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Köppen Robert R Division 1.7-Food Analysis, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Richard-Willstätter-Str. 11, 12489, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
Trichothecene mycotoxins, with T-2 and HT-2 toxins being the main representatives of the type A subgroup, are naturally and worldwide occurring contaminants frequently found in grain-based food and feed. Due to the high consumption of these products and the potential health risk associated herewith, concerns about the safety and quality ...
Vitale Maria M 1 Laboratory of Microorganisms Genetics, Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Sicily "Adelmo Mirri," Palermo, Italy - - 2014
Abstract A case of staphylococcal food poisoning was observed in two individuals of the same family after consumption of primosale, a semiripened sheep cheese produced in Sicily. Staphylococcus aureus isolated from the cheese produced enterotoxin C (SEC) and carried both the enterotoxin C (sec) and the toxic shock syndrome toxin ...
Epelboin Loïc L Infectious and Tropical Diseases Department, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France; Faculté de Médecine, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, - - 2014
Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) is a food-borne illness due to the consumption of reef fish containing pathogenic toxins. CFP is endemic to tropical areas and may be described in travelers in non-endemic areas. We describe two clusters of autochthonous cases of CFP in Paris, France. They were related to two ...
Barnett Craig A CA Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK - - 2014
Toxic prey that signal their defences to predators using conspicuous warning signals are called 'aposematic'. Predators learn about the toxic content of aposematic prey and reduce their attacks on them. However, through regulating their toxin intake, predators will include aposematic prey in their diets when the benefits of gaining the ...
Eom Jeong Seon JS Dept. of Agro-food Resources, Natl. Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 441-853, - - 2014
Bacillus subtilis HJ18-4 isolated from buckwheat sokseongjang, a traditional Korean fermented soybean food, exhibits broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against foodborne pathogens, including Bacillus cereus. In this study, we investigated the antibacterial efficacy and regulation of toxin gene expression in B. cereus by B. subtilis HJ18-4. Expression of B. cereus toxin-related genes ...
Forghani Fereidoun F Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, School of Bio-convergence Science and Technology, Kangwon National Univ., Chuncheon, Gangwon 200-701, Republic of Korea. Author Kim is with Div. of Health Research and Planning, Gyeonggi-do Research Inst. of Health and Environment, Suwon, Gyeonggi 440-290, - - 2014
Bacillus cereus comprises the largest group of endospore-forming bacteria and can cause emetic and diarrheal food poisoning. A total of 496 B. cereus strains isolated from various sources (food, environmental, clinical) were assessed by a multiplex PCR for the presence of enterotoxin genes. The detection rate of nheA, entFM, hblC, ...
Mella Valentina S A VS School of Biological Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia, - - 2014
Predators attack and plants defend, so herbivores face the dilemma of how to eat enough without being eaten. But do differences in the personality of herbivores affect the foraging choices of individuals? We explored the ecological impact of personality in a generalist herbivore, the brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula). After quantifying ...
McArthur Clare C School of Biological Sciences, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, 2006, Australia, - - 2014
For foraging herbivores, both food quality and predation risk vary across the landscape. Animals should avoid low-quality food patches in favour of high-quality ones, and seek safe patches while avoiding risky ones. Herbivores often face the foraging dilemma, however, of choosing between high-quality food in risky places or low-quality food ...
Suzuki Hodaka H Division of Biomedical Food Research, National Institute of Health - - 2014
The mouse bioassay (MBA) for paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins has been used in the AOAC Official Method and the official Japanese method. In the AOAC Official Method, the saxitoxin (STX) standard provided by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is used, but no standard is used in the ...
Oldewage-Theron Wilna H WH a Center of Sustainable Livelihoods , Vaal University of Technology , Vanderbijlpark , South - - 2014
The aim of this cross-sectional, observational baseline survey was to examine the association between nutrient intakes and selected socio-economic variables in 722 women, aged 19 to 90 years living in peri-urban settlements. Measurements included socio-demographic data and 24-hour recall dietary intake data. The results showed poor nutrient intakes with the ...
Hennessy Erin E Leidos Biomedical Research Inc., Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Support to Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, 9609 Medical Center Drive, Bethesda, MD20892-9671. - - 2014
This study attempted to determine whether state laws regulating low nutrient, high energy-dense foods and beverages sold outside of the reimbursable school meals program (referred to as "competitive foods") are associated with children's weight status. We use the Classification of Laws Associated with School Students (CLASS) database of state codified ...
Arimitsu Hideyuki H Department of Microbiology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, 1-98 Dengakugakubo, Kutsukake-cho, Toyoake, Aichi, 470-1192, - - 2014
Chicken egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) against Shiga toxin 2e (Stx2e), a major causative factor of swine edema disease, was prepared to evaluate its possibility for clinical applications. The Stx2e-specific IgY titer in egg yolk derived from 3 chickens immunized with an Stx2e toxoid increased at 2 weeks after primary immunization ...
Hurst Victoria V Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, - - 2014
To avoid poisoning and death when toxins are ingested, the body responds with a suite of physiological detoxification mechanisms accompanied by behaviours that in mammals often include vomiting, nausea, and lethargy. Few studies have characterised whether insects exhibit characteristic 'malaise-like' behaviours in response to intoxication. Here, we used the honeybee ...
Lee Woo-Mi WM Department of Environmental Health Science, Konkuk University , 1 Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul , - - 2014
Abstract In this study, we demonstrated the three-level trophic transfer of quantum dots (QDs) within the aquatic food chain. Using bioimaging, we observed QD transfer from protozoa (Astasia longa) to zooplankton (Moina macrocopa) to fish (Danio rerio). Bioimaging is an effective tool that can improve our understanding of the delivery ...
Huang Yi-Chen YC Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, 161 Minchuan East Road, Sec. 6, Taipei, Taiwan 114, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the predictive ability of appetite for mortality among representative free-living Taiwanese older adults. A total of 1,856 participants aged 65 years or over from the Elderly Nutrition and Health Survey during 1999-2000 completed an appetite question in a larger questionnaire. Personal information was obtained by ...
Groven Karen Synne KS a Oslo and Akershus University College , Oslo , - - 2014
Over the past five years, interest in weight-loss surgery has increased in tandem with the growing obesity epidemic in both Western and developing countries. In particular, scholars have documented the health promoting aspects of weight-loss surgery. Nevertheless, few researchers have explored the side-effects, most prominently "dumping," that frequently accompany weight-loss ...
Kirk Sara Fl SF 1School of Health and Human Performance,Dalhousie University,PO Box 15000,Halifax,NS B3H - - 2014
Food security (FS) exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their needs. The present research sought to determine whether students from households experiencing moderate or severe food insecurity (FI) had poorer diet quality, higher body weights and ...
Genuis S K SK School of Public Health, University of Alberta, 3-094 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy (ECHA), Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
The related issues of food security and obesity among North American Indigenous children are serious public health concerns. This community-based participatory study sought to gain deeper understanding of young First Nation children's lived experience with food and to learn, from their perspective, about food security issues in their community. In ...
Modica L L Dipartimento per lo studio del Territorio e delle sue Risorse, Università degli Studi di Genova, Corso Europa 26, 16132, Genova, - - 2014
Predation and food consumption of five deep-sea fish species living below 1000 m depth in the western Mediterranean Sea were analysed to identify the feeding patterns and food requirements of a deep-sea fish assemblage. A feeding rhythm was observed for Risso's smooth-head Alepocephalus rostratus, Mediterranean grenadier Coryphaenoides mediterraeus and Mediterranean codling ...
Ray Haleigh A HA Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA, - - 2014
The cheyletid predator Hemicheyletia wellsina was found in association with orchid pests in a Florida greenhouse. The life history of H. wellsina was determined using the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, as prey in the laboratory. Hemicheyletia wellsina is arrhenotokous, with mated females producing a female-biased sex ratio of 3.4:1. ...
Zeleny R R European Commission - Joint Research Centre - Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Retieseweg 111, 2440 Geel, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2015
Staphylococcal food poisoning is caused by enterotoxins excreted into foods by strains of staphylococci. Commission Regulation 1441/2007 specifies thresholds for the presence of these toxins in foods. In this article we report on the progress towards reference materials (RMs) for Staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) in cheese. RMs are crucial to ...
Baek Youn Joo YJ Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, - - 2014
Family has an impact on dietary intake of children as a proximal food environment and family structures are changing and becoming more diverse. This study was performed to identify the association between family structure and food group intake of children aged 3-18 years in Korea. A total of 3,217 children ...
Llull Rosa R Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of the Balearic Islands, IdISPa and CIBERobn CB12/03/30038, Guillem Colom Bldg, Campus, 07122, Palma de Mallorca, - - 2014
Over the last decade, the immigrant population of the Balearic Islands archipelago (Spain), in the Mediterranean, has risen to 22 % of its total population. The aim of this study was to assess food consumption patterns among Balearic Islands' adolescents depending on their origin. A population-based cross-sectional nutritional survey was carried ...
Epstein Leonard H LH From the Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo. NY (LHE, NJ, HL, and RP), and the Addiction Recovery Research Center, Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, Roanoke, VA (MNK and - - 2014
Low income is related to food insecurity, and research has suggested that a scarcity of resources associated with low income can shift attention to the present, thereby discounting the future.OBJECTIVE: We tested whether attending to the present and discounting the future may moderate the influence of income on food insecurity.DESIGN: ...
de Morais Sato Priscila P Department of Health, Clinics and Institutions, Institute of Health and Society. Federal University of São Paulo, Campus Baixada Santista, Rua Silva Jardim, 136 - Santos/SP - CEP: 11015-020, Santos/SP - Brazil. Telephone number: 55 13 3349 4482/ 55 11 99314 4482.. Electronic address: - - 2014
A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted with mothers living in the city of Santos, Brazil, in order to investigate their eating practices, and the interface between those practices and the concept of habitus. From a cluster analysis of the scores for dietary pattern and for food preparation and consumption, the ...
Birhane Tesfay - - 2014
High food prices have emerged as a major global challenge, especially for poor and urban households in low-income countries such as Ethiopia. However, there is little empirical evidence on urban food security and how people living in urban areas are coping with sustained high food prices. This study aims to ...
Sale Peter F PF Institute for Water, Environment and Health, United Nations University, 175 Longwood Rd, Hamilton, ON L8P0A1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Over 1.3 billion people live on tropical coasts, primarily in developing countries. Many depend on adjacent coastal seas for food, and livelihoods. We show how trends in demography and in several local and global anthropogenic stressors are progressively degrading capacity of coastal waters to sustain these people. Far more effective ...
Dehghan Parvin P Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR - - 2014
Ochratoxins belong to a group of mycotoxins produced as the secondary metabolites by filamentous fungi, such as Aspergillus and Penicillium. These toxins may be teratogenic, mutagenic, hepatotoxic, nephrotoxic, and may have immunosuppressive effects and pose a serious health problems to exposed humans and animals. The present study aimed to determine ...
Barenys Marta M GRET-CERETOX and Toxicology Unit, Public Health Department, School of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Av. Joan XXIII s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; IUF - Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, Auf'm Hennekamp 50, 40225 Düsseldorf, - - 2014
This study evaluates the diet composition of a rural population near a gold mine in the Cajamarca district of Peru. The main consumed items by this population were tubers and cereals, and the mean energy intake (1990kcal) was shown not to cover the recommended intake values for the male population. ...
Teufel-Shone Nicolette I NI a College of Public Health , University of Arizona , Tucson , AZ , - - 2014
Objective. American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) suffer a disproportionate burden of diabetes. Identifying food choices of AI/ANs at risk of type 2 diabetes, living in both rural and urban settings, is critical to the development of culturally relevant, evidence-based education strategies designed to reduce morbidity and mortality in this ...
Barnes David K A DK British Antarctic Survey, NERC, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Life on Antarctica's coastal seabed rollercoasters between food-rich, open-water, iceberg-scoured summers and food-sparse winters, when the sea surface freezes into 'fast-ice', locking up icebergs, reducing their seabed collisions (scouring). In the last half century, there have been massive losses of winter sea ice along the Antarctic Peninsula, as well as ...
Abou El-Atta Doaa Abd El-Maksoud DA Plant Protection Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Dokki, Giza, 12619, - - 2014
Sancassania (Caloglyphus) berlesei (Michael) is a cosmopolitan and free-living mite that inhabits soil as well as laboratory colonies of insects and fungi and may have a role as a biocontrol agent of nematodes. In this study, we investigated the effects of temperature on the development, reproduction, and food consumption of ...
Berkman Elliot T ET Department of Psychology, University of Oregon; Prevention Sciences Institute, University of Oregon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Electronic devices such as mobile phones are quickly becoming a popular way to gather participant reports of everyday thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, including food cravings and intake. Electronic devices offer a number of advantages over alternative methods such as paper-and-pencil (PNP) assessment including automated prompts, on-the-fly data transmission, and participant ...
Rasheed Sabrina - - 2014
Evidence from numerous studies suggests that salt intake is an important determinant of elevated blood pressure. Robust data about salt consumption among adults in Bangladesh is sparse. However, much evidence suggests saline intrusion due to sea level rise as a result of climate change exposes more than 20 million people ...
Kinshella Mai-Lei Woo ML a Department of Anthropology , UBC , Vancouver , - - 2014
Based on ethnographic fieldwork in a coastal village in south-eastern Tanzania, this paper examines how social inequalities and social suffering become embodied in the lived experiences of hunger. The paper explores local meanings of food, fertility and hunger and how these concepts interconnect and materialize on a landscape impacted by ...
Baek Seung Hyun - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of detecting melamine in foodstuffs using terahertz imaging. The terahertz (THz) spectra and images of melamine mixtures were obtained in the frequency range of 0.1-3 THz at room temperature using THz time-domain spectroscopy. Characteristic absorption peaks of melamine were found ...
Hoang Thu T TT RIKILT Wageningen UR, Akkermaalsbos 2, Wageningen, The - - 2014
Chicken and duck eggs collected from three different areas in Vietnam were examined for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). These regions included a background area, an area sprayed with Agent Orange and the Bien Hoa airbase area where Agent Orange was handled by the US Army. The latter area now ...
Fontana Juan M - - 2014
Objective monitoring of food intake and ingestive behavior in a free-living environment remains an open problem that has significant implications in study and treatment of obesity and eating disorders. In this paper, a novel wearable sensor system (automatic ingestion monitor, AIM) is presented for objective monitoring of ingestive behavior in ...
Chung Louisa Ming Yan LM Department of Health and Physical Education, the Hong Kong Institute of Education, 10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong. - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate a 3-week program comprising cooking demonstrations with free food samples in motivating elderly adults to cook more and improve their nutritional status. Design: An experimental pre-post study. Setting: Three districts in Hong Kong. Participants: Sixty aged 59-95 home-living adults. Intervention: Group A (one 1-day food sample given ...
Chinnakali Palanivel - - 2014
An adequate food intake, in terms of quantity and quality, is a key to healthy life. Malnutrition is the most serious consequence of food insecurity and has a multitude of health and economic implications. India has the world's largest population living in slums, and these have largely been underserved areas. ...
Geerinckx Tom T Evolutionary Morphology of Vertebrates, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Of those fishes scraping food off substrates and using head parts in substrate attachment for station-holding, the catfish families Loricariidae, Astroblepidae and Mochokidae display the most dramatically adapted morphologies. Loricariidae and Astroblepidae, living in the Neotropical freshwaters, exclusively contain suckermouth catfish species, and their anatomy and head kinematics have already ...
Dias Pedro Américo D PA Instituto de Neuroetología, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, - - 2014
Habitat disturbance alters vegetation structure and composition. For example, in forest fragments, the rate of secondary plant species recruitment and mortality in species typical of old-growth forests are higher. For many arboreal primates, movement between fragments is infrequent and difficult, thus the dietary breadth of herbivorous primates that live in ...
Widome Rachel R 1 Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, 1300 South 2nd Street #300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, - - 2014
Food insecurity, or lack of access to sufficient food for a healthful lifestyle, has been associated with many aspects of poor health. While the economic struggles among veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have been documented, it is unknown how commonly this population struggles to afford food. Our ...
Walther Julia - - 2014
Abstract Background: Due to an alarming trend of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, along with the sparse data on dietary habits and lifestyle factors, the present study aims to analyze the current nutritional behavior as well as the lifestyle and mental health of adolescents and young adults living ...
Dickinson Angela A Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Research in Primary and Community Care, University of - - 2014
Foodborne illness (FBI) is a major public health problem in the UK. Recent increases in cases of listeriosis in older people have focused attention on consumer food-related practices. Previous studies highlight poor relationships between what people know, what they say they do and what they actually do in the kitchen. ...
van der Zanden Lotte D T LD Marketing and Consumer Behaviour Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Promoting protein consumption in the elderly population may contribute to improving the quality of their later years in life. Our study aimed to explore knowledge, perceptions and preferences of elderly consumers regarding protein-enriched food. We conducted three focus groups with independently living (ID) elderly (N = 24, Mage = 67 ...
Kegler Michelle C MC Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory Prevention Research Center, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe home food environments and examine which aspects are associated with fruit and vegetable intake and percent calories from fat among overweight and obese women. Baseline data from a weight gain prevention trial collected through telephone interviews. Participants were recruited from 3 federally qualified health centers in rural Georgia. ...
Menzel Paul T - - 2014
Competent patients have considerable legal authority to control life-and-death care. They may refuse medical life support, including medically delivered food and fluids. Even when they are not in need of any life-saving care, they may expedite death by refusing food and water by mouth-voluntarily stopping eating and drinking, or VSED. ...
Fewing Ross - - 2014
Mrs. F, seventy-five, was diagnosed with Alzheimer's. She and her spouse often discussed how to handle the progression of the disease. She was adamant about not coming to the point where she would be unable to recognize herself, her husband, or their son and daughter. The manner she chose was ...
Frazão Paulo P Department of Public Health Practice, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
We analyzed the association between food insecurity and dental caries in 7- to 9-yr-old schoolchildren. We performed a cross-sectional survey nested in a population-based cohort study of 203 schoolchildren. The participants lived in the urban area of a small town within the western Brazilian Amazon. Dental examinations were performed according ...
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