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Results 401 - 450 of 498
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Burks A W - - 1988
Forty-six patients with atopic dermatitis ranging from mild to severe were evaluated for food hypersensitivity with double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. Twenty-eight (61%) patients had a positive prick skin reaction to one of the foods tested. Sixty-five food challenges were performed; 27 (42%) were interpreted as positive in 15 (33%) patients. ...
de Boer E M - - 1988
Metalworkers exposed to metalworking fluids often encounter dermatological problems. In an epidemiological study of 286 metalworkers, 14% had dermatitis. Of these, 21 (54%) presented with the clinical appearance of dyshidrotic eczema. 3 out of these 21 operators had positive patch test reactions, 1 to nickel and 2 to formaldehyde and ...
Yellowlees P M - - 1988
The hypothesis that patients with anorexia nervosa exaggerate the perceived size of food was tested. Video recordings of five items of food and four neutral objects of a similar size were made such that the size of each object increased steadily from half to twice its normal size. Each of ...
Gohdes D - - 1988
Diet therapy for minority diabetic patients must be directed to NIDDM, the most prominent form of diabetes in minority populations. Diet programs must be tailored to the cultural framework, and traditional foods with desirable characteristics can be encouraged. To teach patients about diet, educators must use educational techniques appropriate to ...
Dieterich M - - 1988
The clinical practice of advising patients to increase their daily fluid intake after lumbar puncture in order to increase CSF production by re-hydration and thus try to prevent post-lumbar puncture headache (PLPH) has not yet been shown to be effective. In 100 patients the different effects of re-hydration on the ...
Aucoin E J - - 1987
Management of pruritus ani rests on a few basic principles. The first and foremost is to listen to the patient and accept how uncomfortable and even disabling this common disorder can be. Such causes as parasites, diarrhea, trauma, hemorrhoids, and fistulas must be accurately diagnosed and treated. Contributing factors, such ...
Mattes R D - - 1987
Aversions that form towards foods after their ingestion has been associated with illness are termed learned food aversions (LFA). This adverse treatment side effect has been implicated in the anorexia of cancer and can compromise the quality of patients' lives. In an attempt to block the formation or ameliorate the ...
Gan S L - - 1987
The prevalence of occupational skin disease was found to be 3.8% in a study of 479 sanders in the furniture-making industry in Singapore. 17 species of wood imported from South East Asia were used. The most common dermatoses from wood dust were pruritus (1.6%), irritant contact dermatitis (1.6%) and xerosis ...
Matis W L - - 1987
Indirect immunofluorescence (IF) to detect pemphigus and pemphigoid autoantibodies is commonly performed with monkey esophagus (ME) as substrate and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) as a diluent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate comparative IF titers using human skin (HS) as substrate with variations in the buffers employed. Substrates (ME ...
Sudan B J - - 1987
There is evidence in some individuals that seborrhoeic dermatitis is an immuno-allergic reaction induced by nicotine as hapten. Nicotine is present in passive smoking, botanic areas, some foods at very low levels, smokeless tobacco and chewing gums. The successful use of topical ketoconazole as an anti-fungal treatment has been recently ...
Wang J C - - 1987
The release and permeation of 1% Westragel and 1% Westrastick and three commercial 1% anthralin products were investigated in vitro with the use of a Franz diffusion cell unit. An inert Teflon membrane with a mesh opening of 74 mu was used for measuring the rate of release. Involved psoriatic ...
Dannaker C J - - 1987
A case of allergic contact dermatitis to mustard (Brassica nigra) in a salad maker is reported. The sources of skin contact included a commercial salad cream, a vinegrette, and various members of the mustard family, Cruciferae. The Cruciferae family includes many salad vegetables and condiments which contain allergenic isothiocyanates. The ...
Goh C L - - 1987
Of 557 patients with occupational dermatoses seen at the Middle Road Hospital, Singapore, 55.7% (310) were irritant contact dermatitis, 38.6% (215) were allergic contact dermatitis and 5.7% (32) were non contact dermatitis. More than half of the patients were below 30 years old and most were from the construction (29.5%), ...
Hamberg O - - 1987
In 92 consecutive patients admitted with suspected acute deep venous thrombosis, (DVT), the screening value of a new thermographic equipment, DeVeTherm, was evaluated with phlebography as a reference. The predictive value was 0.29 (0.19-0.41) of a positive thermography, and 0.68 (0.43-0.87) of a negative thermography. These results do not justify ...
Kirschner P A - - 1987
In 1936, Alfred Blalock performed the successful removal of a thymic tumor in a patient with myasthenia gravis. The patient experienced marked and sustained improvement for several years. Blalock prophesized then that exploration of the thymic region would be indicated in all patients with severe myasthenia gravis. A few years ...
Jacob L H - - 1987
Episodes of atrial fibrillation that occurred after meals developed in a 60 year old man with a history of ischaemic heart disease. The attacks were precipitated by precursors and metabolites of tyramine and tyramine containing foods and drinks, in the absence of monoamine oxidase inhibitors. The patient has remained free ...
Veien N K - - 1987
The eczema of 113 patients with dermatitis other than classical urticaria or typical atopic dermatitis cleared or showed marked improvement after one to two months of dietary restriction. In their response to a questionnaire completed at least 6 months after the initiation of the diet, 61 (54%) of these patients ...
Pistoia F - - 1987
The ball-and-socket ankle joint is a malformation of the ankle in which the articular surface of the talus is hemispherical in both the anteroposterior and lateral projections and has a congruent, concave tibial articular surface. Fourteen patients with this condition were identified retrospectively. Thirteen patients were thought to have the ...
Conlon J M - - 1987
Antisera of defined regional specificity have been used to measure the concentration of substance P-like immunoreactivity (SP-LI) and neurokinin A-like immunoreactivity (NKA-LI) during a meal-induced flush in 10 patients with metastatic carcinoid tumours. Although all patients flushed, NKA-LI levels in five patients and SP-LI in six patients were not elevated ...
Fork F T - - 1987
Granulated wheat-fibres were tested as an additive to normal food before colon radiography in 52 out of 177 consecutive out-patients. The cleansing day food was prohibited. The results show no adverse effect of fibres on cleansing. Thus patients with organic and functional disturbances of the large bowel already treated with ...
Cioni L - - 1986
Soft and Hard Hemodiafiltration (HDF). A 32-month study was made to assess efficiency and clinical tolerance in a comparison between "soft" and "hard" HDF. Soft HDF was performed in 18 patients using a polyacrylonitrile AN 69 S 1.2m2 membrane and hard HDF in 12 patients using a polyacrylonitrile hollow-fibre 1.8m2 ...
Businco L - - 1986
Thirty-one children with atopic dermatitis, aged 6 months to 10 years, were selected for this trial. All had historical, clinical, and laboratory evidences that allergy to food was the cause of exacerbations of eczema. Either oral sodium cromoglycate (SCG) or a matching placebo was administered orally for 8 weeks, followed ...
Sampson H A - - 1986
The role of food hypersensitivity in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis has been debated for years. One-hundred thirty-two children with severe atopic dermatitis were evaluated for food hypersensitivity using double-blind placebo-controlled oral food challenges. Fifty-nine percent of the children experienced at least one immediate hypersensitivity response. Definitive diagnosis of food ...
Lessell S - - 1986
Questionnaires were completed by 1083 nonesotropic control subjects and 170 patients with nonparalytic esotropia to determine handedness. The subjects, who had been drawn from patients attending ophthalmic clinics and private practices, were classified as right-handed, left-handed, or ambidextrous based on their answers to five questions about hand preference. Analysis of ...
Caputo R V - - 1986
Prevention or modification of the onset of atopic dermatitis has been difficult to document through prolonged breast feeding or delayed introduction of solid foods. Dietary management of established atopic dermatitis is not routinely indicated for the majority of patients. Dietary management of atopic dermatitis should not be continued indefinitely. Gradual ...
Zugerman C - - 1986
The lips are composed of striated muscle and connective tissue and are anatomically positioned to be maximally exposed to sunlight, environment, food, and tobacco. A number of topics relevant to the lips are presented, including contact dermatitis, contact urticaria, benign and malignant systemic processes, and the effect of systemically administered ...
Rajka G - - 1986
Answers to a questionnaire on atopic dermatitis sent to clinicians in different countries--excluding Europe and North America--were evaluated. The questions included frequency as well as the possible role of special influencing/aggravating factors in atopic dermatitis patients. According to the data from 19 different countries, climatologic/geographic conditions, profession, and psychic stress ...
Wohlfarth G W - - 1986
Common carp of the Chinese and European races and their cross were tested in different environments. The test groups were either stocked together into the same pond, or each group was stocked separately. Mean growth, taken as a measure of the quality of the environment, varied widely between treatments. Genotype-environment ...
van Joost T - - 1986
A surprisingly high incidence of chloramphenicol sensitization is reported in 8 patients with periocular or periauricular dermatitis. In 6 of them, relevance was established to the use of topical chloramphenicol. Concurrent sensitization to polymyxin B sulphate was found in 2. The findings stress the fact that chloramphenicol allergy remains a ...
Sampson H A - - 1986
Atopic dermatitis is a disorder that affects up to 4.3% of the pediatric population. Its etiology is unknown, but is probably multifactorial. Evidence has been presented to implicate a role for "allergy" in the pathogenesis of AD. Disregarding the myriad of clinical reports, there is sufficient data in the literature ...
Berman B A - - 1986
Based on the disagreements about the role of atopy in the condition known as atopic dermatitis, it is not surprising that there have been divergent views concerning the appropriate treatment of the disease. A large population of physicians, including most dermatologists and some allergists, believe that the fundamental approach to ...
Boner A L - - 1985
The effects of dietary restriction and food challenge were evaluated in five children with atopic dermatitis, as a possible predictive marker for the dietary management of this clinically perplexing disease. Two of the five showed significant elevation of plasma histamine; an additional two demonstrated the presence of immune complexes and ...
Cofield B G - - 1985
A painter experienced an extensive dermatitis when exposed to a paint primer (undercoating) used to protect wood siding. The primer was an acrylic emulsion with a polyfunctional aziridine added as a self-curing cross-linker or hardener. The polyfunctional aziridine cross-linker was made by reacting propyleneimine with a polyfunctional acrylate, trimethylolpropane triacrylate ...
Flannigan S A - - 1985
Synthetic pyrethroids are widely used insecticides with numerous applications, varying from food protection to general pest control. Humans are capable of tolerating greater acute and chronic exposures to the pyrethroids than to many other insecticides. An abnormal cutaneous sensation (paresthesia) is known to occur after dermal contact with the pyrethroids. ...
Peltonen L - - 1985
The occurrence of skin diseases in employees engaged in the food industry has been investigated by means of an epidemiological cross-sectional study. Of the 1052 workers in a large factory in Turku (Finland), 17% reported a current skin disease. Occupational eczema was diagnosed in 8,5% of the 541 female employees ...
Atherton D J - - 1984
A major aetiologic role for foods has been demonstrated in urticaria, atopic eczema and dermatitis herpetiformis. In some patients with urticaria, whealing occurs within minutes of the ingestion of a particular food. In most, but not necessarily all cases, this appears to be a consequence of IgE-mediated cutaneous mast cell ...
Wu R K - - 1984
The pharmacodynamics of Tc-99m dimethyliminodiacetic acid were studied for normal subjects and for patients with a variety of hepatobiliary disorders. It was determined that, in normal subjects, approximately 65% of the gallbladder agent bypassed the gallbladder and was excreted directly from the liver into the small intestine. This bypassing of ...
Hurwitz R M - - 1984
A black spot in the epidermis over a blister of poison ivy dermatitis is an uncommon finding. Four patients with the phenomenon are described. Histologic and histochemical studies were made on biopsy material and the blackish deposit on the skin surface was compared with black deposits in and on leaves ...
David T J - - 1984
The intake of nutrients over a five day period was studied in 23 children whose atopic eczema was being treated by the avoidance of multiple foods. The results were compared with those from 23 healthy control children not on a diet. Significantly low intakes of calcium were discovered in 13 ...
Bartram C I - - 1984
A non-washout preparation using Picolax in 40 patients, compared with a standard method using washouts in 38 patients, showed no significant difference in the contamination by residual formed or semiliquid faeces, although Picolax was associated with significantly more contamination due to adherent faeces and mucus. The overall differences in contamination ...
Gass J D - - 1984
One or more signs of occult neovascularization usually accompany large serous detachments of the retinal pigment epithelium occurring in patients older than 50 years of age. Evidence is presented that a flattened or notched border of these detachments is a frequently encountered and an important biomicroscopic and fluorescein angiographic sign ...
Matzke G R - - 1984
The apparent hemodialyzer elimination rate constant and clearance for gentamicin and tobramycin were determined during 100 routine hemodialysis treatments in 49 patients. Three different dialyzers (CDAK 3500, CF 1211, and CF 1511), which vary in membrane composition, surface area, and thickness, were evaluated. The elimination rate constant in each patient ...
Mahon L M - - 1984
The effect of informational feedback on the protein and caloric consumption of burn patients was investigated using a multiple-baseline across subjects. The patients were four severely burned adult males who failed to consume sufficient foods to achieve prescribed levels of protein or kilocalories via standard burn unit procedures during recovery. ...
Barnetson R S - - 1983
Precipitating antibodies to foods have been assayed in three groups of patients with atopy. Forty-five per cent of patients with atopic eczema and IgE-mediated food allergy had precipitins to foods in their serum compared with only 15% of patients with atopic eczema without evidence of food allergy, and 16% of ...
Markley E J - - 1983
The results of this study indicate that patients with dysgeusia can be classified into groups on the basis of the number and kinds of foods and beverages they perceive as distorted. Furthermore, a relationship between this classification and weight loss has been demonstrated, suggesting that caloric intake is decreased, particularly ...
Jernberg G R - - 1983
ONE HUNDRED FOUR adult subjects (mean age 42.8 years, SD = 16.3 years) with unilateral open contacts were assessed interproximally for periodontal status at both the open and contralateral closed contact. An open contact was defined by unrestricted passage of unwaxed dental floss through the interproximal area. Gingival index, crevicular ...
Cockerill F R FR - - 1983
Although most ingested foreign bodies usually pass through the gastrointestinal tract uneventfully, such objects infrequently cause intestinal perforation and may even result in death. Herein we present five cases of gastrointestinal perforation caused by toothpicks. In one of these patients, the toothpick penetrated the inferior vena cava and caused overwhelming ...
Bloom D A - - 1983
The stoma is the weak link of external urinary diversion. Improper stomal position or configuration produces the unnecessary burden of leakage for the patient with diversion. Stomal bleeding, incrustation and peristomal dermatitis cause inconvenience and expense. Stomal stenosis is the most common reason for repeat operation of an ileal conduit. ...
Veien N K - - 1983
In a retrospective study covering a five-year period, 3664 consecutive patients suspected to suffer from contact dermatitis were patch tested in a private dermatology clinic. 180 of these patients had food handling occupations; they were employed in restaurant or institutional kitchens, fish factories, bakeries, or slaughterhouses. 25 of the 180 ...
Isaksson B - - 1982
Doctors often consider malnutrition as a set of symptoms rather than being a state of nourishment. Consequently, the nutrition of patients without obvious signs of malnutrition is often neglected. Among all categories of patients, unrecognized malnutrition at admission or under-feeding during hospitalization are everyday occurrences. Dietary records of hospitalized patients ...
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