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Results 401 - 450 of 719
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Hall Allison H S - - 2006
In RNA interference (RNAi), double-stranded short interfering RNA (ds-siRNA) inhibits expression from complementary mRNAs. Recently, it was demonstrated that short, single-stranded antisense RNA (ss-siRNA) can also induce RNAi. While ss-siRNA may offer several advantages in both clinical and research applications, its overall poor activity compared with ds-siRNA has prevented its ...
Inamori Kei-Ichiro - - 2006
We recently reported on a brain-specific beta1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase IX (GnT-IX, also referred to as GnT-VB), a GnT-V homologue, which acts on alpha-linked mannose of N-glycans and O-mannosyl glycans. To distinguish functions of GnT-IX with GnT-V, we examined the distribution of GnT-IX and GnT-V transcripts in mouse tissues by Northern blot analysis. ...
Hung Yao-Min - - 2005
We report an outbreak of ciguatoxin poisoning after barracuda fish ingestion in southern Taiwan. Three members of a family developed nausea, vomiting, watery diarrhea, and myalgias about 1 hour after eating three to ten eggs of a barracuda fish. Numbness of the lips and extremities followed the gastrointestinal symptoms about ...
Miki Makoto - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cause of outbreak mimicking food poisoning, we studied the toxic polyamine contents of the food and analyzed the clinical characteristics of the affected eight patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight cases of histamine poisoning which occurred in tuberculous patients after dinner in our hospital were analyzed by ...
Binder Mascha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Independent replications of preclinical investigations of homeopathic potencies are rare. However, they are a necessary tool to determine the relevant factors modulating the effects of homeopathic potencies in preclinical systems. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to reproduce a trial published in 1997. An Italian group of ...
Chi Hyun - - 2005
Ginsenosides Rb1 and Re, respectively belonging to the major protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol ginsenosides, were transformed using cell-free extracts from food microorganisms. Rb1 was transformed into compound K via Rd and F2 by Bifidobacterium sp. Int57, Bif. sp. SJ32, Aspergillus niger and A. usamii. Lactobacillus delbrueckii, and Leuconostoc paramesenteroides transformed Rb1 ...
Barbosa Jorge - - 2005
This paper describes the occurrence of four cases of acute food poisoning, involving a total of 50 people, due to the ingestion of lamb and bovine meat containing residues of clenbuterol. Symptoms shown by the intoxicated people may be generally described as gross tremors of the extremities, tachycardia, nausea, headaches ...
Chegini Soheil - - 2005
Seafood, including fish, shrimp, lobster, crab, crayfish, mussel, and clam are among the most frequent causes of food allergy. Seafood poisoning, including reactions to natural toxins, frequently masquerades as an allergic reaction on presentation. Ingestion of contaminated shellfish results in a wide variety of symptoms, depending on the toxins present, ...
Ikeda Tetsuya - - 2005
It was believed that food poisoning in Osaka in 2000 was due to small amounts of staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) in reconstituted milk. Results of this study clearly indicate that SEH was also present in the raw material of reconstituted milk, indicating that the food poisoning was caused by multiple ...
Hwang Deng-Fwu - - 2005
In an outbreak of food poisoning involving a dried purple laver product (called nori), four persons had allergic-like symptoms such as inflammation and red rash on their face, mouth and belly. The causative nori was extracted and smeared on the arm-skin of five volunteers. Three out of five volunteers had ...
Hastings Kenneth E M - - 2005
Is spliced-leader (SL) trans-splicing an ancestral eukaryotic characteristic that has been lost in multiple lineages, or did it arise independently in the various phyla in which it occurs? Recent studies have discovered SL trans-splicing in new metazoan phyla, including the chordates. Its discovery in chordates identifies, for the first time, ...
Kir G - - 2005
It is difficult to differentiate between an endometrial stromal nodule (ESN) and endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) in curettage specimen, and the recommended therapy of endometrial stromal neoplasm is hysterectomy. If we could discriminate ESS from ESN in curettage specimens, there would be an opportunity to treat ESN by local excision ...
Chan Yu-Yi - - 2005
Phytochemical investigation of Ajuga taiwanensis resulted in the isolation of seven neoclerodane diterpenes, four of which ajugalide-A (1), -B (2), -C (3), and -D (4), are new and the remaining three are known diterpenes, ajugamacrin B (5), ajugapantin A (6), and ajugamarin C1 (7). Their structures were elucidated in spectral ...
Hongwei Yu - - 2005
Candida rugosa lipase-catalyzed esterification of ibuprofen with 1-propanol was conducted in seven ionic liquids and the results were compared with those in isooctane. Although the enzyme showed comparable or higher activity in some ionic liquids compared to that in isooctane, only in the case of [BMIM]PF6 was the enantioselectivity (E ...
Bánáti Diána - - 2005
The increasing number of food producers, and the outstanding amount of import foodstuffs enables the producers to mislead and cheat consumers. To differentiate those who take advantage of legal rules from the ones who commit food adulteration is very difficult. The consciousness of consumers would be crucial. However, how can ...
Vassilev Zdravko P - - 2005
After a routine blood testing, a local pediatrician discovered that a 13-month-old boy had an elevated blood lead level (BLL) of 57 microg/dL. Since the baby was mostly breast-fed, the pediatrician did a blood test on the mother, and the result showed a BLL of 85 microg/dL. As the mother ...
Vale Paulo - - 2004
Azaspiracid poisoning (AZP), the most recently discovered human gastrointestinal illness resulting from consumption of contaminated shellfish, so far has been found in coastal areas of northern Europe. This is the first report of a survey carried out for contamination of shellfish harvested in costal areas of Portugal for the presence ...
Philippe Geneviève - - 2004
Poisons are widespread in plants and animals and humankind has often tried to turn them to its own advantage. Owing to their poisonous properties, some species of Strychnos genus have been employed mainly in hunting and fishing, as an adjunct to weapons used not only in the search of food ...
Wen Qiyi - - 2004
Currently there is only limited understanding of the reservoirs for Clostridium perfringens type A food poisoning. A recent survey (Y.-T. Lin and R. Labbe, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:1642-1646, 2003) of non-outbreak American retail foods did not identify the presence of a single C. perfringens isolate carrying the enterotoxin gene (cpe) ...
Ma Bao-Qing - - 2004
A new framework based on C-methylcalix[4]resorcinarene and the flexible nonconjugated spacer 1,4-bis(imidazol-1yl-methyl)benzene encloses a large one-dimensional channel, containing benzil nanocolumns. Unlike in a previously reported series of benzil-containing supramolecular solids with conjugated linker molecules, benzil luminescence is observed, but the lifetime of 580 ns at 77 K is considerably shorter ...
Büttner Bettina - - 2004
The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is one of the best-characterized cell adhesion molecules of the immunoglobulin superfamily. In the nervous system, NCAM is involved in cell migration, axon fasciculation and in neurite outgrowth. Neurite outgrowth is mediated by homophilic NCAM-NCAM interactions. Alternative splicing generates three major isoforms of NCAM ...
Parry Sharon M - - 2004
It is believed that food hygiene precautions in domestic kitchens are an important strategy in efforts to reduce the incidence of sporadic food poisoning, but recent research has shown that people who have suffered food poisoning handle the same types of foods and adopt similar food hygiene precautions in their ...
Mathiot A - - 2004
We herein report two rare ureteric ectopias, one in the uterus, the second in the rectum. These kinds of ectopias are not easily explained with regard to the classic embryological theories of the too-cranial or too-caudal origin of the ureteric bud on the mesonephric duct. We thus set out new ...
Dai Qizhou - - 2004
A series of phenylacetoxy cellulosics with degrees of substitution (DS) between 1.4 and 3.0 and different halogenation (2-chloro, 3-chloro, 4-chloro, 2,4-dichloro, 3,4-dichloro, and 4-bromo) were synthesized. All the prepared phenylacetoxy cellulosics were soluble in dimethylformamide (DMF) and DMAc. The solubility increased with increasing DS. Mesophases were observed for all of ...
White Luise - - 2004
Many people believe that Rhodesia, struggling to maintain minority rule in Africa, used chemical and biological weapons against African guerilla armies in the liberation war. Clothes and food were routinely poisoned, and Rhodesian agents, perhaps in concert with global forces of reaction, caused the largest single outbreak of anthrax in ...
Al-Mazrou Yagob Y - - 2004
Food poisoning is becoming a very important health problem both internationally and in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Salmonella species (spp) is the most important pathogen, but due to the extensive effort carried by the health authorities to prevent or eradicate communicable diseases, new pathogens are now emerging such ...
Krzyszycha Renata - - 2004
The aim of the study was to analyse the chemical poisonings in the Lublin province in the years 1976-1998. The analysis was based on the archive materials obtained from the Regional Unit for Control of Epidemics and Hygiene Promotion in Lublin. The findings demonstrate that chemical poisonings in the Lublin ...
Krzyszycha Renata - - 2004
The aim of the paper was to analyse the bacterial poisonings in the Lublin province in the years 1976-1998. The analysis was based on the archive materials of the Regional Unit for Control of Epidemics and Hygiene Promotion in Lublin. To illustrate the discussed issues the exemplifying bacterial food poisonings ...
Koshikawa Naohiko - - 2004
The extracellular matrix macromolecule laminin-5 (Ln-5) is converted by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) MT1-MMP and MMP-2 into a migration-promoting substrate in vitro. We now report that cleavage of Ln-5 by MT1-MMP occurs in vivo and affects epithelial tissue organization and probably Ln-5 turnover. In MT1-MMP knockout (KO) mice, the kidneys showed ...
Heo Yun Seok - - 2003
Several anomalies, e.g., in peak shape, migration time, and baseline drift, all due to pressure-driven backflow, were previously reported to occur during serial injection on capillary electrophoresis (CE) chips. Since these anomalies were worse for polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microchips than for glass microchips, reproducible data on PDMS microchips were difficult to ...
Antony Mary - - 2003
Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) is a staple food of some sections of people of North India. Consumption of Kodo millet is often found to cause intoxication and poisoning. The grains are frequently infested with Aspergillus tamarii Kita, which produced substantial amount of a mycotoxin, cyclopiazonic acid (CPA). Investigations were ...
Comber M H I - - 2003
The relevance of the bioconcentration behaviour of surfactants for the secondary poisoning assessment and for the risk characterisation in the bird and mammalian food chain has been investigated. The approach used is described in the recently revised EU Technical Guidance Document for the Risk Assessment of Substances. The results demonstrate ...
Tóth Marietta - - 2003
Reductive transformation of per-O-acylated 2,6-anhydro-aldononitriles (glycopyranosyl cyanides of the D-galacto, D-gluco, D-xylo, and D-arabino configuration) with Raney-nickel-NaH(2)PO(2) in pyridine-AcOH-water solvent mixture in the presence of benzoylhydrazine, ethyl carbazate, and semicarbazide gave the corresponding anhydro-aldose benzoylhydrazones, -ethoxycarbonylhydrazones, and -semicarbazones, respectively. Acid catalyzed transimination of the semicarbazones with thiosemicarbazide, hydroxylamine, and O-benzylhydroxylamine, ...
Arce Viviana - - 2003
Polyvalent (Crotalinae) and anticoral (Elapidae) antivenoms produced by Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Costa Rica, were assessed for their ability to neutralize various toxic activities of the venoms of North American snakes of the genera Crotalus, Agkistrodon and Micrurus, in assays involving preincubation of venom and antivenom. When the intraperitoneal route of ...
- - 2003
On January 3, 2003, the Michigan Department of Agriculture's (MDA) Food and Dairy Division and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) were notified by a supermarket of a planned recall of approximately 1,700 pounds of ground beef because of customer complaints of illness after eating the product. On January 10, ...
Green Jeffrey D - - 2003
Research addressing the influence of happy mood on self-focused attention has yielded inconsistent results. Some studies found that happy mood decreased self-focus relative to sad mood. Other studies did not detect a significant difference between happy and neutral mood, and still other studies found that happy mood, relative to neutral ...
Vale Paulo - - 2003
Of the three types of toxicity known so far in Portuguese shellfish, only diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) and amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) are produced by microalgae that seem to have been present in the last decades or centuries. The most important paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) producer, Gymnodinium catenatum, is hypothesised ...
Le Loir Yves - - 2003
Food-borne diseases are of major concern worldwide. To date, around 250 different food-borne diseases have been described, and bacteria are the causative agents of two thirds of food-borne disease outbreaks. Among the predominant bacteria involved in these diseases, Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of gastroenteritis resulting from the consumption ...
Mycyk Mark B - - 2003
Fomepizole (Antizol) was recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for treatment of methanol poisoning. By inhibiting the hepatic enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase, it presents formation of toxic metabolites with far fewer consequences than traditional ethanol therapy. It appears that fomepizole will become standard therapy for methanol intoxication as ...
Caruso Keith A - - 2003
Dissimulation is the concealment of genuine psychiatric symptoms in an attempt to present a picture of psychiatric health. In this pilot study, the authors set out to demonstrate that defendants may conceal psychiatric illness even in forensic settings, contrary to their apparent self-interest. They reviewed their records for forensic assessments ...
Hwang Deng-Fwu - - 2002
The toxin in the gastropods (snails) Zeuxis sufflatus and Niotha clathrata implicated in a food poisoning incident in northern Taiwan in April 2001 was studied. The symptoms exhibited by four victims were general paresthesia, paralysis of the phalanges and the extremities, paralysis, coma, vomiting, and aphasia. The remaining gastropods were ...
Sui Li-Ming - - 2002
Attempts were made to identify the toxin in the gastropod Zeuxis samiplicutus that was responsible for the recent food poisoning incidents in southern Zhejiang, Mainland China. Symptoms associated with the poisonings included paralysis, coma, vomiting, and aphasia. The remaining specimens of gastropod were assayed for tetrodotoxin toxicity (TTX). The range ...
Sumner John - - 2002
As part of a semi-quantitative risk assessment of 10 seafood hazard/product combinations, a risk assessment tool was used to generate a Risk Ranking. The tool is in a spreadsheet software format and provides a risk estimate, which is scaled between 0 and 100, where 0 represents no risk and 100 ...
Okafor P N - - 2002
The biochemical and toxicological effects of occupational and dietary exposure of humans to cyanide poisoning from large-scale cassava processing and ingestion of cassava foods were investigated using spectrophotometric and enzymatic methods. Analysis of urinary and serum thiocyanate (cyanide metabolite) from workers in cassava processing industries, who were 'frequent' [those who ...
Smith Kirk R - - 2002
Paracelsus, the Renaissance figure often called the father of toxicology, is given that credit partly for being the first to note that "the dose makes the poison." Modern understanding of the importance of personal exposure in determining dose, however, indicates that to a large extent as well, "place makes the ...
Brynestad Sigrid - - 2002
Clostridium perfringens type A food poisoning is one of the more common in the industrialised world. This bacterium is also responsible for the rare but severe food borne necrotic enteritis. C. perfringens enterotoxin (CPE) has been shown to be the virulence factor responsible for causing the symptoms of C. perfringens ...
Mouaikel John - - 2002
The m(7)G caps of most spliceosomal snRNAs and certain snoRNAs are converted posttranscriptionally to 2,2,7-trimethylguanosine (m(3)G) cap structures. Here, we show that yeast Tgs1p, an evolutionarily conserved protein carrying a signature of S-AdoMet methyltransferase, is essential for hypermethylation of the m(7)G caps of both snRNAs and snoRNAs. Deletion of the ...
Thompson Arthur - - 2002
An alanine racemase gene from Lb. reuteri was cloned by using degenerate oligonucleotides corresponding to conserved regions derived from several bacterial alanine racemases. The protein is 375alphaalpha in length and shows 63.6% homology to the Lb. plantarum alanine racemase. Unlike the single alanine racemase activity found in Lb. plantarum, deletion ...
Ghelardi Emilia - - 2002
The epidemiology of Bacillus cereus strains responsible for food poisoning is scantly known, mostly because the genotypic and toxigenic properties of the B. cereus strains isolated during food-poisoning outbreaks have been never catalogued. The occurrence of two simultaneous food-poisoning outbreaks gave us the opportunity to wonder whether (i) the identity ...
Makhlouf Hala R - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sclerosed hemangiomas of the liver are rare. To date, their histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and the role of mast cells (MC) in their histogenesis have not been systematically studied. PATIENTS/METHODS: Clinical, histopathologic and immunohistochemical features of 20 sclerosed hemangiomas were compared with those of 18 sclerosing cavernous hemangiomas. The number of ...
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