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Results 451 - 500 of 1002
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Wang Jing - - 2006
The area northwest of Beijing is one of the most important regions where many organizations invest and pay most attention. The environmental problems in this region affect not only Beijing but also the surrounding area. Based on observation of the characteristics of the change in sandy land, this study classified ...
Zhang Wenjun - - 2006
More and more lands worldwide are being cultivated for food production while forests are disappearing at an unprecedented rate. This paper aims to make a long-term forecast on land uses worldwide and provide the public, researchers, and government officials with a clear profile for land uses in the future. Data ...
Frison Emile A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In spite of the strides made globally in reducing hunger, the problems of micronutrient deficiencies and coexisting obesity and related cardiovascular and degenerative diseases constitute a formidable challenge for the future. Attempts to reverse this trend with single-nutrient intervention strategies have met with limited success, resulting in renewed calls ...
Biffa Demelash - - 2006
Small ruminants represent an important component of the Ethiopian livestock production system, providing 12% of the value of livestock products consumed at the farm level and 48% of the cash income generated. Ethiopia is second in Africa and sixth in the world in terms of sheep population. The country has, ...
Bhalla Prem L - - 2006
Wheat is one of the major staple food crops grown worldwide; however, productivity in cereal crops has not kept pace with the world population growth. A significant increase in wheat production (>40% by 2020) is needed simply to keep up with the growing demand. This increase is unlikely to be ...
Sautter C - - 2006
Plant biotechnology can make important contributions to food security and nutritional improvement. For example, the development of 'Golden Rice' by Professor Ingo Potrykus was a milestone in the application of gene technology to deliver both increased nutritional qualities and health improvement to wide sections of the human population. Mineral nutrient ...
Roberts Kathy S - - 2006
The complex issues surrounding the application of genetic engineering to food and agriculture have generated a contentious debate among diverse interest groups. One pervasive dimension in the resultant discourse is the varying perceptions of the risks and benefits of genetically engineered foods and crops. In the risk communication model, technical ...
Drucker A G - - 2006
Livestock diversity contributes in many ways to human survival and well-being, while its loss reduces options for attaining sustainable agriculture and universal food security. The current rapid rate of loss of this diversity is the result of a number of underlying factors. While in some cases changes in production systems ...
Schmidt Markus R - - 2006
The biogeographical centers of origin of important food crops-called Vavilov centers-are considered to be crucial sources of genetic diversity for present and future crop-breeding programs and thus for human food safety worldwide. Global environmental change and more intensified modes of crop production may cause genetic erosion (loss of traditional crop ...
Nestel Penelope - - 2006
Deficiencies of vitamin A, iron, and zinc affect over one-half of the world's population. Progress has been made to control micronutrient deficiencies through supplementation and food fortification, but new approaches are needed, especially to reach the rural poor. Biofortification (enriching the nutrition contribution of staple crops through plant breeding) is ...
Vallat B - - 2006
As an effect of increased globalisation, animal diseases, in particular those transmissible to man, have an immediate global economic and social impact. This fact, dramatically illustrated by the current avian influenza epizootic in South-East Asia and Eastern Europe, clearly demonstrates the crucial importance of the national Veterinary Services (VS) for ...
Pretty J N - - 2006
Despite great recent progress, hunger and poverty remain widespread and agriculturally driven environmental damage is widely prevalent. The idea of agricultural sustainability centers on the need to develop technologies and practices that do not have adverse effects on environmental goods and services, and that lead to improvements in food productivity. ...
Huang Jikun - - 2006
There is concern about the extent to which consumers will accept genetically modified (GM) foods if they are commercialized in China. The evidence from the existing literature is mixed and sometimes confusing. The objective of this study is to conduct a large in-depth face-to-face in-house survey that examines the consumers' ...
Semioshkina Natalia - - 2006
The Semipalatinsk Test Site (STS) in Kazakhstan was one of the major sites used by the former USSR for testing nuclear weapons for more than 40 years. Since the early 1990s, agricultural activities have been re-established there by neighbouring collective and private farms. Therefore, it has become important to evaluate ...
Alexandratos Nikos - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To put the debate on the Mediterranean diet in context by highlighting historical and prospective changes in the level and composition of food consumption in the world and key Mediterranean countries. DESIGN: Data from FAO's food balance sheets are used to illustrate historical evolution. Projections to 2030 are presented ...
Nazeer Hussain Shah
Poverty is the worst problem faced by the masses of Pakistan in general and by the masses of her North West Frontier Province (NWFP) in particular. Wheat is the staple food of the people of NWFP but it is always dependent on Punjab, the neighbouring province, for the wheat supply, ...
Dicko Mahamet
According to several studies on the improvement of cereals varieties, in order to respond to the variability of the local conditions and production objectives, farmers in Sikasso (Southern Mali) grew several varieties of maize representing different characteristics. Always within the framework of the promotion of this culture we have led ...
M. Hussain
Maize, the leading world cereal is the third most important cereal in Pakistan following Wheat and Rice. Although, its direct utilization as human food (25%) is declining, its industrial (29%) and feed (35%) use is increasing. The normal maize lacks two of six essential amino acids, that is, lysine and ...
International Crops Research Institute ...
Total population of Vietnam is 82 million as of today. It is expected to increase to 95 million by 2010 and 126 million by 2020. With increasing demand for food in future, the pressure on uplands and midlands of northern Vietnam would increase to produce more food for millions of ...
TIVOLI, B.
Necrotrophic pathogens of the cool season food legumes (pea, lentil, chickpea, faba bean and lupin) cause wide spread disease and severe crop losses throughout the world. Environmental conditions play an important role in the development and spread of these diseases. Form of inoculum, inoculum concentration and physiological plant growth stage ...
Rajyalakshmi N V - - 2006
An approach for computing the instantaneous unit hydrograph of rice agriculture dominated watesheds is proposed using the topology and hydraulic charcterstics of its stream network and the hydrologic behaviour of the rice agriculture area. The effect of rice agriculture on the watershed response is considered as partial sink areas. The ...
Todd Ewen C D - - 2006
Surveillance systems for foodborne disease vary in capacity by country, especially for marine-related illnesses. Generally, the more developed the country is, the more funding that is put into its surveillance programs, but no country has an outstanding system that could serve as a model for all others. An additional problem ...
Rivera Diego - - 2006
Ethnobotanical approaches to the study of Mediterranean food plants offer novel ways for analyzing and preserving traditional knowledge and agrobiodiversity in the Mediterranean area. This article highlights our strategy to increase the awareness within traditional knowledge systems and encourage the continuous evolution of it, avoiding the loss of substantial parts ...
Heinrich Michael - - 2006
Food use is changing very fast all over the world. This and other changes (e.g. reduced physical activity, increased longevity) result in novel health risks for the populations in European countries and beyond. Also, in recent decades the convenience food market has grown dramatically and offers novel opportunities for small ...
Jensen Helen H - - 2006
Consumers world-wide are driving changes in the agriculture and food sector. Rising consumer income, changing demographics and lifestyles, and shifting preferences due to new information about the links between diet and health all contribute to new demands for foods. At the same time, technological changes in production, processing and distribution, ...
Sharma Kiran Kumar - - 2006
Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.], also known as redgram, is one of the major grain legume (pulses) crops grown in the semiarid tropics (SAT) extending between 30 degrees N and 30 degrees S; it is the second most important food legume of India. It is cultivated in about 50 countries ...
Savary Serge - - 2006
This review considers the cascade of events that link injuries caused by plant pathogens on crop stands to possible (quantitative and qualitative) crop losses (damage), and to the resulting economic losses. To date, much research has focused on injury control to prevent this cascade of events from occurring. However, this ...
Wang Zongming - - 2006
Agricultural activities, especially reclamation, are considered major threats to the wetland ecosystems in Sanjiang Plain, the largest concentrated area of the freshwater wetlands in China. In the past decades, the area of the cultivated land and its grain production have been increased at the cost of wetlands shrinkage. The large-scale ...
Van Eck Joyce - - 2006
Eggplant is an economically important vegetable crop in Asia and Africa, and although it is grown in Europe and the United States, it does not account for a significant percentage of agricultural production. It is susceptible to a number of pathogens and insects, with bacterial and fungal wilts being the ...
Van Rijn Kiran - - 2006
The smallpox epidemic that swept through the colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia in 1862-63 was particularly devastating to the First Nations of the region. Colonists responded to the developments with a mixture of pity, revulsion, a smug sense of inevitability, and, above all, an overriding concern for their ...
Bernardo Theresa M - - 2006
Food systems educators face a double challenge: (1) the inherent change in scope and perspective from raising animals to producing safe food in an environmentally conscientious manner; and (2) the unprecedented demand for higher education, both nationally and internationally. In the modern world, small numbers of producers are capable of ...
London Douglas S - - 2006
Modernization of agricultural systems to increase output causes changes to the nutritional content of food entire populations consume. Human nutritional needs differ from their "food", thus producing healthy agricultural products is not equivalent to providing agricultural products that are healthy for humans. Inclusion of the food production system as a ...
Guarrera Paolo Maria - - 2006
Research was carried out in the years 2002-2003 into food, flavouring and feed folk traditions of plants in the Tyrrhenian part of the Basilicata region (southern Italy). This area was colonized in ancient times by Greeks. Data was collected through field interviews, especially of farmers. Field data were collected through ...
Galloway James N - - 2005
Food and energy production converts N2 to reactive N species that cascade through environmental reservoirs and in the process impact human and ecosystem health. This presentation will examine the impact of increased N mobilization on the global N cycle by contrasting N distribution in the late-19th century with those of ...
Abu Bakar Umi K - - 2005
Biotechnology-derived food crops are currently being developed in Malaysia mainly for disease resistance and improved post harvest quality. The modern biotechnology approach is adopted because of its potential to overcome constraints faced by conventional breeding techniques. Research on the development of biotechnology-derived papaya, pineapple, chili, passion fruit, and citrus is ...
Welch Ross M - - 2005
Deficiencies of micronutrients such as iron, zinc, and vitamin A afflict over three billion people (more than 50% of the world's population), most of them women, infants, and children in resource-poor families in the developing world. This global crisis in nutritional health is the result of dysfunctional food systems that ...
Kimura Makoto - - 2005
Reactive N is closely related to the global issues of climate change and regional pollutions. Nitrous oxide (N20), the fourth important gas among greenhouse gases, is produced as an intermediate in nitrification and denitrification processes. As methane (CH4) is the end product in the anoxic decomposition of organic materials, mitigation ...
Zhu Zhaoliang - - 2005
Asia is the major consumer of fertilizer nitrogen and energy in the world, and consequently shares a considerable proportion of the world creation of reactive nitrogen (Nr). However, if estimated on per capita basis, Asia is characterized by a lower arable land area, fertilizer nitrogen consumption, energy consumption, and gross ...
Syers John Keith - - 2005
Asia embraces a wide range of cropping environments, largely related to the diversity of climate. To meet the high food requirements of a very large population (some 59% of the earth's total) large inputs of mineral N fertilizer are required (44.2 Tg N x yr(-1) in the mid 1990s). However, ...
Long Stephen P - - 2005
Predictions of yield for the globe's major grain and legume arable crops suggest that, with a moderate temperature increase, production may increase in the temperate zone, but decline in the tropics. In total, global food supply may show little change. This security comes from inclusion of the direct effect of ...
Fischer Günther - - 2005
A comprehensive assessment of the impacts of climate change on agro-ecosystems over this century is developed, up to 2080 and at a global level, albeit with significant regional detail. To this end an integrated ecological-economic modelling framework is employed, encompassing climate scenarios, agro-ecological zoning information, socio-economic drivers, as well as ...
Porter John R - - 2005
The yield and quality of food crops is central to the well being of humans and is directly affected by climate and weather. Initial studies of climate change on crops focussed on effects of increased carbon dioxide (CO2) level and/or global mean temperature and/or rainfall and nutrition on crop production. ...
Verdin James - - 2005
Food security assessment in sub-Saharan Africa requires simultaneous consideration of multiple socio-economic and environmental variables. Early identification of populations at risk enables timely and appropriate action. Since large and widely dispersed populations depend on rainfed agriculture and pastoralism, climate monitoring and forecasting are important inputs to food security analysis. Satellite ...
Gregory P J - - 2005
Dynamic interactions between and within the biogeophysical and human environments lead to the production, processing, distribution, preparation and consumption of food, resulting in food systems that underpin food security. Food systems encompass food availability (production, distribution and exchange), food access (affordability, allocation and preference) and food utilization (nutritional and societal ...
Murphy M B - - 2006
The triazine herbicide atrazine has been suggested to be a potential disruptor of normal sexual development in male frogs. The goals of this study were to collect native ranid frogs from sites in agricultural and non-agricultural areas and determine whether hypothesised atrazine effects on the gonads could be observed at ...
Dillehay Tom D - - 2005
One of the most important developments in the existence of human society was the successful shift from a subsistence economy based on foraging to one primarily based on food production derived from cultivated plants and domesticated animals. The shift to plant food production occurred in only a few independent centers ...
Wang Yonghong - - 2005
China is the largest producer and consumer of rice in the world and a pioneer in applying hybrid rice technology. Although hybrid rice has contributed greatly to Chinese agriculture in the past decades, its potential to improve grain quality further is being questioned. However, to meet the challenges posed by ...
Primavera Jurgenne H - - 2005
Aquaculture, the farming of shrimp and other useful aquatic and marine plants and animals in artificially confined and tended ponds, pens, and cages, ranks as a phenomenal success story in global food production. In 1975, aquaculture contributed 8% to the overall yield of the world's fish harvest; now it provides ...
IMAAH, NAPOLEON ONO
The flood of Rural-Urban drift continues to flow in favour of the urban areas, paradoxically, as food flows from the rural areas into urban areas. This poses a dilemma of tragic proportions: people desert the villages to death and over-populate the urban areas to explosion, forgetting that life or death ...
Syers John Keith - - 2005
Asia embraces a wide range of cropping environments, largely related to the diversity of climate. To meet the high food requirements of a very large population (some 59% of the earth's total) large inputs of mineral N fertilizer are required (44.2 Tg N x yr(-1) in the mid 1990 s). ...
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