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Yu A - - 1999
A case of an hepatic abscess that developed after percutaneous transhepatic drainage of a subphrenic abscess is presented. The location of the abscess immediately along the tract of the drainage catheter and the similar organisms recovered from bacteriologic culture suggest that the abscess was related to direct contamination along the ...
Lin S J - - 1999
Food poisoning due to ingestion of two fishes, Yongeichthys nebulosus and Sillago japonica, occurred in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, in February 1997. Two male persons (48 and 58 years old) were poisoned, with symptoms featured by dizziness, nausea, vomiting, numbness, and difficulty in respiration. All of the specimens of fish retained by ...
Stellmack M A - - 1999
A correlational analysis was used to assess the relative weight given to the interaural differences of time (IDTs) of source and echo clicks for echo delays ranging from 1-256 ms. In three different experimental conditions, listeners were instructed to discriminate the IDT of the source, the IDT of the echo, ...
Koganezawa M - - 1999
The effects of supplemental feeding by tourists on wild Japanese monkey's home range size and location, and troop size and composition were studied for two monkey troops, Troop A and Troop B, living along the Irohazaka loop road, Nikko National Park, central Japan. Changes were documented based on data gathered ...
Barceloux D G - - 1999
Fomepizole (4-methylpyrazole, 4-MP, Antizol) is a potent inhibitor of alcohol dehydrogenase that was approved recently by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of ethylene glycol poisoning. Although ethanol is the traditional antidote for ethylene glycol poisoning, it has not been studied prospectively. Furthermore, the FDA has ...
Gorman S - - 1999
The story of Job has been an inspiration for centuries to those familiar with the story. It has also been a source of curiosity as to what affliction he suffered. A critical reappraisal of the clinical manifestations of his illness support the contention that he was a victim of poisoning. ...
Arcieri R - - 1999
An outbreak of diarrhoea in a hotel affected 25 time keepers attending the 1997 Mediterranean Games. Epidemiological investigation implicated a 'pasta al ragù' consumed at the hotel's restaurant and Clostridium perfringens food poisoning was identified by direct detection of C. perfringens enterotoxin in patients' stools. This report confirms that a ...
Bernstein R M - - 1999
The scientific approach has reduced the burden of disease in society and removed much of the mystery, yet there is still much subjective illness and unease. Fear of poisoned water, bad food, and bad air may have been of evolutionary advantage to early humans, and these fears remain potent in ...
- - 1998
Although the most common source of pediatric lead poisoning is dust within the home that contains deteriorated lead-based paint from walls and windowsills, other less common sources (1-3) can result in excess exposure among children (i.e., blood lead levels [BLLs] > or =10 microg/dL). This report describes two cases of ...
Sierra-Beltrán A P - - 1998
In the course of the last decade, huge events related to harmful algal blooms (HAB) have severely affected the environment in Mexico, even causing several human casualties. The tally of the toxins known up to date in Mexican waters includes: neurotoxin shellfish poisoning (NSP), paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), amnesic shellfish ...
Rimaroli C - - 1998
The in vitro activity of a new water-soluble polyene, SPA-S-843, was evaluated against 116 strains of Candida, Cryptococcus, and Saccharomyces spp. and compared with that of amphotericin B. SPA-S-843 demonstrated better inhibitory activity against all of the yeasts examined and better fungicidal activity against Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, ...
Harry P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor 4-methylpyrazole (4-MP) is a new antidote of ethylene glycol (EG) intoxication. The purpose of the present case report was to demonstrate 4-MP efficiency in EG poisoning in a 4-year-old child. METHOD AND RESULTS: 4-MP Treatment was performed 7 hours after EG ingestion. Plasma EG and ...
Trevino S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To review history, biology, and medical aspects associated with fish and shellfish poisoning. DATA SOURCES: Current literature, various Web sites, and Halstead's Volume II of Poisonous and Venomous Marine Animals. STUDY SELECTION: Determined by author. DATA SELECTION: Determined by author. DATA SYNTHESIS: Fish and shellfish poisoning occur through the ...
Atkinson P - - 1998
An audit of South Thames infectious disease surveillance systems in 1995 revealed large inconsistencies between the numbers of food poisoning records held on local databases and the numbers of food poisoning notifications reported to the Office for National Statistics (ONS), then called the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys. In ...
Kleiner S M - - 1998
Leading an active life often means eating on the go, especially in summer. But just as summer weather helps our gardens grow, it makes the growing easy for bacteria that can cause foodborne illnesses or food poisoning.
Sy L K - - 1998
Twelve novel (1, 2, 4, 5, 7-14) and two known (3, 6) abietane diterpenes and have been isolated from the aerial parts of Illicium angustisepalum. These diterpenes are unusual in that they are oxygenated at the axial C-19 position of the gem-dimethyl group rather than the equatorial C-18 position.
Onsten I - - 1998
We used radiostereometric analysis to compare wear rates between uncemented porous sockets and cemented all-polyethylene sockets in a series of 102 hips randomised for either a Harris-Galante or a Charnley cup. Wear was evaluated in 95 hips at a mean of five years (2 to 7). All hips had a ...
Garrett L C - - 1998
PURPOSE: In Alaska, aviation was the leading cause of work-related death in 1995 and the second leading cause for the period 1990-95. A descriptive study of aviation crashes was completed to characterize occupational aviation crashes and fatalities in Alaska. METHODS: Aviation-related incidents were abstracted from the Alaska Occupational Injury Surveillance ...
Ohno Y Y Department of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Human Environmental Sciences, Mukogawa Women' s University, Hyogo, - - 1997
The dietary nutrient intake of persons aged 10-68 years (55 males and 54 females) living in the Chitwan district, Nepal, was investigated using the 24-hour recall method. The mean daily consumption of food for males and females averaged 483± 92 and 433± 115 g of cereals, 179± 126 and 167± ...
O'Connor C E - - 1997
Learned aversions developed following sublethal ingestion of poisons are reported to be long-lived in many pest species. This study aimed to identify the duration of bait aversions following poisoning with a common poison (cyanide) used for possum control in New Zealand. Groups of possums with bait aversions (following cyanide poisoning) ...
Schalch B - - 1997
Ribotyping was used to characterize 34 Clostridium perfringens strains isolated from 10 food poisoning cases and outbreaks over a 7-year period. Twelve different ribopatterns were generated by EcoRI digestion. In eight food poisoning cases and outbreaks, all of the ribotypes of each food and stool isolate were found to be ...
Nagai H - - 1997
Manauealides A-C (1-3), compounds related to debromoaplysiatoxin (5), were isolated and characterized from a red alga Gracilaria coronopifolia. Compounds 1 and 2 are presumed to be the causative toxins of G. coronopifolia food poisoning in Hawaii. Manauealide A (1) and C (3) are new macrolides, whereas manauealide B (2) is ...
Corpéchot C - - 1997
Concentrations of the neuroactive steroid 3alpha,5alpha-tetrahydroprogesterone (TH PROG or allopregnanolone) and its precursors progesterone (PROG) and 5alpha-dihydroprogesterone (DH PROG) have been measured in mouse brain throughout the oestrous cycle. Plasma PROG concentrations were also measured for comparison. At each stage, circadian fluctuations were found in the concentrations of brain PROG ...
Todd E C - - 1997
Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) has been documented for two centuries and control programmes have been operated for fifty years. Although some illnesses are reported almost every year, the last known death from PSP occurred in 1981. In more recent years, amnesic shellfish poisoning, ciguatera poisoning, diarrhoetic shellfish poisoning, scombroid (histamine) ...
Loke Y K - - 1997
A 69-year-old lady who was referred by her general practitioner with a diagnosis of food poisoning developed cardiorespiratory arrest shortly after arriving at the Casualty Department. Cardiac output was successfully restored with resuscitation but she had to be mechanically ventilated due to the absence of any spontaneous respiratory effort. Assessment ...
Nencini P - - 1997
Poppies were widely used during antiquity as a source of food, therapeutics, and poisons. It is likely that the alimentary value of poppy seeds was known in the Neolithic age, and there is some evidence that the neuropsychopharmacological effects of poppy juice were exploited during the Minoan civilization in the ...
Beadle A - - 1997
Ciguatera fish poisoning is the most common form of toxin-related food poisoning in the United States. Originating from dinoflagellates living on coral reefs, it is spread up the food and affects humans who ingest the ciguatoxic fish. Ciguatera is primarily endemic in tropical regions of the world. It is a ...
Mancianti F - - 1997
Hair samples were collected from wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Italy to determine the presence of keratinophilic fungi. Eleven (5%) of 211 boars had fungi: two (1%) had Trichophyton mentagrophytes, five (2%) had T. terrestre, two (1%) had Chrysosporium keratinophilum, one (0.5%) had Chrysosporium tropicum, and one (0.5%) had both ...
Barlough J E - - 1997
An ehrlichia was identified in the blood of a diseased llama (lama glama). Sequencing of its 16S rRNA gene showed the ehrlichia to be closely related to members of the Ehrlichia phagocytophila genogroup. The agent was also found in a pool of ticks (Ixodes pacificus) collected at the llama site.
Bacon R - - 1997
Three teenagers from a butcher's household were admitted to hospital as emergency case after eating sausages. The local consultant in communicable disease control was immediately asked to help investigate the cause of their food poisoning. The cases were treated for methaemoglobinaemia. Investigations revealed that the sausage meat had been prepared ...
Mines D - - 1997
Not every traveler who gets sick away from home has an infection; some are poisoned. This article describes common and dangerous illnesses caused by food-borne toxins. It explores the toxic illnesses acquired from fish or seafood, including scombroid, ciguatera, pufferfish toxicity, and a variety of shellfish poisonings. It also provides ...
Mateo R - - 1997
During November 1992 to March 1993, and November 1993 to February 1994, 106 greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber) were collected dead or moribund in the wetlands of El Fondo and Salinas de Santa Pola, eastern Spain. Birds still alive were emaciated and had a bile-stained diarrhea. On necropsy, they had liquid ...
Hsieh S F - - 1996
In 1979, an outbreak of food poisoning ("Yu-Cheng") occurred in Central Taiwan, ROC, involving more than 2000 people. The event was caused by ingestion of rice oil contaminated with polychlorinated derivatives of biphenyls, dibenzofurans, and quaterphenyls. A retrospective cohort study on mortality was undertaken, and possible long-term health effects in ...
Karras D J - - 1996
Cantharidin, known popularly as Spanish fly, has been used for millennia as a sexual stimulant. The chemical is derived from blister beetles and is notable for its vesicant properties. While most commonly available preparations of Spanish fly contain cantharidin in negligible amounts, if at all, the chemical is available illicitly ...
Buhr C A - - 1996
The synthesis, hybridization properties and antisense activities of oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) containing 7-(1-propynyl)-7-deaza-2'-deoxyguanosine (pdG) and 7-(1-propynyl)-7-deaza-2'-deoxyadenosine (pdA) are described. The suitably protected nucleosides were synthesized and incorporated into ODNs. Thermal denaturation (Tm) of these ODNs hybridized to RNA demonstrates an increased stability relative to 7-unsubstituted deazapurine and unmodified ODN controls. Antisense ...
Elliott J E - - 1996
During the winter of 1990 in the Fraser Delta of British Columbia, Canada, nine birds of prey were found with symptoms of anticholinesterase poisoning. Immediate surgical removal of crop contents of three birds decreased mortality and recovery time. Chemical analysis was conducted on crop contents, which contained mainly duck parts. ...
Wall P G - - 1996
Three main routine sources of data on food poisoning are used in England and Wales. The first is the statutory notification system, in which clinicians notify the 'proper officer' of their local authorities of cases or suspected cases of food poisoning, and the data are collated by the Office for ...
Fourie N - - 1996
Over a period of 7 years the Toxicology Diagnostic Laboratory at the Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute investigated 370 suspected incidents of poisoning of wildlife. A diagnosis was made in 166 of the outbreaks. Synthetic organic pesticides were responsible for 82.5% of the poisonings. More than 90% of the poisonings were maliciously ...
- - 1996
On April 29, 1996, three cases of tetrodotoxin poisoning occurred among chefs in California who shared contaminated fugu (puffer fish) brought from Japan by a co-worker as a prepackaged, ready-to-eat product. The quantity eaten by each person was minimal, ranging from approximately 1/4 to 1 1/2 oz. Onset of symptoms ...
Kassa J - - 1996
1. The influence of pharmacological pretreatment (pyridostigmine, benactyzine and trihexyphenidyle), designated PANPAL, on soman-induced cholinergic and stressogenic effects as well as on the efficacy of antidotal treatment (HI-6 plus obidoxime) in rats was studied. 2. PANPAL prophylaxis significantly decreased soman-induced cholinesterase inhibition in blood, brain and diaphragm as well as ...
Herzberg A J - - 1996
The objective of this study was to determine the relative sensitivity of detecting Trichomonas vaginalis in endocervical as compared to ectocervical Papanicolaou-stained smears. The average number of organisms in 10 (200x) high-power fields (hpf) per smear was used for comparing the presence of trichomonads in the two smear types. In ...
Ohazurike N C - - 1996
The effect of four fungicides on rot of cocoyam tubers, vegetative growth and extracelluar enzymes of the pathogen was investigated. At 200 ppm concentration, rot was completely prevented by Dithane M45. Benomyl and Iprodione in tubers of Xanthosoma sagittifolium. There was better protection by the fungicides for Cocoyam tubers treated ...
Werner H - - 1996
The antimicrobial susceptibility of 196 recent clinical isolates of anaerobic bacteria to ampicillin alone, ampicillin plus 1 mug/ml sulbactam, ampicillin plus 5 mug/ml sulbactam, and cefoxitin was studied by means of agar dilution tests. The ampicillin/sulbactam combination was most effective against species of the Bacteroides fragilis group, the minimum inhibitory ...
Piperno G - - 1996
Inner dynein arms, but not outer dynein arms, require the activity of KHP1(FLA10) to reach the distal part of axonemes before binding to outer doublet microtubules. We have analyzed the rescue of inner or outer dynein arms in quadriflagellate dikaryons by immunofluorescence microscopy of p28(IDA4), an inner dynein arm light ...
Lee W C - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to make a comparative epidemiological observation on outbreaks of food poisoning between Korea and Japan, during the period from 1971 to 1990. The mean morbidity rate by fiscal year from 1971 to 1990 was 3.0 per 100,000 population in Korea, and 29.2 in Japan. ...
Raats M M - - 1996
Risk perception may be influenced by a number of factors, such as unfamiliarity, lack of control, perceived consequences, and hazards being seen as catastrophic and having risk for future generations. Risk perception researchers have typically used such investigator-selected characteristics to assess hazards. In the first study reported here, the repertory ...
O'Brien B L - - 1996
Mushroom poisoning with resultant liver toxicity often occurs in experienced collectors. The increasing popularity of natural foods has lead to an increased incidence of mushroom poisoning among the general population. This report describes a grandmother with over 30 yr of self-taught expertise in selecting and preparing wild mushrooms, who prepared ...
Rye K A - - 1996
The effect of sphingomyelin (SPM) on the structure and function of discoidal and spherical reconstituted high density lipoproteins (rHDL) has been studied. Three preparations of discoidal rHDL with 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine (POPC)/SPM/unesterified cholesterol (UC)/apolipoprotein (apo)A-I molar ratios of 99.6/0. 0/10.2/1.0, 86.0/13.6/10.8/1.0, and 72.5/26.3/11.4/1.0 were prepared by cholate dialysis. SPM did not ...
Yang C C - - 1996
The Taiwan National Poison Center has received more than 30,000 telephone calls since its establishment in July 1985. OBJECTIVE: To obtain more information about poisoning exposures in Taiwan, a retrospective analysis was conducted of all telephone calls to the center concerning human poisoning exposures July 1985 through December 1993. METHODS: ...
Lin T J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Aleurites fordii, widely distributed in the Southeastern US, Taiwan, mainland China, Japan and India, is commonly known as Tung Nut, Tung Oil Tree or Chinawood Oil Tree. The seeds are the most toxic part. CASE REPORTS: We report two outbreaks of Aleurites fordii poisoning, occurring on November 27, 1992 ...
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