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Shimizu Shunsuke S Laboratory of Regulatory Biology, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, University of Toyama, 3190-Gofuku, Toyama, Toyama 930-8555, - - 2014
Orexin is a potent orexigenic peptide implicated in appetite regulation in rodents. However, except for teleost fish, the involvement of orexin in the regulation of feeding in non-mammalian vertebrates has not been well studied. Anuran amphibian larvae feed and grow during the pre- and prometamorphic stages. Therefore, orexigenic factors seem ...
Kerambrun E E University of Lille Nord de France, Lille, France, - - 2014
The objective of the present study is to examine the growth and energetic performance of juvenile turbot after exposure to contaminated sediment and during the subsequent recovery period with or without food limitation. We designed a two-step experiment by first exposing juvenile turbot to harbour sediment for 26 days and then ...
Philpott Hamish H Gastroenterology, Box Hill Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is conceptualised as a chronic antigen driven disease, whereby food and/or aeroallergens stimulate an eosinophil-rich infiltrate in the esophagus that produces the clinical syndrome of dysphagia, feeding difficulties (in young children) and food bolus obstruction(1, 2). EoE was first recognised as a distinct clinical entity only recently, ...
Zhang J J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common reproductive endocrinology disease with heterogeneous phenotype. Environmental factors are thought to be involved in the development of PCOS. The present study aimed to explore the potential environmental risk factors of PCOS. A cross-sectional study and stratified population-based case-control study were carried out. Pre-designed ...
Herrera-Ponce A A The Graduate School, Graduate Program in Food Technology, Autonomous University of Chihuahua, University Circuit 1, Chihuahua, 31125, - - 2014
Functional foods targeting the improvement of gastrointestinal health are widely recognized; of these dairy-based probiotics are the most popular. Thus, the design of non-dairy probiotics applying fruits, vegetables and cereals has raised great interest in the healthy food sector. The objective of this work was to assess the potential of ...
Rosenfeld Jordan J Fisheries Science Section, B.C. Ministry of Environment, University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, Canada, V6T - - 2014
1) Mass-specific standard metabolic rate (SMR, or maintenance metabolism) varies greatly among individuals. Metabolism is particularly sensitive to variation in food consumption and growth creating the potential for significant bias in measured SMR for animals that are growing (e.g. juveniles) or of uncertain nutritional status. 2) Consequently, interpreting individual variation ...
Zhu Yanbo - - 2014
To explore the relationships between different lifestyle-behavioral factors and phlegm-wetness type of Traditional Chinese Medicine constitution, so as to provide health management strategies for phlegm-wetness constitution. A case-control study was conducted with the cases selected from the database of Chinese constitution survey in 9 provinces or municipalities of China. 1380 ...
Paquet Catherine C Spatial Epidemiology and Evaluation Research Group, School of Population Health, Sansom Institute for Health Research, City East Campus, University of South Australia, Internal Post Code CWE-48, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide 5001, SA, Australia; Research Centre of the Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Verdun, QC, Canada H4H 1R2. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated whether residential environment characteristics related to food (unhealthful/healthful food sources ratio), walkability and public open spaces (POS; number, median size, greenness and type) were associated with incidence of four cardio-metabolic risk factors (pre-diabetes/diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, abdominal obesity) in a biomedical cohort (n=3205). Results revealed that the risk of ...
Krams Indrikis I Institute of Systematic Biology, University of Daugavpils, 5401, Daugavpils, Latvia; Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, 51014, Tartu, - - 2014
The resources available to an individual in any given environment are finite, and variation in life history traits reflect differential allocation of these resources to competing life functions. Nutritional quality of food is of particular importance in these life history decisions. In this study we tested trade-offs among growth, immunity ...
Wansink Brian B Director Cornell Food and Brand Lab, Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management at Cornell University, 114 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examines what factors impact the adoption of certain types of healthy foods, such as Tofu, by future nutritional gatekeepers. Information on perceived facilitators and barriers to the utilization of barriers would be obtained via interviews and surveys. In-depth laddering interviews and an online survey during 2012 were utilized. ...
Nasreddine Lara - - 2014
To examine the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and their association with dietary variables in the Lebanese population while reviewing secular trends in the population's nutritional intakes and nutrition-related CVD risk factors. Data on CVD risk factors and food consumption patterns in Lebanon were collected from scholarly papers, ...
Portella André Krumel AK Hospital da Criança Santo Antônio, Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Fetal growth restriction results from a failure to achieve a higher growth potential and has been associated with many maternal conditions, such as chronic diseases (infections, hypertension, and some cases of diabetes and obesity), exposures (tobacco smoke, drugs), and malnutrition. This early adversity induces a series of adaptive physiological responses ...
Estima Camilla C P CC Post Graduate Program in Applied Human Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences (PRONUT), University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Describe cross-cultural differences in nutrition-related factors among adolescents from São Paulo, Brazil and St Paul-Minneapolis, US. Two large-population-based studies with cross-cultural comparisons. Twelve São Paulo and 10 St Paul-Minneapolis high schools in 2009-2010. A total of 1,148 adolescents from São Paulo and 1,632 adolescents from St Paul-Minneapolis. Meal consumption, family ...
Gucht Dinska Van DV KU Leuven, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Centre for the Psychology of Learning and Experimental Psychopathology, Tiensestraat 102 - Bus 3712, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; Thomas More University College Antwerp, Jozef De Bomstraat 11, 2018 Antwerp, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examined the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ), comparing the original three-factor model to a later-suggested two-factor model. We evaluated the construct validity of the ACQ by investigating the associations between the resulting factors and other eating-related questionnaires such as the Three ...
Baik M M Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
Nutritional conditions during the intrauterine stage are an important developmental programming factor that can affect the growth and metabolic status during foetal development and permanently alter the phenotypes of newborn offspring and adults. This study was performed to examine the effects of intrauterine catch-up growth (IUCG) on food intake, post-natal ...
Pando Rakefet R Sackler School of Medicine (R.P., B.S., M.P., G.G.-Y.), Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel; Felsentein Medical Research Center (B.S., M.P., G.G.-Y.), Petach Tikva 49100, Israel; and The Jesse Z. and Sara Lea Shafer Institute for Endocrinology and Diabetes (M.P., G.G.-Y.), National Center for Childhood Diabetes, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petach Tikva 49202, - - 2014
Proper nutrition in terms of calories and essential food components is required to maximize longitudinal growth in children. Our previous study showed that prepubertal male rats subjected to 10 days of 40% food restriction (RES) exhibited a dramatic reduction in weight and epiphyseal growth plate height, as well as changes ...
Crowley Nina N Bariatric Surgery Program, Medical University of South Carolina, 25 Courtenay Dr., Suite 7100 A, MSC 290, Charleston, SC, 29425, USA, - - 2014
Food cravings are common, more prevalent in the obese, and may differ in those who pursue surgical treatment for obesity. Food craving tools are most often validated in non-clinical, non-obese samples. In this retrospective study, 227 bariatric surgery candidates at a large medical center completed the Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait (FCQ-T). ...
Lieffers Jessica R L JR University of - - 2014
Purpose: A cross-sectional web-based survey of dietitians was used to explore topics related to mobile devices and their applications (apps) in Canadian dietetic practice. Methods: A survey was drafted, posted on SurveyMonkey, and pretested with dietitians and dietetic interns. Dietitians of Canada (DC), a supporter of this work, promoted the ...
Chinda Thanwadee T Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand. - - 2014
Thai food industry employs a massive number of skilled and unskilled workers. This may result in an industry with high incidences and accident rates. To improve safety and reduce the accident figures, this paper investigates factors influencing safety implementation in small, medium, and large food companies in Thailand. Five factors, ...
ALNohair Sultan S College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi - - 2014
Globally obesity has reached to epidemic proportions, and the people of the Gulf countries have also affected, especially high-income, oil-producing countries. The prevalence of obesity in Gulf Countries among children and adolescents ranges from 5% to 14% in males and from 3% to 18% in females. In adult females there ...
McCarty Mark F MF Catalytic Longevity, Carlsbad, California, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Increased fasting serum phosphate within the normal physiological range has been linked to increased cardiovascular risk in prospective epidemiology; increased production of fibroblast growth factor 23, and direct vascular effects of phosphate, may mediate this risk. Although dietary phosphate intake does not clearly influence fasting serum phosphate in individuals with ...
de Souza Bittencourt Liliane L Escola de Nutrição da Universidade Federal da Bahia. Av. Araújo Pinho 32, Canela. CEP 40.110-150 Salvador, Bahia, - - 2013
This cross-sectional study was conducted to find out the factors associated with food insecurity (FI) in households of the students aged 6-12 years in public schools of Salvador city, Bahia, Brazil. The study included 1,101 households. Food and nutritional insecurity was measured using the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale (BFIS). Data ...
Pansch Christian - - 2013
Energy availability and local adaptation are major components in mediating the effects of ocean acidification (OA) on marine species. In a long-term study, we investigated the effects of food availability and elevated pCO2 (~ 400, 1000 and 3000 μatm) on growth of newly settled Amphibalanus (Balanus) improvisus to reproduction, and ...
Hompes Stephanie - - 2013
Food-induced anaphylaxis (FIA) in adults is often insufficiently diagnosed. One reason is related to the presence of co-factors like exercise, alcohol, additives and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The objective of this analysis was to retrospectively investigate the role of co-factors in patients with FIA. 93 adult patients with suspected FIA underwent ...
Killen Shaun S - - 2013
While many ectothermic species can withstand prolonged fasting without mortality, food-deprivation may have sublethal effects of ecological importance, including reductions in locomotor ability. Little is known about how such changes in performance in individual animals are related either to mass loss during food-deprivation or growth rate during re-feeding. This study ...
Shimizu Shunsuke - - 2013
Ghrelin is a potent orexigenic peptide implicated in appetite regulation in rodents. However, except for teleost fish, the involvement of ghrelin in the regulation of feeding in non-mammalian vertebrates has not been well studied. Anuran amphibian larvae feed and grow during the pre- and prometamorphic stages, but, thereafter they stop ...
Gould L Hannah - - 2013
An estimated 48 million cases of foodborne illness occur each year in the United States, resulting in approximately 128,000 hospitalizations and 3,000 deaths. Over half of all foodborne disease outbreaks reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are associated with eating in restaurants or delicatessens. We reviewed data ...
Kennedy Katherine M - - 2013
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service compliance guideline known as Appendix B specifies chilling time and temperature limits for cured and uncured meat products to inhibit growth of spore-forming bacteria, particularly Clostridium perfringens. Sodium lactate and potassium lactate inhibit toxigenic growth of Clostridium botulinum, and inhibition ...
Deniņa I - - 2013
Use of stevia-derived sweeteners was recently officially approved by the European Commission, and their application in the food industry has increased, especially in functional foods. However, there are scarce data about the influence of stevia on probiotic bacteria, which are important both as an inhabitant of the human gut and ...
Sova Cassandra - - 2013
Food allergies affect up to 8% of American children. The current recommended treatment for food allergies is strict elimination of the allergens from the diet. Dietary elimination of nutrient-dense foods may result in inadequate nutrient intake and impaired growth. The purpose of this review was to critically analyze available research ...
Liu Chen - - 2013
To diagnose environmental nitrogen (N) load from food consumption and to suggest preventive measures, this study identified relationships between nitrogen load from food consumption and driving factors by examining six representative countries and regions for the period 1970-2009 as an example. The logarithmic mean Divisia index technique was used to ...
Caldwell Lucius K - - 2013
To determine how energy balance affects metabolic hormones hypothesized to play a role in the onset of a new reproductive cycle in iteroparous salmonids, food availability after spawning was restricted in female rainbow trout. These fish were compared with a control group that was fed a standard brood stock ration. ...
Orizaola Germán - - 2013
Organisms normally grow at a sub-maximal rate. After experiencing a period of arrested growth, individuals often show compensatory growth responses by modifying their life-history, behaviour and physiology. However, the strength of compensatory responses may vary across broad geographic scales as populations differ in their exposition to varying time constraints. We ...
Balaguer Mari Pau - - 2013
Gliadin films incorporating 1.5, 3 and 5% cinnamaldehyde (g/100g protein) were tested against food-spoilage fungi Penicillium expansum and Aspergillus niger in vitro, and were employed in an active food packaging system for sliced bread and cheese spread. Gliadin films incorporating cinnamaldehyde were highly effective against fungal growth. P. expansum and ...
Sharp Gemma - - 2013
Measures of beliefs and attitudes towards food need to be valid, and easy to use and interpret. The present study aimed to establish the validity and reliability of a short-form of the Food-Life Questionnaire (FLQ). Participants (247 females; 118 males), recruited in South Australia, completed a questionnaire in 2012 incorporating ...
Nakano Kumiko K Laboratory of Nutrition Chemistry, Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University Oiwake-cho, Kitashirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8502, - - 2013
The present study explored the possibility of generating a novel sensory evaluation instrument for describing comprehensive food palatability via its subdomains (rewarding, cultural, and informational) while keeping physiological factors constant. Seventy-five Japanese participants were asked to taste cheese samples and to respond to a questionnaire that was developed to dissect ...
Liess Antonia - - 2013
High-latitude species (and populations within species) are adapted to short and cold summers. They often have high growth and development rates to fully use the short growing season and mature before the onset of winter. Within the context of ecological stoichiometry theory, this study combines ecology with evolution by relating ...
L' Engle Williams Frank - - 2013
Late Miocene Oreopithecus bambolii has been posited as a folivore from its pronounced molar shearing crests. However, scanning electron microscopy yields conflicting results with one study of Oreopithecus showing folivory and another indicating a coarser diet was consumed. To address this debate, the dietary proclivities of the well-known IGF 11778 ...
Theodoratou Evropi - - 2013
Colorectal cancer (CRC) accounts for 9.7% of all cancer cases and for 8% of all cancer-related deaths. Established risk factors include personal or family history of CRC as well as lifestyle and dietary factors. We investigated the relationship between CRC and demographic, lifestyle, food and nutrient risk factors through a ...
Dacunto Philip J - - 2013
Indoor sources can greatly contribute to personal exposure to particulate matter less than 2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5). To accurately assess PM2.5 mass emission factors and concentrations, real-time particle monitors must be calibrated for individual sources. Sixty-six experiments were conducted with a common, real-time laser photometer (TSI SidePak™ Model AM510 ...
Haws Kelly L - - 2013
The presence of variety increases the quantity of food a person wants and consumes. A recent review of past literature (Remick, Polivy, & Pliner, 2009) concludes that although external factors influence this effect of variety, internal factors do not seem to affect it. We identify general self-control as an internal ...
Chen Jianjie - - 2013
Fluoride is ubiquitously distributed in natural waters. Elevated fluoride may cause histopathological changes and induce oxidative stress in the gills of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio). The present study further evaluates the effects of fluoride on growth performance, body composition and biochemical measurements of C. carpio. Our results showed that ...
Baik Inkyung - - 2013
There are limited data on healthy dietary patterns protective against metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) development. We identified dietary patterns among middle-aged and older adults and investigated the associations with the incidence of MetSyn. A population-based prospective cohort study included 5,251 male and female Koreans aged 40-69 years. At baseline, all individuals ...
Benedet Jucemar - - 2013
To estimate the prevalence of overweight and to identify associations with sociodemographic, biological and lifestyle factors in adolescents from Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Cross-sectional study carried out in 2007 with a probabilistic sample of 1,590 schoolchildren aged from 11 to 14 years old. The prevalence of overweight, based on body ...
Belbaraka R - - 2013
Background: The incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is relatively high in Maghreb countries. This cancer is a model of multifactorial oncogenesis, but the role of food as risk factor in ethiopathogenesis of this tumor is not negligible. aim : To identify the association between risk of NPC and some dietary ...
Rouibi Khalil - - 2013
Altered motivational processes are key features of drug dependence and withdrawal, yet their neural mechanisms remain largely unknown. The present study shows that genetic disruption of the corticotropin-releasing factor receptor-2 (CRF2-/-) does not impair motivation for palatable food in drug-naïve mice. However, CRF2 receptor-deficiency effectively reduces the increase in palatable ...
Piccinetti Chiara Carla - - 2013
Abstract Melatonin is a neuroendocrine transducer of circadian/circannual rhythms able to synchronize organism's physiological activity. On the basis of our recent findings on appetite regulation by melatonin in the zebrafish brain, the aim of this study was to evaluate melatonin's role in peripheral circuitries regulating food intake, growth, and lipid ...
Akiyama Hiroshi - - 2013
A fundamental means of allergic disease prevention, via the use of functional food factors, is desirable. A number of studies on the role of functional food factors in preventing allergic diseases have been reported. In this review, the preventive effects of polyphenols, carotenoids, polysaccharides, and non-digestible oligosaccharides on allergic diseases ...
Scherer Christian - - 2013
Pollutant effects on aquatic key species are confounded by multiple abiotic and biotic stressors. To better discriminate and understand the intrinsic and environmental correlates of changing aquatic ecosystems, we untangle in present study how the effects of a low-dosed fungicide on daphnids (via different exposure routes) becomes modified by increasing ...
Dantzer Ben - - 2013
In fluctuating environments, mothers may enhance the fitness of their offspring by adjusting offspring phenotypes to match the environment they will experience at independence. In free-ranging red squirrels, natural selection on offspring postnatal growth rates varies according to population density, with selection favoring faster-growing offspring under high-density conditions. We show ...
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