Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 672
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Juan-García Ana - - 2005
This review addresses recent advances in the analysis of organic contaminants, such as antibiotics, pesticides, biological toxins, and food-borne pathogens, in foods by capillary electrophoresis (CE). Special attention is paid to those aspects that increase sensitivity and/or selectivity, such as sample extraction and concentration, on-line preconcentration techniques (stacking), affinity capillaries ...
Borgå Katrine - - 2005
Stereoisomers of chiral chlorinated pesticides (alpha-HCH (HCH = hexachlorocyclohexane), trans- and cis-chlordane, MC5, o,p'-DDT) were quantified in arctic marine invertebrates (ice-associated amphipods Gammarus wilkitzkii, pelagic copepods Calanus hyperboreus, krill Thysanoessa inermis, and amphipods Themisto libellula, and benthic amphipods Paramphithoe hystrix). Enantiomer fractions (EFs) were calculated to investigate the influence of ...
Blasco Cristina - - 2005
The occurrence of 4 pesticide residues, imidacloprid, carbendazim, methiocarb, and hexythiazox, was assessed in several fruits (oranges, tangerines, watermelons, and date plums) from the Valencian Community (Spain). A total of 227 samples--56 oranges, 134 tangerines, 13 watermelons, and 24 date plums--were taken from an agricultural cooperative representative of the area ...
Li Y F - - 2005
Historical global usage and emissions for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), including hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), toxaphene and endosulfan, are presented. Relationships between the air concentrations of these OCPs and their global emissions are also discussed. Differences between the pathways of alpha- and beta-HCH to the Arctic Ocean are described in the ...
Ndengerio-Ndossi Judicate P - - 2005
This study investigated the presence of pesticide residues in table-ready foods in Tanzania. One-hundred-and-eighty nine samples of 11 widely used foods at table ready stage were analysed using US FDA multi-residue methods. Pesticide residues were detected in 29% of all samples analysed. The spread of contamination in individual foods was: ...
Simó Carolina - - 2005
This work provides an updated overview (including works published till June 2004) on the principal applications of capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS) together with their main advantages and drawbacks in food science. Thus, analysis of amino acids, peptides, proteins, carbohydrates, or polyphenols by CE-MS in different foods is reviewed. Also, other ...
Jung Yunjung - - 2005
Novel periplasmic anionic cyclic glucans produced by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris were isolated by trichloroacetic acid treatment and various chromatographic techniques. No report has been made on the presence of substituted cyclic glucans of the Xanthomonas species. We show, for the first time, that X. campestris pv. campestris produces the ...
Li Ching-Chia - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of urine specific gravity (SG) and radiographic contrast medium on the efficiency of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) fragmentation using a previously published in vitro model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Artificial kidney stones (BegoStone [BEGO USA, Smithfield, RI]) of a standard size (10 x 10 mm) and ...
Awawdeh A Mufeed - - 2005
The spectrophotometric properties of porphyrins are altered upon interaction with chlorophenols and other organochlorine pollutants. Meso-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (TPPS), zinc meso-tetra(4-sulfonato phenyl)porphyrin (Zn-TPPS), monosulfonate-tetraphenylporphyrin (TPPS1), meso-tri(4-sulfonatophenyl)mono(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (C1TPP), meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (C4TPP), and copper meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (Cu-C4TPP) in solution exhibit a broad absorbance in the range 400-450 nm Soret region. The interaction of the above mentioned ...
Lu C - - 2005
This study was designed to determine whether dialkylphosphates (DAPs) are present in fresh fruit juices, as a result of organophosphorus (OP) pesticides degradation. Fresh conventional and organic fruit (apple and orange) juices were purchased from local grocery stores. DAPs were found in both conventional and organic juices, and the original ...
Ricci F - - 2005
Being one of the most commonly used electrochemical mediators for analytical applications, Prussian Blue has found a wide use in the biosensor field during the last years. Its particular characteristic of catalysing hydrogen peroxide reduction has been applied in the construction of a large number of oxidase enzyme-based biosensors for ...
Chimenos J M - - 2005
An optimization of the air pollution control (APC) residue washing process was carried out to minimize the release of chloride and heavy metals. Taking into account economic parameters such as the consumption of water and reaction time, the best relation found was a S/L ratio of 1/3 during 1 h. ...
Waycott Michelle - - 2005
Seagrasses in the Great Barrier Reef region, particularly in coastal habitats, act as a buffer between catchment inputs and reef communities and are important habitat for fisheries and a food source for dugong and green turtle. Within the Great Barrier Reef region there are four different seagrass habitat types now ...
Soderberg David - - 2005
One new topic needs to be added to this refereeship this year. This topic is Multiresidue Methods for Pesticides in Foods by GC/MS and LC/MS/MS. Last year the Synthetic Pyrethroids method was declared Final Action with comments. The comments were "Change applicability statement to: This method is applicable for the ...
Santacruz Germán - - 2005
Degradation of two chlorinated pesticides (2,4-D and DDT) using a 54-mL glass column packed with tezontle (a low-cost basaltic scoria) was tested. Bacteria were cultured in YPG (yeast, peptone, and glucose) liquid medium at 32 degrees C. The rich medium was pumped during 24 h through the column to inoculate ...
Berenzen Norbert - - 2005
This study aims to assess the runoff-related pesticide contamination, among other environmental factors, that contributes to differentiation in the macroinvertebrate communities inhabiting six streams in northern Germany (Braunschweig, Lower Saxony). A total of 91 macroinvertebrate taxa were sampled three times (April, May and June 2000) during the main period of ...
Mendes Carlos A C - - 2005
Three members of the same family ingested vegetables treated with aldicarb. All three developed signs and symptoms of acetylcholinesterase inhibition and all recovered a few hours after the ingestion. Reports of toxicity from the ingestion of aldicarb-contaminated food are uncommon. Aldicarb is a potent pesticide which can only be used ...
Bocquené Gilles - - 2005
In January and February 2002, the presence of certain agricultural pesticides throughout the coastline of the Caribbean island of Martinique was investigated. The tropical climate of the French West Indies is suitable for banana production, which requires intensive use of pesticides. An inventory of all pesticides used on the island ...
Comoglio L - - 2005
Sublethal effects of foodborne exposure to methyl parathion (0.62 and 1.31 microg methyl parathion*g(-1) dry weight of food) on juveniles of Litopenaeus vannamei using integrated biochemical (acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and ATPases) and physiological (feeding rate (FR), egestion rate (ER), and hepatosomatic index (HI)) biomarkers were evaluated. The HI was significantly higher ...
Le Tuan Xuan - - 2004
In recent years, antibiotics have been used widely in intensive shrimp culture and this may lead to their contamination of the environment. Surveys on residues of trimethoprim (TMP), sulfamethoxazole (SMX), norfloxacin (NFXC) and oxolinic acid (OXLA) in water and mud in shrimp ponds in mangrove areas were conducted in the ...
Nigg H N - - 2004
We needed a technique to compare the consumption of baits by individual Carribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew). By improving consumption and determining individual dose, we could lower pesticide concentration while retaining bait/pesticide efficacy and potentially reduce the environmental impact of fruit fly bait/pesticide eradication methods. We report here a ...
Vyas Nimish B - - 2004
Canada goose goslings were exposed to turf sprayed with DZN diazinon 50W application (2.24 kg a.i./ha). The control plot was subjected to a water application. One foot from each bird was placed outdoors for 7 d to decompose and the other foot was kept frozen. Diazinon residues were analyzed on ...
Caldas E D - - 2004
Dithiocarbamates are a non-systemic group of pesticides widely used to protect crops from fungal diseases. The current methodology used by monitoring laboratories to determine dithiocarbamates in food involves the analysis of CS(2) generated after hydrolysis of the compound present in the sample. This method does not identify the origin of ...
Battu R S - - 2004
An analysis of 92 samples of liquid milk from Ludhiana, India, during 1999-2001 revealed the presence of DDT in 6 (7.4%) samples and of these 2 samples were found to exceed the maximum residue limit (MRL) of DDT fixed at 0.05 mg kg(-1) (on a whole milk basis). HCH residues ...
Caldas E D - - 2004
The objective was to conduct a dietary risk assessment of pesticides registered in Brazil up to 14 January 2004. The theoretical maximum daily intake (TMDI) was calculated for 275 compounds using the Brazilian maximum residue limits (MRL) and food consumption. The chronic dietary risk assessment was conducted by comparing the ...
Carlson Daniel L - - 2004
Twenty pesticides and related analytes were measured in 28-day integrated precipitation samples from five U.S. sites in the Integrated Atmospheric Deposition Network (IADN) between 1997 and 2002. Consistent, significant decreases in concentration as a function of time were observed only for p,p'-DDE and p,p'-DDD, while increases in beta-HCH were observed ...
Saieva Calogero - - 2004
The determination of pesticide metabolites in human biological fluids represents an important biomarker of exposure in the general population and exposed workers. In the frame of a prospective study, we measured the 24-h urinary excretion of 10 pesticide metabolites to evaluate non-occupational exposure to pesticides in the general population in ...
Low Felicia - - 2004
Pesticide residues in various foods were assessed for the relative risk to the consumer. The analysis took into account criteria such as a pesticide's toxicity, usage, frequency of occurrence in foods, frequency of Maximum Residue Level (MRL) exceedances, and the overall risks of specific pesticide/food combinations. Examination of the top ...
Harris C A - - 2004
A chronic consumer risk assessment based on a worst-case scenario, conducted as part of the European Union review leading to Annex I inclusion for glyphosate, was evaluated and refined. An extensive database of information on the effects of processing on the levels of glyphosate residues in food is available. This ...
Hyne Ross V - - 2004
The rate of release of three performance reference compounds (PRCs) from passive samplers when deployed in rivers with variable flow and temperature were compared with their release from passive samplers in a laboratory continuous-flow system. The passive samplers used in the current study were constructed from low-density polyethylene bags containing ...
Kirrane Ellen F - - 2004
Pesticide exposure among farmers' wives is poorly characterized. Using questionnaire data from a cohort study of licensed pesticide applicators and their spouses, we investigated patterns of pesticide use among farmers' wives (n = 31,173). Wives reported a wide range of pesticide use: 36% never used pesticides during their lifetimes, whereas ...
Naithani Vijay - - 2004
Herbal preparations are gaining popularity worldwide because of their history of use and the belief that they are free of harmful side effects. Among the most popular products are herbal teas, which are marketed extensively with emphasis on their medicinal properties. At the same time, the World Health Organization has ...
Hoh Eunha - - 2004
A previous study from our laboratory suggested that the Gulf of Mexico might be a potential source of toxaphene to the United States. To investigate this hypothesis, we measured gas-phase toxaphene concentrations at sampling sites ranging from northern Michigan to southern Louisiana; the samples were collected every 12 days during ...
Chiuchiolo Amy L - - 2004
Various organochlorine pesticides and brominated diphenyl ethers (BDE-47, -99, and -100) were measured in sea ice algae, water column plankton, and juvenile and adult krill collected in the Palmer Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) region west of the Antarctic Peninsula during late austral winter and midsummer, 2001-2002. BDEs were 100-1000 times ...
Thiere Geraldine - - 2004
A field study at the Lourens River, South Africa, was undertaken during the pesticide application period between November 2001 and January 2002 in order to investigate the potential relation of agricultural pollution to the aquatic macroinvertebrate fauna. The upper regions of the Lourens River were free of contamination (LR1), whereas ...
Fogg Paul - - 2004
Biobeds provide a potential solution to pesticide contamination of surface waters arising from the farmyard. Previous work has shown that biobeds can effectively treat spills and splashes of pesticide. This study investigated the potential for biobeds to treat much larger volumes and amounts of pesticide waste not only arising from ...
Kaufmann A - - 2004
A number of antibacterial drugs (antibiotics) like sulfonamides, tetracyclines and streptomycin are used for the treatment of bacterial diseases in beehives. Yet, the finding of sulfanilamide residues in some 15 Swiss honeys out of some 350 samples could not be explained by such apicultural practice. Bees occasionally collect nectar from ...
Dong Y H - - 2004
The levels of organochlorine compounds in eggs of water birds from the colony on Tai Lake in China were studied. The eggs were collected in 2000 and belonged to the following species: 65 samples of black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), 36 samples of little egret (Egretta garzetta), 26 samples of ...
Rawn D F K - - 2004
Infants and young children consume fruit juices and drinks at rates exceeding those of older children and adults. Carbamate pesticides are known to be used on a broad spectrum of crops, including orchard and vine crops such as apples and grapes. Concern over potential exposure to these acutely toxic pesticides ...
Korpimäki Teemu - - 2004
Sulfa antibiotics (sulfonamides) are used in veterinary and human medicine for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. Veterinary use can result in foodstuffs derived from animals being contaminated with residual sulfonamides. Current sulfonamide-screening methods (mainly based on bacterial growth inhibition) are slow and inaccurate, since sensitivities of bacteria to different sulfonamides vary ...
Gupta P K - - 2004
Use of pesticides in India began in 1948 when DDT was imported for malaria control and BHC for locust control. India started pesticide production with manufacturing plant for DDT and benzene hexachloride (BHC) (HCH) in the year 1952. In 1958, India was producing over 5000 metric tonnes of pesticides. Currently, ...
Reynolds S L - - 2004
Trends in the usage pattern of chlormequat (a plant growth regulator) on cereal crops in the UK over the past 6 years are presented. The figures have been supplemented by monitoring of chlormequat residues in food commodities through the UK surveillance programme, and for cereals, the carry-through into a number ...
Henriksen Kim - - 2004
Autosomal dominant osteopetrosis II (ADOII) is a relatively benign disorder caused by a missense mutation in the ClCN7 gene. In this study, we characterize the osteoclasts from patients with ADOII, caused by a G215R mutation, and investigate the effect on osteoclast function in vitro. Osteoclasts from ADOII patients and healthy ...
Waysbort D - - 2004
Contrary to commonly used pesticides, the rate of volatilization of extremely toxic chemicals such as the nerve agent O-ethyl S-2-(N,N-diisopropylamino)ethyl methylphosphonothiolate (VX) cannot be readily obtained under environmental conditions due to its high mammalian toxicity that would require extraordinary precautions. An alternative is a laboratory setup that would be used ...
Hamilton Denis - - 2004
Consumer risk assessment is a crucial step in the regulatory approval of pesticide use on food crops. Recently, an additional hurdle has been added to the formal consumer risk assessment process with the introduction of short-term intake or exposure assessment and a comparable short-term toxicity reference, the acute reference dose. ...
Rawn D F - - 2004
The Canadian Total Diet Study is a national survey to determine the level of chemical contaminants in the Canadian food supply. Food samples were collected from Whitehorse, Yukon, supermarkets as part of the study in 1998. Whitehorse was chosen as a sampling centre, despite its small population (n = 19,000), ...
Satyanarayan Shanta - - 2004
Bioaccumulation kinetics and bioconcentration factor (BCF) of chlorinated pesticides like Aldrin, Dieldrin, Benzene hexachloride (BHC), and Dichlorodiphenyl-dichloro-ethane (DDT) in fish tissues of Puntius ticto was studied in detail in a continuous fed system. The bioconcentration process is summarized by using a first order uptake model and the steady-state BCF is ...
Pesando Danielle - - 2004
We have studied the effects of methoxychlor (MXC), dieldrin, and lindane on fertilization and early development of sea urchin egg. These organochlorine pesticides have often been found in polluted ground and water near agricultural sites, and have therefore been detected from time to time in the food chain and in ...
Falcón M - - 2004
Organochlorinated insecticides are ubiquitous toxicants that are transplacentally transferred from mother to fetus and are reported to produce adverse health effects in pregnant woman and neonates. To investigate hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) exposure in pregnant woman, a total of 102 placentas were analyzed by a gas chromatograph equipped with ...
Xu Diandou - - 2004
The regional distribution of 10 potentially harmful organochlorinated pesticides (OCPs) was investigated in pine needles from 18 sites in six Chinese regions. The OCPs concentrations in six regions were as follows: sigmaHCH (sigmaHCH=alpha-+beta-+gamma-+delta-HCH), 4.7-51.5 ng/g; sigmaDDT (p,p'-DDT+p,p'-DDE+p,p'-DDD), 0.9-30.9 ng/g; hexachlorobenzene (HCB), 1.1-5.3 ng/g; sigmachlordane (cis-chlordane+trans-chlordane), no detected-4.3 ng/g, on dry ...
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