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Hurt Elizabeth A EA Wright State University, School of Professional Psychology, Ellis Human Development Institute, 9 North Edwin C. Moses Boulevard, Dayton, OH 45402, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary and herbal interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been proposed by practitioners of Western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine. Children who are suspected to have nutritional deficiencies, insufficiencies, and/or food allergies should be evaluated and, if the suspicion is confirmed, treated with supplementation or specific food elimination as part ...
Reis Filipa S FS Mountain Research Center (CIMO), ESA, Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, Ap. 1172, 5301-855 Bragança, Portugal. - - 2014
The present work outlines a detailed chemical characterization of Suillus granulatus species, besides presenting the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of their methanolic extracts. The study was carried out with samples drawn from Portugal and Serbia in order to prove that though mushrooms are strongly influenced by the environment in which ...
Braga Nair N a REQUIMTE, Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy , University of Porto , Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira 228, 4050-313 Porto , - - 2014
Castanea sativa Mill. is a species of the family Fagaceae abundant in south Europe and Asia. The fruits (chestnut) are an added value resource in producing countries. Chestnut economic value is increasing not only for nutritional qualities but also for the beneficial health effects related with its consumption. During chestnut ...
Pereira Marina Pelincer MP Departament of Nutrition - Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro, Rua Getulio Guaritá, 159, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, CEP 38025 360, - - 2014
Herbs and spices, excellent sources of phenolic compounds, can be considered potential antioxidant additives. The use of spices must strike a balance between their potential antioxidant capabilities during preparation and the flavor acceptance, in order to avoid rejection of the food. The aimed of this study is to evaluate the ...
Yamada Mai M Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, the University of Tokyo. 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan. - - 2014
Data for the intake of copper, zinc, and manganese in Japanese populations obtained by detailed diet assessment methods and the most recent version of the food composition database in Japan are scarce. Moreover, data on food sources which contribute to the intake of these nutrients in Asian countries, including Japan, ...
Abdulazeez Sheriff Sheik SS Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Fishery waste and by-products are valuable sources of raw material for recovery of antioxidant and bioactive peptides. Due to the increased demand for protein hydrolysates with antioxidative properties by various sectors of consumable food, health care and pharmaceutical industries, the present study focused in the production of fish protein hydrolysate ...
Hu Fengxiao F The Key Laboratory of Mariculture, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, P.R. - - 2014
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is currently the most widely-used brominated flame retardant (BFR) and has been proven to have a very high toxicity to aquatic organisms including bivalves. In this study, a laboratory experiment was conducted to obtain a better understanding of the role of algae food on the bioaccumulation of ...
Thow Anne Marie AM University of Sydney, Menzies Centre for Health Policy, Victor Coppleson Building (D02), Sydney 2006, NSW, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) is one of a new generation of 'deep' preferential trade and investment agreements that will extend many of the provisions seen in previous agreements. This paper presents a prospective policy analysis of the likely text of the TPPA, with reference to nutrition policy space. ...
Knudsen Gitte - - 2014
Background Salmonellae are food-borne pathogens of great health and economic importance. To pose a threat to humans, Salmonellae normally have to cope with a series of stressful conditions in the food chain, including low temperature. In the current study, we evaluated the importance of the Clp proteolytic complex and the ...
Ijomone Omamuyovwi Meashack OM Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun, Nigeria; Department of Human Anatomy, Cross River University of Technology, Okuku, Cross River, Nigeria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nicotine is readily consumed through cigarettes; however it is also easily consumed through the various forms of non-prescription nicotine replacement therapy. It has been shown to possess potential therapeutic value for the management of neurologic and neurodegenerative diseases in the last decade. Hence, this study examined the effects of chronic ...
Liu Liang-Ying LY School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University , Bloomington, Indiana 47405, United - - 2014
Three categories of baby food (formula, cereal, and puree) were bought from United States and Chinese stores in 2013 and analyzed for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and related flame retardants. The primary goal of this project was to investigate whether there were differences in the levels of flame retardants between ...
Simsek Sebnem S Ege University, Engineering Faculty, Food Engineering Department, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2015
The purpose of this study was to determine some functional properties of taro (Colocasia esculenta L. Schott) corm, which can be a good alternative to the other dietary carbohydrate sources with its high starch content. The total phenolic and flavonoid content of taro corm was found as 205±53mgCAE/100g and 61±9mgCAE/100g, ...
Zhao Zhi-Jun ZJ College of Life and Environmental Science, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou 325027, China. - - 2014
Food restriction (FR) and refeeding (Re) have been suggested to impair body mass regulation and thereby making it easier to regain the lost weight and develop over-weight when FR ends. However, it is unclear if this is the case in small mammals showing seasonal forging behaviors. In the present study, ...
Alemán Mercedes M Nutrition and Food Science Department - XaRTA - INSA, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Avinguda Joan XXIII s/n, E-08028 Barcelona, - - 2015
The antioxidative effect of lipophilized caffeic acid was assessed in two different fish oil enriched food products: mayonnaise and milk. In both emulsion systems, caffeic acid esterified with fatty alcohols of different chain lengths (C1-C20) were better antioxidants than the original phenolic compound. The optimal chain length with respect to ...
Ma Grace X GX Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA - - 2014
Most of the sodium Americans consume comes from processed and restaurant foods. An upstream global strategy to promote health is to work with local restaurants to reduce sodium content in their food offerings, while accounting for food taste and economic considerations. In urban communities, Chinese take-out restaurants serve meals with ...
Wang Shaoyun S Department of Endocrinology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Chinese PLA Medical College, Beijing, PR - - 2014
Objective: A high-protein diet may decrease food intake through regulating satiety and appetite hormones and can be an effective strategy for weight loss. Few studies exist on obese Chinese adolescents. Methods and Materials: 156 obese Chinese adolescents were enrolled and randomly assigned to one of two isoenergetic breakfasts, either with ...
Kim Boram B Department of Food and Nutrition, Sookmyung Women's University, 100 Cheongpa-ro 47-gil, Yongsan-gu, Seoul 140-742, - - 2014
Due to recent changes in social structure, single-person households are on the rise worldwide and therefore the interest in the quality of life of singles is increasing, but the research on the relationships related to their diet-related quality of life is scarce. This research analyzes the structural relations in the ...
Omoruyi Iyekhoetin Matthew IM Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health (Food and Environmental Toxicology Unit), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 66, FI-00014, University of Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Processed foods are an insufficiently characterized source of chemical mutagens for consumers. Here, we evaluated the genotoxicity of selected food products in Finland. Mutagenicity was determined by the standard plate incorporation assay followed by methylcellulose overlay and treat-and-wash assays, using the Salmonella strains TA 100 and 98 with and without ...
Galas Aleksander A Department of Epidemiology, Chair of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 7 Kopernika St, Kraków, Poland, - - 2014
Sister chromatid exchange (SCE) is a widely used sensitive cytogenetic biomarker of exposure to genotoxic and cancerogenic agents. Results of human monitoring studies and cytogenetic damage have revealed that biological effects of genotoxic exposures are influenced by confounding factors related to life-style. Vegetable and fruit consumption may play a role, ...
Mu Min M a Department of Nutrition , Anhui Medical University , Hefei Province , PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF - - 2014
Objective: Our objective was to examine associations between dietary patterns and body mass index (BMI) and bone mineral density (BMD) in Chinese freshmen. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done in 1319 college freshmen (aged 18.1 ± 1.2 years old). Diet was assessed by using a validated self-administrated food-frequency questionnaire. Blood pressure, ...
Zazpe Itziar I Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine-Clínica Universidad de Navarra, University of Navarra, Irunlarrea 1, Pamplona 31008, Navarra, - - 2014
Epidemiological research confirms that the prevalence of suboptimal micronutrient intakes across Europe is an emerging concern in terms of public health. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between a new index of carbohydrate (CHO) quality and micronutrient intake adequacy in the 'Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra ...
Bradley Sean P SP Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article is part of a Special Issue "Energy Balance". Both the light-dark cycle and the timing of food intake can entrain circadian rhythms. Entrainment to food is mediated by a food entrainable circadian oscillator (FEO) that is formally and mechanistically separable from the hypothalamic light-entrainable oscillator. This experiment examined ...
Kwan Christine Ml CM 1 Center for Vulnerable Populations at San Francisco General Hospital; Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, - - 2014
To develop a conceptually equivalent Chinese-language translation of the eighteen-item US Household Food Security Survey Module. In the current qualitative study, we (i) highlight methodological challenges which arise in developing survey instruments that will be used to make comparisons across language groups and (ii) describe the development of a Chinese-language ...
Wang H J HJ National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Beijing, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:To analyze the time trends in total dietary fiber (DF) intake, DF food sources and total DF intake per 1000 kcal (DF density) in Chinese adults aged 45 years and above in the past 20 years.Subjects/Methods:We used the data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) collected in 1991, 1993, ...
Zhao Zhi-Jun ZJ College of Life and Environmental Science, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou 325027, China; State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management for Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; School of Agricultural Science, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng, Shandong 252059, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physiological and behavioral adjustments of small mammals are important strategies in response to variations in food availability. Although numerous of studies have been carried out in rodents, behavioral patterns in response to food deprivation and re-feeding (FD-RF) are still inconsistent. Here we examined effects of a 24h FD followed by ...
Wang Jin Wei JW Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, - - 2014
To evaluate the association of known polymorphisms in the lipid metabolic pathway with body mass index (BMI), and estimate their interactions with soybean food intake. A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in a Chinese Han population. BMI, soybean food intake, and single nucleotide polymorphisms of rs599839, rs3846662, rs3846663, rs12916, rs174547, ...
Yu Yan Han YH a Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Alberta , - - 2014
Abstract. Objective:To document the sodium intake and food sources of sodium of Canadian-born Chinese (CBC) and Asian-born Chinese (ABC) individuals at a Canadian University campus. Participants: Healthy adults aged 18-58 years originating from Canada, China, Hong Kong, or Taiwan were recruited from the University of Alberta (n = 40 CBC; n ...
Zhang Jian Bo JB China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100022, - - 2014
This study was to analyze the risk of sulfites in food consumed by the Chinese people and assess the health protection capability of maximum-permitted level (MPL) of sulfites in GB 2760-2011. Sulfites as food additives are overused or abused in many food categories. When the MPL in GB 2760-2011 was ...
Garretson John T JT Neuroscience Institute, Georgia State University, 24 Peachtree Center Ave NE, Atlanta, GA 30302-4010, USA; Obesity Reversal Center, Georgia State University, 24 Peachtree Center Ave NE, Atlanta, GA 30302-4010, - - 2014
Food hoarding is an evolutionary adaptation whereby animals store food for later consumption when food is limited or when predation risk while foraging is high. It also occurs as part of normal appetitive behavior by humans and non-human animals when they are hungry. Contrary to popular belief, humans do not ...
Jiang Xun X Department of Pediatrics, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to develop a questionnaire for caregivers to assess the eating behavior of Chinese preschoolers. To assess children's eating behaviors, 152 items were derived from a broad review of the literature related to epidemiology surveys and the assessment of children's eating behaviors. All of these ...
Petri Ines I Department of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover, - - 2014
The Siberian hamster (Phodopus sungorus) is a seasonal mammal responding to the annual cycle in photoperiod with anticipatory physiological adaptations. This includes a reduction in food intake and body weight during the autumn in anticipation of seasonally reduced food availability. In the laboratory, short-day induction of body weight loss can ...
Du Wenwen W National Institute for Nutrition and food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, - - 2014
The neighbourhood availability of restaurants has been linked to the weight status. However, little is known regarding the relation between access to restaurant and obesity among the Chinese population. This study aims to explore the relationship between neighbourhood restaurant density and body mass index (BMI) in rural China. A longitudinal ...
Liu Zhao-Min ZM Department of Medicine &Therapeutics, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, PR, - - 2014
Reducing salt intake in communities is one of the most effective and affordable public health strategies to prevent hypertension, stroke and renal disease. The present study aimed to determine the sodium intake in Hong Kong Chinese postmenopausal women and identify the major food sources contributing to sodium intake and urine ...
Iwasaki Yusuke Y Department of Analytical Chemistry, Hoshi University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical - - 2014
Food additives, such as preservatives, sweeteners, coloring agents, and flavoring agents, are widely used in food manufacturing. However, their combined effects on the human body are not known. The purpose of this study was to examine whether combinations of antioxidants and metal ions generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) under in ...
G Ritu R Charak Foundation, P.O. Box 3547, Cerritos, CA 90703, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency is widely prevalent in India, despite abundant sunshine. Fortification of staple foods with vitamin D is a viable strategy to target an entire population. Vitamin D fortification programs implemented in the United States and Canada have improved the vitamin D status in these countries, but a significant ...
Lee Pui Yee - - 2013
Differences in culture, language, and behavior between Chinese and Western consumers make entering the Chinese market a challenge. Chinese consumers may desire similar product features (e.g. brand name, quality, and flavor) to Western consumers but the value that consumers attach to the same product may differ cross-nationally. Besides values, an ...
Vogtmann Emily E Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, United States; Department of Epidemiology, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United - - 2014
To assess the associations between cruciferous vegetable (CV) intake, GST gene polymorphisms, and colorectal cancer (CRC) in a population of Chinese men. Using incidence density sampling, CRC cases (N = 340) diagnosed before December 31, 2010 within the Shanghai Men's Health Study were matched to noncases (N = 673). CV ...
Woziwodzka Anna - - 2013
Caffeine is one of the most important biologically active food components. In this paper we demonstrate that caffeine and other methylxanthines significantly reduce mutagenic activity of two food-derived heterocyclic aromatic amines, Trp-P-1 and Trp-P-2 in Salmonella typhimurium TA98 strain. Moreover, protection against Trp-P-1-induced mutagenicity was independent of liver S9 enzymatic ...
Shannonhouse John L - - 2013
Latency to feed in a novel environment assesses anxious behavior in rodents, but it is unclear whether it distinguishes anxiety from consumption or appetite NEW METHOD: The anxiety-related feeding/exploration conflict (AFEC) test was used here to assess anxious behavior in Syrian hamsters for which increased cheek-pouching of food, but not ...
Lin Shao - - 2013
Objective: Compared fish consumption patterns, fish advisory/benefit awareness and risk factors of consuming high-mercury (Hg) fish between Chinese and non-Chinese adults. Methods: 301 Chinese and 120 non-Chinese participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants self-reported demographics, fish consumption behavior, and awareness of warnings/benefits of fish consumption. Results: non-Chinese (62.5%) ate more ...
Teubner Brett J W BJ Department of Biology and Obesity Reversal Center, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4010, - - 2013
Central administration of neuropeptide Y (NPY) increases food intake in laboratory rats and mice, as well as food foraging and hoarding in Siberian hamsters. The NPY-Y1 and Y5 receptors (Rs) within the hypothalamus appear sufficient to account for these increases in ingestive behaviors. Stimulation of NPY-Y2Rs in the Arcuate nucleus ...
Ma Wan-Li - - 2013
Parabens are widely used as preservatives in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. However, recent studies have indicated that high and systemic exposure to parabens can be harmful to human health. Although a few studies have reported urinary paraben levels in western countries, studies on paraben exposure in the Chinese population are ...
Zhou Ping Ping - - 2013
To assess the current status of the acrylamide in the Chinese food supply, the dietary acrylamide exposure in the Chinese population and to estimate the public health risks of the current consumption. The acrylamide content in the total diet study (TDS) food samples was analyzed using an LC-MS/MS method. Based ...
Liu Pei - - 2013
Foodborne illness is a challenge in the production and service of ethnic foods. The purpose of the study described in this article was to explore variables influencing the behaviors of U.S. Chinese restaurant owners/operators regarding the provision of food safety training in their restaurants. Seventeen major Chinese cultural values were ...
Liou Doreen - - 2013
Aim:The purpose of this research was to examine the attitudes, beliefs and behaviours related to obesity risk reduction in Chinese Americans.Methods:A questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of 300 US-born and foreign-born Chinese Americans residing in the New York metropolitan area, ranging from 18 to 40 years of age. ...
Yu Yanxin - - 2013
The temporal trends in daily dietary exposure of the populations in Beijing and Shenyang, China to DDTs and HCHs through consumption of various food categories and the associated health risks were investigated in this work. The estimated dietary intakes of DDTs and HCHs in 2005/2007 were almost one and two ...
Teubner Brett J W BJ Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4010, - - 2013
Ghrelin is an orexigenic hormone produced by the stomach in direct proportion to the time since the last meal and has therefore been called a 'hunger signal'. The octanoylation of ghrelin is critical for its orexigenic functions and is dependent upon ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT) catalyzation. The GOAT inhibitor, GO-CoA-Tat, decreases ...
Zhao Zhi-Jun - - 2013
Food restriction induces a loss of body mass that is often followed by rapid regaining of the lost weight when the restriction ends, consequently increasing a risk of development of obesity. To determine the physiological and behavioral mechanisms underlining the regaining, striped hamsters were restricted to 85% of initial food ...
Li Lin - - 2013
Background: To investigate the internal validity of a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) developed for use in Chinese women and to compare habitual dietary intakes between population and hospital controls measured by the FFQ. Materials and Methods: A quantitative FFQ and a short food habit questionnaire (SFHQ) were developed and adapted for ...
Luo Xiao - - 2013
Obesity is regarded as a potential risk factor for atopy. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of obesity with atopic dermatitis, rhinitis, asthma and food allergy in Chinese adults. Two hundred and sixty six (266) atopic cases in Harbin, China, were identified according to the current ...
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