormone (CRH)-mediated suppression of food intake. This diverts the body's resources away from the less pressing ...
Shimamura Tomoko T Faculty of Agriculture, Kochi - - 2014
An inter-laboratory evaluation study was conducted in order to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of food additives by using a 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. Four antioxidants used as existing food additives (i.e., tea extract, grape seed extract, enju extract, and d-α-tocopherol) and 6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid (Trolox) were used as analytical samples, and 14 ...
Zhang Hua - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that selenium (Se) has a significant effect on mercury (Hg) toxicology; however, Hg exposure risk assessments usually consider only the amount of Hg present in the environment or in food. Based on the present understanding of mechanisms of interaction between Se and Hg, the physiology/toxicology of ...
Li Chunsheng C Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Nutrition, College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, - - 2013
Bioaccumulation via growing cells is a potential technique for heavy metal removal from food materials. The cadmium bioaccumulation characteristics by growing Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were investigated. Z. rouxii displayed powerful cadmium removal ability at low cadmium concentrations, which mainly depended on the intracellular cadmium bioaccumulation. The percentage of ...
Rainis Guido G Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Food Toxicology and Analytical Chemistry, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation , Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173 Hannover, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the oxidation products of p-cymene-2,3-diol, a major antioxidative constituent of thyme ( Thymus vulgaris L.). Although a dimeric form of p-cymene-2,3-diol and some derivative substances exhibiting valuable food technological and health-promoting properties have been reported in earlier publications, no obvious correlation has ...
Butnariu Monica M Chemistry and Vegetal Biochemistry, Banat's University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "Regele Mihai I al Romaine" from - - 2013
The paper examines the benefit of bread enriched with antioxidants on oxidative stress, and on the quantities of hydrosoluble antioxidants in a group of human subjects. The home-management of functional foods strategy seeks to improve prompt and effective basic nutrition using additional attributes that are directly positively beneficial for health ...
Dominici Luca L Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Via del Giochetto, 06122 Perugia, - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the antigenotoxic properties of the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus IMC501; DNA damage was induced by one representative food mutagen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6- phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). Mice were treated orally with suspensions of lactobacilli for 10 days before administration of food mutagen. During the treatment, the ...
Oprea Eliza E University of Bucharest, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry and Catalysis, Sos. Panduri 90-92, 050663 Bucharest, Romania. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) are a rich source of antioxidants and their consumption is believed to contribute to food-related protection against oxidative stress. In the present study, the chemoprotective action of blueberry extracts against cadmium toxicity was investigated using a cadmium-hypersensitive strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Four varieties of blueberries were ...
Bononi Monica - - 2013
Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was used to analyse ethylene oxide (EO) in 63 samples of dried vegetable materials for food use derived from import commodities and subjected to quality control for three food transformation industries. Ethylene oxide residues were quantified through the determination of ethylene chlorohydrin (ECH). About 29% of the ...
Cáceres Patricio J PJ Technical High School of the Litoral (ESPOL), Campus Gustavo Galindo Velasco, km 30, 5 Vía Perimetral, 09-01-5863 Guayaquil, Ecuador; Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (ICTAN-CSIC), Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, - - 2014
Germinated brown rice (GBR) is considered a healthy alternative to white rice in the fight against chronic diseases. As the functional quality of GBR depends on genotype and germination conditions, the objectives were to identify suitable Ecuadorian brown rice cultivars and optimal germination time and temperature to maximise γ-aminobutyric acid ...
Jeong Joo Yeon JY Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Institute of Health Sciences, Medical Research Center for Neural Dysfunction, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, - - 2013
Stress affects body weight and food intake, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. We evaluated the changes in body weight and food intake of ICR male mice subjected to daily 2 hours restraint stress for 15 days. Hypothalamic gene expression profiling was analyzed by cDNA microarray. Daily body ...
Li Chun-Ying CY College of Biology System Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang 310029, - - 2014
Anthocyanin is a powerful natural antioxidant. Purple corn husk is rich in anthocyanin. In this paper the antioxidative effect of anthocyanin-rich purple corn husk extract (PCHE) in mayonnaise during storage was studied. The antioxidative effect of the mayonnaise containing PCHE was evaluated by measuring peroxide values, p-anisidine values, total oxidation ...
Raspopow Kate - - 2013
Negative emotions trigger eating in some individuals (emotional eaters) possibly by influencing stress hormones that contribute to eating regulation (e.g., cortisol), or eating-related peptides (e.g., ghrelin) signalling food initiation. The present study assessed whether stressor-elicited cortisol and ghrelin changes would differ between emotional and non-emotional eaters, and whether eating would ...
Barden Leann - - 2013
ABSTRACT Overly high intake of saturated fat is an international problem contributing to global health issues. Low-moisture snacks account for a nutritionally significant proportion of the saturated fat in the diet, making these foods a key target for improving consumers' health. However, it is not currently feasible to maintain the ...
Wegmüller Rita - - 2013
The water-soluble zinc salts gluconate, sulfate, and acetate are commonly used as supplements in tablet or syrup form to prevent zinc deficiency and to treat diarrhea in children in combination with oral rehydration. Zinc citrate is an alternative compound with high zinc content, slightly soluble in water, which has better ...
Grace Mary H - - 2013
Wild Alaskan Vaccinium berries, V. vitis-idaea (lowbush cranberry) and V. uliginosum (bog blueberry), were investigated in parallel to their commercial berry counterparts; V. macrocarpon (cranberry) and V. angustifolium (lowbush blueberry). Lowbush cranberry accumulated about twice the total phenolics (624.4 mg/100 g FW) and proanthocyanidins (278.8 mg/100 g) content as commercial ...
Vlahović Milena - - 2013
Cadmium uptake takes place mainly through food. Lymantria dispar larvae were exposed to dietary cadmium in concentrations of 10 and 30μg Cd/g dry food (NOEC, no-observed-effect and LOEC, lowest-observed-effect concentration, respectively) for acute and chronic treatment and recovery. We established that metal contamination decreased mass only during the chronic treatment ...
González-Centeno María Reyes - - 2013
A detailed assessment of the total phenolic and total tannin contents, the monomeric and oligomeric flavan-3-ol composition, the proanthocyanidin profile and the antioxidant potential of the grape pomace byproducts (considered as a whole, both skins and seeds), derived from four white grape varieties (Vitis vinifera L.), was performed. Significant differences ...
Lin Yuheng Y College of Engineering, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, - - 2014
Antioxidants are biological molecules with the ability to protect vital metabolites from harmful oxidation. Due to this fascinating role, their beneficial effects on human health are of paramount importance. Traditional approaches using solvent-based extraction from food/non-food sources and chemical synthesis are often expensive, exhaustive, and detrimental to the environment. With ...
Lopez de Dicastillo Carol - - 2013
In this paper, natural plasticizers-modified polypropylenes intended for food active packaging were developed. Sunflower oil, olive oil and soy lecithin, without any known harmful effect or toxicity, were employed as natural plasticizers. Their incorporation during the extrusion of polypropylene was tried as a means to obtain polymers with improved diffusion ...
Wu Chia-Fang - - 2013
A major incident involving phthalates-contaminated foodstuffs occurred in Taiwan in May 2011, leading to the quick removal of tainted food items from store shelves. We investigated changes in urinary oxidative di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) metabolites, our proxy for exposure to DEHP-tainted foodstuffs in children ≤10 years, during the six months following withdrawal ...
Nadjarzadeh Azadeh A PhD., Assistant Professor, Nutritionist, Department of Nutrition, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. - - 2013
Oxidative stress is detrimental to semen quality and has a significant role in the etiology of malesubfertility. Dietary intake of antioxidants were compared between thirty two men with oligolastheno/ teratazoospermic(cases) and 32 normospermic volunteers (controls) attending fertility clinic in Mirza Koochak-khanHospital in Tehran, Iran. All participants were nonsmokers and matched ...
Zhu Liancai - - 2013
To select rabbiteye blueberry leaves from appropriate harvest season to develop functional foods, this paper studied the bioactive secondary metabolites and the antioxidant capacity of rabbiteye blueberry leaves from May, September and November. Our results showed the leaves from May had the highest content of total flavonoids (114.21 mg/g), and ...
Rezaire A - - 2014
In French Guiana, "diversity" within the Palm family is obvious since more than 75 species have been identified. Oenocarpus bataua Mart., called "patawa" is well known for its culinary uses whereas literature on its phytochemical composition and biological properties remains poor. This work deals with determining the antioxidant activity of ...
Barba Francisco José - - 2014
Response surface methodology was used to evaluate the optimal high pressure processing treatment (300-500MPa, 5-15min) combined with Stevia rebaudiana (Stevia) addition (0-2.5% (w/v)) to guarantee food safety while maintaining maximum retention of nutritional properties. A fruit extract matrix was selected and Listeria monocytogenes inactivation was followed from the food safety ...
Bentayeb Karim - - 2014
The ORAC assay is applied to measure the antioxidant capacity of foods or dietary supplements. Sometimes, the manufacturers claim antioxidant capacities that may not correspond to the constituents of the product. These statements are sheltered by the general understanding that antioxidants might exhibit synergistic properties, but this is not necessarily ...
Crowe Kristi M - - 2013
Ecosystem effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) remain under investigation following the Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Fundulus grandis, an established indicator of aquatic ecosystem health, was investigated since this species shares genes and biochemical pathways with higher trophic level fish and plays an important role in the ...
Khoo Weslie Yu Heng - - 2013
The analysis of food components is of high importance due to food safety and security. Here the electrochemical detection of caffeine was performed on different chemically modified graphene (CMG) surfaces carrying diverse amount of defects and oxygen functionalities. The analytical performances of graphite oxide (GPO), graphene oxide (GO), and electrochemically ...
Siler Branislav - - 2014
Methanol extracts of aerial parts and roots of five centaury species (Centaurium erythraea, C. tenuiflorum, C. littorale ssp. uliginosum, C. pulchellum, and Schenkia spicata) were analysed for their main secondary metabolites: secoiridoid glycosides, a group of monoterpenoid compounds, and phenolics (xanthones and flavonoids), and further investigated for antioxidant capacity and ...
Celik Ecem Evrim - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the regeneration potential of antioxidant capacity of insoluble food matrix. Investigations were performed in vitro with several food matrices rich in dietary fiber (DF) and bound antioxidants. After removing soluble fraction, antioxidant capacity (AC) of insoluble fraction was measured by the QUENCHER procedure using ABTS•+ ...
Lozinsky Oleksandr V - - 2013
The toxicity of potassium ferrocyanide (PFC) and protective effects of 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) under PFC treatment were tested on the Drosophila melanogaster model system. Fly larvae were raised on food supplemented with PFC at concentrations of 1.0 mM and mixtures with DNP in concentrations of 0.50 and 1.25 mM, either alone ...
Lozinsky Oleksandr V - - 2013
The toxicity of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) (an inducer of oxidative/nitrosative stress) and the attenuation of SNP effects by 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) (that induces mild uncoupling of respiration) were evaluated in the Drosophila melanogaster model system. Fly larvae were raised on food supplemented with 1.0mM SNP, 0.5 or 1.25mM DNP, or with ...
Bernaert Nathalie - - 2013
Evaluating the effect of domestic cooking on the health benefits of vegetables has great practical importance. But only a limited number of reports provide information on the effect of these treatments on the antioxidant capacity, polyphenol and S-alk(en)yl-L-cysteine sulfoxide (ACSO, e.g. isoalliin and methiin) content of the white shaft and ...
Agostoni Carlo - - 2013
Abstract Recent findings suggest that an early exposure to dietary antigens may be more protective towards allergy than a later introduction even in high-risk infants. The consequent earlier introduction of food items such as egg yolk and oily fish, together with breastfeeding continuation through the first year, could contribute to ...
Yoshikawa Takahiro T a Department of Sports Medicine , Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine , 1-4-3 Asahimachi , Abeno-ku , Osaka , 545-8585 , - - 2013
Abstract Fatigue is a common complaint among young adults. We investigated whether eating behaviors are associated with fatigue in this population. The participants consisted of 117 healthy students attending Osaka City University. They completed questionnaires assessing fatigue and eating behaviors. To identify the factors associated with the prevalence of fatigue, ...
Yau Y H C YH Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA - - - 2013
Obesity is a heterogeneous construct that, despite multiple and diverse attempts, has been difficult to treat. One conceptualization gaining media and research attention in recent years is that foods, particularly hyperpalatable (e.g., high-fat, high sugar) ones, may possess addictive qualities. Stress is an important factor in the development of addiction ...
Maute Kimberly L - - 2013
Seasonal changes in avian hormonal stress responses and condition are well known for common species found at temperate and arctic latitudes, but declining and tropical species are poorly studied. This study compares stress and condition measures of co-occurring declining and non-declining tropical grass finch species in Australia. We monitored declining ...
Wijesundera Chakra - - 2013
International dietary guidelines advocate replacement of saturated and trans fat in food with unsaturated oils. Also, there is growing interest in incorporating highly unsaturated omega-3 oils in to food products due to beneficial health effects. A major obstacle to incorporating highly unsaturated oils in to food products is the extreme ...
Tryon Matthew S - - 2013
Exaggerated reactivity to food cues involving calorically-dense foods may significantly contribute to food consumption beyond caloric need. Chronic stress, which can induce palatable "comfort" food consumption, may trigger or reinforce neural pathways leading to stronger reactions to highly rewarding foods. We implemented functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to assess whether ...
Castro López María Del Mar - - 2013
Two types of active antioxidant food packages with improved release properties, based on polypropylene as one of the most common polymers used in food packaging applications, were developed. Incorporation of catechin and green tea as antioxidant provided PP with 6 times higher stabilization against thermal oxidation. Release of natural antioxidants ...
Elbassuoni Eman A - - 2013
Ghrelin is a peptidergic hormone known to be one of the main hormones involved in the regulation of energy balance. Here we evaluated ghrelin response to stress in rats after ovariectomy and during estradiol benzoate (EB) therapy and compared results of males and females, to know whether ghrelin is involved ...
Skowyra Monika - - 2013
The successful replacement of some synthetic food antioxidants by safe natural antioxidants has fostered intensive search for new vegetable sources of antioxidants. In our study the phenol and flavonoid content of extracts of tara pods was determined. The antioxidant activity was also studied by three different analytical assays: the measurement ...
Aguilera Yolanda - - 2013
The present study describes the effects of germination on nonnutritional factors and antioxidant activity in the non-conventional legumes Vigna unguiculata (cowpea), Canavalia ensiformis (jack bean), Lablab purpureus (dolichos) and Stizolobium niveum (mucuna). Protease inhibitors and lectins were detected in raw legumes, and were significantly decreased during the germination. Regarding total ...
Nayak Balunkeswar B a Department of Food Science and Technology , University of Nebraska , Lincoln , NE , 68588 , - - 2013
ABSTRACT Understanding the influence of processing operations such as drying/dehydration, canning, extrusion, high hydrostatic pressure, pulsed electric field and ohmic heating on the phytochemicals of fruits, vegetables and grains is important in retaining the health benefiting properties of these antioxidative compounds in processed food products. Most of the previous investigations ...
Zimmer Cédric - - 2013
Prolonged exposure to stress during development can have long-term detrimental effects on health and wellbeing. However, the environmental matching hypothesis proposes that developmental stress programs physiology and behaviour in an adaptive way that can enhance fitness if early environments match those experienced later in life. Most research has focused on ...
Emami Sayed Ahmad SA Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR - - 2013
Use of antioxidants is a means of reducing rancidity of fats and oils in food stuffs. The commercial synthetic antioxidants in food industry have been suspected to cause negative health effects. Therefore as alternatives, there is a strong need in finding new effective and safe antioxidants from natural sources to ...
Ali Asgar - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare the physico-chemical characteristics and antioxidant activity of ozone-treated papaya fruit and untreated fruit. Freshly harvested papaya fruit were exposed continuously to ozone fumigation (0, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 5ppm) for 96h prior to ambient storage at 25±3°C and 70±5% relative humidity (RH) ...
Obiang-Obounou Brice Wilfried - - 2013
This study focuses on the effect of extrusion processing on tannin reduction, phenolic content, flavonoid content, antioxidant and anitimicrobial activity. Extrusion temperature (120 and 140°C) and feed moisture (25% and 28%) were used on the tannin content, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. Extrusion cooking reduced tannin content up to 78%, and ...
Miller Natalie B NB Department of Pediatrics, Division of Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonary Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Trimethylaminuria (TMAU) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by excessive excretion into body fluids and breath of unoxidized trimethylamine (TMA) derived from the enterobacterial metabolism of dietary precursors. The condition is caused by deficiency of flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) which leads to impairment of hepatic TMA oxidation to the odorless ...
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