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Results 301 - 350 of 560
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Newell D H - - 2002
Food impaction occasionally occurs in interproximal sites even though the contacts are tight. In this study of 14 patients with food impaction involving tight contacts, the lack of adequate food escape grooves was common to all 14 sites. Uneven marginal ridges and prominent opposing cusps were less common and, together, ...
Aresery Matthew - - 2002
The spectrum of occupational diseases most commonly seen in the food industry includes occupational asthma, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, dermatitis, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Occupational asthma represents between 3% and 20% of all asthma cases and is the most common form of occupational lung disease. Occupational skin diseases may represent between 10% and ...
Levin C - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Topical corticoids are used to treat irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) in humans. However, their clinical efficacy remains sub judice. This study was designed to assess the efficacy of low- and medium-potency corticosteroids on irritant dermatitis. METHODS: We induced an acute ICD via open application of sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) ...
Cox-Reijven P L - - 2001
Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) has been advocated as a tool to assess fluid status in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, uncertainty remains about the reliability of BIS in patients with abnormalities in fluid status. Aims of the study are to assess the agreement between total-body water (TBW) and extracellular volume (ECW) measured ...
Hillier A - - 2001
In humans, allergies to foods are known to induce skin lesions in some patients with atopic dermatitis. This is particularly evident in infants with severe atopic dermatitis. Food allergy in humans is an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity in most cases, and thus has the same (or very similar) pathogenic mechanism of disease ...
Olivry T - - 2001
For decades, the dogma that environmental allergens trigger cutaneous inflammation led to the denomination of canine atopic dermatitis as "allergic inhalant dermatitis". Definitive proof for a respiratory route of allergen challenge is lacking, however. Recent observations suggest, in fact, that skin inflammation could occur because of epidermal allergenic contact. The ...
Atherton D J - - 2001
Irritant diaper dermatitis (IDD) is a common condition caused by the combination of wearing diapers, and incontinence of urine and faeces. The available evidence suggests that maceration of the stratum corneum by water increases susceptibility to frictional damage, and epidermal permeation of irritants. The most important irritants underlying IDD appear ...
Salam T N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Positive patch tests to balsam of Peru (BOP) or fragrance mix (FM) suggest the possibility of systemic contact dermatitis from balsam-related foods and spices. OBJECTIVE: This was a retrospective study to determine whether avoidance of balsam-related foods results in an improvement of dermatitis in these patients. METHODS: A review ...
Oshikawa K - - 2001
SETTING: Several reports have shown that tuberculous infection elicits a Th1-like immune response with increased levels of IFN-gamma. Recently, expression of CD26 on CD4+ lymphocytes has been shown to correlate with the production of Th1-like cytokines. We therefore hypothesized that CD26 expression might increase in tuberculous pleural effusion, and might ...
Kato S - - 2001
The copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase (CCS) interacts with Cu/Zn-binding superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) specifically and delivers copper to SOD1. To determine the role of the CCS-SOD1 interaction in the pathogenesis of SOD1-mutated familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) patients, we produced an affinity-purified rabbit antibody against CCS and investigated the ...
Ehlers I - - 2001
Patients with atopic dermatitis frequently blame food for worsening their eczema. Recently, a sugar-free diet has become very popular among German patients. In order to investigate whether sucrose is an aggravating factor in atopic dermatitis, we conducted a prospective study in 30 patients. Double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges with sugar were ...
Farrell R J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Most large published series on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are multicentre-based and consequently reflect varying experience. AIMS: To assess morbidity and mortality rates of ERCP in a single tertiary referral centre. METHODS: A series of 1,758 consecutive ERCPs performed in 1,148 patients between 1991 and 1994 were reviewed to ...
Masuda A - - 2001
Hyperbaric oxygen was given to a patient with anorexia nervosa who had developed postoperative ileus, resulting in not only improvement in ileus, but also enhancement of intestinal movement, inducing the feeling of hunger, and thereby increasing food ingestion. Hyperbaric oxygen may be effective as an initial treatment for anorectic patients ...
Phillips R H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: When standard triple therapy fails to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, quadruple 'rescue' therapy is often used which, in Europe, generally comprises colloidal bismuth subcitrate (CBS) based triple therapy and a proton pump inhibitor. Since hypochlorhydria could greatly increase absorption of the toxic bismuth ion from CBS, we investigated the bismuth ...
Barth G A - - 2001
There is only restricted information about the nutritional behavior of adult patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). Our purpose was to evaluate the food intake in a series of patients with AD with particular consideration of self-reported food intolerance. Particular attention was paid to the risks of nutrient deficiencies. We examined ...
Wakelin S H - - 2001
Contact urticaria has been reported following skin contact with a multitude of substances ranging from simple chemicals to macromolecules. Its prevalence amongst the general population is unknown, but it may be a relatively common and under-recognized phenomenon. Non-immunological (irritant) causes typically elicit mild localized reactions, which clear within hours. Such ...
Worm M - - 2001
Recently, we identified a subgroup of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) with a clinical relevant food intolerance proven by double blind placebo controlled challenge. In search of possible pathomechanisms involved in this food intolerance, which leads to aggravation of the disease, the aim of the present study was to determine ...
Bartuzi Z - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Evaluating the profile of selected cytokines in patients with food allergy and chronic gastritis. Cytokines are produced by many cells and they play a role of mediators in the development of local and systemic inflammatory reaction. The aim of the study was to determine serum concentrations of IL-4, IL-5, ...
Hill D J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the association of high levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitization to foods and the presence of atopic dermatitis (judged by reported topical steroid use during the first 16 months of life) in a birth cohort of 620 Australian children "at risk" of allergic disease because of ...
Grady R W - - 2000
The single-stage reconstructive approach to exstrophy evolved out of changes in the management of exstrophy. The success of Jeffs and others that functionally reconstructed the bladder of patients with exstrophy demonstrated that the approach was feasible and acceptable. Increased understanding of the anatomic pathology associated with exstrophy and epispadias resulted ...
Filippelli M - - 2000
In patients with COPD, flow limitation (FL) predicts chronic exertional dyspnoea (CED) better than routine spirometry. Whether, and to what extent, FL and CED are overlapping quantities in chronic asthma has not yet been defined. Forty consecutive clinically stable asthmatic patients without smoking history or cardiopulmonary disorders, were studied. In ...
Mayers J D - - 2000
Dietary therapy is a critical component of the hemodialysis prescription. The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate and describe the lived experience of dietary restrictions in English-speaking, West Indian (WI) adults on maintenance hemodialysis. A phenomenological approach using open-ended interviewing strategies was employed. The sample consisted of five ...
van Deth R - - 2000
Although anorexia nervosa emerged as a new syndrome in the second half of the 19th century, this clinical picture seemed to be unknown in the psychiatric hospitals or asylums. In asylum medicine, the commonly used concept of sitophobia to designate food refusal in the insane covered a wide variety of ...
Knighton J D - - 2000
We conducted a postal questionnaire survey of the members of the Vascular Anasthesia Society of Great Britain and Ireland, asking questions about the provision of anasthesia for carotid endartectomy. Of 215 respondents, 187 were currently providing anasthesia for carotid endarterectomy. The majority of respondents (69%) always use general anasthesia for ...
Nesher G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the contribution of dietary components in triggering the attacks of palindromic rheumatism (PR), and the effect of dietary manipulation on the frequency and severity of PR attacks. METHODS: Sixteen patients (10 males, 6 females) were diagnosed as having PR during 1994-8 in one center. Their mean age ...
Murray I A - - 2000
Trehalose is a disaccharide, the main dietary source being mushrooms. It has been approved as an additive in the preparation of dried food. Isolated intestinal trehalase deficiency is found in 8% of Greenlanders, but is rare elsewhere. The normal range of trehalase activity and the incidence of isolated trehalase deficiency ...
Sacco D J - - 2000
The ability to perform a 'selective' dorsal rhizotomy has been challenged. EMG responses are inconsistent and often do not represent reflex responses. We perform nonselective partial dorsal rhizotomy (NSPDR) when reflex response is not evident. Ten children undergoing primarily NSPDR were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively with the Modified Ashworth Scale, ...
Samochocki Z - - 2000
Prognostication of the course of atopic dermatitis (AD) is of special importance in prophylaxis of this disease. The aim of the study was to describe the AD minor feature sets, according to Hanifin and Rajka, on the basis of which one can predict the occurrence of extensive skin lesions, allergic ...
Sorbi D - - 1999
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Significant portions of the cost and complications of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) are related to sedation. This study aimed to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and accuracy of unsedated small-caliber transoral EGD (sc-EGD). METHODS: A 4-phase study was performed in healthy volunteers and patients. Phases 1 and 2 involved assessment ...
Majamaa H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of allergic intestinal inflammation in infants with food allergy and atopic eczema before and after elimination diet, and to evaluate the use of eosinophil protein X (EPX) and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) in the monitoring of inflammatory activity. METHODS: ...
Bradburn Y - - 1999
Malnutrition among renal patients has been widely documented and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Advances in dialysis technology and transplantation have helped to increase patient long-term survival, and as more elderly patients commence dialysis programs, the problem of malnutrition is escalating. Hospitalized renal patients are at a greater ...
Ohri-Vachaspati P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Poor appetite is an important barrier to adequate nutrition among hemodialysis patients. We sought to determine the relationship between overall appetite and (1) patient demographic and medical characteristics and (2) appetite for specific foods. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: All 22 chronic hemodialysis units in northeast Ohio. PATIENTS: Two hundred ...
Schneider L C - - 1999
This article reviews information on the topics of asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, food allergy, and upper respiratory infections. The asthma section includes a review of inhaled steroids and their potential side effects. New findings on the pathogenesis, triggers, and therapies of atopic dermatitis and new insights into food hypersensitivity ...
Kumar A - - 1999
Protein contact dermatitis (PCD) in food handlers is caused by a type I allergy to foods. We report a 17-year-old meat sorter who presented with hand dermatitis. Patch tests with the standard series were negative. Prick testing was positive with lamb liver, ox liver and a mixture of lamb and ...
Bednarik J - - 1999
We studied the association between spondylotic cervical myelopathy (SCM) and median nerve mononeuropathy (MNM) and examined the validity of the double-crush hypothesis. Sixty consecutive patients with clinically overt spondylotic cervical myelopathy were examined by means of nerve conduction studies, electromyography, and median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials; the frequency of the ...
Bruze M - - 1999
Until recently, gold allergy was considered to be extremely rare. Gold has been used and worshipped for thousands of years without any obvious complaints of skin problems, either in those participating in mining and other ways of prospecting, or in those wearing jewellery. When studies on contact allergy to gold ...
Parra J J Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush Medical College, Rush Epilepsy Center, and Rush-Presbyterian-Saint Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 1999
In order to determine how often results of video/EEG (V-EEG) studies may change the clinical diagnosis of paroxysmal events, we prospectively studied 100 consecutive patients (75 females, 25 males) admitted for diagnosis of recurrent paroxysmal spells. The presumed diagnosis of the referring physician was obtained. Episodes were classified as epileptic ...
Vandezande L M - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Eosinophils, mast cells and T lymphocytes are important cells in the allergic inflammatory process. These cells produce and are regulated by cytokines such as interleukin-3 (IL-3), interleukin-5 (IL-5) and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF). We initiated this study to evaluate pathological abnormalities and to detect IL-5 in ...
Davidson H I - - 1999
Anorexia in liver disease is common; however, its association with aberrant metabolism and the type of cirrhosis has not been considered. Dietary intake, nutritional status, fasting substrate oxidation, and macronutrient preference were examined in controls (n = 18) and 65 patients with hepatocellular (n = 31) or biliary cirrhosis (n ...
Eastlack J P - - 1999
Kwashiorkor is a common affliction of children worldwide. It occurs less often in developed countries, but has been reported under a variety of circumstances, including poverty, neurologic disease, and malabsorption. Because of its rare occurrence in the United States and because the affected child has an edematous rather than wasted ...
Hennein H A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with the production of both proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines, the balance of which leads to varying degrees of postoperative systemic inflammation. Arteriovenous modified ultrafiltration effectively reduces total body water and improves postoperative hemodynamic and homeostatic functions. Venovenous modified ultrafiltration is a modification of this technique, ...
Sperling W - - 1999
RATIONALE: The atypical neuroleptic clozapine induces specific electroencephalogram changes, which have not been investigated using the technique of magnetoencephalography (MEG). OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated whether spontaneous magnetoencephalographic (MEG) activity in patients treated with clozapine differs from that in patients treated with haloperidol and untreated control subjects. METHODS: A 2 ...
Fowler J F JF - - 1999
To evaluate the potential for elicitation of allergic contact dermatitis from contact with standing water in the environment, 26 persons known to be allergic to hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] were exposed to 25 to 29 mg/L Cr(VI) by immersion of one arm for 30 minutes per day on 3 consecutive days ...
Zic J A - - 1999
Photopheresis or extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) is a novel immunomodulatory therapy based upon pheresis of light-sensitive cells. Whole blood is removed from patients who have previously ingested the photosensitizing agent 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) followed by leukapheresis and exposure of the 8-MOP containing white blood cells (WBCs) extracorporeally to an ultraviolet A (UVA) ...
Freehafer A A - - 1998
Considerable independence can be achieved by four simple operations that can be done for patients with tetraplegia. Transfers for wrist extension were done 17 times. Posterior deltoid transfers were done 59 times. Opponens transfers were done 112 times. Transfers for finger flexion were done 88 times. Opponens and finger flexion ...
Arkwright P D - - 1998
The role of food allergens in triggering atopic eczema remains controversial. Certain foods can cause acute hypersensitivity reactions, which are more common in atopic individuals, but this does not necessarily imply that these allergens cause or trigger eczema. This article discusses the evidence for and against dietary intervention as a ...
Resano A - - 1998
In order to determine the importance of food sensitization in the etiopathogenesis of atopic dermatitis, we performed a study on 74 patients who fulfilled a previously suggested diagnosis criteria. Of these patients, 17.5% presented allergic rhinitis and 62.2% had associated bronchial asthma. We found that in 64.9% of the patients ...
Chan E F - - 1998
Cutaneous reactions to foods and spices occur in both the workplace and at home in those who grow, handle, prepare, or cook food. As spices are also used in cosmetics and perfumes other exposures are found. Several patterns have been described upon contact with food including irritant contact dermatitis, allergic ...
Accominotti M - - 1998
Nickel ingestion can cause exacerbation of dermatitis in patients who are already nickel-sensitive; Chromium (Cr VI) is the 2nd allergen, after nickel. However, stainless steel is widely used in home cookware. In this study, we determined nickel and chromium levels by atomic absorption spectrometry in 11 habitual menus cooked in ...
Rubel D M - - 1998
Farm workers handling animal feeds are exposed to a variety of chemicals, some of which may cause allergic contact dermatitis. A case of allergy to ethoxyquin (a preservative added to chicken feed to inhibit vitamin degradation) in a chicken farmer is presented. Although the offending allergen was identified in this ...
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