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Results 451 - 500 of 529
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Sampson H A - - 1986
The role of food hypersensitivity in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis has been debated for years. One-hundred thirty-two children with severe atopic dermatitis were evaluated for food hypersensitivity using double-blind placebo-controlled oral food challenges. Fifty-nine percent of the children experienced at least one immediate hypersensitivity response. Definitive diagnosis of food ...
Lessell S - - 1986
Questionnaires were completed by 1083 nonesotropic control subjects and 170 patients with nonparalytic esotropia to determine handedness. The subjects, who had been drawn from patients attending ophthalmic clinics and private practices, were classified as right-handed, left-handed, or ambidextrous based on their answers to five questions about hand preference. Analysis of ...
Caputo R V - - 1986
Prevention or modification of the onset of atopic dermatitis has been difficult to document through prolonged breast feeding or delayed introduction of solid foods. Dietary management of established atopic dermatitis is not routinely indicated for the majority of patients. Dietary management of atopic dermatitis should not be continued indefinitely. Gradual ...
Zugerman C - - 1986
The lips are composed of striated muscle and connective tissue and are anatomically positioned to be maximally exposed to sunlight, environment, food, and tobacco. A number of topics relevant to the lips are presented, including contact dermatitis, contact urticaria, benign and malignant systemic processes, and the effect of systemically administered ...
Rajka G - - 1986
Answers to a questionnaire on atopic dermatitis sent to clinicians in different countries--excluding Europe and North America--were evaluated. The questions included frequency as well as the possible role of special influencing/aggravating factors in atopic dermatitis patients. According to the data from 19 different countries, climatologic/geographic conditions, profession, and psychic stress ...
Wohlfarth G W - - 1986
Common carp of the Chinese and European races and their cross were tested in different environments. The test groups were either stocked together into the same pond, or each group was stocked separately. Mean growth, taken as a measure of the quality of the environment, varied widely between treatments. Genotype-environment ...
van Joost T - - 1986
A surprisingly high incidence of chloramphenicol sensitization is reported in 8 patients with periocular or periauricular dermatitis. In 6 of them, relevance was established to the use of topical chloramphenicol. Concurrent sensitization to polymyxin B sulphate was found in 2. The findings stress the fact that chloramphenicol allergy remains a ...
Sampson H A - - 1986
Atopic dermatitis is a disorder that affects up to 4.3% of the pediatric population. Its etiology is unknown, but is probably multifactorial. Evidence has been presented to implicate a role for "allergy" in the pathogenesis of AD. Disregarding the myriad of clinical reports, there is sufficient data in the literature ...
Berman B A - - 1986
Based on the disagreements about the role of atopy in the condition known as atopic dermatitis, it is not surprising that there have been divergent views concerning the appropriate treatment of the disease. A large population of physicians, including most dermatologists and some allergists, believe that the fundamental approach to ...
Wong R R Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C. Canada V6T - - 1985
Male and female hamsters and gerbils were randomly assigned to one of three groups. The animals were tested under ad lib feeding conditions or food deprived until they had lost either 10% or 20% of their predeprivation body weight. They were given a 30-min. hoarding test for three consecutive days. ...
Boner A L - - 1985
The effects of dietary restriction and food challenge were evaluated in five children with atopic dermatitis, as a possible predictive marker for the dietary management of this clinically perplexing disease. Two of the five showed significant elevation of plasma histamine; an additional two demonstrated the presence of immune complexes and ...
Cofield B G - - 1985
A painter experienced an extensive dermatitis when exposed to a paint primer (undercoating) used to protect wood siding. The primer was an acrylic emulsion with a polyfunctional aziridine added as a self-curing cross-linker or hardener. The polyfunctional aziridine cross-linker was made by reacting propyleneimine with a polyfunctional acrylate, trimethylolpropane triacrylate ...
Flannigan S A - - 1985
Synthetic pyrethroids are widely used insecticides with numerous applications, varying from food protection to general pest control. Humans are capable of tolerating greater acute and chronic exposures to the pyrethroids than to many other insecticides. An abnormal cutaneous sensation (paresthesia) is known to occur after dermal contact with the pyrethroids. ...
Peltonen L - - 1985
The occurrence of skin diseases in employees engaged in the food industry has been investigated by means of an epidemiological cross-sectional study. Of the 1052 workers in a large factory in Turku (Finland), 17% reported a current skin disease. Occupational eczema was diagnosed in 8,5% of the 541 female employees ...
Atherton D J - - 1984
A major aetiologic role for foods has been demonstrated in urticaria, atopic eczema and dermatitis herpetiformis. In some patients with urticaria, whealing occurs within minutes of the ingestion of a particular food. In most, but not necessarily all cases, this appears to be a consequence of IgE-mediated cutaneous mast cell ...
Wu R K - - 1984
The pharmacodynamics of Tc-99m dimethyliminodiacetic acid were studied for normal subjects and for patients with a variety of hepatobiliary disorders. It was determined that, in normal subjects, approximately 65% of the gallbladder agent bypassed the gallbladder and was excreted directly from the liver into the small intestine. This bypassing of ...
Hurwitz R M - - 1984
A black spot in the epidermis over a blister of poison ivy dermatitis is an uncommon finding. Four patients with the phenomenon are described. Histologic and histochemical studies were made on biopsy material and the blackish deposit on the skin surface was compared with black deposits in and on leaves ...
David T J - - 1984
The intake of nutrients over a five day period was studied in 23 children whose atopic eczema was being treated by the avoidance of multiple foods. The results were compared with those from 23 healthy control children not on a diet. Significantly low intakes of calcium were discovered in 13 ...
Bartram C I - - 1984
A non-washout preparation using Picolax in 40 patients, compared with a standard method using washouts in 38 patients, showed no significant difference in the contamination by residual formed or semiliquid faeces, although Picolax was associated with significantly more contamination due to adherent faeces and mucus. The overall differences in contamination ...
Gass J D - - 1984
One or more signs of occult neovascularization usually accompany large serous detachments of the retinal pigment epithelium occurring in patients older than 50 years of age. Evidence is presented that a flattened or notched border of these detachments is a frequently encountered and an important biomicroscopic and fluorescein angiographic sign ...
Matzke G R - - 1984
The apparent hemodialyzer elimination rate constant and clearance for gentamicin and tobramycin were determined during 100 routine hemodialysis treatments in 49 patients. Three different dialyzers (CDAK 3500, CF 1211, and CF 1511), which vary in membrane composition, surface area, and thickness, were evaluated. The elimination rate constant in each patient ...
Mahon L M - - 1984
The effect of informational feedback on the protein and caloric consumption of burn patients was investigated using a multiple-baseline across subjects. The patients were four severely burned adult males who failed to consume sufficient foods to achieve prescribed levels of protein or kilocalories via standard burn unit procedures during recovery. ...
Wong R R Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, V6T - - 1984
This project dealt with a comparative analysis of the effects of food deprivation on feeding and hoarding in hamsters and gerbils. The animals were given food in their home cage and their food intake was measured during a 30-min period after which they were transferred to an apparatus in which ...
Barnetson R S - - 1983
Precipitating antibodies to foods have been assayed in three groups of patients with atopy. Forty-five per cent of patients with atopic eczema and IgE-mediated food allergy had precipitins to foods in their serum compared with only 15% of patients with atopic eczema without evidence of food allergy, and 16% of ...
Markley E J - - 1983
The results of this study indicate that patients with dysgeusia can be classified into groups on the basis of the number and kinds of foods and beverages they perceive as distorted. Furthermore, a relationship between this classification and weight loss has been demonstrated, suggesting that caloric intake is decreased, particularly ...
Jernberg G R - - 1983
ONE HUNDRED FOUR adult subjects (mean age 42.8 years, SD = 16.3 years) with unilateral open contacts were assessed interproximally for periodontal status at both the open and contralateral closed contact. An open contact was defined by unrestricted passage of unwaxed dental floss through the interproximal area. Gingival index, crevicular ...
Cockerill F R FR - - 1983
Although most ingested foreign bodies usually pass through the gastrointestinal tract uneventfully, such objects infrequently cause intestinal perforation and may even result in death. Herein we present five cases of gastrointestinal perforation caused by toothpicks. In one of these patients, the toothpick penetrated the inferior vena cava and caused overwhelming ...
Bloom D A - - 1983
The stoma is the weak link of external urinary diversion. Improper stomal position or configuration produces the unnecessary burden of leakage for the patient with diversion. Stomal bleeding, incrustation and peristomal dermatitis cause inconvenience and expense. Stomal stenosis is the most common reason for repeat operation of an ileal conduit. ...
Veien N K - - 1983
In a retrospective study covering a five-year period, 3664 consecutive patients suspected to suffer from contact dermatitis were patch tested in a private dermatology clinic. 180 of these patients had food handling occupations; they were employed in restaurant or institutional kitchens, fish factories, bakeries, or slaughterhouses. 25 of the 180 ...
Isaksson B - - 1982
Doctors often consider malnutrition as a set of symptoms rather than being a state of nourishment. Consequently, the nutrition of patients without obvious signs of malnutrition is often neglected. Among all categories of patients, unrecognized malnutrition at admission or under-feeding during hospitalization are everyday occurrences. Dietary records of hospitalized patients ...
Pizzo P A - - 1982
In an attempt to expand and improve the semi-sterile "cooked food diet" usually administered to patients undergoing gastrointestinal decontamination or protected isolation, the authors have evaluated the microbiologic content of 236 commercially available food items. The items tested were selected by patients for their ease of preparation, ready availability, and ...
Pare C M - - 1982
Administration of amitriptyline greatly diminished the pressor response to intravenous tyramine in patients receiving monoamine-oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). Dothiepin and trimipramine, however, produced little change in sensitivity to tyramine. It is suggested that a combination of amitriptyline and an MAOI, started together in a modest dose that is then increased, may ...
McCabe B - - 1982
This paper proposes a reasonable MAOI diet, in common food terms, with a rationale supported by a critical review of the literature. Exaggerated fears of food and MAOI interactions can be alleviated and MAOIs should not be withheld from patients who could benefit from the treatment. Principles for dietary counseling ...
rorsman H - - 1982
In Riehl's melanosis, first observed in 1917, facial hyperpigmentation, most pronounced on the forehead and in the zygomatic and/or temporal regions is the dominant symptom. Riehl could find no explanation for the condition, but suggested that certain foods used during the war could be responsible. Riehl's melanosis has later been ...
Umerah B C - - 1981
Spondylosis can lead to dysphagia in the elderly. In these patients pressure of solid food on the osteophytes very probably induces pain and cricopharyngeal spasm, and a transient sharp cut-off is seen in the barium column at fluoroscopy. Three cases are presented and it is suggested that this triad should ...
Launay M M Laboratoire de Psychologie Expérimentale et Comparée, Université PaulValéry, BP 5043, 34032 Montpellier - - 1981
Partial reinforcement (PR) effects on animal locomotor behavior were studied in the golden hamster, using food-hoarding activity as a reinforcer. The first experiment demonstrated that hoarding reinforces a running response towards the goal section of a straight-alley runway, and that no such learning occurs when sated hamsters were not allowed ...
Molkhou P - - 1981
Thirty-five children with atopic dermatitis were proven to be allergic to various foods by dietary elimination and challenge, radio-allergosorbent test (RAST) and human basophil degranulation test (HBDT). Oral sodium cromoglycate improved skin lesions in these patients and protected them from the effects of challenge with food allergens. This protective effect ...
Funch-Jensen P - - 1981
The gastroesophageal sphincter pressure (GESP) was studied before, during, and after food intake in nine patients with abnormal duodenal loop (AD), six patients with a normal duodenum (controls), and seven healthy volunteers. In normal and control subjects a significant increase in GESP was observed during food intake, in contrast to ...
Berg T - - 1981
Food allergy is often, but far from always, of importance in atopic dermatitis in children. Positive findings in the allergological diagnosis are more common in children who also have other atopic symptoms than their eczema. The results of the allergological diagnosis are often hard to evaluate and sometimes misleading. Skin ...
Salkind M R - - 1980
Skin conductance changes were measured in nine patients suffering from either frank anorexia nervosa or closely related feeding disorders after presentation of a series of food- and weight-related stimuli in imagination. The conductance changes observed were either absent or small. By contrast, in two of the patients who also had ...
Valverde E - - 1980
The authors studied the stimulation of lymphocytes in 44 patients with histories of allergic tension-fatigue syndrome using a series of food extracts and additives. Of a total of 44 patients studied, 42 produced a positive response (RI), 18.1% produced a positive response to additives, 40.9% to food and 36.6% to ...
Madamba A - - 1980
According to the previous experience of the author, he affirms that the hyperergic factor plays an important role in the etiopathogenesis of atopic dermatitis and that the sensitization to foods present in 77% of the cases was the most important factor. This percentage can be seen to be potentiated by ...
McLinn S E - - 1980
The safety and efficacy of cefaclor were compared with amoxicillin trihydrate in the treatment of 130 cases of otitis media, and with penicillin V potassium in 88 cases of streptococcal pharyngitis in two single-blind controlled studies. Patients with otitis media received approximately 40 mg/kg/day of cefaclor or amoxicillin trihydrate for ...
Conde-Salazar L - - 1980
Five carpenters in a television set factory had allergic contact dermatitis of the hands, forearms and neck after contact with the sawdust of the Brazilian rosewood substitute Machaerium scleroxylon Tul. (Pao ferro). Patch tests with R-3,4-dimethoxydalbergione from Pao ferro and with two other dalbergiones from rosewood species were positive. R-3,4-dimethoxydalbergione ...
Hoskins J A - - 1980
The plant enzyme phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) will survive in the gut for long enough to deplete the phenylalanine derived from food protein and so reduce the rise in blood phenylalanine that otherwise occurs after a protein meal. This effect has been demonstrated in healthy adults and phenylketonuric (PKU) patients. ...
Hannuksela M - - 1980
Contact urticaria appears either as wheal and flare reactions or as dermatitis resembling other types of contact dermatitis. A nonimmunologic form of contact urticaria is seen more frequently than the allergic form of the disease in experimental conditions. However, the immunologic form of contact urticaria is clinically more important. It ...
Long A - - 1979
We describe a lumped-component stabilized point contact SQUID magnetometer, biased at 430 MHz and utilizing a cooled (4.2 K) GaAs FET preamplifier. The system incorporateds a full-bandwidth (5-10 MHz) flux-locked loop and has an overall flux sensitivity of 1x10(-5) Phi0/(Hz)(1/2), corresponding to an energy sensitivity approximately 4.5x10(-31) J/Hz.
Steele P - - 1979
Platelet survival time (SURV) has correlated with thromboembolism in patients with prosthetic cardiac valves. Sulfinpyrazone increases SURV. SURV (autologous labeling with 51Chromium) was measured in 126 patients who had aortic or mitral valve replacement. These patients were followed prospectively. Ninety-four with shortened SURV received sulfinpyrazone; 32 with normal SURV were ...
Suzuki Y - - 1979
A 36-year-old man who worked at a chemical factory manifested contact dermatitis due to hydrazine derivatives. Thirty workers out of 130 in this factory were suspected of contracting contact dermatitis on exposed areas. Aminoguanidine hydrochloride, a blender for chicken feed, and the precursor and intermediate products of 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole, a herbicide, ...
Silverman A - - 1979
A study showing the superiority of fluocinonide (0.05 percent) cream over halcinonide (0.1 percent) cream in the treatment of atopic dermatitis is presented herein.
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