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Panuwet Parinya - - 2008
Our research goal was to assess exposure to currently used pesticides among small-scale male farmers residing in two topographically different areas in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand. Farmers (N=136) were recruited from Pong Yaeng subdistrict (N=67) and Inthakhin subdistrict (N=69). Each farmer provided a morning urine void for the analysis of ...
Roche Hélène - - 2009
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) contamination was assessed in marketable species, two fishes (tilapia and catfish) and a prawn from the Lake Taabo (Côte d'Ivoire). Lindane and endosulfan were the main contaminants, suggesting their current use. DDT, endrin, heptachlor plus traces of chlordane, aldrin and fipronil were also detected. In fishes and ...
Muralidharan Subramaniyan - - 2009
Organochlorine pesticide residues were determined in 10 species of fishes caught at Cochin and Rameshwaram coast, and sold in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. Species were selected on the basis of their regular availability throughout the year and commercial value. A total of 389 fishes were analyzed for organochlorine residues and ...
Tsoutsi C S - - 2008
The occurrence of organophosphorus pesticide (OPs) and their metabolite residues was investigated in 167 samples of Greek virgin olive oil during a 2-year (2004-2005) sampling campaign. A total of 30.5% of samples contained detectable residues, although only one sample contained dimethoate residues above the maximum residue limit. Among the seven ...
Relyea Rick A - - 2008
The field of toxicology has traditionally assessed the risk of contaminants by using laboratory experiments and a range of pesticide concentrations that are held constant for short periods of time (1-4 days). From these experiments, one can estimate the concentration that causes no effect on survival. However, organisms in nature ...
Anguiano Olga L - - 2008
The organophosphorous compound azinphosmethyl (AzMe) is applied extensively in northern Patagonia (southern Argentina) to manage codling moths (Cydia pomonella). This area is irrigated by fast-flowing channels that provide a favorable habitat for many species, including amphipods (Hyalella curvispina) and a field-mixed population of black flies (Simulium bonaerense, Simulium wolffhuegeli, and ...
Chatterjee Ayona - - 2008
Pesticide risk assessment for food products involves combining information from consumption and concentration data sets to estimate a distribution for the pesticide intake in a human population. Using this distribution one can obtain probabilities of individuals exceeding specified levels of pesticide intake. In this article, we present a probabilistic, Bayesian ...
Boison Joe O - - 2009
Carbadox (CBX) and olaquindox (OLQ) are used in swine feed for growth promotion, to improve feed efficiency, increase the rate of weight gain, control swine dysentery and bacterial enteritis in young swine. In 1991, the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) recommended maximum residue limits (MRLs) of 30 ...
Movalli Paola - - 2008
This paper reports on research conducted to elucidate the risk posed to the Sicilian population of the endangered lanner falcon Falco biarmicus feldeggii Schlegel by organochlorine (OC) pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), as part of a wider study on contaminant risk to the lanner. Seventeen lanner nest sites were studied ...
Gogebakan Zuhal - - 2009
This study presents the results from investigation of ash deposition characteristics of a high ash and sulfur content lignite co-fired with three types of biomass (olive residue, 49 wt%; hazelnut shell, 42 wt%; and cotton residue, 41 wt%) in 0.3 MW(t) Middle East Technical University (METU) Atmospheric Bubbling Fluidized Bed ...
Mou Yongyan - - 2008
The techniques of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Fourier transform infrared attenuated total reflectance (FTIR/ATR) spectroscopy are applied to the analysis of gun-shot residue (GSR) to test their ability to determine shooting distance and discrimination of the powder manufacturers. AFM is a nondestructive technique that is capable of characterizing the ...
Ramón-Azcón Javier - - 2009
The detection of atrazine using a novel optical immunosensing technique based on negative dielectrophoresis (n-DEP) in microfluidic channels is described. Atrazine is a toxic triazine herbicide within the most frequently used. Polystyrene microparticles (6 microm diameters) modified with bovine serum albumin conjugated with atrazine (atrazine-BSA) were manipulated and captured when ...
Menard Céline - - 2008
The aim of this study is to develop a new indicator of pesticide dietary intake to screen pesticides to include in monitoring programs. This new indicator called the adjusted TMDI (TMDI_Ad), taking account actual pesticide agricultural uses in France, is more precise than the theoretical maximum dietary intake (TMDI), based ...
Kabashima Yuka - - 2008
Based on the data for pesticide residues in vegetables and fruits collected in Aichi prefecture (fiscal years 2001-2005), we selected groups of foods and pesticides that would allow efficient and effective inspection under the positive list system. Statistical analyses were done to examine the rates of detection of pesticides and ...
Riederer Anne M - - 2008
3-Phenoxybenzoic acid (3PBA), a pyrethroid metabolite, was detected in 75% of urine samples analyzed for pesticides in the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002. NHANES also includes 24-hr diet data and information on household pesticide use, activities, occupation, demographics, and other exposure factors. The objective of our ...
Wang Ligang - - 2008
A method to effectively remove pigments in fresh vegetables using activated carbon followed cleanup through solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridge to further reduce matrix interference and contamination, was established to determine eight organophosphorous pesticides (OPPs) by gas chromatography (GC) with nitrogen-phosphorus detection (NPD) in this study, and it has been ...
Clementi Maurizio - - 2008
An increasing number of observations suggestive for a causal link between pesticide exposure and reproductive dysfunctions have appeared in literature during recent years. The present epidemiological analysis was undertaken to evaluate whether living in rural areas, where large amounts of pesticides are applied, represents a risk factor for infertility. Fertility ...
Chung Stephen W C - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the dietary exposure of DDT in foodstuffs consumed in Hong Kong by secondary school students in Hong Kong in 2005. Food samples of domestic or imported food were collected randomly from local markets for the determination of DDT. The analytical method for ...
Boone Michelle D - - 2008
Although aquatic communities frequently are exposed to a number of pesticides, the effects of chemical mixtures are not well understood. In two separate studies, I examined how insecticide mixtures influenced the likelihood of unpredictable, nonadditive effects on American toad (Bufo americanus) and green frog (Rana clamitans) tadpoles reared in outdoor ...
Khay S - - 2008
Chinese cabbage has long been consumed as a staple food by the Koreans in various forms of fresh, salted, or fermented as kimchi. To fulfill the off-season demand for this crop, it has become a common practice to be cultivated under greenhouse conditions. Since pesticide residues in/on leafy vegetables have ...
Rattner Barnett A - - 2008
Environmental contaminants can have profound effects on birds, acting from the molecular through population levels of biological organization. An analysis of potential contaminant threats was undertaken at 52 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) within the northeastern Atlantic coast drainage. Using geographic information system methodology, data layers describing or integrating contamination (impaired ...
Claeys W L - - 2008
Exposure of the Belgian consumer to pesticide residues from the consumption of fruit and vegetables was determined based on data collected in the Belgian food consumption survey performed by the Scientific Institute for Public Health and data from the Belgian Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain 2005 ...
Kuksis Arnis - - 2008
We have previously reported preferential release of polyunsaturated FAs during hydrolysis of lipoprotein phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) by group X secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) and preferential release of oligounsaturated FAs during hydrolysis of lipoprotein PtdCho by group V sPLA2, but the mechanism of this selectivity has remained unknown. We now show that ...
Wekesa V W - - 2008
The tomato red spider mite, Tetranychus evansi Baker and Pritchard, is an invasive species in Africa causing considerable damage to Solanaceous crops. The fungal pathogen Neozygites floridana Weiser and Muma from Brazil has been considered a potential candidate for introduction into Africa for the control of T. evansi. To be ...
Tsai Shih-Wei - - 2008
Triclosan (2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether) is a widely used antibacterial agent. However, it was concerned recently that triclosan might act as an antibiotic and will cause resistant bacterial strains. Furthermore, possible formation of toxic chloroform was also reported when the triclosan contained in household dishwashing soaps reacted with the chlorinated water. To ...
Zissis Alcibiades - - 2008
The aim of this long term study was to investigate the release of residual monomer from different denture materials, throughout a 38 months time period after curing and storage in water Specimens made of four denture base resins (three heat polymerizing, one auto polymerizing) and one hard liner were subjected ...
Akhtar Mubeena - - 2009
Sorption potential of rice (Oryza sativa) bran and rice husk for the removal of triazophos (TAP), an organophosphate pesticide, has been studied. The specific surface area were found to be 19+/-0.7 m(2)g(-1) and 11+/-0.8m(2)g(-1) for rice bran and rice husk, respectively. Rice bran exhibited higher removal efficiency (98+/-1.3%) than rice ...
Azeredo Antonio - - 2008
Until the 1990s the 1,1,1-trichloro-bis-2,2'-(4chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) was sprayed in the walls of the house along the Madeira River basin, Brazilian Amazon, a region well known for its large number of malaria cases. In 1910, Oswaldo Cruz described the presence of malaria in 100% of the population living in some ...
McDaniel Tana V - - 2008
Intensive row crop agriculture (IRCA) for corn and soybean production is predominant in eastern and central North America. IRCA relies heavily on pesticide and nutrient inputs to maximize production under conventional systems. In 2003-2005, we assessed the occurrence of a suite of potential endocrine effects in amphibians inhabiting farm ponds ...
Font Guillermina - - 2008
Food contamination continues to be a serious problem around the world. Surveillance of chemical contaminants in foods is important not only for public health but also because of the negative economic impact of contamination. From the analytical perspective, analysis of contaminants in food is an extremely challenging area. There is ...
Baum Matthias - - 2008
Acrylamide (AA) is formed during heating of carbohydrate rich foods in the course of the Maillard reaction. AA has been classified as probably carcinogenic to humans. Storage experiments with roasted coffee have shown that AA levels decrease depending on storage time and temperature. In the present study the fate of ...
Choudhary Amit - - 2008
Honey, being a natural product manufactured by honey bees is considered to be free from any extraneous material. The over-reliance on pesticides caused several environmental problems including pesticide residues in food. This constitutes a potential risk for human health, because of their sub acute and chronic toxicity. Therefore this study ...
Skrbić B - - 2008
Levels of 16 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were investigated in 39 composite samples of agricultural crops, related by-products, and foodstuffs collected in Vojvodina, Serbia, in 2002 through 2004. After extraction and cleanup, OCPs were determined by capillary gas chromatography using electron-capture detection. The highest mean level of 0.971 ng/g whole weight ...
Downing Amy L - - 2008
Pesticides have been shown to be detrimental to key groups of freshwater organisms including cladocerans, odonates, and amphibians. However, less is known about the response of freshwater communities and ecosystems to pesticide disturbances as they occur in nature. Using outdoor aquatic mesocosms, we assembled identical and diverse replicate freshwater plankton ...
Vonderheide Anne P - - 2009
Transfer of pesticides from household surfaces to foods may result in excess dietary exposure in children (i.e., beyond that inherent in foods due to agricultural application). In this study, transfer was evaluated as a function of the moisture and fat content of various foods. Surfaces chosen for investigation were those ...
Devos Yann - - 2008
With the potential advent of genetically modified herbicide-resistant (GMHR) crops in the European Union, changes in patterns of herbicide use are predicted. Broad-spectrum, non-selective herbicides used with GMHR crops are expected to substitute for a set of currently used herbicides, which might alter the agro-environmental footprint from crop production. To ...
Batterman S A - - 2008
Despite the existence of numerous sources and continuing use, information regarding emissions and airborne concentrations of organochlorine pesticides in Africa is extremely limited. This paper presents results of a monitoring program conducted in Durban, South Africa that was designed to characterize levels, trends and possible sources of pesticides in both ...
Gui Wen-Jun - - 2008
Environmental and food safety issues now are recognized internationally, and pesticide residues play key roles as environment and food pollutants. It is crucial to develop methods for rapid determination of pesticide residues in environments and foods. A one-step strip based on nanocolloidal-gold-labeled monoclonal antibodies for detection of triazophos residue was ...
Aulagnier Fabien - - 2008
Air and precipitation samples were collected and analyzed for 91 pesticides or metabolites from May to September 2004 at St. Damase, an agricultural site located in Yamaska basin in Québec, Canada. A broad range of pesticides was detected during this experiment where 40 different compounds were measured. Most of the ...
Yin Xiao Hui - - 2008
Chinese toad, Bufo bufo gargarizans, is frequently found in rice fields, muddy ponds, wetlands and other aquatic ecosystems in China. Because of its habitat, it has many chances of being exposed to pesticides, such as acetochlor, butachlor, chlorimuron-ethyl, and paraquat, which are extensively used in rice or cereal fields. Amphibians ...
Jiang Xuesong - - 2008
Immunosensors are biosensors that use antibodies or antigens as the specific sensing element and provide concentration-dependent signals. There is great potential in the applications of immunosensing technologies for rapid detection of pesticide residues in food and environment. This paper presents an overview of various transduction systems, such as electrochemical, optical, ...
Aldana-Madrid M L - - 2008
Food safety has acquired great attention by food importer and exporters. Food rejection or acceptance across international borders is based on the compliance with international food regulations. Due to the lack of recent data on pesticide residues in Mexican grains, this study focused on detecting and quantifying insecticide residues in ...
Uematsu Yoko - - 2008
Organic solvent residue levels in "Existing Food Additives" (n=145), health food materials (n=23), and commercial health food products (n=19) were surveyed. Ethanol was the dominant solvent found in the samples, suggesting its use in the manufacturing process. Methanol, acetone, 2-propanol and ethyl acetate was also found. No residual solvent exceeded ...
Campero Melina - - 2008
1. Mass at emergence is a life-history trait strongly linked to adult fitness. Therefore, when faced with transient food shortage in the larval stage, mass-correcting mechanisms are common. 2. These correcting mechanisms may carry costs with them. On one hand, these costs may be overestimated because they can be confounded ...
Bowling M B - - 2008
Four experiments were conducted in commercial beef-packing facilities The objectives of these experiments were to: (i) determine and validate a carcass sampling technique and location to determine if central nervous system (CNS) cross-contamination exists/occurs; (ii) determine if residual CNS tissue contamination remains on splitting saws after sanitation procedures; (iii) determine ...
García-Cañas Virginia - - 2008
This review covers the application of capillary electromigration methods to analyze foods and food components, including amino acids, biogenic amines, peptides, proteins, DNAs, carbohydrates, phenols, polyphenols, pigments, toxins, pesticides, vitamins, additives, small organic and inorganic ions, chiral compounds, and other compounds in foods, as well as those applications of CE ...
Khan Dilshad A - - 2008
Tobacco is an important cash crop of Pakistan and tremendous amount of irrational pesticides are being used to control insect growth. The frequency of plasma pesticide residues above acceptable daily intake (ADI) and its correlation with biochemical markers for assessment of adverse health effects in the tobacco farmers at district ...
Bjørling-Poulsen Marina - - 2008
Pesticides used in agriculture are designed to protect crops against unwanted species, such as weeds, insects, and fungus. Many compounds target the nervous system of insect pests. Because of the similarity in brain biochemistry, such pesticides may also be neurotoxic to humans. Concerns have been raised that the developing brain ...
Nadir Hermes; Universidade de ...
The Vale do Rio Pardo region, where the Pardinho River Basin is located, is the main tobacco growing area of Brazil. Tobacco growing involves intense and regular use of pesticides. Among the risks to which producers are exposed is the use of the soil employed in tobacco seedling production for ...
Cohen Marc - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pesticides, including insecticides, herbicides and fungicides, are widely used in Australian agriculture. There is growing public concern about their impact on human health. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the available evidence about the potential chronic health effects of pesticides, particularly relating to children and breastfeeding women, and discusses the potential ...
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