Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 532
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Kugelman Amir - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has a significant role as a final rescue modality in severe respiratory failure of the newborn with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The objective of this study was to compare the efficiency of venovenous (VV) versus venoarterial (VA) ECMO in newborns with CDH. METHODS: A retrospective ...
Stanga Z - - 2003
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Most hospitalised patients are dependent on hospital food for their nutritional requirements. We surveyed hospitalised patients to obtain their opinions of hospital food in order to improve menu planning and food delivery. METHODS: Three hundred and seventeen questionnaires were distributed to patients on an oral diet in ...
Barbosa-Silva Maria Cristina G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition is characterized by changes in cellular membrane integrity and alterations in fluid balance, both of which can be detected by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). We investigated whether BIA-measured variables could detect malnutrition, as defined by the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), in preoperative surgical patients. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated ...
Bonnel Renan A - - 2003
A total of 26 postmarketing cases of allergic contact dermatitis to doxepin 5% cream were reported to the Food and Drug Administration. Our findings suggest that allergic contact dermatitis was more common when treatment duration exceeded the recommended 8 days. Allergic contact dermatitis to doxepin cream should be considered in ...
Uenishi Toshiaki - - 2003
Although it is well known that patients with atopic dermatitis often show unpredictable, irregular aggravation of skin lesions, there are no previously published studies examining trigger factors for such unpredictable aggravation. We investigated whether foods play a role in the unpredictable, irregular worsening of atopic dermatitis. The patient group included ...
Wintzen M - - 2003
Atopic dermatitis is often complicated by allergic contact dermatitis, although patch testing may reveal positive reactions of uncertain relevance. We report a case of a 35-year-old woman with recalcitrant atopic dermatitis, with a positive patch-test reaction to Compositae mix (CM). Initially, sensitization appeared to be of past relevance only, due ...
Choi Suk-Jin - - 2003
Atopic dermatitis (AD), with the prevalence rate of around 10 to 15%, is characterized by an intensely pruritic skin lesions with typical distribution and morphology. Recently, AD is divided into extrinsic type (ADe) and intrinsic type (ADi) according to the laboratory findings and associated diseases. ADe is well-known for high ...
Khatri Ismat A - - 2003
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients develop chronic lung infections associated with airway obstruction by viscous and insoluble mucus secretions. Although mucus glycoproteins (mucins) are thought to be responsible for mucus plugs, other glycoconjugate components of airway secretions have not been systematically evaluated. The aim of the present study was to determine ...
Monfrecola G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Our surroundings are full of non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation (EMR) of different frequency and power. The non-ionizing EMRs emitted by television, computer and cellular phone (CF) sets have been increasing over the past few years. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the effects of non-ionizing EMRs (frequency ...
Mortz Charlotte Gotthard - - 2003
The prevalence of Type I sensitization and its relationship to atopic dermatitis were assessed in a cohort of 1501 8th grade schoolchildren (aged 12-16) in Odense, Denmark. The protocol included a questionnaire, a clinical examination, IgE measurements and skin prick tests. A history of atopic dermatitis was found in 21.3%, ...
Köhler Elke - - 2003
This study was conducted to compare pulmonary deposition following inhalation with an ultrasonic and a jet nebulizer in CF patients under conditions relevant to practice. The marker substance used to estimate the relative lung bioavailability was sodium cromoglycate (SCG), which is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, but is completely ...
Thompson Trevor R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The 1994-1996 North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG) patch test results were the first, since the inception of the NACDG in 1970, to include results from a medium-sized metropolitan city in the Midwest. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether the causative allergens of allergic contact ...
Xu Rui - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To study the concentration, distribution and expression of IL-5 in nasal polyp tissues and explore its significance in micro-environment differentiation of eosinophil accumulation. METHODS: The concentration and expression of IL-5 in nasal polyp tissues of 40 patients were determined by ELISA and immunohistochemistry and inferior turbinate mucosa from patients ...
Miraglia del Giudice M M - - 2002
Over the last few decades, the prevalence of atopic dermatitis has been increasing from 2% to 100%, with 90% of cases within 5 years of age versus 6% between 6 and 10 years and 2% after 10 years, and environmental factors may possibly play an important role in this increase ...
Ayaki Masahiko - - 2002
In the last two decades, atopic dermatitis (AD) has been of increasing clinical significance in Japan. Eight-20% of patients with AD developed progressive cataracts (cataract-AD) and lens epithelial cells (LECs) were severely damaged. Lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF) is a newly isolated survival factor. In the presence of LEDGF, LECs ...
Ellman Lisa K - - 2002
There is an impression that children today are experiencing allergic reactions to an increasing variety of foods. We compared two separate groups of children and young adults with atopic dermatitis evaluated a decade apart and found no difference in sensitization rates or overall clinical reactivity to a variety of foods. ...
Hasuike Yukiko - - 2002
Carbamylation requires isocyanic acid derived from urea. Carbamylation of hemoglobin (Hb) produces carbamylated Hb (carbHb), which could serve as a marker of posttranslational protein modification possibly associated with such uremic complications as atherosclerosis. Since relative carbHb levels are determined by mean urea concentration and duration of exposure, they could be ...
Masumi S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if mandibular motion measurements could be used to distinguish between common temporomandibular disorder (TMD) subgroups that were established on the basis of only clinical signs and symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: Patients were 41 consecutive TMD clinic patients (31 women and 10 men). ...
Bauer Andrea - - 2002
Data about the impact of allergic contact dermatitis in food processing occupations are scarce. The objective of this study was to identify the most frequent allergens and sensitization profiles in employees of the food processing industry. The results of patch testing performed in 873 bakers, cooks and butchers suspected of ...
Savi L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The role of foods as headache precipitants is still matter of debate. Several studies reported that dietary constituents may precipitate migraine attacks. Some authors reported that also tension type headache attacks may be provoked by foods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of foods as ...
Le Coz Christophe-J - - 2002
We report 6 cases of allergic contact dermatitis of the eyelids due to mascara. Allergy occurred in women aged 17-34 years, between September 1999 and June 2001. The main ingredient responsible for allergy was shellac, which gave positive patch test reactions in 5/5 patients. This resinous substance is mainly used ...
Ather M Hammad - - 2002
Objective of this study is to determine the difference in early peri-operative morbidity of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) and if it is combined with inguinal hernia repair and mechanical and/or pneumatic fragmentation of bladder calculus. All patients undergoing TURP, cystolitholapaxy (CLL), inguinal hernia repair (IHR) or any combination between ...
Newell D H - - 2002
Food impaction occasionally occurs in interproximal sites even though the contacts are tight. In this study of 14 patients with food impaction involving tight contacts, the lack of adequate food escape grooves was common to all 14 sites. Uneven marginal ridges and prominent opposing cusps were less common and, together, ...
Aresery Matthew - - 2002
The spectrum of occupational diseases most commonly seen in the food industry includes occupational asthma, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, dermatitis, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Occupational asthma represents between 3% and 20% of all asthma cases and is the most common form of occupational lung disease. Occupational skin diseases may represent between 10% and ...
Levin C - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Topical corticoids are used to treat irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) in humans. However, their clinical efficacy remains sub judice. This study was designed to assess the efficacy of low- and medium-potency corticosteroids on irritant dermatitis. METHODS: We induced an acute ICD via open application of sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) ...
Cox-Reijven P L - - 2001
Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) has been advocated as a tool to assess fluid status in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, uncertainty remains about the reliability of BIS in patients with abnormalities in fluid status. Aims of the study are to assess the agreement between total-body water (TBW) and extracellular volume (ECW) measured ...
Hillier A - - 2001
In humans, allergies to foods are known to induce skin lesions in some patients with atopic dermatitis. This is particularly evident in infants with severe atopic dermatitis. Food allergy in humans is an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity in most cases, and thus has the same (or very similar) pathogenic mechanism of disease ...
Olivry T - - 2001
For decades, the dogma that environmental allergens trigger cutaneous inflammation led to the denomination of canine atopic dermatitis as "allergic inhalant dermatitis". Definitive proof for a respiratory route of allergen challenge is lacking, however. Recent observations suggest, in fact, that skin inflammation could occur because of epidermal allergenic contact. The ...
Atherton D J - - 2001
Irritant diaper dermatitis (IDD) is a common condition caused by the combination of wearing diapers, and incontinence of urine and faeces. The available evidence suggests that maceration of the stratum corneum by water increases susceptibility to frictional damage, and epidermal permeation of irritants. The most important irritants underlying IDD appear ...
Salam T N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Positive patch tests to balsam of Peru (BOP) or fragrance mix (FM) suggest the possibility of systemic contact dermatitis from balsam-related foods and spices. OBJECTIVE: This was a retrospective study to determine whether avoidance of balsam-related foods results in an improvement of dermatitis in these patients. METHODS: A review ...
Oshikawa K - - 2001
SETTING: Several reports have shown that tuberculous infection elicits a Th1-like immune response with increased levels of IFN-gamma. Recently, expression of CD26 on CD4+ lymphocytes has been shown to correlate with the production of Th1-like cytokines. We therefore hypothesized that CD26 expression might increase in tuberculous pleural effusion, and might ...
Kato S - - 2001
The copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase (CCS) interacts with Cu/Zn-binding superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) specifically and delivers copper to SOD1. To determine the role of the CCS-SOD1 interaction in the pathogenesis of SOD1-mutated familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) patients, we produced an affinity-purified rabbit antibody against CCS and investigated the ...
Ehlers I - - 2001
Patients with atopic dermatitis frequently blame food for worsening their eczema. Recently, a sugar-free diet has become very popular among German patients. In order to investigate whether sucrose is an aggravating factor in atopic dermatitis, we conducted a prospective study in 30 patients. Double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges with sugar were ...
Farrell R J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Most large published series on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are multicentre-based and consequently reflect varying experience. AIMS: To assess morbidity and mortality rates of ERCP in a single tertiary referral centre. METHODS: A series of 1,758 consecutive ERCPs performed in 1,148 patients between 1991 and 1994 were reviewed to ...
Masuda A - - 2001
Hyperbaric oxygen was given to a patient with anorexia nervosa who had developed postoperative ileus, resulting in not only improvement in ileus, but also enhancement of intestinal movement, inducing the feeling of hunger, and thereby increasing food ingestion. Hyperbaric oxygen may be effective as an initial treatment for anorectic patients ...
Phillips R H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: When standard triple therapy fails to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, quadruple 'rescue' therapy is often used which, in Europe, generally comprises colloidal bismuth subcitrate (CBS) based triple therapy and a proton pump inhibitor. Since hypochlorhydria could greatly increase absorption of the toxic bismuth ion from CBS, we investigated the bismuth ...
Barth G A - - 2001
There is only restricted information about the nutritional behavior of adult patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). Our purpose was to evaluate the food intake in a series of patients with AD with particular consideration of self-reported food intolerance. Particular attention was paid to the risks of nutrient deficiencies. We examined ...
Wakelin S H - - 2001
Contact urticaria has been reported following skin contact with a multitude of substances ranging from simple chemicals to macromolecules. Its prevalence amongst the general population is unknown, but it may be a relatively common and under-recognized phenomenon. Non-immunological (irritant) causes typically elicit mild localized reactions, which clear within hours. Such ...
Worm M - - 2001
Recently, we identified a subgroup of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) with a clinical relevant food intolerance proven by double blind placebo controlled challenge. In search of possible pathomechanisms involved in this food intolerance, which leads to aggravation of the disease, the aim of the present study was to determine ...
Bartuzi Z - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Evaluating the profile of selected cytokines in patients with food allergy and chronic gastritis. Cytokines are produced by many cells and they play a role of mediators in the development of local and systemic inflammatory reaction. The aim of the study was to determine serum concentrations of IL-4, IL-5, ...
Hill D J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the association of high levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitization to foods and the presence of atopic dermatitis (judged by reported topical steroid use during the first 16 months of life) in a birth cohort of 620 Australian children "at risk" of allergic disease because of ...
Grady R W - - 2000
The single-stage reconstructive approach to exstrophy evolved out of changes in the management of exstrophy. The success of Jeffs and others that functionally reconstructed the bladder of patients with exstrophy demonstrated that the approach was feasible and acceptable. Increased understanding of the anatomic pathology associated with exstrophy and epispadias resulted ...
Filippelli M - - 2000
In patients with COPD, flow limitation (FL) predicts chronic exertional dyspnoea (CED) better than routine spirometry. Whether, and to what extent, FL and CED are overlapping quantities in chronic asthma has not yet been defined. Forty consecutive clinically stable asthmatic patients without smoking history or cardiopulmonary disorders, were studied. In ...
Mayers J D - - 2000
Dietary therapy is a critical component of the hemodialysis prescription. The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate and describe the lived experience of dietary restrictions in English-speaking, West Indian (WI) adults on maintenance hemodialysis. A phenomenological approach using open-ended interviewing strategies was employed. The sample consisted of five ...
van Deth R - - 2000
Although anorexia nervosa emerged as a new syndrome in the second half of the 19th century, this clinical picture seemed to be unknown in the psychiatric hospitals or asylums. In asylum medicine, the commonly used concept of sitophobia to designate food refusal in the insane covered a wide variety of ...
Knighton J D - - 2000
We conducted a postal questionnaire survey of the members of the Vascular Anasthesia Society of Great Britain and Ireland, asking questions about the provision of anasthesia for carotid endartectomy. Of 215 respondents, 187 were currently providing anasthesia for carotid endarterectomy. The majority of respondents (69%) always use general anasthesia for ...
Nesher G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the contribution of dietary components in triggering the attacks of palindromic rheumatism (PR), and the effect of dietary manipulation on the frequency and severity of PR attacks. METHODS: Sixteen patients (10 males, 6 females) were diagnosed as having PR during 1994-8 in one center. Their mean age ...
Murray I A - - 2000
Trehalose is a disaccharide, the main dietary source being mushrooms. It has been approved as an additive in the preparation of dried food. Isolated intestinal trehalase deficiency is found in 8% of Greenlanders, but is rare elsewhere. The normal range of trehalase activity and the incidence of isolated trehalase deficiency ...
Sacco D J - - 2000
The ability to perform a 'selective' dorsal rhizotomy has been challenged. EMG responses are inconsistent and often do not represent reflex responses. We perform nonselective partial dorsal rhizotomy (NSPDR) when reflex response is not evident. Ten children undergoing primarily NSPDR were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively with the Modified Ashworth Scale, ...
Samochocki Z - - 2000
Prognostication of the course of atopic dermatitis (AD) is of special importance in prophylaxis of this disease. The aim of the study was to describe the AD minor feature sets, according to Hanifin and Rajka, on the basis of which one can predict the occurrence of extensive skin lesions, allergic ...
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