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Results 201 - 250 of 543
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Chiu T-H - - 2006
AIM: To determine the efficacy of electrolysed oxidizing (EO) water in inactivating Vibrio parahaemolyticus on kitchen cutting boards and food contact surfaces. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cutting boards (bamboo, wood and plastic) and food contact surfaces (stainless steel and glazed ceramic tile) were inoculated with V. parahaemolyticus. Viable cells of V. ...
Handscomb Lucy - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether certain aspects of tinnitus tend to trouble people even when they are not severely affected by tinnitus in many ways. METHOD: A total of 274 patients who had requested a tinnitus clinic appointment were divided into 4 categories depending on their Tinnitus Handicap Inventory scores: no ...
Wei Qingjun - - 2006
Myoga is a fragrant plant which is the special product of Japan and is cultivated throughout Japan. According to our earlier investigation (unpublished data) of myoga cultivators in Japan, 8 of 35 cultivators experienced contact dermatitis in the harvest season. The purpose of this study was to assess the allergenicity ...
Fasano Mary Beth - - 2006
Cutaneous reactions to foods represent one of the most common presentations of food allergy in children. IgE-mediated (urticaria, angioedema, flushing, pruritus), cell-mediated (contact dermatitis, dermatitis herpetiformis), mixed IgE- and cell-mediated (atopic dermatitis), and nonimmune-mediated (irritant contact dermatitis, Frey's syndrome) reactions to foods have all been reported. It is important for ...
Pagazaurtundua A - - 2006
1. The prevalence and severity of foot pad dermatitis (FPD) was examined in 359 flocks of broiler chickens comprising about 3.93 million birds produced on 91 farms and reared under 5 types of system: standard intensive, free-range, organic, systems complying with the RSPCA Freedom Food scheme, and corn-fed. 2. The ...
Helme Anne E - - 2006
Rooks (Corvus frugilegus) do not use tools, but rapidly solve tests of physical cognition. The authors tested whether rooks understand the concept of physical contact using a task comprising a clear horizontal tube containing a stick with a disk attached to it and a piece of food. The rooks chose ...
Helme Anne E - - 2006
The present study aimed to test what bonobos (Pan paniscus) understand about contact. The task consisted of a clear horizontal tube containing a piece of food and a stick with a disk attached. The bonobos chose which side to push or pull the stick for the disk to contact the ...
Itoh Teruo - - 2006
A 5-year-old female border collie presented with erythematous skin lesions at the axillae, groin, mucocutaneous junctions, and pinnae. Biopsy revealed lymphocytic interface dermatitis with hydropic degeneration of basal cells and keratinocyte apoptosis. Based on gross and histological features, diagnosis of erythema multiforme was made. The disease was resolved by treatment ...
Marczewska Agnieszka - - 2006
The dietary habits of 45 Italian patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and their spouses were investigated using the EPIC food frequency questionnaire. Average daily energy intake was similar, but PD patients consumed significantly more vegetable proteins and carbohydrates (both +18%; P = 0.01 and P = 0.001, respectively). Daily protein ...
Ledbetter Laura - - 2006
Estimates of stool output in diapers is not an appropriate guideline to use in determining fluid loss through stool. This study was conducted to determine the accuracy of the ability of the nurses (RNs) and patient care technicians (PCTs) to quantify stool volume in diapers. Size 3 diapers, baby food ...
López Juan Carlos - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Didanosine enteric-coated capsules (ddI-EC) should be taken under fasting conditions. However, the effect of food on the absorption of ddI-EC may not reduce exposure to the drug. METHOD: We performed an observational study to assess the effect on virological failure of taking ddI-EC with food. To be included, patients ...
Saour S - - 2006
Attempting to separate frozen food with a knife can result in serious injury to the hand. This injury is prevalent and is a common reason for referral to hand surgeons. Ten cases were reviewed over a 3-month period; the causative frozen food varied widely. Seven of the 10 patients required ...
Spergel Jonathan M - - 2006
Topical calcineurin inhibitors (pimecrolimus, Elidel, East Hanover, NJ; and tacrolimus, Protopic, Tokyo, Japan) have been approved for the use in atopic dermatitis since the year 2000. These compounds represent a relatively safe class of topical anti-inflammatory, nonsteroidal therapy. However, in January of 2006, the US Food and Drug Administration issued ...
Murphy Melissa Morrigan - - 2006
A relatively new EEG variant has been uncovered in the recordings of critically ill patients. This variant is known as stimulus-induced rhythmic, periodic or ictal discharges (SIRPIDs). SIRPIDs are elicited from patients when various forms of stimulation are applied. The pathophysiology of SIRPIDs is still unknown, as is the knowledge ...
Yimcharoen Panot - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Droperidol is a known effective adjunctive agent for sedation/analgesia during endoscopic procedures, particularly in patients who are difficult to sedate with narcotics and benzodiazepines alone. However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warning about potential droperidol-related fatal cardiac arrhythmias, issued in December 2001, led to concern about its safety ...
Kilic Gurkan - - 2006
We report the cases of 4-year-old identical twin sisters who presented with severe atopic dermatitis with intractable skin manifestations and multiple food allergies. Netherton syndrome (NS) (OMIM 256500) was suspected due to very high serum IgE levels, growth retardation, severe food allergies and typical hair finding (trichorrhexis invaginata). A definite ...
Haketa Tadasu - - 2006
PURPOSE: Although patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) often report impaired eating, the features of food intake difficulty have rarely been estimated. This study compared subjective difficulty in 4 categories of food intake situations among 3 subgroups of TMD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 511 TMD patients (402 women, ...
Bassetti Claudio L - - 2006
Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) is a brain enzyme, which produces prostaglandin D(2), a substance with endogenous somnogenic effects. Using a standardized protocol for immunonephelometric determination of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) L-PGDS levels, we show that CSF L-PGDS levels are significantly lower in 34 patients with excessive daytime sleepiness when compared ...
Codreanu F - - 2006
The risk of allergy to food proteins in cosmetics and topical medicinal agents is poorly evaluated. IgE dependent contact urticaria and contact dermatitis are observed. Eleven cases (7 infants and 4 women) are reported. Wheat, egg, oats, milk, peanut proteins are incriminated by prick-tests or atopy patch-tests. Cases are related ...
Auyeung Willa - - 2006
Microlevel activity time series (MLATS) data were gathered on hand contact activities of 38 children (1-6 years old) by videotaping in primarily outdoor residential environments. The videotape recordings were then translated into text files using a specialized software called VirtualTimingDevicetrade mark. Contact frequency (contacts/h), duration per contact (s/contact), and hourly ...
Licht Peter B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Compensatory sweating is a frequent side effect after thoracoscopic sympathectomy for primary hyperhidrosis. Gustatory sweating is less commonly reported. It is defined as facial sweating when eating certain foods (particularly spicy food or acidic fruits) and has no generally accepted pathophysiologic explanation. We decided to investigate this phenomenon in ...
Hansen Malene Barré - - 2006
Chromium allergy has become synonymous with Cr(VI) allergy. However, real exposure to chromium from leather products may include both Cr(III) and Cr(VI). In this study, we investigate the reactivity to both Cr(VI) and Cr(III) in consecutive patients to analyse the relation between foot eczema/leather exposure and reactivity to Cr(III). From ...
Rowlands Debra - - 2006
The objective is to evaluate and diagnose, in a controlled setting, suspected food allergy causation in patients hospitalized for management of severe, unremitting atopic dermatitis (AD). Nineteen children were hospitalized at Oregon Health and Science University with atopic dermatitis from 1986 to 2003 for food restriction, then challenge, following standard ...
Rennick Gordon J - - 2006
SUMMARY The role of food allergy in atopic dermatitis is controversial. This study presents results of skin prick tests to 31 different food allergens in a selected population of predominantly breast-fed young infants who had moderate to severe generalized atopic dermatitis. Of the 59 infants (22 female, mean age 26.5 ...
Jesenák Milos - - 2006
Atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS) is one of the most common chronic allergic diseases in children. Among the allergens found to be relevant in AEDS, aeroallergens and food allergens are the most important. The exposure of these patients to their relevant protein allergens can trigger an exacerbation or maintain the disease. ...
Kawaguchi Takumi - - 2006
Loss of appetite is frequently seen and is a main factor affecting quality of life (QOL) in patients with advanced cancer. The etiology for loss of appetite in patients with cancer is multifactorial. The sensory properties of food are factors regulating appetite. Changes in taste, smell and texture of foods ...
Worm Margitta - - 2006
Many factors may aggravate atopic dermatitis. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of atopic dermatitis in an unselected population sample and to evaluate the role of food allergy. Patients with atopic dermatitis were recruited from the population in Berlin, Germany, using a postal questionnaire. Skin prick ...
Kitaichi Nobuyoshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder that often involves some ophthalmic features. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine that is associated with the generation of cell-mediated immune responses. Although serum MIF levels may be elevated in severe atopic dermatitis, ...
Sugimoto M - - 2005
Spontaneous and 2,4,6-trinitrochlorobenzene (TNCB)-induced dermatitis models using NC/Nga mice have been recognized as animal models of atopic dermatitis. We reported that scratching behavior leads to dermatitis in a spontaneous dermatitis but not in a TNCB-induced dermatitis. Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) suppressed the scratching behavior of NC/Nga mice, suggesting that PGD2 plays ...
Sakaguchi Shigeko - - 2005
Esophageal cancer is the 6th most common cancer in the world, and genetic factors (p53 mutations) in addition to the environmental factors (food, nutrition, smoking, drinking, etc.) are involved in its development. In this study, the association between the both factors, environmental risk factors for esophageal cancer and p53 mutations, ...
Attia Peter - - 2005
Elimination of regulatory T lymphocytes may provide a way to break self-tolerance and unleash the anti-tumor properties of circulating lymphocytes. The use of fusion proteins, which link cytotoxic molecules to receptor targets, provides one approach to this problem. This study examined the ability of a fusion protein of interleukin-2 (IL-2) ...
Law Simon K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of an automatic switch of a large number of patients with glaucoma or suspicion of glaucoma from latanoprost to bimatoprost, and to compare the efficacy of the 2 prostaglandin analogs before and after the switch. DESIGN: Retrospective nonrandomized comparison. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-three thousand four hundred forty-one ...
Kokubun Masae - - 2005
BACKGROUND: C reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A (SAA) are similarly sensitive indicators of inflammation, but discrepancies are recognized in several disease conditions. SAA levels are generally higher and vary more among individuals. The significance of the SAA/CRP ratio was evaluated in the estimation of SAA. METHODS: Sera of ...
Marks R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Asthma, eczema and hay fever are the classical manifestations of atopic disease. Geographic tongue (benign migratory glossitis) has also been reported to be a manifestation. Anecdotally, atopic people frequently report irritation of the tongue by heat and certain foods, which may be more common than realized. OBJECTIVES: To determine ...
Miller Keith L - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) as a predictor of radiation therapy-induced lung injury (RTLI). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The 6MWT is a simple, economical, and reproducible test that measures both how far a person can walk in 6 min and any associated changes in vital signs. As part ...
El-Bahnasawy Magdy S - - 2005
PURPOSE: The inconsistency of urodynamic characteristics among patients with similar, well detubularized urinary reservoirs together with the persistence of nocturnal incontinence in almost a third of such patients has motivated many groups to study in depth the inherent physiological characters of the intestinal segments used. One of the most critical ...
Asadi-Pooya Ali Akbar - - 2005
PURPOSE: It is the responsibility of physicians and nurses to provide patients and their families with appropriate information. In the study described here, we attempted to identify nurses' and physicians' beliefs about and experience with the need for specific dietary restrictions in patients with epilepsy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was ...
Sato Shunichi - - 2005
This multicenter study compared the effects of branched-chain amino acid granules (Livact((R)) Granules, LIV) and an enteral nutrient for chronic hepatic failure (Aminoleban((R)) EN, EN) on serum albumin in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis. This study enrolled "patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis associated with hepatic encephalopathy who were suffering from ...
Soma Yoshinao - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Certain moisturizers can improve skin barrier function in atopic dermatitis. The effect of topical nicotinamide on atopic dry skin is unknown. We examined the effect of topical nicotinamide on atopic dry skin and compared the results with the effect of white petrolatum in a left-right comparison study. METHODS: Twenty-eight ...
Lindahl Michaela G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify patient history intake questions common to four fields of medicine--allopathic, naturopathic, chiropractic, and Traditional Chinese Medicine for potential development of an Integrative Patient History Intake Tool. DESIGN: A two-round modified Delphi technique was utilized to generate expert consensus among Oregon healthcare practitioners on the importance of specific ...
Brunnekreef Jaap J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, visual gait observation is often used to determine gait disorders and to evaluate treatment. Several reliability studies on observational gait analysis have been described in the literature and generally showed moderate reliability. However, patients with orthopedic disorders have received little attention. The objective of this study ...
Cvetkovski R S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies indicate that occupational hand eczema (OHE) often is associated with persistent dermatitis and prolonged sick leave, which may lead to unemployment. Previous studies suggest that OHE caused by allergic contact dermatitis and atopic dermatitis (AD) carries the worst prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the severity and ...
Lempinen Marko - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Trypsinogen activation is thought to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis (AP). Our aim was to characterize the very early sequential changes of trypsinogen-1, trypsinogen-2, the trypsin-2-alpha1-antitrypsin complex (T2-AAT), and pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI) in serum from patients with pancreatitis induced by endoscopic retrograde ...
Müller-Lissner Stefan A - - 2005
AIM: Some people believe that chocolate and other foods or beverages may cause constipation. This study was undertaken to quantify the effect of potentially constipating foods and beverages on apparently healthy and constipated populations of German individuals. METHODS: A questionnaire asking for the effect of certain foods and beverages on ...
Kaufmann Roland - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Data on the efficacy of pimecrolimus cream 1% within the first days of treatment are scarce, as in previous studies, the first postbaseline assessment was performed only after 1 week. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the onset of action of pimecrolimus cream 1% in infants with mild to very ...
Hill D J - - 2004
Atopic dermatitis is common in infancy. The role of food allergy in atopic dermatitis of infancy is unclear. We examined the relationship between atopic dermatitis and immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy in infancy. A birth cohort of 620 infants with a family history of eczema, asthma, hayfever or immediate food ...
Werfel Thomas - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergy and atopic dermatitis often occur in the same patient. Based on clinical data from the past few decades, it is clear that foods such as cow's milk and hen's eggs can directly provoke flares of atopic dermatitis particularly in sensitized infants, whereas inhaled allergens and ...
Oh Jae-Won - - 2004
Little is known about the prevalence of atopic dermatitis and food allergy outside North America and Europe. We evaluated the prevalence of atopic dermatitis and food allergy with the comparison of prevalence between 1995 and 2000 in Korea and evaluated the correlation of prevalence between atopic dermatitis and food allergy. ...
MacDonald D B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare P37 derivation optimization to Cz'-FPz. METHODS: After induction in 120 patients, monitoring derivations optimized by mapping FPz, Cz, Cz', Pz, C4', C2', C1' and C3'-mastoid to determine the P37 and N37 maximums for use as inputs 1 and 2 were compared to Cz'-FPz. This was repeated later ...
Williams Ruth - - 2004
Hospitalization and cancer therapy can contribute to decreased food intake in children and adolescents with cancer, making it a challenge to meet their nutritional needs. The affect of hospitalization and the eating environment for pediatric oncology patients has not been studied very well, and the effect of altering the social ...
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