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Results 401 - 450 of 542
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Sampson H A - - 1992
Food hypersensitivity is reported to play an immunopathogenic role in atopic dermatitis in approximately one-third of children. In 320 selected children with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis, 63% of children were found to have food hypersensitivity by double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. Both IgE-mediated mast cell and mononuclear cell activation appear ...
Corli O - - 1992
Although it is commonly accepted that advanced cancer patients often suffer from malnutrition, there is little information available to quantify the extent of undernourishment and variations in food intake during the last weeks of life. To assess these factors, we developed a new method for measuring daily food intake, based ...
Uehara M - - 1992
Radioallergosorbent tests (RASTs) with five common foods were performed in 183 patients with atopic dermatitis. The results showed that about half of the patients had type I allergy to at least one of the five foodstuffs. The RAST results correlated roughly to the severity of dermatitis. In each group of ...
Gstoettner W - - 1992
On the basis of 79 patients with cochlear hearing loss, the statistical distribution of two criteria commonly used in auditory brainstem response audiometry (ABR) was analyzed: the interaural V latency difference (ILD V) and the interaural difference of I-V interpeak interval (ID I-V). The distribution of both criteria was Gaussian. ...
Freeman S - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To show that prick testing (using fresh samples of the food suspected from the patient's history) and not only patch testing is the appropriate investigation in selected cases of hand dermatitis in patients who spend considerable time handling foods (for example, catering workers, cooks). SETTING: The Contact and Occupational ...
Eastlack M E - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to determine the interrater reliability of videotaped observational gait-analysis (VOGA) assessments. Fifty-four licensed physical therapists with varying amounts of clinical experience served as raters. Three patients with rheumatoid arthritis who demonstrated an abnormal gait pattern served as subjects for the videotape. The raters analyzed ...
Mah J - - 1991
Foot deformity in Apert syndrome is very characteristic and predictable. Progressive synostosis occurs on what is presumably an unsegmented cartilaginous mass. The first ray shortens with medial deviation of the great toe, secondary to growth abnormality and a delta phalanx. The two phalanx digits characteristically go on to fusion, with ...
Fritschy D - - 1991
Discoid meniscus is uncommon and usually affects the lateral meniscus. We present 16 patients (8 male and 6 female) with tears of a discoid lateral meniscus occurring in 1800 arthroscopies. We carried out an arthroscopic partial meniscectomy leaving an intact peripheral rim. This is biomechanically satisfactory and the early results ...
Van Enoo R E - - 1991
Partial tibial sesamoidectomy or sesamoid planing is an alternative to complete sesamoidectomy or nonoperative maintenance of a plantar keratosis. It can be performed through a very small incision and is a relatively uncomplicated, yet effective, procedure for relieving the effects of abnormal shearing forces from a prominent or malpositioned medial ...
Bossert S - - 1991
The effects of 19 meals of different caloric content on slides on palatability and hypothetical duration of consumption were investigated in 7 patients with anorexia nervosa, 17 patients with bulimia nervosa at the beginning and after 8 weeks of hospital treatment. Nine healthy females served as controls. At the beginning ...
Miller M L - - 1991
Anorexic patients typically present major obstacles when beginning psychotherapy, including a tendency to focus concretely on their food- and weight-related symptoms. The author seeks to clarify the meaning of this "concrete attitude" and presents a treatment approach that accepts the anorexic person's "limitations." The case of a 14-year-old anorexic girl ...
Oranje A P - - 1991
Forty children (0-5 years old), presented with immediate contact urticaria, rash and often atopic dermatitis (n = 34). Redness or urticaria around the mouth appearing after consuming cow's milk or egg, were the major complaints in all. These symptoms suggested a food-induced immediate contact reaction, which can be immune-mediated or ...
Rostoker G - - 1991
IgA specific for 7 food and 6 airborne antigens were sought in the serum of 30 adult patients with IgA mesangial nephropathy (IgA GN), 23 with membranous nephropathy (MGN), 20 with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS), 11 with membranoproliferative GN (MPGN) and 22 healthy controls by means of an enzyme-linked immunoassay. ...
Martin A W - - 1991
Two major concerns in the dietary management of the dysphagic patient are to maintain adequate nutrition and to ensure safety during oral feeding. Dysphagic patients require modifications of standard hospital diets. Kitchen or nursing staff must remove from standard diet trays solid foods and liquids that pose swallowing hazards. Training ...
Leichsenring F - - 1991
The present study tried to discriminate acute (n = 25) and chronic schizophrenics (n = 25) from borderline patients (BLP; n = 30) on the basis of deviant verbalizations as assessed by the Holtzman Inkblot Technique (HIT). A 30-card version of the HIT was used. It was possible to separate ...
Fouraker B D - - 1991
Epikeratoplasty is a surgical procedure which modifies the surface topography of the cornea by the addition of a tissue lens. This procedure has been applied to patients with keratoconus, myopia, and aphakia. Several large studies of epikeratoplasty have been conducted which suggest that the procedure be limited to keratoconus and ...
Winograd C H CH Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, - - 1990
Malnutrition is an important clinical condition leading to increased morbidity and mortality. This report describes an aggressive oral refeeding program of high-caloric foods, which was instituted in severely anorectic patients because of their refusal to eat meals or supplements. After ascertaining a patient's favorite sweet, hospital personnel and family collaborated ...
Lewis D J - - 1990
A creative teaching strategy was implemented to stimulate patients' motivation to incorporate learned dietary concepts into their daily life-style. Thirty-five hemodialysis patients were given a pamphlet that described herbs and spices to enhance the flavor of specific foods and 25 sample seasoning packets for their experimentation. Most stated that the ...
Veien N K - - 1990
More than half of nickel-allergic patients develop secondary eruptions, that is, dermatitis in areas of the skin that are not in obvious contact with nickel-plated items. Similar eruptions occur after placebo-controlled oral challenge with inorganic nickel salts. The possible relationship between ingestion of nickel in food and secondary eruptions in ...
Müller H P - - 1990
Infrequent occurrence of spirochetes and rather low proportions of these organisms have been reported in localized juvenile periodontitis, where periodontal lesions often harbour large numbers of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, a suspected principal periopathogen strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of this and other forms of chronic periodontitis. We studied the association of ...
Lankisch P G - - 1990
Levels of total amylase, pancreatic isoamylase, lipase and immunoreactive trypsin were measured in 27 consecutive patients with noncomplicated (methemalbumin negative, no pseudocysts on ultrasound) acute pancreatitis during the acute, subacute, and recovery phases. At the beginning of the recovery phase (no pain, start of oral food intake), amylase and pancreatic ...
Brylowski A - - 1990
A patient in crisis was offered treatment with a major focus on alleviating nightmares using lucid dreaming (dreaming while knowing that one is dreaming). Of sixty-eight non-psychotic patients seen consecutively in a psychiatry emergency room, she was one of 16 (23.5%) found to have a concurrent complaint of nightmares (dream ...
Jones C H CH Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T - - 1990
We have collected evidence that a hoarding species of rodent, the Syrian golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), uses spatial memory in foraging for food to hoard. Before each trial, we baited the same four arms of a modified seven arm radial maze with sunflower seeds. During the trial we gave each ...
Tosti A - - 1990
This histological and immunohistochemical study of 6 food handlers affected by immediate contact dermatitis due to foods shows that apparently normal skin of patients with this condition presents several histological and immunohistochemical abnormalities. Skin biopsies of normal hand skin showed focal parakeratosis and moderately dense dermal infiltrates. Immunohistochemistry showed an ...
Violi F - - 1989
Factor VII and prekallikrein activities were studied in 37 patients with liver cirrhosis who were in a decompensated state. Sixteen of them died 30-70 days after admission; 21 survived and were discharged after 30-80 days. Seven who died and six survivors had signs of hyperfibrinolysis: factor VII activity differentiated the ...
Dooms-Goossens A - - 1989
Twelve cases of allergic contact dermatitis caused by antiseptic preparations are presented. The reactions resulted not from the active principles but rather from nonoxynols used in the offending substances as nonionic surface-active agents. Nonoxynols are ethoxylated alkyl phenols or nonylphenylethers that conform in general to the formula C9H19C6H4(OCH2CH2)nOH. They have ...
Nethercott J R - - 1989
Of 1346 patients with suspected contact dermatitis examined in Toronto, 10 bakers and 10 food handlers were found to have occupational contact dermatitis. Although not dissimilar in age, years in the trade, or length of illness, men were significantly overrepresented in the population of bakers (100% vs 40%, p less ...
Sampson H A - - 1989
Patients with hypersensitivity to food documented by a double-blind, placebo-controlled oral food challenge have been reported to have a high rate of release of histamine from basophils in vitro. To determine whether patients with atopic dermatitis and food hypersensitivity had similar high rates of spontaneous histamine release in vitro, whether ...
Burks A W - - 1989
Peanuts, along with milk and eggs, have been documented to account for approximately 80% of adverse reactions to foods in patients with atopic dermatitis. Over the past 3 years, we have evaluated 71 patients with atopic dermatitis, ranging from mild to severe in nature. These patients were initially evaluated by ...
Kawamura J - - 1989
A study concerning subjective symptoms of spasms which occur during 24 hours was carried out in 13 quadriplegic patients. All had spasms. Tonic and clonic spasms occurred involving their limbs and trunk. Extensor spasms occurred more often in the lower limbs than in the upper limbs. The duration of spasms ...
Jakab G - - 1989
Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis are not uncommon causes of low back pain and sciatica among the general population. Symptoms from these complaints also appear to be increasing in frequency among those who participate in competitive sports, especially those resulting in heavy pressures on the lumbar spine. Neural arch dysplasia is often ...
Aucott W - - 1989
Two patients who had undergone emergency tracheal intubation developed signs of aspiration of ingested food. Nasendoscopy demonstrated supraglottic anaesthesia which recovered from the laryngeal margins in towards the vocal cords. It is assumed that this was caused by a neuropraxia of the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve, presumably ...
van Asperen P P - - 1989
We have prospectively followed 57 children of atopic parents up to 5 years of age, documenting clinical atopic disease and allergen skin test reactions. The cumulative prevalences of the clinical features of atopic disease over the 5 years were: atopic dermatitis (58%), wheeze (49%), recurrent wheeze (33%), rhinitis (68%) and ...
Abdel-Dayem H M - - 1989
Recent studies have suggested that 99Tcm-labelled mercaptoacetyltriglycine (99Tcm-MAG3) is a potential replacement for 131I-orthoiodohippurate (131I-OIH). The two radiopharmaceuticals were studied in 19 patients with varying degrees of renal impairment, for comparison of effective renal plasma flow (ERPF). All patients were injected i.v. with 2-3 mCi 99Tcm-MAG3 and 250-300 microCi of ...
Wüthrich B - - 1989
We report on 2 patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) exacerbated by inhalant allergens: grass pollens in spring (AD as hay fever equivalent) and nonbiting red midges (chironomides) in pet fish food. These clinical observations confirm the existence of an 'extrinsic', IgE-mediated type of AD in a minority of patients, in ...
Brandi-Pifano S - - 1989
Percutaneous mitral balloon valvotomy (PMV) was performed in 10 female patients with mitral stenosis; their mean age was 31 +/- 1 years. All patients underwent echophonocardiography (Echophono) before and less than 24 hours after PMV1. Cardiac catheterization and Echophono were repeated 10 and 22 months after PMV1. Eight patients with ...
de Martino M - - 1989
In 80 preterms aged 9-24 months (mean age: 15.9) and in 80 sex- and age-matched full-terms the frequency of atopic diseases and of positive skin tests to 8 food and 6 inhalant allergens was determined. The two groups did not differ as to overall percentages of cutipositive subjects and patients ...
Lessard M R - - 1988
In many operating theatres, it is common practice to reuse disposable plastic syringes with the same needles for several injections to different patients during the same day. This practice could lead to bacterial contamination of these syringes, making them an infection hazard to patients. We did a microbiologic survey of ...
Gould E - - 1988
The lymph nodes from 50 axillary node dissections were evaluated by light microscopy and immunohistochemistry for the presence of dermatopathic lymphadenitis-like histologic features. On the basis of hematoxylin-eosin-stained sections alone, a histologic continuum was observed ranging from minimal paracortical changes to fully developed dermatopathic lymphadenitis. Twenty-three lymph node biopsies previously ...
Broadbent J B - - 1988
Initially, this article focuses on the pathogenesis of IgE-dependent immediate and late-phase responses in pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis. The article also discusses the role of food hypersensitivity as a major trigger factor exacerbating atopic dermatitis in children. Finally, consideration is given to the prevention of atopic disease through exclusive ...
Gruber E - - 1988
Due to reports of severe eye infections associated with the extended wear of soft contact lenses, this once-popular mode of contact lens wear has fallen into disrepute and been abandoned by many fitters and patients. Recently, an extended wear disposable contact lens was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug ...
Burks A W - - 1988
Forty-six patients with atopic dermatitis ranging from mild to severe were evaluated for food hypersensitivity with double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. Twenty-eight (61%) patients had a positive prick skin reaction to one of the foods tested. Sixty-five food challenges were performed; 27 (42%) were interpreted as positive in 15 (33%) patients. ...
de Boer E M - - 1988
Metalworkers exposed to metalworking fluids often encounter dermatological problems. In an epidemiological study of 286 metalworkers, 14% had dermatitis. Of these, 21 (54%) presented with the clinical appearance of dyshidrotic eczema. 3 out of these 21 operators had positive patch test reactions, 1 to nickel and 2 to formaldehyde and ...
Yellowlees P M - - 1988
The hypothesis that patients with anorexia nervosa exaggerate the perceived size of food was tested. Video recordings of five items of food and four neutral objects of a similar size were made such that the size of each object increased steadily from half to twice its normal size. Each of ...
Gohdes D - - 1988
Diet therapy for minority diabetic patients must be directed to NIDDM, the most prominent form of diabetes in minority populations. Diet programs must be tailored to the cultural framework, and traditional foods with desirable characteristics can be encouraged. To teach patients about diet, educators must use educational techniques appropriate to ...
Dieterich M - - 1988
The clinical practice of advising patients to increase their daily fluid intake after lumbar puncture in order to increase CSF production by re-hydration and thus try to prevent post-lumbar puncture headache (PLPH) has not yet been shown to be effective. In 100 patients the different effects of re-hydration on the ...
Aucoin E J - - 1987
Management of pruritus ani rests on a few basic principles. The first and foremost is to listen to the patient and accept how uncomfortable and even disabling this common disorder can be. Such causes as parasites, diarrhea, trauma, hemorrhoids, and fistulas must be accurately diagnosed and treated. Contributing factors, such ...
Mattes R D - - 1987
Aversions that form towards foods after their ingestion has been associated with illness are termed learned food aversions (LFA). This adverse treatment side effect has been implicated in the anorexia of cancer and can compromise the quality of patients' lives. In an attempt to block the formation or ameliorate the ...
Gan S L - - 1987
The prevalence of occupational skin disease was found to be 3.8% in a study of 479 sanders in the furniture-making industry in Singapore. 17 species of wood imported from South East Asia were used. The most common dermatoses from wood dust were pruritus (1.6%), irritant contact dermatitis (1.6%) and xerosis ...
Matis W L - - 1987
Indirect immunofluorescence (IF) to detect pemphigus and pemphigoid autoantibodies is commonly performed with monkey esophagus (ME) as substrate and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) as a diluent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate comparative IF titers using human skin (HS) as substrate with variations in the buffers employed. Substrates (ME ...
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