Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1046
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Pezdirc Kristine B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of adherence to public health recommendations on Listeria monocytogenes food safety to limit exposure to potential food sources on micronutrient intakes of pregnant women and whether more frequent consumption of 'high-risk' foods increases risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. DESIGN: A cohort study in women assessing ...
St-Pierre Julie - - 2012
Leptin plays a central role in weight control by suppressing food intake and increasing energy expenditure. The concept of leptin resistance emerged to explain the seemingly paradoxical elevated leptin levels in obesity. Recent discoveries reveal that protein tyrosine phosphatases are key players in leptin resistance by globally suppressing leptin signaling.
Rowan Hannah - - 2012
Baby-led weaning (BLW) is a style of solid food introduction that emphasizes self-feeding rather than spoon-feeding. Thepurpose of this cross-sectional study was to determinewhether parents using BLW change their dietary intake during weaning, and if their babies are offered family foods. Participants kept diet diaries at baseline and three months ...
Pérez Adriana - - 2012
We consider a Bayesian analysis using WinBUGS to estimate the distribution of usual intake for episodically consumed foods and energy (calories). The model uses measures of nutrition and energy intakes via a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) along with repeated 24 hour recalls and adjusting covariates. In order to estimate the ...
Catanese F - - 2012
This study determined whether early experiences by sheep with monotonous or diverse diets influence intake of unfamiliar flavors and feeds later in life. Thirty 2-mo-old lambs were randomly assigned to 3 treatment diets (n = 10): diverse (DIV), diverse with plant toxins (DIV+T), and monotonous (MON). Lambs in DIV received ...
Marchiori David - - 2012
Examine the influence of altering the size of snack food (ie, small vs large cookies) on short-term energy intake. First- and sixth-graders (n = 77) participated in a between-subjects experimental design. All participants were offered the same gram weight of cookies during an afternoon tea at their school. For half ...
Murakami Michio - - 2012
The release of radioactive materials from the Fukushima nuclear power plant after the Great East Japan Earthquake on 11 March 2011 poses health risks. In this study, the intake of iodine 131 (I-131) in drinking water and foods (milk, dairy products, and vegetables) by citizens of Tokyo was estimated. The ...
Dougkas Anestis - - 2012
Dietary regulation of appetite may contribute to the prevention and management of excess body weight. The present study examined the effect of consumption of individual dairy products as snacks on appetite and subsequent ad libitum lunch energy intake. In a randomised cross-over trial, forty overweight men (age 32 (sd 9) ...
Iglesias-Gutiérrez Eduardo - - 2012
Many authors have proposed the necessity of the design and implementation of dietary and nutrition education programs for soccer players, although little information is available about the determinants of food selection and nutrient intake. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional intake and eating patterns of soccer ...
Mouratidou T - - 2012
Valid and reliable measures of energy balance-related behaviours are required when evaluating the effectiveness of public health interventions aiming at prevention of childhood obesity. A structured descriptive review was performed to appraise food intake, physical activity and sedentary behaviour assessment tools used in obesity intervention strategies targeting mainly preschool children ...
Yu Yan Han - - 2012
Low intakes of calcium and vitamin D increase the risk for osteoporosis, bone fracture, and other health problems. This study aimed to examine the calcium and vitamin D intakes of Canadian-born Chinese (CBC) and Asian-born Chinese (ABC) in Edmonton, Canada, and to identify usual food sources of these nutrients. We ...
Gibson E L - - 2012
Strategies to reduce risk of obesity by influencing preschool children's eating behaviour are reviewed. The studies are placed in the context of relevant psychological processes, including inherited and acquired preferences, and behavioural traits, such as food neophobia, 'enjoyment of food' and 'satiety responsiveness'. These are important influences on how children ...
Amini Massoud - - 2012
Dietary habits play an important role in the prevention of chronic disease; however, few studies have assessed the major dietary patterns in Middle Eastern countries. This study identifies major dietary patterns among Iranian people with abnormal glucose homeostasis. This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Diabetes Research Center, Isfahan, Iran ...
Bawadi Hiba A - - 2012
Food insecurity--not having sufficient quantities of good-quality foods--is inversely related to physical and mental health and directly related to poor dietary intake. The objectives of this research were to (a) measure the prevalence of food insecurity among women in northern Jordan, (b) study the socioeconomic factors associated with an increased ...
Garaulet M - - 2012
Emotions have a powerful effect on our choice of food and eating habits. It has been found that in some people there is relationship between eating, emotions and the increased energy intake. This relationship should be measurable to better understand how food is used to deal with certain mood states ...
Arcan Chrisa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between home environmental factors and BMI of young American-Indian children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and prospective study. SETTING: School-based obesity prevention trial (Bright Start) on a Northern Plains Indian reservation in South Dakota. Mixed model multivariable analysis was used to examine associations between child BMI categories (normal, overweight ...
Hopman Erica G D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: A food questionnaire to assess gluten intake in infants 0-12 months of age has been developed and validated (FQ-gluten), but an instrument to assess gluten intake in children 1-4 years is not available. Development and validation of such an instrument (FQ-gluten4) was the aim of this study. METHODS:: The ...
Vyncke Krishna E - - 2012
Dietary fatty acids (FA) play a role in several (patho)physiological processes at any age, and different FA have different effects on lipid status and health outcome. The present study aims to describe the FA intake and its main food sources in a population of healthy European adolescents and to assess ...
Spaeth Andrea M - - 2012
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and TrkB receptor signaling contribute to the central nervous system (CNS) control of energy balance. The role of hindbrain BDNF/TrkB receptor signaling in energy balance regulation is examined here. Hindbrain ventricular BDNF suppressed body weight through reductions in overall food intake and meal size and by ...
Banqué Marta - - 2012
Although evidence supports that colorectal cancer (CRC) has an environmental etiology, the potential influence of diet appears to be one of the most important components. We studied the relation between food groups and nutrient intake and the risk of CRC. A hospital-based case-control study was conducted in Spain between 2007 ...
Sorensen Janice - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim was to investigate food sensory quality as experienced and perceived by patients at nutritional risk within the context of establishing a framework to develop foods to develop foods to promote intake. METHODS: Patients at nutritional risk (NRS-2002; food intake ≤75% of requirements) were observed at ...
Grote Veit - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is a multifaceted public health problem, which should be addressed with an all-encompassing approach. Recent research has asked questions that link specific infant nutritional risks to childhood obesity. This article brings recent research in the area of complimentary feeding practices to light and summarizes the research ...
Crispim Sandra P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of different modes of administration (face-to-face v. telephone), recall days (first v. second), days of the week (weekday v. weekend) and interview days (1 d later v. 2 d later) on bias in protein and K intakes collected with 24 h dietary recalls (24-HDR). DESIGN: ...
Sugiyama Shinichi - - 2012
To investigate breakfast eating habits on daily energy and fish, vegetable, and fruit intake in Japanese adolescents. This study was completed as part of the Shunan Child Health Cohort Study. Two types of questionnaires, one on lifestyle habits and the other a brief-type, self-administered questionnaire on diet history, were administered ...
Allirot Xavier - - 2012
We assessed the reproducibility of intakes and meal mechanics parameters (cumulative energy intake (CEI), number of bites, bite rate, mean energy content per bite) during a buffet meal designed in a natural setting, and their sensitivity to food deprivation. Fourteen men were invited to three lunch sessions in an experimental ...
Marks Peter - - 2012
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: Most definitions of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) allow some intake of alcohol but little attention has been paid to the possible contribution of alcohol-derived calories in the overall daily intake. The aim of the present study was to determine whether, in a group of 144 patients ...
Hayes Matthew R MR Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States. - - 2012
The glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) system is physiologically involved in the control of energy balance and blood glucose homeostasis. Thus, GLP-1-based pharmaceuticals are emerging as a potent treatment for not only type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but potentially for obesity as well. Despite the plethora of investigations over the last two ...
Rosanoff Andrea - - 2012
In comparison with calcium, magnesium is an "orphan nutrient" that has been studied considerably less heavily. Low magnesium intakes and blood levels have been associated with type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, elevated C-reactive protein, hypertension, atherosclerotic vascular disease, sudden cardiac death, osteoporosis, migraine headache, asthma, and colon cancer. Almost half ...
Fearnley Deborah - - 2012
The Vendée Globe is a solo round-the-world sailing race without stopovers or assistance; a physically demanding challenge where appropriate nutrition should maintain energy balance and ensure optimum performance. This is an account of pre-race nutritional preparation with a professional and experienced female racer and assessment of daily nutritional intake (NI) ...
Jarjou L M A LM MRC Keneba, Fajara, The Gambia. - - 2012
There is a paucity of information from developing countries on total calcium intake during infancy, and potential consequences for growth and bone development. Observational longitudinal study of rural Gambian infants (13 males and 17 females) at 3 and 12 months of age. Breast-milk intake and calcium concentration, weighed dietary intake, ...
Rickard Bradley J - - 2012
Many commentators have speculated that agricultural policies have contributed to increased obesity rates in the United States, yet such claims are often made without any analysis of the complex links between real-world farm commodity support programs, prices and consumption of foods, and caloric intake. This article carefully studies the effects ...
Yahashi Satowa - - 2012
Ghrelin was first identified and characterized from rat stomach as an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue (GHS) receptor (GHS-R). Ghrelin also acts as an orexigenic factor and regulates energy balance in rodents. In goldfish, native ghrelin consists of 11 molecular variants, the major form being a 17-residue peptide ...
Townsend Kristy L - - 2012
Body weight is regulated by coordinating energy intake and energy expenditure. Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)/bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling has been shown to regulate energy balance in lower organisms, but whether a similar pathway exists in mammals is unknown. We have previously demonstrated that BMP7 can regulate brown adipogenesis ...
Cohen D A DA RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California 90407, USA. - - 2012
Away-from-home foods are regulated with respect to the prevention of food-borne diseases and potential contaminants, but not for their contribution to dietary-related chronic diseases. Away-from-home foods have more calories, salt, sugar and fat, and include fewer fruits and vegetables than recommended by national nutrition guidelines. Thus, frequent consumption of away-from-home ...
Terada Chisato - - 2012
Previous studies on patterns in ungulate size variations have emphasized the effect of a particular environmental factor such as Bergmann's rule and the island rule. However, although multiple environmental factors may influence the body size, these studies focused on a single factor, and various measurements that may be influenced by ...
- - 2012
Excess dietary sodium is a major contributor to hypertension (high blood pressure) and a critical public health issue in the United States. Nearly one in three U.S. adults, or 68 million persons, has hypertension, and half of those do not have their condition under control. Hypertension is a major contributor ...
Bevelander Kirsten E - - 2012
This experimental study investigated whether children's food intake is influenced by a peer's intake directly and over time and whether this depends upon weight status. The study consisted of two sessions taking place at Dutch primary schools. During the first (social modeling) session, the participants (N=223) were asked to solve ...
Larsen Junilla K - - 2012
The present study experimentally tested whether the effect of olfactory food-cue exposure on young women's food intake was moderated by the duration of the cue exposure and trait impulsivity. The study employed a 2 (food-cue exposure: smell of baked cookies present vs. no-smell present) by 2 (duration of cue exposure: ...
Cui Huxing H Department of Internal Medicine (Division of Hypothalamic Research), University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390-9127, United - - 2012
It is now widely recognized that exposure to palatable foods engages reward circuits that promote over-eating and facilitate the development of obesity. While the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) has previously been shown to regulate food intake and energy expenditure, little is known about its role in food reward. We demonstrate ...
Morrison Christopher D - - 2012
Free-living organisms must procure adequate nutrition by negotiating an environment in which both the quality and quantity of food vary markedly. Recent decades have seen marked progress in our understanding of neural regulation of feeding behavior. However, this progress has occurred largely in the context of energy intake, despite the ...
Alkerwi Ala'a - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to determine the proportion of adults meeting national recommendations for food and nutrient intake and to identify the demographic, socio-economic and behavioural factors that may contribute to weaken dietary compliance. ORISCAV-LUX is a cross-sectional study that took place in Luxembourg (2007-8). A representative ...
Doell D - - 2012
The dietary intake of industrially-produced trans fatty acids (IP-TFA) was estimated for the US population (aged 2 years or more), children (aged 2-5 years) and teenage boys (aged 13-18 years) using the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) food consumption database, market share information and trans fat levels ...
Rahkovsky Ilya - - 2012
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) cost Americans billions of dollars per year. High cholesterol levels, which are closely related to dietary habits, are a major contributor to CVD. In this article, we study whether changes in food prices are related to cholesterol levels and whether taxes or subsidies on particular foods would ...
Davison Karen M - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the relation between nutrient intake and psychiatric functioning in adults with confirmed mood disorders. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted of the intake of major (that is, carbohydrates, fat, and protein) and minor (that is, vitamins and minerals) nutrients (from 3-day food records and a Food Frequency ...
Blix Arnoldus Schytte - - 2012
A total of four barren adult female muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) were used over a period of 2 years for the purpose of the present study. During the first year, the natural changes in appetite (ad libitum intake of standard pelleted reindeer feed) and body mass were determined in two of ...
Clark Julia - - 2012
Associations have been reported between suboptimal maternal vitamin E intake during pregnancy and childhood asthma. This pilot study conducted in 2008/2009 investigated the feasibility and acceptability of a food-based randomized controlled trial in pregnant women to optimize dietary vitamin E intake to 15 mg/day. A food-based intervention using "food exchanges" ...
Darzi J - - 2012
Background:There is evidence linking oral propionate to a reduction in food intake, which could confer functional food properties in the fight against obesity. However, propionate is typically volatile with a pungent smell and taste and so incorporating into foods naturally, at levels acceptable to the consumer is a novel approach.Subjects/methods:Twenty ...
Alvarez Covadonga - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the systemic exposure of lercanidipine (Zanidip) after oral administration in the fasted state and 15 min before food intake (meals) to investigate if the recommendations in the Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) with respect to the intake of meals are adequate. METHODS: ...
Murphy Mary M - - 2012
Individuals consuming diets dense in fruits and vegetables consume an array of phytonutrients as well as recognized nutritional components, including vitamins, minerals, and fiber. There is a growing body of evidence that phytonutrients may play positive roles in health. The purpose of this research was to estimate usual intakes of ...
Mathias Kevin C KC Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University, Philadelphia 19140, - - 2012
Serving larger portions of energy-dense foods has been shown to promote children's energy intake at meals. Whether larger portions increase children's intake of both fruits and vegetables (F&V) is less clear. A 2×2 within-subjects design systematically varied portion sizes of fruit (75 vs 150 g) and vegetable (75 vs 150 ...
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