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Yu Yan Han YH a Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Alberta , - - 2014
Abstract. Objective:To document the sodium intake and food sources of sodium of Canadian-born Chinese (CBC) and Asian-born Chinese (ABC) individuals at a Canadian University campus. Participants: Healthy adults aged 18-58 years originating from Canada, China, Hong Kong, or Taiwan were recruited from the University of Alberta (n = 40 CBC; n ...
Zhang Jian Bo JB China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100022, - - 2014
This study was to analyze the risk of sulfites in food consumed by the Chinese people and assess the health protection capability of maximum-permitted level (MPL) of sulfites in GB 2760-2011. Sulfites as food additives are overused or abused in many food categories. When the MPL in GB 2760-2011 was ...
Garretson John T JT Neuroscience Institute, Georgia State University, 24 Peachtree Center Ave NE, Atlanta, GA 30302-4010, USA; Obesity Reversal Center, Georgia State University, 24 Peachtree Center Ave NE, Atlanta, GA 30302-4010, - - 2014
Food hoarding is an evolutionary adaptation whereby animals store food for later consumption when food is limited or when predation risk while foraging is high. It also occurs as part of normal appetitive behavior by humans and non-human animals when they are hungry. Contrary to popular belief, humans do not ...
Jiang Xun X Department of Pediatrics, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to develop a questionnaire for caregivers to assess the eating behavior of Chinese preschoolers. To assess children's eating behaviors, 152 items were derived from a broad review of the literature related to epidemiology surveys and the assessment of children's eating behaviors. All of these ...
Petri Ines I Department of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover, - - 2014
The Siberian hamster (Phodopus sungorus) is a seasonal mammal responding to the annual cycle in photoperiod with anticipatory physiological adaptations. This includes a reduction in food intake and body weight during the autumn in anticipation of seasonally reduced food availability. In the laboratory, short-day induction of body weight loss can ...
Du Wenwen W National Institute for Nutrition and food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, - - 2014
The neighbourhood availability of restaurants has been linked to the weight status. However, little is known regarding the relation between access to restaurant and obesity among the Chinese population. This study aims to explore the relationship between neighbourhood restaurant density and body mass index (BMI) in rural China. A longitudinal ...
Liu Zhao-Min ZM Department of Medicine &Therapeutics, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, PR, - - 2014
Reducing salt intake in communities is one of the most effective and affordable public health strategies to prevent hypertension, stroke and renal disease. The present study aimed to determine the sodium intake in Hong Kong Chinese postmenopausal women and identify the major food sources contributing to sodium intake and urine ...
Iwasaki Yusuke Y Department of Analytical Chemistry, Hoshi University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical - - 2014
Food additives, such as preservatives, sweeteners, coloring agents, and flavoring agents, are widely used in food manufacturing. However, their combined effects on the human body are not known. The purpose of this study was to examine whether combinations of antioxidants and metal ions generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) under in ...
G Ritu R Charak Foundation, P.O. Box 3547, Cerritos, CA 90703, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency is widely prevalent in India, despite abundant sunshine. Fortification of staple foods with vitamin D is a viable strategy to target an entire population. Vitamin D fortification programs implemented in the United States and Canada have improved the vitamin D status in these countries, but a significant ...
Ngo Dai-Hung DH Marine Bioprocess Research Center, Pukyong National University, Busan, South - - 2014
Chitin, chitosan, and their derivatives are considered to promote diverse activities, including antioxidant, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, antitumor and anticancer, antimicrobial, hypocholesterolemic, and antidiabetic effects, one of the most crucial of which is the antioxidant effect. By modulating and improving physiological functions, chitin, chitosan, and their derivatives may provide novel therapeutic ...
Jungert Alexandra A Institute of Nutritional Science, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, - - 2014
Elderly subjects are at risk of insufficient vitamin D status mainly because of diminished capacity for cutaneous vitamin D synthesis. In cases of insufficient endogenous production, vitamin D status depends on vitamin D intake. The purpose of this study is to identify the main food sources of vitamin D in ...
Bermingham Emma N EN Food Nutrition & Health, Food & Bio-based Products, AgResearch Grasslands, Private Bag 11008, Tennent Drive, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. - - 2014
Selenium may play a beneficial role in multi-factorial illnesses with genetic and environmental linkages via epigenetic regulation in part via glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity. A meta-analysis was undertaken to quantify the effects of dietary selenium supplementation on the activity of overall GPx activity in different tissues and animal species and ...
Lendvai Adám Z AZ Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of - - 2014
Highly plastic endocrine traits are thought to play a central role in allowing organisms to respond rapidly to environmental change. Yet, not all individuals display the same degree of plasticity in these traits, and the costs of this individual variation in plasticity are unknown. We studied individual differences in corticosterone ...
Kobayashi S S S. Sasaki, Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, the University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan; E-mail: stssasak@m.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Tel: +81-3-5841-7872; Fax: - - 2014
To examine the association of dietary habits with high total antioxidant capacity (TAC) with frailty among elderly Japanese women. Cross-sectional multicenter study. Thirty-five of 47 prefectures in Japan. 2121 grandmothers or acquaintances of dietetic students aged 65 and older. Dietary TAC and food intakes were calculated using a validated brief-type ...
Suominen M H MH MH Suominen, Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital and Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Finland, - - 2014
Ageing is associated with an increased risk of malnutrition, decreased nutrient intake, unintentional weight loss and sarcopenia, which lead to frailty, functional disabilities and increased mortality. Nutrition combined with exercise is important in supporting older people's health, functional capacity and quality of life. To identify nutritional needs in various groups ...
Lee Pui Yee - - 2013
Differences in culture, language, and behavior between Chinese and Western consumers make entering the Chinese market a challenge. Chinese consumers may desire similar product features (e.g. brand name, quality, and flavor) to Western consumers but the value that consumers attach to the same product may differ cross-nationally. Besides values, an ...
Vogtmann Emily E Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, United States; Department of Epidemiology, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United - - 2014
To assess the associations between cruciferous vegetable (CV) intake, GST gene polymorphisms, and colorectal cancer (CRC) in a population of Chinese men. Using incidence density sampling, CRC cases (N = 340) diagnosed before December 31, 2010 within the Shanghai Men's Health Study were matched to noncases (N = 673). CV ...
Woziwodzka Anna - - 2013
Caffeine is one of the most important biologically active food components. In this paper we demonstrate that caffeine and other methylxanthines significantly reduce mutagenic activity of two food-derived heterocyclic aromatic amines, Trp-P-1 and Trp-P-2 in Salmonella typhimurium TA98 strain. Moreover, protection against Trp-P-1-induced mutagenicity was independent of liver S9 enzymatic ...
Shannonhouse John L JL Texas A&M Institute for Neuroscience, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, United - - 2014
Latency to feed in a novel environment assesses anxious behavior in rodents, but it is unclear whether it distinguishes anxiety from consumption or appetite. The anxiety-related feeding/exploration conflict (AFEC) test was used here to assess anxious behavior in Syrian hamsters for which increased cheek-pouching of food, but not overconsumption of ...
Lin Shao - - 2013
Objective: Compared fish consumption patterns, fish advisory/benefit awareness and risk factors of consuming high-mercury (Hg) fish between Chinese and non-Chinese adults. Methods: 301 Chinese and 120 non-Chinese participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants self-reported demographics, fish consumption behavior, and awareness of warnings/benefits of fish consumption. Results: non-Chinese (62.5%) ate more ...
Teubner Brett J W BJ Department of Biology and Obesity Reversal Center, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4010, - - 2013
Central administration of neuropeptide Y (NPY) increases food intake in laboratory rats and mice, as well as food foraging and hoarding in Siberian hamsters. The NPY-Y1 and Y5 receptors (Rs) within the hypothalamus appear sufficient to account for these increases in ingestive behaviors. Stimulation of NPY-Y2Rs in the Arcuate nucleus ...
Ma Wan-Li - - 2013
Parabens are widely used as preservatives in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. However, recent studies have indicated that high and systemic exposure to parabens can be harmful to human health. Although a few studies have reported urinary paraben levels in western countries, studies on paraben exposure in the Chinese population are ...
Zhou Ping Ping - - 2013
To assess the current status of the acrylamide in the Chinese food supply, the dietary acrylamide exposure in the Chinese population and to estimate the public health risks of the current consumption. The acrylamide content in the total diet study (TDS) food samples was analyzed using an LC-MS/MS method. Based ...
Liu Pei - - 2013
Foodborne illness is a challenge in the production and service of ethnic foods. The purpose of the study described in this article was to explore variables influencing the behaviors of U.S. Chinese restaurant owners/operators regarding the provision of food safety training in their restaurants. Seventeen major Chinese cultural values were ...
Liou Doreen - - 2013
Aim:The purpose of this research was to examine the attitudes, beliefs and behaviours related to obesity risk reduction in Chinese Americans.Methods:A questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of 300 US-born and foreign-born Chinese Americans residing in the New York metropolitan area, ranging from 18 to 40 years of age. ...
Yu Yanxin - - 2013
The temporal trends in daily dietary exposure of the populations in Beijing and Shenyang, China to DDTs and HCHs through consumption of various food categories and the associated health risks were investigated in this work. The estimated dietary intakes of DDTs and HCHs in 2005/2007 were almost one and two ...
Teubner Brett J W BJ Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4010, - - 2013
Ghrelin is an orexigenic hormone produced by the stomach in direct proportion to the time since the last meal and has therefore been called a 'hunger signal'. The octanoylation of ghrelin is critical for its orexigenic functions and is dependent upon ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT) catalyzation. The GOAT inhibitor, GO-CoA-Tat, decreases ...
Zhao Zhi-Jun - - 2013
Food restriction induces a loss of body mass that is often followed by rapid regaining of the lost weight when the restriction ends, consequently increasing a risk of development of obesity. To determine the physiological and behavioral mechanisms underlining the regaining, striped hamsters were restricted to 85% of initial food ...
Li Lin - - 2013
Background: To investigate the internal validity of a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) developed for use in Chinese women and to compare habitual dietary intakes between population and hospital controls measured by the FFQ. Materials and Methods: A quantitative FFQ and a short food habit questionnaire (SFHQ) were developed and adapted for ...
Luo Xiao - - 2013
Obesity is regarded as a potential risk factor for atopy. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of obesity with atopic dermatitis, rhinitis, asthma and food allergy in Chinese adults. Two hundred and sixty six (266) atopic cases in Harbin, China, were identified according to the current ...
Wang Dong - - 2013
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the joint associations of physical activity level (PAL) and dietary patterns in relation to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among Chinese men. The study population consisted of 13 511 Chinese males aged 18-59 years from the 2002 China National Nutrition and ...
Lau K-K - - 2013
Objetives: To investigate the effects of garlic on endothelial function in patients with ischemic stroke (ISS). Design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: 125 Chinese patients with prior ISS due to athero-thrombotic disease were recruited from the outpatient clinics during July 2005 to December 2006. Measurements: Daily allium vegetable intake (including garlic, onions, ...
Sun Jing J School of Public Health, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University , Gold Coast, QLD , - - 2013
Studies of Western populations demonstrate a relationship between dietary patterns and cardiovascular-related risk factors. Similar research regarding Chinese populations is limited. This study explored the dietary patterns of Chinese older adults and their association with cardiovascular-related risk factors, including hypertension, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. Data were collected using a 34-item ...
Kwok Flora Yin-Ying - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dietary assessment is crucial for monitoring nutritional status of young children. This study applied a modified Chinese food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess nutrient intakes of young picky-eating Hong Kong children. METHODS: Nutrient intakes were obtained by FFQ and 3-day food record (3DFR) in 29 picky-eating children aged 44.8±9.2 ...
Carlsohn Anja - - 2012
The study was conducted to investigate the quantity and the main food sources of carbohydrate (CHO) intake of junior elite triathletes during a short-term moderate (MOD; 12 km swimming, 100 km cycling, 30 km running per wk) and intensive training period (INT; 23 km swimming, 200 km cycling, 45 km ...
Ma Yan - - 2012
Food allergy is an important clinical problem of increasing prevalence worldwide. Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated allergic responses are the most widely recognized form of food allergy. The prevalence of food allergy is influenced by country, age, culture, and dietary habits. Strategies for the prevention of food allergy have been extensively studied. ...
Suttirak Weerayuth W School of Pharmacy, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, 80161 - - 2014
The growing interest in the replacement of synthetic food antioxidants by natural ones has fostered research on the screening of plant-derived raw materials for identifying new antioxidants. The special attention of research today is focused on inexpensive or residual sources from agricultural industries. Fruit peels as sources of powerful natural ...
Bong Yeon-Sik - - 2012
An elemental analysis was performed on 30 Korean and Chinese kimchi samples in combination with strontium (Sr) isotope ratio measurements to develop a method for tracing the geographic origins of Korean and Chinese kimchi. We found a distinct difference between Korean and Chinese kimchi in such specific elements as K, ...
Feng Yao-Ze - - 2012
Food safety is a great public concern, and outbreaks of food-borne illnesses can lead to disturbance to the society. Consequently, fast and nondestructive methods are required for sensing the safety situation of produce. As an emerging technology, hyperspectral imaging has been successfully employed in food safety inspection and control. After ...
Elmasry Gamal - - 2012
The requirements of reliability, expeditiousness, accuracy, consistency, and simplicity for quality assessment of food products encouraged the development of non-destructive technologies to meet the demands of consumers to obtain superior food qualities. Hyperspectral imaging is one of the most promising techniques currently investigated for quality evaluation purposes in numerous sorts ...
Shohag M J I MJ Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environmental Remediation and Ecosystem Health, College of Environmental and Resources Science, Zhejiang Universiy, Hangzhou, 310058, Peoples Republic of - - 2012
Folate deficiency increases the risk of chronic diseases, including neural tube defects (NTDs) in infants, megaloblastic anemia, cardiovascular disease, and some cancers in adults. China is the most NTDs prevalent area in the world. Folate deficiency in China can be reduced by proper supply of fresh leafy green vegetables but ...
Yi-Feng Zhang - - 2012
Competition can greatly affect the food hoarding strategies of rodents and the fate of seeds hoarded. In order to understand the influence of interspecific competition on food caching behavior of sympatric rodents, we investigated food hoarding patterns of two sympatric rodent species, buff-breasted rat (Rattus flavipectus) and Chinese white-bellied rat ...
Cudney Sarah E - - 2012
The rising prevalence of obesity is associated with an increasing incidence of heart disease, diabetes and other health risks. In addition, severe cases of obesity are associated with an even greater risk of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, animal models of morbid obesity are required to better elucidate the underlying mechanisms. ...
Carratalà Anna - - 2012
Poultry farming may introduce pathogens into the environment and food chains. High concentrations of chicken/turkey parvoviruses were detected in chicken stools and slaughterhouse and downstream urban wastewaters by applying new PCR-based specific detection and quantification techniques. Our results confirm that chicken/turkey parvoviruses may be useful viral indicators of poultry fecal ...
Islam M A - - 2012
Background/objectives:To examine the bacteriological quality of complementary foods (CF) and to correlate the results with diarrhoeal morbidity and nutritional status of Bangladeshi children aged 6-24 months.Subjects/methods:A total of 212 CF samples were tested, of which 72 were collected immediately before the first time of feeding (1 h of food preparation) and ...
Kim Sandra S Riddet Institute, and Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey Univ, Palmerston North, New Zealand. - - 2012
A predictive color matching model based on the colorimetric technique was developed and used to calculate the concentrations of primary food dyes needed in a model food substrate to match a set of standard tile colors. This research is the first stage in the development of novel three-dimensional (3D) foods ...
Fryd Michael M - - 2012
Recent advances in the growing field of nanoemulsions are opening up new applications in many areas such as pharmaceuticals, foods, and cosmetics. Moreover, highly controlled nanoemulsions can also serve as excellent model systems for investigating basic scientific questions about soft matter. Here, we highlight some of the most recent developments ...
Dooley James C - - 2012
In seasonally breeding mammals, vernal reproductive development is not directly triggered by increases in day length, rather, an endogenous program of photorefractoriness to short winter days initiates spontaneous development in advance of spring. The transition to the reproductive phenotype is energetically demanding. How food availability in late winter and early ...
Dodds Chris M CM Experimental Medicine, GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals, Clinical Unit Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Centre for Clinical Investigation, Box 128, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK. - - 2012
The dopamine D(3) receptor is thought to be a potential target for treating compulsive disorders such as drug addiction and obesity. Here, we used functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to investigate the effects the selective dopamine D(3) receptor antagonist GSK598809 on brain activation to food images in a sample of ...
Hotham Sarah - - 2012
This study investigated the attentional control of restrained eaters when exposed to food. Restrained (N = 55) and unrestrained eaters (N = 56) completed a color word Stroop task. Top-down attentional control was assessed by adaptation effects (the Stroop effect is smaller when the previous trial is an incongruent color ...
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