Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 649
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Ohazurike N C - - 1996
The effect of four fungicides on rot of cocoyam tubers, vegetative growth and extracelluar enzymes of the pathogen was investigated. At 200 ppm concentration, rot was completely prevented by Dithane M45. Benomyl and Iprodione in tubers of Xanthosoma sagittifolium. There was better protection by the fungicides for Cocoyam tubers treated ...
Werner H - - 1996
The antimicrobial susceptibility of 196 recent clinical isolates of anaerobic bacteria to ampicillin alone, ampicillin plus 1 mug/ml sulbactam, ampicillin plus 5 mug/ml sulbactam, and cefoxitin was studied by means of agar dilution tests. The ampicillin/sulbactam combination was most effective against species of the Bacteroides fragilis group, the minimum inhibitory ...
Piperno G - - 1996
Inner dynein arms, but not outer dynein arms, require the activity of KHP1(FLA10) to reach the distal part of axonemes before binding to outer doublet microtubules. We have analyzed the rescue of inner or outer dynein arms in quadriflagellate dikaryons by immunofluorescence microscopy of p28(IDA4), an inner dynein arm light ...
Lee W C - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to make a comparative epidemiological observation on outbreaks of food poisoning between Korea and Japan, during the period from 1971 to 1990. The mean morbidity rate by fiscal year from 1971 to 1990 was 3.0 per 100,000 population in Korea, and 29.2 in Japan. ...
Raats M M - - 1996
Risk perception may be influenced by a number of factors, such as unfamiliarity, lack of control, perceived consequences, and hazards being seen as catastrophic and having risk for future generations. Risk perception researchers have typically used such investigator-selected characteristics to assess hazards. In the first study reported here, the repertory ...
O'Brien B L - - 1996
Mushroom poisoning with resultant liver toxicity often occurs in experienced collectors. The increasing popularity of natural foods has lead to an increased incidence of mushroom poisoning among the general population. This report describes a grandmother with over 30 yr of self-taught expertise in selecting and preparing wild mushrooms, who prepared ...
Rye K A - - 1996
The effect of sphingomyelin (SPM) on the structure and function of discoidal and spherical reconstituted high density lipoproteins (rHDL) has been studied. Three preparations of discoidal rHDL with 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine (POPC)/SPM/unesterified cholesterol (UC)/apolipoprotein (apo)A-I molar ratios of 99.6/0. 0/10.2/1.0, 86.0/13.6/10.8/1.0, and 72.5/26.3/11.4/1.0 were prepared by cholate dialysis. SPM did not ...
Yang C C - - 1996
The Taiwan National Poison Center has received more than 30,000 telephone calls since its establishment in July 1985. OBJECTIVE: To obtain more information about poisoning exposures in Taiwan, a retrospective analysis was conducted of all telephone calls to the center concerning human poisoning exposures July 1985 through December 1993. METHODS: ...
Lin T J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Aleurites fordii, widely distributed in the Southeastern US, Taiwan, mainland China, Japan and India, is commonly known as Tung Nut, Tung Oil Tree or Chinawood Oil Tree. The seeds are the most toxic part. CASE REPORTS: We report two outbreaks of Aleurites fordii poisoning, occurring on November 27, 1992 ...
Gould G W - - 1995
There remains considerable public concern regarding the current high level of food poisoning disease in Europe and the fact that, year by year, it continues to rise rather than fall. At the same time, there are strong and increasing demands from consumers for foods that are more convenient, fresher, more ...
Harding W R - - 1995
A bull terrier died after drinking water at the margin of Zeekoevlei near Cape Town. At the time, Zeekoevlei, a hypertrophic coastal lake, contained a bloom of the cyanobacteria Nodularia spumigena and Microcystis aeruginosa. The circumstances of the incident, clinical signs of poisoning and histopathology, which mainly revealed extensive liver ...
Kawasaki K - - 1995
Hybrids of fibronectin-related peptides [Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD), Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS)] and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) were prepared and their inhibitory effects on experimental metastasis in mice were examined. The inhibitory effect of RGD was markedly potentiated by hybrid formation with poly(ethylene glycol) #6000. As to inhibitory effect, RGD was more potent than RGDS ...
Bentham G - - 1995
In recent years there have been several spells of high temperatures providing analogues for the conditions that might become more common as a result of the enhanced greenhouse effect. Statistical models were developed of the relationship between the monthly incidence of food poisoning and temperatures and these were then used ...
Balint JP - - 1995
Infectious diarrhea continues to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world and is a common problem in adolescents. It is frequently related to travel, ingestion of contaminated water, and food poisoning. This article presents an approach to the evaluation and management of the adolescent who presents ...
Kanchanapongkul J - - 1995
At certain seasons of the year in Thailand, the horseshoe crab Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda may be toxic to human and fatal poisoning occasionally occur. Tetrodotoxin (TTX) and its derivatives were major toxins in the toxic eggs of the horseshoe crab. An epidemic of poisoning by eating toxic eggs of the horseshoe ...
Khoi H H HH National Institute of Nutrition, Hanoi, Viet - - 1995
The authors have used food intake and Body Mass Index (BMI) to assess Vietnamese adult nutritional status. Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED) is prevalent in Vietnamese adults with an average percentage about 40%. The mean value of BMI in the 26-40 year old age group is 19.7 but it decreases thereafter ...
Fang T C - - 1995
Reports of food poisoning caused by pesticide-contaminated food are rare in the medical literature. In this paper, we report six patients who suffered food poisoning in two separate episodes in which the pesticide coumaphos was apparently misused as a food flavoring. These six patients presented not only the general manifestations ...
Krenzelok E P - - 1995
Poison information centers have traditionally served two major functions: the dissemination of poison information and poison prevention education. These functions facilitate the ultimate missions of the poison information centers which are to prevent accidental poisonings and to decrease morbidity and mortality associated with toxic exposures. Education must be directed at ...
Gautami S - - 1995
An accidental food poisoning outbreak occurred resulting in the death of 14 of the 22 affected persons. Chemical analysis of food materials revealed the presence of sodium nitrite and potassium arsenate. Analysis of urine, gastric contents, liver and kidney, collected at the time of autopsy, confirmed the presence of these ...
Guale F G - - 1994
Zinc phosphide, a readily-available rodenticide, poses a significant risk for intoxication in animals. Animals have been poisoned by ingesting treated bait or the carcasses of poisoned rodents. Toxicity is due to the liberation of phosphine gas in the stomach. Clinical signs include central nervous system excitation, depression and vomition. Similarities ...
Platt T R - - 1994
Uterotrema australispinosa n. gen., n. sp. from the heart of the Murray River turtle Emydura macquarii (Pleurodira: Chelidae) is distinguished from other members of the Spirorchidae by the presence of a voluminous uterus; a single, lobed testis occupying the posterior quarter of the body; linear rows of 5-6 spines arranged ...
Britto L R - - 1994
Retinal lesions in pigeons produced a marked depletion of somata and neuropil staining for both calbindin-D28k and parvalbumin immunoreactivities in the contralateral optic tectum. Calbindin-like immunoreactivity reappeared in some tectal layers by 6 weeks postlesion, whereas paravalbumin-like immunoreactivity recovered almost completely after 5 weeks. These data indicate that the retinal ...
Perharic L - - 1994
The National Poisons Unit, London, carried out a pilot survey to investigate the frequency and severity of adverse effects/toxicity from exposure to traditional medicines and food supplements reported to the Unit. Enquiries related to suspected poisoning events were reviewed retrospectively from January 1983 to March 1989, and prospectively in 1991. ...
Yarden G - - 1994
TheMaladera matrida beetle (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Melolonthinae), a relatively new species to science, was first identified in Israel in 1983. In the course of field observations it was found that adultM. matrida beetles emerged from the soil at sunset to feed and mate. During the first 20 min of flight, most ...
- - 1994
Fiddleheads (crosiers) of the ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris) are a seasonal delicacy harvested commercially in the northeastern United States and in coastal provinces of Canada. Although some common ferns may be poisonous or carcinogenic, this species has been considered to be nontoxic. However, in May 1994, outbreaks of food poisoning ...
Perry B - - 1994
The incidence of food poisoning in the UK is increasing substantially, with about 50% arising in the home. Many different organisms cause food-borne infections, including Salmonella, Campylobacter and Shigella. Storing food correctly is important. Many households shop only once a week and food is often kept for several days before ...
Davies K A - - 1994
Ligatures applied to juveniles of A. avenae at particular developmental times and positions limited the moult to the anterior or posterior portion of the nematode. To partition the moult, ligatures needed to be applied from about 4 h after receipt of the stimulus for moulting up till the onset of ...
Echeverria P - - 1994
In developing countries, the morbidity and mortality rates of gastrointestinal tract infections from food borne bacteria have been difficult to establish. Most studies have only been able to gather data prospectively from isolated geographic sources, rather than from large point-source epidemics. This study investigates the types of bacterial enteric pathogens ...
Romijn C A - - 1994
In a previous study a simple algorithm was presented for effect assessment on secondary poisoning of birds and mammals. This algorithm (MPC = NOECfish-eater/BCFfish) was drawn up by analyzing a two-step aquatic food chain (water-fish-bird/mammal). The algorithm was used to test whether quality criteria set for surface water, based on ...
Kasilo O M - - 1994
1. A ten-year (1980-1989) retrospective study of poisoning admissions due to food poisoning at six referral hospitals in urban Zimbabwe revealed 487 cases. This constituted 8.1% of all poisoning admission cases (6018). 2. The majority of patients were among the 2.1-5 (20%), 5.1-10 (16%) and 21-30 (15%) year age groups ...
Olney J W - - 1994
Evidence is reviewed pertaining to excitatory neurotoxins (excitotoxins) encountered in human food supply. The most frequently encountered food excitotoxin is glutamate (Glu) which is commercially added to many foods despite evidence that it can freely penetrate certain brain regions and rapidly destroy neurons by hyperactivating the NMDA subtype of Glu ...
Sterling E J - - 1994
During the course of a 2-year field study on aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis), data were collected on dietary composition, food acquisition and structural properties of food resources. Aye-ayes in this study sampled remarkably few species from a variety of food types. A majority of these resources were heavily structurally defended and ...
Bradberry S M - - 1994
Sodium nitrite is used commercially as a coloring agent, a food preservative and a corrosion inhibitor. Accidental poisoning usually results from the ingestion of contaminated food and water and causes gastrointestinal irritation, vasodilatation and methemoglobinemia with subsequent tissue hypoxia. We describe an unusual case of sodium nitrite-induced methemoglobinemia following the ...
Aly M H - - 1993
Symptomatic lead poisoning with severe hemolytic anemia was observed in a patient with retained shot gun pellets. Surgical resection of the retained pellets and the use of a newer chelating agent, Succimer (2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid) successfully lowered blood lead level. Hemolytic anemia was associated with deficient erythrocyte pyrimidine 5'-nucleotidase, and lowering ...
Sockett P N - - 1993
This review summarises reports of food poisoning, salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis and other acute foodborne illness to the PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, and notifications of food poisoning collated by the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, in the period 1989-1991. During this period there were continuing rises in notifications of food ...
Kolkovski S - - 1993
The success of microdiets commonly used in the cultivation of marine fish larvae is limited to serving as partial replacements for live food. This limited success is thought to be associated with a reduced digestive ability due to an incompletely developed digestive system. The enhanced growth obtained from live food ...
Voss S - - 1993
This small pilot study surveyed the victims of an outbreak of food poisoning, in order to investigate the personal consequences which they suffered so as to identify costs, which are often ignored in economic analyses. A response rate of 88% was achieved. The results showed that an average of 10.5 ...
Kirk M A - - 1993
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate serial cyanide, methemoglobin, and carbon monoxide levels in smoke inhalation patients. SETTING: Regional poison center and regional toxicology treatment center. PARTICIPANTS: Seven critically ill smoke inhalation patients referred to the regional poison center. INTERVENTIONS: Peak level and half-life were determined by obtaining serial carboxyhemoglobin, cyanide, and ...
Daubeney P E - - 1993
We describe two girls with hypomelanosis of Ito, one of whom was demonstrated to have diploid-triploid mixoploidy in skin fibroblasts. Both had precocious puberty which was probably gonadotrophin-independent. The association of precocious puberty and hypomelanosis of Ito has not been previously reported. We have speculated on the possible mechanism of ...
Llerena A - - 1993
Mephenytoin and debrisoquine hydroxylation phenotypes were determined twice in 15 Spanish healthy volunteers with an interval of about one year. The phenotype assignment did not change in any subject for either debrisoquine or mephenytoin. Among extensive metabolisers of mephenytoin, there was a slight increase (P = 0.04) of the mephenytoin-S/R ...
Takeuchi Y - - 1993
n-Hexane is used in industry as a solvent for adhesive, dry cleaning, and vegetable oil extraction. In 1963, the first case of severe polyneuropathy suspected to be caused by n-hexane was referred to us. Case studies, animal experiments, and field surveys on n-hexane poisoning were conducted, and preventive measures like ...
Lustig F - - 1993
We have investigated the influence of structures in the tRNA anticodon loop and stem on the ability of the anticodon to discriminate among codons. We had previously shown that anticodon UCC, when placed in the structural context of tRNA(Gly1) from Escherichia coli, discriminated efficiently between the glycine codons, as required ...
Rao K V - - 1993
The published procedures for the isolation of taxol from the Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) and other species of Taxus are cumbersome, and the yields of taxol are in the range of 0.0075-0.01%. This paper describes a simple and efficient procedure for the isolation of taxol and its major natural analogues ...
Pain D J - - 1993
Although lead poisoning, through the ingestion of gunshot embedded in prey, is known to have been a significant mortality factor for several raptor species in the United States (Haliaeetus leucocephalus and Gymnogyps Californianus), very little published information is available concerning raptors in Europe. This paper presents the results of liver ...
Phillips S A - - 1993
In Krebs-Ringer phosphate buffer, the rate of formation of methylglyoxal from glycerone phosphate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate was first order with respect to the triose phosphate with rates constant values of 1.94 +/- 0.02 x 10(-5) s-1 (n = 18) and 1.54 +/- 0.02 x 10(-4) s-1 (n = 18) at ...
Lin C N - - 1993
Xanthodilol, mono- and dioxygenated xanthones, and 1,3-, 2,3-, 3,4-, 3,5-, 1,6-, 2,6- and 3,6-dioxygenated xanthones were synthesized from benzophenone precursors by Friedel-Crafts acylation and subsequent base-catalyzed cyclization to eliminate methanol. 3-Hydroxy-xanthone, xanthodilol, 2,3-dihydroxyxanthone diacetate, and 3,4-dihydroxyxanthone and its diacetate showed potent antiplatelet effects on arachidonate- and collagen-induced aggregation. 3,5-Dihydroxyxanthone and ...
Sütlüpinar N - - 1993
One of the food intoxications encountered in Turkey is the case caused by toxic honey made by bees from Rhododendron species. R. luteum and R. ponticum are the two species which grow in the north regions of Turkey. Grayanotoxins, mainly Grayanotoxin I (Andromedotoxin) occurring only in Ericaceae plants, are the ...
Rhodes C J - - 1992
Two Ca(2+)-dependent endopeptidase activities are involved in proinsulin to insulin conversion: type I cleaves COOH-terminal to proinsulin Arg31-Arg32 (B-chain/C-peptide junction); and type II preferentially cleaves at the Lys64-Arg65 site (C-peptide/A-chain junction). To further understand the mechanism of proinsulin processing, we have investigated types I and II endopeptidase processing of intact ...
van Netten P - - 1992
Bacillus cereus is an established cause of food poisoning in addition to being a troublesome and persistent contaminant, responsible for a variety of spoilage defects in processed foods and dairy products. A range of diagnostic and selective media has been developed to facilitate the detection and enumeration of B. cereus ...
Hilton C W - - 1992
Cyclo(His-Pro) (CHP) is a cyclic dipeptide with numerous biological activities. As small di- and tripeptides may be absorbed intact when ingested orally, we were interested in examining several common foods for the presence of cyclo(His-Pro)-like immunoreactivity (CHP-LI). In all foods tested, CHP-LI was found at levels 5-1500 times those previously ...
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