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Thiruchelvam J K - - 2008
A new technique of surgical tracheostomy is described. Prior to performing the tracheostomy, the endotracheal tube (ETT) is advanced further down the trachea so that the end of the tube is positioned just above the carina. Using the flexible endoscope within the ETT the positioning can be done with precision. ...
van den Born Bert-Jan H - - 2008
The thrombotic microangiopathy observed in malignant hypertension is similar to that of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, which is associated with a deficiency of ADAMTS13, a von Willebrand factor (VWF)-cleaving protease that cleaves large prothrombogenic multimers. We hypothesized that ADAMTS13 is deficient in malignant hypertension and that the severity of thrombotic microangiopathy ...
Coskun Nigar - - 2008
The interdomal fat pad (IFP) is an important structure related to tip deformity in rhinoplasty. This study aimed to evaluate the IFP by ultrasonography before surgery, and to demonstrate the existence of the IFP as a distinct anatomic structure in cadavers and patients. Three dimensions of the IFP were measured ...
McFadden John P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is strongly associated with atopy. This retrospective study investigates whether atopic status affects responses to contact allergens also found in food. We compared incidences of atopic dermatitis/eczema (AD) in subjects who were patch-test positive (PT+) to diallyl disulfide from handling garlic and parabens used as a skin ...
Lowther Abigail - - 2008
A 39-year-old woman presented with pruritic eczematous plaques on her face, neck, and right hand that she had had for approximately 2 months, following an abrasive injury caused by the deployment of an airbag in a car accident. Results of patch testing were positive for several medicaments and propylene glycol ...
Curić Josip - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to evaluate and compare opacification of the renal collecting system and ureters detected by computed tomographic urography (CTU) performed 20 min and 1 h after the ingestion of 1,000 ml of water. CTU was performed on 89 patients (55 men, 34 women; age 28-77 ...
Bager P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies of delivery by caesarean section (c-section) and the offspring's risk of allergic diseases are of current interest due to concerns about the increased use of c-section in many countries. However, previous studies have reported inconsistent findings. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether delivery by c-section is associated with an increased ...
Tveit Arnljot - - 2009
Some small studies have suggested that low levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) measured before electrical cardioversion for atrial fibrillation (AF) may be associated with maintenance of sinus rhythm after the procedure. We hypothesized that 1) plasma levels of N-terminal fragment of proBNP (NT-proBNP) measured before cardioversion were predictive of ...
Perez A - - 2008
Propyl gallate (E310) has, until recently, been used as a major antioxidant in fatty food and, in the cosmetic industry, in the manufacture of lipsticks. Propyl gallate has a high sensitizing potential; however, the frequency of allergic contact dermatitis from antioxidants of the gallate type was previously thought to be ...
Karthikeyan K - - 2008
Beta-hemolytic Enterococcus faecalis was isolated from the pericardial fluid obtained from a patient with pyopericardium. The patient was immunocompetent and had mild pleural effusion. He was treated with parenteral co-amoxiclav and amikacin, had underwent pericardiectomy with repeated pericardial aspiration, and recovered completely. To our knowledge, this is the first report ...
Mochizuki Hiroshi - - 2008
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that low tear phospholipid levels are associated with tear film instability in hydrophilic contact lens wearers. The concentration of secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2), the enzyme that hydrolyzes phospholipids, in tears is known to exceed the levels found in serum by four orders of magnitude. This ...
Estrada-Reyes E - - 2008
We describe a 20-month-old girl with hypereosinophilia, hyper-immunoglobulin (Ig) E syndrome, and atopic dermatitis. Her peripheral eosinophil count and IgE plasma levels were 2.65 x 10(9)/L and 6702 IU/mL, respectively. Specific IgE levels for a variety of foods and inhalants were high and single-blind food challenges were positive for cow's ...
Emmert Birgit - - 2007
The use of veterinary medicines and medicated feed has a potential for the exposure of agricultural workers to pharmaceuticals with phototoxic and photoallergic side-effects. We present a 67-year-old self-employed farmer and pig breeder with a 22-year history of severe persistent photosensitivity following photoallergic contact dermatitis due to direct occupational dermal ...
Guillet Marie Hélène - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative frequency of the different causes of pompholyx evoked in the literature. DESIGN: Prospective survey. SETTING: Clinical outpatient setting. PATIENTS: A total of 120 consecutive patients with pompholyx referred to our department from 2000 through 2003. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Systematic investigation of different causes of pompholyx: ...
Dai Y-S - - 2007
Allergens play an essential role in atopic dermatitis, either intrinsic or extrinsic. They provoke cutaneous inflammation via IgE-dependent and cell-mediated immune reactions. Food allergens have a well-known contribution to disease activity of atopic dermatitis, especially in infants and young children. However, the importance of inhaled allergens is still under investigation. ...
Lira M - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to evaluate the ability of four silicone-hydrogel contact lenses (galyfilcon A, balafilcon A, lotrafilcon A and lotrafilcon B) to retain their equilibrium water content before and after wear, through measurements of refractive index and compare with that of a conventional disposable hydrogel contact ...
Wang Chau-Hsiang - - 2007
A soft palate defect may result from surgical resection, and its consequences could include hypernasal speech and nasal regurgitation of food and liquids. A speech aid prosthesis fabricated for patients can improve nasal emission during speech, and assist in preventing nasal regurgitation of food. This article presents a case of ...
Mayne R K - - 2007
1. Four randomised block experiments were conducted to determine the role of litter moisture, excreta and alternative bedding materials on the development of footpad dermatitis in growing turkeys. 2. Adding water to the litter increased external and histopathological scores independently of the presence of excreta. Fully developed lesions were induced ...
Harun Noriko Soffi - - 2007
Discoloration of urine is not uncommonly encountered in clinical practice and may indicate a significant pathology. However, the majority of instances are benign and occur as the result of trauma to the urological system during procedures or ingestions of substances such as medication or food. Purple discoloration of a urinary ...
Asadi-Pooya Ali A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: It has been reported that a common belief of the families of the patients with epilepsy in Iran is that foods provoke seizures. Our aim in the present study was to ascertain whether a culturally different population of patients with epilepsy in the United States believe that foods precipitate ...
Amer Radgonde - - 2007
Atopic dermatitis and food allergy are typically associated with elevated IgE levels. Ocular involvement in atopic dermatitis is usually limited to the ocular surface and ocular adnexae. We herein report on the unusual association of these two conditions with uveitis in two patients and describe the ocular and systemic outcome ...
Andrès Emmanuel - - 2007
The aim of this work was to review the literature concerning cobalamin deficiency in elderly patients. Articles were identified through searches of PubMed-MEDLINE (January 1990 to June 2006), restricted to: English and French language, human subjects, elderly patients (>65 years), clinical trial, review and guidelines. Additional unpublished data from our ...
Rossi Gian Paolo - - 2007
We performed a prospective head-to-head comparison of the accuracy of the captopril test (CAPT) and the saline infusion test (SAL) for confirming primary aldosteronism due to an aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) in patients with different sodium intake. A total of 317 (26.9%) of the 1125 patients screened in the Primary Aldosteronism ...
Valdovinos C - - 2008
Cercarial dermatitis is caused by exposure to the cercariae of schistosome species which have birds or mammals as their definitive hosts. A public alarm was raised in the summer of 2004 when this parasitic disease was observed for the first time in south-central Chile at Laguna Chica de San Pedro ...
Berejnov Viatcheslav - - 2007
We report on new instabilities of the quasistatic equilibrium of water drops pinned by a hydrophobic inclined substrate. The contact line of a statically pinned drop exhibits three transitions of partial depinning: depinning of the advancing and receding parts of the contact line and depinning of the entire contact line ...
Haro Gonzalo - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine if personality traits contribute to the likelihood of substance abuse in Bipolar Disorder (BD). SUBJECTS/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for BD: 20 without any history of Substance Related Disorder (SRD), 21 with a lifetime history of SRD but ...
Albert Michael H - - 2007
Oral chronic graft vs. host disease (GVHD) frequently presents in patients with sclerotic features of skin GVHD and is often associated with considerable limitations of oral food intake and decreased quality of life. Systemic tacrolimus is efficacious for prophylaxis and treatment of acute and chronic GVHD and topical tacrolimus has ...
Tamagawa-Mineoka Risa - - 2007
Fragrance materials are present in many foods and are referred to as flavours and spices. However, despite their widespread use, there are few reports of allergic contact dermatitis caused by these additives. Here, we report contact allergy to geraniol in a patient who developed cheilitis on exposure to certain foods.
Marshall Neil A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is expressed by the malignant cells of about 30% of cases of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and is therefore a potential target for immune attack. Given the predominantly immunosuppressive nature of HL infiltrating lymphocytes (HLILs) and the ability of LMP1 to ...
Xu Junyang - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic inflammation of the airways is a key characteristic of asthma. A defect in eosinophil apoptosis might contribute to the chronic tissue eosinophilia associated with asthma. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine whether the occurrence of apoptotic eosinophils in induced sputum from asthmatic patients correlate with interleukin (IL)-5 and ...
Lim Yen Loo - - 2007
In this 2-year retrospective epidemiologic study of occupational skin disease in Singapore, there were 125 patients with occupational contact dermatitis. The mean age of patients was 33.8 years, with a male to female ratio of 5.3:1. Irritant contact dermatitis made up 62.4% of all cases, whereas allergic contact dermatitis constituted ...
Wahn Ulrich - - 2007
Atopic manifestations may be present from infancy to adolescence. Atopic dermatitis represents the first clinical manifestation followed by allergic symptoms of the upper or lower airways. IgE responses to alimentary or environmental allergens are hallmarks of atopy in childhood. Characteristically infantile IgE responses to cow's milk and hen's egg are ...
Mixson Charles M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare microdebrider subcapsular tonsillectomy (MST) with total tonsillectomies either by harmonic scalpel (TTH) or electrocautery (TTE) in children with obstructive sleep-disordered breathing from tonsillar hypertrophy. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. SETTING: Tertiary academic hospital. PATIENTS: Eighty consecutive children with obstructive ...
Fell Juergen - - 2007
Hippocampal DC shifts have been observed under various physiological and pathological conditions. Here, we studied the interconnection of slow shifts (0.01 Hz high-pass) in surface EEG and hippocampal shifts as emerging in an event-related EEG biofeedback paradigm. Hippocampal EEG activity was monitored by depth electrodes implanted in four epilepsy patients ...
Kanno Yoshihiko - - 2007
Evaluation of the amount of food intake is very important in the control of diet therapy. Previously 3-day food records have been used to examine the food intake of hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, these records are problematic with regard to calculation errors and food intake is not stable as the ...
Vinai Piergiuseppe - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The study compares visual evaluation of an amount of food and an amount of nonedible objects in patients affected by Anorexia Nervosa and control subjects. METHOD: 59 anorexic subjects were asked to evaluate an amount of candies and plastic bricks shown to them. Their answers were compared to both ...
Chiu T-H - - 2006
AIM: To determine the efficacy of electrolysed oxidizing (EO) water in inactivating Vibrio parahaemolyticus on kitchen cutting boards and food contact surfaces. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cutting boards (bamboo, wood and plastic) and food contact surfaces (stainless steel and glazed ceramic tile) were inoculated with V. parahaemolyticus. Viable cells of V. ...
Handscomb Lucy - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether certain aspects of tinnitus tend to trouble people even when they are not severely affected by tinnitus in many ways. METHOD: A total of 274 patients who had requested a tinnitus clinic appointment were divided into 4 categories depending on their Tinnitus Handicap Inventory scores: no ...
Wei Qingjun - - 2006
Myoga is a fragrant plant which is the special product of Japan and is cultivated throughout Japan. According to our earlier investigation (unpublished data) of myoga cultivators in Japan, 8 of 35 cultivators experienced contact dermatitis in the harvest season. The purpose of this study was to assess the allergenicity ...
Fasano Mary Beth - - 2006
Cutaneous reactions to foods represent one of the most common presentations of food allergy in children. IgE-mediated (urticaria, angioedema, flushing, pruritus), cell-mediated (contact dermatitis, dermatitis herpetiformis), mixed IgE- and cell-mediated (atopic dermatitis), and nonimmune-mediated (irritant contact dermatitis, Frey's syndrome) reactions to foods have all been reported. It is important for ...
Pagazaurtundua A - - 2006
1. The prevalence and severity of foot pad dermatitis (FPD) was examined in 359 flocks of broiler chickens comprising about 3.93 million birds produced on 91 farms and reared under 5 types of system: standard intensive, free-range, organic, systems complying with the RSPCA Freedom Food scheme, and corn-fed. 2. The ...
Helme Anne E - - 2006
Rooks (Corvus frugilegus) do not use tools, but rapidly solve tests of physical cognition. The authors tested whether rooks understand the concept of physical contact using a task comprising a clear horizontal tube containing a stick with a disk attached to it and a piece of food. The rooks chose ...
Helme Anne E - - 2006
The present study aimed to test what bonobos (Pan paniscus) understand about contact. The task consisted of a clear horizontal tube containing a piece of food and a stick with a disk attached. The bonobos chose which side to push or pull the stick for the disk to contact the ...
Itoh Teruo - - 2006
A 5-year-old female border collie presented with erythematous skin lesions at the axillae, groin, mucocutaneous junctions, and pinnae. Biopsy revealed lymphocytic interface dermatitis with hydropic degeneration of basal cells and keratinocyte apoptosis. Based on gross and histological features, diagnosis of erythema multiforme was made. The disease was resolved by treatment ...
Marczewska Agnieszka - - 2006
The dietary habits of 45 Italian patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and their spouses were investigated using the EPIC food frequency questionnaire. Average daily energy intake was similar, but PD patients consumed significantly more vegetable proteins and carbohydrates (both +18%; P = 0.01 and P = 0.001, respectively). Daily protein ...
Ledbetter Laura - - 2006
Estimates of stool output in diapers is not an appropriate guideline to use in determining fluid loss through stool. This study was conducted to determine the accuracy of the ability of the nurses (RNs) and patient care technicians (PCTs) to quantify stool volume in diapers. Size 3 diapers, baby food ...
López Juan Carlos - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Didanosine enteric-coated capsules (ddI-EC) should be taken under fasting conditions. However, the effect of food on the absorption of ddI-EC may not reduce exposure to the drug. METHOD: We performed an observational study to assess the effect on virological failure of taking ddI-EC with food. To be included, patients ...
Saour S - - 2006
Attempting to separate frozen food with a knife can result in serious injury to the hand. This injury is prevalent and is a common reason for referral to hand surgeons. Ten cases were reviewed over a 3-month period; the causative frozen food varied widely. Seven of the 10 patients required ...
Spergel Jonathan M - - 2006
Topical calcineurin inhibitors (pimecrolimus, Elidel, East Hanover, NJ; and tacrolimus, Protopic, Tokyo, Japan) have been approved for the use in atopic dermatitis since the year 2000. These compounds represent a relatively safe class of topical anti-inflammatory, nonsteroidal therapy. However, in January of 2006, the US Food and Drug Administration issued ...
Murphy Melissa Morrigan - - 2006
A relatively new EEG variant has been uncovered in the recordings of critically ill patients. This variant is known as stimulus-induced rhythmic, periodic or ictal discharges (SIRPIDs). SIRPIDs are elicited from patients when various forms of stimulation are applied. The pathophysiology of SIRPIDs is still unknown, as is the knowledge ...
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