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StelmaƄska Ewa E - - 2014
Progesterone-treated females eat more food, but the mechanism underlying this effect is not well understood. The aim of the study was to analyse the effect of progesterone on neuropeptide genes expression in rat hypothalamus. Experiments were carried out on female and male Wistar rats. Animals were treated with progesterone (100 ...
Kim T-H - - 2013
Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory gynaecological disease. Problems associated with endometriosis include dysmenorrhoea, dyspareunia and infertility. We evaluated the omega-3 and fatty acid profiles in erythrocytes and tissues in patients with endometriosis (n = 10) or a functional ovarian cyst (n = 12), using a food frequency questionnaire that included ...
Yuan Wei - - 2013
Diet nutrient is considered as an important regulatory factor for reproduction of insects. To understand the effect of different food sources on the reproductive physiology of Apolygus lucorum (Meyer-Dür), the ovarian development in adult females was investigated when they were fed on green beans (Gb), combination of green beans Phaseolus ...
Wendt Anna - - 2013
Obesity is increasing worldwide and is associated with increased risk of developing metabolic diseases. One of the factors that have been demonstrated to influence the regulation of appetite and food intake is the different sex hormones, one of these being progesterone that in humans increase food intake (Hirschberg, 2012). In ...
Ereno R L - - 2012
The number of follicles in ovaries from cows is highly variable and has a high repeatability in females during the follicular waves. There is evidence that dietary restriction during pregnancy has a deleterious effect on fetal ovary reserve (Mossa et al. 2009). The anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is a member of ...
Hunt Jizette V JV Gastroenterology Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL 36088, United - - 2012
Intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of the synthetic agonist of the glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor exenatide reduces food intake. Here, we evaluated possible peripheral pathways for this reduction. Exenatide (0.5 μg/kg, i.p.) was given to three, overnight food-deprived, groups of rats: total subdiaphragmatic vagotomy (VGX, severs the vagus nerve), celiaco-mesenteric ganglionectomy ...
Cai Kezhou - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Wood vinegar (WV), a byproduct from the charcoal production process, has been reported to have excellent antioxidant capability by chemical examination. However, the biological effect of WV in living animals is still unknown. In this study, a simple model organism, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, was used as an in ...
Kanoski Scott E SE Department of Psychology, School of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA. - - 2011
The long-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists, exendin-4 and liraglutide, suppress food intake and body weight. The mediating site(s) of action for the anorectic effects produced by peripheral administration of these GLP-1R agonists are not known. Experiments addressed whether food intake suppression after i.p. delivery of exendin-4 and liraglutide is ...
Finley John W - - 2011
Antioxidant foods and ingredients are an important component of the food industry. In the past, antioxidants were used primarily to control oxidation and retard spoilage, but today many are used because of putative health benefits. However, the traditional message that oxidative stress, which involves the production of reactive oxygen species ...
Lu Chensheng - - 2010
The data presented here are a response to calls for more direct measurements of pesticide residues in foods consumed by children and provide an opportunity to compare direct measures of pesticide residues in foods representing actual consumption with those reported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pesticide Data Program. We ...
Roepcke Clarisse B S - - 2010
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is responsible for the hydrolysis of acetylcholine in the nervous system. It is inhibited by organophosphate and carbamate pesticides. However, this enzyme is only slightly inhibited by organophosphorothionates, which makes the detection of these pesticides analytically very difficult. A new enzymatic method for the activation and detection of ...
Goto Tomomi - - 2010
One of the major roles of public health agencies is to ensure safe products for consumers through analysis of residual agricultural chemicals and veterinary drugs in foods. The use of agricultural chemicals and veterinary drugs in agriculture is necessary to improve the quality of the food produced. They play a ...
Sharma Dipakshi - - 2010
Use of pesticides has turned out to be an obligatory input to agriculture and public health. Versatile use of pesticides had resulted in contamination of all basic necessities of life, i.e. air, water and food. Among various pesticides, organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs), derivative of phosphoric acid, are the most extensively used ...
Seenivasan Subbiah - - 2011
Tea is considered as a 'health beverage' due its antioxidant properties and resultant beneficial effects on human health. Such a beverage should be free from toxic elements such as pesticide residues and heavy metals. A large scale survey of teas produced in the tea factories of south India had been ...
Tajik H - - 2010
There are many concerns about safety of food contaminated with antibacterial residues. This study was designed to investigate the occurrence of chloramphenicol (CAP) residue in broiler chickens tissues, namely liver, kidney and muscle. One hundred and sixty broiler chickens carcasses were collected from three provinces of Iran. Four Plate Test ...
Zarn Jürg A - - 2010
Based on 289 public pesticide evaluations, geometric means of subchronic/chronic No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) ratios of 2.6, 2.5 and 1.6 in mice, rats and dogs were calculated. The 75th percentiles are 5.5, 5.1 and 3.2. Higher ratios correlate with increased dose spacing in chronic studies and may be ...
Riederer Anne M AM Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2011
Characterizing dietary consumption patterns is critical to dietary pesticide exposure assessment. We compared consumption patterns between adults (age 18-60) in the Metro Atlanta Cohort (MAC), a longitudinal study of pesticide exposure among Atlanta residents, and US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) adults. We focused on foods commonly eaten ...
Al-Mazeedi Hani M - - 2010
This study surveyed tetracycline residues in foods marketed in Kuwait using various techniques to determine their prevalence above the threshold level. A total of 1517 locally produced and imported food samples of animal origin were collected for analyses, comprising dairy products, eggs and tissue samples (meat, poultry and fish) to ...
Lehotay Steven J - - 2010
Three different calibration approaches were applied in HPLC/MS/MS using electrospray ionization for the determination of 14 diverse pesticide residues at different levels in a variety of food matrixes. This study was conducted as part of a 4 day training course for 17 chemists to learn the "quick, easy, cheap, effective, ...
Mariscal-Arcas M - - 2010
Exposure of pregnant women to organochlorine (OC) pesticides largely derives from contaminated food, but environmental, occupational, and domestic factors have also been implicated. We investigated the presence of nine OC residues in the umbilical cord blood of newborns in Southern Spain and analyzed the relationship of this exposure with maternal ...
Makabe Yuhki - - 2010
A simultaneous method using iontrap gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was developed for the determination of pesticide residues in four processed foods (frozen Chinese dumpling, eel kabayaki, corned beef and retort curry). Pesticide residues were extracted from samples with ethyl acetate-cyclohexane (1:1) in the presence of anhydrous sodium sulfate. The extract ...
Riederer Anne M - - 2010
Four pyrethroid (permethrin, cyfluthrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin) and 3 organophosphorus (chlorpyrifos, diazinon, malathion) pesticides were measured in 4 days of 24 h duplicate diet samples collected from 12 Atlanta adults over two cycles (2005-2006). Samples were composited into 9 categories, by food type, to evaluate their contribution to daily intakes. The ...
Aoki Yoichi - - 2010
An analytical method using HPLC with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FL) has been developed and applied for the survey of residue levels of ethoxyquin in a variety of food products of animal origin. HPLC was performed using a silica octadecylsilane column, butylhydroxytoluene-acetonitrile-water (0.05 + 800 + 200, v/v/v) mobile phase, and detection ...
Sharma Heera - - 2010
Elevated environmental exposure to pesticides has been implicated as a contributing factor in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), a progressive movement disorder resulted from degeneration of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic (DA) pathway. Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) including dieldrin and lindane remain ubiquitous in the environment and food supply due to their ...
Melnyk Lisa Jo - - 2011
Children's unstructured eating habits and activities may lead to excess dietary exposures not traditionally measured by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Influence of these activities on transfer of pesticides from treated Formica to foods was studied. The objective was to perform simulation experiments using four foods (bread, apple slices, bologna, ...
van Klaveren Jacob D - - 2009
This introduction to the journal's supplement on probabilistic risk assessment of single and multiple exposure to pesticide residues or contaminants summarizes the objectives and results of the work performed in work package 3 of the EU-funded project SAFE FOODS. Within this work package, we developed an electronic platform of food ...
Keikotlhaile B M - - 2010
Pesticides are widely used in food production to increase food security despite the fact that they can have negative health effects on consumers. Pesticide residues have been found in various fruits and vegetables; both raw and processed. One of the most common routes of pesticide exposure in consumers is via ...
Kennedy Marc C - - 2010
Human exposure to a specific pesticide or other chemical can occur from a combination of food and drink products. Probabilistic risk assessments are used to quantify the distribution of mean total daily exposures in the population, from the available data on residues and consumptions. We present a new statistical method ...
Kitagawa Yoko - - 2009
A rapid and simple multiresidue method has been established for determination of pesticide residues in processed foods by GC/MS/MS. The pesticides were extracted with ethyl acetate, and were cleaned up with a double-layered SPE cartridge column (graphite carbon black/PSA silica gel). Recovery tests of 258 pesticides from five kinds of ...
Kobayash Maki - - 2009
A survey of pesticide residues in 600 imported fruit products on the Tokyo market from April 1994 to March 2006 was carried out. Thirty kinds of pesticides, including organophosphorus, organochlorine, carbamate, and pyrethroid, were detected between levels of Tr (below 0.01 ppm) to 0.37 ppm from 75 samples. Residual pesticides ...
Kitagawa Yoko - - 2009
A rapid and simple multiresidue method has been established for determination of pesticide residues in processed foods by GC/MS. The pesticides were extracted with ethyl acetate in the presence of anhydrous MgSO(4) in a disposable tube, using a homogenizer. The extract was concentrated and reconstituted in hexane, followed by acetonitrile-hexane ...
Reffstrup Trine Klein - - 2010
The risk assessment of pesticide residues in food is based on toxicological evaluation of the single compounds and no internationally accepted procedure exists for evaluation of cumulative exposure to multiple residues of pesticides in crops, except for a few groups of pesticides sharing a group ADI. However, several attempts have ...
Riederer Anne M AM Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2010
Characterizing food consumption patterns among children is critical to dietary pesticide exposure assessment. We have used public release data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the longitudinal Children's Pesticide Exposure Study (CPES) to illustrate the magnitude of potential error introduced by using national-scale, cross-sectional data ...
Juraske Ronnie - - 2009
Food consumption represents the dominant exposure pathway of the general public to pesticides. In this paper, we characterize the lifelong cumulative human health damage from ingestion of pesticides contained in fruits and vegetables in Switzerland and the United States. We evaluated pesticide residues in 62,151 food samples. Chemical specific concentrations ...
Orozco Fadya A - - 2009
The WHO has advocated monitoring adherence to the Food and Agriculture Organization's Code of Conduct to reduce use of highly hazardous pesticides in lower and middle income countries. We re-framed Code articles in terms of farmers' rights and drew on survey data, farmer focus group results, and direct observations of ...
Jensen B H - - 2009
Organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides are acetylcholinesterase-inhibiting pesticides and as such have a common mode of action. We assessed the cumulative acute exposure of the population of Denmark to 25 organophosphorus and carbamate pesticide residues from the consumption of fruit, vegetables and cereals. The probabilistic approach was used in the assessments. ...
Pastor-Navarro Nuria - - 2009
The state of the art of immunoanalysis for the determination of tetracycline and sulfonamide residues in food products is reviewed. Special attention is paid to the design and synthesis of haptens, providing an overview of the efforts spent on developing antibiotic screening methods to determine residue levels in agreement with ...
Ca??ada-Ca??ada F - - 2009
The use of antibiotics in food-producing animals has generated considerable interest because the widespread administration of these drugs may lead to the development of resistant human pathogens. A large increase in the demand for seafood products has occurred in the last century. This has led to a concomitant increase in ...
Marazuela M D - - 2009
The determination of trace residues and contaminants in food has been of growing concern over the past few years. Residual antibacterials in food constitute a risk to human health, especially because they can contribute to the transmission of antibiotic-resistant pathogenic bacteria through the food chain. Therefore, to ensure food safety ...
Chen Chen - - 2009
The present study investigates the occurrence of acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-inhibiting organophosphorus (OP) pesticide residues in milled rice samples obtained form local markets in China during the period 2004-2006 and estimates their cumulative exposure. Concentrations of OP pesticides were determined by gas chromatography with flame photometric detection (GC-FPD). The results showed that ...
Boon Polly E - - 2009
Probabilistic dietary acute exposure assessments of captan and tolylfluanid were performed for the populations of the Czech Republic, Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands and Sweden. The basis for these assessments was national databases for food consumption and pesticide concentration data harmonised at the level of raw agricultural commodity. Data were obtained ...
Saimandir Jayakrishnan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Thiacloprid [(Z)-3-(6-chloro-3-pyridylmethyl)-1,3-thiazolidin-2-ylidenecyanamide; Calypso] is a systemic insecticide having persistence in the plant system. It was chosen for the management of the eggplant shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. Management of this insect pest is difficult because it harbours inside the shoot and fruit portions of eggplant. The persistence ...
Girotti Stefano - - 2009
The presence of pesticide residues in fresh vegetables and fruit have been qualitatively and quantitatively determined at the laboratories of the Regional Agency for Environmental Protection (ARPA), Division of the Province of Bologna. More than 1,700 samples have been tested by routine analyses. The possible risks for consumers have been ...
Maqueda Celia - - 2008
Metribuzin is an herbicide widely used for weed control that has been identified as a groundwater pollutant. It contaminates the environment even when it is used according to the manufacturer's instructions. To reduce herbicide leaching and increase weed control, new controlled release formulations were developed by entrapping metribuzin within a ...
Seenivasan Subbiah - - 2009
Field experiments were conducted at two places in Tamil Nadu (India) during dry season of 2006 to determine the residues of lambda-cyhalothrin in fresh green tea leaves and black tea. Residues were quantified at different harvest intervals of '0' (3h), 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 10th and 14th day after insecticide ...
Kalyoncu Leyla - - 2009
The levels of organochlorine pesticides were measured in 18 fish species from Konya markets, Turkey. These species were selected on the basis of their importance to local human fish consumption. The extracted residues were analyzed on a micro capillary gas chromatograph equipped with an electron capture detector. Total 14 different ...
Katz J M - - 2009
Estimates of daily dietary human exposure to 18 common pesticides found in fruits and vegetables were developed from residue data obtained from the 2003 US Food and Drug Administration's Regulatory Monitoring Program using probabilistic dietary exposure modeling. The differences between the exposures from domestic versus imported fruit and vegetable residues ...
Zamir R - - 2009
The present study is aimed to assess persistent organic halogenated pollutants in humans living in Bangladesh. The results are compared to other similar studies in the region and globally. Human blood plasma were collected from groups of men and women with different occupations, i.e. being students, garment industry workers, employees ...
Buisson Sophie - - 2008
Over the last decade, oysters in the Bay of Veys (Northwest France) have sporadically experienced significant summer mortality events which appear to be due to a combination of extrinsic and intrinsic factors. In the present work, the involvement of pesticides (as additional stressors) was investigated using both artificial exposure and ...
Beyer Angelika - - 2008
Determination of residual amounts of pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in food samples requires the use of specific techniques regarding sample preparation as well as instrumental analysis which should be characterized by a very low detection limit. A problem associated with the use of pesticides and PCBs is the need ...
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