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Price M H H MH a Department of Biology, University of Victoria , Post Office Box 3020, Station CSC , Victoria , British Columbia , V8W 3N5 , - - 2013
Abstract The transmission of pathogens is a common consequence of animal food production. Marine salmon farms and their processing facilities can serve as sources of virulent fish pathogens; our study is the first to confirm the broadcast of a live fish pathogen from a farmed salmon processing facility into the ...
Rafiei Morteza M Department of Medical Education, Medical Education Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Food security is a state in which all people at every time have physical and economic access to adequate food to obviate nutritional needs and live a healthy and active life. Therefore, this study was performed to quantitatively evaluate the household food security in Esfahan using the localized version of ...
Gebreegziabher Tafere T Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia. - - 2013
Background. Although the photosynthesis and bioavailability of vitamin D are influenced by various factors, vitamin D is produced in the skin by ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation from sunlight. However, vitamin D insufficiency is being recognized as a common problem, even in areas with abundant sunshine. This study assessed vitamin D ...
Anema Aranka - - 2013
Integration of HIV and food security services is imperative to improving the health and well-being of people living with HIV. However, consensus does not exist on definitions and measures of food security to guide service delivery and evaluation in the context of HIV. This paper reviews definitions and indicators of ...
Gómez-Espinosa Erendira - - 2013
The proximate causes of variation in glucocorticoids (GCs) of many free-ranging primates are still unclear, and in some cases, the available evidence is contradictory. Such is the case of mantled howler monkeys. In the present study, we tested whether variation in GC levels in this species could be predicted by ...
Laxer Rachel E RE a School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, - - 2014
The study objective was to estimate the proportion of excessive fast-food consumption by youth that is attributable to living and attending school in a neighbourhood with a moderate or high density of fast-food restaurants. This was a cross-sectional study of 6099 Canadian youths (aged 11-15 years) from 255 school neighbourhoods. ...
Zhang Dao - - 2013
Generally, food abundance and distribution exert important influence on primate ranging behavior. Hoolock gibbons (genus Hoolock) live in lowland and montane forests in India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and China. All information about hoolock gibbons comes from studies on western hoolock gibbons (Hoolock hoolock) living in lowland forest. Between August 2010 and ...
Buckland Nicola J - - 2013
Dieters' long term goals to lose weight often fail in the short term due to hedonic temptations. Restrained eating coupled with disinhibition can lead to overconsumption when highly palatable foods are available. In contrast, it is predicted that exposure to diet-congruent food cues remind dieters of their long term diet ...
Smoyer Amy B AB Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, School of Public Health, Yale University, 135 College Street, #200, New Haven, CT 06510, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Prison is a major "place" for drug users in the US, yet remarkably little is known about the lived experience of incarceration. More information about prison life is needed to improve health outcomes for incarcerated and formerly incarcerated people. Thirty (30) formerly incarcerated women were interviewed about prison food. All ...
Røssvoll Elin Halbach - - 2013
An informed consumer can compensate for several potential food safety violations or contaminations that may occur earlier in the food production chain. However, a consumer can also destroy the work of others in the chain by poor food handling practices, e.g., by storing chilled ready-to-eat foods at abusive temperatures. To ...
Colles Susan L SL Charles Darwin University, Menzies School of Health Research, Wellbeing and Chronic Diseases Division, Darwin, - - 2013
Almost 15% of India's urban adult populace now lives with type 2 diabetes. This study aimed to characterize the eating patterns, knowledge, beliefs, and determinants of food choice, and assess associations with the metabolic health among urban Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes. A cross-sectional study of 258 individuals (mean ...
Hörnschemeyer Thomas T 1 Georg-August-University Goettingen, Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach-Institute for Zoology and Anthropology, Berliner Str. 28, 37073 Goettingen, - - 2013
Abstract With the help of scanning electron microscopy, high resolution X-ray tomography (µCT), and finite element analysis, the mechanical and functional properties of the mandibles and associated muscles of the beetle Priacma serrata (LeConte) (Coleoptera: Archostemata) were studied. The combination of these techniques allowed for studying mechanical properties of the ...
McCarthy Mary - - 2013
How people think about food involves a degree of moralisation as they consider "good" and "bad" foods according to learnt socio-cultural standards. Healthy eating has come to play a major part in this moralisation. This research aimed to qualitatively explore the moral space of food for older adults, who are ...
Smith Claire - - 2013
To investigate: (i) the percentage of the New Zealand (NZ) population reporting fast food/takeaway food and restaurant/café food per day; (ii) examine demographic factors associated with their use; (iii) quantify their contribution to energy intake; and (iv) describe the specific types of foods reported from both sources. Twenty-four hour diet ...
Marco A - - 2013
Being Mexico one of the most interesting countries in the world, considering Food, Hunger, Domestic Food consumption, Tourism and International Trade, it deserves a deep study to explain the Food Safety Laws status in the country. While Mexico is the second country in the world, with more International Agreements, is ...
Drimie Scott - - 2013
This paper considers the question of dietary diversity as a proxy for nutrition insecurity in communities living in the inner city and the urban informal periphery in Johannesburg. It argues that the issue of nutrition insecurity demands urgent and immediate attention by policy makers. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken for ...
Saccol Ana Lúcia de Freitas AL a Curso de Nutrição , Centro Universitário Franciscano , Santa Maria , RS , - - 2013
Abstract Access to food that is adequate in both quantity and quality is directly related to the health of a population. Unsafe food may cause an individual to experience varying degrees of illnesses known as foodborne disease. As their daily lives change, an increasing number of Brazilian people eat outside ...
Kilanowski Jill F JF Department of Nursing, Capital University, Columbus, OH 43209, USA. - - 2013
This is a report of a 2-group pre-/post-quasi-experimental pilot intervention study, Dietary Intake and Nutrition Education-Phase Three. The purpose of the study was to present self-management health education on healthy eating to Latina migrant farmworker mothers. The intervention had three 1-hour classes. Surveys included household food security, general self-efficacy, acculturation, ...
Kurbel Sven - - 2013
Based on avian and mammalian fossils found in the northeastern Chinese province of Liaoning and physiological traits linked to homeothermy, a hypothesis of evolution of homeothermic animals is proposed. It is based on the importance of muscle function in cold environment, as a strong selection pressure that favors endothermic metabolism ...
Levay Adrienne V - - 2013
Maternal malnutrition in Bangladesh is a persistent health issue and is the product of a number of complex factors, including adherence to food 'taboos' and a patriarchal gender order that limits women's mobility and decision-making. The recent global food price crisis is also negatively impacting poor pregnant women's access to ...
de Morais C - - 2013
Background/objectives:The elderly constitute a population group with a high prevalence of non-communicable chronic diseases and high risk of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated to nutritional risk in free-living European elderly.Subjects/methods:The sample included 644 European citizens, free living in the community, aged 65 years or ...
Zrelec Vukašin V Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne Lausanne, - - 2013
Learning is predicted to affect manifold ecological and evolutionary processes, but the extent to which animals rely on learning in nature remains poorly known, especially for short-lived non-social invertebrates. This is in particular the case for Drosophila, a favourite laboratory system to study molecular mechanisms of learning. Here we tested ...
Appelhans Bradley M BM Department of Preventive Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, 1700 W. Van Buren St., Suite 470, Chicago, IL 60612, United States. Electronic address: - - 2013
Caloric beverages may promote obesity by yielding energy without producing satiety, but prior laboratory and intervention studies are inconclusive. This study examined whether the diets of free-living overweight and obese women show evidence that calories from beverages are offset by reductions in solid food within individual eating occasions and across ...
Jägerstad Margaretha Ingeborg - - 2013
The B-vitamin folate has specific tasks as C1group supplier in the building and repair of DNA and RNA as well as in the methylation of homocystein to methionine. Folate occurs in all living cells in a dynamic state carrying five different C1 groups that are enzymatically transformed and regulated in ...
He Shan - - 2013
As economically relevant traits, feeding behavior and food preference domestication determine production cost and profitability. Although there are intensive research efforts on feeding behavior and food intake, little is known about food preference. Mandarin fish accept only live prey fish and refuse dead prey fish or artificial diets. Very little ...
Mao Junfu - - 2013
An epidemiological survey of canine obesity was carried out in Beijing, China. Cases (n=2391, 7 districts) were collected at 14 animal hospitals between April 2008 and April 2011. The body condition score (scales of 1-5) was used to assess obesity of the dogs (Burkholder and Toll, 2000; Laflamme, 1997). Obesity ...
Omidvar Nasrin - - 2013
The study determined the prevalence of food insecurity and its sociodemographic determinants among Afghan immigrants in two major cities of Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 310 adult females from immigrant Afghan households in Tehran (n=155) and Mashhad (n=155), who were recruited through multistage sampling. Data ...
Hoefel Maria da Graca MD Department of Public Health, Universidade de Brasilia, Brasilia, DF, - - 2013
The work of recycling solid waste segregators allows a precarious livelihood, but triggers a disease process that exacerbates their health and well-being. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of occupational accidents at the open dump in the Federal District and its associated factors. Most segregators have had an accident ...
Yang Ziming - - 2014
A novel flavour microcapsule containing vanilla oil (VO) was developed using complex coacervation approach, aimed to control release of VO and enhance its thermostability for spice application in food industry. Viscosity of chitosan (CS) and VO/CS ratio were optimised for fabrication of microcapsules. The flavour microcapsules were evaluated by scanning ...
Levin Kate A - - 2013
Improving the diet of the Scottish population has been a government focus in recent years. Population health is known to vary between geographies; therefore alongside trends and socio-economic inequalities in eating behaviour, geographic differences should also be monitored. Eating behaviour data from the 2010 Scotland Health Behaviour in School-aged Children ...
Parrish Audrey E - - 2013
We investigated whether chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) misperceived food portion sizes depending upon the context in which they were presented, something that often affects how much humans serve themselves and subsequently consume. Chimpanzees judged same-sized and smaller food portions to be larger in amount when presented on a small plate compared ...
Zhang Qi - - 2013
Children in food-insecure households are more likely to experience poorer health function and worse academic achievement. To investigate the relationship between economic environmental factors and food insecurity among children, we examined the relationship between general and specific food prices (fast food, fruits and vegetables, beverages) and risk of low (LFS) ...
Uprichard Emma - - 2013
This article presents data from the UK Mass Observation Archive drawn from the 1982 Winter Food Directive, which focuses on memories of childhood food 'hates'. Through our analysis of these data, we identify three main findings: a) there is a discrepancy between individual-level and collective aggregate level food hates, which ...
Kruger Daniel J - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . We investigated the relationship of the local availability of fast-food restaurant locations with diet and obesity. Design . We geocoded addresses of survey respondents and fast-food restaurant locations to assess the association between the local concentration of fast-food outlets, BMI, and fruit and vegetable consumption. Setting . ...
Nishi Nobuo - - 2013
Background: During the year after the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011, the health conditions and lifestyles of survivors were extensively surveyed. We examined the relationship between living conditions and dietary pattern among survivors.Methods: A total of 10 466 survivors aged 18 years or older (25% of the ...
Britt A G AG Department of Environment and Primary Industries, P.O. Box 2500, Bendigo, Victoria, 3554, Australia. - - 2013
It is rarely possible to successfully contain an outbreak of an infectious animal disease, or to respond effectively to a chemical residue incident, without the use of a system for identifying and tracking animals. The linking of animals at the time they are slaughtered--through the use of identification devices or ...
Lamichhane Archana P AP Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 921 Assembly Street, Columbia, SC, - - 2013
A large body of literature has reported differences in exposure to environments supporting either healthy (e.g. supermarkets) or unhealthy (e.g. fast food outlets) dietary choices by neighborhood characteristics. We explored the associations of both supermarkets and fast food outlets availability with neighborhood characteristics, and clustering of these two outlet types ...
Montebelli Alberto - - 2013
Abstract We present a novel example of a biomechatronic hybrid system. The living component of the system, embedded within microbial fuel cells, relies on the availability of food and water in order to produce electrical energy. The latter is essential to the operations of the mechatronic component, responsible for finding ...
Best Rachael L - - 2013
Many older adults consume inadequate protein for their needs. This study explored the factors associated with the consumption of high-protein foods in older adults. Participants over the age of 65 years (n = 28) took part in 1 of 4 focus group discussions on meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, ...
Bacal Liane R - - 2013
CME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES 1. Recognize and appreciate the impact of food allergies on psychosocial health. 2. List the factors that have been shown to negatively affect health-related quality of life. 3. Understand how physicians can directly help to improve a child's quality of life while living with food allergies. Food ...
Abbott Rebecca A - - 2013
The need to improve the nutrition of the elderly living in long term care has long been recognised, but how this can best be achieved, and whether (and which) intervention is successful in reducing morbidity is less well understood. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness ...
Imamura Kazuko - - 2013
Although anaphylaxis caused by foods is well known, an immediate allergic reaction due to jellyfish ingestion has never been reported. We report a 32-year-old Japanese female, who developed anaphylaxis after eating salt-preserved jellyfish. The patient was a surfer and had frequently been stung by jellyfish. Thirty minutes after eating salted ...
Lovari Sandro - - 2013
In monogamous species, after pair formation, the main reason for ranging movements is not searching for a mate, but for other important resources e.g. food. We monitored a total of 20 radio-tagged adult, paired crested porcupines in four areas of different habitat richness. No sexual size dimorphism was assessed. Body ...
Gartland Kma - - 2013
Biotechnology uses substances, materials or extracts derived from living cells, employing 22 million Europeans in a €1.5Tn endeavour, being the premier global economic growth opportunity this century. Significant advances have been made in red biotechnology using pharmaceutically and medically relevant applications, green biotechnology developing agricultural and environmental tools and white ...
Devoe Sanford E - - 2013
We investigated whether the prevalence of fast-food restaurants in the social ecology are associated with greater financial impatience at the national, neighborhood, and individual level. Study 1 shows that the proliferation of fast-food restaurants over the past 3 decades in the developed world was associated with a historic shift in ...
Loopstra Rachel - - 2013
Cross-sectional studies have established a relationship between poverty and food insecurity, but little is known about the acute changes within households that lead to changes in food insecurity. This study examined how changes in income, employment status, and receipt of welfare related to change in severity of food insecurity during ...
Gross Michael L - - 2013
Hunger striking is a nonviolent act of political protest. It is not the expression of a wish to die, nor is it akin to the decision of a terminally ill patient to discontinue food and fluid intake. Rather, it is brinkmanship. Faced with hunger-striking detainees, prison authorities have three choices: ...
Black Andrew P - - 2013
Healthy food subsidy programmes have not been widely implemented in high-income countries apart from the USA and the UK. There is, however, interest being expressed in the potential of healthy food subsidies to complement nutrition promotion initiatives and reduce the social disparities in healthy eating. Herein, we describe the impact ...
Vuillermin P J - - 2013
A variety of hypotheses have been proposed to explain the recently described increase in food allergy among children living in developed countries. In this study, we summarize the emerging risk factors for IgE-mediated food allergy in early life, and then review the evidence for and against an association between low ...
Mann T - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of chewing and swallowing dysfunctions to nutritional status in older adults. This cross-sectional study comprised a convenience sample of 1065 community-dwelling older adults living in rural United States. Dietary assessment included the Block Full Length Food Frequency Questionnaire, 24-hour Food ...
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