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Sharma Ashimav Deb - - 2009
Chromium is an essential trace element found in soil, water, air, and in the biosphere. It is the fourth most common element in the earth's crust, mostly used to manufacture stainless steel and other alloys. Chromate allergy is not uncommon and its prevalence rate is reported to be 6%. Once ...
Yoshihara Shigemi - - 2009
The onset of asthma may be related to Th2 cytokine dominance at the time when food allergies occur several months after birth. This study investigated the effectiveness of early intervention with a Th2 cytokine inhibitor (suplatast tosilate) for prevention of asthma in infants with food allergies and atopic dermatitis. Suplatast ...
White J M L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Allergic contact dermatitis prevalence is reported as equal in atopic and nonatopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis is under-represented in those with allergic contact dermatitis to agents having cutaneous and dietary exposure. We compared rates of atopic dermatitis between patients with allergic contact dermatitis arising out of individual fragrance chemicals with ...
Dhar Sandipan - - 2009
The severity of atopic dermatitis (AD) has been reported to be reduced by dietary eliminations in a subset of patients with AD. To assess the reduction of the severity of atopic dermatitis in infants and children after eliminations of certain dietary items. The study group comprised of 100 children with ...
Simister Robert J RJ Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy, MRI Unit, The National Society for Epilepsy, The Institute of Neurology, University College London, Gerrards Cross, Bucks, - - 2009
To use proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) to measure in vivo temporal lobe GABA and glutamate plus glutamine (GLX) concentrations in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) attributable to unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS) before and following anterior temporal lobe resection (ATLR). We obtained quantitative short echo time MRS in both ...
Tsuji Atsutoshi - - 2008
A 12-year-old boy was brought to the hospital with a 3-week history of watery diarrhea mixed with mucus and colicky abdominal pain. Stool culture identified Edwardsiella tarda O4: H4, and no other pathogenic bacteria were detected. Acute gastroenteritis caused by Edwardsiella tarda O4: H4 was diagnosed. This bacterium was shown ...
Chen F F a College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University , Beijing , - - 2008
A survey of levels of acrylamide (AA) in 349 food products obtained from the Chinese market was conducted. AA was determined by an liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. The limit of detection (LOD) and the limit of quantification (LOQ) of the method in four different matrices ranged from 0.8 ...
Schäfer Torsten - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aimed to review the association between atopic eczema and allergic sensitization and food allergy and its determinants on the basis of current epidemiological literature. RECENT FINDINGS: About 50% of children with atopic eczema and about 35% of adults are sensitized to common allergens. Gender, geography (e.g. ...
Briggs Kevin - - 2008
Grain roughness and packing are important sediment properties for newer acoustic models. We present the scanning electron stereomicroscopic imagery of natural sand grains of varying shape and roughness for evaluation of potential grain interactions of individual grains. The grain shape and the presence of microasperities will determine the probability of ...
Jeon Eun-Kyoung - - 2008
We have investigated the electrical transports of double-walled carbon nanotube field effect transistors (DWNT-FETs) with modified contacts. The CNT/Au metal contacts of DWNT-FETs were modified with a self-assembled monolayer of 2-aminoethanethiol molecules. In ambient air, the contact-modified DWNT-FETs showed a decreased conductance in the p-channel (negative gate voltages) and an ...
Naithani Smriti - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hospital surveys indicate that overall patients are satisfied with hospital food. However undernutrition is common and associated with a number of negative clinical outcomes. There is little information regarding food access from the patients' perspective. PURPOSE: To examine in-patients' experiences of access to food in hospitals. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured ...
Warshaw Erin M - - 2008
Allergic and irritant contact dermatitis to food is likely underreported. To characterize relevant allergens and irritants associated with food in patients referred to the North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG) for patch testing. Retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data from the NACDG from 2001 to 2004. Of 10,061 patch-tested patients, 109 ...
Fukiwake Noriko - - 2008
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a multifactorial disease that usually decreases the quality of life of affected patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associated factors for atopic dermatitis, asthma, rhinitis, and food allergy by physical examination of the skin and a questionnaire in nursery school children in ...
Uenishi Toshiaki - - 2008
Atopic dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin disease that especially affects children and adolescents. Many environmental factors have been recognized as relevant in aggravating skin lesions of the disease. However, it remains to be determined whether foods play a role in worsening of skin lesions in children with atopic dermatitis. ...
Williams J D L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Over the last 30 years there has been increasing recognition of the clinical entity contact urticaria (CU) and the related diagnosis, protein contact dermatitis. However, there are relatively few reports of the occupational relevance of this condition. OBJECTIVES: To describe relevant characteristics of patients diagnosed with occupational CU (OCU) ...
Picco F - - 2008
Canine atopic dermatitis sensu stricto and food-induced allergic dermatitis are common canine skin conditions, which are often considered clinically undistinguishable. Several attempts have been made to describe populations of atopic dogs and determine breed predisposition but the results were often biased by the use of hospital populations as control group. ...
Kim Jennifer S - - 2008
Food allergy and atopic dermatitis often occur in the same patients. Food-induced eczema may be perceived as a controversial topic because the immunologic mechanisms have yet to be fully elucidated. Nevertheless, published clinical studies have clearly demonstrated that foods can induce symptoms in a subset of patients with atopic dermatitis. ...
Betrosian Alex P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of ampicillin/sulbactam (Amp/Sulb) and colistin (COL) in the treatment of multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). METHODS: A prospective cohort study in adult critically ill patients with VAP. Patients were randomly assigned to receive Amp/Sulb (9 g every 8h) or COL (3 ...
Thakur C P - - 2008
Paromomycin, an aminoglycoside, is known to cause several side effects like nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity like other aminoglycosides but tetany has not been reported. Three cases of tetany were detected in the patients of kala-azar treated with paromomycin. They were promptly treated with intravenous 10 per cent calcium gluconate and tetany ...
Killig Claudia - - 2008
Cutaneous adverse reactions to foods, spices, and food additives can occur both in occupational and nonoccupational settings in those who grow, handle, prepare, or cook food. Because spices are also utilized in cosmetics and perfumes, other exposures are encountered that can result in adverse cutaneous reactions. This article describes the ...
Matteucci Osvaldo - - 2008
Among the causes of acute methemoglobinaemia are the ingestion and inhalation of over 40 oxidising substances, including nitrite, nitrate, carbon monoxide, some medicines, chlorine. The authors describe a case of acute methemoglobinaemia in two people that most probably suffered from food poisoning resulting from the consumption of a preparation of ...
Osakabe Yasuhiro - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report the histology of a cornea in a patient with apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) deficiency. METHODS: A cornea from a patient with apoA-I deficiency was obtained by keratoplasty and examined histologically. RESULTS: There were many small vesicles in the extracellular matrix throughout the corneal stroma. The vesicles were round ...
Thiruchelvam J K - - 2008
A new technique of surgical tracheostomy is described. Prior to performing the tracheostomy, the endotracheal tube (ETT) is advanced further down the trachea so that the end of the tube is positioned just above the carina. Using the flexible endoscope within the ETT the positioning can be done with precision. ...
van den Born Bert-Jan H - - 2008
The thrombotic microangiopathy observed in malignant hypertension is similar to that of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, which is associated with a deficiency of ADAMTS13, a von Willebrand factor (VWF)-cleaving protease that cleaves large prothrombogenic multimers. We hypothesized that ADAMTS13 is deficient in malignant hypertension and that the severity of thrombotic microangiopathy ...
Coskun Nigar - - 2008
The interdomal fat pad (IFP) is an important structure related to tip deformity in rhinoplasty. This study aimed to evaluate the IFP by ultrasonography before surgery, and to demonstrate the existence of the IFP as a distinct anatomic structure in cadavers and patients. Three dimensions of the IFP were measured ...
McFadden John P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is strongly associated with atopy. This retrospective study investigates whether atopic status affects responses to contact allergens also found in food. We compared incidences of atopic dermatitis/eczema (AD) in subjects who were patch-test positive (PT+) to diallyl disulfide from handling garlic and parabens used as a skin ...
Lowther Abigail - - 2008
A 39-year-old woman presented with pruritic eczematous plaques on her face, neck, and right hand that she had had for approximately 2 months, following an abrasive injury caused by the deployment of an airbag in a car accident. Results of patch testing were positive for several medicaments and propylene glycol ...
Curić Josip - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to evaluate and compare opacification of the renal collecting system and ureters detected by computed tomographic urography (CTU) performed 20 min and 1 h after the ingestion of 1,000 ml of water. CTU was performed on 89 patients (55 men, 34 women; age 28-77 ...
Bager P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies of delivery by caesarean section (c-section) and the offspring's risk of allergic diseases are of current interest due to concerns about the increased use of c-section in many countries. However, previous studies have reported inconsistent findings. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether delivery by c-section is associated with an increased ...
Tveit Arnljot - - 2009
Some small studies have suggested that low levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) measured before electrical cardioversion for atrial fibrillation (AF) may be associated with maintenance of sinus rhythm after the procedure. We hypothesized that 1) plasma levels of N-terminal fragment of proBNP (NT-proBNP) measured before cardioversion were predictive of ...
Perez A - - 2008
Propyl gallate (E310) has, until recently, been used as a major antioxidant in fatty food and, in the cosmetic industry, in the manufacture of lipsticks. Propyl gallate has a high sensitizing potential; however, the frequency of allergic contact dermatitis from antioxidants of the gallate type was previously thought to be ...
Karthikeyan K - - 2008
Beta-hemolytic Enterococcus faecalis was isolated from the pericardial fluid obtained from a patient with pyopericardium. The patient was immunocompetent and had mild pleural effusion. He was treated with parenteral co-amoxiclav and amikacin, had underwent pericardiectomy with repeated pericardial aspiration, and recovered completely. To our knowledge, this is the first report ...
Mochizuki Hiroshi - - 2008
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that low tear phospholipid levels are associated with tear film instability in hydrophilic contact lens wearers. The concentration of secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2), the enzyme that hydrolyzes phospholipids, in tears is known to exceed the levels found in serum by four orders of magnitude. This ...
Estrada-Reyes E - - 2008
We describe a 20-month-old girl with hypereosinophilia, hyper-immunoglobulin (Ig) E syndrome, and atopic dermatitis. Her peripheral eosinophil count and IgE plasma levels were 2.65 x 10(9)/L and 6702 IU/mL, respectively. Specific IgE levels for a variety of foods and inhalants were high and single-blind food challenges were positive for cow's ...
Emmert Birgit - - 2007
The use of veterinary medicines and medicated feed has a potential for the exposure of agricultural workers to pharmaceuticals with phototoxic and photoallergic side-effects. We present a 67-year-old self-employed farmer and pig breeder with a 22-year history of severe persistent photosensitivity following photoallergic contact dermatitis due to direct occupational dermal ...
Guillet Marie Hélène - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative frequency of the different causes of pompholyx evoked in the literature. DESIGN: Prospective survey. SETTING: Clinical outpatient setting. PATIENTS: A total of 120 consecutive patients with pompholyx referred to our department from 2000 through 2003. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Systematic investigation of different causes of pompholyx: ...
Dai Y-S - - 2007
Allergens play an essential role in atopic dermatitis, either intrinsic or extrinsic. They provoke cutaneous inflammation via IgE-dependent and cell-mediated immune reactions. Food allergens have a well-known contribution to disease activity of atopic dermatitis, especially in infants and young children. However, the importance of inhaled allergens is still under investigation. ...
Lira M - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to evaluate the ability of four silicone-hydrogel contact lenses (galyfilcon A, balafilcon A, lotrafilcon A and lotrafilcon B) to retain their equilibrium water content before and after wear, through measurements of refractive index and compare with that of a conventional disposable hydrogel contact ...
Wang Chau-Hsiang - - 2007
A soft palate defect may result from surgical resection, and its consequences could include hypernasal speech and nasal regurgitation of food and liquids. A speech aid prosthesis fabricated for patients can improve nasal emission during speech, and assist in preventing nasal regurgitation of food. This article presents a case of ...
Mayne R K - - 2007
1. Four randomised block experiments were conducted to determine the role of litter moisture, excreta and alternative bedding materials on the development of footpad dermatitis in growing turkeys. 2. Adding water to the litter increased external and histopathological scores independently of the presence of excreta. Fully developed lesions were induced ...
Harun Noriko Soffi - - 2007
Discoloration of urine is not uncommonly encountered in clinical practice and may indicate a significant pathology. However, the majority of instances are benign and occur as the result of trauma to the urological system during procedures or ingestions of substances such as medication or food. Purple discoloration of a urinary ...
Asadi-Pooya Ali A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: It has been reported that a common belief of the families of the patients with epilepsy in Iran is that foods provoke seizures. Our aim in the present study was to ascertain whether a culturally different population of patients with epilepsy in the United States believe that foods precipitate ...
Amer Radgonde - - 2007
Atopic dermatitis and food allergy are typically associated with elevated IgE levels. Ocular involvement in atopic dermatitis is usually limited to the ocular surface and ocular adnexae. We herein report on the unusual association of these two conditions with uveitis in two patients and describe the ocular and systemic outcome ...
Andrès Emmanuel - - 2007
The aim of this work was to review the literature concerning cobalamin deficiency in elderly patients. Articles were identified through searches of PubMed-MEDLINE (January 1990 to June 2006), restricted to: English and French language, human subjects, elderly patients (>65 years), clinical trial, review and guidelines. Additional unpublished data from our ...
Rossi Gian Paolo - - 2007
We performed a prospective head-to-head comparison of the accuracy of the captopril test (CAPT) and the saline infusion test (SAL) for confirming primary aldosteronism due to an aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) in patients with different sodium intake. A total of 317 (26.9%) of the 1125 patients screened in the Primary Aldosteronism ...
Valdovinos C - - 2008
Cercarial dermatitis is caused by exposure to the cercariae of schistosome species which have birds or mammals as their definitive hosts. A public alarm was raised in the summer of 2004 when this parasitic disease was observed for the first time in south-central Chile at Laguna Chica de San Pedro ...
Berejnov Viatcheslav - - 2007
We report on new instabilities of the quasistatic equilibrium of water drops pinned by a hydrophobic inclined substrate. The contact line of a statically pinned drop exhibits three transitions of partial depinning: depinning of the advancing and receding parts of the contact line and depinning of the entire contact line ...
Haro Gonzalo - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine if personality traits contribute to the likelihood of substance abuse in Bipolar Disorder (BD). SUBJECTS/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for BD: 20 without any history of Substance Related Disorder (SRD), 21 with a lifetime history of SRD but ...
Albert Michael H - - 2007
Oral chronic graft vs. host disease (GVHD) frequently presents in patients with sclerotic features of skin GVHD and is often associated with considerable limitations of oral food intake and decreased quality of life. Systemic tacrolimus is efficacious for prophylaxis and treatment of acute and chronic GVHD and topical tacrolimus has ...
Tamagawa-Mineoka Risa - - 2007
Fragrance materials are present in many foods and are referred to as flavours and spices. However, despite their widespread use, there are few reports of allergic contact dermatitis caused by these additives. Here, we report contact allergy to geraniol in a patient who developed cheilitis on exposure to certain foods.
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