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Nieuwenhuizen Natalie E NE Department of Immunology, Max Planck Institut fuer Infektionsbiologie, Chariteplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
The food-borne parasite Anisakis is an important hidden food allergen. Anisakis is a parasitic nematode which has a third-stage larval form that infects mainly fish, and ingestion of contaminated seafood can result in severe allergic reactions. Symptoms experienced due to exposure to this parasite include gastrointestinal disorders, urticaria, dermatitis, asthma ...
Kapulsky Leonid L Tufts University School of Medicine, 136 Harrison Avenue, Boston, MA, 02111, - - 2014
Previous research has identified an association between food insecurity and depression in a variety of world regions in both healthy and HIV-infected individuals. We examined this association in 183 HIV-infected Hispanic adults from the greater Boston area. We measured depression with the Burnam depression screen and food insecurity with the ...
Mizukoshi Fuminori F Tochigi Prefectural Institute of Public Health and Environmental Science, Tochigi, - - 2014
Six high school students in Tochigi prefecture, Japan, developed gastroenteritis after eating at a pork cutlet shop. Molecular epidemiologic analyses showed that the causative agent was genotype G1P[8] rotavirus (RV), which was detected in stool samples from both the patients and the asymptomatic food handlers. The detected RV strains were ...
Pastiu Anamaria A a University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary - - 2014
Abstract Raising goats in settings that are highly contaminated with oocysts of Toxoplasma gondii may contribute significantly to human exposure to this zoonotic parasite. Increasing consumption of young goats in countries, where goats are frequently reared in backyards that are also home to cats (the definitive host of this parasite) ...
Wein Sharon S Dynamique des Interactions Normales et Pathologiques, CNRS UMR 5235, Université Montpellier 2, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France - - 2014
Bis-thiazolium salts constitute a new class of anti-hematozoan drugs that inhibit parasite phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis. They specifically accumulate in Plasmodium- and Babesia-infected erythrocytes. Here, we provide new insight on the choline analogue albitiazolium, which is currently clinically tested against severe malaria. Concentration-dependent accumulation in P. falciparum-infected erythrocytes reached steady-state after 90-120 ...
McHenry Megan S MS Department of Pediatrics, Children's Health Services Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2014
In resource-limited settings, malnutrition is the major cause of death in young children, but the precise benefits of nutritional supplementation for HIV-infected children are not well understood. Two researchers reviewed studies conducted in low- or middle-income countries that involved macro- and micronutrient supplementation in HIV-infected individuals ≤18 years. Fifteen studies ...
Rosypal Alexa C AC 1 Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, College of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics, Johnson C. Smith University , Charlotte, North - - 2014
Abstract Toxocara canis is a zoonotic nematode parasite that can be transmitted to humans by food or water contaminated with T. canis eggs from infected dog feces. High-pressure processing (HPP) is a useful alternative to thermal treatments to eliminate pathogens from foods. Most of the research on HPP has focused ...
Chironna M M Department of Biomedical Science and Human Oncology, Aldo Moro University of Bari, Bari, - - 2014
To describe an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis in people who had eaten at a hash house in southern Italy. Case-control study. A clinical case of gastroenteritis was defined as a person who had eaten at the hash house from 29 August to 4 September 2011 and who experienced defined gastrointestinal ...
Tsai Alexander C AC Chester M. Pierce, MD Division of Global Psychiatry and Center for Global Health, Massachusetts General Hospital, Room 1529-E3, 100 Cambridge Street, 15th floor, Boston, MA, 02114, USA, - - 2014
Food insecurity has recently emerged as an important risk factor for HIV acquisition among women worldwide. No previous studies have used linked data that would permit investigation of the extent to which food insecurity may have differential associations with HIV transmission risk behaviors or symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) ...
Lewnard Joseph A JA Indigenous Health Adaptation to Climate Change Study Group, Department of Geography, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Geography, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda; Ugandan Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda; Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada; Zoonoses Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada; School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, - - 2014
Although malnutrition and malaria co-occur among individuals and populations globally, effects of nutritional status on risk for parasitemia and clinical illness remain poorly understood. We investigated associations between Plasmodium falciparum infection, nutrition, and food security in a cross-sectional survey of 365 Batwa pygmies in Kanungu District, Uganda in January of ...
Yoo Seok-Ju SJ Department of Preventive Medicine, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Gyeongju, - - 2014
A salmonellosis outbreak occurred within a community of Gyeongju residents who ingested catered food from a wedding in June 2009. We aimed to epidemiologically investigate the probable vehicle of the infection. We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 34 local residents who ingested the wedding food. Among the 34 residents, ...
Setlhare Gaofetoge - - 2014
The role of bio-aerosols in the spread of disease and spoilage of food has been described in numerous studies; nevertheless this information at South African hospitals is limited. Attributable to their size, bio-aerosols may be suspended in the air for long periods placing patients at risk of infection and possibly ...
Crim Stacy M - - 2014
Foodborne disease continues to be an important problem in the United States. Most illnesses are preventable. To evaluate progress toward prevention, the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) monitors the incidence of laboratory-confirmed infections caused by nine pathogens transmitted commonly through food in 10 U.S. sites, covering approximately 15% of ...
Macdonald Lauren E LE L MacDonald, Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, - - 2014
Leptin is a potent anorexigen but little is known about the physiological conditions under which this cytokine regulates food intake in fish. In this study, we characterized the relationships between food intake, O2 carrying capacity, liver leptin-A1 (lep-a1) gene expression and plasma leptin-A1 in rainbow trout infected with a pathogenic ...
El-Bahnasawy Mamdouh M - - 2014
Botulism is a rare but potentially life-threatening neuroparalytic syndrome resulting from the action of a neurotoxin elaborated by the microorganism Clostridium botulinum. This disease has a lengthy history; the first investigation of botulism occurred in the 1820s with a case report on hundreds of patients with "sausage poisoning" in a ...
Imanishi Maho M Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, CDC, Atlanta, GA - - 2014
Case Description-In April 2012, Salmonella enterica serotype Infantis was detected in an unopened bag of dry dog food collected during routine retail surveillance. PulseNet, a national bacterial subtyping network, identified humans with Salmonella Infantis infection with the same genetic fingerprint as the dog food sample. Clinical Findings-An outbreak investigation identified ...
Wagenaar Jaap A JA Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the - - 2014
Campylobacter fetus can cause intestinal illness and, occasionally, severe systemic infections. Infections mainly affect persons at higher risk including aged and immunocompromised individuals and those with occupational exposure to infected animals. Outbreaks are infrequent but have provided insight into sources. Source attribution of sporadic cases through case-control interviews has not ...
Cho H G HG Division of Virology, Gyeonggi Provincial Research Institute of Public Health and Environment, Suwon, Republic of - - 2014
SUMMARY Epidemiological and virological studies indicate that noroviruses-contaminated groundwater was the primary source of four acute gastroenteritis outbreaks in South Korea between 2008 and 2012. Furthermore, cabbage kimchi was first identified as the vehicle of transmission between groundwater and infected patients in an outbreak in 2011. The proper treatment of ...
González-Fuentes Hiromi H Institute of Food Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 1, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany; Institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Theodor-Lieser-Str. 11, D-06120 Halle, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A renewed interest in the pathogenic potential of Alaria alata mesocercariae emerged over the last 10years as a result of increased findings of this parasite in feral pigs during official examination for Trichinella spp. Cases of food associated human alariosis in North America suggest that a risk associated with the ...
Tiwari Ruchi - - 2014
Darwin's theory of natural selection and concept of survival of fittest of Wallace is a universal truth which derives the force of life among all live entities on this biosphere. Issues regarding food safety along with increased drug resistance and emerging zoonotic infections have proved that multidisciplinary efforts are in ...
Clarke Lesa L Food Safety Department, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland; School of Biotechnology and National Centre for Sensor Research, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, - - 2014
Coccidiostats are used in the control of protozoan infections in different food producing animals. They are most widely used as feed additives in intensively reared species such as pigs and poultry to maintain animal health and in some cases enhance feed conversion. However, a number of these drugs are used ...
Peduzzi Peter P Department of Limnology and Oceanography, University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Trophic cascade effects occur when a food web is disrupted by loss or significant reduction of one or more of its members. In East African Rift Valley lakes, the Lesser Flamingo is on top of a short food chain. At irregular intervals, the dominance of their most important food source, ...
Hagel Isabel I Institute of Biomedicine, Faculty of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela, Caracas, - - 2014
We evaluated the influence of intestinal parasitic infection on food sensitization associated to the severity of Atopic Dermatitis (AD) in a group of Warao Amerindian pre- school children. Feces examinations were performed in fresh stool specimens. Diagnosis of AD was done according to Hannifin and Rajka criteria and SCORAD index. ...
Calcagno M A MA Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires. "R.A. Margni" Humoral Immunity Studies Institute (IDEHU) National Research Council (CONICET), Junín 956, 1113 Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Trichinellosis is an important food-borne zoonosis which is not treated as a major public health concern in Argentina. After more than 20 years without reports of infection in an area regarded as Trichinella-free, research studies reported that infection occurred in humans, pigs and game animals, including the recent outbreak of ...
Mughini-Gras Lapo L National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Centre for Infectious Disease Control (CIb), Bilthoven, the - - 2014
Several case-control studies have investigated risk factors for human salmonellosis while others have used Salmonella subtyping to attribute human infections to different food and animal reservoirs. This study combined case-control and source attribution data into a single analysis to explore risk factors at the point of exposure for human salmonellosis ...
Wang Fumin F 0000-0003-1137-4465 Guangdong Provincial Wildlife Rescue Center, Guangzhou 510520, - - 2014
Sparganosis is a zoonotic disease caused by the spargana of Spirometra, and snake is one of the important intermediate hosts of spargana. In some areas of China, snake is regarded as popular delicious food, and such a food habit potentially increases the prevalence of human sparganosis. To understand the prevalence ...
Babin Aurélie A Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, , CH 1015 Lausanne, - - 2014
While learning to avoid toxic food is common in mammals and occurs in some insects, learning to avoid cues associated with infectious pathogens has received little attention. We demonstrate that Drosophila melanogaster show olfactory learning in response to infection with their virulent intestinal pathogen Pseudomonas entomophila. This pathogen was not ...
Udegbunam Sunday Ositadinma SO Department of Veterinary Surgery, University of Nigeria, Nsukka 400001, - - 2014
Staphylococcal ocular infections of food animals have been somewhat under diagnosed probably due to the ubiquitous nature of staphylococcal organisms. This study was undertaken to determine the occurrence of staphylococcal ocular infections of food producing animals in Nsukka Southeast, Nigeria, and to determine the antibiogram of the isolated staphylococci. A ...
Kadariya Jhalka J 0000-0002-8286-2514 Department of Biostatistics, Environmental Health Sciences and Epidemiology, Kent State University, College of Public Health, 750 Hilltop Drive, Kent, OH 44242, - - 2014
Staphylococcal food-borne disease (SFD) is one of the most common food-borne diseases worldwide resulting from the contamination of food by preformed S. aureus enterotoxins. It is one of the most common causes of reported food-borne diseases in the United States. Although several Staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) have been identified, SEA, a ...
Terefe Yitagele Y College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University. - - 2014
Taenia saginata cysticercosis is one of the zoonotic diseases that threaten food safety and food security, particularly in developing countries. A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and cyst distribution in infected cattle, and food safety implications of Taenia saginata cysticercosis in Harari People's National Regional State, eastern ...
Al-Shaar L L Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, - - 2014
A study was conducted to determine risk factors associated with brucellosis infection in an outbreak in Chouf district of Lebanon during summer 2009. Cases of brucellosis reported to the Ministry of Public Health were identified, and for each case 2 controls were matched by sex, age and residence. Sociodemographic data, ...
Knapik Joseph J - - 2014
Foot blisters are the most common medical problem faced by Soldiers during foot march operations and, if untreated, they can lead to infection. Foot blisters are caused by boots rubbing on the foot (frictional forces), which separates skin layers and allows fluid to seep in. Blisters can be prevented by ...
Edelstein Michael M Public Health Agency of Sweden and European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training (EPIET), European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, - - 2014
In June-July 2013, six counties notified the Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control of enterohaemorrhagic E.coli (EHEC) infections among attendees at a hotel in Dalarna, Sweden. An outbreak control team investigated to identify the source and implement control measures. We included individuals who attended the hotel between June 19th-25th in ...
Fairfax Marilynn R MR Department of Pathology, Wayne State University School of Medicine Detroit, MI, USA ; Clinical Microbiology Division, Detroit Medical Center University Laboratories Detroit, MI, - - 2014
Weissella confusa is found in fermented foods and has been suggested as a probiotic, but also causes sepsis and other serious infections in humans and animals. The incidence of human infections is underestimated partly due to confusion with viridans streptococci and partly due to difficulty making a definitive identification, even ...
Sokolow Susanne H SH Ecology Evolution and Marine Biology Department, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106. Electronic address: - - 2013
Human schistosomiasis is a common parasitic disease endemic in many tropical and subtropical countries. One barrier to achieving long-term control of this disease has been re-infection of treated patients when they swim, bathe, or wade in surface fresh water infested with snails that harbor and release larval parasites. Because some ...
Bøås H H Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Oslo, - - 2013
SUMMARY Studies investigating the association between Enterobius vermicularis and allergic conditions have shown conflicting results. This study was conducted to test for any such associations in Norwegian children. Parents were asked to answer questionnaires concerning their children's history of allergies, wheezing or eczema and pinworm infections. Current pinworm infections were ...
Dianne Lucile - - 2013
Larvae of many trophically-transmitted parasites alter the behaviour of their intermediate host in ways that increase their probability of transmission to the next host in their life cycle. Before reaching a stage that is infective to the next host, parasite larvae may develop through several larval stages in the intermediate ...
Colli Cristiane Maria - - 2013
In this study, the prevalence and risk factors for enteroparasites were determined in food handlers from Maringá, Paraná State, southern Brazil. Fecal and subungual materials of 150 street food vendors were analyzed by the methods of Lutz, Faust, and Mello, respectively. A questionnaire on hygiene and sanitary conditions of the ...
Fuchs Benjamin - - 2013
Endophytic fungi in cool-season grass species produce herbivore-toxic alkaloids, which are assumed to harm higher trophic levels along food chains. Previous studies have shown fitness disadvantages for higher trophic levels that feed on aphids that were exclusively reared on perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) infected with the endophytic fungus Neotyphodium lolii. ...
Chow Jason - - 2013
Preoperative cleansing of a patient's skin with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) in alcohol is superior to cleansing with povidone-iodine for preventing surgical site infection (SSI) after clean-contaminated surgery (Darouilche et al 2010). However, 2% CHG in 70% alcohol, tinted pink, is colourless when applied to limbs for surgery and complete coverage ...
Omotayo Abiodun Olusola AO Department of Agricultural Economics, University of lbadan, - - 2013
This study examined the effect of malaria morbidity and associated incapacitation on the welfare of farming households. Multi-stage random sampling procedure was used for sampling 120 farming households and data were analyzed using both descriptive and multiple regression techniques. The findings show that 33.33% used mosquito nets to prevent malaria, ...
Robertson Lucy J - - 2013
Globalisation is a manmade phenomenon encompassing the spread and movement of everything, animate and inanimate, material and intangible, around the planet. The intentions of globalisation may be worthy - but may also have unintended consequences. Pathogens may also be spread, enabling their establishment in new niches and exposing new human ...
Metz Jack - - 2013
Reports from some Western countries indicate that mandatory folate food fortification (FFF) has substantially reduced the prevalence of folate deficiency, leading to calls for folate testing following FFF to be limited to specific indications such as macrocytic anaemia. This is premature for low-income countries, where folate deficiency is predominantly the ...
Tuladhar Era - - 2013
Human norovirus (NoV) contaminated hands are important routes for transmission. Quantitative data on transfer during contact with surfaces and food are scarce but necessary for a quantitative risk assessment. Therefore, transfer of MNV1 and human NoVs GI.4 and GII.4 was studied by artificially contaminating human finger pads, followed by pressing ...
Popoola Jacob O - - 2013
All parts of Moringa oleifera are medicinally valuable with overlapping uses in treating myriads of ailments and diseases including body pains and weakness, fever, asthma, cough, blood pressure, arthritis, diabetes, epilepsy, wound, and skin infection. Moringa also has robust ability to challenge terminal diseases such as HIV/AIDs infections, chronic anaemia, ...
Maritschnik Sabine - - 2013
On October 12, 2012, the provincial public health directorate of Salzburg reported a suspected norovirus (NV) outbreak among guests of a wedding-reception. The investigation aimed to confirm the causative agent, to identify the mode of transmission and to implement appropriate preventive measures. A probable outbreak case was defined as a ...
Gaulin Colette - - 2013
In January 2011, multiple acute gastroenteritis outbreaks that spanned many days and were related to attendance at funerals were reported to public health units in Quebec. An epidemiological investigation was initiated to identify the source of the contamination and to explain the extent of the contamination over time. Thirty-one cohorts ...
Nieuwenhuizen Natalie E - - 2013
Anisakis is a parasitic nematode which infects fish and marine invertebrates, including crustaceans and molluscs. Ingestion of contaminated seafood can cause acute gastrointestinal diseases. Infection can be accompanied by severe allergic reactions such as urticaria, angioedema and anaphylaxis. Diagnosis of allergy due to Anisakis currently relies on the detection of ...
Abdel-Dayem Muna - - 2013
Intestinal parasitic and bacterial infections constitute a major health issue in developing countries. The present study investigates and assesses infection rates among food handlers with intestinal parasites and microbial agents in luxurious hotels in the Dead Sea area of Jordan. A total of 901 stool samples were collected from food ...
Hoover Dallas G - - 2013
Clostridium difficile is a human intestinal pathogen most frequently involved in diarrheal illnesses following the administration of antibiotics. There is growing concern that some C difficile infections (CDI) may be acquired from ingestion of C difficile spores in contaminated foods. The number of CDI cases is increasing with a heightening ...
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