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Aceves Seema S SS Department of Pediatrics and Medicine, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Center for Infection, Inflammation, and Immunology, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC-0760, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a clinicopathologic disease of increasing prevalence. Because EoE is a chronic disease, its prevalence will continue to increase. Antigen triggers, including food and aeroallergens, drive eosinophilic and T helper cell type 2 inflammation, resulting in subepithelial fibrosis; this esophageal remodeling is the likely underlying pathogenesis for ...
Allen Katrina J KJ Department of Allergy, Gastroenterology and Immunology, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Centre of Food and Allergy Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is a key differential for gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) in children. It can be difficult for clinicians to decide which patients need referral for the assessment of EoE, which can only be confirmed by histological analysis of endoscopic biopsies. Recent guidelines recommend that EoE can only be diagnosed ...
Lucendo Alfredo J AJ Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital General de Tomelloso, Tomelloso, Ciudad Real, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The onset of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) after oral immunotherapy (OIT) has been repeatedly described in patients with immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy in recent years, but the relation between the 2 conditions has not been fully assessed and quantified. To provide a systematic review of the evidence for an association ...
Philpott Hamish H Department of Gastroenterology Eastern Health, Monash University Melbourne Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is considered to be a chronic antigen driven disease whereby food and/or aeroallergens induce a chronic inflammatory infiltrate in the esophagus, resulting in pathological hyperplasia of the epithelia and muscular layers, and fibrosis of the lamina propria (referred to collectively as remodelling) and the symptoms of dysphagia ...
Colson Diana D Hôpital Necker - Enfants Malades, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France; Nutricia Nutrition Clinique, Saint-Ouen, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a clinicopathologic disease that presents with a massive infiltration of the esophagus by eosinophils triggered by food antigen(s). To determine the impact of dietary therapy on nutritional parameters in patients who present with EoE. A convenience retrospective study analyzed patients with EoE after a 2-month dietary ...
Nerbass Fabiana B FB School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil; Nephrology Division, Nutrition Department, Pro-rim Foundation, Joinville, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate sodium intake in a cohort of people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) Stage 3 in England to identify demographic characteristics of subgroups with high sodium intake and specific foods that contribute to excessive sodium intake. Study subjects (N = 1,729) included CKD ...
Gutiérrez Orlando M OM Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL; Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nutrition is linked strongly with health outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, few studies have examined relationships between dietary patterns and health outcomes in persons with CKD. Observational cohort study. 3,972 participants with CKD (defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60mL/min/1.73m(2) or albumin-creatinine ratio ≥ 30mg/g at baseline) from the Reasons ...
Luis Desiree D Divisions of Renal Medicine and Baxter Novum, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention, and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, K56, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, S-141 86 Stockholm, - - 2014
Energy intake and renal function decrease with age. In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), spontaneous food intake decreases in parallel with the loss of renal function. The objective of the present study was to evaluate a possible relationship between renal dysfunction and energy intake in elderly community-dwelling men. A ...
Smyth Andrew A Department of Nephrology, Galway University Hospitals, Galway, - - 2014
Sodium intake is an important determinant of blood pressure; therefore, reduction of intake may be an attractive population-based target for chronic kidney disease (CKD) prevention. Most guidelines recommend sodium intake of <2.3g/day, based on limited evidence. We reviewed the association between sodium intake and renal outcomes. We reviewed cohort studies ...
Crews Deidra C DC Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Md., - - 2014
Background: The relation of food insecurity (inability to acquire nutritionally adequate and safe foods) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unknown. We examined whether food insecurity is associated with prevalent CKD among lower-income individuals in both the general US adult population and an urban population. Methods: We conducted cross-sectional analyses ...
de Silva Punyanganie S A PS aDepartment of Gastroenterology, Norfolk & Norwich University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust bDepartment of Gastroenterology, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich cDepartment of Clinical Gerontology, Addenbrooke's University Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust dDepartment of Public Health and Primary Care, Biomedical Informatics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2014
Dietary fatty acids may be involved in the etiology of ulcerative colitis (UC). Arachidonic acid (AA), an n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid, is a precursor of the proinflammatory cytokines prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4, and its metabolism is competitively inhibited by oleic acid (OA). This study aimed to prospectively investigate whether ...
Iff Samuel - - 2013
Mortality risk for people with chronic kidney disease is substantially greater than that for the general population, increasing to a 7-fold greater risk for those on dialysis therapy. Higher body mass index, generally due to higher energy intake, appears protective for people on dialysis therapy, but the relationship between energy ...
Dixit Shilpi Gupta - - 2013
Abstract Thousands of chemicals are being used recently in our new high tech foods like ready to eat Japanese, Chinese, packaged and tinned foods. Most food additives act as either preservatives or flavor enhancers like monosodium glutamate (MSG), a sodium salt of glutamic acid. The present study investigated the effect ...
Israr Beenish - - 2013
Phytate and mineral cations are both considered as important dietary factors for inhibiting the crystallisation of calcium oxalate kidney stones in susceptible individuals. In this paper, the phytate and mineral composition of whole bran cereals (wheat, barley and oat) and legumes were determined together with their soluble and insoluble oxalate ...
Barril-Cuadrado Guillermina - - 2013
Background: The K/DOQI guidelines recommend the use of phosphorus/protein food ratios for proper control of dietary phosphorus. Evidence exists from tables with phosphorus to protein ratios for common foods. No such table exists for common foods consumed by the Spanish population with ratio estimations. Objectives: To estimate the phosphorus to ...
Vaccari Barbara - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The present study investigates, in 23-day-old and adult male rats, the effect of severe food restriction in utero on blood pressure (BP), and its association with nephron structure and function changes, angiotensin II (AT1R/AT2R), glucocorticoid (GR) and mineralocorticoid (MR) receptor expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The daily food supply to ...
Vaden Shelly L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To review what is known about the familial renal diseases in soft-coated wheaten terriers (SCWT), provide an update in developments in this field including the relationship with protein-losing nephropathy (PLN) and the potential association with protein-losing enteropathy (PLE). DATA SOURCES: Information was derived from studies of dogs maintained in ...
Goraya Nimrit - - 2012
More kidney protective strategies are needed to reduce the burden of complete kidney failure from chronic kidney disease (CKD). Clinicians sometimes use protein restriction as kidney protection despite its demonstrated lack of effectiveness in the only large-scale study. Small-scale studies support that dietary acid reduction is kidney-protective, including when done ...
Ohtsuki Takashi - - 2012
An analytical method using solvent extraction and quantitative proton nuclear magnetic resonance (qHNMR) spectroscopy was applied and validated for the absolute quantification of sorbic acid (SA) in processed foods. The proposed method showed good linearity. The recoveries for samples spiked at the maximum usage level specified for food in Japan ...
Piñero García F - - 2012
Traces of (131)I, (134)Cs and (137)Cs were measured after the Fukushima nuclear accident between 23 March and 13 April 2011 in southeast Spain. The movement of the radioactive cloud toward southeast Spain was reconstructed based on the backward and forward trajectory cluster analyses. Polar maritime air masses which had originated ...
Chang Yuhua - - 2012
The cationic biopolymer ε-polylysine (ε-PL) is a potent food-grade antimicrobial that is highly effective against a range of food pathogens and spoilage organisms. In compositionally complex systems like foods and beverages, cationic ε-PL molecules may associate with anionic substances, leading to increased turbidity, sediment formation, and reduced antimicrobial activity. In ...
Koda Masanori - - 2012
NMR-based metabolic analysis of foods has been widely applied in food science. In this study, we performed discrimination of five different mango cultivars, Awin, Carabao, Keitt, Kent, and Nam Dok Mai, using metabolic analysis with band-selective excitation NMR spectra. A combination of unsupervised principal component analysis (PCA) with low-field region ...
Chan Kit Yu Karen - - 2011
Reduction in global ocean pH due to the uptake of increased atmospheric CO(2) is expected to negatively affect calcifying organisms, including the planktonic larval stages of many marine invertebrates. Planktonic larvae play crucial roles in the benthic-pelagic life cycle of marine organisms by connecting and sustaining existing populations and colonizing ...
Lürling M - - 2011
The effects of a commercially available anionic surfactant solution (FFD-6) on growth and morphology of a common green alga (Scenedesmus obliquus) and on survival and clearance rates of the water flea Daphnia magna were studied. The surfactant-solution elicited a morphological response (formation of colonies) in Scenedesmus at concentrations of 10-100 ...
Pernet Bruno - - 2011
The larvae of marine annelids capture food using an unusual diversity of suspension-feeding mechanisms. Many of the feeding mechanisms of larval annelids are poorly known despite the abundance and ecological significance of both larvae and adults of some annelid taxa. Here we show that larvae of two species of sabellariid ...
Chang Yuhua - - 2011
ε-Polylysine (ε-PL) is a food-grade cationic antimicrobial that is highly effective against a wide range of food pathogens and spoilage organisms. However, its application within foods and beverages is currently limited because of its tendency to associate with anionic substances, thereby increasing product turbidity or forming sediments. In this study, ...
Nakashima Yasuo - - 2011
A quantitative analysis was developed for eight acidic and neutral preservatives in foods and daily necessities using the inline dialysis-IC combined with hydrophobic anion-exchange separation. The eight preservatives were dialyzed by inline dialysis and separated on a hydrophobic anion exchange column. Under the optimized separation conditions, the detection limits (S/N ...
Ibarra Alonso Aguilar - - 2010
Poor quality irrigation water is a major cause of disease transmission for urban inhabitants consuming fresh produce in many developing countries. Irradiation of food is an alternative approach to reducing health risks for consumers, but its implementation depends heavily on consumer acceptance. In this pilot study, we show that most ...
Beszédes Sándor - - 2011
Microwave (MW) irradiation is a relatively new possibility of conditioning and pretreating for wastewater sludge. Following its application in the telecommunications and food-industries, the environmental use of this technique has come into the limelight in recent years, and has become increasingly popular. Various publications have dealt with the examination of ...
Chiaravalle A E - - 2010
Food irradiation is a preservation method that has been approved by the European Union for a limited number of foods or food products and within a limited range of doses. European Community legislation states that all foods or food ingredients treated in this manner and authorized for sale in the ...
Moccia Krinon D - - 2010
Concern regarding the potential for radiation exposure from accidents or nuclear and radiologic terrorism is increasing. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the addition of minimal supportive care consisting of hydration or nutritional gels could be used to reduce mortality in mice exposed to (60)Co gamma-radiation. Male ...
Maeda Osamu - - 2010
Iprodione is an agricultural fungicide that is difficult to detect in foods by HPLC because it coelutes with natural compounds in the food. We previously showed that food matrix could be degraded with titanium dioxide powder (TP). Here we describe an improved method for detection of iprodione using silica gel ...
Niedermayer M - - 2010
The analysis of luminescence of minerals extracted from pottery and bricks is a well-known tool in retrospective dosimetry. In the past, the detection limit of this method has been reported to lie in general in the order of magnitude of about 10 mGy. For most applications in accidental dosimetry, this ...
Kim Mi-Ok - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Perilla and sesame seeds, a rich source of energy, are commonly utilized in different forms in many countries. During the post-harvest period, they are contaminated with insects as well as microbes that may have importance for keeping quality and quarantine, and thus they can be treated with ionizing radiation ...
Temple Norman J - - 2010
Many food guides are used around the world, with most based on a graphical design to indicate how much of each food group should be eaten. However, the most recent versions of the food guides used in the United States (MyPyramid) and Canada (Eating Well with Canada's Food Guide) have ...
Konno Ayumu - - 2009
Yeasts of the genus Lipomyces are known as fat yeasts, and they store large amounts of lipids. Because the major lipid produced by Lipomyces is triglyceride, which can be used as a food and energy resource, the control of lipid production by Lipomyces sp. is an important issue. Here we ...
Bhat Rajeev - - 2009
In the present study, we investigated the physicochemical and functional properties of lotus seed flour exposed to low and high doses of gamma-radiation (0-30 kGy; the dose recommended for quarantine and hygienic purposes). The results indicated raw seed flour to be rich in nutrients with minimal quantities of antinutritional factors. ...
Sanyal Bhaskar - - 2009
Low-dose gamma irradiation causes minimal changes in food matrix making identification of radiation-processed foods a challenging task. In the present study, soybean samples were irradiated with commercially permitted gamma radiation dose in the 0.25 to 1.0 kGy range for insect disinfestations of food. Immediately after irradiation electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) ...
Kapsimalis R - - 2009
Eight foods common to the Nigerian diet were analyzed for trace amounts of uranium using epithermal neutron activation analysis. Food sample sizes of roughly one-half gram, irradiated for 10 min, with a 15 min decay time and counting time for 10 min yielded detection limits between 0.02 and 0.04 Bq/kg. ...
Arvanitoyannis Ioannis S - - 2009
There is an increasing trend both in advanced countries and many developing countries to centrally process fresh fruits and vegetables, properly packaged, for distribution and marketing. Irradiation technology proved to be effective in reducing post-harvest losses, and controlling the stored product insects and the microorganisms. Gamma irradiation was employed to ...
Chen Zhuo - - 2009
We consider wavelength-selective splitting of radiation using directional couplers (DCs) formed by dielectric-loaded surface-plasmon-polariton waveguides (DLSPPWs). The DCs were fabricated by depositing sub-wavelength-sized polymer ridges on a gold film using large-scale UV photolithography and characterized at telecommunications wavelengths with near-field microscopy. We demonstrate a DLSPPW-based 45-microm-long DC comprising 3 microm ...
Zhang Ke - - 2009
A Pd nanoshell was epitaxially grown on a Au nanorod (NR) via simple seed-mediated growth. Compared with the cylindrical shape of the Au NR, the Au core/Pd shell (Au@Pd) nanorods change to a rectangular shape due to the disappearance of {110} facets. The Au NRs exhibit a strong longitudinal surface ...
Arvanitoyannis Ioannis S - - 2009
Irradiation is one of the most important and effective methods towards food preservation despite the consumer lack of trust and aversion towards this method. Irradiation effectiveness greatly depends on the dose provided to food. This review aims at summarizing all available information regarding the impact of irradiation dose on the ...
Variyar Prasad S - - 2008
Increased outbreaks of food-borne illnesses, including deaths in recent years, attributed in large part to consumption of food contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7, have become a worldwide concern. Food-borne illnesses constitute an unacceptable health risk demanding stringent food safety controls. Despite food irradiation being a known effective method to eliminate ...
Kozma Chahira - - 2008
The ancient Egyptian civilization lasted for over 3000 years and ended in 30 BCE. Many aspects of ancient Egyptian culture, including the existence of skeletal dysplasias, and in particular achondroplasia, are well known through the monuments and records that survived until modern times. The hot and dry climate in Egypt ...
Kim Young Gon - - 2009
It is well-known that chronic ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure at low-dose causes skin photoaging including increases in skin thickness and wrinkle formation and reduction in skin elasticity. This study examined the effects of total saponins and ginsenoside Rb(1) isolated from Red Ginseng roots on skin thickness, elasticity, and wrinkle formation ...
Kim Hyesun - - 2008
Mesoporous Si@carbon core-shell nanowires with a diameter of approximately 6.5 nm were prepared for a lithium battery anode material using a SBA-15 template. As-synthesized nanowires demonstrated excellent first charge capacity of 3163 mA h/g with a Coulombic efficiency of 86% at a rate of 0.2 C (600 mA/g) between 1.5 ...
Wang S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the efficacy and safety of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment in an animal model of vascular anomalies together with the energy efficiency relationship after varying exposure times and energy levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hainanhui cockscombs were irradiated using a CZP therapeutic apparatus with an optimal focus over ...
Seo Na Jin - - 2008
The effect of grip activities on wrist flexion/extension strength was examined. Twelve healthy subjects performed maximum wrist flexion/extension exertions with one of five levels of simultaneous grip effort: minimum effort; preferred effort; 30%, 60% and 100% maximum voluntary contraction. As grip force increased from the minimum to the maximum effort, ...
Jaeckel Joerg - - 2008
If there is a light Abelian gauge boson gamma' in the hidden sector its kinetic mixing with the photon can produce a hidden cosmic microwave background (HCMB). For meV masses, resonant oscillations gamma<-->gamma' happen after big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) but before CMB decoupling, increasing the effective number of neutrinos Nnu(eff) ...
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