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Oluwafemi F - - 2011
Five million children aged less than five years die annually due to diarrhoea. The aim of the study was to identify some possible contributing factors for persistent diarrhoea. Seven weaning foods, including a locally-made food, were evaluated by estimating the microbial load using the most probable number method and aflatoxin ...
Milord F - - 2011
SUMMARYCyclospora cayetanensis is an emerging infectious agent. The aim of this study was to describe an outbreak that occurred in 250 adults exposed to contaminated food, focusing on the duration and relapses of symptoms, complications and evidence of local transmission. This outbreak affected workers who ate in a restaurant in ...
Castelain Michel - - 2011
Globalisation brings patients more and more into contact with products or food from other cultures or countries. Europeans may be confronted with allergens not yet known in Europe - such as dimethylfumarate - responsible for contact allergy epidemics. Moreover, "low cost" goods, not always legally imported into Europe, sometimes may lead to ...
Xiu Aihui - - 2011
Salecan is a novel water-soluble glucan produced by Agrobacterium sp. ZX09. It has potential application as a food additive with a unique chemical composition and excellent physicochemical properties. The objective of this study was to investigate the acute and subchronic toxicity of Salecan. The oral LD50 of Salecan in ICR ...
Freese Heike M - - 2011
Small filter-feeding zooplankton organisms like the cladoceran Daphnia spp. are key members of freshwater food webs. Although several interactions between Daphnia and bacteria have been investigated, the importance of the microbial communities inside Daphnia guts has been studied only poorly so far. In the present study, we characterised the bacterial ...
Zhang Xue - - 2011
The toxicity of Poterioochromonas to Daphnia magna was investigated at different food (Scenedesmus acutus) levels. Poterioochromonas alone of 0.4-20 mg C L(-1) was not acutely toxic to D. magna, but did not support D. magna growth, either. When fed mixed diets (2 mg C L(-1) in total), D. magna's survival and reproduction were significantly depressed when ...
Prischmann Deirdre A - - 2011
Predatory mites are important components of subterranean food webs and may help regulate densities of agricultural pests, including western corn rootworms (Chrysomelidae: Diabrotica virgifera virgifera). Implementing conservation and/or classical biocontrol tactics could enhance densities of specialist or generalist predatory mites and lead to pest suppression, but first relevant mite species ...
Yashima Mn - - 2011
The Conchostraca (clam shrimps) are a group of microcrustaceans found in freshwater habitats. They inhabit the benthos, yet many can swim actively and are often associated with macrophytes. They are filter-feeders, deriving their food from suspended particles or solids stirred up from the bottom. In Brazil, five species have been ...
- - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is reclassifying the topical oxygen chamber for extremities (TOCE) from class III to class II. This device is intended to surround a patient's limb and apply humidified oxygen topically at a pressure slightly greater than atmospheric pressure to aid healing of chronic skin ulcers, ...
Huang Liyan - - 2011
Television advertising is an effective medium for reaching young children and influencing their food choice. Studies have shown that messages conveyed by food advertisements are rarely consistent with healthy eating messages. With the increasing purchasing power of children, food companies are focusing on children as lucrative target audiences. Extensive marketing ...
Doyle James R - - 2011
A method is proposed to use naturally occurring radionuclides of the (238)U decay series as mass balance tracers to estimate sediment ingestion by benthic fish. The mass balance tracer method can take two forms: one that does not account for tracers that would be ingested in invertebrate food items (simple ...
Hebden Lana - - 2011
Objective: Trends on Australian free-to-air television show children continue to be exposed to a disproportionate amount of unhealthy food advertising. This study describes the nature and extent of food marketing on the Australian subscription television channels most popular with children. Methods: Advertisements broadcast on the six subscription television channels most ...
Kelly Bridget - - 2011
Objective: The issue of marketing unhealthy food to children and its contribution to childhood obesity has become a highly politicised debate in Australia. The aim of this study was to compare recent television food advertising patterns in 2008 to previously published Australian research on television advertising from 2006 and 2007, ...
Erridge Clett - - 2011
Recent evidence suggests that exposure to stimulants of the innate immune receptors Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2 and TLR4 may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis and insulin resistance. We showed recently that common foodsuffs can contain TLR-stimulants, and that the greatest concentrations were present in meat-based products. Using a recently developed ...
Karimifar Nooshin - - 2011
Stale beer and peanut butter are effective baits for the German cockroach (GCRs), Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). In still-air arena olfactometer experiments it was previously shown that headspace volatile extracts of peanut butter and solvent extract of beer attract male GCRs. The objective of this study was to identify ...
Cramer Jenna M - - 2011
Sulforaphane (SF) is a chemopreventive isothiocyanate (ITC) derived from the myrosinase-catalyzed hydrolysis of glucoraphanin, a thioglucoside present in broccoli. Broccoli supplements often contain glucoraphanin but lack myrosinase, putting in question their ability to provide dietary SF. This study compared the relative absorption of SF from air-dried broccoli sprouts rich in ...
Liu Shaoyang - - 2011
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a powerful nanoscale analysis technique used in food area. This versatile technique can be used to acquire high-resolution sample images and investigate local interactions in air or liquid surroundings. In this chapter, we explain the principles of AFM and review representative applications of AFM in ...
Tominari Keita - - 2011
We examined the content protection characteristics of the PID (Pouch in Dispenser) when it was used in the usual manner and when it was polluted artificially. When the PID was used in the usual manner, the nozzle was opened, and experiments were carried out with and without air-blowing. The invasion ...
Shirosaki Miyuki - - 2011
Various seaweeds have traditionally been used as flavoring materials, food additives, and foodstuffs in many countries, especially those in Asia. The seaweed Laminaria japonica (LJ) is popular as "kombu" in Japanese cuisine. Laminaria sp. is one of the most important marine medicinal foodstuffs, as its biological functions have been widely ...
Roberts Michael T MT UCLA School of Law, where he teaches Consumer Food Law and Policy, - - 2011
Trust underpins the Chinese social system, and yet it is lacking from a Chinese food system that is riddled with safety disasters and disgruntled consumers. Government and industry play a major role in rehabilitating consumer trust in China. To this end, food safety and quality laws have been constructed to ...
Ratcliffe Caroline C Economist and senior fellow at the Urban - - 2011
Nearly 15% of all U.S. households and 40% of near-poor households were food insecure in 2009. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the cornerstone of federal food assistance programs and serves as the first line of defense against food-related hardship. This paper measures the effectiveness of SNAP in reducing ...
Katić Jelena - - 2010
Health disorders and diseases related to environmental exposure in children such as cancer and immunologic disturbances (asthma, allergies) are on the rise. However, complex transplacental and prepubertal genotoxicology is given very limited consideration, even though intrauterine development and early childhood may be critical for elucidating the cancer aetiology. The foetus ...
Holliday Timothy - - 2010
We report on the successful emergency use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to provide oxygenation and ventilation to a patient with lifethreatening airway obstruction, and then facilitating the removal of a tracheal food bolus by rigid bronchoscopy.
Shang X H XH a National Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention , Beijing , - - 2010
Methylmercury intake for adult males of twelve provinces in China was estimated by means of the 2007 Chinese Total Diet Study. Methylmercury levels were measured in twelve food groups of each province of four regions and was only found in the aquatic food groups. The range for methylmercury contents of ...
Heo Hyeon Su - - 2011
In this work, catalytic cracking of biomass waste oil fractions separated from food waste leachate was performed using microporous catalysts, such as HY, HZSM-5 and mesoporous Al-MCM-48. The experiments were carried out using pyrolysis gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) to allow the direct analysis of the pyrolytic products. Most acidic components, ...
Ferman Laura M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assemble data on the summer feeding ecology of the Great Pampa-finch, Embernagra platensis at the Laguna de Guaminí, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and to explore the differences related to the dietary patterns for each sex between winter and summer when possible. The stomach contents ...
Naithani S S Department of Public Health Sciences, King's College London, London, - - 2010
  Problems of undernutrition are common in hospital in-patients. Multiple morbidity increases with age and may contribute to nutritional risks. This research aimed to determine whether increased burden of long-term conditions is associated with patients' difficulties gaining access to food in hospital.   A survey was implemented in 29 wards ...
Mastromatteo Marianna - - 2010
Synergic antimicrobial activity of lysozyme (250 ppm), nisin (250 ppm), and disodium ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) (20 mM) against Listeria monocytogenes and meat-borne spoilage bacteria in ostrich patties packaged in air and vacuum was studied. The antimicrobial treatment decreased the L. monocytogenes population in ostrich patties below the official limit ...
Kolbe Nina - - 2010
Food manufacturers add phosphate salts to their products to act as a preservative to extend shelf life. However, this added phosphorus poses a problem for dialysis patients and their caregivers because it is difficult to quantify the amount of phosphorus in a patient's diet. This article discusses the difference between ...
Ciglenečki I - - 2011
Konzo is a spastic paraparesis of sudden onset, linked to the exclusive consumption of insufficiently processed bitter cassava as staple food combined with low protein intake. Around 60,000 refugees from the Central African Republic sought refuge in villages in eastern Cameroon between 2005 and 2007. Médecins Sans Frontières was providing ...
Worth Allison - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent developments on the inter-relationship between food allergy and atopic eczema, with a particular focus on understanding the role of filaggrin gene defects. RECENT FINDINGS: Filaggrin gene defects have recently been identified as a major risk factor for the development of atopic eczema. These skin ...
Shen Cuizhen - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to evaluate the effectiveness of Chinese food therapy in correcting the Yin-deficiency and to examine its impact on the patients' quality of life and hypertension control. BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown 14-50% of people with hypertension have Yin-deficiency. Whether restoring the Yin-Yang balance ...
Lillestøl K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: An association between atopic disease and gastrointestinal complaints has been suggested. AIM: To explore the association between atopic disease, gastrointestinal symptoms, and possible gastrointestinal manifestations of atopic disease in patients with self-reported food hypersensitivity. METHODS: Symptoms, skin prick tests, serum markers of allergy and intestinal permeability were recorded in ...
Favrot Claude - - 2010
Canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) is a multifaceted disease associated with exposure to various offending agents such as environmental and food allergens. The diagnosis of this condition is difficult because none of the typical signs are pathognomonic. Sets of criteria have been proposed but are mainly used to include dogs in ...
Farhi David - - 2010
The quest for clarifying the pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis (eczema) has lasted for 25 centuries. Yearning to discern the primum movens of atopic dermatitis, physicians aimed to identify the curative therapy. Recent scientific efforts has brought to the light an ever-growing amount of interplaying pathophysiologic factors, including the epidermal barrier, ...
Davidovici Batya B - - 2010
Acne is the most prevalent skin condition. It has a substantial effect on the quality of life of teenagers worldwide. Among acne patients from different societies and cultures, diet is uniformly regarded as a major cause in the pathogenesis of acne. We reviewed the up-to-date literature regarding acne and culprit ...
Tranter Michelle A - - 2009
This study identified themes in patient-written comments about meals served in a hospital and determined the relationship of those themes to patient food-quality satisfaction ratings among medical and surgical patients. Data from 2 years of quantitative Press Ganey patient-satisfaction ratings and qualitative comments related to meals by 1,077 patients discharged ...
Lind R - - 2010
Psychological distress may be causally related to multiple, unexplained somatic symptoms. We have investigated job stress, coping strategies and subjective health complaints in patients with subjective food hypersensitivity. Sixty-four patients were compared with 65 controls. All participants filled in questionnaires focusing on job stress, job demands and control, work environment, ...
Badger James M - - 2009
A 74-year-old man with multiple chronic medical problems was hospitalized for respiratory distress. He experienced recurrent aspiration and required frequent suctioning and endotracheal intubation on several occasions. The patient was deemed competent and steadfastly refused feeding tube placement. The patient demanded that he be allowed to eat a normal diet ...
Mederacke Ingmar - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Transient elastography is increasingly being used in patients with chronic liver disease. It has proven particularly useful to identify patients with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis, while classification of no or little fibrosis appears to be difficult. In general, stiffness values <6 kPa are considered normal, whereas patients ...
Piesman Michael - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to test the hypothesis that placement of a new nitinol duodenal self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) for palliation of malignant gastroduodenal obstruction is effective and safe in allowing patients to tolerate an oral diet. METHODS: In a prospective multicenter study, SEMSs (Duodenal WallFlex, Boston Scientific) were placed to ...
Wu Tzee-Chung - - 2009
Medical and scientific studies have proven that the body's metabolic programming can be influenced by diet and nutrition from early infancy. As a result, the incidence and outcome of several metabolic diseases such as obesity, hypertension and cardiovascular disorders have been found to be associated with birth weight, growth and ...
Reid Joanne - - 2009
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To investigate tensions over food that exist between patients with advanced cancer with cachexia and their families. RESEARCH APPROACH: Heideggerian phenomenologic inquiry using unstructured interviews. SETTING: A regional cancer center in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: 8 patients with advanced cancer living with cachexia and 8 family members. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: ...
Sharma Ashimav Deb - - 2009
Chromium is an essential trace element found in soil, water, air, and in the biosphere. It is the fourth most common element in the earth's crust, mostly used to manufacture stainless steel and other alloys. Chromate allergy is not uncommon and its prevalence rate is reported to be 6%. Once ...
Yoshihara Shigemi - - 2009
The onset of asthma may be related to Th2 cytokine dominance at the time when food allergies occur several months after birth. This study investigated the effectiveness of early intervention with a Th2 cytokine inhibitor (suplatast tosilate) for prevention of asthma in infants with food allergies and atopic dermatitis. Suplatast ...
White J M L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Allergic contact dermatitis prevalence is reported as equal in atopic and nonatopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis is under-represented in those with allergic contact dermatitis to agents having cutaneous and dietary exposure. We compared rates of atopic dermatitis between patients with allergic contact dermatitis arising out of individual fragrance chemicals with ...
Dhar Sandipan - - 2009
The severity of atopic dermatitis (AD) has been reported to be reduced by dietary eliminations in a subset of patients with AD. To assess the reduction of the severity of atopic dermatitis in infants and children after eliminations of certain dietary items. The study group comprised of 100 children with ...
Simister Robert J RJ Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy, MRI Unit, The National Society for Epilepsy, The Institute of Neurology, University College London, Gerrards Cross, Bucks, - - 2009
To use proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) to measure in vivo temporal lobe GABA and glutamate plus glutamine (GLX) concentrations in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) attributable to unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS) before and following anterior temporal lobe resection (ATLR). We obtained quantitative short echo time MRS in both ...
Tsuji Atsutoshi - - 2008
A 12-year-old boy was brought to the hospital with a 3-week history of watery diarrhea mixed with mucus and colicky abdominal pain. Stool culture identified Edwardsiella tarda O4: H4, and no other pathogenic bacteria were detected. Acute gastroenteritis caused by Edwardsiella tarda O4: H4 was diagnosed. This bacterium was shown ...
Chen F F a College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University , Beijing , - - 2008
A survey of levels of acrylamide (AA) in 349 food products obtained from the Chinese market was conducted. AA was determined by an liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. The limit of detection (LOD) and the limit of quantification (LOQ) of the method in four different matrices ranged from 0.8 ...
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