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Gewa Constance A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in energy intake along with markers of dietary quality (animal-source energy and protein intakes) among household members in the presence of supplementary school feeding in rural Kenya. DESIGN: A 2-year, longitudinal, randomized controlled feeding intervention study. SETTING: Kyeni South Division, Embu District, Kenya. SUBJECTS: A total ...
Córdoba Caro Luis Gonzalo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To quantify dietary intake of secondary education students in Badajoz, Spain, evaluating food frequency use in teenagers of both sexes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample consisted of 1197 secondary education students (49.9% male and 50.1% female). After giving informed consent, they completed a self-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) ...
Dutia Roxanne R Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 630 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, - - 2012
Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) is posttranslationally processed to several peptides including α-MSH, a primary regulator of energy balance that inhibits food intake and stimulates energy expenditure. However, another POMC-derived peptide, β-endorphin (β-EP), has been shown to stimulate food intake. In this study we examined the effects of intracerebroventricular (icv) β-EP on food ...
Phan Kongkea - - 2012
In the present study, we investigated the potential arsenic exposure of Cambodian residents from their daily food consumption. Environmental and ecological samples such as paddy soils, paddy rice (unhusked), staple rice (uncooked and cooked), fish and vegetables were collected from Kandal, Kratie and Kampong Cham provinces in the Mekong River ...
Karjalainen Anna K - - 2012
Food is contaminated by polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PCDD/F), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDE) worldwide. Previous data show elevated intakes in children. We determined intakes of POPs in Finnish children. Because no children-specific safe limit values exist, we used tolerable daily intakes (TDIs) set for adults by international ...
Cheng Guo - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative validity of a 3 d estimated food record (EFR) used to assess energy and nutrient intakes in toddlers, using a 3 d weighed food record (WDR) as the reference method. DESIGN: Parents reported the food and beverage intakes of their children using an EFR concurrently ...
Yu Ying-Xin - - 2012
A total of 175 samples of 18 types of food were collected from markets in Shanghai, China, and the concentrations and bioaccessibility of 15 priority-controlled polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in these samples were determined. The mean concentrations of PAHs varied between 2.4 and 47.1 ng g(-1) wet weight, with the highest being ...
Papathakis Peggy C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of fortification by comparing food records and selected biochemical indicators of nutritional status pre- and post-fortification. DESIGN: Mean intake from 24 h recalls (n 142) was compared with the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) to determine the proportion with inadequate intake. In a subsample (n 34), ...
Mogg Karin - - 2012
The aim of the study was to examine the effect of manipulating the brain dopamine system, using a D3 receptor antagonist, on approach responses to food cues in overweight and obese individuals. Twenty-six healthy overweight and obese participants were randomly assigned to receive either a single dose of dopamine D3 ...
Hill Kathleen M - - 2012
This study aimed to determine dietary vitamin D intake of U.S. Americans and Canadians and contributions of food sources to total vitamin D intake. Total of 7- or 14-d food intake data were analyzed for vitamin D by a proprietary nutrient assessment methodology that utilized food intake data from the ...
Odegaard Andrew O AO Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, 55454, USA. - - 2012
Western-style fast food contributes to a dietary pattern portending poor cardiometabolic health in the United States. With globalization, this way of eating is becoming more common in developing and recently developed populations. We examined the association of Western-style fast food intake with risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus and ...
Kagawa Ryosuke - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of masticatory ability and dental status with intake of fruits and vegetables after adjusting for other factors in independently living elderly Japanese subjects. Materials and Methods: The study population consisted of 1,535 community-dwelling, independent elderly subjects over the age ...
Bernier Nicholas J - - 2012
Appetite suppression is a common response to hypoxia in fish that confers significant energy savings. Yet little is known about the endocrine signals involved in the regulation of food intake during chronic hypoxia. Thus, we assessed the impact of chronic hypoxia on food intake, the expression of the potent anorexigenic ...
Haverkort Elizabeth B - - 2012
Esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction results in a variety of postoperative nutrition-related complaints that can impair nutritional intake and nutritional status. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent patients reached the recommended intake of various nutrients at 6 and 12 months after esophagectomy. It was also ...
Gjengedal Harald - - 2012
Purpose: This study compared the dietary intake of edentulous subjects dissatisfied with their existing mandibular complete dentures following two different prosthodontic management interventions. Materials and Methods: A convenience sample of 60 subjects was randomly allocated into two equal treatment modalities: relined conventional denture (RCD) or converted implant-retained overdenture (IOD). Two-year ...
Zainal Badari Shamsul A - - 2012
Food variety scores (FVS) and dietary diversity scores (DDS) were estimated based on foods consumed weekly by 285 Malaysian households using a food frequency questionnaire. The scoring system of FVS and DDS was based on a scale of 0-7 and 0-6 respectively. The mean household FVS and DDS was 164.1 ...
Elmore Monica Renee Pittman - - 2012
This study assessed the motivation of gestating sows housed in standard, barren gestation stalls (used for breeding/implantation and/or gestation) for access to environmental enrichment. Enrichment consisted of a cotton rope or rubber mat in comparison to positive (additional food when fed at commercial levels) and negative (empty trough) controls. Although ...
Wu Sheng Hui - - 2012
Soy and some of its constituents, such as isoflavones, have been shown to affect the inflammatory process in animal studies. The association between soy food intake and inflammatory markers has not been evaluated adequately in humans. Our aim was to evaluate whether higher intake of soy foods was inversely associated ...
Verbeek E E Department of Biological Sciences, University of Waikato, Hillcrest Road, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand. - - 2012
Low food availability often coincides with pregnancy in grazing animals. This study investigated how chronic reductions in food intake affected feeding motivation, and metabolic and endocrine parameters in pregnant sheep, which might be indicative of compromised welfare. Ewes with an initial Body Condition Score of 2.7±0.3 (BCS; 0 indicates emaciation ...
Schellekens Harriët H Food for Health Ireland, University College Cork, Cork, - - 2012
The neuronal circuitry underlying the complex relationship between stress, mood and food intake are slowly being unravelled and several studies suggest a key role herein for the peripherally derived hormone, ghrelin. Evidence is accumulating linking obesity as an environmental risk factor to psychiatric disorders such as stress, anxiety and depression. ...
Ranawana Viren - - 2012
PURPOSE: Polydextrose is a low-calorie highly branched-chain glucose polymer that is poorly digested in the upper gastrointestinal tract and therefore demonstrates fibre-like properties. Fibre has been shown to increase satiety and possibly reduce food intake. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to examine the effects of polydextrose on ...
McCrory Megan A - - 2012
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in US adults is currently 68%, compared with about 47% in the early 1970's. Many dietary factors have been proposed to contribute to the US obesity epidemic, including the percentage of energy intake from fat, carbohydrate and protein; glycemic index; fruit and vegetable intake; ...
Even Patrick C - - 2012
In this article, we review some fundamentals of indirect calorimetry in mice and rats, and open the discussion on several debated aspects of the configuration and tuning of indirect calorimeters. On the particularly contested issue of adjustment of energy expenditure values for body size and body composition, we discuss several ...
Borgen I - - 2012
Background/Objectives:Dietary factors have been hypothesized to influence the risk of preeclampsia. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal intake of sugar and foods with a high content of added or natural sugars and preeclampsia.Subjects/Methods:A prospective study of 32 933 nulliparous women in the Norwegian Mother and ...
Kaneko Kentaro - - 2012
SCOPE: We found that rubiscolin-6, a δ opioid agonist peptide derived from d-ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco), a major protein of green leaves, stimulates food intake after oral administration in mice. We therefore investigated its mechanism. METHODS AND RESULTS: Orexigenic activity after oral administration of rubiscolin-6 was blocked by central administration of ...
Hussain S S SS Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College London, London, - - 2013
Our understanding of the regulation of appetite has improved considerably over the last few decades. Recent work, stimulated by efforts aimed at curbing the current obesity epidemic, has unravelled some of the complex pathways regulating energy homeostasis. Key factors to this progress have been the discovery of leptin and the ...
Karlsson Camilla - - 2012
RATIONALE: The hypothalamic neuropeptide melanin-concentrating hormone and its MCH1 receptor have been implicated in regulation of feeding and energy homeostasis, as well as modulation of reward-related behaviors. Here, we examined whether the MCH system plays a role both in caloric and motivational aspects of sugar intake. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ...
Niknam Mahdieh - - 2012
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) have recently received great attention in the field of diet-disease relations. Limited data are available linking SSBs intake to the risk of stroke. This study was conducted to examine the association between habitual intake of SSBs and risk of stroke among Iranian population. This hospital-based case-control study ...
Drewnowski Adam A Center for Public Health Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 9819, USA. - - 2012
We examined whether physical proximity to supermarkets or supermarket price was more strongly associated with obesity risk. The Seattle Obesity Study (SOS) collected and geocoded data on home addresses and food shopping destinations for a representative sample of adult residents of King County, Washington. Supermarkets were stratified into 3 price ...
Iannotti Lora L - - 2012
Limited empirical evidence exists for how economic conditions affect micronutrient nutrition. We hypothesized that increasing poverty and rising food prices would reduce consumption of high-quality "luxury" foods, leading to an increased probability of inadequacy for several nutrients. The 2006 Guatemala National Living Conditions Survey was analyzed. First, energy and nutrient ...
Troesch Barbara - - 2012
Vitamins play a crucial role in health, but modern lifestyles may lead to suboptimal intakes even in affluent countries. The aim of the present study is to review vitamin intakes in Germany, the UK, The Netherlands and the USA and to compare them with respective national recommendations. Data on adults ...
Tak Nannah I - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined associations of several home and neighbourhood environmental variables with fruit consumption and explored whether these associations were mediated by variables derived from the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and by habit strength. DESIGN: Data of the Dutch GLOBE study on household and neighbourhood environment, fruit ...
Larson Nicole - - 2012
Few young adults meet national recommendations to consume at least 2 c fruit and 2 to 3 c vegetables daily. Effective strategies and messaging are needed to address this disparity, but research examining influences on fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake during young adulthood has been limited and primarily cross-sectional. This ...
Ortega Joaquin - - 2012
Background/Aims : The goal of this study was to analyze the likelihood of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) to recover a normal daily food intake, and the possible influence of dietary and exercise habits on long-term weight loss. Methods: The sample included 107 morbidly obese postoperative patients with at ...
Kanoski Scott E - - 2012
Leptin receptor (LepRb) signaling in the hindbrain is required for energy balance control. Yet the specific hindbrain neurons and the behavioral processes mediating energy balance control by hindbrain leptin signaling are unknown. Studies here employ genetic [adeno-associated virally mediated RNA interference (AAV-RNAi)] and pharmacological methodologies to specify the neurons and ...
Ooi Cara L - - 2012
Increased food intake is a major contributor to the obesity epidemic in all age groups. Elucidating brain systems that drive overeating and that might serve as targets for novel prevention and treatment interventions is thus a high priority for obesity research. The authors consider 2 major pathways by which decreased ...
Appleton K M - - 2012
The present study investigated the value of two repeated exposure interventions for increasing intakes of fruit in older people. A total of ninety-five participants (aged 65 years and over) were randomised to receive either one (E1), five (E5) or five plus (E5+) exposures to fruit over a 5-week period. Fruit ...
Ren Hongxia H Berrie Diabetes Center, Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2012
Hypothalamic neurons expressing Agouti-related peptide (AgRP) are critical for initiating food intake, but druggable biochemical pathways that control this response remain elusive. Thus, genetic ablation of insulin or leptin signaling in AgRP neurons is predicted to reduce satiety but fails to do so. FoxO1 is a shared mediator of both ...
Heerspink Hiddo Lambers - - 2012
Current treatment of kidney disease is not completely satisfactory, particularly when initiated in the late stages of renal progression. There is an urgent need for additional interventions, especially reduction of salt intake, which is rather high in the Western world. In this commentary we provide a critical assessment of post ...
Chen Mei-Lien - - 2012
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) may contaminate food through bioconcentration and biomagnification. PBDEs often exist in the food chain and are consumed by humans. This study aims to determine the concentrations of PBDEs in food intake and to estimate the daily exposure of Taiwanese citizens to PBDEs. One hundred and eight ...
Boulos Rebecca - - 2012
BOULOS, R., E. KUROSS VIKRE, S. OPPENHEIMER, H. CHANG, R. KANAREK. ObesiTV: How television is influencing the obesity epidemic. PHYSIOL BEHAV. Obesity is a major public health concern in the United States. Over the last several decades, the prevalence of obesity among both adults and children has grown at an ...
Stark K D - - 2012
Guidelines and recommendations for the dietary intake of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are topics of debate. Recently, EPA and DHA intakes have been demonstrated to be associated with dietary protein intakes and not dietary fat intakes that are distinct from α-linolenic acid. We presently confirm these observations ...
Michaelides Michael - - 2012
Abstract Obesity and binge-eating disorder (BED) frequently arise in adolescence, which is a critical developmental time period where self-regulatory processes are formed. Indeed, both obesity and BED are thought to arise partly due to deficits in self-regulatory processes (i.e. lack of inhibitory control to overeat or binge). Recent neuroimaging studies ...
Alcântara Neto Osvaldo Dário de - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the factors associated with dyslipidemia in children and adolescents enrolled in the public school system of the city of Salvador, Bahia. METHODS: All participants were submitted to anthropometric evaluation and to cholesterol and triglyceride blood tests. Data related to food intake, physical activity and family socioeconomic and ...
Nijs Ilse M T - - 2012
The incentive sensitization model of obesity hypothesizes that obese individuals in the western world have acquired an enhanced attention bias to food cues, because of the overwhelming exposure to food. This article gives an overview of recent studies regarding attention to food and obesity. In general, an interesting approach-avoidance pattern ...
Bueno Milena Baptista - - 2012
To investigate added sugar intake, main dietary sources and factors associated with excessive intake of added sugar. A population-based household survey was carried out in São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil. Cluster sampling was performed and the study sample comprised 689 adults and 622 elderly individuals. Dietary intake was ...
Hingle Melanie - - 2012
This article assesses the role played by media in contributing to the current epidemic of childhood obesity. Electronic media use, often referred to as screen time, is significantly correlated with child adiposity. Although the causal mechanism that accounts for this relationship is unclear, it is well established that reducing screen ...
Carnell Susan - - 2012
Abstract We live in a world replete with opportunities to overeat highly calorific, palatable foods - yet not everyone becomes obese. Why? We propose that individuals show differences in appetitive traits (e.g. food cue responsiveness, satiety sensitivity) that manifest early in life and predict their eating behaviours and weight trajectories. ...
Hinnig Patrícia de Fragas Pde - - 2012
To describe the most representative food items regarding the total intake of energy, carbohydrates, proteins and lipids in children with ages between 7 and 10 years. A list was prepared with all food intake and quantities, and the diet composition in relation to energy and macronutrients was calculated. The list ...
Cecil Joanne - - 2012
Abstract The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing in many countries and confers risks for early type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. In the presence of potent 'obesogenic' environments not all children become obese, indicating the presence of susceptibility and resistance. Taking an energy balance approach, susceptibility could ...
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