Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 706
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Newkirk Ryan - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to establish baseline characteristics for milkborne outbreaks, establish an expected milkborne outbreak profile, and identify potential indicators of food terrorism. Materials: This study used 1990-2006 data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Annual Listings of Disease Outbreaks and the ...
Horowitz B Zane - - 2010
There are seven known serotypes of botulism, designated A through G; almost all human cases of botulism are caused by types A, B, and E. Botulism type E is the predominant serotype causing disease associated with native Arctic foods. In the circumpolar regions of the world, the coastal soils are ...
Pakseresht M - - 2010
The extent to which awareness of chronic disease (CD) diagnosis affects one's healthy food knowledge, self-efficacy and intentions or healthy dietary and physical activity (PA) behaviours remains unexplored among Inuit in Canada. A food frequency questionnaire and an adult impact questionnaire were used in a cross-sectional study to collect self-reported ...
Stewart I - - 2010
Ciguatera poisoning is a food-borne neuro-intoxication caused by consumption of finfish that have accumulated ciguatoxins in their tissues. Ciguatera is a distressing and sometimes disabling condition that presents with a self-limiting though occasionally severe gastro-intestinal illness, progressing to a suite of aberrant sensory symptoms. Recovery can take from days to ...
Morgan Brent W - - 2010
Poisoning events, including exposures to hazardous materials, can involve multiple victims. Regional poison centers often are contacted in such events involving multiple victims. We searched our poison center database over a nine-year time period for all calls involving a poisoning event in which more than two people were exposed to ...
Guinebretière Marie-Hélène - - 2010
Cytotoxic activity levels of culture filtrates and toxin distributions varied according to the phylogenetic group (I to VII) within the Bacillus cereus group, suggesting that these groups are of different clinical significance and are more suitable than species affiliations for determining food poisoning risk. A first-line, simple online tool (https://www.tools.symprevius.org/Bcereus/english.php) ...
Lindström Miia - - 2011
Clostridium perfringens food poisoning ranks among the most common gastrointestinal diseases in developed countries. The disease is caused by C. perfringens enterotoxin (CPE) encoded by cpe and produced by less than 5% of C. perfringens type A strains. Molecular epidemiological research in the past 15 years has focused on the ...
Harrison Michelle - - 2010
Objective: To assess changes in the cost and availability of a standard basket of healthy food items (the Healthy Food Access Basket [HFAB]) in Queensland. Methods: Analysis of five cross-sectional surveys (1998, 2000, 2001, 2004 and 2006) describes changes over time. Eighty-nine stores in five remoteness categories were surveyed during ...
McCloy Rachel - - 2010
This paper summarizes the theory of simple cumulative risks-for example, the risk of food poisoning from the consumption of a series of portions of tainted food. Problems concerning such risks are extraordinarily difficult for naïve individuals, and the paper explains the reasons for this difficulty. It describes how naïve individuals ...
Lim Jeong-Hyeon JH Animal Medical Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, - - 2010
The present study was conducted to obtain information on the effects of amitraz on reproductive and developmental parameters in rats. The test chemical was administered via the drinking water containing 0, 40, 120, and 360 ppm to male rats from 2 weeks before mating to the end of 14-day mating ...
Hungerford James M - - 2010
Scombroid poisoning, also called histamine fish poisoning, is an allergy-like form of food poisoning that continues to be a major problem in seafood safety. The exact role of histamine in scombroid poisoning is not straightforward. Deviations from the expected dose-response have led to the advancement of various possible mechanisms of ...
Ostyn A - - 2010
At the end of 2009, six food poisoning outbreaks caused by staphylococci were reported in France. Soft cheese made from unpasteurized milk was found to be the common source of the outbreaks. Staphylococcal enterotoxin type E was identified and quantified in the cheese using both official and confirmatory methods of ...
Bountziouka Vassiliki - - 2010
The contribution of diet to the development of several chronic diseases, such as vascular disease, diabetes or lipid abnormalities has been established. Therefore, clinical trials dealing with these diseases need to adjust for individual dietary habits in order to account for potential confounding. Common practice in the majority of studies ...
Hsieh Cheng-Hong - - 2009
Food poisoning due to ingestion of an unknown red grouper occurred in southern Taiwan. To identify the species of toxic red grouper implicated in food poisoning, a 475-bp sequence of the cytochrome b gene from six species of fresh red grouper meat was amplified by using a pair of primers ...
Hadley Craig C Department of Anthropology, Emory - - 2009
The global food crisis has led to increased interest in food insecurity and its causes and consequences. Much of the focus however has been on mothers and young children, with little attention paid to the possible impacts on the large population of youth in developing countries. The objectives of this ...
Taniyama Shigeto - - 2009
From 1990 to 2008, 9 food poisoning incidents due to ingestion of marine boxfish occurred in Nagasaki, Miyazaki, Mie and Kagoshima Prefectures, Japan, and a total of 13 persons were poisoned. Their main symptom was severe muscle pain arising from rhabdomyolysis, which was usually accompanied by the discharge of black ...
Phillips C J C - - 2009
The opinions of seven respondent groups about the relative importance of different practices pertaining to the welfare of Australian beef cattle, sheep and goats were surveyed. Respondent groups comprised farmers, livestock transportation representatives, veterinarians, meat processors, animal welfare advocates, animal welfare scientists and government officers. The survey consisted of a ...
Antony B - - 2009
An outbreak of food poisoning due to Salmonella enterica serotype Weltevreden ( S.weltevreden ) involving 34 students has been reported from a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore. The symptoms developed 8-10 hours, after consuming a non- vegetarian dish, probably fish, from an outside caterer. The identity of the organism was ...
Barraza Jos?? Enrique - - 2009
Finishing a red tide event (November 2005-April 2006), and after ingestion of 40-50 specimens of Plicopurpura columellaris (Muricidae), four Salvadoran girls, ranging from 4 to 11 years, presented intoxication symptoms within one hour. They were taken to hospital after more than two hours of symptoms. One fatality occurred when the ...
Musshoff Frank - - 2009
Ricin is one of the most fascinating poisons due to its high toxicity: as little as 500 microg can kill an adult. It gained fame by its use in the so-called 'umbrella murder' to kill the Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov in 1978. Ricin also became known as a potential bio-terror ...
Ocampo Christine C Center for Aging, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. - - 2009
When it comes to Food Safety in the U.S. there is not just one government agency responsible for a safe food supply, the Food Drug Administration (FDA), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) play key roles. The links below are geared toward food ...
Cooper, MJ
Among the animals that live in the sea are many that may be poisonous to eat; these animals include fish, sharks, crabs, molluscs, and turtles. Of all marine animals the most important are fish, which are for so many people an essential source of food. There are a number of ...
Ogata Mamoru - - 2009
A male in his early seventies complained of abdominal pain and diarrhea at 7h after ingesting a small piece of gratin from a box lunch prepared by a caterer. He was admitted to a hospital, but died 37 h later. Dozens of people who had eaten the same box lunch ...
Bartsch, Alfred F
Interest in poisonous fishes has intensified greatly in recent years. World Wat II brought many Americans and Europeans to tropical areas of the world where fish poisoning is common. Also, interest in the welfare of native populations of the Pacific islands has developed widely, and there is an impression that ...
Cagli Kumral Ergun - - 2009
An unusual type of food poisoning, mad-honey intoxication, can be observed in the Black Sea region of Turkey and various other parts of the world. It can occur after ingestion of grayanotoxin-contaminated honey produced from the nectar of Rhododendron ponticum and other plant species, chiefly of the Ericaceae and Sapindaceae ...
Aasebø Ulf - - 2009
To investigate cause of death in 17 sealers who died in the Swedish house in Kapp Thordsen, Spitsbergen, during the winter of 1872-3. Analysis of skeletal samples from one sealer's grave. Field trip to Spitsbergen to exhume skeletal remains. One of 17 sailors who died in 1872-3. No objective signs ...
Hennekinne Jacques-Antoine - - 2009
Staphylococcal poisoning is a common food-borne disease for which immunoassays to detect enterotoxins were developed, but these assays often lead to false diagnoses due to interferences or lack of specificity. Absolute quantitative mass spectrometry was for the first time successfully applied to an investigation of a staphylococcal outbreak due to ...
Cisak Ewa - - 2008
A suburban focus of Lyme borreliosis situated 11 km from the southern border of the city of Lublin (eastern Poland) was characterized. The focus covers an area of circa 100 km(2), surrounding 3 localities inhabited by circa 7,500 people engaged mostly in farming. It was demonstrated that on the area ...
Barber F Alan - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare the biomechanical performance of several different sutures by evaluating knot security and load to failure strength using different arthroscopic knots. METHODS: Eight different No. 2 sutures (Ethibond [Ethicon, Somerville, NJ], FiberWire [Arthrex, Naples, FL], Orthocord [DePuy-Mitek, Norwood, MA], Hi-Fi [ConMed Linvatec, Largo, FL], Ultrabraid [Smith & Nephew, ...
Dupuis Alain - - 2008
Staphylococcal enterotoxins are major causing agents of food-borne diseases. Their detection in food remnants for risk assessment or food poisoning outbreaks investigation suffers from a lack in comprehensive immunological tools. In this study, we demonstrate that the combination of immunocapture and Protein Standard Absolute Quantification (PSAQ) strategy, which uses isotope-labeled ...
McIntyre Lorraine - - 2008
Food poisoning laboratories identify Bacillus cereus using routine methods that may not differentiate all Bacillus cereus group species. We recharacterized Bacillus food-poisoning strains from 39 outbreaks and identified B. cereus in 23 outbreaks, B. thuringiensis in 4, B. mycoides in 1, and mixed strains of Bacillus in 11 outbreaks.
Chan Douglas Su Gin - - 2008
The Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT 960) system was evaluated against Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) medium and the BACTEC 460 TB system for the recovery of mycobacteria from 1393 consecutive urine specimens. The MGIT had a sensitivity of 91.3% [95% confidence interval (CI), 83.2-99.4] when the combination of BACTEC 460 and LJ ...
Sumi Yuka - - 2008
An outbreak of food poisoning that affected at least ten people in various regions of Japan was traced to exposure to Chinese dumplings contaminated with the organophosphate insecticide Methamidophos. We experienced the most serious case, a five years old girl, who suffered coma. She presented with features of cholinergic overactivity ...
Sakai Fumihiko - - 2008
Staphylococcal enterotoxin H (SEH) is predicted to be involved in staphylococcal food poisoning. To characterize SEH-producing Staphylococcus aureus isolates from staphylococcal food poisoning cases in Japan, we investigated the relationship between SEH production and coagulase serotype, which is an epidemiological marker, and compared the properties of SEH production with those ...
Liu Y - - 2008
We derive mathematical expressions for the mean number of casualties resulting from a deliberate release of a biological or chemical agent into a food supply chain. Our analysis first computes the amount of contaminated food as a function of the network topology and vessel sizes in the food processing plant. ...
Smith Silas W - - 2008
Ingestion of immature, environmentally stressed, or cultivar-specific Solanum species (particularly the potato) has been previously associated with gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms caused by solanaceous steroidal glycoalkaloids (SGAs). We report on two geographically, temporally disparate outbreaks of poisoning by susumber berries (Solanum torvum- Solanaceae) and on detection of alkaloids not present ...
Gregis Veronica - - 2008
The formation of flowers starts when floral meristems develop on the flanks of the inflorescence meristem. In Arabidopsis the identity of floral meristems is promoted and maintained by APETALA1 (AP1) and CAULIFLOWER (CAL). In the ap1 cal double mutant the meristems that develop on the flanks of the inflorescence meristem ...
Stuart Andrew - - 2008
PURPOSE: The effect of frequency altered feedback (FAF) on stuttering type (i.e., prolongation, repetition, or silent block) and stuttering duration (i.e., average duration of stuttering event and total stuttering time) was examined. METHOD: Retrospective analyses of previously collected data from 12 adult persons who stutter who participated in an ABA ...
Miki Yasuhiro - - 2008
Clostridium perfringens is an important anaerobic pathogen causing food-borne gastrointestinal (GI) diseases in humans and animals. It is thought that C. perfringens food poisoning isolates typically carry the enterotoxin gene (cpe) on their chromosome, while isolates from other GI diseases, such as antibiotic-associated diarrhea, carry cpe on a transferable plasmid. ...
Savage Ken N - - 2008
The silk that orb-weaving spiders produce for use as dragline and for the frame of the web is spun from the major ampullate (MA) glands, and it is renowned for its exceptional toughness. The fibroins that make up MA silk have previously been organized into two major groupings, spidroin-1 and ...
Yoshida Takemi - - 2008
The nerve gas sarin has been responsible for tragic disasters in Matsumoto city, Nagano in 1994 and in the Tokyo subway system in 1995, which was a terrorist attack against non-military citizens. These chemical weapons exposures shocked the world, and have become sources of social concern. Thereafter there were several ...
Carlson Curt A - - 2008
N. M. Steblay, J. Dysart, S. Fulero, and R. C. L. Lindsay (2001) argued that sequential lineups reduce the likelihood of mistaken eyewitness identification. Experiment 1 replicated the design of R. C. L. Lindsay and G. L. Wells (1985), the first study to show the sequential lineup advantage. However, the ...
Kanwar Ritu - - 2008
Activity of the big brain (bib) gene influences Notch signaling during Drosophila nervous system development. We demonstrate that Bib, which belongs to the aquaporin family of channel proteins, is required for endosome maturation in Drosophila epithelial cells. In the absence of Bib, early endosomes arrest and form abnormal clusters, and ...
Fox Jay W - - 2008
As more data are generated from proteome and transcriptome analyses of snake venoms, we are gaining an appreciation of the complexity of the venoms and, to some degree, the various sources of such complexity. However, our knowledge is still far from complete. The translation of genetic information from the snake ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2008
On 24 September 2005, Hurricane Rita made landfall in eastern Texas, resulting in the mandatory evacuation of 16 counties and declaration of disaster areas in 22 counties afterward. This study tested whether the evacuation and hurricane landfall affected the pattern of Texas poison center calls. Texas poison center calls received ...
Kasahara Yoshimasa - - 2008
A simple method for the simultaneous determination of four aconitine analogues (AC; aconitine, HA; hypaconitine, MA; mesaconitine, JA; jesaconitine) in Aconitum plants (Aconitum subcuneatum NAKAI) and a food that caused food poisoning was developed, using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Aconitine analogues were extracted with 1 mmol/L HCl and ...
Porrata Carmen - - 2008
Learning to live and eat differently is essential to turning back the global epidemic of chronic diseases. And Cubans are no exception. As a rule, Cubans scarcely consume whole-grain cereals, fruits, or leafy green and other vegetables. But we have a relatively high consumption of saturated fats, sugars, refined cereals, ...
Ancora Stefania - - 2008
Waterbirds are exposed to many contaminants, including lead from ingestion of shot and fishing sinkers. Lead poisoning had never been reported in flamingos wintering in Italian wetlands. Our investigation stems from a case of four flamingos found dead in Tuscany in 2002 with numerous lead shot in their gizzards. We ...
Proescher Jody B - - 2008
The CCS copper chaperone is critical for maturation of Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) through insertion of the copper co-factor and oxidization of an intra-subunit disulfide. The disulfide helps stabilize the SOD1 polypeptide, which can be particularly important in cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) linked to misfolding of mutant SOD1. ...
Bird Steven B - - 2008
Organophosphorus (OP) pesticides poison more than 3,000,000 people every year in the developing world, mostly through intentional self-poisoning. Advances in medical therapy for OP poisoning have lagged, and current treatment is not highly effective with mortality of up to 40% in even the most advanced Western medical facilities. Administration of ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >