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Cramer Jenna M - - 2011
Sulforaphane (SF) is a chemopreventive isothiocyanate (ITC) derived from the myrosinase-catalyzed hydrolysis of glucoraphanin, a thioglucoside present in broccoli. Broccoli supplements often contain glucoraphanin but lack myrosinase, putting in question their ability to provide dietary SF. This study compared the relative absorption of SF from air-dried broccoli sprouts rich in ...
Liu Shaoyang - - 2011
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a powerful nanoscale analysis technique used in food area. This versatile technique can be used to acquire high-resolution sample images and investigate local interactions in air or liquid surroundings. In this chapter, we explain the principles of AFM and review representative applications of AFM in ...
Tominari Keita - - 2011
We examined the content protection characteristics of the PID (Pouch in Dispenser) when it was used in the usual manner and when it was polluted artificially. When the PID was used in the usual manner, the nozzle was opened, and experiments were carried out with and without air-blowing. The invasion ...
Shirosaki Miyuki - - 2011
Various seaweeds have traditionally been used as flavoring materials, food additives, and foodstuffs in many countries, especially those in Asia. The seaweed Laminaria japonica (LJ) is popular as "kombu" in Japanese cuisine. Laminaria sp. is one of the most important marine medicinal foodstuffs, as its biological functions have been widely ...
Roberts Michael T MT UCLA School of Law, where he teaches Consumer Food Law and Policy, - - 2011
Trust underpins the Chinese social system, and yet it is lacking from a Chinese food system that is riddled with safety disasters and disgruntled consumers. Government and industry play a major role in rehabilitating consumer trust in China. To this end, food safety and quality laws have been constructed to ...
Ratcliffe Caroline C Economist and senior fellow at the Urban - - 2011
Nearly 15% of all U.S. households and 40% of near-poor households were food insecure in 2009. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the cornerstone of federal food assistance programs and serves as the first line of defense against food-related hardship. This paper measures the effectiveness of SNAP in reducing ...
Katić Jelena - - 2010
Health disorders and diseases related to environmental exposure in children such as cancer and immunologic disturbances (asthma, allergies) are on the rise. However, complex transplacental and prepubertal genotoxicology is given very limited consideration, even though intrauterine development and early childhood may be critical for elucidating the cancer aetiology. The foetus ...
Holliday Timothy - - 2010
We report on the successful emergency use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to provide oxygenation and ventilation to a patient with lifethreatening airway obstruction, and then facilitating the removal of a tracheal food bolus by rigid bronchoscopy.
Shang X H XH a National Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention , Beijing , - - 2010
Methylmercury intake for adult males of twelve provinces in China was estimated by means of the 2007 Chinese Total Diet Study. Methylmercury levels were measured in twelve food groups of each province of four regions and was only found in the aquatic food groups. The range for methylmercury contents of ...
Heo Hyeon Su - - 2011
In this work, catalytic cracking of biomass waste oil fractions separated from food waste leachate was performed using microporous catalysts, such as HY, HZSM-5 and mesoporous Al-MCM-48. The experiments were carried out using pyrolysis gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) to allow the direct analysis of the pyrolytic products. Most acidic components, ...
Ferman Laura M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assemble data on the summer feeding ecology of the Great Pampa-finch, Embernagra platensis at the Laguna de Guaminí, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and to explore the differences related to the dietary patterns for each sex between winter and summer when possible. The stomach contents ...
Naithani S S Department of Public Health Sciences, King's College London, London, - - 2010
  Problems of undernutrition are common in hospital in-patients. Multiple morbidity increases with age and may contribute to nutritional risks. This research aimed to determine whether increased burden of long-term conditions is associated with patients' difficulties gaining access to food in hospital.   A survey was implemented in 29 wards ...
Mastromatteo Marianna - - 2010
Synergic antimicrobial activity of lysozyme (250 ppm), nisin (250 ppm), and disodium ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) (20 mM) against Listeria monocytogenes and meat-borne spoilage bacteria in ostrich patties packaged in air and vacuum was studied. The antimicrobial treatment decreased the L. monocytogenes population in ostrich patties below the official limit ...
Kolbe Nina - - 2010
Food manufacturers add phosphate salts to their products to act as a preservative to extend shelf life. However, this added phosphorus poses a problem for dialysis patients and their caregivers because it is difficult to quantify the amount of phosphorus in a patient's diet. This article discusses the difference between ...
Ciglenečki I - - 2011
Konzo is a spastic paraparesis of sudden onset, linked to the exclusive consumption of insufficiently processed bitter cassava as staple food combined with low protein intake. Around 60,000 refugees from the Central African Republic sought refuge in villages in eastern Cameroon between 2005 and 2007. Médecins Sans Frontières was providing ...
Worth Allison - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent developments on the inter-relationship between food allergy and atopic eczema, with a particular focus on understanding the role of filaggrin gene defects. RECENT FINDINGS: Filaggrin gene defects have recently been identified as a major risk factor for the development of atopic eczema. These skin ...
Shen Cuizhen - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to evaluate the effectiveness of Chinese food therapy in correcting the Yin-deficiency and to examine its impact on the patients' quality of life and hypertension control. BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown 14-50% of people with hypertension have Yin-deficiency. Whether restoring the Yin-Yang balance ...
Lillestøl K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: An association between atopic disease and gastrointestinal complaints has been suggested. AIM: To explore the association between atopic disease, gastrointestinal symptoms, and possible gastrointestinal manifestations of atopic disease in patients with self-reported food hypersensitivity. METHODS: Symptoms, skin prick tests, serum markers of allergy and intestinal permeability were recorded in ...
Favrot Claude - - 2010
Canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) is a multifaceted disease associated with exposure to various offending agents such as environmental and food allergens. The diagnosis of this condition is difficult because none of the typical signs are pathognomonic. Sets of criteria have been proposed but are mainly used to include dogs in ...
Farhi David - - 2010
The quest for clarifying the pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis (eczema) has lasted for 25 centuries. Yearning to discern the primum movens of atopic dermatitis, physicians aimed to identify the curative therapy. Recent scientific efforts has brought to the light an ever-growing amount of interplaying pathophysiologic factors, including the epidermal barrier, ...
Davidovici Batya B - - 2010
Acne is the most prevalent skin condition. It has a substantial effect on the quality of life of teenagers worldwide. Among acne patients from different societies and cultures, diet is uniformly regarded as a major cause in the pathogenesis of acne. We reviewed the up-to-date literature regarding acne and culprit ...
Tranter Michelle A - - 2009
This study identified themes in patient-written comments about meals served in a hospital and determined the relationship of those themes to patient food-quality satisfaction ratings among medical and surgical patients. Data from 2 years of quantitative Press Ganey patient-satisfaction ratings and qualitative comments related to meals by 1,077 patients discharged ...
Lind R - - 2010
Psychological distress may be causally related to multiple, unexplained somatic symptoms. We have investigated job stress, coping strategies and subjective health complaints in patients with subjective food hypersensitivity. Sixty-four patients were compared with 65 controls. All participants filled in questionnaires focusing on job stress, job demands and control, work environment, ...
Badger James M - - 2009
A 74-year-old man with multiple chronic medical problems was hospitalized for respiratory distress. He experienced recurrent aspiration and required frequent suctioning and endotracheal intubation on several occasions. The patient was deemed competent and steadfastly refused feeding tube placement. The patient demanded that he be allowed to eat a normal diet ...
Mederacke Ingmar - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Transient elastography is increasingly being used in patients with chronic liver disease. It has proven particularly useful to identify patients with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis, while classification of no or little fibrosis appears to be difficult. In general, stiffness values <6 kPa are considered normal, whereas patients ...
Piesman Michael - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to test the hypothesis that placement of a new nitinol duodenal self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) for palliation of malignant gastroduodenal obstruction is effective and safe in allowing patients to tolerate an oral diet. METHODS: In a prospective multicenter study, SEMSs (Duodenal WallFlex, Boston Scientific) were placed to ...
Wu Tzee-Chung - - 2009
Medical and scientific studies have proven that the body's metabolic programming can be influenced by diet and nutrition from early infancy. As a result, the incidence and outcome of several metabolic diseases such as obesity, hypertension and cardiovascular disorders have been found to be associated with birth weight, growth and ...
Reid Joanne - - 2009
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To investigate tensions over food that exist between patients with advanced cancer with cachexia and their families. RESEARCH APPROACH: Heideggerian phenomenologic inquiry using unstructured interviews. SETTING: A regional cancer center in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: 8 patients with advanced cancer living with cachexia and 8 family members. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: ...
Sharma Ashimav Deb - - 2009
Chromium is an essential trace element found in soil, water, air, and in the biosphere. It is the fourth most common element in the earth's crust, mostly used to manufacture stainless steel and other alloys. Chromate allergy is not uncommon and its prevalence rate is reported to be 6%. Once ...
Yoshihara Shigemi - - 2009
The onset of asthma may be related to Th2 cytokine dominance at the time when food allergies occur several months after birth. This study investigated the effectiveness of early intervention with a Th2 cytokine inhibitor (suplatast tosilate) for prevention of asthma in infants with food allergies and atopic dermatitis. Suplatast ...
White J M L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Allergic contact dermatitis prevalence is reported as equal in atopic and nonatopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis is under-represented in those with allergic contact dermatitis to agents having cutaneous and dietary exposure. We compared rates of atopic dermatitis between patients with allergic contact dermatitis arising out of individual fragrance chemicals with ...
Dhar Sandipan - - 2009
The severity of atopic dermatitis (AD) has been reported to be reduced by dietary eliminations in a subset of patients with AD. To assess the reduction of the severity of atopic dermatitis in infants and children after eliminations of certain dietary items. The study group comprised of 100 children with ...
Simister Robert J RJ Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy, MRI Unit, The National Society for Epilepsy, The Institute of Neurology, University College London, Gerrards Cross, Bucks, - - 2009
To use proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) to measure in vivo temporal lobe GABA and glutamate plus glutamine (GLX) concentrations in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) attributable to unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS) before and following anterior temporal lobe resection (ATLR). We obtained quantitative short echo time MRS in both ...
Tsuji Atsutoshi - - 2008
A 12-year-old boy was brought to the hospital with a 3-week history of watery diarrhea mixed with mucus and colicky abdominal pain. Stool culture identified Edwardsiella tarda O4: H4, and no other pathogenic bacteria were detected. Acute gastroenteritis caused by Edwardsiella tarda O4: H4 was diagnosed. This bacterium was shown ...
Chen F F a College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University , Beijing , - - 2008
A survey of levels of acrylamide (AA) in 349 food products obtained from the Chinese market was conducted. AA was determined by an liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. The limit of detection (LOD) and the limit of quantification (LOQ) of the method in four different matrices ranged from 0.8 ...
Schäfer Torsten - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aimed to review the association between atopic eczema and allergic sensitization and food allergy and its determinants on the basis of current epidemiological literature. RECENT FINDINGS: About 50% of children with atopic eczema and about 35% of adults are sensitized to common allergens. Gender, geography (e.g. ...
Briggs Kevin - - 2008
Grain roughness and packing are important sediment properties for newer acoustic models. We present the scanning electron stereomicroscopic imagery of natural sand grains of varying shape and roughness for evaluation of potential grain interactions of individual grains. The grain shape and the presence of microasperities will determine the probability of ...
Jeon Eun-Kyoung - - 2008
We have investigated the electrical transports of double-walled carbon nanotube field effect transistors (DWNT-FETs) with modified contacts. The CNT/Au metal contacts of DWNT-FETs were modified with a self-assembled monolayer of 2-aminoethanethiol molecules. In ambient air, the contact-modified DWNT-FETs showed a decreased conductance in the p-channel (negative gate voltages) and an ...
Naithani Smriti - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hospital surveys indicate that overall patients are satisfied with hospital food. However undernutrition is common and associated with a number of negative clinical outcomes. There is little information regarding food access from the patients' perspective. PURPOSE: To examine in-patients' experiences of access to food in hospitals. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured ...
Warshaw Erin M - - 2008
Allergic and irritant contact dermatitis to food is likely underreported. To characterize relevant allergens and irritants associated with food in patients referred to the North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG) for patch testing. Retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data from the NACDG from 2001 to 2004. Of 10,061 patch-tested patients, 109 ...
Fukiwake Noriko - - 2008
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a multifactorial disease that usually decreases the quality of life of affected patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associated factors for atopic dermatitis, asthma, rhinitis, and food allergy by physical examination of the skin and a questionnaire in nursery school children in ...
Uenishi Toshiaki - - 2008
Atopic dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin disease that especially affects children and adolescents. Many environmental factors have been recognized as relevant in aggravating skin lesions of the disease. However, it remains to be determined whether foods play a role in worsening of skin lesions in children with atopic dermatitis. ...
Williams J D L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Over the last 30 years there has been increasing recognition of the clinical entity contact urticaria (CU) and the related diagnosis, protein contact dermatitis. However, there are relatively few reports of the occupational relevance of this condition. OBJECTIVES: To describe relevant characteristics of patients diagnosed with occupational CU (OCU) ...
Picco F - - 2008
Canine atopic dermatitis sensu stricto and food-induced allergic dermatitis are common canine skin conditions, which are often considered clinically undistinguishable. Several attempts have been made to describe populations of atopic dogs and determine breed predisposition but the results were often biased by the use of hospital populations as control group. ...
Kim Jennifer S - - 2008
Food allergy and atopic dermatitis often occur in the same patients. Food-induced eczema may be perceived as a controversial topic because the immunologic mechanisms have yet to be fully elucidated. Nevertheless, published clinical studies have clearly demonstrated that foods can induce symptoms in a subset of patients with atopic dermatitis. ...
Betrosian Alex P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of ampicillin/sulbactam (Amp/Sulb) and colistin (COL) in the treatment of multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). METHODS: A prospective cohort study in adult critically ill patients with VAP. Patients were randomly assigned to receive Amp/Sulb (9 g every 8h) or COL (3 ...
Thakur C P - - 2008
Paromomycin, an aminoglycoside, is known to cause several side effects like nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity like other aminoglycosides but tetany has not been reported. Three cases of tetany were detected in the patients of kala-azar treated with paromomycin. They were promptly treated with intravenous 10 per cent calcium gluconate and tetany ...
Killig Claudia - - 2008
Cutaneous adverse reactions to foods, spices, and food additives can occur both in occupational and nonoccupational settings in those who grow, handle, prepare, or cook food. Because spices are also utilized in cosmetics and perfumes, other exposures are encountered that can result in adverse cutaneous reactions. This article describes the ...
Matteucci Osvaldo - - 2008
Among the causes of acute methemoglobinaemia are the ingestion and inhalation of over 40 oxidising substances, including nitrite, nitrate, carbon monoxide, some medicines, chlorine. The authors describe a case of acute methemoglobinaemia in two people that most probably suffered from food poisoning resulting from the consumption of a preparation of ...
Osakabe Yasuhiro - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report the histology of a cornea in a patient with apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) deficiency. METHODS: A cornea from a patient with apoA-I deficiency was obtained by keratoplasty and examined histologically. RESULTS: There were many small vesicles in the extracellular matrix throughout the corneal stroma. The vesicles were round ...
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