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Results 451 - 499 of 499
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Isaksson B - - 1982
Doctors often consider malnutrition as a set of symptoms rather than being a state of nourishment. Consequently, the nutrition of patients without obvious signs of malnutrition is often neglected. Among all categories of patients, unrecognized malnutrition at admission or under-feeding during hospitalization are everyday occurrences. Dietary records of hospitalized patients ...
Pizzo P A - - 1982
In an attempt to expand and improve the semi-sterile "cooked food diet" usually administered to patients undergoing gastrointestinal decontamination or protected isolation, the authors have evaluated the microbiologic content of 236 commercially available food items. The items tested were selected by patients for their ease of preparation, ready availability, and ...
Pare C M - - 1982
Administration of amitriptyline greatly diminished the pressor response to intravenous tyramine in patients receiving monoamine-oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). Dothiepin and trimipramine, however, produced little change in sensitivity to tyramine. It is suggested that a combination of amitriptyline and an MAOI, started together in a modest dose that is then increased, may ...
McCabe B - - 1982
This paper proposes a reasonable MAOI diet, in common food terms, with a rationale supported by a critical review of the literature. Exaggerated fears of food and MAOI interactions can be alleviated and MAOIs should not be withheld from patients who could benefit from the treatment. Principles for dietary counseling ...
rorsman H - - 1982
In Riehl's melanosis, first observed in 1917, facial hyperpigmentation, most pronounced on the forehead and in the zygomatic and/or temporal regions is the dominant symptom. Riehl could find no explanation for the condition, but suggested that certain foods used during the war could be responsible. Riehl's melanosis has later been ...
Umerah B C - - 1981
Spondylosis can lead to dysphagia in the elderly. In these patients pressure of solid food on the osteophytes very probably induces pain and cricopharyngeal spasm, and a transient sharp cut-off is seen in the barium column at fluoroscopy. Three cases are presented and it is suggested that this triad should ...
Molkhou P - - 1981
Thirty-five children with atopic dermatitis were proven to be allergic to various foods by dietary elimination and challenge, radio-allergosorbent test (RAST) and human basophil degranulation test (HBDT). Oral sodium cromoglycate improved skin lesions in these patients and protected them from the effects of challenge with food allergens. This protective effect ...
Funch-Jensen P - - 1981
The gastroesophageal sphincter pressure (GESP) was studied before, during, and after food intake in nine patients with abnormal duodenal loop (AD), six patients with a normal duodenum (controls), and seven healthy volunteers. In normal and control subjects a significant increase in GESP was observed during food intake, in contrast to ...
Berg T - - 1981
Food allergy is often, but far from always, of importance in atopic dermatitis in children. Positive findings in the allergological diagnosis are more common in children who also have other atopic symptoms than their eczema. The results of the allergological diagnosis are often hard to evaluate and sometimes misleading. Skin ...
Salkind M R - - 1980
Skin conductance changes were measured in nine patients suffering from either frank anorexia nervosa or closely related feeding disorders after presentation of a series of food- and weight-related stimuli in imagination. The conductance changes observed were either absent or small. By contrast, in two of the patients who also had ...
Valverde E - - 1980
The authors studied the stimulation of lymphocytes in 44 patients with histories of allergic tension-fatigue syndrome using a series of food extracts and additives. Of a total of 44 patients studied, 42 produced a positive response (RI), 18.1% produced a positive response to additives, 40.9% to food and 36.6% to ...
Madamba A - - 1980
According to the previous experience of the author, he affirms that the hyperergic factor plays an important role in the etiopathogenesis of atopic dermatitis and that the sensitization to foods present in 77% of the cases was the most important factor. This percentage can be seen to be potentiated by ...
McLinn S E - - 1980
The safety and efficacy of cefaclor were compared with amoxicillin trihydrate in the treatment of 130 cases of otitis media, and with penicillin V potassium in 88 cases of streptococcal pharyngitis in two single-blind controlled studies. Patients with otitis media received approximately 40 mg/kg/day of cefaclor or amoxicillin trihydrate for ...
Conde-Salazar L - - 1980
Five carpenters in a television set factory had allergic contact dermatitis of the hands, forearms and neck after contact with the sawdust of the Brazilian rosewood substitute Machaerium scleroxylon Tul. (Pao ferro). Patch tests with R-3,4-dimethoxydalbergione from Pao ferro and with two other dalbergiones from rosewood species were positive. R-3,4-dimethoxydalbergione ...
Hoskins J A - - 1980
The plant enzyme phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) will survive in the gut for long enough to deplete the phenylalanine derived from food protein and so reduce the rise in blood phenylalanine that otherwise occurs after a protein meal. This effect has been demonstrated in healthy adults and phenylketonuric (PKU) patients. ...
Hannuksela M - - 1980
Contact urticaria appears either as wheal and flare reactions or as dermatitis resembling other types of contact dermatitis. A nonimmunologic form of contact urticaria is seen more frequently than the allergic form of the disease in experimental conditions. However, the immunologic form of contact urticaria is clinically more important. It ...
Long A - - 1979
We describe a lumped-component stabilized point contact SQUID magnetometer, biased at 430 MHz and utilizing a cooled (4.2 K) GaAs FET preamplifier. The system incorporateds a full-bandwidth (5-10 MHz) flux-locked loop and has an overall flux sensitivity of 1x10(-5) Phi0/(Hz)(1/2), corresponding to an energy sensitivity approximately 4.5x10(-31) J/Hz.
Steele P - - 1979
Platelet survival time (SURV) has correlated with thromboembolism in patients with prosthetic cardiac valves. Sulfinpyrazone increases SURV. SURV (autologous labeling with 51Chromium) was measured in 126 patients who had aortic or mitral valve replacement. These patients were followed prospectively. Ninety-four with shortened SURV received sulfinpyrazone; 32 with normal SURV were ...
Suzuki Y - - 1979
A 36-year-old man who worked at a chemical factory manifested contact dermatitis due to hydrazine derivatives. Thirty workers out of 130 in this factory were suspected of contracting contact dermatitis on exposed areas. Aminoguanidine hydrochloride, a blender for chicken feed, and the precursor and intermediate products of 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole, a herbicide, ...
Silverman A - - 1979
A study showing the superiority of fluocinonide (0.05 percent) cream over halcinonide (0.1 percent) cream in the treatment of atopic dermatitis is presented herein.
Salzman L - - 1979
Obsessional defenses require a confronting, active therapist in order to break through the intellectualized, ritualized, and highly distracting productions of the patients. The tendency to obfuscate through details and rigid adherence to the instructions demands a loose, flexible, and direct interaction from a therapist who is not too obessional and ...
Samsinák K - - 1979
The authors describe new cases of human dermatitis caused by Pyemotes herfsi occurring in the food mixing shed for the farrowing house in the piggery at a farm in the destrict of Olomouc, where seven persons handling feedstuff were infected. The disease became manifest as a papular rash, appearing particularly ...
Gazzard B G - - 1978
Fifty ileostomy and 50 colostomy patients were questioned as to which foods upset their stoma function. Most patients had no problem in finding a suitable diet and 70 per cent would eat any food on occasions, although half the patients found that side effects with particular foods were a nuisance. ...
Rösch W - - 1978
In patients with wide-open bilio-digestive anastomoses peroral cholangioscopy using the pediatric endoscope GIF-P2 is easily performed. The common bile duct is visualised down to the papilla and up to the distributaries of the hepatic ducts. The instrumentation channel allows mobilisation of incarcerated concretions, extraction of food particles (cholangiophytiasis) and guided ...
Jenkins M S - - 1978
A blink beeper was devised to remind patients with incomplete or infrequent blinking to blink completely and at normal intervals; the beeper worked by transmitting an audible tone every ten seconds through an earphone. In three postkeratoplasty patients, this simplistic approach not only resulted in a complete blink at regular ...
Cohen S I - - 1978
A girl of 17 years with severe anorexia nervosa, treated on a medical ward in a teaching hospital, developed bulimia, stole food, was sometimes doubly incontinent, behaved angrily, and aroused the hostility of patients and staff. The growth of a vicious circle of hostility is described and it was hypothesized ...
Sofianides T - - 1978
By using a standardized method of cervical esophagraphy, parathyroid adenomas were successfully localized preoperatively in 19 of 20 consecutive patients with hyperparathyrodism. Two of the 19 patients had a second adenoma which was not demonstrated. The esophagrams were performed in the frontal projection with a 105-mm camera by utilizing rapid ...
Price S M - - 1978
Three cases of allergic contact dermatitis due to N,N-dimethyl-para-phenylenediamine in a bacteriology laboratory are presented. This chemical, a dye closely related to the common contact allergen para-phenylenediamine, is used in laboratories to screen bacterial culture plates for Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The three patients had strongly positive patch test reactions to N,N-dimethyl-para-phenylenediamine, ...
Pavlov H - - 1978
Improved lower extremity venography has been achieved by a distally directed superficial foot venipuncture. Supine position and short procedure time afford excellent patient acceptance. Dilute contrast is believed responsible for eliminating venospasm and postvenography phlebitis; the low sodium concentration permits safe evaluation of cardiac patients. Sequential imaging (and the use ...
Irwin R S - - 1977
During a five-year period, food asphyxiation caused 1.3% of all deaths of patients who came to autopsy at a hospital for chronic diseases. Patients died suddendly, during or shortly after meals. Acute myocardial infarction was mistakenly diagnosed in eight of the 14 patients until autopsy was performed. Sedation, old age, ...
Godfrey C M - - 1977
A series of patients with amputations were investigated to determine the effect on gait of increasing the mass of the prosthetic foot. Weights of 113.4 and 226.8 gm (4 and 8 oz) were added and gait parameters observed. No changes were noted as the result of the extra foot mass.
Herlinger H - - 1977
The diagnostic accuracy of the DCBM and of endoscopy were compared in 50 consecutive patients. Examinations were conducted in comparable circumstances, without any cross information. A percentage score method was evolved to allow a numerically more significant assessment. The potential accuracy of the DCBM was calculated to be 96% of ...
Friend W G - - 1977
Six common foods can cause the clinical entity called "idiopathic" pruritus ani. They are coffee, tea, cola, beer, chocolate, and tomatoes. Pruritus ani occurs in 24 to 48 hours when a patient consumers more than a threshold amount of one or more of these foods and disappears spontaneously in a ...
Menné T - - 1976
Nickel excretion in urine in four females sensitive to nickel with an intermittent dyshidrotic eruption was measured with flameless atomic absorption. Excretion of nickel was found to be increased in association with outbreaks of vesicles. The results support the idea that the chronic condition was maintained by ingestion of nickel ...
Kuhlemeier K V - - 1976
Insensible weightlosses (IWL) were determined in each of 24 patients with physiologically complete spinal cord transection. The patients were placed on a bed balance with an accuracy of +/- 5 g in an environmental chamber maintained at 24 degrees C. dry bulb and 17 degrees C. wet bulb temperature. Bihourly ...
Maibach H - - 1976
A patient had a chronic hand eczema, presumably as a manifestation of atopy. Treatment resistance appeared due to handling certain foods that produced burning and stinging in the chronically eczematous skin and not in otherwise normal skin. Selected tests for delayed hypersensitivity and for immediate hyper sensitivity on intact skin ...
Rea W J - - 1976
Ten randomly selected patients with recurrent non-traumatic thrombophlebitis of unknown etiology were studied using a comprehensive environmental control method. All cleared their phlebitis without medications. Using withdrawal and challenge of incitants, eight of 10 patients had their phlebitis reproduced. The numerous single triggering agents were common-place inhaled and ingested foods ...
Puhvel S M - - 1975
A technique for quantitating bacteria in isolated pilosebaceous follicles is described. This involves microdissection of the follicles from biopsies of skin, using the method of chemical pretreatment of skin to facilitate the separation of the epidermis and epidermal appendages from the dermis. The aerobic cocci and anaerobic diphtheroids in pilosebaceous ...
Le Roith D - - 1975
A patient with tuberculous empyema who presented with severe hyponatraemia, is described. In the course of investigation, he was discovered to be suffering from isolated adrenocorticotrophic hormone deficiency.
Tsuji T - - 1975
Light and electron microscopic studies were performed utilizing serial sections in 10 patients with secondary milia to clarify the incidence of eccrine duct milia and to demonstrate the life history of the milia. Out of 69 milia after blistering taken from 8 patients, 52 were found to connect with the ...
Hilden T - - 1975
A syndrome is described which affects subjects whose consumption of beer is considerable but who take no or little ordinary food. The symptoms include fatigue, dizziness, and muscular weakness; the biochemical changes are hyponatraemia and hypokalaemia. The disorder is rapidly resolved by stay in hospital. Beer is poor in Na ...
McGinley K J - - 1975
The composition of the scalp microflora was assessed quantitatively in normal individuals and in patients with dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis, disorders characterized by increasing scaling. Three organisms were constantly found: (1) Pityrosporum, (2) aerobic cocci, and (3) Corynebacterium acnes. Pityrosporum (mainly Pityrosporum ovale) made up 46% of the total microflora ...
Davies G J - - 1975
An assessment has been made in four hospitals of the food eaten by 40 patients on special diets restricted in energy, carbohydrate, fat, protein, or sodium. The diets eaten by most patients were significantly different from those prescribed, partly because of patients' unrestricted access to food they possessed or could ...
Epstein N - - 1974
Atopic dermatitis occurs in one to three percent of children in the first two years of life. This article discusses the disease's incidence, etiology, diagnosis and pathology, emphasizing the allergic connection with food. Complications and general treatment suggestions are also discussed, while symptomatic treatment is divided into three phases: acute, ...
Fevery J - - 1974
Moderate unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia decreasing after pneumatic dilatation of the gastrooesophageal sphincter, so permitting a normal amount of food to be taken was observed in two patients with achalasia. Liver biopsy was performed, and hepatic digitonin-activated bilirubin UDP-glucuronyltransferase activity was decreased in both, as is usually found in patients with Gilbert's ...
Man S C - - 1973
Forty normal subjects were assessed for local skin sensory changes of the knees after acupuncture needle insertion. Correct insertion sites were used on one knee and incorrect sites on the other knee. No significant change of sensation was found over the L3 and L5 dermatomes when incorrect sites were used. ...
Health & Safety Executive,Webmaster
Produced by the Health and Safety Executive, whose site is described separately in Intute, this full-text information leaflet describes the causes, and means of prevention, of occupational dermatitis, one of the main occupational health risks for the food and catering industries. It features a selection of case studies and lists ...
Travis S P - - 1992
The mouth, oesophagus, and anus are often involved in dystrophic and junctional epidermolysis bullosa, but the frequency is unknown. Among 246 patients with epidermolysis bullosa, dysphagia developed in 76% of those with recessive dystrophic, in 20% of those with dominant dystrophic, in 15% of those with junctional, and in 2% ...
Holder Helen - - 2009
'Thousands of patients are annually starved in the midst of plenty for want of attention to the ways which alone make it possible for them to take food' (Florence Nightingale, 1860).
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