Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 519
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Jesenák Milos - - 2006
Atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS) is one of the most common chronic allergic diseases in children. Among the allergens found to be relevant in AEDS, aeroallergens and food allergens are the most important. The exposure of these patients to their relevant protein allergens can trigger an exacerbation or maintain the disease. ...
Kawaguchi Takumi - - 2006
Loss of appetite is frequently seen and is a main factor affecting quality of life (QOL) in patients with advanced cancer. The etiology for loss of appetite in patients with cancer is multifactorial. The sensory properties of food are factors regulating appetite. Changes in taste, smell and texture of foods ...
Worm Margitta - - 2006
Many factors may aggravate atopic dermatitis. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of atopic dermatitis in an unselected population sample and to evaluate the role of food allergy. Patients with atopic dermatitis were recruited from the population in Berlin, Germany, using a postal questionnaire. Skin prick ...
Kitaichi Nobuyoshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder that often involves some ophthalmic features. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine that is associated with the generation of cell-mediated immune responses. Although serum MIF levels may be elevated in severe atopic dermatitis, ...
Sugimoto M - - 2005
Spontaneous and 2,4,6-trinitrochlorobenzene (TNCB)-induced dermatitis models using NC/Nga mice have been recognized as animal models of atopic dermatitis. We reported that scratching behavior leads to dermatitis in a spontaneous dermatitis but not in a TNCB-induced dermatitis. Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) suppressed the scratching behavior of NC/Nga mice, suggesting that PGD2 plays ...
Sakaguchi Shigeko - - 2005
Esophageal cancer is the 6th most common cancer in the world, and genetic factors (p53 mutations) in addition to the environmental factors (food, nutrition, smoking, drinking, etc.) are involved in its development. In this study, the association between the both factors, environmental risk factors for esophageal cancer and p53 mutations, ...
Attia Peter - - 2005
Elimination of regulatory T lymphocytes may provide a way to break self-tolerance and unleash the anti-tumor properties of circulating lymphocytes. The use of fusion proteins, which link cytotoxic molecules to receptor targets, provides one approach to this problem. This study examined the ability of a fusion protein of interleukin-2 (IL-2) ...
Law Simon K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of an automatic switch of a large number of patients with glaucoma or suspicion of glaucoma from latanoprost to bimatoprost, and to compare the efficacy of the 2 prostaglandin analogs before and after the switch. DESIGN: Retrospective nonrandomized comparison. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-three thousand four hundred forty-one ...
Kokubun Masae - - 2005
BACKGROUND: C reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A (SAA) are similarly sensitive indicators of inflammation, but discrepancies are recognized in several disease conditions. SAA levels are generally higher and vary more among individuals. The significance of the SAA/CRP ratio was evaluated in the estimation of SAA. METHODS: Sera of ...
Marks R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Asthma, eczema and hay fever are the classical manifestations of atopic disease. Geographic tongue (benign migratory glossitis) has also been reported to be a manifestation. Anecdotally, atopic people frequently report irritation of the tongue by heat and certain foods, which may be more common than realized. OBJECTIVES: To determine ...
Miller Keith L - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) as a predictor of radiation therapy-induced lung injury (RTLI). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The 6MWT is a simple, economical, and reproducible test that measures both how far a person can walk in 6 min and any associated changes in vital signs. As part ...
El-Bahnasawy Magdy S - - 2005
PURPOSE: The inconsistency of urodynamic characteristics among patients with similar, well detubularized urinary reservoirs together with the persistence of nocturnal incontinence in almost a third of such patients has motivated many groups to study in depth the inherent physiological characters of the intestinal segments used. One of the most critical ...
Asadi-Pooya Ali Akbar - - 2005
PURPOSE: It is the responsibility of physicians and nurses to provide patients and their families with appropriate information. In the study described here, we attempted to identify nurses' and physicians' beliefs about and experience with the need for specific dietary restrictions in patients with epilepsy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was ...
Sato Shunichi - - 2005
This multicenter study compared the effects of branched-chain amino acid granules (Livact((R)) Granules, LIV) and an enteral nutrient for chronic hepatic failure (Aminoleban((R)) EN, EN) on serum albumin in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis. This study enrolled "patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis associated with hepatic encephalopathy who were suffering from ...
Soma Yoshinao - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Certain moisturizers can improve skin barrier function in atopic dermatitis. The effect of topical nicotinamide on atopic dry skin is unknown. We examined the effect of topical nicotinamide on atopic dry skin and compared the results with the effect of white petrolatum in a left-right comparison study. METHODS: Twenty-eight ...
Lindahl Michaela G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify patient history intake questions common to four fields of medicine--allopathic, naturopathic, chiropractic, and Traditional Chinese Medicine for potential development of an Integrative Patient History Intake Tool. DESIGN: A two-round modified Delphi technique was utilized to generate expert consensus among Oregon healthcare practitioners on the importance of specific ...
Brunnekreef Jaap J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, visual gait observation is often used to determine gait disorders and to evaluate treatment. Several reliability studies on observational gait analysis have been described in the literature and generally showed moderate reliability. However, patients with orthopedic disorders have received little attention. The objective of this study ...
Cvetkovski R S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies indicate that occupational hand eczema (OHE) often is associated with persistent dermatitis and prolonged sick leave, which may lead to unemployment. Previous studies suggest that OHE caused by allergic contact dermatitis and atopic dermatitis (AD) carries the worst prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the severity and ...
Lempinen Marko - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Trypsinogen activation is thought to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis (AP). Our aim was to characterize the very early sequential changes of trypsinogen-1, trypsinogen-2, the trypsin-2-alpha1-antitrypsin complex (T2-AAT), and pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI) in serum from patients with pancreatitis induced by endoscopic retrograde ...
Müller-Lissner Stefan A - - 2005
AIM: Some people believe that chocolate and other foods or beverages may cause constipation. This study was undertaken to quantify the effect of potentially constipating foods and beverages on apparently healthy and constipated populations of German individuals. METHODS: A questionnaire asking for the effect of certain foods and beverages on ...
Kaufmann Roland - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Data on the efficacy of pimecrolimus cream 1% within the first days of treatment are scarce, as in previous studies, the first postbaseline assessment was performed only after 1 week. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the onset of action of pimecrolimus cream 1% in infants with mild to very ...
Hill D J - - 2004
Atopic dermatitis is common in infancy. The role of food allergy in atopic dermatitis of infancy is unclear. We examined the relationship between atopic dermatitis and immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy in infancy. A birth cohort of 620 infants with a family history of eczema, asthma, hayfever or immediate food ...
Werfel Thomas - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergy and atopic dermatitis often occur in the same patient. Based on clinical data from the past few decades, it is clear that foods such as cow's milk and hen's eggs can directly provoke flares of atopic dermatitis particularly in sensitized infants, whereas inhaled allergens and ...
Oh Jae-Won - - 2004
Little is known about the prevalence of atopic dermatitis and food allergy outside North America and Europe. We evaluated the prevalence of atopic dermatitis and food allergy with the comparison of prevalence between 1995 and 2000 in Korea and evaluated the correlation of prevalence between atopic dermatitis and food allergy. ...
MacDonald D B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare P37 derivation optimization to Cz'-FPz. METHODS: After induction in 120 patients, monitoring derivations optimized by mapping FPz, Cz, Cz', Pz, C4', C2', C1' and C3'-mastoid to determine the P37 and N37 maximums for use as inputs 1 and 2 were compared to Cz'-FPz. This was repeated later ...
Williams Ruth - - 2004
Hospitalization and cancer therapy can contribute to decreased food intake in children and adolescents with cancer, making it a challenge to meet their nutritional needs. The affect of hospitalization and the eating environment for pediatric oncology patients has not been studied very well, and the effect of altering the social ...
Smith T A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The food industry has been associated with a high risk of work-related skin problems. Aim To examine the incidence of work-related skin conditions and the likely causative agents in a single large food company. METHOD: Analysis of a health surveillance programme, conducted over a 7 year period, in a ...
Rancé Fabienne - - 2004
The atopy patch test (APT) is a valuable additional tool in the diagnosis of food allergies in children with atopic dermatitis (AD). Nevertheless, this technique needs to be standardized, and this is particularly true for the occlusion time. We compared the results obtained after a 24-h occlusion period with those ...
Gern James E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Exposure to furred pets might confer protection against the development of allergic sensitization through a mechanism that is incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of pet exposure and genotype on immunologic development and the incidence of atopic markers and diseases in the ...
Brancaccio Ronald R - - 2004
Contact allergies to foods, spices, and food additives can occur to individuals in the workplace or at home. Seven different reaction types have been described. These include irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, contact urticaria, protein contact dermatitis, phototoxic contact dermatitis, photo-allergic contact dermatitis, and systemic contact dermatitis. The causes ...
Do Carmo Luiz Simeão - - 2004
In the summer of 1998, approximately 8000 individuals gathered to celebrate a Catholic priest's ordination in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Within hours of food consumption, 4000 patients experienced acute gastroenteritis, and approximately 2000 (50%) overwhelmed Emergency Departments of 26 local hospitals. Of the triaged patients, 396 ( approximately 20%) required subsequent ...
Bozkurt A Kursat - - 2004
The hemorheologic abnormalities were studied in patients suffering from thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) and compared findings with those of patients suffering from critical limb ischemia because of peripheral atherosclerotic obstructive disease (PAOD) and the healthy subjects. This prospective study included 20 patients with TAO, 20 patients with PAOD, and 20 healthy ...
Akazome Yoko - - 2004
Apples contain many kinds of polyphenols, and the main components are oligomeric procyanidins. Applephenon is apple polyphenol extract produced commercially from unripe apples, and has been used as food additive in order to prevent oxidation of components in foods and its application in functional foods is expected. In a lipid ...
Sethi Sunil - - 2003
A total of 400 serum samples collected from patients, clinically suspected of leptospirosis, were evaluated for antibodies by LEPTO dipstick and microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Twenty of these patients (5%) had serological evidence of leptospirosis. Leptospira interrogans serovars Autumnalis and Icterohaemorrhagiae, Canicola and Javanica were serogroups recorded serologically. Fever and ...
Aalto-Korte Kristiina - - 2003
Bisphenol A is used as an antioxidant in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics and as an inhibitor of end polymerization in PVC. Since 1998, we have investigated 4 cases of contact allergy from bisphenol A in PVC gloves. Only the case of the first patient, a packer in the food industry, ...
Heller Markus O - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM: High tibial osteotomies attempt to recreate physiologically normal joint loading. Previous studies have discussed the influence of mal-alignment on the distribution of static loads to the medial and lateral compartments of the knee. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of mal-alignment on the ...
Kim Won-Oak - - 2003
Gustatory hyperhidrosis is facial sweating usually associated with the eating of hot spicy food or even smelling this food. Current options of treatment include oral anticholinergic drugs, the topical application of anticholinergics or aluminum chloride, and the injection of botulinum toxin. Thirteen patients have been treated to date with 1.5% ...
Kugelman Amir - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has a significant role as a final rescue modality in severe respiratory failure of the newborn with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The objective of this study was to compare the efficiency of venovenous (VV) versus venoarterial (VA) ECMO in newborns with CDH. METHODS: A retrospective ...
Stanga Z - - 2003
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Most hospitalised patients are dependent on hospital food for their nutritional requirements. We surveyed hospitalised patients to obtain their opinions of hospital food in order to improve menu planning and food delivery. METHODS: Three hundred and seventeen questionnaires were distributed to patients on an oral diet in ...
Barbosa-Silva Maria Cristina G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition is characterized by changes in cellular membrane integrity and alterations in fluid balance, both of which can be detected by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). We investigated whether BIA-measured variables could detect malnutrition, as defined by the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), in preoperative surgical patients. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated ...
Bonnel Renan A - - 2003
A total of 26 postmarketing cases of allergic contact dermatitis to doxepin 5% cream were reported to the Food and Drug Administration. Our findings suggest that allergic contact dermatitis was more common when treatment duration exceeded the recommended 8 days. Allergic contact dermatitis to doxepin cream should be considered in ...
Uenishi Toshiaki - - 2003
Although it is well known that patients with atopic dermatitis often show unpredictable, irregular aggravation of skin lesions, there are no previously published studies examining trigger factors for such unpredictable aggravation. We investigated whether foods play a role in the unpredictable, irregular worsening of atopic dermatitis. The patient group included ...
Wintzen M - - 2003
Atopic dermatitis is often complicated by allergic contact dermatitis, although patch testing may reveal positive reactions of uncertain relevance. We report a case of a 35-year-old woman with recalcitrant atopic dermatitis, with a positive patch-test reaction to Compositae mix (CM). Initially, sensitization appeared to be of past relevance only, due ...
Choi Suk-Jin - - 2003
Atopic dermatitis (AD), with the prevalence rate of around 10 to 15%, is characterized by an intensely pruritic skin lesions with typical distribution and morphology. Recently, AD is divided into extrinsic type (ADe) and intrinsic type (ADi) according to the laboratory findings and associated diseases. ADe is well-known for high ...
Khatri Ismat A - - 2003
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients develop chronic lung infections associated with airway obstruction by viscous and insoluble mucus secretions. Although mucus glycoproteins (mucins) are thought to be responsible for mucus plugs, other glycoconjugate components of airway secretions have not been systematically evaluated. The aim of the present study was to determine ...
Monfrecola G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Our surroundings are full of non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation (EMR) of different frequency and power. The non-ionizing EMRs emitted by television, computer and cellular phone (CF) sets have been increasing over the past few years. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the effects of non-ionizing EMRs (frequency ...
Mortz Charlotte Gotthard - - 2003
The prevalence of Type I sensitization and its relationship to atopic dermatitis were assessed in a cohort of 1501 8th grade schoolchildren (aged 12-16) in Odense, Denmark. The protocol included a questionnaire, a clinical examination, IgE measurements and skin prick tests. A history of atopic dermatitis was found in 21.3%, ...
Köhler Elke - - 2003
This study was conducted to compare pulmonary deposition following inhalation with an ultrasonic and a jet nebulizer in CF patients under conditions relevant to practice. The marker substance used to estimate the relative lung bioavailability was sodium cromoglycate (SCG), which is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, but is completely ...
Thompson Trevor R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The 1994-1996 North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG) patch test results were the first, since the inception of the NACDG in 1970, to include results from a medium-sized metropolitan city in the Midwest. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether the causative allergens of allergic contact ...
Xu Rui - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To study the concentration, distribution and expression of IL-5 in nasal polyp tissues and explore its significance in micro-environment differentiation of eosinophil accumulation. METHODS: The concentration and expression of IL-5 in nasal polyp tissues of 40 patients were determined by ELISA and immunohistochemistry and inferior turbinate mucosa from patients ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >