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Galloway James N - - 2005
Food and energy production converts N2 to reactive N species that cascade through environmental reservoirs and in the process impact human and ecosystem health. This presentation will examine the impact of increased N mobilization on the global N cycle by contrasting N distribution in the late-19th century with those of ...
Abu Bakar Umi K - - 2005
Biotechnology-derived food crops are currently being developed in Malaysia mainly for disease resistance and improved post harvest quality. The modern biotechnology approach is adopted because of its potential to overcome constraints faced by conventional breeding techniques. Research on the development of biotechnology-derived papaya, pineapple, chili, passion fruit, and citrus is ...
Welch Ross M - - 2005
Deficiencies of micronutrients such as iron, zinc, and vitamin A afflict over three billion people (more than 50% of the world's population), most of them women, infants, and children in resource-poor families in the developing world. This global crisis in nutritional health is the result of dysfunctional food systems that ...
Kimura Makoto - - 2005
Reactive N is closely related to the global issues of climate change and regional pollutions. Nitrous oxide (N20), the fourth important gas among greenhouse gases, is produced as an intermediate in nitrification and denitrification processes. As methane (CH4) is the end product in the anoxic decomposition of organic materials, mitigation ...
Zhu Zhaoliang - - 2005
Asia is the major consumer of fertilizer nitrogen and energy in the world, and consequently shares a considerable proportion of the world creation of reactive nitrogen (Nr). However, if estimated on per capita basis, Asia is characterized by a lower arable land area, fertilizer nitrogen consumption, energy consumption, and gross ...
Syers John Keith - - 2005
Asia embraces a wide range of cropping environments, largely related to the diversity of climate. To meet the high food requirements of a very large population (some 59% of the earth's total) large inputs of mineral N fertilizer are required (44.2 Tg N x yr(-1) in the mid 1990s). However, ...
Long Stephen P - - 2005
Predictions of yield for the globe's major grain and legume arable crops suggest that, with a moderate temperature increase, production may increase in the temperate zone, but decline in the tropics. In total, global food supply may show little change. This security comes from inclusion of the direct effect of ...
Fischer Günther - - 2005
A comprehensive assessment of the impacts of climate change on agro-ecosystems over this century is developed, up to 2080 and at a global level, albeit with significant regional detail. To this end an integrated ecological-economic modelling framework is employed, encompassing climate scenarios, agro-ecological zoning information, socio-economic drivers, as well as ...
Porter John R - - 2005
The yield and quality of food crops is central to the well being of humans and is directly affected by climate and weather. Initial studies of climate change on crops focussed on effects of increased carbon dioxide (CO2) level and/or global mean temperature and/or rainfall and nutrition on crop production. ...
Verdin James - - 2005
Food security assessment in sub-Saharan Africa requires simultaneous consideration of multiple socio-economic and environmental variables. Early identification of populations at risk enables timely and appropriate action. Since large and widely dispersed populations depend on rainfed agriculture and pastoralism, climate monitoring and forecasting are important inputs to food security analysis. Satellite ...
Gregory P J - - 2005
Dynamic interactions between and within the biogeophysical and human environments lead to the production, processing, distribution, preparation and consumption of food, resulting in food systems that underpin food security. Food systems encompass food availability (production, distribution and exchange), food access (affordability, allocation and preference) and food utilization (nutritional and societal ...
Murphy M B - - 2006
The triazine herbicide atrazine has been suggested to be a potential disruptor of normal sexual development in male frogs. The goals of this study were to collect native ranid frogs from sites in agricultural and non-agricultural areas and determine whether hypothesised atrazine effects on the gonads could be observed at ...
Dillehay Tom D - - 2005
One of the most important developments in the existence of human society was the successful shift from a subsistence economy based on foraging to one primarily based on food production derived from cultivated plants and domesticated animals. The shift to plant food production occurred in only a few independent centers ...
Wang Yonghong - - 2005
China is the largest producer and consumer of rice in the world and a pioneer in applying hybrid rice technology. Although hybrid rice has contributed greatly to Chinese agriculture in the past decades, its potential to improve grain quality further is being questioned. However, to meet the challenges posed by ...
Primavera Jurgenne H - - 2005
Aquaculture, the farming of shrimp and other useful aquatic and marine plants and animals in artificially confined and tended ponds, pens, and cages, ranks as a phenomenal success story in global food production. In 1975, aquaculture contributed 8% to the overall yield of the world's fish harvest; now it provides ...
IMAAH, NAPOLEON ONO
The flood of Rural-Urban drift continues to flow in favour of the urban areas, paradoxically, as food flows from the rural areas into urban areas. This poses a dilemma of tragic proportions: people desert the villages to death and over-populate the urban areas to explosion, forgetting that life or death ...
Syers John Keith - - 2005
Asia embraces a wide range of cropping environments, largely related to the diversity of climate. To meet the high food requirements of a very large population (some 59% of the earth's total) large inputs of mineral N fertilizer are required (44.2 Tg N x yr(-1) in the mid 1990 s). ...
Purchase Iain F H - - 2005
It has been predicted that by 2025 there will be an annual shortfall of cereals for feeding the human population of 68.5 million tones. One possible solution is the use of genetically modified (GM) crops, which are already grown extensively (59 million ha of GM crops were planted in 2002) ...
Zhu Zhaoliang - - 2005
Asia is the major consumer of fertilizer nitrogen and energy in the world, and consequently shares a considerable proportion of the world creation of reactive nitrogen (Nr). However, if estimated on per capita basis, Asia is characterized by a lower arable land area, fertilizer nitrogen consumption, energy consumption, and gross ...
Puste A M - - 2005
In wetland ecosystem, nitrogen along with other elements and its management is most imperative for the production of so many aquatic food, non-food and beneficial medicinal plants and for the improvement of soil and water characteristics. With great significant importance of INM (integrated nutrient management) as sources, emphasizing on management ...
Kimura Makoto - - 2005
Reactive N is closely related to the global issues of climate change and regional pollutions. Nitrous oxide (N(2)O), the fourth important gas among greenhouse gases, is produced as an intermediate in nitrification and denitrification processes. As methane (CH(4)) is the end product in the anoxic decomposition of organic materials, mitigation ...
Galloway James N - - 2005
Food and energy production converts N(2) to reactive N species that cascade through environmental reservoirs and in the process impact human and ecosystem health. This presentation will examine the impact of increased N mobilization on the global N cycle by contrasting N distribution in the late-19th century with those of ...
Englberger Lois - - 2005
The establishment of the Island Food Community of Pohnpei, a non-governmental organization (NGO) based in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, presents a new approach for promoting Pacific Island food for its health and many other benefits. Its vision is holistic, stressing the importance of island food for sustainable development, economic ...
Tudge Colin - - 2005
Agriculture designed to make best use of landscape and to be maximally sustainable would also provide food of the highest nutritional and gastronomic standards, and would inevitably employ a great many people. Thus it would solve the world's food problems, and its principal social problem, at a stroke. But agriculture ...
Patt Anthony - - 2005
Improvements in the ability to model El Niño and other large-scale interannual climate variations have allowed for the development of seasonal climate forecasts, predicting rainfall and temperature anomalies for many places around the world. These forecasts have allowed developing countries to predict shortfalls in grain yields, with benefits for food ...
Gerbens-Leenes Winnie - - 2005
This paper assesses the relationship between food consumption patterns and the use of agricultural land. First, it calculates the amount of land needed to produce singular foods, and second, it assesses land requirements of food consumption patterns. The paper observes large differences among requirements for specific foods. Especially livestock products, ...
Segers Yves - - 2005
The first edition of Ons Kookboek (Our Cookbook), also known as 'the culinary bible of Flanders', was published in 1927 by the Belgian Women Farmers' Union. By 2000, an estimated 2.3 million copies had been sold. This exceptionally successful and long-running series of cookbooks represents a unique source of the ...
This paper will mainly focus on the Western Africa Marine Eco-Region, (WAMER) composed of Mauritania, Senegal, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau and Guinea. Since all the countries in this eco-region, except The Gambia, have fisheries agreements with the European Union (EU), they provide an interesting example of ACP-EU relations in ...
Foley Jonathan A - - 2005
Land use has generally been considered a local environmental issue, but it is becoming a force of global importance. Worldwide changes to forests, farmlands, waterways, and air are being driven by the need to provide food, fiber, water, and shelter to more than six billion people. Global croplands, pastures, plantations, ...
Anaeto, CF; Department Of ...
This paper specifically outlines the contribution of indigenous knowledge (IK) to the conservation and utilization of biodiversity and enhancement of livelihood in South East Nigeria. It enumerates the importance, usefulness and typical examples of indigenous knowledge in use in South East Nigeria. It also looks at the problems of indigenous ...
Soleri Daniela - - 2005
Genetically engineered transgenic crop varieties (TGVs) have spread rapidly in the last 10 years, increasingly to traditionally-based agricultural systems (TBAS) of the Third World both as seed and food. Proponents claim they are key to reducing hunger and negative environmental impacts of agriculture. Opponents claim they will have the opposite ...
White Philip - - 2005
This paper examines the 1998-2000 'border' war between Eritrea and Ethiopia and its continuing legacies from the perspective of food security. Focusing on the food crisis that hit both countries during the same period and was allowed to develop into a famine in southeast Ethiopia, it argues that this was ...
Hawkes Corinna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the nutrition transition, focusing on highly processed foods. DESIGN: Data on FDI were identified from reports/databases and then compiled and analysed. A review of published literature on FDI into the food sector was conducted. SETTING: The nutrition transition is ...
Pantuliano Sara - - 2005
This paper provides an analysis of the Nuba Mountains Programme Advancing Conflict Trans-formation (NMPACT) as an example of an operational response in a complex emergency that innovatively addressed an incipient food security crisis. NMPACT is notable for having brought together an array of actors around a common principled agenda and ...
Geoff Dickson, Grant Schofield
Westernised countries are currently in the midst of an obesity epidemic, and developing nations such as China are already showing signs of a similar crisis. We contend that additional increases in caloric intake and declines in physical activity within the Chinese population are likely the consequences of marketing leverage created ...
Monnet Dominique L - - 2005
Recent studies have shown large differences in the use of antibacterial agents among European countries. We found a relationship between community consumption and the number of trade names of oral antibacterial agents. This relationship was observed in countries in which consumption was high, as well as in countries in which ...
Ohlsson Bo - - 2005
In 1998, the Vietnamese National Assembly approved a Five Million Hectare Reforestation Program, (5MHRP) 1998-2010. It would increase forest cover by some 45%, use barren hills, produce wood, and generate socioeconomic development. It would, however, also put demands on Vietnamese planning. Experiences from a former development project and two case ...
Scott N R - - 2005
Nanotechnology, as a new enabling technology, has the potential to revolutionise agriculture and food systems in the United States of America and throughout the world. Examples of potential applications of nanotechnology in the science and engineering of agriculture and food systems include disease treatment delivery systems, new tools for molecular ...
Finucane Melissa L - - 2005
The rapid globalization of the world economy has increased the need for an astute understanding of cultural differences in perceptions, values, and ways of thinking about new food technologies. In this paper, we describe how socio-psychological and cultural factors may affect public perceptions of the risk of genetically modified (GM) ...
Gianessi Leonard P - - 2005
More than 95% of United States maize, cotton, soybean and sugarbeet acres are treated with herbicides for weed control. These products are used to improve the economic profitability of crop production for farmers. Since their introduction in 1996, over 75 million acres of genetically engineered glyphosate-resistant crops have been planted, ...
Muir James - - 2005
Aquaculture has been one of the most rapid and technically innovative of food production sectors globally, with significant investment, scientific and technical development and production growth in many parts of the world over the past two decades. While this has had a significant effect on the global supply of aquatic ...
Fulford Martha - - 2005
An increasingly large proportion of immigrants to developed countries is arriving from less developed countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. When these immigrants return to their country of origin to visit friends and relatives, they are at high risk of acquiring tropical infections, compared with other travelers. Immigrants who ...
Mao Xiao-yun - - 2005
Fertilizers contribute greatly to high yields but also result in environmental non-point contamination, including the emission of greenhouse gas (N2O) and eutrophication of water bodies. How to solve this problem has become a serious challenge, especially for China as its high ecological pressure. Controlled-release fertilizer(CRF) has been developed to minimize ...
Vandecasteele C M - - 2005
In the case of radioactive contamination of the environment with an impact on the food chain, the remediation strategy will not only be based on scientific knowledge and technical experience, but will also be dictated by peculiarities of the country. These characteristics include the agro-industrial structure, the local and international ...
Hernández Teresita B - - 2005
The globalization of obesity is not a myth. Scientific and technologic advances have increased food production and availability while decreasing demand for physical activity. These developments, in turn, have contributed to peoples' cognitive and behavioral relationship with food selection and consumption. The more you see, the more you want. Although ...
Hatibu N - - 2005
Rainfed agriculture and other depletion of water by green flows have as yet an untapped potential for improving livelihoods in semi-arid areas through income and food security. A vivid evidence of this is seen in the fact that, although working full time on food production, majority of smallholder farmers are ...
Gerber Pierre - - 2005
Under growing and urbanizing demand, livestock production is rapidly evolving in South, East and South-east Asia, with both an increase of production and a shift to intensive production systems. These changes infer impacts on the environment, on public health and on rural development. Environmental impacts are mainly associated with a ...
Jullien T - - 2005
The Chernobyl accident led to a long-term crisis that affected agriculture, food and living conditions in complex ways, and that modified the usual economical, political and social relations between public and private stakeholders at local, national and international level. The EC FARMING project aims to create a European stakeholder network ...
Norris Robert F - - 2005
Weeds and arthropods interact in agricultural systems. Weeds can directly serve as food sources or provide other ecosystem resources for herbivorous arthropods, and indirectly serve carnivorous (beneficial) arthropods by providing food and shelter to their prey. Weeds can serve as alternative hosts for pest and beneficial arthropods when their preferred ...
Greven M - - 2005
With a fast change of land use in Marlborough from extensive pastoral farming to intensive irrigated viticulture, a need has risen to investigate the sustainable use of the available water. In 2001 a 5 ha irrigation research project was installed in a Marlborough Sauvignon Blanc vineyard. Irrigation treatments installed were ...
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