Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1057
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Turner Paul J PJ Section of Paediatrics (Allergy & Immunology) and MRC & Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; Division of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The incidence of anaphylaxis might be increasing. Data for fatal anaphylaxis are limited because of the rarity of this outcome. We sought to document trends in anaphylaxis admissions and fatalities by age, sex, and cause in England and Wales over a 20-year period. We extracted data from national databases that ...
Davison Jenny J Queens University - - 2014
The number of young people in Europe who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) is increasing. Given that young people from disadvantaged backgrounds tend to have diets of poor nutritional quality, this exploratory study sought to understand barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and dietary health promotion needs ...
Akhandaf Y Y a Department of Public Health , Ghent University , Ghent , - - 2014
A Total Diet Study (TDS) consists of selecting, collecting and analysing commonly consumed foods to obtain concentration data of different chemical compounds in foods as eaten. A TDS food list summarises the most consumed foods and represents the dietary habits of the general population of the country under study. The ...
Lyche Jan L JL Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology, P.O. Box 8146 Dep., N-0033 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2015
The purposes of this review are to assess the human exposure and human and experimental evidence for adverse effects of brominated flame-retardants (BFRs) with specific focus on intake from seafood. The leakage of BFRs from consumer products leads to exposure of humans from fetal life to adulthood. Fish and fish ...
Dahlquist Lynnda M LM Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Department of Human Development, Washington State University, and Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine - - 2014
OBJECTIVE : To examine autonomy-promoting parenting and independent problem-solving in children with food allergy.  METHODS : 66 children with food allergy, aged 3-6 years, and 67 age-matched healthy peers and their mothers were videotaped while completing easy and difficult puzzles. Coders recorded time to puzzle completion, children's direct and indirect requests for ...
Sun Xiaohua X College of Food Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, No. 999 Hucheng Huan Road, LinGang New City, Shanghai 201306, - - 2015
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in food products may pose health risks, and thermal processing of foods accelerates the formation of AGEs. The effects of heat treatments (65-100°C, 0-60min) on the formation of AGEs including N(ε)-carboxymethyllysine (CML) and N(ε)-carboxyethyllysine (CEL) in ground beef were investigated. The levels of CML and CEL ...
Roby Mohamed H MH Université de Lorraine, ENSAIA, Laboratoire LIBio, Nancy F-54500, France; Fayoum University, Faculty of Agriculture, Food Science and Technology Dept., 63514 Fayoum, - - 2015
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is increasingly considered for its health benefits. However, its use as functional food ingredient is still limited by its instability. In this work, we developed an efficient and solvent-free bioprocess for the synthesis of a phenolic ester of DHA. A fed-batch process catalyzed by Candida antarctica lipase ...
Poole Raewyn M RM Springer, Private Bag 65901, Mairangi Bay 0754, Auckland, New Zealand, - - 2014
Belinostat [Beleodaq(®) (US)], a small-molecule hydroxamate-type inhibitor of class I, II and IV histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes, has been developed by TopoTarget and Spectrum Pharmaceuticals for the treatment of relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). Belinostat has received its first global approval as monotherapy for this indication in the ...
Chen Gengjun G Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, 208 Call Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506, United - - 2015
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), a pathogenic factor implicated in diabetes and other chronic diseases, are produced in cooked meat products. The objective of this study was to determine the AGE content, as measured by Nε-carboxymethyllysine (CML) levels, in cooked chicken, pork, beef and fish (salmon and tilapia) prepared by three ...
Sato Kyoko K Division of Food Additives, National Institute of Health Sciences 1-18-1 Kamiyoga, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, 158-8501, - - 2014
Dietary aluminum (Al) intake by young children, children, youths, and adults in Japan was estimated using the market basket method. The Al content of food category (I-VII) samples for each age group was determined by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). The Al content in processed foods and unprocessed foods ...
Toselli Stefania S Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
The present study aimed to analyze, in Italian children and adolescents, the beliefs about which foods are fattening, the appreciation of fattening foods, and the perception of some socio-cultural attributes of them. 244 children (F: 125, M: 119, aged 8-11) and 305 adolescents (F: 153; M: 152, aged 11-14) from ...
Harb Mazen R MR Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry Munich, Germany ; Portugal and ICVS/3B's-PT Government Associate Laboratory, Institute of Life and Health Sciences (ICVS), University of Minho Braga, - - 2014
Eating behavior depends on associations between the sensory and energetic properties of foods. Healthful balance of these factors is a challenge for industrialized societies that have an abundance of food, food choices and food-related cues. Here, we were interested in whether appetitive conditioning changes as a function of age. Operant ...
Durá-Travé Teodoro T Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Navarra, Spain.. - - 2014
Objective: To make a descriptive study of milk and dairy products intake in a population of school-children and adolescents and to analyze its nutritional contribution in the diet of this population. Methods: A nutrition survey was carried out in the form of personal interview (food intake registration of 3 consecutive ...
Giles Emma L EL Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Baddiley-Clark Building, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear NE2 4AX, UK. - - 2014
While recent lifestyle studies have explored the role that food, alcohol or physical activity have on health and wellbeing, few have explored the interplay between these behaviours and the impact this has on a healthy lifestyle. Given the long term health advantages associated with leading healthier lifestyles, this study seeks ...
Bartholome Lindsay T LT Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School, F282/2A West, 2450 Riverside Avenue, Minneapolis, MN 55454, - - 2013
Research has demonstrated significant underreporting of food intake in obese individuals with and without binge eating disorder (BED). An improved understanding of the accuracy of self-reported food intake is central to diagnosis of eating disorders and monitoring response to treatment. The purpose was to: (1) confirm those with BED consume ...
Bime Christian - - 2012
Broad dietary patterns have been linked to asthma but the relative contribution of specific nutrients is unclear. Soy genistein has important anti-inflammatory and other biological effects that might be beneficial in asthma. A positive association was previously reported between soy genistein intake and lung function but not with asthma exacerbations. ...
Serra Dolors D Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Facultat de Farmàcia, Universitat de Barcelona, Institut de Biomedicina de la Universitat de Barcelona IBUB, Barcelona, - - 2013
Current lifestyles with high-energy diets and little exercise are triggering an alarming growth in obesity. Excess of adiposity is leading to severe increases in associated pathologies, such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, cancer, arthritis, asthma, and hypertension. This, together with the lack of efficient obesity drugs, is the ...
Wadikar D D - - 2012
Appetite has recently received the attention of researchers in developing countries due to the increasing prevalence of obesity. There are multiple complex mechanisms involved in food intake. The satiety level and the physiological state of a person are responsible for appetite expression. Specific manipulations of macronutrients have the potential to ...
Bales Connie W - - 2012
Our study characterizes food and energy intake responses to long-term aerobic training (AT) and resistance training (RT) during a controlled 8-month trial. In the STRRIDE-AT/RT trial, overweight/obese sedentary dyslipidemic men and women were randomized to AT (n = 39), RT (n = 38), or a combined treatment (AT/RT, n = ...
Oka Roberta K - - 2012
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is most prevalent in the elderly and associated with increased cardio vascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Treatment focuses on improving functional capacity and reducing CVD risk factors. To date, little is understood about dietary habits and weight in this patient population. Nutritional and weight recommendations ...
Speakman John R - - 2012
Work on obesity is evolving, and obesity is a consequence of our evolutionary history. In the space of 50 years, we have become an obese species. The reasons why can be addressed at a number of different levels. These include separating between whether the primary cause lies on the food ...
Qin Bo B University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, - - 2012
To examine the cross-sectional association between dietary magnesium intake and radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) among African American and white men and women. The presence of radiographic knee OA was examined among participants from the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project and was defined as a Kellgren/Lawrence grade of at least 2 in ...
Pearce Jo - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the key differences between school lunches and packed lunches as eaten in eleven secondary schools in England, 21 months after the food-based standards for school lunch became mandatory, but before the introduction of nutrient-based standards. DESIGN: Data on 358 school lunches and 139 packed lunches were collected ...
Golley R K - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:The effect of changing one aspect of diet needs to be considered within the context of total diet. The study aim was to evaluate the changes in children's overall food intake following replacement of regular-fat with reduced-fat dairy foods.SUBJECTS/METHODS:Secondary analysis of a cluster Randomized Controlled Trial where families were received ...
Scognamiglio U - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in hospitalised patients is often underestimated. The present study aimed to evaluate the validity of a questionnaire for the semi-quantitative evaluation of food intake compared to weighed records in patients who were hospitalised for the rehabilitation of neurological disorders. METHODS: Food intake at breakfast, lunch and dinner was ...
Cunningham Timothy J - - 2012
Food insecurity has detrimental effects on the mental, physical, and behavioral health of developing children. Few studies, however, have sought to determine whether associations exist between food insecurity and intake of vegetables, fresh or canned fruit, candy or cookies, French fries, fast food, water, milk, fruit juices, fruit drinks, soda, ...
Poskitt E M E - - 2012
Early diet and nutrition may set in place growth patterns and/or metabolic pathways that promote risk factors for later NCDs. Most relevant studies so far available have a cross-sectional or retrospective design and are thus of limited validity for evaluating the impact of early feeding on later disease. Standardised protocols ...
Palfreyman Zoe - - 2012
This study aimed to develop a self-report questionnaire to explore parental modelling of eating behaviours and then to use the newly developed measure to investigate associations between parental modelling with healthy and unhealthy food intake in both mothers and their children. Mothers (n = 484) with a child aged between 18 months ...
Kris-Etherton Penny M - - 2012
Because of efforts to decrease trans fatty acids (TFA) in the food supply, intake should be assessed in the population to establish a baseline TFA intake. The 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was used to identify a benchmark for TFA intake. TFA was estimated by mean, median, ...
Ni Hong-Gang - - 2012
The present study measured eight PBDE congeners' (BDE-28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154, 183, and 209) exposure via ingestion of indoor dust and soil, inhalation, and food consumption. Contributions to PBDEs exposure from different media revealed that indoor dust (dust suspended in air) was not an important exposure route for ...
Burrows T - - 2012
Assessing dietary intake is important in evaluating childhood obesity intervention effectiveness. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the dietary intake methods and reporting in intervention studies that included a dietary component to treat overweight or obese children. A systematic review of studies published in the English language, between ...
Pakseresht Mohammadreza - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of a 161-item quantitative FFQ (QFFQ) that was developed to evaluate dietary risk factors for a colorectal adenoma case-control study. DESIGN: A cross-sectional validation study of the QFFQ against 4 d food diary using Pearson correlation coefficients, cross-classification, weighted κ statistics and Bland-Altman plotting. SETTING: ...
Wirtshafter David - - 2012
Previous work has demonstrated that injections of the γ-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) agonist muscimol into the nucleus accumbens shell (AcbSh) induce pronounced increases in the intake of solid foods and sucrose solutions, but do not potentiate water intake. In order to clarify the range of situations in which inactivation of the ...
Forster Sarah E - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of a dietary intervention and micronutrient supplementation on self-reported infections in older adults. DESIGN: A randomized, placebo-controlled intervention trial. SETTING: Community living older people in South Yorkshire, United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred seventeen older adults aged 65 to 85. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to a dietary ...
Erinosho Temitope O - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether food behaviours of parents are associated with children's dietary intakes outside the child-care setting, and to compare children's dietary intakes at home with foods and beverages consumed when they are at child-care centres. DESIGN: In 2005-2006, a survey was completed by parents of at least one ...
Temple Norman J - - 2012
Buffets are the "perfect" environment for facilitating excessive energy intake. Customers at buffets often eat considerably more food than is the usual case at regular restaurants. However, extremely little research has been conducted on the relationship between buffets, energy intake, and weight gain. Research studies are therefore needed that investigate ...
Smith Claire - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Financial constraint is the underpinning determinant of household food insecurity; however, there has been little research examining the impact that increasing the 'money available' to food-insecure households could have on food purchasing. The main objective of the present study was to examine the effect of additional money (in the ...
Rodríguez-Bernal Clara L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess food and nutrient intakes and compliance with nutritional recommendations in pregnant women according to selected sociodemographic characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study based on data from the INMA-Valencia cohort (Spain), which recruited pregnant women between 2004 and 2005. Information on maternal sociodemographics and anthropometry was collected. Dietary intake was ...
Sioen Isabelle - - 2012
Numerous studies have indicated that for phthalates, the intake of contaminated foods is the most important exposure pathway for the general population. Up to now, data on dietary phthalate intake are scarce and - to the authors' knowledge - not available for the Belgian population. Therefore, the purpose of this ...
Son Min-Hui - - 2012
The dietary intake of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was estimated using the sum of 62 PCB congeners (∑(62)PCBs), including seven indicator PCBs and 12 dioxin-like PCBs, in the South Korea. In this study, 200 individual food samples belonging to 40 different foodstuffs were investigated to estimate the distribution of PCB congeners ...
Marinangeli Christopher P F - - 2012
Pulses have been identified as important components of a healthy diet. Assessment of pulse grains' nutritional composition alongside data from available preclinical and clinical trials suggests that pulses can modulate biological processes that lead to obesity. Components of pulse grains, including pulse-derived fibre and resistant starch, have been shown to ...
Kanerva Noora - - 2012
Subjects with higher preference for evening hours in daily activities (eveningness) have been repeatedly shown to practice adverse health behaviors as compared to those preferring morning hours (morningness). However, associations between chronotype and dietary intake have not been explored intensively. The authors explored whether the human chronotype is associated with ...
Young Adrienne M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Although several validated nutritional screening tools have been developed to "triage" inpatients for malnutrition diagnosis and intervention, there continues to be debate in the literature as to which tool/tools clinicians should use in practice. This study compared the accuracy of seven validated screening tools in older medical inpatients against ...
Sasaki Miki - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether angiotensinogen (AGT) gene polymorphisms are associated with food preferences in young, normal female subjects. METHODS: Fifty-two young, normal female subjects (21-22 y old) were recruited. After a 12-h fast, blood samples were obtained to examine the AGT gene polymorphisms (rs699 and rs7079), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion ...
Cogswell Mary E - - 2012
The American Heart Association (AHA), Institute of Medicine (IOM), and US Departments of Health and Human Services and Agriculture (USDA) Dietary Guidelines for Americans all recommend that Americans limit sodium intake and choose foods that contain potassium to decrease the risk of hypertension and other adverse health outcomes. We estimated ...
Chapman Colin Daniel - - 2012
Obesity is emerging as the most significant health concern of the 21st century. Although this is attributable in part to changes in our environment-including the increased prevalence of energy-dense food-it also appears that several lifestyle factors may increase our vulnerability to this calorie-rich landscape. Epidemiologic studies have begun to show ...
Gebremariam Mekdes K - - 2012
AIMS: The aim of the study is to investigate the influence of the school food environment on the dietary behaviours of 11-year-old Norwegian children in elementary schools. METHODS: Baseline data from a school-based intervention study: the Health In Adolescents study was used. A total of 1425 11-year-old children from 35 ...
Merritt Melissa A MA Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Inconsistent results for the role of dairy food intake in relation to ovarian cancer risk may reflect the potential adverse effects of lactose, which has been hypothesized to increase gonadotropin levels, and the beneficial antiproliferative effects of calcium and vitamin D. Using data from the New England case-control study (1,909 ...
Banim Paul J R PJ Department of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich, - - 2013
To investigate whether the dietary antioxidants vitamins C and E, selenium and zinc decrease the risk of developing pancreatic cancer, for the first time using 7-day food diaries, the most accurate dietary methodology in prospective work. 23,658 participants, aged 40-74 years, recruited into the EPIC-Norfolk Study completed 7-day food diaries ...
Cote-Arsenault Denise - - 2012
Background: Breastfeeding assessment in the hospital to determine adequacy of feeds remains controversial. Swallow evaluation is integral to current assessment tools, but the literature is not clear about whether the number of swallows is an accurate indicator of breast milk intake in early postpartum.Objectives: To determine the reliability and validity ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >