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Results 301 - 350 of 725
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Andreasen Claire B - - 2011
The current detection system for animal diseases requires coordination between veterinarians; veterinary medical laboratories; and state, federal, and international agencies, as well as associated private sector industries. Veterinary clinical pathologists in clinical and governmental laboratories often have responsibilities and expertise in one or more laboratory disciplines involved in diagnosing zoonotic ...
Prescott Susan - - 2011
To cite this article: Prescott S, Allen KJ. Food allergy: Riding the second wave of the allergy epidemic. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011; 22: 155-160. ABSTRACT: Food allergy is a substantial and evolving public health issue, recently emerging over the last 10-15 yr as a 'second wave' of the allergy epidemic. It ...
Kelly A - - 2011
The relationship between HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), food security and nutrition has become increasingly important to practitioners, policy makers and people living with HIV. In this paper we describe for the first time the connection between HIV and antiretroviral therapies, the extent of nutritional counselling for HIV-positive people and food ...
Osterholm Michael T - - 2011
Recent media headlines might have you believe that our food supply is substantially more safe than it was a decade ago and about to get even safer. First, on December 15, 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced a long-awaited reanalysis of the burden of foodborne illness ...
Wood Adrian - - 2011
Several studies suggest that natural salicylates in plant-based foods may benefit health. However, large variation in published values of the salicylate content of foods means that relating dietary intakes to disease risk is problematical. Consequently, we have systematically reviewed the available literature using prescribed selection criteria. By combining these literature ...
Matthias Torsten T AESKU.KIPP Institute, Wendelsheim, Germany. - - 2011
Celiac disease (CD) is one of the most common food intolerances in developed world. It affects genetically susceptible individuals and has severe consequences if it remains undiagnosed. A disease known for more than a century, it is still the focus for experts from various fields of research and development. Geneticists, ...
McCune Letitia M - - 2011
Cherries, and in particular sweet cherries, are a nutritionally dense food rich in anthocyanins, quercetin, hydroxycinnamates, potassium, fiber, vitamin C, carotenoids, and melatonin. UV concentration, degree of ripeness, postharvest storage conditions, and processing, each can significantly alter the amounts of nutrients and bioactive components. These constituent nutrients and bioactive food ...
Braun-Fahrländer C - - 2011
Cow's milk is an important part of human diet and a source of food allergy for some individuals. Medical guidance strongly discourages consumption of raw milk because of the known health risk associated with pathogenic bacteria present in unpasteurized milk. Despite these risks there is a growing body of epidemiological ...
Baroni Luciana - - 2011
Although a plant-based diet can provide some benefits in Parkinson's disease (PD), no study to date has evaluated the effectiveness of a plant-food diet in the management of the disease. In this pilot study, we compared the effect of a plant-food menu (PFD) and of a omnivorous menu on motor ...
Sánchez-García S - - 2011
Celiac disease, eosinophilic esophagitis, and urticaria are 3 manifestations of food allergy with different pathogenic mechanisms. We report the case of a 2-year-old child with digestive symptoms, slow growth, and severe asthma. The results of skin prick tests were positive to several foods. Endoscopy revealed eosinophilic esophagitis and celiac disease. ...
Savoca Margaret R MR Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina 27402, USA. - - 2011
This study categorizes older adults living in rural areas by denture status, assesses the frequency of wearing dentures during meals, and determines whether denture status or use is associated with dietary quality or the number of foods avoided. A multi-ethnic population-based sample of adults ≥60 years (N = 635) in the rural ...
Sicherer Scott H - - 2011
This review highlights some of the research advances in anaphylaxis; hypersensitivity reactions to foods, drugs, and insects; and allergic skin disease that were reported in the Journal in 2010. Key epidemiologic observations include an apparent increase in peanut allergy, with more than 1% of children affected, and increasing evidence that ...
- - 2010
Food allergy is an important public health problem that affects children and adults and may be increasing in prevalence. Despite the risk of severe allergic reactions and even death, there is no current treatment for food allergy: the disease can only be managed by allergen avoidance or treatment of symptoms. ...
Silbergeld Ellen - - 2010
The name of author Beth Feingold was misspelled in the letter New Infectious Diseases and Industrial Food Animal Production (E. Silbergeld et al.). The article has been corrected online (http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/16/9/1503.htm).
Lipski Elizabeth - - 2010
In traditional cultures, balancing health with a balanced lifestyle was a core belief. The diseases of modern civilization were rare. Indigenous people have patterns of illness very different from Western civilization; yet, they rapidly develop diseases once exposed to Western foods and lifestyles. Food and medicine were interwoven. All cultures ...
Khan Yasir - - 2010
Several contributory factors such as poverty, lack of purchasing power, household food insecurity, and limited general knowledge about appropriate nutritional practices increase the risk of undernutrition in developing countries. The synergistic interaction between inadequate dietary intake and disease burden leads to a vicious cycle that accounts for much of the ...
- - 2010
In 2009, OzFoodNet sites reported 27,037 notifications of 9 diseases or conditions that are commonly transmitted by food. The most frequently notified infections were Campylobacter (15,973 notifications) and Salmonella (9,533 notifications). Public health authorities provided complete serotype and phage type information on 92% of all Salmonella infections in 2009. The ...
Wilson Caroline C Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK. - - 2010
The state of Kerala, south India, has particularly high prevalence rates for cardiovascular disease (20%, Sugathan, Soman and Sankaranarayanan 2008) and Type II diabetes (16.3%, Kutty, Joseph, and Soman 1999). Although so-called 'lifestyle' diseases can be prevented and symptoms controlled by diet, exercise, and medicines, heart disease and diabetes have ...
de Brito-Ashurst I - - 2011
People of Bangladeshi origin have the highest mortality ratio from coronary heart disease of any minority ethnic group in UK and their rate of kidney disease is three- to five-fold higher than that of the European UK population. However, there is little information regarding their dietary customs or knowledge, beliefs ...
Newkirk Ryan - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to establish baseline characteristics for milkborne outbreaks, establish an expected milkborne outbreak profile, and identify potential indicators of food terrorism. Materials: This study used 1990-2006 data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Annual Listings of Disease Outbreaks and the ...
Horowitz B Zane - - 2010
There are seven known serotypes of botulism, designated A through G; almost all human cases of botulism are caused by types A, B, and E. Botulism type E is the predominant serotype causing disease associated with native Arctic foods. In the circumpolar regions of the world, the coastal soils are ...
Pakseresht M - - 2010
The extent to which awareness of chronic disease (CD) diagnosis affects one's healthy food knowledge, self-efficacy and intentions or healthy dietary and physical activity (PA) behaviours remains unexplored among Inuit in Canada. A food frequency questionnaire and an adult impact questionnaire were used in a cross-sectional study to collect self-reported ...
Stewart I - - 2010
Ciguatera poisoning is a food-borne neuro-intoxication caused by consumption of finfish that have accumulated ciguatoxins in their tissues. Ciguatera is a distressing and sometimes disabling condition that presents with a self-limiting though occasionally severe gastro-intestinal illness, progressing to a suite of aberrant sensory symptoms. Recovery can take from days to ...
Morgan Brent W - - 2010
Poisoning events, including exposures to hazardous materials, can involve multiple victims. Regional poison centers often are contacted in such events involving multiple victims. We searched our poison center database over a nine-year time period for all calls involving a poisoning event in which more than two people were exposed to ...
Guinebretière Marie-Hélène - - 2010
Cytotoxic activity levels of culture filtrates and toxin distributions varied according to the phylogenetic group (I to VII) within the Bacillus cereus group, suggesting that these groups are of different clinical significance and are more suitable than species affiliations for determining food poisoning risk. A first-line, simple online tool (https://www.tools.symprevius.org/Bcereus/english.php) ...
Lindström Miia - - 2011
Clostridium perfringens food poisoning ranks among the most common gastrointestinal diseases in developed countries. The disease is caused by C. perfringens enterotoxin (CPE) encoded by cpe and produced by less than 5% of C. perfringens type A strains. Molecular epidemiological research in the past 15 years has focused on the ...
Harrison Michelle - - 2010
Objective: To assess changes in the cost and availability of a standard basket of healthy food items (the Healthy Food Access Basket [HFAB]) in Queensland. Methods: Analysis of five cross-sectional surveys (1998, 2000, 2001, 2004 and 2006) describes changes over time. Eighty-nine stores in five remoteness categories were surveyed during ...
McCloy Rachel - - 2010
This paper summarizes the theory of simple cumulative risks-for example, the risk of food poisoning from the consumption of a series of portions of tainted food. Problems concerning such risks are extraordinarily difficult for naïve individuals, and the paper explains the reasons for this difficulty. It describes how naïve individuals ...
Lim Jeong-Hyeon JH Animal Medical Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, - - 2010
The present study was conducted to obtain information on the effects of amitraz on reproductive and developmental parameters in rats. The test chemical was administered via the drinking water containing 0, 40, 120, and 360 ppm to male rats from 2 weeks before mating to the end of 14-day mating ...
Hungerford James M - - 2010
Scombroid poisoning, also called histamine fish poisoning, is an allergy-like form of food poisoning that continues to be a major problem in seafood safety. The exact role of histamine in scombroid poisoning is not straightforward. Deviations from the expected dose-response have led to the advancement of various possible mechanisms of ...
Ostyn A - - 2010
At the end of 2009, six food poisoning outbreaks caused by staphylococci were reported in France. Soft cheese made from unpasteurized milk was found to be the common source of the outbreaks. Staphylococcal enterotoxin type E was identified and quantified in the cheese using both official and confirmatory methods of ...
Bountziouka Vassiliki - - 2010
The contribution of diet to the development of several chronic diseases, such as vascular disease, diabetes or lipid abnormalities has been established. Therefore, clinical trials dealing with these diseases need to adjust for individual dietary habits in order to account for potential confounding. Common practice in the majority of studies ...
Hsieh Cheng-Hong - - 2009
Food poisoning due to ingestion of an unknown red grouper occurred in southern Taiwan. To identify the species of toxic red grouper implicated in food poisoning, a 475-bp sequence of the cytochrome b gene from six species of fresh red grouper meat was amplified by using a pair of primers ...
Hadley Craig C Department of Anthropology, Emory - - 2009
The global food crisis has led to increased interest in food insecurity and its causes and consequences. Much of the focus however has been on mothers and young children, with little attention paid to the possible impacts on the large population of youth in developing countries. The objectives of this ...
Taniyama Shigeto - - 2009
From 1990 to 2008, 9 food poisoning incidents due to ingestion of marine boxfish occurred in Nagasaki, Miyazaki, Mie and Kagoshima Prefectures, Japan, and a total of 13 persons were poisoned. Their main symptom was severe muscle pain arising from rhabdomyolysis, which was usually accompanied by the discharge of black ...
Phillips C J C - - 2009
The opinions of seven respondent groups about the relative importance of different practices pertaining to the welfare of Australian beef cattle, sheep and goats were surveyed. Respondent groups comprised farmers, livestock transportation representatives, veterinarians, meat processors, animal welfare advocates, animal welfare scientists and government officers. The survey consisted of a ...
Antony B - - 2009
An outbreak of food poisoning due to Salmonella enterica serotype Weltevreden ( S.weltevreden ) involving 34 students has been reported from a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore. The symptoms developed 8-10 hours, after consuming a non- vegetarian dish, probably fish, from an outside caterer. The identity of the organism was ...
Barraza Jos?? Enrique - - 2009
Finishing a red tide event (November 2005-April 2006), and after ingestion of 40-50 specimens of Plicopurpura columellaris (Muricidae), four Salvadoran girls, ranging from 4 to 11 years, presented intoxication symptoms within one hour. They were taken to hospital after more than two hours of symptoms. One fatality occurred when the ...
Musshoff Frank - - 2009
Ricin is one of the most fascinating poisons due to its high toxicity: as little as 500 microg can kill an adult. It gained fame by its use in the so-called 'umbrella murder' to kill the Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov in 1978. Ricin also became known as a potential bio-terror ...
Ocampo Christine C Center for Aging, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. - - 2009
When it comes to Food Safety in the U.S. there is not just one government agency responsible for a safe food supply, the Food Drug Administration (FDA), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) play key roles. The links below are geared toward food ...
Cooper, MJ
Among the animals that live in the sea are many that may be poisonous to eat; these animals include fish, sharks, crabs, molluscs, and turtles. Of all marine animals the most important are fish, which are for so many people an essential source of food. There are a number of ...
Ogata Mamoru - - 2009
A male in his early seventies complained of abdominal pain and diarrhea at 7h after ingesting a small piece of gratin from a box lunch prepared by a caterer. He was admitted to a hospital, but died 37 h later. Dozens of people who had eaten the same box lunch ...
Bartsch, Alfred F
Interest in poisonous fishes has intensified greatly in recent years. World Wat II brought many Americans and Europeans to tropical areas of the world where fish poisoning is common. Also, interest in the welfare of native populations of the Pacific islands has developed widely, and there is an impression that ...
Cagli Kumral Ergun - - 2009
An unusual type of food poisoning, mad-honey intoxication, can be observed in the Black Sea region of Turkey and various other parts of the world. It can occur after ingestion of grayanotoxin-contaminated honey produced from the nectar of Rhododendron ponticum and other plant species, chiefly of the Ericaceae and Sapindaceae ...
Aasebø Ulf - - 2009
To investigate cause of death in 17 sealers who died in the Swedish house in Kapp Thordsen, Spitsbergen, during the winter of 1872-3. Analysis of skeletal samples from one sealer's grave. Field trip to Spitsbergen to exhume skeletal remains. One of 17 sailors who died in 1872-3. No objective signs ...
Hennekinne Jacques-Antoine - - 2009
Staphylococcal poisoning is a common food-borne disease for which immunoassays to detect enterotoxins were developed, but these assays often lead to false diagnoses due to interferences or lack of specificity. Absolute quantitative mass spectrometry was for the first time successfully applied to an investigation of a staphylococcal outbreak due to ...
Cisak Ewa - - 2008
A suburban focus of Lyme borreliosis situated 11 km from the southern border of the city of Lublin (eastern Poland) was characterized. The focus covers an area of circa 100 km(2), surrounding 3 localities inhabited by circa 7,500 people engaged mostly in farming. It was demonstrated that on the area ...
Barber F Alan - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the biomechanical performance of several different sutures by evaluating knot security and load to failure strength using different arthroscopic knots. METHODS: Eight different No. 2 sutures (Ethibond [Ethicon, Somerville, NJ], FiberWire [Arthrex, Naples, FL], Orthocord [DePuy-Mitek, Norwood, MA], Hi-Fi [ConMed Linvatec, Largo, FL], Ultrabraid [Smith & Nephew, ...
Dupuis Alain - - 2008
Staphylococcal enterotoxins are major causing agents of food-borne diseases. Their detection in food remnants for risk assessment or food poisoning outbreaks investigation suffers from a lack in comprehensive immunological tools. In this study, we demonstrate that the combination of immunocapture and Protein Standard Absolute Quantification (PSAQ) strategy, which uses isotope-labeled ...
McIntyre Lorraine - - 2008
Food poisoning laboratories identify Bacillus cereus using routine methods that may not differentiate all Bacillus cereus group species. We recharacterized Bacillus food-poisoning strains from 39 outbreaks and identified B. cereus in 23 outbreaks, B. thuringiensis in 4, B. mycoides in 1, and mixed strains of Bacillus in 11 outbreaks.
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