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Dröscher Iris I Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology Unit, German Primate Center, Göttingen, - - 2014
Group-living folivorous primates can experience competition for food, and feeding competition has also been documented for solitarily foraging gummivorous and omnivorous primates. However, little is known about the types and consequences of feeding competition in solitary folivorous foragers. We conducted this study in the spiny forest of Berenty Reserve, southern ...
Astbury Nerys M NM University of Nottingham, School of Biomedical Sciences, Queen's Medical Centre, Clifton Boulevard, Nottingham, United Kingdom (NMA, MAT, and IAM), and Mars Inc, Slough, United Kingdom - - 2014
The manipulation of the composition of foods consumed as between-meal snacks may aid daily energy restriction. We compared the effects of the consumption of 2 energy-matched snack bars on appetite, energy intake (EI), and metabolic and endocrine responses. In addition, we investigated whether the acute effects of the consumption of ...
Sobal Jeffery J Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Contemporary families and food systems are both becoming more dynamic and complex, and current associations between adult family meals and body mass index (BMI) are not well understood. This investigation took a new approach by examining diverse settings and sources of food for family dinners in relationship to BMI in ...
Chi Donald L DL Donald L. Chi, Erin E. Masterson, Lloyd A. Mancl, and Susan E. Coldwell are with the Department of Oral Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Washington, Seattle. Adam C. Carle is with the Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, and the Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, - - 2014
We examined associations of household socioeconomic status (SES) and food security with children's oral health outcomes. We analyzed 2007 and 2008 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data for children aged 5 to 17 years (n = 2206) to examine the relationship between food security and untreated dental caries and to ...
Scheibehenne Benjamin B Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Missionsstrasse 62A, 4055 Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The heritability of variety seeking in the food domain was estimated from a large sample (N = 5543) of middle age to elderly monozygotic and dizygotic twins from the "Virginia 30,000" twin study. Different dietary variety scores were calculated based on a semi-quantitative food choice questionnaire that assessed consumption frequencies and quantities ...
Lucan Sean C SC Department of Family and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study describes mobile food vendors (street vendors) in Bronx, NY, considering neighborhood-level correlations with demographic, diet, and diet-related health measures from City data. Vendors offering exclusively "less-healthy" foods (e.g., chips, processed meats, sweets) outnumbered vendors offering exclusively "healthier" foods (e.g., produce, whole grains, nuts). Wet days and winter months ...
Moleón Marcos M School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits, 2050, Johannesburg, South Africa; Departamento de Biología Aplicada, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Ctra. Beniel Km 3.2, 03312, Orihuela, Alicante, - - 2014
Predation and scavenging have been classically understood as independent processes, with predator-prey interactions and scavenger-carrion relationships occurring separately. However, the mere recognition that most predators also scavenge at variable rates, which has been traditionally ignored in food-web and community ecology, leads to a number of emergent interaction routes linking predation ...
Schmaelzle Samantha - - 2014
Many programs aim to alleviate vitamin A deficiency. Biofortification is an approach to improve provitamin A carotenoid concentrations of staple crops in some developing countries. In rural Zambia, maize accounts for the majority of energy intake. Provitamin A-biofortified (orange) maize has been released in Zambia. This study quantified food intake ...
Inomata Chisato C Department of Prosthodontics, Gerodontology and Oral Rehabilitation, Osaka University Graduate School of - - 2014
The number of teeth has frequently been used as an indicator of oral health in investigations of food intake; however, this measure doesn't represent the efficacy of the masticatory performance. Masticatory performance may be more important for food selection and avoidance than number of remaining teeth. The aim of this ...
McCarthy Sinéad S Consumer Behaviour for Food and Health, Food Market & Consumer Research Group, Department of Agrifood Business & Spatial Analysis, Rural Economy and Development Programme, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Human behaviour is made up of many repeated patterns and habitual behaviours. Our day to day lives are punctuated by work, education, domestic chores, sleep and food. Changes in daily patterns such as not working in paid employment or attending school at the weekend contributes significantly to changes in dietary ...
Sohi Inderbir I Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, - - 2014
To explore potential differences in food shopping behaviors and healthy food availability perceptions between residents living in areas with low and high food access. A cross-sectional telephone survey to assess food shopping behaviors and perceptions. Data from an 8-county food environment field census used to define the Centers for Disease ...
Hui Amy Leung AL Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To enhance the dietary education presented to women with gestational diabetes (GDM) by exploring the reasons and experiences that women with GDM reported in making their food-choice decisions after receipt of dietary education from a healthcare professional. Food Choice Map (FCM) semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 30 women with ...
Borzutzky Arturo A Immunology and Rheumatology Unit, Division of - - 2014
Atopic dermatitis (AD) affects 10% to 20% of children worldwide. Its severity may be inversely correlated with 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels. Although low levels of vitamin D (VD) can cause rickets in infants, VD deficiency rickets is an unusual presentation in teenagers. We report the case of a 14-year-old girl ...
Grueter Cyril C CC Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany; Karisoke Research Center, Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International, BP 105, Musanze, North Province, Rwanda; School of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, The University of Western Australia, Crawley/Perth WA 6009, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maintaining a balanced energy budget is important for survival and reproduction, but measuring energy balance in wild animals has been fraught with difficulties. Female mountain gorillas are interesting subjects to examine environmental correlates of energy balance because their diet is primarily herbaceous vegetation, their food supply shows little seasonal variation ...
Fielding-Miller Rebecca - - 2014
Swaziland has the highest HIV prevalence in the world - 32% of adults are currently living with HIV -- and many Swazis are chronically food insecure -- in 2011 one in four Swazis required food aid from the World Food Programme. In southern Africa, food insecurity has been linked to ...
Kristal Alan R - - 2014
Computer-administered food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) can address limitations inherent in paper questionnaires by allowing very complex skip patterns, portion size estimation based on food pictures, and real-time error checking. We evaluated a web-based FFQ, the Graphical Food Frequency System (GraFFS). Participants completed the GraFFS, six telephone-administered 24-hour dietary recalls over ...
Will Catherine M CM Department of Sociology, University of - - 2014
This article is concerned with talk about and the practices of healthy living in relation to cholesterol reduction. It draws on qualitative interviews with 89 people who are current or former users of either cholesterol-lowering functional foods or statins for cardiovascular risk reduction. Focusing on data about everyday activities including ...
Kim Hyun H School of Alternative Medicine and Health Science, Jeonju University, Jeonju 560-759, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aims to record and analyze the traditional knowledge of wild edible mushrooms utilized by residents living in Jirisan National Park (Korea). Data was collected through participant observations and in-depth interviews with semi-structured questionnaires. Quantitative comparative analyses were accomplished through informant consensus factor (ICF), fidelity level (FL), and inter-network ...
Hartmann Christina C Institute for Environmental Decisions (IED), Consumer Behaviour, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 22, CHN J75.1, CH-8092 Zurich, - - 2014
We compared the dietary behaviour of three different household types and explored developmental trends in food choices following a life event. The study is based on data from three Swiss Food Panel survey periods. A cross-sectional comparison between household types was conducted by using a one-way independent ANOVA. Repeated measures ...
Guo Xusheng - - 2014
Tibetan nomads have lived since ancient times in the unique and harsh environment of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau with average altitudes over 4000 m. These people have been able to live and multiply healthily over numerous generations under the extreme stress of high-altitude environment, including cold, hypoxia, and strong ultraviolet radiation, and ...
Russell J J V. Flood, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Behavioural and Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia; Ph +61 2 4221 3947; Fax: +61 2 4221 3486; Email: - - 2014
Objective: With ongoing national concern about food security, the aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity and to identify associated characteristics in a cohort of older Australians. Design, setting and participants: The Blue Mountains Eye Study is a cohort study of community living participants aged ...
Ebert Thomas A TA Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, , Corvallis, OR 97331, USA, Department of Biology, Villanova University, , Villanova, PA 19085, - - 2014
A wide variety of organisms show morphologically plastic responses to environmental stressors but in general these changes are not reversible. Though less common, reversible morphological structures are shown by a range of species in response to changes in predators, competitors or food. Theoretical analysis indicates that reversible plasticity increases fitness ...
Bygren Lars Olov LO Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden. - - 2014
This study investigated whether large fluctuations in food availability during grandparents' early development influenced grandchildren's cardiovascular mortality. We reported earlier that changes in availability of food - from good to poor or from poor to good - during intrauterine development was followed by a double risk of sudden death as ...
Raaijmakers Lieke Gm LG Department of Health Promotion, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre +, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. - - 2014
To assess how much of a public health problem emotional and instrumental feeding practices are, we explored the use of these feeding practices in a sample of Dutch mothers regarding their child's food intake between main meals. A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among 359 mothers of primary school children ...
Nacano Letícia Ramos LR a Laboratório de Toxicologia e Essencialidade de Metais, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto , Universidade de São Paulo, Monte Alegre , Ribeirão Preto , São Paulo , - - 2014
Dietary exposure to arsenic (AS), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) of Brazilian schoolchildren living in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, was assessed. Food samples including rice, beans, vegetables, fruits, and meat served daily by public schools were collected as presented in different seasons. Metallic elements were determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry ...
Minaker Leia M LM School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo LHN 1711, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L - - 2014
Objectives. Low-income families may face financial barriers to management and treatment of chronic illnesses. No studies have explored how low-income individuals and families with anaphylactic food allergies cope with financial barriers to anaphylaxis management and/or treatment. This study explores qualitatively assessed direct, indirect, and intangible costs of anaphylaxis management and ...
Terragni Laura L a Department of Health Sciences , Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Science , Oslo , - - 2014
This article explores the early phase of dietary acculturation after migration. South Asian, African and Middle Eastern women (N = 21) living in Norway were interviewed about their early experiences with food in a new context. The findings pointed to abrupt changes in food habits in the first period after ...
Orihuela Gabriela G Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden, Coral Gables, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Predators are a ubiquitous presence in most natural environments. Opportunities to contrast the behaviour of a species in the presence and absence of predators are thus rare. Here we report on the behaviour of howler monkey groups living under radically different conditions on two land-bridge islands in Lago Guri, Venezuela. ...
Von Essen Elisabeth E Department of Work Science, Business Economics and Environmental Psychology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden; - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate how young adults use their lived body as a starting point for lifestyle explorations and as a strategy for well-being. The transcripts of 10 interviews with persons 18 to 33 years old, collected in Sweden, were analysed for variation in the practises ...
Tyler Susan S a Department of Community and Family Health, College of Public Health , University of South Florida , Tampa , Florida , - - 2014
Good nutrition in late life is key to the health of older adults and demands the attention of health promoters. To assess how the social lives and community environmental supports and barriers affect older adults' nutritional health, we conducted 29 focus groups with 144 residents of The Villages, Florida. Participants ...
Pascual-Ahuir Amparo A Department of Biotechnology, Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Plantas, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Ingeniero Fausto Elio s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain. - - 2014
Mycotoxins are important food contaminants and a serious threat for human nutrition. However, in many cases the mechanisms of toxicity for this diverse group of metabolites are poorly understood. Here we apply live cell gene expression reporters in yeast as a quantitative model to unravel the cellular defense mechanisms in ...
Sarmah P C - - 2014
The practice of eating rumen flukes of cattle by a section of people living in Meghalaya, a north eastern State of India, is reported in this communication. Economically backward, some rural people belonging to Khasi, Jaintia, Garo, and Karbi tribes of Christian and Nepali communities who eat beef are accustomed ...
Chapman Colin D CD Dept. of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Obesity is a serious and growing health concern worldwide. Watching television (TV) represents a condition during which many habitually eat, irrespective of hunger level. However, as of yet, little is known about how the content of television programs being watched differentially impacts concurrent eating behavior. In this study, eighteen normal-weight ...
Lu Stephanie K SK School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L - - 2014
Introduction. In Canada, perceived prevalence of food allergy surpasses systematic estimates. Canadian immigrants have been found more likely to rate the risk of food allergy as "high" compared to nonimmigrants. Methods. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 3 key informants and 18 allergic individuals of East and Southeast Asian descent in ...
Rafiei Hossein H Department of Medical Mycology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Aflatoxins are secondary toxic metabolites produced by certain group of Aspergillus species in suitable conditions. These toxins are highly toxic, immunosuppressive, mutagenic, teratogenic and carcinogenic metabolites. The purpose of this study was to detection aflatoxin M1 concentration in mother's milk from rural area of Khorrambid town of Fars Province. In ...
Wallin Viktoria V Department of Neurobiology, Care Science and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Palliative Research Centre, Ersta University College and Ersta Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2013
To explore partners' experiences of everyday life in caring for a dying person with eating deficiencies at home. When a dying person receives care at home, eating deficiencies can influence everyday life for family members, who often take responsibility for the provision of food and meals. The literature reveals this ...
Bilski Jan J Department of Ergonomics and Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University School of Medicine, Krakow, - - 2013
Introduction and research aims: The aim of the work was an evaluation of the impact of physical exertion on the regulating of food intake and digestive system hormone release as well as the partly connected phenomenon of evaluating the subjective sensation of hunger and the amount of food consumed at ...
Binnington Matthew J MJ Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2013
Because human exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) mainly occurs through ingestion of contaminated food, regulatory bodies issue dietary consumption advisories to describe safe intake levels for food items of concern, particularly fish. Our study goal was to estimate the effectiveness of fish consumption advisories in reducing exposure of infants ...
Rawlings Bruce B Psychology Department, Centre for Comparative and Evolutionary Psychology, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 2DY, UK, - - 2013
Researchers investigating the evolutionary roots of human culture have turned to comparing behaviours across nonhuman primate communities, with tool-based foraging in particular receiving much attention. This study examined whether natural extractive foraging behaviours other than tool selection differed across nonhuman primate colonies that had the same foods available. Specifically, the ...
Fielden Sarah J - - 2013
As an increasing number of countries implement integrated food and nutrition security (FNS) and HIV programs, global stakeholders need clarity on how to best measure FNS at the individual and household level. This paper reviews prominent FNS measurement tools, and describes considerations for interpretation in the context of HIV. There ...
Richter Christin - - 2013
Logging and forest loss continues to be a major problem within Southeast Asia and as a result, many species are becoming threatened or extinct. The present study provides the first detailed and comprehensive ecological data on the Siberut macaque (Macaca siberu), a primate species living exclusively on the island of ...
Price M H H MH a Department of Biology, University of Victoria , Post Office Box 3020, Station CSC , Victoria , British Columbia , V8W 3N5 , - - 2013
Abstract The transmission of pathogens is a common consequence of animal food production. Marine salmon farms and their processing facilities can serve as sources of virulent fish pathogens; our study is the first to confirm the broadcast of a live fish pathogen from a farmed salmon processing facility into the ...
Rafiei Morteza M Department of Medical Education, Medical Education Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Food security is a state in which all people at every time have physical and economic access to adequate food to obviate nutritional needs and live a healthy and active life. Therefore, this study was performed to quantitatively evaluate the household food security in Esfahan using the localized version of ...
Gebreegziabher Tafere T Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia. - - 2013
Background. Although the photosynthesis and bioavailability of vitamin D are influenced by various factors, vitamin D is produced in the skin by ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation from sunlight. However, vitamin D insufficiency is being recognized as a common problem, even in areas with abundant sunshine. This study assessed vitamin D ...
Anema Aranka - - 2013
Integration of HIV and food security services is imperative to improving the health and well-being of people living with HIV. However, consensus does not exist on definitions and measures of food security to guide service delivery and evaluation in the context of HIV. This paper reviews definitions and indicators of ...
Gómez-Espinosa Erendira - - 2013
The proximate causes of variation in glucocorticoids (GCs) of many free-ranging primates are still unclear, and in some cases, the available evidence is contradictory. Such is the case of mantled howler monkeys. In the present study, we tested whether variation in GC levels in this species could be predicted by ...
Laxer Rachel E RE a School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, - - 2014
The study objective was to estimate the proportion of excessive fast-food consumption by youth that is attributable to living and attending school in a neighbourhood with a moderate or high density of fast-food restaurants. This was a cross-sectional study of 6099 Canadian youths (aged 11-15 years) from 255 school neighbourhoods. ...
Zhang Dao - - 2013
Generally, food abundance and distribution exert important influence on primate ranging behavior. Hoolock gibbons (genus Hoolock) live in lowland and montane forests in India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and China. All information about hoolock gibbons comes from studies on western hoolock gibbons (Hoolock hoolock) living in lowland forest. Between August 2010 and ...
Buckland Nicola J - - 2013
Dieters' long term goals to lose weight often fail in the short term due to hedonic temptations. Restrained eating coupled with disinhibition can lead to overconsumption when highly palatable foods are available. In contrast, it is predicted that exposure to diet-congruent food cues remind dieters of their long term diet ...
Smoyer Amy B AB Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, School of Public Health, Yale University, 135 College Street, #200, New Haven, CT 06510, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Prison is a major "place" for drug users in the US, yet remarkably little is known about the lived experience of incarceration. More information about prison life is needed to improve health outcomes for incarcerated and formerly incarcerated people. Thirty (30) formerly incarcerated women were interviewed about prison food. All ...
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