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Results 351 - 400 of 1049
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Hur In Young - - 2012
Although whole-grain intake has been associated with improved chronic disease risk factors and weight status in adults, similar studies are limited among adolescents. To determine the relationship among chronic disease risk factors, weight status, and whole-grain intake among adolescents (aged 12 to 19 years) by sex. Analysis of the relationship ...
Medina-Ruiz Arturo - - 2011
The atherosclerotic process begins in childhood and advances rapidly triggered by multiple genetic and environmental factors, including obesity. Obesity has reach epidemic proportions mainly by the consumption of junk food and a sedentary lifestyle. Our children spend long time inactive in front of the television and video games, further aggravated ...
Boonstra Rudy - - 2011
We review the population dynamics of red-backed voles (Myodes species) in North America, the main deciduous and coniferous forest-dwelling microtines on this continent, and compare and contrast their pattern with that of the same or similar species in Eurasia. We identify 7 long-term studies of population changes in Myodes in ...
Dailey Megan J - - 2011
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery results in sustained decreases in food intake and weight loss. A key component is likely the direct delivery of nutrients to the jejunum and resulting changes in levels of gut peptide secretion. Prior work modeling this aspect of the surgery has shown that small-volume, prolonged jejunal ...
Carmem-Costa-do-Nascimento Christiane - - 2011
The aging population is one of the main results of population demographic trends during the twentieth century and will be the hallmark of populations during this century. To assess the habitual dietary vitamin A intake and serum retinol concentration in the elderly. This is a population-based epidemiological study conducted in ...
Rodríguez-Ramírez Sonia - - 2011
In Mexico, about one third of school-age population is overweight or obese and the diet is one of the main determinants. The purpose of this study was to identify the dietary patterns of Mexican school-age children and to determine their association with the risk of overweight/obesity. This study included 8252 ...
Loy See-Ling - - 2011
Maternal nutrition has a programming effect on fetal growth. This cross-sectional study investigated the association between maternal micronutrient, fruit and vegetable intake with birth size. Nutrient and food intake were examined using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. One hundred twenty-one pregnant women at 28 to 38 weeks gestation aged ...
Hayes Matthew R - - 2011
The incretin and food intake suppressive effects of intraperitoneally administered glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) involve activation of GLP-1 receptors (GLP-1R) expressed on vagal afferent fiber terminals. Central nervous system processing of GLP-1R-driven vagal afferents results in satiation signaling and enhanced insulin secretion from pancreatic-projecting vagal efferents. As the vast majority of ...
Langeveld Mirjam - - 2011
Obesity and its associated conditions such as type 2 diabetes mellitus are major causes of morbidity and mortality. The iminosugar N-(5-adamantane-1-yl-methoxy-pentyl)-deoxynojirimycin (AMP-DNM) improves insulin sensitivity in rodent models of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. In the current study, we characterized the impact of AMP-DNM on substrate oxidation patterns, ...
Suzana S - - 2011
In Malaysia, hypertension prevalence has increased from 13% in 1996 to 43% in 2006 based on the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey. Recognising the importance of hypertension control to prevent cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, a cross-sectional study was carried out to assess factors influencing blood pressure among 74 hypertensive ...
Leal Esther - - 2011
Repetitive aquaculture-related protocols may act as cyclic stressors that induce chronic stress in cultured fish. The sea bass is particularly sensitive to stressful conditions and the mere presence of humans will disturb feeding behavior. In this paper, we study whether chronic stress induced by repetition of acute stress protocols affects ...
Passalacqua Giovanni - - 2011
Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) represents a significant advance and it seems particularly suitable in pediatric patients. There are favorable results for food allergy in controlled trials. For latex allergy, the results of several trials are encouraging. For atopic dermatitis, previous experience with subcutaneous immunotherapy and some earlier trials suggest the possible ...
Carpenter S R - - 2011
Catastrophic ecological regime shifts may be announced in advance by statistical early-warning signals such as slowing return rates from perturbation and rising variance. The theoretical background for these indicators is rich but real-world tests are rare, especially for whole ecosystems. We tested the hypothesis that these statistics would be early-warning ...
Alfano-Sobsey E - - 2011
SUMMARYDuring December 2009, over 200 individuals reported gastrointestinal symptoms after dining at a North Carolina restaurant. An outbreak investigation included a case-control study of restaurant patrons, a secondary household transmission study, environmental assessment of the restaurant facilities and operations, and laboratory analysis of stool and food samples. Illness was primarily ...
Gaur Aditya H - - 2011
HIV transmission has been associated with offering a child food prechewed by an HIV-infected caregiver. We assessed awareness of prechewing and oral prewarming of food by an adult before offering it to a child among HIV-infected pregnant women and clinical investigators in 3 Latin American countries. HIV-infected pregnant women at ...
- - 2011
During January--June 2010, a total of 14 cases of laboratory-confirmed invasive listeriosis were reported to the Louisiana Office of Public Health (OPH). Isolates of Listeria monocytogenes from the blood samples of eight patients were identified as serotype 1/2a and had pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern combinations that were indistinguishable from ...
Caubet Jean-Christoph - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Allergy to hen's egg is common in infancy and childhood. Oral food challenges are often required to diagnose egg allergy, because of the limitation in the diagnostic accuracy of skin test and specific IgE to egg white. New molecular diagnostic technologies have been recently introduced into allergological ...
Levine Arie - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Infantile feeding disorders (IFDs) are a common cause of food refusal, failure to thrive, and vomiting, but they may be difficult to diagnose. We have previously identified certain patterns of pathological feeding and behaviors as high-risk characteristics for IFDs and subsequently developed the diagnostic Wolfson criteria. Here, we evaluate ...
Du Toit George G Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, Guy's and St Thomas' National Health Service Foundation Trust, Medical Research Council, London, UK. - - 2011
Food allergy is a recognized public health concern, for which preventative strategies are required. Although an intervention that adequately protects against the development of food allergy has still to be identified, limited benefits have been shown for the prevention of related allergic conditions such as eczema, and to a lesser ...
Venter Carina C University of Portsmouth, 2 King Richard the 1(st) Road, Portsmouth, PO1 2FR, - - 2011
Food allergy (FA) is perceived as a common problem, especially during childhood. Accurate assessment of incidence and prevalence of FA has been difficult to establish, however, due to lack of universally accepted diagnostic criteria. Although many foods are reported to cause IgE-mediated FA, most studies focus on 4 common food ...
Koster Sander - - 2011
Unknown substances, not previously observed, are frequently detected in foods by quality control laboratories. In many cases, the assessment of these 'new' substances requires additional chemical analysis for their identification prior to assessing risk. This identification procedure can be time-consuming, expensive and in some instances difficult. Furthermore, in many cases, ...
Moffatt Cameron R M CR OzFoodNet, Australian Capital Territory Health Protection Service, Canberra, Australia. - - 2011
Clostridium perfringens food poisoning is a commonly cited cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks among elderly long-term care facility (LTCF) residents, yet little is known about the natural history of disease in this vulnerable group. In July 2009, an investigation into diarrheal illness among LTCF residents was commenced. An environmental health investigation ...
Feldman Charles - - 2011
Elderly populations are vulnerable and generally have the highest incidence of morbidity related to foodborne illnesses and this problem may be aggravated in institutional or communal eating settings. The objective of this investigation was to examine the potential risk of food contamination in selected skilled nursing and assisted-living residences using ...
Kossioni Anastassia - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of age-related parameters on the dietary preferences in a Greek community-dwelling sample. 130 participants aged between 18 and 92 years were interviewed and clinically examined. Data were collected on their socio-demographic characteristics, their dental status, the oral complaints, their chewing ...
Katz Yitzhak - - 2011
The prevalence and natural history for food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) have not been determined. We sought to determine the prevalence, clinical manifestations, and rate of recovery for FPIES in a large-scale, population-based prospective study. In a prospective study the feeding history of 13,019 infants was obtained. Infants with probable ...
Katz David L - - 2011
The present study directly compared prices of more and less nutritious foods within given categories in US supermarkets. Foods selected from six supermarkets in Jackson County were categorized using the five criteria of the Nutrition Detectives™ (ND) programme and an item-to-item cost comparison was made using posted prices. The nutritional ...
D'Hondt Mathieu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study evaluated long-term weight loss, resolution of comorbidities, quality of life (QoL), and food tolerance after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). METHODS: Between January 2003 and July 2008, 102 patients underwent LSG as a sole bariatric operation. A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was performed. Demographics, ...
McIntyre Lynn - - 2011
Ultra poor women in Bangladesh are especially vulnerable to poverty and food insecurity, and they have generally been excluded from recent improvements in hunger and poverty rates in the country. An examination of the food provisioning narratives of 43 ultra poor female heads of household in Bangladesh was conducted in ...
Fueki K - - 2011
Summary  The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between objective masticatory function with respect to masticatory performance and food mixing ability, patients' perception of chewing ability and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Partially dentate patients with removable partial dentures (n = 131, mean age 67·1 year) participated in the ...
Pyrhönen Kaisa - - 2011
To cite this article: Pyrhönen K, Hiltunen L, Näyhä S, Läärä E, Kaila M. Real-life epidemiology of food allergy testing in Finnish children. Pediatric Allergy Immunology 2011. ABSTRACT: Background:  The cumulative incidence of parental-reported symptoms of food allergy (FA) during the first years of life is estimated to exceed 30%. ...
Pyrhönen Kaisa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Few epidemiological studies exist on food-associated symptoms and allergies in large unselected child populations. AIMS: To describe the design, methods and participation rate of the South Karelian Allergy Research Project (SKARP), a population-based epidemiological study on food-associated symptoms and physician-diagnosed food allergies. METHODS: The study population of 5,973 children ...
Sahashi Yukari - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the validity and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for use among young Japanese children. Forty-seven mothers of children aged 6 y completed two 3-d diet records and two FFQs over a 6-mo period. The FFQ asked the mothers how ...
Santos Zirlene Adriana Dos - - 2011
Intense physical training and dietary energy restriction have been associated with consequences such as nutritional amenorrhea. We investigated the effects of intense physical training, food restriction or the combination of both strategies on estrous cyclicity in female rats, and the relationship between leptin ad these effects. Twenty-seven female Wistar rats ...
Ratnasari A - - 2011
Summary  The purpose of this study was to reveal the relationship between chewing-side preference and anterior disc displacement (ADD) of the TMJ. Thirty-two healthy subjects with ages ranging from 26 to 34 years were selected from volunteer students at the Okayama University Dental School. Subjects were asked to chew freely with ...
Nikolić Slobodan - - 2011
The retrospective autopsy study included 98 adults who died because of laryngeal choking on a bolus of food: 67 men and 31 women (χ(2 ) =( ) 6.843, p < 0.01), average age 58.61 ± 15.87 years (range 26-92 years). Most of the subjects had poor dentition (χ(2 ) =( ) 34.327, p < 0.01). Twenty individuals died in medical institutions, and ...
Ghosh Dipak - - 2011
Radioactivity is present everywhere in the environment including soil, from where it transfers to vegetation and plants. These vegetations when taken as food result in transfer of the radioactivity to human beings which may cause health hazards. Thus information about the presence of radioactivity in vegetation, plants and soil is ...
Banerji Aleena - - 2011
guidelines do not provide specific hospitalization criteria for patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with food-related allergic reactions. to determine predictors of hospital admission for ED patients with food-related allergic reactions. we performed a medical record review at 3 academic centers of patients presenting to the ED for food-related ...
Moro Moro M - - 2011
The absence of large-scale international studies means that data on anaphylaxis in emergency departments in different geographic areas are still necessary. To determine the incidence of anaphylaxis and subtypes of anaphylaxis and their distribution by age group in the emergency department of Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcon, Alcorcon (Madrid), Spain. Our ...
Rizo Pascual J M - - 2011
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is of growing interest for pediatricians and allergists. There is no general agreement about diagnostic and clinical management procedures. The objective of this prospective, observational study was to evaluate the efficacy of a protocol for the etiologic diagnosis and accurate treatment of EoE in the pediatric population. ...
Koh Seong-Joon - - 2011
In January 2008, an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis at a waterpark was reported to the Bundang-gu Public Health Center in Seongnam, Korea. To determine the etiological agent and mode of transmission, a retrospective cohort study was done using structured questionnaires and stool samples from patients who had current gastrointestinal symptoms ...
Mohamad H A HA - - 2010
Loss of appetite, decrease in food intake and changes in body composition appear to be inter-related factors that can influence the well-being of older individuals. Therefore, a study was conducted to determine the level of appetite, food intake and its relation to body composition and functional status among noninstitutionalised elderly ...
Miah Md Titu - - 2010
Feeding is a basic component of care and it is the most common and difficult management issue for stroke patients. Objective of this study was to know the practice of feeding (oral & nasogastric tube feeding), different types of food used and their caloric value in stroke patients. This direct ...
Piyaphanee Watcharapong - - 2011
Background. Travelers' diarrhea is the most common disease reported among travelers visiting developing countries, including Southeast Asia, a region visited by large numbers of backpackers each year. Currently, the knowledge of travelers' diarrhea among this group is limited. This study aimed to determine the incidence and impact of travelers' diarrhea ...
Janis C M - - 2010
It is often assumed that horses chew food more intensively during ingestion than cattle, which - as ruminants - complete part of the mastication during rumination. This has been proposed as a reason for more robust mandibles, larger masseter insertion areas and larger masseter muscles in horses as compared to ...
Ogden Jane - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinic for patients who believe they have a food intolerance that could be administered by practice nurses with minimal experience of dietary change or food intolerance. METHODS: The clinic consisted of 1 week baseline, 2 weeks healthy eating plan (HE), 2 weeks wheat and dairy free ...
Espié Emmanuelle - - 2011
We assessed the prevalence of childhood acute malnutrition and under-five mortality rate (U5MR) in Darbhanga district, India, using a two-stage 49-cluster household survey. A total of 1379 households comprising 8473 people were interviewed. During a 90-day recall period, U5MR was 0.5 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.2-1.4] per 10 000 per day. ...
Fritz Julia - - 2010
A major difference between reptile and mammalian herbivores is that the former do not masticate their food. Actually, food particle size reduction by chewing is usually considered one of the adaptations facilitating the higher metabolic rates of mammals. However, quantitative comparisons of ingesta particle size between the clades have, to ...
Zakir Hossain Md - - 2010
The relationships between jaw-closing muscle spindle unit discharge and the hardness of foods were evaluated during chewing in awake rabbits. Spindle unit discharges recorded from the left mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus were correlated with the simultaneous recording of jaw movements and electromyographic (EMG) activities of the left masseter (jaw-closing) muscle during ...
Ramzan P H L - - 2011
Although considered relatively common in horses, there is little information on the prevalence, distribution and aetiology of peripheral caries of the equine cheek teeth (CT). The objective of this study was to investigate a possible association between this lesion and diastemata or 'gaps' between the CT which facilitate the entrapment ...
Moriya S - - 2011
Summary  The escalating medical costs are a social problem in many countries. Masticatory ability is thought to be related to the general health conditions. The purpose of this study was to show relationships between self-assessed masticatory ability and medical costs among the elderly living independently in community. Data on background ...
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