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Results 351 - 400 of 725
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Chan Douglas Su Gin - - 2008
The Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT 960) system was evaluated against Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) medium and the BACTEC 460 TB system for the recovery of mycobacteria from 1393 consecutive urine specimens. The MGIT had a sensitivity of 91.3% [95% confidence interval (CI), 83.2-99.4] when the combination of BACTEC 460 and LJ ...
Sumi Yuka - - 2008
An outbreak of food poisoning that affected at least ten people in various regions of Japan was traced to exposure to Chinese dumplings contaminated with the organophosphate insecticide Methamidophos. We experienced the most serious case, a five years old girl, who suffered coma. She presented with features of cholinergic overactivity ...
Sakai Fumihiko - - 2008
Staphylococcal enterotoxin H (SEH) is predicted to be involved in staphylococcal food poisoning. To characterize SEH-producing Staphylococcus aureus isolates from staphylococcal food poisoning cases in Japan, we investigated the relationship between SEH production and coagulase serotype, which is an epidemiological marker, and compared the properties of SEH production with those ...
Liu Y - - 2008
We derive mathematical expressions for the mean number of casualties resulting from a deliberate release of a biological or chemical agent into a food supply chain. Our analysis first computes the amount of contaminated food as a function of the network topology and vessel sizes in the food processing plant. ...
Smith Silas W - - 2008
Ingestion of immature, environmentally stressed, or cultivar-specific Solanum species (particularly the potato) has been previously associated with gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms caused by solanaceous steroidal glycoalkaloids (SGAs). We report on two geographically, temporally disparate outbreaks of poisoning by susumber berries (Solanum torvum- Solanaceae) and on detection of alkaloids not present ...
Gregis Veronica - - 2008
The formation of flowers starts when floral meristems develop on the flanks of the inflorescence meristem. In Arabidopsis the identity of floral meristems is promoted and maintained by APETALA1 (AP1) and CAULIFLOWER (CAL). In the ap1 cal double mutant the meristems that develop on the flanks of the inflorescence meristem ...
Stuart Andrew - - 2008
PURPOSE: The effect of frequency altered feedback (FAF) on stuttering type (i.e., prolongation, repetition, or silent block) and stuttering duration (i.e., average duration of stuttering event and total stuttering time) was examined. METHOD: Retrospective analyses of previously collected data from 12 adult persons who stutter who participated in an ABA ...
Miki Yasuhiro - - 2008
Clostridium perfringens is an important anaerobic pathogen causing food-borne gastrointestinal (GI) diseases in humans and animals. It is thought that C. perfringens food poisoning isolates typically carry the enterotoxin gene (cpe) on their chromosome, while isolates from other GI diseases, such as antibiotic-associated diarrhea, carry cpe on a transferable plasmid. ...
Savage Ken N - - 2008
The silk that orb-weaving spiders produce for use as dragline and for the frame of the web is spun from the major ampullate (MA) glands, and it is renowned for its exceptional toughness. The fibroins that make up MA silk have previously been organized into two major groupings, spidroin-1 and ...
Yoshida Takemi - - 2008
The nerve gas sarin has been responsible for tragic disasters in Matsumoto city, Nagano in 1994 and in the Tokyo subway system in 1995, which was a terrorist attack against non-military citizens. These chemical weapons exposures shocked the world, and have become sources of social concern. Thereafter there were several ...
Carlson Curt A - - 2008
N. M. Steblay, J. Dysart, S. Fulero, and R. C. L. Lindsay (2001) argued that sequential lineups reduce the likelihood of mistaken eyewitness identification. Experiment 1 replicated the design of R. C. L. Lindsay and G. L. Wells (1985), the first study to show the sequential lineup advantage. However, the ...
Kanwar Ritu - - 2008
Activity of the big brain (bib) gene influences Notch signaling during Drosophila nervous system development. We demonstrate that Bib, which belongs to the aquaporin family of channel proteins, is required for endosome maturation in Drosophila epithelial cells. In the absence of Bib, early endosomes arrest and form abnormal clusters, and ...
Fox Jay W - - 2008
As more data are generated from proteome and transcriptome analyses of snake venoms, we are gaining an appreciation of the complexity of the venoms and, to some degree, the various sources of such complexity. However, our knowledge is still far from complete. The translation of genetic information from the snake ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2008
On 24 September 2005, Hurricane Rita made landfall in eastern Texas, resulting in the mandatory evacuation of 16 counties and declaration of disaster areas in 22 counties afterward. This study tested whether the evacuation and hurricane landfall affected the pattern of Texas poison center calls. Texas poison center calls received ...
Kasahara Yoshimasa - - 2008
A simple method for the simultaneous determination of four aconitine analogues (AC; aconitine, HA; hypaconitine, MA; mesaconitine, JA; jesaconitine) in Aconitum plants (Aconitum subcuneatum NAKAI) and a food that caused food poisoning was developed, using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Aconitine analogues were extracted with 1 mmol/L HCl and ...
Porrata Carmen - - 2008
Learning to live and eat differently is essential to turning back the global epidemic of chronic diseases. And Cubans are no exception. As a rule, Cubans scarcely consume whole-grain cereals, fruits, or leafy green and other vegetables. But we have a relatively high consumption of saturated fats, sugars, refined cereals, ...
Ancora Stefania - - 2008
Waterbirds are exposed to many contaminants, including lead from ingestion of shot and fishing sinkers. Lead poisoning had never been reported in flamingos wintering in Italian wetlands. Our investigation stems from a case of four flamingos found dead in Tuscany in 2002 with numerous lead shot in their gizzards. We ...
Proescher Jody B - - 2008
The CCS copper chaperone is critical for maturation of Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) through insertion of the copper co-factor and oxidization of an intra-subunit disulfide. The disulfide helps stabilize the SOD1 polypeptide, which can be particularly important in cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) linked to misfolding of mutant SOD1. ...
Bird Steven B SB Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Toxicology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA. - - 2008
Organophosphorus (OP) pesticides poison more than 3,000,000 people every year in the developing world, mostly through intentional self-poisoning. Advances in medical therapy for OP poisoning have lagged, and current treatment is not highly effective with mortality of up to 40% in even the most advanced Western medical facilities. Administration of ...
Shook David R - - 2008
Chordate embryos show an evolutionary trend in the mechanisms they use to internalize presumptive mesoderm, relying predominantly on invagination in the basal chordates, varying combinations of involution and ingression in the anamniote vertebrates and reptiles, and predominantly on ingression in birds and mammals. This trend is associated with variations in ...
Diaz-Marrero A - - 2008
The family Trimusculidae produce labdane diterpenes, which differ in the degree and type of esterification with acetoxy and isovaleroyl ester, predominantly. In this article, we describe the isolation from the marine pulmonate Trimusculus peruvianus, collected on intertidal rocks of Chilean coasts, of two new labdane diterpenes closely related to the ...
Stewart Ian - - 2008
Poisoning of livestock by toxic cyanobacteria was first reported in the 19th century, and throughout the 20th century cyanobacteria-related poisonings of livestock and wildlife in all continents have been described. Some mass mortality events involving unrelated fauna in prehistoric times have also been attributed to cyanotoxin poisoning; if correct, this ...
Ngy Laymithuna - - 2008
In Cambodia, fatal food poisonings associated with the consumption of pufferfish have occurred for decades, but the causative species or toxins have never been documented. Herein, we investigated the toxicity of three pufferfish species of the genus Lagocephalus collected from the coastal waters of Sihanouk Ville, one of the main ...
Adedoyin O T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food poisoning is known to occur sporadically from time to time due to poor hygienic preparation. Its occurrence rarely assumes epidemic proportion. OBJECTIVE: To report the ccurrence of food poisoning due to yam flour consumption among five families and to create public awareness about the condition. CASE REPORT: Food ...
Deeds Jonathan R - - 2008
Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), due to saxitoxin and related compounds, typically results from the consumption of filter-feeding molluscan shellfish that concentrate toxins from marine dinoflagellates. In addition to these microalgal sources, saxitoxin and related compounds, referred to in this review as STXs, are also produced in freshwater cyanobacteria and have ...
Schram Sarah E - - 2008
In black-spot poison ivy dermatitis, a black lacquerlike substance forms on the skin when poison ivy resin is exposed to air. Although the Toxicodendron group of plants is estimated to be the most common cause of allergic contact dermatitis in the United States, black-spot poison ivy dermatitis is relatively rare.
Christian Bernd - - 2008
The frequency of occurrence and intensity of harmful algal blooms (HABs) appear to be increasing on a global scale. Consequently, methods were established for the evaluation of possible hazards caused by the enrichment of algal toxins in the marine food chain. Different clinical types of algae-related poisoning have attracted scientific ...
Wang Zi-Fen - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ranunculaceae has a prominent phylogenetic position in Ranunculales which appears at the base of eudicots. The aims of the present paper are to reveal the features of ovule morphogenesis in different taxa and gain a better understanding of the systematics of Ranunculaceae. METHODS: Flowers of 17 species ...
Faergeman Ole - - 2007
Thermal stress, food poisoning, infectious diseases, malnutrition, psychiatric illness as well as injury and death from floods, storms and fire are all likely to become more common as the earth warms and the climate becomes more variable. In contrast, obesity, type II diabetes and coronary artery disease do not result ...
Boukraa Laid - - 2007
Six varieties of honey from different regions in Algeria were used to determine their potency against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Four varieties originated from northern Algeria, and two from the Sahara. Three types of media were used. On nutrient agar the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the four northern varieties ranged between ...
Wang Yangang - - 2008
The morphology, infraciliature and silverline system of two marine scuticociliates, Pleuronema grolierei nov. spec. and Pleuronema coronatum Kent, 1881, isolated from the sand beaches along the coast of Qingdao, China, were investigated using live observation and silver impregnation methods. Ciliates of the genus Pleuronema are normally easily recognized by their ...
Lahti Päivi - - 2008
The prevalences of various genotypes of enterotoxin gene-carrying (cpe-positive) Clostridium perfringens type A in 24 different food poisoning outbreaks were 75% (chromosomal IS1470-cpe), 21% (plasmid-borne IS1470-like-cpe), and 4% (plasmid-borne IS1151-cpe). These results show that C. perfringens type A carrying the plasmid-borne cpe is a common cause of food poisoning.
Arnett Michael V - - 2007
Ciguatera toxin is a marine neurotoxin produced by microorganisms that becomes concentrated in predatory fish. Toxicity in humans results from the ingestion of contaminated fish harvested in tropical waters. Clinical manifestations of illness include the rapid onset of gastrointestinal symptoms and neurological abnormalities. Because of the rapid onset of symptoms ...
Cuypers Eva E Laboratorium voor Toxicologie, Campus Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, bus 922, KULeuven, B-3000, - - 2007
Ciguatera fish poisoning and neurotoxic shellfish poisoning are distinct clinical entities characterized by gastrointestinal and neurological disturbances, following the consumption of certain reef fish and shellfish containing toxic polyether compounds sporadically present in certain toxic marine dinoflagellates. The biotransformation and bioaccumulation of gambierol and brevetoxin, and their congeners, are believed ...
Day Fiona - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Under the Public Health (Infectious Diseases) Regulations 1988, all doctors are required by law to notify suspected cases of specific infections and food poisoning. Doctors' propensity to notify is known to be low, and we sought to quantify this locally. METHODS: From July 2000 to June 2002, we conducted ...
Kim E J EJ Memory and Aging Center, and Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94117, - - 2007
We applied optimised voxel based morphometry (VBM) to brain MRIs from autopsy proven cases of tau positive frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD-T, n = 6), ubiquitin and TDP-43 positive/tau negative FTLD (FTLD-U, n = 8) and cognitively normal controls (n = 61). The analysis revealed that FTLD-T and FTLD-U both show ...
Lawrence David T - - 2007
Food poisoning is encountered throughout the world. Many of the toxins responsible for specific food poisoning syndromes are no longer limited to isolated geographic locations. With increased travel and the ease of transporting food products, it is likely that a patient may present to any emergency department with the clinical ...
Koca Ilkay - - 2007
Several plants of the Ericaceae family produce grayanotoxins which can poison humans. The best-known of these intoxications involves the eating of 'mad honey (deli bal in Turkish)' contaminated by Rhododendron nectar grayanotoxins. Accounts of mad honey intoxication date back to 401 BC. It is still one of the common food ...
Michitaka Kojiro K Department of Gastroenterology and Metabology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Ehime, - - 2007
Transmission of hepatitis E virus (HEV) from wild boar to humans has been reported, particularly from Japan. We attempted to clarify this issue. We assessed the IgG class antibodies against HEV (anti-HEV) in serum samples taken from 406 boar living in the Ehime area of western Japan from 2001 to ...
Devi A R Usha - - 2007
We show that higher order intergroup covariances involving even number of qubits are necessarily positive semidefinite for N-qubit separable states, which are completely symmetric under permutations of the qubits. This identification leads to a family of sufficient conditions of inseparability based on the negativity of 2kth order intergroup covariance matrices ...
Fonte Rodolfo - - 2007
We describe a 47-year-old patient with chronic anaemia with basophilic stippling of erythrocytes, recurrent abdominal colics, discoloration of gums, sensitive polyneuropathy to the four limbs, hyperuricaemia, hepatosteatosis with raised transaminases, and a long ignored history of lead exposure in a battery recycling plant. The diagnosis of poisoning was confirmed by ...
From Cecilie - - 2007
Food poisoning caused by other Bacillus species than B. cereus has been described, but the toxins involved have rarely been isolated. Endospores will survive heat treatment and will germinate and multiply in cooked foods producing toxins under appropriate conditions. We describe a small food poisoning outbreak where three people became ...
Klein Kelly R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Beginning 8/14/03, for 24 hours, the largest geographic power failure in U.S. history occurred. Our Poison Control Center (PCC) catchment area was one of the most severely affected, with most of the population left without electricity, fuel, water pressure, or municipal potable water. The paucity of reports on the ...
Hussain Mehboob - - 2007
Certain diseases show classic radiological signs that resemble various types of food items like fruits, meat, vegetables, eggs, bakery, grocery and confectionary items. In this article various food signs are discussed and correlated with the various food items in a pictorial way. The objective of this pictorial essay is to ...
Camacho F Garcia - - 2007
Dinoflagellates are microalgae that are associated with the production of many marine toxins. These toxins poison fish, other wildlife and humans. Dinoflagellate-associated human poisonings include paralytic shellfish poisoning, diarrhetic shellfish poisoning, neurotoxic shellfish poisoning, and ciguatera fish poisoning. Dinoflagellate toxins and bioactives are of increasing interest because of their commercial ...
Heikinheimo Annamari - - 2006
We found a prevalence of 18% for enterotoxin gene-carrying (cpe+) Clostridium perfringens in the feces of healthy food handlers by PCR and isolated the organism from 11 of 23 PCR-positive persons by using hydrophobic grid membrane filter-colony hybridization. Several different cpe genotypes were recovered. The prevalence was 3.7% for plasmidial ...
Pitblado Robin - - 2007
Recent LNG marine shipping hazard studies have discounted BLEVE hazards associated with LNG vessels. This exclusion of a potential major hazard event has been queried, particularly since a recent LNG truck BLEVE-like event in Spain. This paper reviews the physical factors associated with the Spanish LNG truck event and accepts ...
Ree Han-Il - - 2006
A field trial on the control effect of fipronil poison bait against German cockroaches (Blatella germanica) was carried out at different restaurant types in Sinchon, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Monitoring was performed applying food baited traps for 2 days per week. Reduction rates of German cockroaches by applying fipronil baits ...
Greene S L - - 2006
To determine the degree of adherence to legislation introduced in 1998 restricting the availability of over the counter paracetamol. A prospective observational study. An emergency department in an inner city London teaching hospital. Pharmacy and non-pharmacy outlets in south London. (1) The source of paracetamol ingested by 107 patients presenting ...
Li Yun-Long - - 2006
Previously, potent factor Xa inhibitors were described based on the 1H-pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidin-7(6H)-one bicyclic core and a 4-methoxyphenyl P1 moiety. This manuscript describes 1H-pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidin-7(6H)-one and related bicyclic cores with the 3-aminobenzisoxazole P1 moiety. Many of these compounds are potent, selective, and efficacious inhibitors of coagulation factor Xa.
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