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Valliant Melinda W - - 2012
Eleven female participants from a NCAA Division I volleyball team were evaluated for adequate energy and macronutrient intake during two off-seasons. Total energy and macronutrient intake were assessed by food records and results were compared against estimated needs using the Nelson equation. Dietary intervention was employed regarding the individual dietary ...
Qin Yu - - 2012
A cross-sectional survey of 2819 adults aged 20 years and above was undertaken in 2002 in Jiangsu Province. Zinc intake was assessed using a consecutive 3-day 24-h dietary recall method. Insufficient and excess intake was determined according to the Chinese Dietary Recommended Intakes. Four distinct dietary patterns were identified namely ...
Pretorius Sandra - - 2012
To describe dietary habits and potential nutritional deficiencies in black African patients diagnosed with heart failure (HF). Dietary intake in 50 consecutively consenting HF patients (mean age: 47 ± 18 years, 54% female) attending a major hospital in Soweto, South Africa were surveyed using validated quantitative food frequency questionnaires. Food ...
Longacre Meghan R MR Community Health Research Program, Hood Center for Children and Families, Department of Pediatrics, The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, HB 7465, One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon NH 03756-0001, USA. - - 2012
Little is known about the influence of in-town fast-food availability on family-level fast-food intake in nonmetropolitan areas. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether the presence of chain fast-food outlets was associated with fast-food intake among adolescents and parents, and to assess whether this relationship was moderated ...
Scelza Brooke A BA Department of Anthropology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2012
To determine whether food scarcity or economic constraint is more strongly associated with purchasing patterns in a rural Aboriginal community. Store receipts were collected to determine money spent in the community shop across a four-month period from January to April 2006. Variability in expenditures is then studied using measures of ...
Nederkoorn Chantal C Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. - - 2012
Poor response inhibition has been associated with obesity, excessive food intake, and other consumptive behaviours, including alcohol use. However, the correlation between obesity and addictive behaviours like alcoholism is low: people who are obese appear to have a specific problem in restraining food intake. This would imply that obese people ...
Montoya A - - 2012
The effect of intracoelomic tagging of an acoustic telemetry transmitter (1.65% ratio of tag mass in the air to fish mass in the air) on behavioral (food intake and locomotor activity) and physiological (blood glucose and plasma cortisol) parameters of gilthead seabream was investigated. To this end, fish (289 ± 53 g, mean ± SD) ...
Sivaramakrishnan Malathi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Breakfast has been linked to several aspects of health, yet breakfast skipping is rampant across the globe. Studies in India have focused mostly on children. Hence the present study examined breakfast behaviour across different age and gender groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional sample, purposive sampling. Nutrient intakes of the participants derived ...
Fraser L K - - 2012
The obesogenic environment model would suggest that increased availability or access to energy dense foods which are high in saturated fat may be related to obesity. The association between food outlet location, deprivation, weight status and ethnicity was analysed using individual level data on a sample of 1198 pregnant women ...
Zhang Yuqing Y Boston University, Boston University School of Medicine, 715 Albany Street, A203, Boston, Massachusetts, MA 02118, USA. - - 2012
To examine and quantify the relation between purine intake and the risk of recurrent gout attacks among gout patients. The authors conducted a case-crossover study to examine associations of a set of putative risk factors with recurrent gout attacks. Individuals with gout were prospectively recruited and followed online for 1 ...
Päßler Sebastian - - 2012
Obesity and nutrition-related diseases are currently growing challenges for medicine. A precise and timesaving method for food intake monitoring is needed. For this purpose, an approach based on the classification of sounds produced during food intake is presented. Sounds are recorded non-invasively by miniature microphones in the outer ear canal. ...
Baranowski T - - 2012
Baranowski T., Islam N., Douglass D., Dadabhoy H., Beltran A., Baranowski J., Thompson D., Cullen K.W. & Subar A.F. (2012) Food Intake Recording Software System, version 4 (FIRSSt4): a self-completed 24-h dietary recall for children. J Hum Nutr Diet. ABSTRACT: The Food Intake Recording Software System, version 4 (firsst4), is ...
Vandevijvere S - - 2012
Accurate food and nutrient intake assessment is essential for investigating diet-disease relationships. In the present study, food and nutrient intake assessment among European adolescents using 24 h recalls (mean of two recalls) and a FFQ (separately and the combination of both) were evaluated using concentration biomarkers. Biomarkers included were vitamin C, ...
Strasser Florian - - 2012
Ghrelin as a human natural hormone is involved in fundamental regulatory processes of eating and energy balance. Ghrelin signals the nutrient availability from the gastrointestinal tract to the central nervous system, up-regulates food intake and lowers energy expenditure mainly through hypothalamic mediators acting both centrally and peripheral including the gastrointestinal ...
Mesas Arthur Eumann - - 2012
This study examined the association of obesity-related eating behaviors (OREB) with physical activity, sedentariness, and diet quality. Data were taken from a cross-sectional study in 10,791 persons representative of the Spanish population who were ≥18 y of age in 2008-2010. The following self-reported information was collected on 12 OREB: not ...
Chungchunlam Sylvia M S - - 2012
Differences in the time interval between preload and test meal may account for the variation in the satiating effects of whey protein found in previous preload studies. The objective was to compare the satiating effects (ad libitum meal intake at a set time after ingestion of preload) of whey protein ...
Crowe F L FL Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2012
Evidence from prospective studies is consistent in showing an inverse association between dietary fibre intake and risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD), but whether dietary fibre from various food sources differ in their effect on IHD risk is less clear. The objective of this study was to assess the associations ...
Konuma Takahiro - - 2012
Adipokinetic hormone (AKH) is a peptide hormone that regulates the nutritional state in insects by supporting the mobilization of lipids. In the present study, we manipulated AKH signaling to evaluate how metabolic state regulates feeding in an orthopteran insect, the two-spotted cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus. This was accomplished by RNA interference ...
Mulvaney-Day Norah E - - 2012
Understanding the relationship between obesity and fast food consumption encompasses a broad range of individual level and environmental factors. One theoretical approach, the health capability framework, focuses on the complex set of conditions allowing individuals to be healthy. This qualitative study aimed to identify factors that influence individual level health ...
Wroten Kathryn C - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between intake of snacks, sweets, fruit, vegetables, and energy in low-income mother-child dyads. This was a secondary analysis of data collected from Head Start centers in Houston, Texas and Birmingham, Alabama. 24-hour dietary recalls for one weekend day were collected ...
Berthoud Hans-Rudolf HR Neurobiology of Nutrition Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA. - - 2012
Increased availability of tasty, energy-dense foods has been blamed as a major factor in the alarmingly high prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and metabolic disease, even in young age. A heated debate has started as to whether some of these foods should be considered addictive, similar to drugs and alcohol. One ...
Hendrie Gilly A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Strategies are needed to address the shortfall in children's dairy food and Ca intakes. The present review identified interventions targeting an increase in children's dairy food or Ca intakes, and determined characteristics associated with successful intervention. DESIGN: A systematic literature search identified fourteen intervention studies, published in English, between ...
Pettersson Stefan - - 2012
Weight reduction in athletes is motivated by optimisation of performance, aesthetic reasons or to achieve a pre-designated weight. Previous research has shown that dietary restraint and short term weight regulation frequently takes place among combat sports athletes such as wrestlers and judokas. The aim of this study was to explore ...
Baird Danielle L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Dairy food consumption is important for Australian children as it contributes key nutrients such as protein and Ca. The aim of the present paper is to describe dietary intake from dairy foods for Australian children aged 2-16 years in 2007. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a quota-sampled survey using population-weighted, ...
Lipsky L M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine associations of food preferences and availability with dietary intake in youth with type 1 diabetes, for whom dietary intake and quality are essential to disease management. Youth (n=252, age 13.2±2.8 y, diabetes duration 6.3±3.4 y) reported preferences and parents reported household availability ...
Patterson Ashley C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Canadian dietary sources of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) include marine and non-marine whole foods, functional foods, and nutraceuticals. OBJECTIVE/DESIGN: In the present study, these sources were incorporated into a nutrient-specific, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and the ability to measure the EPA and DHA intakes of ...
Patel Sumaiya - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To produce study-specific portion sizes for 11-year-old children in a population-based birth cohort and to compare these study-specific portion sizes with previously published children's portion sizes, to assess their relevance today. DESIGN: Two multiple-pass 24 h dietary recalls were taken. The Food Standard Agency's photographic food atlas was used ...
Mesas A E - - 2012
Knowledge of the socio-demographic distribution of eating behaviours can aid our understanding of their contribution to the obesity epidemic and help to address healthy eating interventions to those who can benefit most. This cross-sectional study assessed the frequency of self-reported eating behaviours among 11,603 individuals representative of the non-institutionalized Spanish ...
González-Weller Dailos - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyse nickel content in foods and beverages most commonly consumed by the Canary Island people to determine the dietary intake of this metal throughout the Canary Islands as a whole and in each of the seven islands. A total of 440 samples were ...
Allen Patricia J - - 2012
The rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity is a priority for investigators from across numerous disciplines, including biology, nutritional science, and public health and policy. In this paper, we systematically examine the premise that common dietary obesity is an addictive disorder, based on the criteria for addiction described in ...
Aeberli Isabelle - - 2012
PURPOSE: Hypoxia has been shown to reduce energy intake and lead to weight loss, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The aim was therefore to assess changes in eating after rapid ascent to 4,559 m and to investigate to what extent hypoxia, acute mountain sickness (AMS), food preferences and satiation hormones ...
Chen Li - - 2012
Phthalates have been used worldwide and are ubiquitous in environmental media and human bodies. Based on existing data on phthalate concentrations, distributions of phthalates in the environment and their exposure assessment to non-occupational populations in China can be evaluated. Fifty-three studies, published from January 2000 to October 2010, were reviewed ...
Hermans Roel C J - - 2012
Numerous studies have shown that people adjust their intake directly to that of their eating companions. A potential explanation for this modelling effect is that the eating behaviour of others operates as an external eating cue that stimulates food intake. The present study explored whether this cue-reactive mechanism can account ...
Deziel Nicole C - - 2012
Inconsistent risk estimates for dietary heterocyclic amine (HCA) exposure and cancers may be due to differences in exposure assessment methods and the associated measurement error. We evaluated repeatability and comparability of intake estimates of the HCA 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5b]pyridine (PhIP) among two food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) collections, three diary collections, and three ...
Patel Pinal S PS MRC Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, - - 2012
Epidemiologic evidence of an association between fish intake and type 2 diabetes (T2D) is inconsistent and unresolved. The objective was to examine the association between total and type of fish intake and T2D in 8 European countries. This was a case-cohort study, nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer ...
Rittmueller S E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess dietary adequacy and quality among Inuvialuit smokers compared with non-smokers in the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire was administered between July 2007 and July 2008 to individuals of randomly selected households in three NWT communities to capture ...
Soriguer F - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To date no nation-wide study has yet been undertaken in Spain to estimate the iodine deficiency. The aim was to evaluate iodine intake and its conditioning factors in a representative sample of the whole adult population. METHODS: The Di@bet.es Study is a national, cross-sectional, population-based survey conducted ...
Scharmüller Wilfried - - 2012
Obese individuals react to cues of high caloric food with enhanced craving and brain reward system activation. In the present study, we analyzed neural correlates of craving regulation and expected a regulatory deficit in obesity. We conducted an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging study, where 12 obese women and 14 ...
Janzen W J - - 2012
It is well known that after a stressor, levels of plasma cortisol rise, inducing physiological changes within the animal that are directed toward maintaining homeostasis. Less well understood is the role of cortisol in regulating food intake in teleosts. This study investigated the effect of cortisol on food intake and ...
Tomiyama A Janet - - 2012
Both animals and humans show a tendency toward eating more "comfort food" (high fat, sweet food) after acute stress. Such stress eating may be contributing to the obesity epidemic, and it is important to understand the underlying psychobiological mechanisms. Prior investigations have studied what makes individuals eat more after stress; ...
Taber Daniel R - - 2012
To determine whether nutrient intake is healthier among high school students in California, which regulates the nutrition content of competitive foods sold in high schools, than among students in states with no such standards. Cross-sectional study. California and 14 states without high school competitive food nutrition standards in the 2009-2010 ...
Novais Patrícia Fátima Sousa - - 2012
Restricted food intake after bariatric surgery can be an important factor both in the long-term control of body weight and in the onset of nutritional deficiencies. The objective of this study was to assess the adequacy of food intake in women two or more years after bariatric surgery according to ...
Lipsky Leah M - - 2012
To examine associations of television viewing with eating behaviors in a representative sample of US adolescents. Cross-sectional survey. Public and private schools in the United States during the 2009-2010 school year. A total of 12 642 students in grades 5 to 10 (mean [SD] age, 13.4 [0.09] years; 86.5% participation). Main Exposures  ...
Jesus P - - 2012
Introduction: Limousin in France has the second oldest regional population in Europe, with people over 65-years-old who have Alzheimer's disease accounting for more than 9%. In France as a whole, a large number of residents in nursing homes (NH) have dementia, leading to many nutritional problems. LINUT is a health ...
Visinoni Sherley - - 2012
Liver fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) is a regulatory enzyme in gluconeogenesis that is elevated by obesity and dietary fat intake. Whether FBPase functions only to regulate glucose or has other metabolic consequences is not clear; therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the importance of liver FBPase in body weight ...
Heer Martina - - 2012
Nutrients affect hunger and satiety. However, food structure, in particular that of emulsions, may also affect the body's satiety mechanisms. Olibra™ is a fat emulsion, a mixture of fractionated palm oil and fractionated oat oil manufactured by Lipid Technologies Provider AB, Sweden, which affects hunger sensation. However, up to now, ...
Grosshans Martin M Department of Addictive Behavior and Addiction Medicine, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, J5/68159 Mannheim, - - 2012
Overlapping neurobiological pathways between obesity and addiction disorders are currently in discussion. Whereas the hypothalamic regulation of energy homeostasis by endocrine feedback signals has been widely investigated, its interplay with mesolimbic reward-associated pathways represents a rich field of future research. To assess changes in regional brain activation in response to ...
Barnhart Kirstin F - - 2012
Several lines of evidence indicate that the effects of adipotide on weight loss and food consumption in obese monkeys are not due to a toxic effect, but rather result from the targeting mechanism of adipotide.
Jati Ignasius Radix Ap - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The present research aimed to analyse the nutrient density (ND), nutrient adequacy score (NAS) and energy density (ED) of Indonesian foods and to formulate a balanced diet using linear programming. DESIGN: Data on typical Indonesian diets were obtained from the Indonesian Socio-Economic Survey 2008. ND was investigated for 122 ...
Bailey Regan Lucas - - 2012
More than half of US adults use dietary supplements. Some reports suggest that supplement users have higher vitamin intakes from foods than nonusers, but this observation has not been examined using nationally representative survey data. The purpose of this analysis was to examine vitamin intakes from foods by supplement use ...
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