Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 832
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Anderson G Harvey - - 2004
This review presents 4 lines of evidence supporting a role for proteins in the regulation of food intake and maintenance of healthy body weights. It is concluded that the protein content of food, and perhaps its source, is a strong determinant of short-term satiety and of how much food is ...
Laskiewicz J - - 2004
Study was based on hypothesis that electrical stimulation (ES) with parameters obtained from analysis of vagal afferent discharge fed state may fake brain with satiety state. We evaluated effect of denervation of vagal capsaicin-sensitive afferents on food intake and body weight in rats with ES of vagal nerves using microchip ...
Woodrow Graham - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Body composition changes occur in peritoneal dialysis (PD) due to abnormalities in nutrition and hydration. We investigated abnormalities of nutrition and hydration in PD patients compared with healthy controls by measurement of total body potassium (TBK) and body water compartments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison study. METHODS: We measured TBK--an indicator ...
Idowu, AB; Department of ...
The performance of the variegated grasshopper, Zonocerus variegatus (L) fed on different food plants namely cassava (Manihot esculenta), pawpaw (Carica papaya) and acalypha (Acalypha wilkesiana) and a mixture of these plants (mixed diets) from 5th nymphal instar to adult was investigated. Survivor and longevity of nymphs and as well as ...
Barboza P S - - 2004
Reindeer are polygynous ruminants that breed when plant growth declines in the Arctic. We studied seven males (2 years and older) in two herds with a total of 34 females to describe the costs and consequences of mating or rut. Body mass declined between September and November and did not ...
Bernao Aonio - - 2004
This 12-day study was conducted to evaluate the effects of three different levels of dietary chromium (100, 200, and 500 microg/day) in the form of chromium picolinate (CrPic) on growth and protein use in weaned rats. No significant effect of CrPic on body weight gain, food intake, or food conversion ...
Matyja Andrzej - - 2004
In obesity patients inexpensive, non-invasive, low risk treatment remains a holy grail. The purpose of this study was to evaluate effect of long term and low frequency vagal pacing on feeding behavior in pigs. METHODS: Two groups of animals were investigated, first control with sham operation and second group with ...
Hagiwara Akihiro - - 2003
This study was designed to evaluate and characterize any subacute toxicity of 1-carboxy-5,7-dibromo-6-hydroxy-2,3,4-trichloroxanthone (HXCA), an impurity of Phloxine B (Food Red No. 104 in Japan, D&C Red No. 28 in the USA), when administered to both sexes of F344 rats at dietary levels of 0 (control), 0.005, 0.05 and 0.5%. ...
Higo Ryuzaburo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pediatric foreign body cases in the aerodigestive tract, and to elucidate the characteristic problems in Japan. METHODS: A total of 310 pediatric patients (age 15 or below), gathered from two medical university hospitals (University of Tokyo and Jichi Medical School), were included in this study. Data were ...
Laskiewicz J - - 2003
Food induced neurohumoral signals are conduced to data processing brain centers mainly as vagal afferent discharge resulting in food intake regulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of vagal nerve neuromodulation in control of food intake with fed-pattern microchip (MC) pacing. Experiments were performed on 60 rats ...
Elfhag Kristina - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study personality and clinical factors in weight loss by sibutramine (Meridia and Reductil), an anti-obesity drug enhancing satiety. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The subjects were 30 obese patients [43 +/- 12 years (mean +/- SD), BMI 40 +/- 4 kg/m(2)]. The treatment comprised 15 mg of sibutramine administered ...
Sharp Jody - - 2003
The objective of this study was to compare the recovery of male rats after a major abdominal surgical procedure (the implantation of a radiotelemetry transmitter) when treated with buprenorphine, butorphanol, or ketoprofen and subcutaneous fluids (5% dextrose) or with subcutaneous fluids only. The parameters for assessing recovery were heart rate ...
Todić Maida - - 2003
Body weight variations during toxicological testing can be one of the indicators of the test substance toxic effects. Data on food and water consumption are true indicators of the rate of growth of experimental animals (Stevens & Gallo, 1989). Daily recording of the food and water consumption was done during ...
Yuwaki Keiichi - - 2003
Mice exposed to hypergravity, especially soon after start of exposure, diminished the body weight and the food intake. The amount of food intake was kept less than that of the ground control during hypergravity breeding for 2 weeks. Furthermore, the weight of testis relative to the body weight increased compared ...
Smith C Michael - - 2003
The greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), is a major pest of wheat in North America, reducing U.S. wheat production by 60 to 100 million dollars each year. In this research, 149 wheat lines containing genes from Aegilops tauschii (Coss.) Schmal. were evaluated for resistance to greenbug biotype I. More than 50% ...
Lee Soo-Kyung - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Socio-economic development influences many factors that affect health, especially diet and nutrition. This investigation proposes that a system of transitions occur as societies develop, with socio-economic, physical activity, dietary, nutrition and body weight transitions operating in relationship with each other. This model of transitions was examined empirically using South ...
Schäfer E - - 2003
To compare the weight loss of eight different root-canal sealers in water and in artificial saliva with different pH values. For standardized samples (n = 12 per group), ring moulds were filled with epoxy resin (AH 26, AH Plus)-, silicone (RSA RoekoSeal)-, calcium hydroxide (Apexit, Sealapex)-, zinc oxide-eugenol (Aptal-Harz)-, glass-ionomer ...
Navia B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the desire to lose weight in a group of university students, and to analyse the influence of this desire on declared food habits. The degree of knowledge on what constitutes a balanced diet was also determined. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population survey. SUBJECTS: ...
Génin F - - 2003
Short-day-induced fattening was investigated in the small nocturnal primate Microcebus murinus. Animals were either transferred from long photoperiod (LP) to short photoperiod (SP) or maintained in LP and submitted to various treatments. Animals fed daily on 40 microg of melatonin (MEL) at two different times showed a significant increase in ...
Kazaks Alexandra - - 2003
This article discusses some of the changes in our food environment that have encouraged overeating and some research that underlies successful weight loss and maintenance of weight loss. The discussion of these topics will help in the guidance of patients to develop personalized eating plans and reduce energy intake, in ...
St-Onge Marie-Pierre - - 2003
Artificial sweeteners provide lower calorie food products but have been thought to increase appetite and perhaps lead to increased body weight compared with high-sucrose foods. A recent trial demonstrated that subjects supplementing their diets with artificially sweetened foods lost weight, whereas those consuming high-sucrose foods gained weight. This review sheds ...
Antic Vladan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In humans, particularly among individuals trying to lose weight, cycles of hypophagia followed by cycles of hyperphagia are quite common and may lead to an increased cardiovascular morbidity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the alterations in daily mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) ...
Hampstead Benjamin M. - - 2003
Animals were given five cycles of an activity anorexia (AA) procedure in order to determine the effect of additional experience on eating, running, and weight loss. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were given a 1h meal and allowed access to a running wheel for the remainder of each day. Upon reaching 75% ...
Morgan Theodore J - - 2003
The evolutionary importance of postnatal ontogenies has long been recognized, but most studies of ontogenetic trajectories have focused exclusively on morphological traits. For animals, this represents a major omission because behavioral traits and their ontogenies often have relatively direct relationships to fitness. Here four replicate lines of house mice artificially ...
Warin Megan - - 2003
This paper draws on ethnographic material to challenge the taken-for-granted relationship between anorexia and fear of fat. While popular understandings assume anorexia to be an extension of everyday dietary guidelines and a fear of weight gain from foods high in fats and calories, I argue that it is fear of ...
Moore Barbara J - - 2003
With 64-ounce sodas and "supersized" fast food on nearly every street corner, America has become the land of the obese. Despite disheartening statistics regarding the success of weight-loss plans, patients are more likely to take steps to lose weight if encouraged to do so by their primary care physician.
Das Sai Krupa - - 2003
Body composition methods were examined in 20 women [body mass index (BMI) 48.7 +/- 8.8 kg/m(2)] before and after weight loss [-44.8 +/- 14.6 (SD) kg] after gastric bypass (GBP) surgery. The reference method, a three-compartment (3C) model using body density by air displacement plethysmography and total body water (TBW) ...
Osinga Ronald - - 2003
Explants of the tropical sponge Pseudosuberites andrewsi were fed with the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornotum. The food was supplied either as intact algae or as a filtered crude extract. Growth (measured as an increase in underwater weight) was found in both experiments. The explants fed with intact algae increased to ...
Porter James P - - 2003
Systemic infusion of ANG II decreases body weight and food intake and increases energy expenditure. We recently reported that young rats receiving a 1-week intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion of angiotensin II (ANG II) exhibited decreased body weight compared to control. The aim of the present investigation was to determine if chronic ...
Rusca Roberto - - 2003
Anorexia nervosa is an attempt of the self to refuse itself and devise an other self, with dissolution of the link between the self and the body. Although anorectics are often described as academically capable and attractive, in the author's experience they were preoccupied with superficial issues, their drive came ...
Jones Juli E - - 2003
Opioids are a family of neuropeptides involved in the control of food intake and regulation of body weight. In general, nonselective opioid antagonists have inhibited food intake in a variety of paradigms in rodent species. Syrian hamsters may be an exception to the general findings. In a previous report, we ...
Nagaraja H S - - 2003
The effects of forced swimming stress (15 minutes per day) on body weight, food intake, blood sugar, water intake, and urine output were studied in adult male Wistar rats on the first, seventh, fourteenth and 21st days in different subgroups. There was a significant initial decrease in the body weight ...
Wittsiepe Jürgen - - 2003
The dietary intake of platinum and gold by 84 small children, 42 boys and 42 girls at the age of 14 to 83 months, with different food consumption behaviour living in urban and rural areas of Germany was measured by the duplicate method with a seven day sampling period from ...
Pafumi C C Department of Microbiological and Gynecological Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy. - - 2002
In the last 10 years an impressive increase in the frequency of food disorders (bulimia and anorexia) in teenagers has been recorded. Food disorders, present especially in girls, (part of more complex relational-familiar disorders) cause progressive repercussions on the general endocrine structure and in particular on the reproductive system of ...
Zerath Erik - - 2002
During spaceflights in the shuttle, rats are provided specific food bars. To determine whether this diet allows normal body and skeletal growth, we used four groups of rats fed either standard pellet food or space food bars during a 2-wk unloading experiment. We recorded food intake, body weight, tibial bone ...
Konings Constantijn J A M - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of abnormalities in fluid status and body composition on agreement between multifrequency bioimpedance analysis (MF-BIA), segmental BIA (sigmaBIA), the Watson formula, and tracer dilution techniques. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Multicenter. PATIENTS: 40 patients (29 males, 11 females) on peritoneal dialysis (PD). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Agreement between ...
Bachmanov Alexander A AA Monell Chemical Senses Center, 3500 Market St., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA. - - 2002
Male mice from 28 inbred strains (129P3/J, A/J, AKR/J, BALB/cByJ, BUB/BnJ, C3H/HeJ, C57BL/6J, C57L/J, CAST/Ei, CBA/J, CE/J, DBA/2J, FVB/NJ, I/LnJ, KK/H1J, LP/J, NOD/LtJ, NZB/B1NJ, P/J, PL/J, RBF/DnJ, RF/J, RIIIS/J, SEA/GnJ, SJL/J, SM/J, SPRET/Ei, and SWR/J) were fed chow and had access to two water bottles. Body weight, food intake, water ...
Black Bill J BJ - - 2003
Loss of weight, often of unknown cause and culminating in death, commonly occurs in humans at advanced ages. Rats that live to old ages, such as the Fischer 344 (F344) strain, also exhibit a terminal loss in body weight. A presently held hypothesis is that the terminal weight loss in ...
Jonker D - - 2002
The potential subchronic oral toxicity of isomaltulose (Palatinose) was examined by administering this substance in the diet to groups of 20 male and 20 female Wistar rats at levels of 0, 2.5, 5 and 10% for 13 consecutive weeks. Daily clinical observations, body weight, food conversion efficiency, food and water ...
Kloppenburg Wybe D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Dietary energy intake (DEI) is reported to be below recommended values in a large proportion of stable chronic haemodialysis patients, while energy requirement appears not to be very different from that in healthy subjects. Nevertheless, body mass has often been reported to be stable over time. We hypothesized that ...
Zittel Tilman T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Total gastrectomy often results in early satiety and loss of body weight. Serotonin inhibits food intake, and postprandial serotonin release is increased after total gastrectomy. Serotonin might contribute to early satiety and loss of body weight after total gastrectomy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Food intake and body weight were investigated ...
de Oliveira Cravo C - - 2002
For this study, we have determined the effects of neonatal leptin treatment on the evolution of body weight. Experiment 1: pups were divided into two groups: LepF - injected with leptin (8 micro g/100 g of body weight) for the first 10 days of lactation and control (C) - receiving ...
Schulz Mandy - - 2002
This study examined the effect of food group intake on subsequent 2-y weight change. Food-frequency questionnaire-based food intake data of 17,369 nonsmoking subjects of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam cohort were examined in their relation to a subsequent weight change. Dietary data, collected from 1994 to ...
Jonsson L - - 2002
The central melanocortin system is involved in the regulation of food intake and body weight. In this study, we investigated the effect of a 4-week intracerebroventricular infusion of the melanocortin receptor agonist MT-II and the selective melanocortin-4 receptor antagonist HS024 on food intake and body weight homeostasis. The MT-II-treated rats ...
Takizawa Tamotsu - - 2002
Ethanol extracts of seeds of Psoralea corylifolia are proposed as food additives for processed food preservation. An extract was administered by admixing into diet at concentrations of 0, 0.375, 0.75, 1.5 or 3.0% to 10 male and 10 female F344 rats each for 90 days to evaluate its toxicity. Body ...
Herbert J D - - 2002
Growth rates in two closely related species, Alligator mississippiensis (American alligator) and Alligator sinensis (Chinese alligator), were compared under identical conditions for at least 1 year after hatching. When hatched, Chinese alligators were approximately 2/3 the length and approximately 1/2 the weight of American alligator hatchlings. At the end of ...
Hoffman Wherly P - - 2002
To evaluate compound-related effects on the growth of rodents, body weight and food consumption data are commonly collected either weekly or biweekly in toxicology studies. Body weight gain, food consumption relative to body weight, and efficiency of food utilization can be derived from body weight and food consumption for each ...
Williamson Donald A - - 2002
This research project evaluated changes in food selections, food intake, and body weight during 8 weeks of basic combat training (BCT). During the first week of BCT, 139 soldiers from two companies volunteered for participation in the study. In the eighth week of BCT, 92 soldiers were available for retesting. ...
Kastelein R A - - 2002
The food consumption (recorded in kg of individual fish species), body length and mass of 11 Atlantic bottlenose dolphins kept first at Windsor Safari Park, UK (1979-1993/1994), and later at Harderwijk Marine Mammal Park, The Netherlands (1993/1994-1995) are reported. This broad-scale, longitudinal study is based on historical data that were ...
Thornton-Jones Zoe - - 2002
The weight gain associated with several antipsychotic drugs, most notably the newer 'atypical' compounds olanzapine and clozapine, introduces problems of compliance and morbidity in the treatment of schizophrenia. The mechanisms underlying this process have been little studied due to the lack of models of the effects of antipsychotic drugs on ...
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