Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 542
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Hill D J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the association of high levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitization to foods and the presence of atopic dermatitis (judged by reported topical steroid use during the first 16 months of life) in a birth cohort of 620 Australian children "at risk" of allergic disease because of ...
Grady R W - - 2000
The single-stage reconstructive approach to exstrophy evolved out of changes in the management of exstrophy. The success of Jeffs and others that functionally reconstructed the bladder of patients with exstrophy demonstrated that the approach was feasible and acceptable. Increased understanding of the anatomic pathology associated with exstrophy and epispadias resulted ...
Filippelli M - - 2000
In patients with COPD, flow limitation (FL) predicts chronic exertional dyspnoea (CED) better than routine spirometry. Whether, and to what extent, FL and CED are overlapping quantities in chronic asthma has not yet been defined. Forty consecutive clinically stable asthmatic patients without smoking history or cardiopulmonary disorders, were studied. In ...
Mayers J D - - 2000
Dietary therapy is a critical component of the hemodialysis prescription. The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate and describe the lived experience of dietary restrictions in English-speaking, West Indian (WI) adults on maintenance hemodialysis. A phenomenological approach using open-ended interviewing strategies was employed. The sample consisted of five ...
van Deth R - - 2000
Although anorexia nervosa emerged as a new syndrome in the second half of the 19th century, this clinical picture seemed to be unknown in the psychiatric hospitals or asylums. In asylum medicine, the commonly used concept of sitophobia to designate food refusal in the insane covered a wide variety of ...
Knighton J D - - 2000
We conducted a postal questionnaire survey of the members of the Vascular Anasthesia Society of Great Britain and Ireland, asking questions about the provision of anasthesia for carotid endartectomy. Of 215 respondents, 187 were currently providing anasthesia for carotid endarterectomy. The majority of respondents (69%) always use general anasthesia for ...
Nesher G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the contribution of dietary components in triggering the attacks of palindromic rheumatism (PR), and the effect of dietary manipulation on the frequency and severity of PR attacks. METHODS: Sixteen patients (10 males, 6 females) were diagnosed as having PR during 1994-8 in one center. Their mean age ...
Murray I A - - 2000
Trehalose is a disaccharide, the main dietary source being mushrooms. It has been approved as an additive in the preparation of dried food. Isolated intestinal trehalase deficiency is found in 8% of Greenlanders, but is rare elsewhere. The normal range of trehalase activity and the incidence of isolated trehalase deficiency ...
Sacco D J - - 2000
The ability to perform a 'selective' dorsal rhizotomy has been challenged. EMG responses are inconsistent and often do not represent reflex responses. We perform nonselective partial dorsal rhizotomy (NSPDR) when reflex response is not evident. Ten children undergoing primarily NSPDR were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively with the Modified Ashworth Scale, ...
Samochocki Z - - 2000
Prognostication of the course of atopic dermatitis (AD) is of special importance in prophylaxis of this disease. The aim of the study was to describe the AD minor feature sets, according to Hanifin and Rajka, on the basis of which one can predict the occurrence of extensive skin lesions, allergic ...
Sorbi D - - 1999
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Significant portions of the cost and complications of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) are related to sedation. This study aimed to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and accuracy of unsedated small-caliber transoral EGD (sc-EGD). METHODS: A 4-phase study was performed in healthy volunteers and patients. Phases 1 and 2 involved assessment ...
Majamaa H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of allergic intestinal inflammation in infants with food allergy and atopic eczema before and after elimination diet, and to evaluate the use of eosinophil protein X (EPX) and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) in the monitoring of inflammatory activity. METHODS: ...
Bradburn Y - - 1999
Malnutrition among renal patients has been widely documented and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Advances in dialysis technology and transplantation have helped to increase patient long-term survival, and as more elderly patients commence dialysis programs, the problem of malnutrition is escalating. Hospitalized renal patients are at a greater ...
Ohri-Vachaspati P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Poor appetite is an important barrier to adequate nutrition among hemodialysis patients. We sought to determine the relationship between overall appetite and (1) patient demographic and medical characteristics and (2) appetite for specific foods. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: All 22 chronic hemodialysis units in northeast Ohio. PATIENTS: Two hundred ...
Schneider L C - - 1999
This article reviews information on the topics of asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, food allergy, and upper respiratory infections. The asthma section includes a review of inhaled steroids and their potential side effects. New findings on the pathogenesis, triggers, and therapies of atopic dermatitis and new insights into food hypersensitivity ...
Kumar A - - 1999
Protein contact dermatitis (PCD) in food handlers is caused by a type I allergy to foods. We report a 17-year-old meat sorter who presented with hand dermatitis. Patch tests with the standard series were negative. Prick testing was positive with lamb liver, ox liver and a mixture of lamb and ...
Bednarik J - - 1999
We studied the association between spondylotic cervical myelopathy (SCM) and median nerve mononeuropathy (MNM) and examined the validity of the double-crush hypothesis. Sixty consecutive patients with clinically overt spondylotic cervical myelopathy were examined by means of nerve conduction studies, electromyography, and median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials; the frequency of the ...
Parra J - - 1999
In order to determine how often results of video/EEG (V-EEG) studies may change the clinical diagnosis of paroxysmal events, we prospectively studied 100 consecutive patients (75 females, 25 males) admitted for diagnosis of recurrent paroxysmal spells. The presumed diagnosis of the referring physician was obtained. Episodes were classified as epileptic ...
Bruze M - - 1999
Until recently, gold allergy was considered to be extremely rare. Gold has been used and worshipped for thousands of years without any obvious complaints of skin problems, either in those participating in mining and other ways of prospecting, or in those wearing jewellery. When studies on contact allergy to gold ...
Vandezande L M - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Eosinophils, mast cells and T lymphocytes are important cells in the allergic inflammatory process. These cells produce and are regulated by cytokines such as interleukin-3 (IL-3), interleukin-5 (IL-5) and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF). We initiated this study to evaluate pathological abnormalities and to detect IL-5 in ...
Davidson H I - - 1999
Anorexia in liver disease is common; however, its association with aberrant metabolism and the type of cirrhosis has not been considered. Dietary intake, nutritional status, fasting substrate oxidation, and macronutrient preference were examined in controls (n = 18) and 65 patients with hepatocellular (n = 31) or biliary cirrhosis (n ...
Eastlack J P - - 1999
Kwashiorkor is a common affliction of children worldwide. It occurs less often in developed countries, but has been reported under a variety of circumstances, including poverty, neurologic disease, and malabsorption. Because of its rare occurrence in the United States and because the affected child has an edematous rather than wasted ...
Hennein H A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with the production of both proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines, the balance of which leads to varying degrees of postoperative systemic inflammation. Arteriovenous modified ultrafiltration effectively reduces total body water and improves postoperative hemodynamic and homeostatic functions. Venovenous modified ultrafiltration is a modification of this technique, ...
Sperling W - - 1999
RATIONALE: The atypical neuroleptic clozapine induces specific electroencephalogram changes, which have not been investigated using the technique of magnetoencephalography (MEG). OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated whether spontaneous magnetoencephalographic (MEG) activity in patients treated with clozapine differs from that in patients treated with haloperidol and untreated control subjects. METHODS: A 2 ...
Fowler J F JF - - 1999
To evaluate the potential for elicitation of allergic contact dermatitis from contact with standing water in the environment, 26 persons known to be allergic to hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] were exposed to 25 to 29 mg/L Cr(VI) by immersion of one arm for 30 minutes per day on 3 consecutive days ...
Zic J A - - 1999
Photopheresis or extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) is a novel immunomodulatory therapy based upon pheresis of light-sensitive cells. Whole blood is removed from patients who have previously ingested the photosensitizing agent 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) followed by leukapheresis and exposure of the 8-MOP containing white blood cells (WBCs) extracorporeally to an ultraviolet A (UVA) ...
Freehafer A A - - 1998
Considerable independence can be achieved by four simple operations that can be done for patients with tetraplegia. Transfers for wrist extension were done 17 times. Posterior deltoid transfers were done 59 times. Opponens transfers were done 112 times. Transfers for finger flexion were done 88 times. Opponens and finger flexion ...
Arkwright P D - - 1998
The role of food allergens in triggering atopic eczema remains controversial. Certain foods can cause acute hypersensitivity reactions, which are more common in atopic individuals, but this does not necessarily imply that these allergens cause or trigger eczema. This article discusses the evidence for and against dietary intervention as a ...
Resano A - - 1998
In order to determine the importance of food sensitization in the etiopathogenesis of atopic dermatitis, we performed a study on 74 patients who fulfilled a previously suggested diagnosis criteria. Of these patients, 17.5% presented allergic rhinitis and 62.2% had associated bronchial asthma. We found that in 64.9% of the patients ...
Chan E F - - 1998
Cutaneous reactions to foods and spices occur in both the workplace and at home in those who grow, handle, prepare, or cook food. As spices are also used in cosmetics and perfumes other exposures are found. Several patterns have been described upon contact with food including irritant contact dermatitis, allergic ...
Accominotti M - - 1998
Nickel ingestion can cause exacerbation of dermatitis in patients who are already nickel-sensitive; Chromium (Cr VI) is the 2nd allergen, after nickel. However, stainless steel is widely used in home cookware. In this study, we determined nickel and chromium levels by atomic absorption spectrometry in 11 habitual menus cooked in ...
Rubel D M - - 1998
Farm workers handling animal feeds are exposed to a variety of chemicals, some of which may cause allergic contact dermatitis. A case of allergy to ethoxyquin (a preservative added to chicken feed to inhibit vitamin degradation) in a chicken farmer is presented. Although the offending allergen was identified in this ...
Kam W K - - 1998
This paper discusses two Chinese anorexic patients with contrasting clinical presentations. Notwithstanding their difference with respect to the presence of the intense fear of becoming fat, their food refusal might arise from a similar sense of powerlessness which exaggerated rigid self-control and hampered self-definition at a critical phase of personal ...
Zareba W - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to evaluate area-derived parameters of repolarization dispersion in LQTS patients and their unaffected family members and to use this analysis to challenge the concept of dispersion of repolarization in surface ECG. The area under the curve between the J point and the next P ...
Wüthrich B - - 1998
The skin is the most frequently affected target organ in allergy or intolerance of food and food additives. The most common manifestation is acute urticaria (with or without angioedema), accounting for 40-60% of patients with IgE-mediated food allergy, whereas food additives rather aggravate chronic urticaria (intolerance provocation). The role of ...
Burks A W - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of food hypersensitivity in atopic dermatitis and to determine whether patients with atopic dermatitis who had food hypersensitivity could be identified by screening prick skin tests using a limited number of food allergens. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with atopic dermatitis attending the Arkansas Children's Hospital Pediatric ...
Fiebiger E - - 1998
Anti-FcepsilonRIalpha autoantibodies (autoAbs) occur and may be of pathogenetic relevance in a subset of chronic urticaria (CU) patients. To analyze the prevalence and magnitude of the humoral anti-FcepsilonRIalpha response in cohorts of CU patients compared with individuals suffering from classic skin- related (auto)immune diseases, we developed an ELISA system for ...
Mizuno-Matsumoto Y - - 1997
The relationships of background EEG to epileptiform discharge development were studied in 9 epileptic patients having generalized spike and wave complexes (SWCs) with a maximum at the frontal location on either side. The instantaneous power spectrum of EEGs at F3, F4, C3, C4, P3, P4, O1, O2, T3 and T4 ...
Hjorther A B - - 1997
A 56-year-old man, working in a food processing factory, developed contact dermatitis of his hands, forearms, and face after the introduction of a new herb extract (Rosmanox) made from the leaves of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis). He reacted to carnosol, the main constituent of Rosmanox. 226 controls were negative. To our ...
Hanifin J M - - 1997
The subject of allergic causation of atopic dermatitis (AD) has been a source of controversy for over sixty years. While there is general agreement of allergen-induced asthma and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, AD lesions cannot be readily or consistently induced by foods and inhalants. The most consistent perturbators of atopic conditions are ...
Eddy J T - - 1997
S. boulardii has been investigated in Europe and the US, and preliminary reports indicate that it is safe and effective in conjunction with vancomycin or metronidazole for the treatment of CDC, predominantly in patients who develop recurrence. S. boulardii in combination with vancomycin or metronidazole has not been shown to ...
Bond A P - - 1997
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method is described for the measurement of kinin formation in synovial fluid from patients with rheumatoid and osteoarthritis (RA and OA). Basal kinin concentrations were less than 6 ng/ml in synovial fluid collected in the presence of inhibitors of kinin forming (kininogenase) and kinin metabolising (kininase) ...
Boyd I L - - 1997
Recent measurements of remarkable dive performances in oceanic seabirds and marine mammals suggest the use of a range of physiological and behavioural adaptations for the parsimonious use of oxygen. Access to food at different depths may be directly related to the duration of the breath-hold, and several physiological strategies may ...
Pirkis J E - - 1997
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of contact dermatitis among pig feed handlers, explore the association with exposure to in-feed antibiotics, and determine farmers' awareness of product safety information. One representative from each piggery in Queensland's Wide Bay Burnett Region was interviewed by telephone. Just over 21% of respondents ...
Wu W - - 1997
A dermatitis characterised by discrete, raised, plaque-like and cracked skin lesions of variable sizes on the udder, the hind quarters, the lips and muzzle of all the cows in a herd was suspected of being caused by the oat straw used in bedding, after initial feed analysis and skin culture ...
Nenoff P - - 1997
The in vitro antifungal activity of the new hydroxypyridone antimycotic rilopirox has been evaluated against 29 separate clinical isolates of Malassezia (M.) furfur obtained from patients with pityriasis versicolor, seborrhoeic dermatitis or dandruff. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of rilopirox were measured by the agar dilution technique and, in comparison, by ...
Oelrichs P B - - 1997
Native cashew (Semecarpus australiensis) is a well-known food source for aboriginal people of northeastern Queensland and the Northern Territory. It is also well known that contact with the seeds at a certain stage of growth can cause sever dermatitis in susceptible individuals. To prepare the fruits for eating, they are ...
Shorofsky S R - - 1996
Minimizing defibrillation thresholds is important to allow for implantation of downsized pulse generators with reduced outputs while maintaining an adequate defibrillation safety margin. Recent studies have demonstrated a significant reduction in monophasic defibrillation thresholds with a transvenous lead when the polarity was reversed (proximal coil = cathode). However, conflicting data ...
Rivkin RB - - 1996
Models of biogenic carbon (BC) flux assume that short herbivorous food chains lead to high export, whereas complex microbial or omnivorous food webs lead to recycling and low export, and that export of BC from the euphotic zone equals new production (NP). In the Gulf of St. Lawrence, particulate organic ...
Hardy M A - - 1996
Water, absorbed through bathing, will hydrate skin but will rapidly be lost to evaporation unless a topical occlusive agent is applied to prevent moisture loss through the skin. The frequency of bathing (at least 5 times or more weekly) is more important than the mode of bathing (tub vs. shower) ...
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