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Modica L L Dipartimento per lo studio del Territorio e delle sue Risorse, Università degli Studi di Genova, Corso Europa 26, 16132, Genova, - - 2014
Predation and food consumption of five deep-sea fish species living below 1000 m depth in the western Mediterranean Sea were analysed to identify the feeding patterns and food requirements of a deep-sea fish assemblage. A feeding rhythm was observed for Risso's smooth-head Alepocephalus rostratus, Mediterranean grenadier Coryphaenoides mediterraeus and Mediterranean codling ...
Ray Haleigh A HA Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA, - - 2014
The cheyletid predator Hemicheyletia wellsina was found in association with orchid pests in a Florida greenhouse. The life history of H. wellsina was determined using the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, as prey in the laboratory. Hemicheyletia wellsina is arrhenotokous, with mated females producing a female-biased sex ratio of 3.4:1. ...
Llull Rosa R Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of the Balearic Islands, IdISPa and CIBERobn CB12/03/30038, Guillem Colom Bldg, Campus, 07122, Palma de Mallorca, - - 2014
Over the last decade, the immigrant population of the Balearic Islands archipelago (Spain), in the Mediterranean, has risen to 22 % of its total population. The aim of this study was to assess food consumption patterns among Balearic Islands' adolescents depending on their origin. A population-based cross-sectional nutritional survey was carried ...
Epstein Leonard H LH From the Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo. NY (LHE, NJ, HL, and RP), and the Addiction Recovery Research Center, Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, Roanoke, VA (MNK and - - 2014
Low income is related to food insecurity, and research has suggested that a scarcity of resources associated with low income can shift attention to the present, thereby discounting the future.OBJECTIVE: We tested whether attending to the present and discounting the future may moderate the influence of income on food insecurity.DESIGN: ...
de Morais Sato Priscila P Department of Health, Clinics and Institutions, Institute of Health and Society. Federal University of São Paulo, Campus Baixada Santista, Rua Silva Jardim, 136 - Santos/SP - CEP: 11015-020, Santos/SP - Brazil. Telephone number: 55 13 3349 4482/ 55 11 99314 4482.. Electronic address: - - 2014
A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted with mothers living in the city of Santos, Brazil, in order to investigate their eating practices, and the interface between those practices and the concept of habitus. From a cluster analysis of the scores for dietary pattern and for food preparation and consumption, the ...
Birhane Tesfay - - 2014
High food prices have emerged as a major global challenge, especially for poor and urban households in low-income countries such as Ethiopia. However, there is little empirical evidence on urban food security and how people living in urban areas are coping with sustained high food prices. This study aims to ...
Sale Peter F PF Institute for Water, Environment and Health, United Nations University, 175 Longwood Rd, Hamilton, ON L8P0A1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Over 1.3 billion people live on tropical coasts, primarily in developing countries. Many depend on adjacent coastal seas for food, and livelihoods. We show how trends in demography and in several local and global anthropogenic stressors are progressively degrading capacity of coastal waters to sustain these people. Far more effective ...
Barenys Marta M GRET-CERETOX and Toxicology Unit, Public Health Department, School of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Av. Joan XXIII s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; IUF - Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, Auf'm Hennekamp 50, 40225 Düsseldorf, - - 2014
This study evaluates the diet composition of a rural population near a gold mine in the Cajamarca district of Peru. The main consumed items by this population were tubers and cereals, and the mean energy intake (1990kcal) was shown not to cover the recommended intake values for the male population. ...
Teufel-Shone Nicolette I NI a College of Public Health , University of Arizona , Tucson , AZ , - - 2014
Objective. American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) suffer a disproportionate burden of diabetes. Identifying food choices of AI/ANs at risk of type 2 diabetes, living in both rural and urban settings, is critical to the development of culturally relevant, evidence-based education strategies designed to reduce morbidity and mortality in this ...
Barnes David K A DK British Antarctic Survey, NERC, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Life on Antarctica's coastal seabed rollercoasters between food-rich, open-water, iceberg-scoured summers and food-sparse winters, when the sea surface freezes into 'fast-ice', locking up icebergs, reducing their seabed collisions (scouring). In the last half century, there have been massive losses of winter sea ice along the Antarctic Peninsula, as well as ...
Abou El-Atta Doaa Abd El-Maksoud DA Plant Protection Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Dokki, Giza, 12619, - - 2014
Sancassania (Caloglyphus) berlesei (Michael) is a cosmopolitan and free-living mite that inhabits soil as well as laboratory colonies of insects and fungi and may have a role as a biocontrol agent of nematodes. In this study, we investigated the effects of temperature on the development, reproduction, and food consumption of ...
Berkman Elliot T ET Department of Psychology, University of Oregon; Prevention Sciences Institute, University of Oregon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Electronic devices such as mobile phones are quickly becoming a popular way to gather participant reports of everyday thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, including food cravings and intake. Electronic devices offer a number of advantages over alternative methods such as paper-and-pencil (PNP) assessment including automated prompts, on-the-fly data transmission, and participant ...
Rasheed Sabrina - - 2014
Evidence from numerous studies suggests that salt intake is an important determinant of elevated blood pressure. Robust data about salt consumption among adults in Bangladesh is sparse. However, much evidence suggests saline intrusion due to sea level rise as a result of climate change exposes more than 20 million people ...
Kinshella Mai-Lei Woo ML a Department of Anthropology , UBC , Vancouver , - - 2014
Based on ethnographic fieldwork in a coastal village in south-eastern Tanzania, this paper examines how social inequalities and social suffering become embodied in the lived experiences of hunger. The paper explores local meanings of food, fertility and hunger and how these concepts interconnect and materialize on a landscape impacted by ...
Baek Seung Hyun - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of detecting melamine in foodstuffs using terahertz imaging. The terahertz (THz) spectra and images of melamine mixtures were obtained in the frequency range of 0.1-3 THz at room temperature using THz time-domain spectroscopy. Characteristic absorption peaks of melamine were found ...
Fontana Juan M - - 2014
Objective monitoring of food intake and ingestive behavior in a free-living environment remains an open problem that has significant implications in study and treatment of obesity and eating disorders. In this paper, a novel wearable sensor system (automatic ingestion monitor, AIM) is presented for objective monitoring of ingestive behavior in ...
Chung Louisa Ming Yan LM Department of Health and Physical Education, the Hong Kong Institute of Education, 10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong. - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate a 3-week program comprising cooking demonstrations with free food samples in motivating elderly adults to cook more and improve their nutritional status. Design: An experimental pre-post study. Setting: Three districts in Hong Kong. Participants: Sixty aged 59-95 home-living adults. Intervention: Group A (one 1-day food sample given ...
Geerinckx Tom T Evolutionary Morphology of Vertebrates, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Of those fishes scraping food off substrates and using head parts in substrate attachment for station-holding, the catfish families Loricariidae, Astroblepidae and Mochokidae display the most dramatically adapted morphologies. Loricariidae and Astroblepidae, living in the Neotropical freshwaters, exclusively contain suckermouth catfish species, and their anatomy and head kinematics have already ...
Dias Pedro Américo D PA Instituto de Neuroetología, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, - - 2014
Habitat disturbance alters vegetation structure and composition. For example, in forest fragments, the rate of secondary plant species recruitment and mortality in species typical of old-growth forests are higher. For many arboreal primates, movement between fragments is infrequent and difficult, thus the dietary breadth of herbivorous primates that live in ...
Widome Rachel R 1 Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, 1300 South 2nd Street #300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, - - 2014
Food insecurity, or lack of access to sufficient food for a healthful lifestyle, has been associated with many aspects of poor health. While the economic struggles among veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have been documented, it is unknown how commonly this population struggles to afford food. Our ...
Walther Julia - - 2014
Abstract Background: Due to an alarming trend of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, along with the sparse data on dietary habits and lifestyle factors, the present study aims to analyze the current nutritional behavior as well as the lifestyle and mental health of adolescents and young adults living ...
Dickinson Angela A Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Research in Primary and Community Care, University of - - 2014
Foodborne illness (FBI) is a major public health problem in the UK. Recent increases in cases of listeriosis in older people have focused attention on consumer food-related practices. Previous studies highlight poor relationships between what people know, what they say they do and what they actually do in the kitchen. ...
van der Zanden Lotte D T LD Marketing and Consumer Behaviour Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Promoting protein consumption in the elderly population may contribute to improving the quality of their later years in life. Our study aimed to explore knowledge, perceptions and preferences of elderly consumers regarding protein-enriched food. We conducted three focus groups with independently living (ID) elderly (N = 24, Mage = 67 ...
Kegler Michelle C MC Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory Prevention Research Center, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe home food environments and examine which aspects are associated with fruit and vegetable intake and percent calories from fat among overweight and obese women. Baseline data from a weight gain prevention trial collected through telephone interviews. Participants were recruited from 3 federally qualified health centers in rural Georgia. ...
Menzel Paul T - - 2014
Competent patients have considerable legal authority to control life-and-death care. They may refuse medical life support, including medically delivered food and fluids. Even when they are not in need of any life-saving care, they may expedite death by refusing food and water by mouth-voluntarily stopping eating and drinking, or VSED. ...
Fewing Ross - - 2014
Mrs. F, seventy-five, was diagnosed with Alzheimer's. She and her spouse often discussed how to handle the progression of the disease. She was adamant about not coming to the point where she would be unable to recognize herself, her husband, or their son and daughter. The manner she chose was ...
Frazão Paulo P Department of Public Health Practice, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
We analyzed the association between food insecurity and dental caries in 7- to 9-yr-old schoolchildren. We performed a cross-sectional survey nested in a population-based cohort study of 203 schoolchildren. The participants lived in the urban area of a small town within the western Brazilian Amazon. Dental examinations were performed according ...
Ghattas Hala H Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236/NFSC, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107 2020, - - 2014
Iraqi refugees in Lebanon are vulnerable to food insecurity because of their limited rights and fragile livelihoods. The objective of the present study was to assess household food insecurity among Iraqi refugees living in Lebanon, almost 10 years after the invasion of Iraq. A representative survey of 800 UN High ...
Marlowe Frank W FW Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, University of Cambridge, Rm. 2.3, Henry Wellcome Building, Cambridge CB2 1QH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Honey is the most energy dense food in nature. It is therefore not surprising that, where it exists, honey is an important food for almost all hunter-gatherers. Here we describe and analyze widespread honey collecting among forgers and show that where it is absent, in arctic and subarctic habitats, honey ...
Pakseresht Mohammadreza - - 2014
Little is understood about the economic factors that have influenced the nutrition transition from traditional to store-bought foods that are typically high in fat and sugar amongst people living in the Canadian Arctic. This study aims to determine the pattern of household food expenditure in the Canadian Arctic. Local food ...
Kalichman Seth C SC Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Road, Storrs, CT, 06269, USA, - - 2014
Health disparities in access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) as well as the demands of long-term medication adherence have meant the full benefits of HIV treatment are often not realized. In particular, food insecurity has emerged as a robust predictor of ART non-adherence. However, research is limited in determining whether food ...
Kunnuji Michael M a Department of Sociology , University of Lagos , Lagos , - - 2014
Research has shown that in countries such as Nigeria many urban dwellers live in a state of squalour and lack the basic necessities of food, clothing and shelter. The present study set out to examine the association between forms of basic deprivation - such as food deprivation, high occupancy ratio ...
Cole Rebecca A - - 2014
In Southeast Asia, swamp eels (Synbranchidae: Monopterus spp.) are a common source of human gnathostomiasis, a foodborne zoonosis caused by advanced third-stage larvae (AL3) of Gnathostoma spp. nematodes. Live Asian swamp eels are imported to US ethnic food markets, and wild populations exist in several states. To determine whether these ...
de Beaufort Inez I Erasmus MC/University Medical Centre, Dept Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article is about respect for food, responsibility for lifestyle and diet and responsibility for those who suffer from lack of food. After some general reflections on food, feasts, flatulence, taboos and waste, I argue that we have a responsibility to live a healthy lifestyle, but that there are also ...
Margalida Antoni - - 2014
Recent changes in sanitary policies within the European Union (EU) concerning disposal of carcasses of domestic animals and the increase of non-natural mortality factors, such as illegal poisoning, are threatening European vultures. However, the effects of anthropogenic activities on demographic parameters are poorly studied. Using a long-term study (1994-2011) of ...
Lee Soo-Kyung SK Department of Food and Nutrition, Inha University, 100 Inharo, Namgu, Incheon 402-751, - - 2014
Food shortage situation in North Korea has gained much interest, however food insecurity caused by the food shortage in North Korean households has not been much investigated. This study examined food security experiences and food consumption pattern of displaced North Korean households currently living in South Korea. Food security experience ...
Dröscher Iris I Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology Unit, German Primate Center, Göttingen, - - 2014
Group-living folivorous primates can experience competition for food, and feeding competition has also been documented for solitarily foraging gummivorous and omnivorous primates. However, little is known about the types and consequences of feeding competition in solitary folivorous foragers. We conducted this study in the spiny forest of Berenty Reserve, southern ...
Astbury Nerys M NM University of Nottingham, School of Biomedical Sciences, Queen's Medical Centre, Clifton Boulevard, Nottingham, United Kingdom (NMA, MAT, and IAM), and Mars Inc, Slough, United Kingdom - - 2014
The manipulation of the composition of foods consumed as between-meal snacks may aid daily energy restriction. We compared the effects of the consumption of 2 energy-matched snack bars on appetite, energy intake (EI), and metabolic and endocrine responses. In addition, we investigated whether the acute effects of the consumption of ...
Sobal Jeffery J Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Contemporary families and food systems are both becoming more dynamic and complex, and current associations between adult family meals and body mass index (BMI) are not well understood. This investigation took a new approach by examining diverse settings and sources of food for family dinners in relationship to BMI in ...
Chi Donald L DL Donald L. Chi, Erin E. Masterson, Lloyd A. Mancl, and Susan E. Coldwell are with the Department of Oral Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Washington, Seattle. Adam C. Carle is with the Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, and the Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, - - 2014
We examined associations of household socioeconomic status (SES) and food security with children's oral health outcomes. We analyzed 2007 and 2008 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data for children aged 5 to 17 years (n = 2206) to examine the relationship between food security and untreated dental caries and to ...
Scheibehenne Benjamin B Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Missionsstrasse 62A, 4055 Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The heritability of variety seeking in the food domain was estimated from a large sample (N = 5543) of middle age to elderly monozygotic and dizygotic twins from the "Virginia 30,000" twin study. Different dietary variety scores were calculated based on a semi-quantitative food choice questionnaire that assessed consumption frequencies and quantities ...
Lucan Sean C SC Department of Family and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study describes mobile food vendors (street vendors) in Bronx, NY, considering neighborhood-level correlations with demographic, diet, and diet-related health measures from City data. Vendors offering exclusively "less-healthy" foods (e.g., chips, processed meats, sweets) outnumbered vendors offering exclusively "healthier" foods (e.g., produce, whole grains, nuts). Wet days and winter months ...
Moleón Marcos M School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits, 2050, Johannesburg, South Africa; Departamento de Biología Aplicada, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Ctra. Beniel Km 3.2, 03312, Orihuela, Alicante, - - 2014
Predation and scavenging have been classically understood as independent processes, with predator-prey interactions and scavenger-carrion relationships occurring separately. However, the mere recognition that most predators also scavenge at variable rates, which has been traditionally ignored in food-web and community ecology, leads to a number of emergent interaction routes linking predation ...
Schmaelzle Samantha - - 2014
Many programs aim to alleviate vitamin A deficiency. Biofortification is an approach to improve provitamin A carotenoid concentrations of staple crops in some developing countries. In rural Zambia, maize accounts for the majority of energy intake. Provitamin A-biofortified (orange) maize has been released in Zambia. This study quantified food intake ...
Inomata Chisato C Department of Prosthodontics, Gerodontology and Oral Rehabilitation, Osaka University Graduate School of - - 2014
The number of teeth has frequently been used as an indicator of oral health in investigations of food intake; however, this measure doesn't represent the efficacy of the masticatory performance. Masticatory performance may be more important for food selection and avoidance than number of remaining teeth. The aim of this ...
McCarthy Sinéad S Consumer Behaviour for Food and Health, Food Market & Consumer Research Group, Department of Agrifood Business & Spatial Analysis, Rural Economy and Development Programme, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Human behaviour is made up of many repeated patterns and habitual behaviours. Our day to day lives are punctuated by work, education, domestic chores, sleep and food. Changes in daily patterns such as not working in paid employment or attending school at the weekend contributes significantly to changes in dietary ...
Sohi Inderbir I Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, - - 2014
To explore potential differences in food shopping behaviors and healthy food availability perceptions between residents living in areas with low and high food access. A cross-sectional telephone survey to assess food shopping behaviors and perceptions. Data from an 8-county food environment field census used to define the Centers for Disease ...
Hui Amy Leung AL Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To enhance the dietary education presented to women with gestational diabetes (GDM) by exploring the reasons and experiences that women with GDM reported in making their food-choice decisions after receipt of dietary education from a healthcare professional. Food Choice Map (FCM) semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 30 women with ...
Borzutzky Arturo A Immunology and Rheumatology Unit, Division of - - 2014
Atopic dermatitis (AD) affects 10% to 20% of children worldwide. Its severity may be inversely correlated with 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels. Although low levels of vitamin D (VD) can cause rickets in infants, VD deficiency rickets is an unusual presentation in teenagers. We report the case of a 14-year-old girl ...
Grueter Cyril C CC Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany; Karisoke Research Center, Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International, BP 105, Musanze, North Province, Rwanda; School of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, The University of Western Australia, Crawley/Perth WA 6009, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maintaining a balanced energy budget is important for survival and reproduction, but measuring energy balance in wild animals has been fraught with difficulties. Female mountain gorillas are interesting subjects to examine environmental correlates of energy balance because their diet is primarily herbaceous vegetation, their food supply shows little seasonal variation ...
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