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Results 351 - 400 of 694
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Wang Yangang - - 2008
The morphology, infraciliature and silverline system of two marine scuticociliates, Pleuronema grolierei nov. spec. and Pleuronema coronatum Kent, 1881, isolated from the sand beaches along the coast of Qingdao, China, were investigated using live observation and silver impregnation methods. Ciliates of the genus Pleuronema are normally easily recognized by their ...
Lahti Päivi - - 2008
The prevalences of various genotypes of enterotoxin gene-carrying (cpe-positive) Clostridium perfringens type A in 24 different food poisoning outbreaks were 75% (chromosomal IS1470-cpe), 21% (plasmid-borne IS1470-like-cpe), and 4% (plasmid-borne IS1151-cpe). These results show that C. perfringens type A carrying the plasmid-borne cpe is a common cause of food poisoning.
Arnett Michael V - - 2007
Ciguatera toxin is a marine neurotoxin produced by microorganisms that becomes concentrated in predatory fish. Toxicity in humans results from the ingestion of contaminated fish harvested in tropical waters. Clinical manifestations of illness include the rapid onset of gastrointestinal symptoms and neurological abnormalities. Because of the rapid onset of symptoms ...
Cuypers Eva - - 2007
Ciguatera fish poisoning and neurotoxic shellfish poisoning are distinct clinical entities characterized by gastrointestinal and neurological disturbances, following the consumption of certain reef fish and shellfish containing toxic polyether compounds sporadically present in certain toxic marine dinoflagellates. The biotransformation and bioaccumulation of gambierol and brevetoxin, and their congeners, are believed ...
Day Fiona - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Under the Public Health (Infectious Diseases) Regulations 1988, all doctors are required by law to notify suspected cases of specific infections and food poisoning. Doctors' propensity to notify is known to be low, and we sought to quantify this locally. METHODS: From July 2000 to June 2002, we conducted ...
Kim E J - - 2007
We applied optimised voxel based morphometry (VBM) to brain MRIs from autopsy proven cases of tau positive frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD-T, n = 6), ubiquitin and TDP-43 positive/tau negative FTLD (FTLD-U, n = 8) and cognitively normal controls (n = 61). The analysis revealed that FTLD-T and FTLD-U both show ...
Lawrence David T - - 2007
Food poisoning is encountered throughout the world. Many of the toxins responsible for specific food poisoning syndromes are no longer limited to isolated geographic locations. With increased travel and the ease of transporting food products, it is likely that a patient may present to any emergency department with the clinical ...
Koca Ilkay - - 2007
Several plants of the Ericaceae family produce grayanotoxins which can poison humans. The best-known of these intoxications involves the eating of 'mad honey (deli bal in Turkish)' contaminated by Rhododendron nectar grayanotoxins. Accounts of mad honey intoxication date back to 401 BC. It is still one of the common food ...
Michitaka Kojiro K Department of Gastroenterology and Metabology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Ehime, - - 2007
Transmission of hepatitis E virus (HEV) from wild boar to humans has been reported, particularly from Japan. We attempted to clarify this issue. We assessed the IgG class antibodies against HEV (anti-HEV) in serum samples taken from 406 boar living in the Ehime area of western Japan from 2001 to ...
Devi A R Usha - - 2007
We show that higher order intergroup covariances involving even number of qubits are necessarily positive semidefinite for N-qubit separable states, which are completely symmetric under permutations of the qubits. This identification leads to a family of sufficient conditions of inseparability based on the negativity of 2kth order intergroup covariance matrices ...
Fonte Rodolfo - - 2007
We describe a 47-year-old patient with chronic anaemia with basophilic stippling of erythrocytes, recurrent abdominal colics, discoloration of gums, sensitive polyneuropathy to the four limbs, hyperuricaemia, hepatosteatosis with raised transaminases, and a long ignored history of lead exposure in a battery recycling plant. The diagnosis of poisoning was confirmed by ...
From Cecilie - - 2007
Food poisoning caused by other Bacillus species than B. cereus has been described, but the toxins involved have rarely been isolated. Endospores will survive heat treatment and will germinate and multiply in cooked foods producing toxins under appropriate conditions. We describe a small food poisoning outbreak where three people became ...
Klein Kelly R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Beginning 8/14/03, for 24 hours, the largest geographic power failure in U.S. history occurred. Our Poison Control Center (PCC) catchment area was one of the most severely affected, with most of the population left without electricity, fuel, water pressure, or municipal potable water. The paucity of reports on the ...
Hussain Mehboob - - 2007
Certain diseases show classic radiological signs that resemble various types of food items like fruits, meat, vegetables, eggs, bakery, grocery and confectionary items. In this article various food signs are discussed and correlated with the various food items in a pictorial way. The objective of this pictorial essay is to ...
Camacho F Garcia - - 2007
Dinoflagellates are microalgae that are associated with the production of many marine toxins. These toxins poison fish, other wildlife and humans. Dinoflagellate-associated human poisonings include paralytic shellfish poisoning, diarrhetic shellfish poisoning, neurotoxic shellfish poisoning, and ciguatera fish poisoning. Dinoflagellate toxins and bioactives are of increasing interest because of their commercial ...
Heikinheimo Annamari - - 2006
We found a prevalence of 18% for enterotoxin gene-carrying (cpe+) Clostridium perfringens in the feces of healthy food handlers by PCR and isolated the organism from 11 of 23 PCR-positive persons by using hydrophobic grid membrane filter-colony hybridization. Several different cpe genotypes were recovered. The prevalence was 3.7% for plasmidial ...
Pitblado Robin - - 2007
Recent LNG marine shipping hazard studies have discounted BLEVE hazards associated with LNG vessels. This exclusion of a potential major hazard event has been queried, particularly since a recent LNG truck BLEVE-like event in Spain. This paper reviews the physical factors associated with the Spanish LNG truck event and accepts ...
Ree Han-Il - - 2006
A field trial on the control effect of fipronil poison bait against German cockroaches (Blatella germanica) was carried out at different restaurant types in Sinchon, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Monitoring was performed applying food baited traps for 2 days per week. Reduction rates of German cockroaches by applying fipronil baits ...
Greene S L - - 2006
To determine the degree of adherence to legislation introduced in 1998 restricting the availability of over the counter paracetamol. A prospective observational study. An emergency department in an inner city London teaching hospital. Pharmacy and non-pharmacy outlets in south London. (1) The source of paracetamol ingested by 107 patients presenting ...
Li Yun-Long - - 2006
Previously, potent factor Xa inhibitors were described based on the 1H-pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidin-7(6H)-one bicyclic core and a 4-methoxyphenyl P1 moiety. This manuscript describes 1H-pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidin-7(6H)-one and related bicyclic cores with the 3-aminobenzisoxazole P1 moiety. Many of these compounds are potent, selective, and efficacious inhibitors of coagulation factor Xa.
Syam Ari Fahrial - - 2006
Food poisoning may occur in a group of people or a single person. The symptoms caused by food poisoning are varied from mild to severe or even fatal one such as death. Immunocompromised patients and others such as elderly and children are susceptible for food poisoning. Re-hydration is the main ...
Lee M R - - 2006
The plant family Solanaceae contains important foodstuffs such as the potato, tomato and aubergine, together with powerful poisons including mandrake, henbane and deadly nightshade. In the first article in this short series on the family, the history and importance of the potato are described. It was first cultivated by the ...
Emborg Jette - - 2006
Two outbreaks and a single case of histamine fish poisoning associated with cold-smoked tuna (CST) were reported in Denmark during 2004. The bacteria most likely responsible for histamine formation in CST implicated in histamine fish poisoning was identified for the first time in this study. Product characteristics and profiles of ...
Sethuraman G - - 2006
Osteoma cutis is the formation of normal bone in the skin. Primary osteoma cutis occurs de novo, whereas the secondary type develops in association with the underlying inflammatory, tumorous or traumatic conditions. Primary osteoma cutis is also associated with Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO), which can include hypocalcaemic-type pseudohypoparathyroidism (also known ...
Chairungsi Neeranuch - - 2006
Some representative quinones, viz. one naphthoquinone (plumbagin) and five anthraquinones (alizarin, purpurin, chrysazin, emodin, and anthrarufin), were subjected to electrocoagulation. It was found that the rate and extent of coagulation of these compounds appears to correlate with the number and relative position of their phenolic substituent groups, and that all ...
Krakauer Teresa - - 2006
The superantigenic staphylococcal enterotoxins are important virulence factors and contribute to various diseases, including food poisoning and toxic shock. Dexamethasone, an anti-inflammatory agent, attenuated staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB)-induced hypothermia and serum proinflammatory cytokines and improved survival from 0% to 86% in a lethal mouse model of SEB-mediated shock.
Hall Allison H S - - 2006
In RNA interference (RNAi), double-stranded short interfering RNA (ds-siRNA) inhibits expression from complementary mRNAs. Recently, it was demonstrated that short, single-stranded antisense RNA (ss-siRNA) can also induce RNAi. While ss-siRNA may offer several advantages in both clinical and research applications, its overall poor activity compared with ds-siRNA has prevented its ...
Inamori Kei-Ichiro - - 2006
We recently reported on a brain-specific beta1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase IX (GnT-IX, also referred to as GnT-VB), a GnT-V homologue, which acts on alpha-linked mannose of N-glycans and O-mannosyl glycans. To distinguish functions of GnT-IX with GnT-V, we examined the distribution of GnT-IX and GnT-V transcripts in mouse tissues by Northern blot analysis. ...
Hung Yao-Min - - 2005
We report an outbreak of ciguatoxin poisoning after barracuda fish ingestion in southern Taiwan. Three members of a family developed nausea, vomiting, watery diarrhea, and myalgias about 1 hour after eating three to ten eggs of a barracuda fish. Numbness of the lips and extremities followed the gastrointestinal symptoms about ...
Miki Makoto - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cause of outbreak mimicking food poisoning, we studied the toxic polyamine contents of the food and analyzed the clinical characteristics of the affected eight patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight cases of histamine poisoning which occurred in tuberculous patients after dinner in our hospital were analyzed by ...
Binder Mascha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Independent replications of preclinical investigations of homeopathic potencies are rare. However, they are a necessary tool to determine the relevant factors modulating the effects of homeopathic potencies in preclinical systems. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to reproduce a trial published in 1997. An Italian group of ...
Chi Hyun - - 2005
Ginsenosides Rb1 and Re, respectively belonging to the major protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol ginsenosides, were transformed using cell-free extracts from food microorganisms. Rb1 was transformed into compound K via Rd and F2 by Bifidobacterium sp. Int57, Bif. sp. SJ32, Aspergillus niger and A. usamii. Lactobacillus delbrueckii, and Leuconostoc paramesenteroides transformed Rb1 ...
Barbosa Jorge - - 2005
This paper describes the occurrence of four cases of acute food poisoning, involving a total of 50 people, due to the ingestion of lamb and bovine meat containing residues of clenbuterol. Symptoms shown by the intoxicated people may be generally described as gross tremors of the extremities, tachycardia, nausea, headaches ...
Chegini Soheil - - 2005
Seafood, including fish, shrimp, lobster, crab, crayfish, mussel, and clam are among the most frequent causes of food allergy. Seafood poisoning, including reactions to natural toxins, frequently masquerades as an allergic reaction on presentation. Ingestion of contaminated shellfish results in a wide variety of symptoms, depending on the toxins present, ...
Ikeda Tetsuya - - 2005
It was believed that food poisoning in Osaka in 2000 was due to small amounts of staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) in reconstituted milk. Results of this study clearly indicate that SEH was also present in the raw material of reconstituted milk, indicating that the food poisoning was caused by multiple ...
Hwang Deng-Fwu - - 2005
In an outbreak of food poisoning involving a dried purple laver product (called nori), four persons had allergic-like symptoms such as inflammation and red rash on their face, mouth and belly. The causative nori was extracted and smeared on the arm-skin of five volunteers. Three out of five volunteers had ...
Hastings Kenneth E M - - 2005
Is spliced-leader (SL) trans-splicing an ancestral eukaryotic characteristic that has been lost in multiple lineages, or did it arise independently in the various phyla in which it occurs? Recent studies have discovered SL trans-splicing in new metazoan phyla, including the chordates. Its discovery in chordates identifies, for the first time, ...
Kir G - - 2005
It is difficult to differentiate between an endometrial stromal nodule (ESN) and endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) in curettage specimen, and the recommended therapy of endometrial stromal neoplasm is hysterectomy. If we could discriminate ESS from ESN in curettage specimens, there would be an opportunity to treat ESN by local excision ...
Chan Yu-Yi - - 2005
Phytochemical investigation of Ajuga taiwanensis resulted in the isolation of seven neoclerodane diterpenes, four of which ajugalide-A (1), -B (2), -C (3), and -D (4), are new and the remaining three are known diterpenes, ajugamacrin B (5), ajugapantin A (6), and ajugamarin C1 (7). Their structures were elucidated in spectral ...
Hongwei Yu - - 2005
Candida rugosa lipase-catalyzed esterification of ibuprofen with 1-propanol was conducted in seven ionic liquids and the results were compared with those in isooctane. Although the enzyme showed comparable or higher activity in some ionic liquids compared to that in isooctane, only in the case of [BMIM]PF6 was the enantioselectivity (E ...
Bánáti Diána - - 2005
The increasing number of food producers, and the outstanding amount of import foodstuffs enables the producers to mislead and cheat consumers. To differentiate those who take advantage of legal rules from the ones who commit food adulteration is very difficult. The consciousness of consumers would be crucial. However, how can ...
Vassilev Zdravko P - - 2005
After a routine blood testing, a local pediatrician discovered that a 13-month-old boy had an elevated blood lead level (BLL) of 57 microg/dL. Since the baby was mostly breast-fed, the pediatrician did a blood test on the mother, and the result showed a BLL of 85 microg/dL. As the mother ...
Vale Paulo - - 2004
Azaspiracid poisoning (AZP), the most recently discovered human gastrointestinal illness resulting from consumption of contaminated shellfish, so far has been found in coastal areas of northern Europe. This is the first report of a survey carried out for contamination of shellfish harvested in costal areas of Portugal for the presence ...
Philippe Geneviève - - 2004
Poisons are widespread in plants and animals and humankind has often tried to turn them to its own advantage. Owing to their poisonous properties, some species of Strychnos genus have been employed mainly in hunting and fishing, as an adjunct to weapons used not only in the search of food ...
Wen Qiyi - - 2004
Currently there is only limited understanding of the reservoirs for Clostridium perfringens type A food poisoning. A recent survey (Y.-T. Lin and R. Labbe, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:1642-1646, 2003) of non-outbreak American retail foods did not identify the presence of a single C. perfringens isolate carrying the enterotoxin gene (cpe) ...
Ma Bao-Qing - - 2004
A new framework based on C-methylcalix[4]resorcinarene and the flexible nonconjugated spacer 1,4-bis(imidazol-1yl-methyl)benzene encloses a large one-dimensional channel, containing benzil nanocolumns. Unlike in a previously reported series of benzil-containing supramolecular solids with conjugated linker molecules, benzil luminescence is observed, but the lifetime of 580 ns at 77 K is considerably shorter ...
Büttner Bettina - - 2004
The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is one of the best-characterized cell adhesion molecules of the immunoglobulin superfamily. In the nervous system, NCAM is involved in cell migration, axon fasciculation and in neurite outgrowth. Neurite outgrowth is mediated by homophilic NCAM-NCAM interactions. Alternative splicing generates three major isoforms of NCAM ...
Parry Sharon M - - 2004
It is believed that food hygiene precautions in domestic kitchens are an important strategy in efforts to reduce the incidence of sporadic food poisoning, but recent research has shown that people who have suffered food poisoning handle the same types of foods and adopt similar food hygiene precautions in their ...
Mathiot A - - 2004
We herein report two rare ureteric ectopias, one in the uterus, the second in the rectum. These kinds of ectopias are not easily explained with regard to the classic embryological theories of the too-cranial or too-caudal origin of the ureteric bud on the mesonephric duct. We thus set out new ...
Dai Qizhou - - 2004
A series of phenylacetoxy cellulosics with degrees of substitution (DS) between 1.4 and 3.0 and different halogenation (2-chloro, 3-chloro, 4-chloro, 2,4-dichloro, 3,4-dichloro, and 4-bromo) were synthesized. All the prepared phenylacetoxy cellulosics were soluble in dimethylformamide (DMF) and DMAc. The solubility increased with increasing DS. Mesophases were observed for all of ...
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