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Results 351 - 400 of 532
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Iida S - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Clinical symptoms of patients with food-sensitive atopic dermatitis often improve with increasing age. OBJECTIVE: To investigate this tendency and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: We selected and divided 194 food-sensitive atopic dermatitis patients into three age groups. The proliferative responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) to food antigens and ...
Rani R - - 1995
HLA-DPB1 alleles were studied in 51 normal individuals and 93 leprosy patients from North India using a PCR-oligotyping technique. Hybridization patterns could identify 47 alleles of which 20 were found in the population studied. DPB1*0401 was found to be the most frequent allele with a frequency of 66.7% followed by ...
Beisenherz C - - 1995
It is pretty easy to feel useful in a situation like this. The refugees are grateful for any help. Sometimes I miss the direct patient contact, but someone has to do the organising. To be honest--I enjoy the challenge. I wake up full of energy every morning, and when I ...
Sampson H A - - 1995
Ingested food antigens rapidly cross the gastrointestinal barrier and reach pro-inflammatory cells in the skin. Food allergy provokes urticaria/angioedema by classical, Type I, IgE-mediated hypersensitivity. Food-induced atopic dermatitis is the result of non-classical, IgE-directed hypersensitivity involving resident mast cells, Langerhans cells, CD4+, TH2 lymphocytes and monocytes. A form of gluten ...
SzczepaƄski M - - 1995
The level of interleukin-2 (IL-2) in the blood serum in 28 patients with different degree of skin lesions severity of food sensitive atopic dermatitis (AD), was studied. The level of interleukin-2 in the serum from patients with AD was significantly higher than those of healthy children, especially in patients with ...
Karet F E - - 1994
The consumption of tyramine-containing foods is contraindicated in patients on classic monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors. We report successful therapeutic use of moclobemide (a MAO-A selective inhibitor) plus controlled amounts of Bovril (a tyramine-rich yeast-extract available as a food) in a patient with pure central autonomic failure who was rendered bed-bound ...
Volicer L - - 1994
Effects of sertraline on the affect and food refusal of patients with advanced dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT are reported. Out of 10 patients with depressed affect, sertraline improved affect in eight. Six of these patients were also refusing food, and sertraline diminished food refusal in five of them. ...
Morren M A - - 1994
Atopic dermatitis is a hereditary disorder, frequently associated with allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma. The disease may be influenced by many triggering factors such as irritants, aeroallergens, food, microbial organisms, sex hormones, stress factors, sweating, and climatologic factors. Moreover, it is important to be aware of contact allergy as a ...
Hsu-Hage B H BH Monash University, Department of Medicine, Victoria 3168, - - 1994
An effective public health approach to cardiovascular disease prevention should be one which gives the general public alternatives in choice when fat, salt and sugar are reduced in the diet. Fat, salt and sugar are nutrients which can be found in various foods. Public health educators convert these nutrients into ...
Morsy T A - - 1994
Dermatitis or inflammation of the skin caused by an outside agent, is a condition with many causes. It may result from direct irritation of the skin by a substances (chemical or insecticide) or it may be an allergic reaction to a particular substance that has been in contact with the ...
Steinman H A - - 1994
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic and disabling condition that has a major impact on financial and social resources of the individual and the community. Its incidence is increasing dramatically, and no cure is available. Pharmacological treatment is only partially effective. The evidence that diet plays a role in children ...
Wang M C MC School of Public Health, University of California, - - 1994
During the last decade, childhood obesity has been on the increase in Singapore and many newly industrialized Asian countries. We compared the mean body mass index (BMI) and triceps skinfold (TSF) values, as well as the dietary and physical activity patterns of Singaporean Chinese and Chinese American youths. Chinese Americans ...
Warner J A - - 1994
Peripheral blood mononuclear cell proliferative responses and interferon-gamma production to anti-CD3, cat fur extract, betalactoglobulin and ovalbumin were determined at birth in a group of 34 babies born to families where at least one parent was atopic. The development of atopic eczema with positive allergy skin-prick tests to cows' milk ...
Jergas M - - 1994
In 100 patients (20 male, 80 female) radiographs of the lumbar spine were obtained in both planes, anteroposterior and lateral. Nine readers independently and without specific criteria or training assessed the radiographs for presence of osteopenia in the form of a binary decision. A posteranterior dual x-ray absorptiometry (PA DXA) ...
Gallai V - - 1994
Recent research has shown that magnesium levels in serum, salivary secretions and red blood cells are reduced in migraine patients with and without aura, both ictally and interictally. This suggests that lower magnesium levels can contribute to the etiopathogenetic mechanisms underlying migraine attacks. It has been suggested that mononuclear magnesium ...
Nensel U - - 1994
The aim of the study was to compare under in vivo conditions the new polyamide (Polyflux 160, Gambro) and cuprammonium-rayon dialyzers (AM-FP-17, Asahi; Clirans SE15NL, Terumo) with the polysulfone dialyzer (F60, Fresenius) regarding their permeability for beta-2-microglobulin (11.8 kD), retinol binding protein (21 kD), alpha-1-microglobulin (26.7 kD), alpha-1-glycoprotein (41 kD), ...
Jolanki R - - 1994
Dermatitis caused by exposure to epoxy resin compounds was observed in the 1950s, shortly after epoxy resins were introduced. Following a description of the chemistry and the use of epoxy compounds, the authors discuss delayed and immediate allergic epoxy dermatitis and irritant epoxy dermatitis as well as factors such as ...
Chessick R D - - 1994
The development of two general points of view regarding what brings about change in psychoanalytic treatment is traced in this article. One set of conceptions emphasizes interpretation, especially of the transference, and historical or narrative reconstruction. The other set emphasizes the experiential and transactional aspects of a new and better ...
Kondo N - - 1994
N(3',4'-dimethoxycinnamoyl) anthranilic acid (Tranilast) inhibits antibody-mediated hypersensitivity reactions, and is an effective drug for patients with bronchial asthma or allergic rhinitis. Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production of ovalbumin (OA)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from hen's egg-sensitive patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) was significantly higher than those of healthy controls. Tranilast inhibited ...
Formisano R - - 1993
The frequency of prolonged muscular flaccidity (PMF) was examined in a series of stroke patients in chronic phase suffering from hemiplegia with minimal spontaneous recovery (MSR). The results indicated that in such a population with poor motor recovery, PMF was significantly more frequent than spasticity. PMF was found to be ...
Satoh K - - 1993
Reduction of the prominent zygomata is occasionally required in aesthetic surgery in Oriental patients. Two approaches to surgical exposure are commonly used; one is oral and the other is coronal. In addition, there are two basic surgical concepts of reduction malar-bone plasty; one is thinning and chiseling the prominent area, ...
Kondo N - - 1993
Although some patients with food-sensitive atopic dermatitis exhibit allergic symptoms to certain raw foods, they do not exhibit or scarcely exhibit allergic symptoms to boiled or cooked foods. In this study, although peripheral blood mononuclear cells responded to raw food antigens (ovalbumin or bovine serum albumin), the proliferative responses of ...
Pardoe E M - - 1993
A multistage dysphagia diet was developed by the nutrition and the speech-language pathology sections of an inpatient rehabilitation unit to meet a growing need for a diet that would allow dysphagic patients to eat safely and to progress to a wider variety of foods as their swallowing function improved. The ...
Hageman M J - - 1993
In a prospective study, 443 patients referred for double-contrast barium enema examination were allocated to one of four regimens consisting of either 24 or 48 hours of clear liquids in combination with a cathartic laxative (magnesium sulfate), an irritant laxative (bisacodyl), and hydration. One regimen from each time group included ...
Kidd K D - - 1993
The philosophy of maximizing patient comfort and enhancing quality of life impacts on all aspects of foodservice in an inpatient hospice setting. The foodservice department's focus in the palliative care environment is to meet patients' physical, psychological, and social needs. The menu incorporates variety and comfort foods to meet the ...
Sampson H A - - 1992
Although immune dysfunction is known to play an integral role in the development of atopic dermatitis, no clear delineation of the underlying pathogenic mechanism(s) responsible for this disorder has been proposed. Several factors are known to trigger flares of atopic dermatitis. In the extrinsic form of this disorder, food and ...
Ferguson J W - - 1992
An investigation was undertaken to assess the reliability of radiographic diagnosis of abnormalities of orthodontic significance in the anterior region of the maxilla from intraoral and dental panoramic tomograph (DPT) views. DPT films of 200 patients were scrutinised by two observers on two separate occasions, who also examined intraoral radiographs ...
Pipko D J - - 1992
This technique affords a simplified alternative to more complicated and expensive treatment of periodontically compromised teeth. It provides the patient with an extended-term prosthesis attached to a single or multiple retained canine. A disadvantage of this technique is that poor hygiene may result in caries or further periodontal breakdown. The ...
Tosti A - - 1992
Chronic paronychia is a condition that is pathologically characterized by spongiotic inflammation; it can be exacerbated by various and concomitant factors. The aim of this study was to assess whether chronic paronychia in food handlers may have clinical, pathologic, and immunohistochemical similarities with immediate contact dermatitis caused by foods. Twenty ...
Madhok R - - 1992
To compare 'Asian' and 'non-Asian' patients' experience of and satisfaction with non-clinical aspects of their hospital care, and to evaluate the effect of subsequent provision of 'Asian' food, we undertook interview surveys of recently discharged adult patients in Middlesbrough. Fifty-two 'Asians' and 52 'non-Asians' matched for sex, age, specialty of ...
Gulya A J - - 1992
Aspartame is a low-calorie food sweetener recently approved by the FDA for general human consumption. One of us (AJG) treated a patient whose symptoms of episodic vertigo and continuous unsteadiness resolved upon ceasing aspartame intake. A literature review revealed that although dizziness has been associated with aspartame intake, no systematic ...
Berryman A A - - 1992
The era of cheap fossil fuels is nearing its end. industrial, agricultural and human pollutants have reached alarming levels in water, soil, air and stratosphere. Consumers no longer tolerate poisons in their food and water, are now concerned with global warming and ozone depletion, and value fields and forests for ...
Black W B - - 1992
A description is given for the fabrication of a stable, versatile surgical obturator prosthesis for the dentate patient. The wrought wire and acrylic resin prosthesis is based on the swinglock concept and allows for simple transition from wire-retained to removable obturation early in patient recovery. By using such a prosthesis, ...
Benjamin B - - 1992
One-hundred-and-fifty-seven children admitted with brucellosis at Abha, Saudi Arabia, were studied prospectively. Ninety-two per cent gave a history of animal contact, usually with sheep or goats, or ingesting raw milk, milk products, or raw liver. Three-quarters of the patients had an acute or subacute presentation with diverse symptomatology: fever (100 ...
Kanerva L - - 1992
A nonatopic female secretary developed hand dermatitis after 1 year of full-time work with telefax paper. Her dermatitis improved on sick leave and vacation and relapsed at work. Patch testing showed allergic reactions to several fragrances, balsam of Peru, colophony and neomycin. In 3 patch test sessions, her own telefax ...
Daly N - - 1992
A new proximal osteotomy for hallux valgus correction, which has several advantages, is presented. These advantages include good stability; ease of rigid, two-point internal fixation; accurate, reproducible correction of the intermetatarsal angle; minimal shortening or elevation of the metatarsal; and early weightbearing. Preliminary results on 12 feet of 12 patients ...
Ryöppy S - - 1992
The exceptionally high prevalence of diastrophic dysplasia in Finland has enabled us to analyse the foot deformities of 102 patients at their first orthopaedic evaluation and classify 204 feet into five categories. The most common finding (43%) was a foot with tarsal valgus deformity and metatarsus adductus; 37% showed either ...
Agata H - - 1992
The proliferative responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to food antigens in 22 patients with food sensitive atopic dermatitis were significantly higher than the responses of healthy children and food sensitive children with immediate symptoms. Moreover, the activity of interleukin-2 (IL-2) in supernatants of food antigen stimulated PBMC cultures ...
Rosen R H - - 1992
Five hundred and seventy patients with occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) were seen between 1984 and 1990 at the Skin and Cancer Foundation in Sydney. Data derived from these patients demonstrated that hairdressing, food, construction and the medical industries were the most at risk of OCD. The hairdressing and food industries ...
Oranje A P - - 1992
In atopic dermatitis [AD], not only food consumption, but direct skin-contact too can provoke hypersensitivity reactions. We imitated food immediate-contact hypersensitivity [FICH] to cow's milk, egg, peanut or soy by a skin provocation test. This skin application food test [SAFT] was applied in 91 patients aged up to 5 years ...
Sampson H A - - 1992
Food hypersensitivity is reported to play an immunopathogenic role in atopic dermatitis in approximately one-third of children. In 320 selected children with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis, 63% of children were found to have food hypersensitivity by double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. Both IgE-mediated mast cell and mononuclear cell activation appear ...
Corli O - - 1992
Although it is commonly accepted that advanced cancer patients often suffer from malnutrition, there is little information available to quantify the extent of undernourishment and variations in food intake during the last weeks of life. To assess these factors, we developed a new method for measuring daily food intake, based ...
Uehara M - - 1992
Radioallergosorbent tests (RASTs) with five common foods were performed in 183 patients with atopic dermatitis. The results showed that about half of the patients had type I allergy to at least one of the five foodstuffs. The RAST results correlated roughly to the severity of dermatitis. In each group of ...
Gstoettner W - - 1992
On the basis of 79 patients with cochlear hearing loss, the statistical distribution of two criteria commonly used in auditory brainstem response audiometry (ABR) was analyzed: the interaural V latency difference (ILD V) and the interaural difference of I-V interpeak interval (ID I-V). The distribution of both criteria was Gaussian. ...
Freeman S - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To show that prick testing (using fresh samples of the food suspected from the patient's history) and not only patch testing is the appropriate investigation in selected cases of hand dermatitis in patients who spend considerable time handling foods (for example, catering workers, cooks). SETTING: The Contact and Occupational ...
Eastlack M E - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to determine the interrater reliability of videotaped observational gait-analysis (VOGA) assessments. Fifty-four licensed physical therapists with varying amounts of clinical experience served as raters. Three patients with rheumatoid arthritis who demonstrated an abnormal gait pattern served as subjects for the videotape. The raters analyzed ...
Mah J - - 1991
Foot deformity in Apert syndrome is very characteristic and predictable. Progressive synostosis occurs on what is presumably an unsegmented cartilaginous mass. The first ray shortens with medial deviation of the great toe, secondary to growth abnormality and a delta phalanx. The two phalanx digits characteristically go on to fusion, with ...
Fritschy D - - 1991
Discoid meniscus is uncommon and usually affects the lateral meniscus. We present 16 patients (8 male and 6 female) with tears of a discoid lateral meniscus occurring in 1800 arthroscopies. We carried out an arthroscopic partial meniscectomy leaving an intact peripheral rim. This is biomechanically satisfactory and the early results ...
Van Enoo R E - - 1991
Partial tibial sesamoidectomy or sesamoid planing is an alternative to complete sesamoidectomy or nonoperative maintenance of a plantar keratosis. It can be performed through a very small incision and is a relatively uncomplicated, yet effective, procedure for relieving the effects of abnormal shearing forces from a prominent or malpositioned medial ...
Bossert S - - 1991
The effects of 19 meals of different caloric content on slides on palatability and hypothetical duration of consumption were investigated in 7 patients with anorexia nervosa, 17 patients with bulimia nervosa at the beginning and after 8 weeks of hospital treatment. Nine healthy females served as controls. At the beginning ...
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